Sony Alpha Camera Settings
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Sony Alpha Memory Settings
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www.MarkGaler.com
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PLEASE READ
BEFORE reviewing the settings.
These Settings are intended as Starting Settings only. They should not be seen as prescriptive settings that are locked down - other photographers may use different settings to achieve the same outcome. Click on the Movie link to see why I have chosen my settings. My Starting Settings will most likely be changed after I have started shooting - this may be influenced by changing lighting or creative decisions.
Shutter Priority is a viable alternative to shooting Sports/Action. Note that the Landscape settings change if the camera is on a tripod (auto ISO becomes a fixed ISO value). Uncompressed RAW is only really necessary for Landscape shooting but Uncompressed files can have lossless compression when imported as DNG files in Lightroom. Setting a fixed White Balance setting is only really critical for JPEGs and Movies but some photographers may prefer to set this in-camera rather than in post.

Portrait
Single Head & Shoulder
Action
Freeze / Pan with Blur
Landscape
Wide-Angle : Hand-Held
Landscape
Wide Angle : Tripod
Street (Full Frame)
Sunny 16
Movie (hand-held)
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MEMORY 1
These settings are for tight 'head and shoulder' portraits that will provide good figure/ground separation. For group portraits the photographer would typically be expected to stop down to f/8 or f/11. These settings are, however, appropriate for isolating objects (detail shots) as well as for portraits. Eye-AF is the primary focus method with DMF as the backup or 'Plan B'. Although the Aperture is listed as f/4 I will invariably open up to f/1.8 when using a wide aperture prime when only the leading eye needs to be crtically sharp.

Click on the Movie link below to see why I have chosen these settings.
MEMORY 2
The Focus Area may need to be changed to Expand Flexible Spot or one of the Lock-on AF options depending on the subject and its surrounds. For panning shots where a slower shutter speed is required it may be necessary to stop the aperture down to f/8 and change the Auto ISO Min SS to 1/250sec. F/11 can be used on the A7III and A9 cameras. Recall Custom Hold 2 is used to overide Continuous AF and Continuous Shooting in order to capture a subject that is static. Shutter Priority is a viable alternative to shooting Sports/Action compared to Aperture priority with ISO Auto Min. SS. The aperture should not be smaller than f/8 when using an A7RIII.

Click on the Movie link below to see why I have chosen these settings.
MEMORY 3
Landscapes can be captured with any focal length lens but these settings are for wide-angle and ultra wide-angle lenses. The shutter speed will be slow in low ambient light so the photographer must hold the camera steady when pressing the shutter release. Switching the Drive Mode to a 2-Second Timer in low light may help. Auto ISO is slected rather than 100 ISO for hand-held Landscape to avoid camera-shake when using smaller apertures in low ambient light. Owners of APS-C cameras should open up to f/8 to avoid the effects of diffraction.
M1 (Installed from Card Slot 2)
These settings assume the camera is mounted on a tripod and the exposure may be longer than 1/8 second in low ambient light. Shadows may appear much darker in the Raw editing software as DRO is NOT applied to the Raw file. Expose for the highlights and process for the shadows (review a test exposure to ensure the highlights are not overexposed). A remote release will be be needed for exposure times over 30 seconds and Long Exposure Noise Reduction switched on.

Click on the Movie link below to see why I have chosen these settings.
M2 (Installed from Card Slot 2)
Exposure is being set to the brightness of the sunny weather. It will protect light tones in full sun. The shutter speed should freeze pedestrian movement. With no camera settings to adjust the photographer is free to capture the decisive moment. There is no need to focus accurately as the depth of field should cover eveything in the street. When capturing subject in open shade use Reg Custom Shoot Set 3.

Click on the Movie link below to see why I have chosen these settings.
M3 (Installed from Card Slot 2)
Use an ND filter when wide apertures are required in bright light (ND 8 or 64). If you don't have access to ND filters, or don't have time to attach them, you may need to use Shutter Priority rather than Manual to avoid over-exposure. Center Lock-On AF tracking can be used to track a moving subject across the frame (Center Button will change to this feature when Movie Mode is selected on the Shoot Mode dial). Pulling Focus can be achieved by switching the Touch Operation to On and touching to spot focus or cancel spot focus. White balance will need to be set when not using Daylight and PP6 will need to be set when shooting in full sun.

Click on the Movie link below to see why I have chosen these settings.
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Video Tutorialhttps://youtu.be/zPpelMC75lwhttps://youtu.be/ZNloKXpUOWAhttps://youtu.be/cdP2YcSBbL8https://youtu.be/JQkS5fcXv6ghttps://youtu.be/XVcoGkYkfAwhttps://youtu.be/4NfqnTxpTOY
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Camera Setting
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File TypeRAW UncompressedRAW CompressedRAW UncompressedRAW UncompressedRAW UncompressedXAVC S 4K - 25P100M
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Shoot ModeAperture PriorityAperture PriorityAperture PriorityManualManualShutter Priority (or Manual)
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Aperture (Starting)f/4 (or wider)f/4 or f/8f/11f/11f/16N/A
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ISO AUTOAUTOAUTO100400AUTO
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ISO Auto Min SSFast1/2000sec / 1/250secSlowerN/AN/AN/A
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Shutter SpeedN/AN/AN/AN/A1/400sec1/50 Second
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Drive ModeSingle ShootingConinuous Shooting HiSingle ShootingSelf-timer: 2 SecSingle ShootingN/A
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Focus ModeContinuous AFContinuous AFDMFManualManualContinuous AF
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Focus AreaExpand Flexible SpotWideExpand Flexible SpotN/AN/AWide
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Focal Length85mm100-400mm12-24mm12-24mm35mmN/A
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Face DetectONONN/AN/AN/AON
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MF AssistONN/AONOFFN/AON
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Metering ModeMultiMultiMultiExpose to the rightExpose for the weatherMulti
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SteadyShotONOFF or Mode IIONOFFONON
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White BalanceAUTO (or set to lighting)AUTO (or set to lighting)AUTOAUTODaylightDaylight (or set to lighting)
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Img. Processing
DRO Auto (Monitor/EVF only)
DRO Auto (Monitor/EVF only)
DRO Auto (Monitor/EVF only)
DRO Auto (Monitor/EVF only)
DRO Auto (Monitor/EVF only)
PP6 in High Contrast
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Sony Alpha Custom Keys, Fn Menu & Register Custom Shoot Settings
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www.MarkGaler.com
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Custom ButtonPortrait
Head & Shoulder
Action
Freeze / Pan with Blur
Landscape
Wide-Angle : Hand-Held
Landscape
Wide Angle : Tripod
Street
Sunny 16
Movie (hand-held)
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C1ISO Auto Min. SSISO Auto Min. SSISO Auto Min. SSISO Auto Min. SSISO Auto Min. SSISO Auto Min. SS
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C2Focus AreaFocus AreaFocus AreaFocus AreaFocus AreaFocus Area
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C3Focus MagnifierFocus MagnifierFocus MagnifierFocus MagnifierFocus MagnifierFocus Magnifier
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C4Focus ModeFocus ModeFocus ModeFocus ModeFocus ModeFocus Mode
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Down ButtonWhite BalanceWhite BalanceWhite BalanceWhite BalanceWhite BalanceWhite Balance
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AEL ButtonRecall Custom Hold 1Recall Custom Hold 2Recall Custom Hold 3N/AN/AN/A
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AF-On ButtonAF-OnAF-OnAF-OnAF-OnAF-OnAF-On
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Focus Hold ButtonEye AFEye AFEye AFEye AFEye AFEye AF
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Multi-Slc Center BtnFocus StandardFocus StandardFocus StandardFocus StandardFocus StandardFocus Standard
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Center ButtonEye AFEye AFEye AFEye AFEye AFCenter Lock-On AF
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Function (Fn) MenuUpper1Upper2Upper3Upper4Upper5Upper6
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UpperSilent ShootingLive View DisplaySubject DetectionFace/Eye Priority in AF Metering ModeAudio Signals
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LowerLower1Lower2Lower3Lower4Lower5Lower6
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APS-C Shoot: ManualCenter Lock-on AFTouch OperationSteadyShotPrioritize Rec. MediaShoot Mode
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Reg Cust Shoot Set
1. Portrait
Head & Shoulder
2. Action
Freeze / Pan with Blur
3. Street
Expose in Open Shade
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Shoot ModeShutter PriorityAperture Priority
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Aperturef/8
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Shutter Speed1/250sec1/250sec
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Drive ModeSingle ShootingSingle Shooting
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Exposure Comp.
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ISOAuto
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Metering Mode
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Focus ModeDMFSingle-shot AFContinuous AF
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Focus AreaWideExpand Flexible SpotWide
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AF OnOnOnOn
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My Menu Settings
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FormatCustom KeyAnti-flicker Shoot.e-Front Curtain Shut.Peaking SettingPicture ProfileAudio Rec Level
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Video Tutorials
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Settings to Register in the Camera's Memory : Video Tutorials
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1. Portrait
Head & Shoulder
2. Action
Freeze / Pan with Blur
Landscape
Wide Angle : Tripod
Street (Full Frame)
Sunny 16
Movie (hand-held)
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https://youtu.be/zPpelMC75lwhttps://youtu.be/ZNloKXpUOWAhttps://youtu.be/JQkS5fcXv6ghttps://youtu.be/XVcoGkYkfAwhttps://youtu.be/4NfqnTxpTOY
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Camera Settings : Video Tutorials
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APS-C ModeBack-Button AFDMFe-Front Curtain ShutterFn MenuISO Auto Min. SSLow-Light AF
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https://youtu.be/h6_O8PQDI8Uhttps://youtu.be/P2KCN5CLB9ghttps://youtu.be/Suc21klIPTMhttps://youtu.be/xhFhTDnIvO0https://youtu.be/AV7GFRIGVC4https://youtu.be/gqqmqKFzHRghttps://youtu.be/slIozdjYigc
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MemoryMetering ModesSetting Effect
White Balance (Custom)
Focus AreaMulti-selectorCenter Lock-on AF
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https://youtu.be/w2eQr-qQHMYhttps://youtu.be/9pV7zX0qC7Qhttps://youtu.be/tPKjkbk09ushttps://youtu.be/rQWesejlA9chttps://youtu.be/a-X-9w0iKJ4https://youtu.be/zt8YSSPiScUhttps://youtu.be/2Oq6Vm-T9q0
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Power Save Lock Operation Parts
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https://youtu.be/s7BuqMjyhOMhttps://youtu.be/7zfUb1EvJVM
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Masterclass Tutorials
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Beyond the BasicsColour ManagementFocus MasterclassHyperfocal DistancePowerful PortraitsSmart WorkflowsTravel Photography
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https://youtu.be/05L_UwT4D3ohttps://youtu.be/VKyQIg_6Nhghttps://youtu.be/RJXsUFltSXohttps://youtu.be/FY1bLdeBN_Uhttps://youtu.be/PVdwKiTcJNshttps://youtu.be/lVBADezWZ8Ehttps://youtu.be/YyBdOnn-fws
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Full Frame Camera Lenses : Video Tutorials
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Top Ten FF LensesFE 400 F/2.8 GMFE 12-24 G + NiSi FilterFE 12-24 F/4 G85mm E-Mount PrimesFE 100-400 GMFE 24-70 F/2.8 GM
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https://youtu.be/Ac7xzpcWwLohttps://youtu.be/-OcMZF06yBAhttps://youtu.be/u8ITT-9tIBAhttps://youtu.be/CBSiaGvLX9chttps://youtu.be/5GmX6bTTs0Uhttps://youtu.be/it7kLkXsBXIhttps://youtu.be/ivX8T0s0uQg
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FE 70-200 F/4 GFE 85 F/1.4 GMSony Lens AdaptersZeiss Batis 2.8/18Sigma 150-600 SportVoigtlander 15mm
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https://youtu.be/Y24i_plafAAhttps://youtu.be/c-rp9OHsQaIhttps://youtu.be/hvdQkiMqz5shttps://youtu.be/-__3A4V5inohttps://youtu.be/mk_eIw2N4Ashttps://youtu.be/k6maZNnYFGE
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www.MarkGaler.com
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