ODB-4thEdition-Indicators.csv
 Share
The version of the browser you are using is no longer supported. Please upgrade to a supported browser.Dismiss

View only
 
 
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
1
subindexcomponentcodenamedescriptiontagsSourceurl_sourceurl_dataProviderurl_providerLicenseType of DataRangeUnitsFormat notes
2
readiness
government_action
ODB.2013.C.INIT
To what extent is there a well-resourced open government data initiative in the country?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

An open data initiative is a plan by the government to release government data online to the public. It has four main features: (1) The government discloses data or information without request from citizens. This may be according to a release schedule or ad hoc; (2) The Internet is the primary means of disclosure. Mobile phone applications may also be used for disclosure; (3) Data is free to access and re-use, e.g. open licenses; (4) Data is in a machine-readable format to enable computer-based reuse, e.g. spreadsheet formats, Application Programming Interface (API).
political
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
3
readiness
government_policies
ODB.2015.C.POLITo what extent is there a well-defined open data policy and/or strategy in the country?This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Governments need to develop strategies, action plans and policies in support of the implementation of the open data principles. Strategies will typically be high-level plans focused on the particular long-term goals, actions and resources for success, while action plans and policies will define specific courses of action adopted to guide decisions towards implementation.

Our open data reference principles are those proposed by the Open Data Charter where the following principles have been established:

- Principle 1: Open by Default;
- Principle 2: Timely and Comprehensive;
- Principle 3: Accessible and Usable;
- Principle 4: Comparable and Interoperable;
- Principle 5: For Improved Governance and Citizen Engagement;
- Principle 6: For Inclusive Development and Innovation.
political
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
4
readiness
government_policies
ODB.2015.C.MANAG
To what extent is there a consistent (open) data management and publication approach?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

When releasing data, no matter whether they could be considered strictly open or not, one should aim to do so in an uniform way across the different agencies and departments to help people to use and understand them. Data needs to be fully described, as appropriate, to help users to fully understand the data. Following the recommendations of the Open Data Charter, this may include:

- Implementation of consistent, open standards related to data formats, interoperability, structure, and common identifiers when collecting and publishing data;
- Consistent core metadata;
- Information to understand the source, strengths, weaknesses, and analytical limitations of the data;
- Accompanying guidance documentation that is written in clear, plain language; and
- Being transparent about data collection, standards, and publishing processes by documenting these processes online.

At the same time, governments need to listen to feedback from data users to improve the breadth, quality and accessibility of data they offer. This could be in the form of a public consultation, discussions with civil society, creation of a feedback mechanism on the data portal, or through other appropriate mechanisms.
technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
5
readiness
government_policies
WEF.GITR.8.01Importance of ICT to government vision of the future.Survey Question: To what extent does the government have a clear implementation plan for utilizing ICTs to improve your country’s overall competitiveness? [1 = no plan; 7 = clear plan] | 2013–14 weighted averageorganisational
WEF - The Global Information
Technology Report 2016 -
Innovating in the Digital Economy
http://reports.weforum.org/global-information-technology-report-2016/
http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GITR2016/WEF_NRI_2012-2016_Historical_Dataset.xlsx
The World Economic Forum
http://www.weforum.org/
Terms of use indicated in the data file. Similar to CC-BY-NC but if the Data is materially transformed by the user, this must be stated explicitly along with the required source citation.
Secondary1-7-
6
readiness
government_action
UN.OSIGovernment online services indexThe UN E-Government Development Survey 2016 Online Services Index is calculated based on an expert survey of each country’s national website, including the national central portal, e-services portal and e-participation portal, as well as the websites of the related ministries of education, labour, social services, health, finance, and environment as applicable. Researchers were instructed and trained to assume the mind-set of an average citizen user in assessing sites.

In the Open Data Barometer it provides a proxy indicator of the organisational capacity of the government to deliver the kinds of online services that might be required for managing an open data initiative.
technical
UN E-Government Development Survey 2016
http://unpan3.un.org/egovkb/en-us/Data-Center
http://unpan3.un.org/egovkb/en-us/Data-Center (select 'Download 2016 Data in Excel/CSV format')
United Nationshttp://www.un.org/
https://shop.un.org/rights-permissions
Secondary0-1-two decimals
7
readiness
government_action
ODB.2013.C.CITY
To what extent are city, regional and local governments running their own open data initiatives?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Open government data does not just involve central government. Regional, city and local governments may all adopt open data initiatives.

An open data initiative is a plan by the government to release government data online to the public. It has four main features: (1) The government discloses data or information without request from citizens. This may be according to a release schedule or ad hoc; (2) The Internet is the primary means of disclosure. Mobile phone applications may also be used for disclosure; (3) Data is free to access and re-use, e.g. open licenses; (4) Data is in a machine-readable format to enable computer-based reuse, e.g. spreadsheet formats, Application Programming Interface (API).
political
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
8
readiness
regulatory_and_civil
ODB.2013.C.RTI
To what extent does the country have a functioning Right to Information law (RTI) / Freedom of Information (FoI) law?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

This indicator addresses whether the Right to Information act disclosure requirements are “effective.” The basic requirements for them to be considered “effective” are whether information: is available to the public for free or at reasonable/minimal costs in a variety of venues (e.g., online, government agency offices); can be accessed by citizens within 30 days, and answers the specific request, with explanations for refusal to release information.
legal
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
9
readiness
regulatory_and_civil
ODB.2013.C.DPL
To what extent is there a robust legal or regulatory framework for protection of personal data in the country?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Strong data protection regimes include a number of key features including: Broad applicability; the right of choice/consent; the right to access and correct; responsibilities for information holders; and the right of redress.
legal
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
10
readiness
regulatory_and_civil
FHPolitical Freedoms and Civil LibertiesFreedom in the World 2016 evaluates the state of freedom in 195 countries and 15 territories during 2014. Each country and territory is assigned two numerical ratings—from 1 to 7—for political rights and civil liberties, with 1 representing the most free and 7 the least free. The two ratings are based on scores assigned to 25 more detailed indicators. The average of a country or territory’s political rights and civil liberties ratings determines whether it is Free, Partly Free, or Not Free.

The methodology, which is derived from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, is applied to all countries and territories, irrespective of geographic location, ethnic or religious composition, or level of
economic development.

We use a combined score out of 100 taken by adding up the Political Rights and Civil Liberties components of the 2015 ranking.
social
Freeom House Freedom in the World Rankings 2016
https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/freedom-world-2016
https://freedomhouse.org/sites/default/files/AggregateScores_FIW2003-2016%20%28final%29.xlsx
Freedom House
https://freedomhouse.org/
https://freedomhouse.org/content/privacy-policy
Secondary0-100-
11
readiness
regulatory_and_civil
ODB.2013.C.CSOC
To what extent are civil society and/or information technology professionals engaging with the government regarding open data?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Campaigns for open data are often composed of civil society organizations, data technologists, informational professionals, computer experts and ordinary citizens who advocate for greater access to government data. A 10 score indicates that government officials recognize these organized campaigns and engage in discussion with community leaders about which data to release, when and in what forms.
social
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
12
readiness
business_and_entrepreneurship
ODB.2013.C.TRAIN
To what extent is training about open data available for individuals or businesses wishing to increase their skills or build businesses to use (open) data?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Working with open data involves a wide range of knowledge and skills, including: web technologies; data science; data visualisation; legal aspects of open data; and business aspects of open data.

Training may be delivered through both full-time and part-time, or through professional development courses. Training may also be delivered through business incubator programmes, or short-term boot-camp training events.
economic
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
13
readiness
business_and_entrepreneurship
ODB.2013.C.SUPIN
To what extent is government directly supporting a culture of innovation with open data through competitions, grants or other support actions?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Governments can adopt a range of approaches to stimulate a culture of innovation around open data including: running competitions in which prize money is offered to innovators creating tools, services or commercial applications using open data; organising hackathon events which invite developers to create prototype tools and services over one or two day events; organising incubators and open data boot camps specifically targeted at supporting innovative uses of open data; offering grant funding or innovation vouchers specifically targeted at encouraging businesses to engage with open data;

Sometimes these are run as one-off activities, organised with minimal budgets by small groups of staff. To receive the highest scores there should be clear evidence of government dedicating investment to support innovation with open data, including support to private sector re-users of open data.
economic
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
14
readiness
business_and_entrepreneurship
WEF.GCI.9.02Firm-level technology absorption.From the World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report Expert Survey answers to the question "In your country, to what extent do businesses adopt new
technology?" [1 = not at all; 7 = adopt extensively] | 2013–14 weighted average
economic
WEF - The Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017
http://reports.weforum.org/global-competitiveness-index/
http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GCR2016-2017/06Othershareables/GCI_Dataset_2006-2016.xlsx
The World Economic Forum
http://www.weforum.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Secondary1-7-
15
readiness
business_and_entrepreneurship
WB.NetUsersInternet users (per 100 people)Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 12 months. Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. The data is generated by the World Bank from International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication/ICT Development Report and database, and World Bank estimates.technical
WB World Development Indicators - Internet users (per 100 people) 2015
http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IT.NET.USER.P2
World Bank
http://www.worldbank.org/
http://data.worldbank.org/summary-terms-of-use
Secondary0-100%
16
implementation
innovationODB.2013.D1Map Data
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
17
implementation
innovationODB.2013.D9Public transport timetables
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
18
implementation
innovationODB.2013.D10International trade data
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
19
implementation
innovationODB.2013.D13Crime statistics
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
20
implementation
innovationODB.2013.D16Public Contracts
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
21
implementation
social_policyODB.2013.D4Detailed census datasocial
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
22
implementation
social_policyODB.2013.D11Health sector performancesocial
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
23
implementation
social_policyODB.2013.D12Primary or secondary education performance datasocial
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
24
implementation
social_policyODB.2013.D14National environment statisticssocial
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
25
implementation
social_policyODB.2013.D2Land ownership datasocial
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
26
implementation
accountabilityODB.2013.D5Detailed government budget
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
27
implementation
accountabilityODB.2013.D6Detailed data on government spend
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
28
implementation
accountabilityODB.2013.D7Company register
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
29
implementation
accountabilityODB.2013.D8Legislation
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
30
implementation
accountabilityODB.2013.D15National election results
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-100-
31
implementation
dataset_assessment
isOpenIs the dataset open?technical
Calculated from ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Secondaryboolean0 or 1
IF (cMachineReadable=1 AND dBulk=1 AND eFree=1 AND fLicense=1) THEN 1 ELSE 0
32
implementation
dataset_assessment
aExistsDoes the data exist?technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primaryboolean0 or 1=5
33
implementation
dataset_assessment
bAvailableIs it available online from government in any form?technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primaryboolean0 or 1=10
If a = No THEN 0 ELSE (IF b = Yes THEN 10 ELSE 0)
34
implementation
dataset_assessment
cMachineReadableIs the dataset provided in machine-readable and reusable formats?technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primaryboolean0 or 1=15
IF b = No THEN 0 ELSE (IF c = Yes THEN 15 ELSE 0)
35
implementation
dataset_assessment
dBulkIs the machine-readable and reusable data available as a whole?technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primaryboolean0 or 1=15
IF c = No THEN 0 ELSE (IF d = Yes THEN 15 ELSE 0)
36
implementation
dataset_assessment
eFreeIs the dataset available free of charge?technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primaryboolean0 or 1=15
IF c = No THEN 0 ELSE (IF e = Yes THEN 15 ELSE 0)
37
implementation
dataset_assessment
fLicenseIs the data openly licensed?technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primaryboolean0 or 1=15
IF c = No THEN 0 ELSE (IF f = Yes THEN 15 ELSE 0)
38
implementation
dataset_assessment
gUpdatedIs the dataset up to date?technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primaryboolean0=-5 or 1=10
IF g = No THEN -5 ELSE (IF(c = Yes AND g = YES THEN 10) ELSE 0)
39
implementation
dataset_assessment
hSustainableIs the dataset being kept regularly updated?technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primaryboolean0 or 1=5
IF c = No THEN 0 ELSE (IF h = Yes THEN 5 ELSE 0)
40
implementation
dataset_assessment
iDiscoverableWas it easy to find information about this dataset?technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primaryboolean0 or 1=5
IF c = No THEN 0 ELSE (IF i = Yes THEN 5 ELSE 0)
41
implementation
dataset_assessment
jLinkedAre data identifiers provided for key elements in the dataset?technical
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primaryboolean0 or 1=5
IF c = No THEN 0 ELSE (IF j = Yes then 5 ELSE 0)
42
impactpoliticalODB.2013.I.GOV
To what extent has open data had a noticeable impact on increasing government efficiency and effectiveness?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Open data could lead to improvements in government efficiency and effectiveness in a number of ways including: by enabling government departments to better plan and target resources; by allowing outside actors to scrutinise government use of resources and highlight areas for savings; by enabling outside actors to build new services on top of open data which deliver more effective public services; and by supporting collaboration between different government departments.

The score for this question is based upon an expert review of available online media and academic publications that attribute impacts of these forms explicitly to open data. The greater quantity, and the greater the credibility, of the materials identified, the higher the score given. Given the early stage of development of open data in most countries assessed, scores are preliminary, and should be used with care.
political
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
43
impactpoliticalODB.2013.I.ACCOUNT
To what extent has open data had a noticeable impact on increasing transparency and accountability in the country?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Open data could lead to improvements in government transparency and accountability in a number of ways including: through supporting journalism and data journalism which uncovers wasteful spending, corruption or other wrongdoing by government departments or officials; supporting the creation of applications which allow citizens to report on their experience of government services (for example, when a directory of schools or hospitals helps third-parties build a school or healthcare performance reporting application for citizens); supporting scrutiny of government decision making; and supporting greater citizen engagement in policy making.

The score for this question is based upon an expert review of available online media and academic publications that attribute impacts of these forms explicitly to open data. The greater quantity, and the greater the credibility, of the materials identified, the higher the score given. Given the early stage of development of open data in most countries assessed, scores are preliminary, and should be used with care.
political
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
44
impactsocialODB.2013.I.ENV
To what extent has open data had a noticeable impact on environmental sustainability in the country?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Open data could lead to impacts on environment sustainability in a number of ways including: through enabling greater scrutiny of pollution impacts or environmental impacts of government projects or private enterprise; through supporting greater attention to be paid to environmental factors in planning projects; through encouraging government buildings to make more efficient use of energy; through raising citizens awareness of their own environmental impacts; and through supporting campaigns on environmental issues.

The score for this question is based upon an expert review of available online media and academic publications that attribute impacts of these forms explicitly to open data, including both data published by government, and data published according to a government mandate (e.g. in cases of 'targeted transparency' mandates from government [Fung et. al. 2007]). The greater quantity, and the greater the credibility, of the materials identified, the higher the score given. Given the early stage of development of open data in most countries assessed, scores are preliminary, and should be used with care.

Fung, A., Graham, M., & Weil, D. (2007). Full Disclosure: The Perils and Promise of Transparency (1st ed., p. 300). Cambridge University Press.
social
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
45
impactsocialODB.2013.I.INC
To what extent has open data had a noticeable impact on increasing the inclusion of marginalised groups in policy making and accessing government services?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

All societies have certain groups who are marginalised. This may be on grounds of age, gender, race, tribe, caste, class, disability, geographic location, and levels of poverty. Whilst these groups are not prohibited by licenses or technical mechanisms from accessing and using open data, they may not always be able to have effective access to open data. It has been argued however that open data can lead to more inclusive policy making and government services.

This may happen through the direct use of open data by marginalised groups, or through the work of intermediary organisations who support marginalised groups to access and use data, or who use data to campaign for the greater inclusion of marginalised groups in decision making or in receiving the benefits of public services.

The score for this question is based upon an expert review of available online media and academic publications that attribute impacts of these forms explicitly to open data. The greater quantity, and the greater the credibility, of the materials identified, the higher the score given. Given the early stage of development of open data in most countries assessed, scores are preliminary, and should be used with care.
social
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
46
impacteconomicODB.2013.I.ECONTo what extent has open data had a noticeable positive impact on the economy?This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Open data may impact on the economy in a number of ways, including: through supporting the creation of new businesses based on open data; through supporting existing businesses to lower their costs or become more efficient (for example, using weather or tranport data to better plan their operations); and through supporting better economic planning.

The score for this question is based upon an expert review of available online media and academic publications that attribute impacts of these forms explicitly to open data. The greater quantity, and the greater the credibility, of the materials identified, the higher the score given. Given the early stage of development of open data in most countries assessed, scores are preliminary, and should be used with care.
economic
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
47
impacteconomicODB.2013.C.ENTR
To what extent are entrepreneurs successfully using open data to build new businesses in the country?
This question was asked in the 2016 peer-reviewed Open Data Barometer expert survey, with data covering the period to June 2016.

Open data can provide an input for entrepreneurs to innovate and create new products and services, and to build new businesses.

The score for this question is based upon an expert review of available online media and academic publications that attribute impacts of these forms explicitly to open data, including in this question, both open data from government, and open data from other sources (for example, crowdsourced data such as open street map). The greater quantity, and the greater the credibility, of the materials identified, the higher the score given. Given the early stage of development of open data in most countries assessed, scores are preliminary, and should be used with care.
economic
ODB Expert Survey 2016
http://opendatabarometer.org/
Web Foundation
http://webfoundation.org/
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Primary0-10-
48
reference_dataclassificationHDIHuman Development IndexThe HDI was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. The HDI can also be used to question national policy choices, asking how two countries with the same level of GNI per capita can end up with different human development outcomes. These contrasts can stimulate debate about government policy priorities.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and have a decent standard of living. The HDI is the geometric mean of normalized indices for each of the three dimensions.
social
UNDP Human Development Index
http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-index-hdi
http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2015_statistical_annex_tables_all.xls
United Nations Development Programme
http://hdr.undp.org/en
http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/copyright-and-terms-use
Secondary0-1
Very high: 0.800 and above
High: 0.700–0.799
Medium: 0.550–0.699
Low: Below 0.550
two-decimals
49
reference_dataclassificationWB.NY.GDP.PCAP.CDGDP per capita (current US$)GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.economic
WB World Development Indicators - GDP per capita (current US$)
http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD
World Bank
http://www.worldbank.org/
http://data.worldbank.org/summary-terms-of-use
Secondary-US$
50
reference_dataclassificationWB-country-and-lending-groupsCountry and Lending GroupsFor the current 2017 fiscal year, low-income economies are defined as those with a GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method, of $1,025 or less in 2015; lower middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita between $1,026 and $4,035; upper middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita between $4,036 and $12,475; high-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,476 or more.economic
WB World Development Indicators - Country and Lending Groups
http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/DATASTATISTICS/Resources/CLASS.XLS
World Bank
http://www.worldbank.org/
http://data.worldbank.org/summary-terms-of-use
Secondary-
low-income: GNI per capita of $1,025 or less in 2015
middle-income: GNI per capita of more than $1,026 but less than $12,475
lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $4,035
high-income: GNI per capita of $12,476 or more
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
Loading...