Data Legal Slavery - v1 - slavery abolition trend by Gapminder
 Share
The version of the browser you are using is no longer supported. Please upgrade to a supported browser.Dismiss

View only
 
ABCDEFGHIJK
1
Data: Legal Slavery — v1
Free data from www.gapminder.orgidversion
2
Updated: April 8, 2018
CC BY 4.0 LICENCElslavev1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Version:v1
19
Indicator 1:Number of countries where slavery is legalAre you seeing this offline? Please make sure you use the latest version. Here's the permalink:
20
Description:Counting the number of countries where forced labour is legal, which means: there's no law or constitution prohibiting forced labor or serfdom, and the country hasn't yet signed any UN convention banning forced labor. And then, if state owned companies or the government itself is accused of practicing forced labor, while ILO can't investigate it, then slavery here is considered legal, despite what it says on the legal documents.gapm.io/dlslave
21
Unit:Number of countries among 195
22
23
Indicator 2:Legal status of slavery
24
Description:Slavery is considered legal in this dataset when a country has no law or constitution prohibiting forced labor or serfdom, and the country hasn't signed any UN convention against it, or the state is accused of practicing forced labor and ILO is stating that it is not able to investigate the accusations properly.
25
Unit:Legal or Illegal
26
27
Download:Excel file »
28
29
About this fileExample Charts
30
Gapminder has combined data from multiple sources into a long global trend based on dates of slavery abolishment for all countries. The last sheet contains our collection of dates of abolishment.These charts show data from the other sheets in this workbook.
31
32
Data source summary
33
We first collected dates of slavery abolishments in the form of passed laws, constitutions or signatures of UN conventions, for all 195 states recognised by the UN. The first date when some kind of legal document was passed was chosen from the following sources: The three UN declarations for banning forced labor were written in 1926, 1930 and 1957 available on UN treaties website. The dates when countries passed domestic laws and constitutions that explicitly ban slavery or forced labor, we took from the database called Slavery in Domestic Legislation, compiled by Jean Allain and Dr. Marie Lynch, at Queen’s University Belfast. Most historic dates of abolishment before 1950 come from the English Wikipedia article called Timeline of abolition of slavery and serfdom. Finally we made one exception.
In 2018 all governments have a legal document banning forced labor, but some of them seem to be practicing forced labor themselves. An organisation called www.antislavery.org and others report about forced labor commanded by state the owned cotton industries in Turkmenistan & Uzbekistan most commonly during cotton harvest in October every year. And there are plenty of reports of forced labour in work camps in North Korea. In each of these cases ILO is not fully content with the countries' abilities to collaborate to investigate these claims, and therefor we decided to mark these countries as not having made slavery illegal yet, even if they have all signed UN conventions and banned it by their constitution. After gathering the earliest date of abolishment for all countries we could count how many had not yet abolished, each year between 1800 and 2018.
34
35
Detailed data source documentation
36
gapm.io/ddlslave
37
38
Data Version
39
Author of this version: Ola Rosling
40
Permalink to this version: v1
41
gapm.io/d_lslave_v1
42
43
Feedback
44
If you find a problem or have a question:
45
Please give feedback here
46
47
Gapminder's Data License
48
Creative Common License CC BY 4.0
49
We produce free data, and most (not all!) sheets here are provided under the open license. You can use, copy, and spread this data, as long as you mention the following:
50
Free data from Gapminder.org: gapm.io/d_lslave_v1
51
52
Sources used
53
Antislavery[1]: Web page on www.antislavery.org: "Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan — Tackling forced labour in cotton industry". Accessed December 2, 2017
54
ILO means International Labour Organization: www.ilo.org
55
ILO[1]: Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29) (C.29). Accessed December 2, 2017 List of countries and dates of signing.
56
ILO[2]: Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105) (C.105). Accessed December 2, 2017. List of countries and dates of signing.
57
ILO[3]: ILO Country baselines: Turkmenistan. Accessed December 2, 2017.
58
ILO[4]: ILO Country baselines: Uzbekistan. Accessed December 2, 2017.
59
ILO[5]: ILO Country baselines: North Korea. Accessed December 2, 2017.
60
SDL: Slavery in Domestic Legislation Database, a database by Jean Allain and Dr. Marie Lynch at Queen’s University Belfast. Country pages accessed Accessed December 3-4, 2017.
61
Pinker, Steven. "the Better Angels of Our Nature: the Decline of Violence in History and Its Causes." London: Penguin, 2011.
62
Wikipedia[1]: Article: Timeline of abolition of slavery and serfdom. English Wikipedia. Access December 1, 2017
63
UN[1]: Slavery Convention: signed at Geneva on 25 September 1926 and amended by the Protocol New York, 7 December 1953 (STATUS AS AT : 23-11-2017 05:00:21 ED). Accessed December 2, 2017.
64
65
66
67
Technical stuff
68
These spreadsheets are part of Gapminder's data production and publishing, but there's more to it. Please follow this link to get the bigger picture of our data processes.
69
gapm.io/dataworks
70
FormulasThe formulas in this workbook may be referring to other spreadsheets online, by their named ranges, and not by sheet names. If a spreadsheet is broken in the tree of formulas, we avoid other formulas to get broken, by always linking to the output data sheets, which are manually copied and pasted form the formula outputs in the sheets to the right of DATA_PREP sheet.
71
FormulasIf you like to integrate Gapminder's data into your product, it's better if you integrate
72
Source idGM_LSLAVE_V1
73
Dataset idlslave
74
This G doc id1U43IDqz9uuGEKXF8HIMjbgKgmJPWjVA3bS19DtkkFew
75
76
used sourcesWITHOUT VERSION
77
No sources
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
WITH VERSION
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
Loading...