|Governing Body||Agency||Type||No.||Year||Full Date||Date(s) Amended||Title (English)||Title (Russian)||ID||Synopsis||Relevace to Indigenous Peoples Rights||Synopsis Citation(s)||URL to Law||URL to Law (alt)||signatory?||date signed / ratified|
|Council of Europe||Secretary General of the Council of Europe|
European Court of Human Rights
|1950||4-Nov-1950||European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)|
formally: Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (adopted 4 November 1950, entered into force 3 September 1953). ETS 5; 213 UNTS 221.
[as amended by Protocols Nos. 11 and 14]
PARIS 20 March 1952
STRASBOURG 6 May 1963
STRASBOURG 6 May 1963
STRASBOURG 16 September 1963
STRASBOURG 20 January 1966
|Конвенция о защите прав человека и основных свобод|
(Рим, 4 ноября 1950 г.)
(с изменениями от 21 сентября 1970 г., 20 декабря 1971 г., 1 января, 6 ноября 1990 г., 11 мая 1994 г.)
ETS N 005
|The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms is an international treaty adopted by Council of Europe to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe. The Convention established the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), which can be accessed by any person who feels his or her rights under the Convention have been violated by a state party; the Court is monitored by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe.|
The Convention has several protocols, which amend the convention framework.
All Council of Europe member states are party to the Convention and new members are expected to ratify the convention at the earliest opportunity.
|Article 11 of the European Convention protects the rights of individuals to freedom of assembly and association. The Convention also establishes the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). Any person who feels his or her rights have been violated under the Convention by a state party can take a case to the Court. Judgements finding violations are binding on the States concerned and they are obliged to execute them||General Synopsis:|
* Resolution 1031 (1994) on the honouring of commitments entered into by member states when joining the Council of Europe.
|Council of Europe||1995||1-Feb-1995||Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM)||Рамочная Конвенция о Защите Национальных Меньшинств||The broad aims of the Convention are to ensure that the signatory states respect the rights of national minorities, undertaking to combat discrimination, promote equality, preserve and develop the culture and identity of national minorities, guarantee certain freedoms in relation to access to the media, minority languages and education and encourage the participation of national minorities in public life.|
Article 25 of the Framework Convention binds the member states to submit a report to the Council of Europe containing "full information on the legislative and other measures taken to give effect to the principles set out in this framework Convention" (Council of Europe, 1994, 7).
The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities defines a national minority implicitly to include minorities possessing a territorial identity and a distinct cultural heritage.
|Council of Europe||2007||2-May-2007||Resolution CM/ResCMN(2007)7 on the Implementation of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities by the Russian Federation (adopted 2 May 2007).||Резолюции Комитета министров Совета Европы от 2 мая|
2007 г. СМ/ResCM№(2007)7 о выполнении Российской Федерацией Рамочной конвенции о защите национальных меньшинств
|CM/ResCMN(2007)7||The Council of Europe recommends in this review, that the Russian Federation strengthen their anti-minority discrimination efforts and bolster its efforts to preserve and empower minority cultures.||General Synopsis:|
|https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc.jsp?id=1126345&Site=CM||Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 2 May 2007|
at the 994th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies
|Council of Europe||Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities||2008||Council of Europe Advisory Committee on the FCNM. Commentary on the Effective Participation of Persons belonging to National Minorities in Cultural, Social and Economic Life and in Public Affairs. ACFC/31DOC(2008)001.||ACFC/31DOC(2008)001||General Synopsis:|
|ILO||Director-General of the International Labour Office||1930||28-Jun-1930||C 29: Forced Labour ||Конвенция 29: Конвенция о принудительном или обязательном труде||C029||One of eight ‘fundamental’ ILO conventions.|
The convention of defines forced labour as 'all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily'.
|Convention 29 contains provisions for community consultation, disclosure, and grievance redress:|
• Article 2e states that communities, or their direct representatives, must be first consulted about the necessity of a particular community service before being compelled and obligated to perform that community service.
• Article 23 stipulates that any person from whom forced or compulsory labour is exacted must be allowed to forward to the authorities all complaints relative to labour conditions. Labour Regulations must be in place to ensure that such complaints are examined and taken into consideration.
• Article 24 mandates that any authorities, who are extracting forced or compulsory labour, must notify the labourers of all the regulations governing the lawful extraction of forced or compulsory labour.
|http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312174:NO||yes||Russian Federation 23 Jun 1956 In Force|
|ILO||Director-General of the International Labour Office||1958||25-Jun-1958||C 111: Convention concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation|
or Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) 
(Entry into force: 15 Jun 1960)
Adoption: Geneva, 42nd ILC session (25 Jun 1958) - Status: Up-to-date instrument (Fundamental Convention).
|Конвенция N 111: ОТНОСИТЕЛЬНО ДИСКРИМИНАЦИИ В ОБЛАСТИ ТРУДА И ЗАНЯТИЙ|
(Женева, 25 июня 1958 года)
|C111||One of eight ‘fundamental’ ILO conventions.|
The convention requires states to enable legislation which prohibits all discrimination and exclusion on any basis including of race, colour, sex religion, political opinion, national or social origin in employment and repeal legislation that is not based on equal opportunities.
|Convention 111 contains provisions for community consultation, disclosure, and grievance redress:|
• Article 3 requires state parties to seek both employer and worker cooperation in promoting the acceptance and observance of the convention’s anti-discrimination employment policy. It obligates states to “enact legislation and promote such educational programmes as may be calculated to secure the acceptance and observance of the policy.”
• Article 5 specifies that measures designed for the special protection of vulnerable populations shall not be deemed as discrimination, and enables state parties to establish such measures in consultation with representative employers’ and workers’ organisations
|http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312256:NO||yes||Russian Federation 04 May 1961 In Force|
|ILO||Director-General of the International Labour Office||1973||26-Jun-1973||C 138: Minimum Age |
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment (Entry into force: 19 Jun 1976)
Adoption: Geneva, 58th ILC session (26 Jun 1973) - Status: Up-to-date instrument (Fundamental Convention).
|Конвенция N 138: О МИНИМАЛЬНОМ ВОЗРАСТЕ ДЛЯ ПРИЕМА НА РАБОТУ|
(Женева, 26 июня 1973 года)
|C138||One of eight ‘fundamental’ ILO conventions.|
The convention requires ratifying states to pursue a national policy designed to ensure the effective abolition of child labour and to raise progressively the minimum age for admission to employment or work. It replaces several similar ILO conventions in specific fields of labour.
|Convention 138 contains provisions for public consultation and disclosure:|
• Article 2 (para. 4) stipulates that state parties whose economy and educational facilities are insufficiently developed may initially specify a minimum working age of 14 years only after consultation with the organisations of employers and workers concerned
• Article 3 (paras. 1-3) requires regulating authorities to consult with concerned employer and worker organisations when determining types of employment likely to jeopardise the health, safety or morals of young persons. These types of employment require a minimum working age of either 16 or 18 years, depending
• Article 5 requires state parties whose economy and administrative facilities are insufficiently developed to publically consult with concerned employer and worker organisations should they wish to initially limit the scope of application of this convention.
• Article 8 stipulates that only after consultation with the organisations of employers and workers concerned may a competent authority, by permits granted in individual cases, allow exceptions to the prohibition of employment or work outlined within this convention for such purposes as participation in artistic performances.
• Article 9 (para. 3) requires state parties to enact national laws or regulations that require employers to keep and make available a register of all employees under 18 years of age that contains their names and ages.
Minimum age specified: 16 years
03 May 1979 In Force
|ILO||1989||27-Jun-1989||C169 - Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No. 169)|
Convention concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries (Entry into force: 05 Sep 1991)
Adoption: Geneva, 76th ILC session (27 Jun 1989) - Status: Up-to-date instrument (Technical Convention).
|Конвенция о коренных народах и народах, ведущих племенной образ жизни в независимых странах [Конвенция 169]|
Принята 27 июня 1989 года Генеральной конференцией Международной организации труда на ее семьдесят шестой сессии
|C169||The ILO Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention was the first international convention to address the specific needs for Indigenous Peoples' human rights, and a forerunner of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. It remains the most important operative international law guaranteeing the rights of Indigenous Peoples.|
The Convention outlines the responsibilities of governments in promoting and protecting the human rights of Indigenous Peoples. The strength of the Convention is dependent on a high number of ratifications among nations.
|Revising Convention 107, C169 affirmed that integrationist and assimilationist approaches to Indigenous Peoples are no longer acceptable doctrines for the governments to pursue. Rather, Indigenous Peoples should hold the right to choose to integrate or maintain their cultural and political integrity. Articles 8–10 recognize the cultures, traditions, and special circumstances of indigenous tribal peoples.|
The convention is made of a Preamble, followed by forty-four articles, divided in ten parts. These are:
Part I. General Policy
Part II. Land
Part III. Recruitment And Conditions Of Employment
Part IV. Vocational Training, Handicrafts And Rural Industries
Part V. Social Security And Health
Part VI. Education And Means Of Communication
Part VII. Contacts And Co-operation Across Borders
Part VIII. Administration
Part IX. General Provisions
Part X. Final Provisions
In Article 6, the Convention provides a guideline as to how consultation with indigenous and tribal peoples should be conducted: Consultation with indigenous peoples should be undertaken through appropriate procedures, in good faith, and through the representative institutions of these peoples; The peoples involved should have the opportunity to participate freely at all levels in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of measures and programmes that affect them directly;
Article 7 of Convention No. 169 states that indigenous and tribal peoples have the right to “decide their own priorities for the process of development as it affects their lives, beliefs, institutions and spiritual well-being and the lands they occupy or otherwise use, and to exercise control over their economic, social and cultural development”.
Articles 8–10 recognize the cultures, traditions, and special circumstances of indigenous tribal peoples.
Article 14 states that the rights of ownership and possession of the peoples concerned over the lands which they traditionally occupy shall be recognised; governments shall take steps to identify these lands, and guarantee effective protection of the people's rights; and adequate procedures shall be established within the national legal system to resolve land claims by the peoples concerned.
|ILO||Director-General of the International Labour Office||1999||17-Jun-1999||C182 - Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)|
Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (Entry into force: 19 Nov 2000)
Adoption: Geneva, 87th ILC session (17 Jun 1999) - Status: Up-to-date instrument (Fundamental Convention).
|Конвенция о запрещении и немедленных мерах по искоренению наихудших форм детского труда [Конвенция 182]|
Принята на 87-й сессии Генеральной конференции Международной организации труда, Женева, 1 июня 1999 года
|C182||One of eight ‘fundamental’ ILO conventions.|
By ratifying this Convention No. 182, a country commits itself to taking immediate action to prohibit and eliminate the "worst forms of child labour", which are predefined as:
* all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as
- the sale of a child;
- trafficking of children, meaning the recruitment of children to do work far away from home and from the care of their families, in circumstances within which they are exploited;
- debt bondage or any other form of bonded labour or serfdom;
- forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict;
* Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC), including the use, procuring or offering of a child for:
- prostitution, or
- the production of pornography or for pornographic performances;
* use, procuring or offering of a child by others for illegal activities, also known as children used by adults in the commission of crime (CUBAC), including the trafficking or production of drugs
* work by its nature that is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children
NOTE: The last category of worst form of child labour is work which by its nature or the circumstances is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children, or Worst Form Hazards faced by Children at Work. Here the Convention recommended that the circumstances should be determined in consultation with organisations of employers and workers within a specific country. The Convention recommends that programmes of action should attend specifically to younger children, the girl child, hidden work situation in which girls are at special risk, and other groups of children with special vulnerabilities or needs. Worst Forms of Child Labour Recommendation No 190 contains recommendations on the types of hazards that should be considered to be included within a country-based definition of worst form hazards.
|Convention 182 contains provisions for community consultation:|
• Article 4 (paras. 1-3) requires state parties to consult with concerned organisations of employers when determining and reviewing types of work that by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children, taking into consideration relevant international standards and particularly paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Worst Forms of Child Labour Recommendation, 1999.
• Article 5 Each Member shall, after consultation with employers' and workers' organisations, establish or designate appropriate mechanisms to monitor the implementation of the provisions giving effect to this Convention.
• Article 6 (paras. 2) Requires that programmes of action to eliminate as a priority the worst forms of child labour shall be designed and implemented in consultation with relevant government institutions and employers' and workers' organisations, taking into consideration the views of other concerned groups as appropriate.
|http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=1000:12100:0::NO::P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312327||http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/convention182.shtml||yes||Russian Federation 25 Mar 2003 In Force|
|United Nations||1948||9-Dec-1948||Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Paris, 9 December 1948||Конвенция о предупреждении преступления геноцида и наказании за него|
Принята резолюцией 260 (III) Генеральной Ассамблеи ООН от 9 декабря 1948 года
|The Convention defines genocide in legal terms. It was passed to outlaw actions similar to the Holocaust by Nazi Germany during World War II.||Genocide means any of the following acts which have the intention of destroying, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group: “killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent birth within the group; forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.” (Article 2)||General Synopsis:|
|http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/genocide.shtml||yes||16 Dec 1949; |
3 May 1954
|United Nations||General Assembly||1948||10-Dec-1948||Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)||Всеобщая декларация прав человека|
Принята резолюцией 217 А (III) Генеральной Ассамблеи ООН от 10 декабря 1948 года
|The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, while not a treaty itself, was explicitly adopted for the purpose of defining the meaning of the words "fundamental freedoms" and "human rights" appearing in the United Nations Charter, which is binding on all member states and for this reason the Universal Declaration is a fundamental constitutive document of the United Nations. It is part of the International Bill of Human Rights, which consists of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two Optional Protocols. |
The Universal Declaration was adopted by the General Assembly on 10 December 1948 by a vote of 48 in favour, 0 against, with eight abstentions: the USSR, Ukrainian SSR, Byelorussian SSR, Yugoslavia, Poland, South Africa, Czechoslovakia and Saudi Arabia.
After the Covenants had been ratified by a sufficient number of individual nations (in 1976), the International Bill of Human Rights took on the force of international law.
|The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the first international document that states that all human beings are “equal in dignity and rights.” (Article 1) Everybody is entitled to the rights in the Declaration, “without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.” (Article 2)||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||General Assembly|
Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD)
|1966||7-Mar-1966||Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination|
Adopted by General Assembly resolution 2106 (XX) of 21 December 1965
Opened for signature at New York on 7 March 1966
Entered in force 4 January 1969
|Международная конвенция о ликвидации всех форм расовой дискриминации|
Принята резолюцией 2106 (XX) Генеральной Ассамблеи от 21 декабря 1965 года
|660 UNTS 195, 5 ILM 32.||The UN International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) is a second-generation human rights instrument that commits its signatories to the elimination of racial discrimination and the promotion of understanding among all races. |
The Convention commits its parties to the elimination of racial discrimination and the promotion of understanding among all races. Specific articles within the convention require states to condemn apartheid, promote tolerance, prohibit incitement of racially motivated violence, and prevent discrimination.
|“Racial discrimination” is defined as “any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.” (Article 1)||General Synopsis:|
|http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/raceconv.shtml||yes|| 7 Mar 1966 |
4 Feb 1969
|United Nations||General Assembly||1966||16-Dec-1966||International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. |
Adopted: New York, 16 December 1966
Entered into force 23 March 1976.
|Международный пакт об экономических, социальных и культурных правах|
Принят резолюцией 2200 А (XXI) Генеральной Ассамблеи от 16 декабря 1966 года
|999 UNTS 302, 6 ILM 368.||The Convenant commits its parties to respect the civil and political rights of individuals, including the right to life, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, electoral rights and rights to due process and a fair trial. The ICCPR is part of the International Bill of Human Rights.|
This Covenant outlines the basic civil and political rights of individuals. There are also provisions for collective rights. “In those States in which ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities exist, persons belonging to such minorities shall not be denied the right, in community with the other members of their group, to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practice their own religion, or to use their own language.” (Article 27)
|This Covenant describes the basic economic, social, and cultural rights of individuals. It also has provisions for collective rights.||General Synopsis:|
|yes||18 Mar 1968 |
16 Oct 1973
|United Nations||1966||Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. New York, 16 December 1966||General Synopsis:|
|yes||1 Oct 1991 a|
|United Nations||General Assembly||1968||26-Nov-1968||Convention on the non-applicability of statutory limitations to war crimes and crimes against humanity. New York, 26 November 1968|
Entry into force into force on 11 November 1970.
|Конвенция о неприменимости срока давности к военным преступлениям и преступлениям против человечества|
Принята резолюцией 2391 (XXIII) Генеральной Ассамблеи ООН от 26 ноября 1968 года
|2391 (XXIII)||The Convention provides that no signatory state may apply statutory limitations to:|
* War crimes as they are defined in the Charter of the Nürnberg International Military Tribunal of 8 August 1945.
* Crimes against humanity, whether committed in time of war or in time of peace, as defined in the Charter of the Nürnberg International Military Tribunal, eviction by armed attack or occupation, inhuman acts resulting from the policy of apartheid, and the crime of genocide as defined in the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
|http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/warcrimes_limit.shtml||yes||6 Jan 1969 |
22 Apr 1969
|United Nations||General Assembly||1973||30-Nov-1973||International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid. New York, 30 November 1973||Международная конвенция о пресечении преступления апартеида и наказании за него|
Принята резолюцией 3068 (XXVIII) Генеральной Ассамблеи ООН от 30 ноября 1973 года
|3068 (XXVIII)||General Synopsis:|
|http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/apartheid1973.shtml||yes||12 Feb 1974 |
26 Nov 1975
|United Nations||General Assembly||1979||18-Dec-1979||Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. (CEDAW) |
New York, 18 December 1979
Entry into force: 3 September 1981, in accordance with article 27(1).
|Конвенция о ликвидации всех форм дискриминации в отношении женщин|
Принята резолюцией 34/180 Генеральной Ассамблеи от 18 декабря 1979 года
|A/RES/34/180||Described as an international bill of rights for women. Over fifty countries that have ratified the Convention have done so subject to certain declarations, reservations, and objections, including 38 countries who rejected the enforcement article (29).|
The Convention defines discrimination against women in the following terms:
Any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.
It also establishes an agenda of action for putting an end to sex-based discrimination:
States must take measures to seek to eliminate prejudices and customs based on the idea of the inferiority or the superiority of one sex or on stereotyped role for men and women.
States ratifying the Convention are required to enshrine gender equality into their domestic legislation, repeal all discriminatory provisions in their laws, and enact new provisions to guard against discrimination against women. However, special protection for maternity is not regarded as gender discrimination (Article 4). Appropriate measures, including legislation, to suppress all forms of trafficking in women and forced prostitution are also not regarded as gender discrimination (Article 6). Equal opportunity in education for female students is required, and coeducation is encouraged. (Article 10). States ratifying the Convention must also establish tribunals and public institutions to guarantee women effective protection against discrimination, and take steps to eliminate all forms of discrimination practiced against women by individuals, organizations, and enterprises (Article 2,(e)).
|http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-8&chapter=4&lang=en||http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/cedaw.shtml||yes||17 Jul 1980 |
3 Jan 1981
|United Nations||1984||10-Dec-1984||Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. New York, 10 December 1984|
Entry into force: 26 June 1987, in accordance with article 27(1). 1
|Конвенция против пыток и других жестоких, бесчеловечных или унижающих достоинство видов обращения и наказания|
Принята резолюцией 39/46 Генеральной Ассамблеи от 10 декабря 1984 года
|A/RES/39/46||The Convention requires states to take effective measures to prevent torture within their borders, and forbids states to transport people to any country where there is reason to believe they will be tortured.|
The Covenant follows the structure of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), with a preamble and 33 articles, divided into three parts:
Part I (Articles 1–16) defines torture (Article 1), and commits parties to taking effective measures to prevent any act of torture in any territory under their jurisdiction (Article 2). These include ensuring that torture is a criminal offense (Article 4), establishing jurisdiction over acts of torture committed by or against a party's citizens (Article 5), ensuring that torture is an extraditable offense (Article 8), and establishing universal jurisdiction to try cases of torture where an alleged torturer cannot be extradited (Article 5). Parties must promptly investigate any allegation of torture (Articles 12 and 13), and victims of torture must have an enforceable right to compensation (Article 14). Parties must also ban the use of evidence produced by torture in their courts (Article 15), and are barred from deporting, extraditing or refouling people where there are substantial grounds for believing they will be tortured (Article 3).
Parties are also obliged to prevent other acts of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, and to investigate any allegation of such treatment within their jurisdiction (Article 16).
Part II (articles 17 – 24) governs reporting and monitoring of the Convention and the steps taken by the parties to implement it. It establishes the Committee against Torture (Article 17), and empowers it to investigate allegations of systematic torture (Article 20). It also establishes an optional dispute-resolution mechanism between parties (Articles 21) and allows parties to recognize the competence of the Committee to hear complaints from individuals about violations of the Convention by a party (Article 22).
Part III (Articles 25 – 33) governs ratification, entry into force, and amendment of the Convention. It also includes an optional arbitration mechanism for disputes between parties (Article 30).
|http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-9&chapter=4&lang=en||http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/torture.shtml||yes||10 Dec 1985 |
3 Mar 1987
|United Nations||General Assembly||1985||10-Dec-1985||International Convention against Apartheid in Sports. New York, 10 December 1985|
Entry into force: 3 April 1988, in accordance with article 18(1)
|Международная конвенция против апартеида в спорте|
Принята резолюцией 40/64 Генеральной Ассамблеи от 10 декабря 1985 года
|http://treaties.un.org/pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-10&chapter=4&lang=en||http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/apartheid_in_sports.shtml||yes||16 May 1986 |
11 Jun 1987
|United Nations||1989||20-Nov-1989||Convention on the Rights of the Child. New York, 20 November 1989||Конвенция о правах ребенка|
Принята резолюцией 44/25 Генеральной Ассамблеи от 20 ноября 1989 года
|A/RES/44/25||The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (commonly abbreviated as the CRC, CROC, or UNCRC) is a human rights treaty setting out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. The Convention defines a child as any human being under the age of eighteen, unless under states own domestic legislation majority is attained earlier.|
Nations that ratify this convention are bound to it by international law. Compliance is monitored by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, which is composed of members from countries around the world. Once a year, the Committee submits a report to the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly, which also hears a statement from the CRC Chair, and the Assembly adopts a Resolution on the Rights of the Child.
Governments of countries that have ratified the Convention are required to report to, and appear before, the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child periodically to be examined on their progress with regards to the advancement of the implementation of the Convention and the status of child rights in their country. Their reports and the committee's written views and concerns are available on the committee's website.
Two optional protocols were adopted on 25 May 2000. The First Optional Protocol restricts the involvement of children in military conflicts, and the Second Optional Protocol prohibits the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography. Both protocols have been ratified by more than 140 states.
|The Convention contains regulations and suggestions relevant to Indigenous Peoples on the non-discrimination of children (Article 2), the broadcasting of information by the mass media in minority languages (Article 17), the right to education, including education on human rights, its own cultural identity, language and values. (Article 29) Article 30 states that children of minorities or indigenous origin shall not be denied the right to their own culture, religion or language. (Article 30)||General Synopsis:|
|http://treaties.un.org/pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-11&chapter=4&lang=en||http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/childcon.shtml/||yes||26 Jan 1990 |
16 Aug 1990
|United Nations||1989||15-Dec-1989||Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty. New York, 15 December 1989||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||1990||18-Dec-1990||International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families. New York, 18 December 1990|
Entry into force: 1 July 2003, in accordance with article 87(1)
|Международная конвенция о защите прав всех трудящихся-мигрантов и членов их семей|
Принята резолюцией 45/158 Генеральной Ассамблеи от 18 декабря 1990 года
|A/RES/45/158||The Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW) monitors implementation of the convention, and is one of the seven UN-linked Human rights treaty bodies.|
The United Nations Convention constitutes a comprehensive international treaty regarding the protection of migrant workers’ rights. It emphasizes the connection between migration and human rights, which is increasingly becoming a crucial policy topic worldwide. The Convention aims at protecting migrant workers and members of their families; its existence sets a moral standard, and serves as a guide and stimulus for the promotion of migrant rights in each country.
At the Preamble the Convention recalls conventions by International Labour Organisation on migrant workers: Migration for Employment Convention (Revised), 1949, Migrant Workers (Supplementary Provisions) Convention, 1975 and on forced labour; Forced Labour Convention and Abolition of Forced Labour Convention as well as international human rights treaties.
The primary objective of the Convention is to foster respect for migrants’ human rights. Migrants are not only workers, they are also human beings. The Convention does not create new rights for migrants but aims at guaranteeing equality of treatment, and the same working conditions for migrants and nationals. The Convention innovates because it relies on the fundamental notion that all migrants should have access to a minimum degree of protection. The Convention recognizes that legal migrants have the legitimacy to claim more rights than undocumented migrants, but it stresses that undocumented migrants must see their fundamental human rights respected, like all human beings.
In the meantime, the Convention proposes that actions be taken to eradicate clandestine movements, notably through the fight against misleading information inciting people to migrate irregularly, and through sanctions against traffickers and employers of undocumented migrants.
Article 7 of this Convention protects the rights of migrant workers and their families regardless of "sex, race, colour, language, religion or conviction, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, nationality, age, economic position, property, marital status, birth, or other status".
This Convention is also recalled by the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities at the Preamble.
|United Nations||General Assembly||1992||UN Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National, Ethnic, Religious, and Linguistic Minorities (adopted 18 December 1992). UN Doc. A/RES/47/135.||Декларация о правах лиц, принадлежащих к национальным или этническим, религиозным и языковым меньшинствам|
Принята резолюцией 47/135 Генеральной Ассамблеи от 18 декабря 1992 года
|A/RES/47/135||This declaration establishes the rights of indigenous peoples to form associations, in an effort to preserve and promote their cultural practices and heritage.|
This Declaration deals with all minorities, which includes many of the world’s Indigenous Peoples. It only concerns individual rights, although collective rights might be derived from those individual rights. The Declaration deals both with states’ obligations towards minorities as well as the rights of minority people. Topics that are dealt with include the national or ethnic, cultural, religious or linguistic identity of minorities (Article 1); the free expression and development of culture; association of minorities amongst themselves; participation in decisions regarding the minority (Article 2); the exercise of minority rights, both individual and in groups (Article 3); and education of and about minorities. (Article 4)
|United Nations||1992||Amendment to article 8 of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. New York, 15 January 1992||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||1992||Amendments to articles 17 (7) and 18 (5) of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment . New York, 8 September 1992||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||1992||Agreement establishing the Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean. Madrid, 24 July 1992||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||1992||Rio Declaration of Environment and Development and Agenda 21 (1992)||Рио-де-Жанейрская декларация по окружающей среде и развитию|
Принята Конференцией ООН по окружающей среде и развитию, Рио-де-Жанейро, 3–14 июня 1992 года
|These two documents are connected to the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. In them, the special relationship between Indigenous Peoples and their lands is acknowledged. Indigenous Peoples have a vital role in environmental management and development because of their traditional knowledge and practices. (Rio Declaration, Principle 22) In order to fully make use of that knowledge, some Indigenous Peoples might need greater control over their land, self-management of their resources and participation in development decisions affecting them. (Agenda 21, Chapter 26.4)||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||1992||Rio Declaration of Environment and Development||Рио-де-Жанейрская декларация по окружающей среде и развитию|
Принята Конференцией ООН по окружающей среде и развитию, Рио-де-Жанейро, 3–14 июня 1992 года
|The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, often shortened to Rio Declaration, was a short document produced at the 1992 United Nations "Conference on Environment and Development" (UNCED), informally known as the Earth Summit. The Rio Declaration consisted of 27 principles intended to guide future sustainable development around the world.|
Some of the principles contained in the Rio Declaration may be regarded as third generation rights by European law scholars.
he 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development defines the rights of the people to be involved in the development of their economies, and the responsibilities of human beings to safeguard the common environment. The declaration builds upon the basic ideas concerning the attitudes of individuals and nations towards the environment and development, first identified at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (1972).
The Rio Declaration states that long term economic progress is only ensured if it is linked with the protection of the environment. If this is to be achieved, then nations must establish a new global partnership involving governments, their people and the key sectors of society. Together human society must assemble international agreements that protect the global environment with responsible development.
There are a number of principles to the Rio Declaration.
People are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature.
Development today must not threaten the needs of present and future generations.
Nations have the right to exploit their own resources, but without causing environmental damage beyond their borders.
Environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of the development process.
Eradicating poverty and reducing disparities in living standards in different parts of the world are essential if we are to achieve sustainable development whilst meeting the needs of the majority of the people.
Environmental issues are best handled with the participation of all concerned citizens.
The polluter should, in principle, bear the cost of pollution.
Sustainable development requires better scientific understanding of the problems. Nations should share knowledge and technologies to achieve the goal of sustainability.
|These two documents are connected to the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. In them, the special relationship between Indigenous Peoples and their lands is acknowledged. Indigenous Peoples have a vital role in environmental management and development because of their traditional knowledge and practices. (Rio Declaration, Principle 22) In order to fully make use of that knowledge, some Indigenous Peoples might need greater control over their land, self-management of their resources and participation in development decisions affecting them. (Agenda 21, Chapter 26.4)||General Synopsis:|
|Agenda 21||Повестка дня на XXI век|
Принята Конференцией ООН по окружающей среде и развитию, Рио-де-Жанейро, 3–14 июня 1992 года
|Agenda 21 is a non-binding and voluntarily implemented action plan of the United Nations (UN) related to sustainable development. It was a core work product from the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. Succinctly, Agenda 21 is a comprehensive blueprint of action to be taken globally, nationally, and locally by organizations of the UN, governments, and major groups in every area in which humans directly affect the environment. The "21" in Agenda 21 refers to 21st Century. The blueprint has been affirmed and modified at subsequent UN conferences.|
Agenda 21 is a comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations System, Governments, and Major Groups in every area in which human impacts on the environment.
Agenda 21, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, and the Statement of principles for the Sustainable Management of Forests were adopted by more than 178 Governments at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janerio, Brazil, 3 to 14 June 1992.
The Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) was created in December 1992 to ensure effective follow-up of UNCED, to monitor and report on implementation of the agreements at the local, national, regional and international levels. It was agreed that a five year review of Earth Summit progress would be made in 1997 by the United Nations General Assembly meeting in special session.
The full implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the Commitments to the Rio principles, were strongly reaffirmed at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in Johannesburg, South Africa from 26 August to 4 September 2002.
|United Nations||1992||5-Jun-1992||Convention on Biological Diversity (1992)||Конвенция о биологическом разнообразии||The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is an international legally binding treaty. The Convention has three main goals:|
conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity);
sustainable use of its components; and
fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources
In other words, its objective is to develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. It is often seen as the key document regarding sustainable development.
The convention recognized for the first time in international law that the conservation of biological diversity is "a common concern of humankind" and is an integral part of the development process. The agreement covers all ecosystems, species, and genetic resources. It links traditional conservation efforts to the economic goal of using biological resources sustainably. It sets principles for the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources, notably those destined for commercial use. It also covers the rapidly expanding field of biotechnology through its Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, addressing technology development and transfer, benefit-sharing and biosafety issues. Importantly, the Convention is legally binding; countries that join it ('Parties') are obliged to implement its provisions.
The convention reminds decision-makers that natural resources are not infinite and sets out a philosophy of sustainable use. While past conservation efforts were aimed at protecting particular species and habitats, the Convention recognizes that ecosystems, species and genes must be used for the benefit of humans. However, this should be done in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of biological diversity.
The convention also offers decision-makers guidance based on the precautionary principle that where there is a threat of significant reduction or loss of biological diversity, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing measures to avoid or minimize such a threat. The Convention acknowledges that substantial investments are required to conserve biological diversity. It argues, however, that conservation will bring us significant environmental, economic and social benefits in return.
The Convention on Biological Diversity of 2010 would ban some forms of geoengineering.
|The Convention calls upon its signatories to “respect, preserve and maintain knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and promote their wider application with the approval and involvement of the holders of such knowledge, innovations and practices and encourage the equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of such knowledge, innovations and practices;” (Article 8(j))|
Within the convention are passages relating to community consultation and participation—principal among which is Article 8(j) [In-situ Conservation] which specifies that, subject to national legislation, party states must:
“respect, preserve and maintain knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and promote their wider application with the approval and involvement of the holders of such knowledge, innovations and practices and encourage the equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilisation of such knowledge, innovations and practices”.
This article carries with it the implicit requirement that the biodiversity conservation practices of indigenous and local communities need to be consulted and studied. Indigenous participation is critical not only in regards to gathering this information, but for determining equitable recompense for the benefits accrued from the utilisation of indigenous knowledge.
In addition to the CBD itself, the Decisions of the Conference of Parties (COP) must also be taken into account as they relate to disclosure and consultation.
The Fifth Conference of Parties reaffirmed the necessity for Indigenous Peoples participation in the development of guidelines for benefits sharing and emphasised that women and women’s organisation must also be fully incorporated in the consultation process and given full access to participation. The Fifth Conference of Parties also mandates use of various mediums of communications should be used to most effectively reach, inform, and include the view and concerns of target indigenous populations, and states that Indigenous People should be engaged to develop a register of knowledge on traditional practices and lifestyles relevant to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity—including about ways to strengthen legislation, customary practices and traditional systems of resource management and methods of protecting their knowledge against unauthorised use. It requires that women’s knowledge be of conservation and methods of sustaining biological diversity be specially documented and preserved. Finally, the Fifth Conference of Parties states that Indigenous Peoples and local communities must be consulted and encouraged to participate in the development of cultural, environmental and social impact assessments regarding any development proposed to take place on sacred sites and on lands or waters occupied or used by indigenous and local communities.
Decision V/16, Annex: Programme of Work, 1 General Principles 5, 139–42; Available at:
|United Nations||General Assembly||1993||Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (1993)||Венская декларация и Программа действий||The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, also known as VDPA, is a human rights declaration adopted by consensus at the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993 in Vienna, Austria. The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights was created by this Declaration endorsed by General Assembly Resolution 48/121.|
The VDPA reaffirmed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the United Nations Charter. Its Preamble states "The World Conference on Human Rights, Considering that the promotion and protection of human rights is a matter of priority for the international community, and that the Conference affords a unique opportunity to carry out a comprehensive analysis of the international human rights system and of the machinery for the protection of human rights, in order to enhance and thus promote a fuller observance of those rights, in a just and balanced manner."
The Preamble also states: "Invoking the spirit of our age and the realities of our time which call upon the peoples of the world and all States Members of the United Nations to rededicate themselves to the global task of promoting and protecting all human rights and fundamental freedoms so as to secure full and universal enjoyment of these rights,"
And the VDPA seeks to reaffirm human rights as universal and relevant standard. The Preamble states: "Emphasizing that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which constitutes a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, is the source of inspiration and has been the basis for the United Nations in making advances in standard setting as contained in the existing international human rights instruments, in particular the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights."
|The Vienna Declaration is the closing declaration of the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights held in Austria. It “recognizes the inherent dignity and the unique contribution of indigenous people [sic] to the development and plurality of society and strongly reaffirms the commitment of the international community to their economic, social and cultural well-being.” (I.20)|
Furthermore, the declaration called for the completion of the draft Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the renewal and updating of the mandate of the Working Group on Indigenous Populations and the proclamation of the International Decade of Indigenous Peoples. (II.28 – 32)
|United Nations||1995||Amendment to article 20, paragraph 1 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. New York, 22 December 1995||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||1995||Amendment to article 43 (2) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. New York, 12 December 1995||General Synopsis:|
|yes||1 May 1998 A|
|United Nations||Human Rights Committee||1996||UN Human Rights Committee, General Comment 25, The Right to Participate in Public Affairs, Voting Rights and the Right of Equal Access to Public Service (Art. 25), 1996. UN Doc. CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.7.||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.7||General Comment 25 of the Human Rights Committee suggests several participatory modes, in which indigenous peoples can influence decision-making processes concerning their land rights. Specific suggestions include that citizens take part in the conduct of public affairs by exerting influence through public debate and dialogue with their representatives, through their capacity to organize themselves, and by exercising power as members of legislative bodies or by holding executive office.||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||Committee on the Rights of the Child||1999||UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. Concluding observations on the Russian Federation, 23 September, 1999. UN Doc. CRC CRC/C/90.||CRC CRC/C/90||The concluding observations of the Committee note the 1996 (Russian) Federal National Cultural Autonomy Act and programmes designed to provide support to minorities, but express the Committee's concern at the living conditions of ethnic minorities, especially in the north, and their access to health, educational and other social services. The Committee is also concerned at the growing incidence of societal discrimination against children belonging to ethnic minorities. The review also includes the committee's recommendation that the State party take all necessary measures to protect minority children from discrimination and to guarantee their full access to educational, health and other social services. ||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||1999||Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. New York, 6 October 1999||The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women is a side-agreement to the Convention which allows its parties to recognise the competence of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women to consider complaints from individuals.|
The Optional Protocol was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 6 October 1999 and entered into force on 22 December 2000. Currently it has 79 signatories and 104 parties.
|yes|| 8 May 2001 |
28 Jul 2004
|United Nations||2000||Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict. New York, 25 May 2000||The First Optional Protocol restricts the involvement of children in military conflicts|
The first, the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, requires governments to ensure that children under the age of eighteen are not recruited compulsorily into their armed forces, and calls on governments to do everything feasible to ensure that members of their armed forces who are under eighteen years of age do not take part in hostilities. This protocol entered into force on 12 July 2002; currently, 147 states are party to the protocol and another 22 states have signed but not ratified it.
|yes||15 Feb 2001 |
24 Sep 2008
|United Nations||2000||Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography. New York, 25 May 2000||Second Optional Protocol prohibits the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography. Both protocols have been ratified by more than 140 states.|
The second, the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, requires states to prohibit the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography. It entered into force on 18 January 2002; currently, 158 states are party to the protocol and another 16 states have signed but not ratified it.
|United Nations||2002||Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. New York, 18 December 2002||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||2006||13-Dec-2006||Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. New York, 13 December 2006|
The text was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 13 December 2006, and opened for signature on 30 March 2007. Following ratification by the 20th party, it came into force on 3 May 2008
|Конвенция о правах инвалидов|
Принята резолюцией 61/106 Генеральной Ассамблеи от 13 декабря 2006 года
|A/RES/61/106||The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol was adopted on 13 December 2006 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, and was opened for signature on 30 March 2007. There were 82 signatories to the Convention, 44 signatories to the Optional Protocol, and 1 ratification of the Convention. This is the highest number of signatories in history to a UN Convention on its opening day. It is the first comprehensive human rights treaty of the 21st century and is the first human rights convention to be open for signature by regional integration organizations. The Convention entered into force on 3May 2008.|
The Convention follows decades of work by the United Nations to change attitudes and approaches to persons with disabilities. It takes to a new height the movement from viewing persons with disabilities as "objects" of charity, medical treatment and social protection towards viewing persons with disabilities as "subjects" with rights, who are capable of claiming those rights and making decisions for their lives based on their free and informed consent as well as being active members of society.
The Convention is intended as a human rights instrument with an explicit, social development dimension. It adopts a broad categorization of persons with disabilities and reaffirms that all persons with all types of disabilities must enjoy all human rights and fundamental freedoms. It clarifies and qualifies how all categories of rights apply to persons with disabilities and identifies areas where adaptations have to be made for persons with disabilities to effectively exercise their rights and areas where their rights have been violated, and where protection of rights must be reinforced.
The Convention was negotiated during eight sessions of an Ad Hoc Committee of the General Assembly from 2002 to 2006, making it the fastest negotiated human rights treaty.
The Convention follows the civil law tradition, with a preamble, in which the principle that "all human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated " of Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action is cited, followed by 50 articles. Unlike many UN covenants and conventions, it is not formally divided into parts.
Article 1 defines the purpose of the Convention:
to promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity
Articles 2 and 3 provide definitions and general principles including communication, reasonable accommodation and universal design.
Articles 4 - 32 define the rights of persons with disabilities and the obligations of states parties towards them. Many of these mirror rights affirmed in other UN conventions such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights or the Convention Against Torture, but with specific obligations ensuring that they can be fully realised by persons with disabilities.
Rights specific to this convention include the rights to accessibility including the information technology, the rights to live independently and be included in the community (Article 19), to personal mobility (article 20), habilitation and rehabilitation (Article 26), and to participation in political and public life, and cultural life, recreation and sport (Articles 29 and 30).
In addition, parties to the Convention must raise awareness of the human rights of persons with disabilities (Article 8), and ensure access to roads, buildings, and information (Article 9).
Articles 33 - 39 govern reporting and monitoring of the convention by national human rights institutions (Article 33) and Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Article 34).
Articles 40 - 50 govern ratification, entry into force, and amendment of the Convention. Article 49 also requires that the Convention be available in accessible formats.
|4 Lastly, the Preamble also draws attention to two issues that were not addressed further in the substantive provisions of the CRPD. Firstly, Preamble paragraph (p) notes concern about “the difficult conditions faced by persons with disabilities who are subject to multiple or aggravated forms of discrimination,” and it includes in its list of unacceptable bases of discrimination “indigenous or social origin.” Though the AHC discussed the possibility of including an article specifically addressing indigenous persons with disabilities, this proposal did not gain sufficient support for its inclusion in the final text. Thus, indigenous persons with disabilities are not accorded the same treatment in the text as other sub-population groups, such as women with disabilities and children with disabilities, who secured specific articles. That said indigenous disabled persons are certainly not excluded from the coverage of the CRPD, and the Preamble continues to serve as a reminder of the need to be attentive to issues faced by indigenous disabled persons.||General Synopsis:|
|yes/no||24 Sep 2008|
not formally confirmed or acceded
|United Nations||2006||Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. New York, 13 December 2006||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||2006||International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance. New York, 20 December 2006||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||General Assembly||2007||13-Sep-2007||UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (adopted 13 September 2007). UN Doc. A/61/PV.107.|
UN General Assembly. Sixty-First Session. Official Records, 13 September 2007, 107th plenary meeting. UN Doc. A/61/PV.107.
|Декларация Организации Объединенных Наций о правах коренных народов|
Принята резолюцией 61/295 Генеральной Ассамблеи от 13 сентября 2007 года
|A/61/PV.107||The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly during its 62nd session at UN Headquarters in New York City on 13 September 2007.|
While as a General Assembly Declaration it is not a legally binding instrument under international law, according to a UN press release, it does "represent the dynamic development of international legal norms and it reflects the commitment of the UN's member states to move in certain directions"; the UN describes it as setting "an important standard for the treatment of indigenous peoples that will undoubtedly be a significant tool towards eliminating human rights violations against the planet's 370 million indigenous people and assisting them in combating discrimination and marginalisation."
|The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples contains provisions concerning indigenous rights over land use, education, healthcare, and many other areas.|
This is a record of the UN General Assembly meeting in which the Russian Federation abstained from ratifying the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People.
|United Nations||Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination||2008||20-Aug-2008||UN Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Concluding observations on the Russian Federation, 20 August, 2008, UN Doc. CERD/C/RUS/CO/19.||CERD/C/RUS/CO/19||The concluding oberservations include the CERD Committee's recommendation that Russia reinsert the concept of free-of-charge use of land by indigenous peoples into the revised Land Code and the Law on the Territories of Traditional Nature Use.||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||2008||Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. New York, 10 December 2008||General Synopsis:|
|United Nations||2011||Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure . New York, 19 December 2011||General Synopsis:|
|Russian Federation||1991||11-Mar-1991||Council of Ministers decree (11 March 1991) 'On the State Programme for the Development of Economy and Culture of the Minority Peoples of the North 1991-5'||О Государственной программе развития экономики и культуры малочисленных народов Севера в 1991-1995 годах. Постановление Совета Министров РСФСР от 11 марта 1991 г. N 145||11 марта 1991 г. N 145||Centrepiece of the Russian government policy.||World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Russian Federation : Overview. Updated August 2011. Available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,,COUNTRYPROF,RUS,,4954ce18c,0.html Copyright notice: © Minority Rights Group International. All rights reserved.||state policy|
|Russian Federation||federal / national||1993||12-Dec-1993||The Constitution of the Russian Federation (adopted 12 December 1993, entered into force 25 December 1993)||Конституция Российской Федерации||Under article 69, the Russian Federation guarantees the rights of indigenous peoples in compliance with the universally recognised principles and norms of international law and treaties concluded by the Russian Federation. In practice, Russian Federation treaties are given more creedance than international law.||http://www.constitution.ru/en/10003000-01.htm||http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/3ae6b59f4.html|
|Russian Federation||State Duma||1994||30-Nov-1994||The Civil Code of the Russian Federation, Part I.|
30 November 1994
|Гражданский кодекс Российской Федерации (ГК РФ)|
от 30.11.1994 N 51-ФЗ
|30.11.1994 N 51-ФЗ||Only the owner or another legitimate possessor has the right to require in court that all violations of his right be eliminated. This code has been used to deny the ability of indigenous people to prevent private companies from using traditionally indigenous land which is actually owned by the State.||http://www.russian-civil-code.com/||state policy|
|Russian Federation||State Duma (adopted)|
Council of the Russian Federation (approved)
|1996||17-Jun-1996||Federal Law On National and Cultural Autonomy.||Российская Федерация|
О Национально-Культурной Автономии
17 июня 1996 года N 74-ФЗ
22 мая 1996 года
5 июня 1996 года
|17 июня 1996 года N 74-ФЗ||According to the federal statute on national and cultural autonomy, national and cultural autonomies have the right to set up educational and scientific establishments.||http://www.regione.taa.it/biblioteca/minoranze/russia3.pdf|
|Russian Federation||1996||The Constitutional Court of Russian Federation. On the inadmissibility of the inquiry of Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug concerning the interpretation of Article 69 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, 1996, No.106-О.||Определение Конституционного Суда РФ от 26 декабря 1996 г. N 106-О "Об отказе в принятии к рассмотрению запроса Думы Чукотского автономного округа о толковании статьи 69 Конституции Российской Федерации"||1996, No.106-О||http://base.garant.ru/5125161/||state policy|
|Russian Federation||federal / national||1999||Federal Law of 30.04.1999 N 82-FZ "On the Guarantees of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation"||http://sakha.gov.ru/sites/default/files/12/files/%D1%84%D0%B7-82.rtf","Федеральный закон от 30.04.1999 N 82-ФЗ " гарантияхправкоренныхмалочисленныхнародовРоссийскойФедерации||30.04.1999 N 82-ФЗ||This Federal Law guarantees the traditional rights of sparsely distributed indigenous peoples to protect their natural habitats, traditional ways of life, economic activities and fishing and hunting rights. An ethnic community with fewer than 50,000 persons living on ancestral land and maintaining traditional ways of life and community management shall be considered a sparsely distributed indigenous peoples. The Government shall validate a common national register of these indigenous communities, and federal executive bodies shall implement federal and regional programmes to protect their traditional rights regarding land tenure, traditional community management of natural resources, and land surveys and monitoring.|
Established a wide range of rights for numerically small peoples.
Affirms that indigenous people may set up territorial self-government bodies in places of compact settlement, form communities and other organizations, and have courts consider their customary laws provided these are not contradicted by federal or regional legislation.
This law defines indigenous peoples in Russia as: peoples the total number of each type of which amounts to less than 50 000 and who inhabit their ancestral homelands, preserving their traditional life styles, management and crafts and who perceive themselves as belonging to separate ethnic communities. It also mentions the right of indigenous individuals to gratuitous use of lands for their traditional activities, although implementation of this right is facing a number of obstacles, mainly because the right to gratuitous use of land has been eliminated from The Land Code of the Russian Federation (2001). For to this reason, many court cases are lost by indigenous peoples.
One of three framework laws for federal legal protection and promotion of the rights of indigenous peoples. Established a wide range of rights for numerically small peoples.
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Russian Federation : Overview. Updated August 2011. Available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,,COUNTRYPROF,RUS,,4954ce18c,0.html Copyright notice: © Minority Rights Group International. All rights reserved.
United Nations. 2010. “Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, James Anaya” (UN Report on Russia, PDF
|VERIFY: The guarantees set out in the federal legislation include both group and individual rights of indigenous peoples to free-of-charge use of land and renewable natural resources in the territories which they have traditionally occupied and where they engage in traditional economic activities; the rights to establish self-government bodies in places of compact settlement and to form communities and other organizations; the right to reform their educational institutions according to their traditional way of life; the right to receive compensation for damage to their traditional environment due to industrial activities; the right to have courts consider customary law in as far as it does not contradict federal or regional legislation; and other entitlements. However, while the guarantees set out in these federal laws are substantial, there has been widespread criticism of the lack of their effective implementation.|
|Russian Federation||federal / national||2000||Federal Law On General Principles of Organization the of Obshchina of Numerically-small Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation [20 July 2000, № 104-ФЗ]||Федеральный закон от 20.07.2000 N 104-ФЗ "Об общих принципах организации общин коренных малочисленных народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока Российской Федерации"||20 июля 2000 г. N 104-ФЗ||The present Law establishes general principles of organization and activity of the communities of scanty indigenous population of the North, of the Siberia and of the Far North of the Russian Federation, created for the purpose of the primordial habitats, traditional way of life, rights and legal interests of indigenous scanty population, as well as community management and state guarantees of its implementation. The document consists of 24 Articles. Article 1 introduces the main concepts. Article 2 specifies relations regulated by the present Law. Article 3 defines the sphere of action of the present Law. Article 4 regards the Russian legislation on indigenous scanty population. Article 5 deals with the principles of organization of the communities of scanty population. Article 6 regards restriction of activity of the communities of scanty population. Article 7 regards relationship between the communities of scanty population and state executive bodies and local self-government. Article 8 regards organization of communities of scanty population. Article 9 regards constituent assembly of a community of scanty population. Article 10 regards statute of a community of scanty population. Article 11 regards community membership. Article 12 establishes rights of a community of scanty population. Article 13 establishes duties of the members of community. Article 14 regards general meeting of a community. Article 15 regards board of administration of a community. Article 16 establishes plenary powers of the president of board of administration of a community. Article 17 regards property of a community. Article 18 regards privileges conceded to a community. Article 19 regards activity of a community of scanty population in the sphere of education and culture. Article 20 regards associations of communities of scanty population. Article 21 regards reorganization of communities of scanty population and associations of communities. Article 22 regards liquidation of communities and associations of communities. Article 23 regards appeals against state executive bodies and local self-government. Article 24 lays down final provisions.|
One of three framework laws for federal legal protection and promotion of the rights of indigenous peoples.
General principles of organization of obshchinas of indigenous numerically small peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation.
Specifies the formation of “obshchina”, or clan community, “created for the goals of defending their age-old surroundings, and the maintenance and development of traditional ways of life, economy, trades and culture”. Obshchinas may group together a single family, a few families, or a whole village, and are entitled to receive use rights for allotments of land parcels, and quotas for fishing and hunting, accommodating their traditional practices.
United Nations. 2010. “Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, James Anaya” (UN Report on Russia, PDF)
|http://base.garant.ru/182356/||state policy||VERIFY: The guarantees set out in the federal legislation include both group and individual rights of indigenous peoples to free-of-charge use of land and renewable natural resources in the territories which they have traditionally occupied and where they engage in traditional economic activities; the rights to establish self-government bodies in places of compact settlement and to form communities and other organizations; the right to reform their educational institutions according to their traditional way of life; the right to receive compensation for damage to their traditional environment due to industrial activities; the right to have courts consider customary law in as far as it does not contradict federal or regional legislation; and other entitlements. However, while the guarantees set out in these federal laws are substantial, there has been widespread criticism of the lack of their effective implementation.|
|Russian Federation||2000||Government Decree of 24 March 2000 N 255 "About the Common List of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation"||Постановление Правительства РФ от 24 марта 2000 г. N 255 "О Едином перечне коренных малочисленных народов Российской Федерации"||24 марта 2000 г. N 255||Ammended:|
September 30, 2000,
October 13, 2008
May 18, 2010
June 17, 2010
September 2, 2010
December 26, 2011
|Russian Federation||2000||RF Government Resolution dated September 30, 2000 N 740 "On Approval of the Ministry of Federal Affairs, National and Migration Policy of the Russian Federation"||Постановление Правительства РФ от 30 сентября 2000 г. N 740 "Об утверждении Положения о Министерстве по делам федерации, национальной и миграционной политики Российской Федерации"||30 сентября 2000 г. N 740||Ammended:|
August 1, 2001
September 24, 2001
July 28, 2005
|Russian Federation||federal / national||2001||Federal Law On Territories of Traditional Nature Use of the Numerically-small Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Russian Far East [07 May 2001, № 49-ФЗ]||Федеральный закон от 07.05.2001 N 49-ФЗ "О территориях традиционного природопользования коренных малочисленных народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока Российской Федерации"||07.05.2001 N 49-ФЗ||One of three framework laws for federal legal protection and promotion of the rights of indigenous peoples.|
The law provides that the land an indigenous community utilizes for traditional economic activities may be granted a special legal designation of “territory of traditional nature use”, and be assigned to that community to use free-of-charge for a certain renewable period of time. Once created, the indigenous people living in these territories are guaranteed the right to continue to occupy the land and use its renewable resources for traditional activities, the right to participate in decision-making when industrial development in the territory is considered, and the right to receive compensation when industrial development that interferes with their access to land or damages the environment occurs there. The law ”On Territories” provides that where designated traditional nature use territories are established, oil and other industrial development may occur only after consultation and agreement with the indigenous communities living there.
The law ”On Territories” provides that where designated traditional nature use territories are established, oil and other industrial development may occur only after consultation and agreement with the indigenous communities living there.
|United Nations. 2010. “Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, James Anaya” (UN Report on Russia, PDF)||http://base.garant.ru/12122856/||state policy||VERIFY: The guarantees set out in the federal legislation include both group and individual rights of indigenous peoples to free-of-charge use of land and renewable natural resources in the territories which they have traditionally occupied and where they engage in traditional economic activities; the rights to establish self-government bodies in places of compact settlement and to form communities and other organizations; the right to reform their educational institutions according to their traditional way of life; the right to receive compensation for damage to their traditional environment due to industrial activities; the right to have courts consider customary law in as far as it does not contradict federal or regional legislation; and other entitlements. However, while the guarantees set out in these federal laws are substantial, there has been widespread criticism of the lack of their effective implementation.|
|Russian Federation||2001||RF Government Resolution dated March 28, 2001 N 236 "About decision of the State Council of Dagestan on October 18, 2000 N 19||Постановление Правительства РФ от 28 марта 2001 г. N 236 "О постановлении Государственного Совета Республики Дагестан от 18 октября 2000 г. N 191"||28 марта 2001 г. N 236||http://base.garant.ru/183401/|
|Russian Federation||State Duma||2001||The Land Code of the Russian Federation.||"ЗЕМЕЛЬНЫЙ КОДЕКС РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ" (ЗК РФ)|
от 25.10.2001 N 136-ФЗ
(принят ГД ФС РФ 28.09.2001)
|25.10.2001 N 136-ФЗ||Although the 2001 Federal Land Code gives a priority right to the acquisition of land to those already having possession rights on this land, a provision which benefits indigenous communities, indigenous communities are generally too geographically dispersed, remote from administrative centers and ill-informed of legal developments to take advantage of this provision. Regional and local authorities have done little to remedy this situation as they often stand to benefit from the activities of private companies using indigenous lands for industrial production.||World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Russian Federation : Overview. Updated August 2011. Available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,,COUNTRYPROF,RUS,,4954ce18c,0.html Copyright notice: © Minority Rights Group International. All rights reserved.||http://base.garant.ru/12124624/|
|Russian Federation||2002||Report of the Ombudsman on the activities of the Ombudsman in the Russian Federation. Rossiyskaya Gazeta, N 111, 2002; N 112, 2002; N 130, 2002.||state policy|
|Russian Federation||2002||The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. N., community “Oklanai” et al. v. the Government of the Russian Federation, 2002, No. GKPI2002-519.||2002, No. GKPI2002-519||This case was brought to the Supreme Court as a result of the refusal of the federal government to set up a protected federal territory for the traditional nature use of the Itelmen and Koriak people despite the fact that the territory was initially set up for this purpose by the decree of the Governor of Koriak Autonomous Okrug. The final ruling by the Court was that the Governor's decree was invalid and that the State did not have to establish a federally protected land.||state policy|
|Russian Federation||federal / national||2003||Federal Law of 07.02.2003 N 21-FZ "On the interim measures to ensure the representation of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation in the legislative (representative) bodies of state power of subjects of the Russian Federation"||Федеральный закон от 07.02.2003 N 21-ФЗ " ВРЕМЕННЫХМЕРАХПООБЕСПЕЧЕНИЮПРЕДСТАВИТЕЛЬСТВАКОРЕННЫХМАЛОЧИСЛЕННЫХНАРОДОВРОССИЙСКОЙФЕДЕРАЦИИВЗАКОНОДАТЕЛЬНЫХ(представительных) органахгосударственнойвластисубъектовРоссийскойФедерации)||07.02.2003 N 21-FZ|
|Russian Federation||2003||24-Sep-2003||Resolution on the Measures of the Establishment of the Territories of Traditional Nature Use by Indigenous Numerically Small Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East by the Council of Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. Sobranie Zakonodatelstva Rossiyskoy Federacii, 2003, No.40-3839.||Постановление Совета Федерации Федерального Собрания Российской Федерации от 24 сентября 2003 г. № 256-СФ "О мерах по образованию территорий традиционного природопользования коренных малочисленных народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока Российской Федерации".||24 сентября 2003 г. № 256-СФ||http://images.garant.ru/navigation.dsp?PHPSESSID=de44a7631df5932963987d740636e7b5&number=0&page=1||state policy|
|Russian Federation||2003||19-Sep-2003||The Federal Arbitration Court of the Far Eastern District of the Russian Federation. “Olenevod” v. “ROMONA”, "AMEC Earth & Environmental Limited” et. al., No.F03-А59/03-1/2062.||Постановление ФАС Дальневосточного округа от 19.09.2003 N Ф03-А59/03-1/2062 Поскольку истцом не представлены доказательства прав владения либо пользования земельными участками, суд правомерно отказал в удовлетворении иска об устранении всяких нарушений прав истца по пользованию спорными земельными участками.|
ФЕДЕРАЛЬНЫЙ АРБИТРАЖНЫЙ СУД ДАЛЬНЕВОСТОЧНОГО ОКРУГА
Именем Российской Федерации
арбитражного суда кассационной инстанции
от 19 сентября 2003 года Дело N Ф03-А59/03-1/2062"
|19 сентября 2003 года Дело N Ф03-А59/03-1/2062||The joint company Olenevod, established by indigenous individuals, addressed the court asking to order three private corporations to remove the equipment for construction of a petroleum pipeline from reindeer pasture-lands. The litigants have occupied the contended land since 1986 for the purposes of reindeer farming. The Russian government granted these lands to reindeer farmers in 1986 on conditions of gratuitous fixed-term use, which was subsequently eliminated from Russian legislation. Thus, the courts of three instances came to the same conclusion that indigenous peoples had no right to use the argued land for reindeer farming. The interests of oil extraction were given a priority over traditional indigenous rights.||http://www.resheniya-sudov.ru/2004/284346/||state policy|
|Russian Federation||2005||Governor's decree on the norms of supplies of food, clothing and footwear for children belonging to indigenous numerically small peoples of the North, having traditional way of living and studying at educational establishments of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Krasnyi Sever, 2005, No. 57.||2005, No. 57.||In this decree the state guranteed state supplies of food, clothing and blankets for indigenous children living with their parents in traditional indigenous homelands and studying at schools as well as state financial aid for indigenous doctoral students aimed at covering costs of their food and accommodation, for the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.||state policy|
|Russian Federation||2005||23-Mar-2005||The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. Public prosecutor v. Administration of Krasnoyarsk Krai, 2005, No. 53-G05-3.|
Determination of IC in civil cases the Supreme Court on March 23, 2005 N 53-G05-3 Recognition of invalidity of paragraph 3 of resolution of the Council of Administration of the Krasnoyarsk Territory on February 28, 2003 N 54-P "On the reservation of land for the subsequent formation of a protected natural area boundary values of the natural park "Sym"
|Определение СК по гражданским делам Верховного Суда РФ от 23 марта 2005 г. N 53-Г05-3 О признании недействующим пункта 3 постановления Совета Администрации Красноярского края от 28 февраля 2003 г. N 54-П "О резервировании земельного участка для последующего образования особо охраняемой природной территории краевого значения природного парка "Сымский"||23 марта 2005 г. N 53-Г05-3||In this decision, the Supreme Court confirmed that it is unlawful to establish public parks in indigenous homelands without prior consent of the indigenous peoples concerned.||http://base.garant.ru/1778220/||state policy|
|Russian Federation||2006||Law on the Territories of Traditional Nature Use by Indigenous Numerically Small Peoples of the North in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra. Sobranie Zakonodatelstva Khanty-Mansiyskogo avtonomnogo okruga – Iugry, 2006, No. 12-1488.||Закон Ханты-Мансийского АО - Югры от 28 декабря 2006 г. N 145-оз "О территориях традиционного природопользования коренных малочисленных народов Севера регионального значения в Ханты-Мансийском автономном округе - Югре" (с изменениями и дополнениями)||The statute of Khanty-Mansy Autonomous Okrug-Yugra guarantees the right of indigenous individuals and their communities (obshchinas) to petition the regional government with requests to set up the territories of traditional nature use. Nonetheless, the petitions of indigenous individuals concerning federal territories of traditional nature use are not taken into account.||http://base.garant.ru/18921314/||http://www.dumahmao.ru/zclass/thelegaldeviceisstate/kornarsever/kornarsever_136.html||state policy|
|Russian Federation||2006||4 декабря 2006||Forestry Code of the Russian Federation [04 December 2006, № 200-ФЗ]||Лесной кодекс Российской Федерации от 4 декабря 2006 г. N 200-ФЗ (с изменениями от 13 мая, 22, 23 июля, 25 декабря 2008 г., 14 марта, 17, 24 июля, 27 декабря 2009 г., 22 июля, 29 декабря 2010 г., 14 июня, 1, 11, 18 июля, 21 ноября, 6 декабря 2011 г.)||4 декабря 2006 г. N 200-ФЗ||The 2006 Forest Code guaranteed the right of gratuitous use of land, however indigenous representatives were routinely rejected these rights, when in dispute with private companies, because they could not prove their legitimate entitlement to the contended lands.|
The Forest Code governs the protection, ownership, use and renewal of forest resources in the Russian Federation based on the notion of forests as an ecological system. The Act consists of 16 Chapters divided into 109 articles: (1) general provisions; (2) forest use; (3) forest protection; (4) forest renewal and afforestation; (5) forest management planning; (6) making publicly-owned and municipally-owned forest parcels available to citizens and legal persons; (7) sale-purchase contracts for forest stands; (8) forest auctions; (9) powers of the public authorities in the sphere of forest relations; (10) administration of forest use, protection and renewal; (11) payment for forest use and forest valuation; (12) state forest inspection; (13) liability; (14) dispute settlement; (15) protection forests; (16) production forests and reserve forests. The Act contains important provisions regarding ownership and use of forests specifying that forest parcels within the forest estate lands shall pertain to federal property and the ownership of other forest parcels shall be regulated by land legislation. Public forests shall be conceded on lease, which shall be charged, and gratuitous use for established periods. Regarding classification of forests the Act establishes that forests on the forest estate lands shall be classified into protection forests, production forests and reserve forests in accordance with their designation. Forest managers and lessees shall submit annually to public authorities forest declaration stating forest use compliance with the forest development plan. Forest parcels made available for game management shall be classified as hunting grounds and shall be granted for the aforesaid use under lease agreements for forest parcels. Regarding citizens rights they shall be authorized to stay in forests freely and gratis and to harvest and collect, wild fruit, berries, nuts, mushrooms, other edible forest resources (except for protected and prohibited species), and non-timber forest resources, for their subsistence needs. Regarding timber extraction it shall be authorized for: (a) mature and over-mature forest stands; (b) middle-age, premature, mature and over-mature forest stands to remove dead and damaged forest stands and for purposes of forest tending; and (c) forest stands of any age within forest parcels designated for construction, reconstruction and operation of facilities. Timber extraction shall be prohibited in volumes exceeding the allowable cuts (permissible volumes of wood extraction) as well as earlier than at the ages of cutting.
|Russian Federation||2006||Thirteenth Arbitration Court of Appeal of the Russian Federation. Olenevod v. the Government of Murmansk Oblast, 2006, No.А42-3110/2005.||ТРИНАДЦАТЫЙ АРБИТРАЖНЫЙ АПЕЛЛЯЦИОННЫЙ СУД|
по проверке законности и обоснованности решений
арбитражных судов, не вступивших в законную силу
от 20 февраля 2006 года Дело N А42-3110/2005
|20 февраля 2006 года Дело N А42-3110/2005||In this case a production cooperative of indigenous individuals Olenevod (“Reindeer Farmer”) challenged a decision of a governmental agency in Murmansk Oblast. According to the court's decision, Olenevod was rejected the right to gratuitous use of land in public forest reserves for the purposes of reindeer farming. The litigants could not prove their legitimate entitlement to the contended lands because these lands were rented by the indigenous cooperative from the state on the basis of short-term rent contracts.||http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=RAPS013;n=3086||state policy|
|Russian Federation||2008||Administration's decree on social assistance to separate categories of citizens belonging to indigenous numerically small peoples of the North of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.||АДМИНИСТРАЦИЯ ЯМАЛО-НЕНЕЦКОГО АВТОНОМНОГО ОКРУГА ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ от 25.04.2008 г. N 190-А ОБ ОКАЗАНИИ СОЦИАЛЬНОЙ ПОДДЕРЖКИ ОТДЕЛЬНЫМ КАТЕГОРИЯМ ГРАЖДАН ИЗ ЧИСЛА КОРЕННЫХ МАЛОЧИСЛЕННЫХ НАРОДОВ СЕВЕРА ЯМАЛО-НЕНЕЦКОГО АВТОНОМНОГО ОКРУГА (в ред. постановления Правительства ЯНАО от 30.09.2010 N 266-П)||25.04.2008 г. N 190-А||http://zakonprost.ru/content/regional/81/601239/||state policy|
|Russian Federation||2009||Government Order dated August 28, 2009 N 1245-r On approval of an action plan for implementation in 2009-2011. Concept of Sustainable Development of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and Far East||Распоряжение Правительства РФ от 28 августа 2009 г. N 1245-р Об утверждении плана мероприятий по реализации в 2009-2011 гг. Концепции устойчивого развития коренных малочисленных народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока РФ||28 августа 2009 г. N 1245-р||According to this plan, Russian codes of law and federal statutes should be amended so that indigenous peoples could enjoy preferential access to land. So far, no amendments to that effect have been introduced.||http://docs.kodeks.ru/document/902172877|
|Russian Federation||2009||Federal Decree On the Concept of Sustainable Development of the Small-numbered Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation [04 February 2009, № 132-р]||Распоряжение Правительства РФ от 04.02.2009 N 132-р <О Концепции устойчивого развития коренных малочисленных народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока Российской Федерации>||4 февраля 2009 г. N 132-р||The Concept Paper defines the following seven objectives: protecting the natural environment and traditional use of land and natural resources; developing and modernizing traditional commercial activities; increasing the standard of living; improving the demographic situation to bring it into line with the national average; improving access to educational services taking into account specific ethnocultural needs; support for the development of clan communities and other forms of self-governance; and protection of cultural heritage||United Nations. 2010. “Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, James Anaya” (UN Report on Russia, PDF||http://stavkan.ru/materials/laws/show.php?adres=148039|
|state policy||Approved by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of February 4, 2009, No. 132-р.|
|2008||Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 23.06.2008 № 895-p "To approve the changes made to the complex|
priority measures on preparation and holding in the Russian
Federation of the Second International Decade of Indigenous Peoples
the world, approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian
Federation on November 19, 2007 N 1639-p (Collection
legislation of the Russian Federation, 2007, N 48, p. 6026)."
|Распоряжение Правительства Российской Федерации от 23.06.2008 № 895-р |
Утвердить прилагаемые изменения, которые вносятся в комплекс
первоочередных мер по подготовке и проведению в Российской
Федерации Второго Международного десятилетия коренных народов
мира, утвержденный распоряжением Правительства Российской
Федерации от 19 ноября 2007 г. N 1639-р (Собрание
законодательства Российской Федерации, 2007, N 48, ст. 6026).
|23.06.2008 № 895-р||http://poisk-zakona.ru/56170.html|
|Russian Federation||national||2011||Government Decree on December 26, 2011 N 1145 "On Amendments to the Unified List of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation and the list of the indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Russian Far East"||Постановление Правительства РФ от 26 декабря 2011 г. N 1145 "О внесении изменений в Единый перечень коренных малочисленных народов Российской Федерации и в перечень коренных малочисленных народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока Российской Федерации"||26 декабря 2011 г. N 1145||Ammends: постановлением Правительства Российской Федерации от 24 марта 2000 г. N 255 (Собрание законодательства Российской Федерации, 2000, N 14, ст. 1493; 2008, N 42, ст. 4831; 2010, N 21, ст. 2615; N 26, ст. 3353; N 37, ст. 4684);|
Ammends: перечне коренных малочисленных народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока Российской Федерации, утвержденном распоряжением Правительства Российской Федерации от 17 апреля 2006 г. N 536-р (Собрание законодательства Российской Федерации, 2006, N 17, ст. 1905; 2010, N 21, ст. 2615)
recognizes Veps / Вепсы and Evans / Эвены (ламуты)
|Russian Federation||2011||The Bill of the Federal Law No. 74068-4 on Amendments to Article 4 of the Federal Law “On the General Principles of Organization of the Legislative (Representative) and Executive Organs of the Territorial Entities of the Russian Federation”.||Проект федерального закона n 74068-4 "о внесении дополнений в статью 4 федерального закона "об общих принципах организации законодательных (представительных) и исполнительных органов государственной власти субъектов российской федерации" (ред., внесенная в гд фс рф)||According to the bill, the statutes of the regions where indigenous peoples live should guarantee quotas for representation of indigenous peoples in the legislative (representative) organs of those territorial entities. However, the amendments to the federal statute in question have not been adopted.||http://www.lawmix.ru/lawprojects/50207|
|Russian Federation||2004||Federal Law On Fisheries and the Conservation of Aquatic Biological Resources [20 December 2004, № 166-FZ]||Федеральный закон от 20 декабря 2004 г. N 166-ФЗ "О рыболовстве и сохранении водных биологических ресурсов" (с изменениями и дополнениями)||20 декабря 2004 г. N 166-ФЗ||http://base.garant.ru/12138110/|
|2009||Federal Law On the Conservation of Hunting Grounds and Amendments to Specific Regulations of the Russian Federation [24 July 2009, № 209-ФЗ]||Федеральный закон от 24 июля 2009 г. N 209-ФЗ "Об охоте и о сохранении охотничьих ресурсов и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации" (с изменениями и дополнениями)||24 июля 2009 г. N 209-ФЗ||http://base.garant.ru/12168564/|
|Законы Республики Саха (Якутия)||Законы Республики Саха (Якутия)|
|Russian Federation||Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)||2003||OFLOCALITIES(areas) OFCOMPACTRESIDENCEINDIGENOUSMINORITIESINTHEREPUBLICOFSAKHA(Yakutia) "," ListofrevivingcommunitiesandareaswithintheboundariesoflandofnomadicTribalCommunities||" возрождаемыхнаселенныхпунктовитерриторийвпределахграницземлепользованиякочевыхродовыхобщин)||10.07.2003 59-З N 121-III|
|Russian Federation||Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)||2004||20.02.2004 111-З N 243-III|
|Russian Federation||Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)||2005||27.01.2005 207-З N 419-III|
|Russian Federation||Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)||2006||13.07.2006 370-З N 755-III|
|Russian Federation||Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)||2010||Law of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) of 04.14.2010 N 820-N 537-IV "On ethnological expertise in the local traditional residence and economic activities of indigenous peoples of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)"||14.04.2010 820-З N 537-IV|
|Russian Federation||Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)||2011||Law of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) from 03.01.2011 N 897-N 715-IV "On protection of original habitat, traditional way of life, economy and industries of Indigenous Peoples of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)"||01.03.2011 897-З N 715-IV|
|Russian Federation||2000||Постановление Правительства РФ от 24.03.2000 № 255 " единомперечнекоренныхмалочисленныхнародовРоссийскойФедерации||24.03.2000 № 255|
|Russian Federation||2006||22.06.2006 N 267|
|Russian Federation||2006||Распоряжение Правительства РФ от 17 апреля 2006 г. № 536-р "О Перечне коренных малочисленных народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока Российской Федерации"||17 апреля 2006 г. № 536-р|
|Russian Federation||2009||Распоряжение Правительства РФ от 08 мая 2009 г. № 631-Р " месттрадиционногопроживанияитрадиционнойхозяйственнойдеятельностикоренныхмалочисленныхнародовРФ||08 мая 2009 г. № 631-Р|