MITI Research Synthesis
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Position Possible ParticipantAffiliation Expertise Peer-Reviewed Article Data Set Example
Need to Purchase
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Where does false info (mostly) live on the internet?
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Websites Craig Silverman BuzzfeedMediaSilverman and Alexander 2017
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Facebook (posts) Brendan Nyhan DartmouthPoliSciGuess, Nyhan, Reifler 20172016 US Elections
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Facebook Matthew GentzkowStanfordEconomicsAllcott and Gentzkow 2017 2016 US Elections
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Who consumes it?
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US voters Craig Silverman BuzzfeedMedia
Silverman and Singer Vine 2016
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US voters Matthew GentzkowStanfordEconomicsAllcott and Gentzkow 2017
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People affected by crisis Katie Starbird UWashHCI Starbird 2017
not peer reviewed
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What might most determine how it affects them?
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Social media consumption Lada AdamicFacebookEngineering
Bakshy, Messing, Adamic 2015
exposure to ideologically diverse news and opinion on fb
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Political identity (and social norms)Brendan Nyhan DartmouthPoliSciFlynn, Nyhan, Reifler 2017
selective exposure to misinformation
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Feeling "in danger" (fears) Ben OppenheimNYU PoliSciGreenhill, Oppenheim 2017*rumor has it Phillippines, Thailand
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Level of critical thinking David Rand Yale Psychology Pennycook, Rand 2017*
who falls for fake news?
not peer reviewed
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Selective acquisition of political informationBruce BimberUCSBPoliSci
Bimber, Davos 2003; Neuman 1991
https://academic.oup.com/isq/article-abstract/61/3/660/4557058
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Online fact checks or counter-messages...
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Generally seem to work Ethan Porter GWU PoliSciWood, Porter 2016
not peer reviewed
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May work when deilvered certain way ("related links," by everyday users with sources, socially distributed through "comments")
Emily VragaGeorge Mason
Communication
Vraga, Bode 2016, 2017 Zvika Virus
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jcom.12166/abstract
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Do not reach false info consumersAndy GuessPrinceton
Political Science
Guess, Nyhan, Refiler 2017
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Can work but they are not magic Thomas Zeitzoff
American University
Political Science
Nyhan, Zeitzoff 2017* Hill 2017*
Jewish Israelis re: Palestine
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pops.12449/full
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May not be receptive for consumers with partisan media diets Rachel NeoU Hawaii
Communication
Garrett, Weeks, Neo*
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jcc4.12164/full
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Selective exposure does occur, but
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It's overstated Brendan NyhanDartmouth
Political Science
Guess, Nyhan, Refiler 2017; Gentzkow and Shapiro 2011; Barbera 2015; Goel and Rao and Flaxman 2016; Guess 2016
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People may still accept opinion challenges R. Kelly Ohio State
Communication
Garrett 2009
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Questions to discuss further & new insights
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What are people after, outlet to outlet?James Webster Northwestern
Communication
Webster, Ksiazek
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Audience consumption, not media, individualThomas KsiazekVillanovaMediaWebster, Ksiazek
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Cartegorize discourse, better Amy ZhangMIT CompSciZhang, Culbertson, Paritosh
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Identify evidence of critical thinking Allan JeongFlorida StateEducationJeong 2003
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Resources: response, data
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Targeting those who seek other opinions RK Garrett 2009
Bush vs Kerry supporters
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Discourse acts, categorized Praveen ParitoshGoogleCompSciZhang, Culbertson, Paritosh
www.github.com/dmoor-google/coarse-discourse
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