Timeline JS - Communication
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1305Moveable Type PrintingThe Chinese develop wooden block movable type printing. Movable type is the system of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation).https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7696/16895549150_3fce9304ee.jpg https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7696/16895549150_3fce9304ee.jpg
1450Printing PressJohannes Gutenberg invents the Printing Press with metal movable type. The invention and spread of the printing press are widely regarded as among the most influential events in human history,revolutionizing the way people conceive and describe the world they live in, and ushering in the period of modernity.https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7679/17082385361_44589ab852.jpghttps://farm8.staticflickr.com/7679/17082385361_44589ab852.jpg
1835Morse CodeSamuel Morse develops the Morse Code and later the first long distance electrical telegraph line. This system sent pulses of electric current along wires which controlled an electromagnet that was located at the receiving end of the telegraph system. A code was needed to transmit natural language using only these pulses, and the silence between them. https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8703/17057136956_18406146f0.jpg https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8703/17057136956_18406146f0.jpg
1876TelephoneAlexander Graham Bell and Thomas A. Watson exhibit an electric telephone. In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell was the first to be granted a United States patent for a device that produced clearly intelligible replication of the human voice. This instrument was further developed by many others. The telephone was the first device in history that enabled people to talk directly with each other across large distanceshttps://farm9.staticflickr.com/8730/16895548570_4e2778c013.jpghttps://farm9.staticflickr.com/8730/16895548570_4e2778c013.jpg
1877PhonographThomas Edison patents the Phonograph. The phonograph, in its later forms also called a gramophone or record player, is a device introduced in 1877 for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound. The sound vibration waveforms are recorded as corresponding physical deviations of a groove engraved or impressed into the surface of a rotating cylinder or disc.https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8798/17083109165_38f48fefa1.jpghttps://farm9.staticflickr.com/8798/17083109165_38f48fefa1.jpg
1920RadioRadio Station KDKA based in Pittsburge began the first radio broadcast - the results of the Harding/Cox Presidential Election. The earliest radio stations were simply radiotelegraphy systems and did not carry audio. For audio broadcasts to be possible electronic detection and amplification devices had to be incorporated.https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8694/16462953503_d24916c214.jpghttps://farm9.staticflickr.com/8694/16462953503_d24916c214.jpg
1947TelevisionFull-scale commercial television is first broadcasted in 1947 though the first moving image was transmitted back in 1926. Nobel laureate Ferdinand Braun invented the cathode ray tube, the basis of all modern television cameras and receivers. Vladimir Zworykin improved television with the invention of a completely electric camera–the Iconoscope, and a receiver–the Kinescope, which both used a cathode ray tube. You could not buy a color television until 1953.https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7591/17082384461_4086b1a291.jpghttps://farm8.staticflickr.com/7591/17082384461_4086b1a291.jpg
1958PhotocopierChester Carlson presents the first photocopier suitable for office. Most current photocopiers use a technology called xerography, a dry process that uses electrostatic charges on a light sensitive photoreceptor to first attract and then transfer toner particles (a powder) onto paper in the form of an image. Heat, pressure or a combination of both is then used to fuse the toner onto the paper.https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8815/16895325948_9871ab910f.jpghttps://farm9.staticflickr.com/8815/16895325948_9871ab910f.jpg
1969ArpanetThe Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP. Both technologies became the technical foundation of the Internet. The ARPANET was operated by the military during the two decades of its existence, until 1990.https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8733/16896886059_8e3c9e8110.jpghttps://farm9.staticflickr.com/8733/16896886059_8e3c9e8110.jpg
1976Personal ComputerThe Personal Computer (PC) market is born. Early personal computers – generally called microcomputers– were sold often in electronic kit form and in limited numbers, and were of interest mostly to hobbyists and technicians. By early 1980 Radio Shack, Commodore, and Apple manufactured the vast majority of the one half-million microcomputers that existed.https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8770/17057135876_b449902381.jpghttps://farm9.staticflickr.com/8770/17057135876_b449902381.jpg
1989World Wide WebTim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau build the prototype system which became the World Wide Web. In 1990 they proposed to use hypertext "to link and access information of various kinds as a web of nodes in which the user can browse at will". A turning point for the World Wide Web began with the introduction of the Mosaic web browser in 1993.https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7624/17083108555_0098e1f12b.jpghttps://farm8.staticflickr.com/7624/17083108555_0098e1f12b.jpg
1992SMSNeil Papworth send the first SMS (text message). Short Message Service (SMS) is a text messaging service component of phone, Web, or mobile communication systems. It uses standardized communications protocols to allow fixed line or mobile phone devices to exchange short text messages.https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8827/16462952683_599d0079c8.jpghttps://farm9.staticflickr.com/8827/16462952683_599d0079c8.jpg
2004FacebookWhat would become the largest social networking site int he world is launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates. The founders had initially limited the website's membership to Harvard students, but later expanded it to colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford University. It gradually added support for students at various other universities and later to high-school students. Since 2006, anyone who is at least 13 years old is allowed to become a registered user of the website.https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7706/16895547650_42d60606e6.jpghttps://farm8.staticflickr.com/7706/16895547650_42d60606e6.jpg
2005YouTubeYouTube, the video sharing website, is founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen & Jawed Karim. In November 2006, it was bought by Google for $1.65 billion. YouTube now operates as one of Google's subsidiaries.The site allows users to upload, view, and share videos.https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8685/17081612072_8d8bb1457f.jpghttps://farm9.staticflickr.com/8685/17081612072_8d8bb1457f.jpg
2006TwitterTwitter (microblogging) was created by Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Biz Stone & Noah Glass. Twitter is an online social networking service that enables users to send and read short 140-character messages called "tweets". As of December 2014, Twitter has more than 500 million users, out of which more than 284 million are active users.https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8787/16460647654_fa0003b42a.jpghttps://farm9.staticflickr.com/8787/16460647654_fa0003b42a.jpg
2015What will be next?What is your prediction?http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/pictures/40000/nahled/question-mark.jpghttp://www.publicdomainpictures.net/pictures/40000/nahled/question-mark.jpg