Vocab Bank & Code Index
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Week LearnedTermDefinition
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1datasetA collection of certain pieces of information about certain items. e.g. The name, genre, runtime, and Rotten Tomatoes score of 50 different movies
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1data pointEquivalent to one row. Contains all information for one item in a data set - e.g. All the information about one movie or one person
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1rowEquivalent to one data point.
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1columnOne piece of information for all data points - e.g. Everyone's age is stored in the age column
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1spreadsheetA convenient file to store a dataset in the form of rows and columns
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1PythonA computer that can understand and execute code/instructions written in the Python programming language
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1valueA single quantity regardless of its type e.g. 4, 4.0, "four", True; also the result of an expression
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1expressionany legal combination of symbols that represents a value e.g. 2 + 2; "butter" + "fly"; 1 < 2
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1keyword
symbols in Python that correspond to built-in functionality that can, but should not, be changed. The full list of keywords can be seen here: https://www.programiz.com/python-programming/keyword-list
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1data typeComputers only know how to represent certain types of value. The data type of an item refers to the strategy the computer uses to represent it.
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1int(eger)A counting number. Any whole number between -9223372036854775806 and 9223372036854775807
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float(ing point number)
A decimal number. Any decimal between (-1.7976931348623157 * 10 ^ 308) and (1.7976931348623157 * 10 ^ 308)
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1stringA sequence of symbols grouped by quotation marks, such as "pony", "SaM4ntha", or "Hello, World!"
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1Bool(ean)True or False. When you turn a Bool into an int True=1 and False=0. When you turn an int into a Bool 0=False and anything else=True
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2variableA named container that stores a value. The value inside may be changed.
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2function
A named section of a program that performs a specific task. For example, &ldquo;spead_on_bread&rdquo; would be a function for making a PB&J. It would be called once to spread the peanut butter and once to spread the jelly.
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2argumentInput variables for a function. For example an &ldquo;add&rdquo; function would two arguments, the two numbers you want to add together
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2return valueThe output of a function. In the &ldquo;add&rdquo; function, the return value is the sum of the two numbers that were added.
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2return typeThe data type of the return value
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2function callThe line in a program that makes use of a function. This is different from the definition of a function.
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