2010-estimates-excel.xlsx
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WORKSHEETS IN ESTIMATES FILE
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Index
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BritishBritish exports and imports by port of organization and year of arrival
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FrenchFrench exports and imports by year of arrival
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DutchDutch exports and imports by year of arrival
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USABritish North American and United States exports and imports by year of arrival
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Danish+Danish, Baltic, and North German exports and imports by year of arrival
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SpanishSpanish exports and imports by year of arrival
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Port(Span)Portuguese exports and imports to Spanish and other Americas
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AmazoniaPortuguese exports and imports to Amazonia
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BahiaPortuguese exports and imports to Bahia
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PernambucoPortuguese exports and imports to Penambuco
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SE BrazilPortuguese exports and imports to Southeast Brazil
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AngolaExports from Angola
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Port(consolidated)Portuguese exports and imports by destination and year of arrival
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Africa >1830Slaves disembarked in Africa and Spanish Americas after 1830
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RawdataSPSS output of exports and imports by year for national carrier
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Summary_volumeEstimates of exports and imports by year for national carrier
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The general methodology used in deriving estimates is described in David Eltis and Paul Lachance, "Estimates of the Size and the Direction of the
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Transatlantic Slave Trade," which may be downloaded from the Voyages website. The spreadsheet is intended to be read in conjunction
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with this essay. The main source for the estimates is the Transatlantic Slave Trade Database, as revised in 1967 (TSTD2).
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Revisions since then would change estimates using the same methodology for years in which data has been added, deleted, or revised,
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but not the overall patterns and trends described in this spreadsheet.
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Sources
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Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, version Basecoy67 (October, 2007)TSTD2
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British 1662-1695David Eltis, "The British Transatlantic Slave Trade Before 1714: Annual Estimates of Volume and Direction," in Robert L. Paquette and Stanley L. Engerman (eds.), The Lesser Antilles in the Age of European Expansion (Gainesville, 1996), pp. 191-215.
Eltis, 1996
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Danish 1690-97,1734-1807Per O. Hernæs, Slaves, Danes, and the African coast Society: The Danish Slave Trade from West Africa and Afro-Danish Relations on the Eighteenth-century Gold Coast (Trondheim, 1995), p. 225.
Hernæs, 1995
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Spanish 1501-1641António de Almeida Mendes, “The Foundations of the System: A Reassessment of the Slave Trade to the Spanish Americas in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries,” in Eltis and Richardson (eds.), Extending the Frontiers: Essays on the New Transatlantic Slave Trade Database (New Haven, 2008), pp. 63-94.
Mendes, 2008
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Portuguese 1501-1641Ibid.
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US 1812-1820David Eltis, "The U.S. Transatlantic Slave Trade, 1644–1867: An Assessment," Civil War History, 54:4 (2008): 347-78.
Eltis, 2008
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PernambucoDaniel Barros Domingues da Silva and David Eltis, “The Slave Trade to Pernambuco, 1561-1851,” in Eltis and Richardson (eds.), Extending the Frontiers, pp. 95-129.
Domingues and Eltis, 2008
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Brazil, 1831-51David Eltis, "The Nineteenth Century Transatlantic Slave Trade: An Annual Time Series of Imports into the Americas broken down by Region," Hispanic American Historical Review, 67 (1987): 109-38.
Eltis, 1987
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Marcus J. M. de Carvalho, Liberdade: rotinas e rupturas do escravismo no Recife, 1820-1850 (Recife, 2003), pp. 112, 134
Carvalho, 2003
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Amazonia, 1680-1692Daniel Barros Domingues da Silva, “The Atlantic Slave Trade to Maranhão, 1680-1846: Volume, Routes And Organization,” Slavery and Abolition, 29:4 (2008), 477-501.
Domingues, 2008
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Bahia, Pernambuco, and SE Brazil, 1560-1619David Eltis and David Richardson (eds.) Extending the Frontiers: Essays on the New Transatlantic Slave Trade Database (New Haven, 2008)
Eltis and Richardson, 2008
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Angola, 1666-1672Luiz Felipe de Antecastro, O trato dos viventes : formação do Brasil no Atlântico Sul, séculos XVI e XVII,
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(São Paulo, Brazil : Companhia das Letras, 2000).
Antecastro, 2000
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Angola, 1710-1830Jose C. Curto, "A Quantitative Reassessment of the Legal Portuguese Slave Trade from Luanda, Angola, 1710-1830." African Economic History 20 (1992): 1-25;
Curto, 1992
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“The Legal Portuguese Slave Trade from Benguela, Angola, 1730-1828: A Quantitative Reappraisal,” África [Revista do Centro de Estudos Africanos, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil], 16-17 (1993), 101-116.
Curto, 1993
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Nireu Cavalcanti, "Comércio de escravos novos no Rio Setecentista", (March, 2003), article not published, table VIII.
Cavalcanti, 2003.
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Key to Color coding
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Data taken from Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database
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Data taken from sources other than Voyages Database
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Data transferred to summary worksheets
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Abbreviations and terminology
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TSTD2Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database
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RatioRatio of documented and imputed to total estimated embarkations/disembarkations
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XEmbarkations
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MDisembarkations
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Note
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Estimates for Portuguese voyages to Amazonia and Pernambuco in this spreadsheet correct in certain years estimates in the Voyages website.
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See notes at the bottom of the sheets for these three regions in Brazil for specific years. These corrections will eventually be made on the website.
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