Open Source Software
Open Research Notebook
Intelligibility of data
Assessability of data
Usability of data
Acceleration of research
Post publication peer review
Means not end
E-infra/Internet/Digital format/Digital tech
Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods.
Opening Science, Sonke Bartling; Towards Another Scientific Revolution
Open Science refers to a scientific culture that is characterized by its openness. Scientists share results almost immediately and with a very wide audience.
Putting Open Science into Practice: A Social Dilemma?
Open science is the concept of making the whole research process as transparent and accessible as possible. Open science in its current form is based on digital technologies. Opening up the scientific process and making its results accessible to a wider audience plays an important role in disseminating knowledge on a global scale and providing not only scientists but also interested individuals with an insight into the current state of knowledge production (Cribb and Hartomo, 2010; Grand, et al., 2012).
An informal definition of Open Science, Michael Neilsen
Open science is the idea that scientific knowledge of all kinds should be openly shared as early as is practical in the discovery process.
Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship
Open science is the concept of opening up all aspects of scientific research, to allow others to follow the process and collaborate. There is no formal definition of open science, but it usually incorporates some of the aspects we looked at before, such as open access, open peer review, post-publication peer review, and open data.
White Paper: Open Science in a Digital Republic
Open Science is a new horizontal approach to access to scientific work and objectives, and to sharing of scientific results, as well as a new way of DOING science, by opening up its processes, codes. Open Science is therefore a change in perspective that can be compared with other earlier major stages, such as the advent of the telescope or the microscope. Open Science, a field that is far deeper than open access limited solely to publication, refers to all the different ways and means of enhancing scientific work offered by digital technologies.
Patent Pools and Genomics: Navigating a Course to Open Science
"Open science is a term loosely defined to refer to practices of transparency and sharing in science – practices which arguably advance both collegiality and the potential for research advances.
Towards Open Science: The myExperience Approach, Currency and Competition: Practice and Experience
Open Science is the process of opening up content (sharing research objects in controlled and appropriate ways) and opening up applications (sharing research objects and the functionality of their repositories with applications).
Open Science and Open Innovation: Sourcing Knowledge from Universities.
Open science means that research is conducted with the objective of publishing results openly.
Disclosure or Secrecy? The Economics of Open Science
Open Science is a dynamic system of knowledge production that depends on the disclosure of knowledge by researchers as an input into knowledge production by future researchers.
Open Science for the 21st Century: European Acadamies of Science
Open Science is the means to restore transparency and integrity to the scientific enterprise and envisages optimal sharing of research results and tools: publications, data, software, and educational resources. It will rely on advanced e-infrastructures that enable online research collaboration.
Tampere University of Technology
Open science and research (OSR) means objectives to promote open ways to operate in scientific research. OS includes publication of research results, research data and methods in a way that everyone can access and use them. Transparency, findability and reusability of research methods, research data and results .
OECD, Making Open Science a Reality
In this report, the term refers to efforts by researchers, governments, research funding agencies or the scientific community itself to make the primary outputs of publicly funded research results – publications and the research data – publicly accessible in digital format with no or minimal restriction as a means for accelerating research; these efforts are in the interest of enhancing transparency and collaboration, and fostering innovation. The report focuses on three main aspects of open science: open access, open research data, and open collaboration enabled through ICTs. Other aspects of open science – post-publication peer review, open research notebooks, open access to research materials, open source software, citizen science, and research crowdfunding are also part of the architecture of an “open science system”
Royal Society Science Policy Centre
Open science is defined here as open data (available, intelligible, assessable and useable data) combined with open access to scientific publications and effective communication of their contents.
Note: In this excel sheet, '1' indicates the presence and '0' indicates the absence of a variable in the definition.