VEEP/NHEEP Transportation Poster Data
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Data for the 2019 VEEP/NHEEP Poster on Transportation
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Research and data compiled by Andy Shapiro, VEEP Director of Science and Engineering - June 2019
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Watt Hours per Student Miles Traveled
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This is the data used in the VEEP/NHEEP graphs. It shows the energy per student mile by taking the full Wh per vehicle mile for the vehicle as a whole (table below) and dividing that by the number of students in the vehicle.
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WalkingBicyclingEbikeGasoline SedanElec car 90 SUV/Pickup Diesel BusElectric Bus
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Avg. No. Students 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 10 20 10 20
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WalkingBicyclingEbikeGasoline car 1 studentsGasoline car 2 studentsElec car, 1 studentElec car, 2 studentsSUV/ Pickup 1 studentsSUV/ Pickup 2 studentsDiesel Bus 10 studentsDiesel Bus 20 studentsElectric Bus, 10 studentsElectric Bus, 20 students
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Fuel Production - - 0.56 189 94 263 131 319 160 91 45 163 81
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Infrastructure 28 57 57 293 146 293 146 295 147 45 23 45 23
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Maintenance - 3 3 81 40 20 10 86 43 42 21 21 10
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Manufacturing - 29 39 181 91 287 144 227 114 240 120 192 96
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Operation - - 18 1,318 659 384 192 2,245 1,123 646 323 238 119
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Total 28 89 117 2,062 1,031 1,247 623 3,172 1,586 1,064 532 659 330
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Wh per Vehicle Miles Traveled
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This shows the energy used per mile for the vehicle. The table above divides the energy by the number of passengers
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Walking [2]
Bicycling [2]7
Ebike [2a]
Gasoline Sedan [2]Elec car 90 [10]SUV/Pickup [2]Diesel Bus [2]Electric Bus [7] [8]
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Fuel Production - - 0.56 189 263 319 905 1,628
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Infrastructure 28 57 57 293 293 295 451 451
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Maintenance - 3 3 81 20 86 416 208
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Manufacturing - 29 39 181 287 227 2,404 1,925
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Operation - - 17.6 1,318 384 2,245 6,465 2,380
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Total 28 89 117 2,062 1,247 3,172 10,641 6,592
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Sources used to Calculate Tables Above
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Energy Use in kilojoules (kJ) per passenger mile traveled taken directly from Shreya Dave's study [2]
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Walking [2]Bicycling [2]Ebike [2a]Sedan [2]SUV [2]Pickup [2]Bus on peak [2]Bus off peak [2]
Bus Avg [2]
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Fuel Production - - 2.0 430 640 810 110 840 400
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Infrastructure 102 204 204 667 607 728 51 406 189
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Maintenance - 9 9 184 180 208 18 144 68
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Manufacturing - 106 141 413 547 468 101 827 393
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Operation - - 0.063 3,000 4,500 5,700 828 6,620 3,210
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Total 102 319 356 4,694 6,474 7,914 1,108 8,837 4,260
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Energy Use in Watt Hours per passenger mile traveled (Wh/PMT)
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The table below converts data above from kJ/passenger mile to watt-hrs per passenger mile (Wh/passenger-mile) and adds fuel production, infrastructure and operation usage for electric cars and buses from other sources.
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1 kJ = 0.278Wh
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Walking [2]Bicycling [2]Ebike [2a]Sedan [2]E-Car [8]SUV [2]Pickup [2]Bus on peak [2] [13]Bus off peak [2] [13]
Bus Avg [2] [13]
Electric Bus high occupancy [13]Electric Bus low occupancy [13]
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Fuel Production - - 0.56 120 164 178 225 31 234 111 41 407
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Infrastructure [9] 28 57 57 185 185 169 202 14 113 53 14 113
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Maintenance - 3 3 51 50 58 5 40 19
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Manufacturing - 29 39 115 152 130 28 230 109
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Operation - - 0.018 834 240 1,251 1,585 230 1,840 892 60 595
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Total 28 89 99 1,305 1,800 2,200 308 2,457 1,184 114 1,115
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Additional data about vehicle and vehicle use
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Walking [2]Bicycling [2]Ebike [2a]Sedan [2]E-Car [8]SUV [2]Pickup [2]Bus on peak [2]Bus off peak [2]Bus AvgElectric Bus high occupancy [1]Electric Bus low occupancy [1]
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# passengers from Shreya Dave's study1111.581.601.741.4640422404
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# passengers used for VEEP/NHEEP poster1111 or 211 or 21 or 220102010
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Avg life of vehicle in years
16.915.515.51212
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MPG [3]2817166.3
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kWh/vehicle mile [5]0.3842.382.38
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Annual vehicle miles 11,100 11,100 11,100 42,000 42,000
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gCO2e/PMT4.76.57.9
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Vehicle Weight [4] [6]
340022800
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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data
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Greenhouse gas emissions in g CO2e/per student mile traveled data used in poster
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WalkingBicyclingEbikeGasoline SedanElec car 90 SUV/Pickup Diesel BusElectric Bus
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Avg. No. Passengers 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 10 20 10 20
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WalkingBicyclingEbikeGasoline car 1 studentsGasoline car 2 studentsElec car-90 , 1 students Elec car-90; 2 studentsSUV/ Pickup 1 students SUV/ Pickup 2 students Diesel Bus 10 studentsDiesel Bus 20 studentsElectric Bus, 10 studentsElectric Bus, 20 students
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Fuel Production - - 0 62 31 73 37 104 52 35 18 45 23
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Infrastructure 9 17 17 103 51 71 35 103 52 15 7 15 7
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Maintenance - 0.5 3 24 12 6 3 25 12 4 2 2 1
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Manufacturing - 8 11 54 27 85 43 67 33 29 15 57 29
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Operation 24 7 7 363 182 105 53 542 271 219 110 65 33
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Total 33 33 38 605 303 340 170 841 420 303 152 185 92
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Sources used to Calculate Greenhouse Gas Emissions Table Above
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Greenhouse gas emissions in grams CO2e per passenger mile traveled (from Shreya Dave table)
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# passengers from Shreya Dave's study1111.581.601.741.4640422
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WalkingBicyclingEbikeSedanElec car 90 [4]SUVPickup
Bus on peak
Bus off peak
Bus Avg
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Fuel Production000.33395874107736
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Infrastructure9171765597143416
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Maintenance0111514171126
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Manufacturing081134453886631
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Operation247 12 23027042061486237
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Total33334138344662084675326
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Greenhouse gas emissions in grams CO2e per vehicle mile traveled from Graph above and additional sources
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Walking [2]Bicycling [2]Ebike [2] [12]Sedan [2]Elec car 90 [10]SUVPickupSUV/PickupDiesel Bus [1]Electric Bus [7]Bus on peak [13]Bus off peak [13]
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Fuel Production - - 0.3 62 73 101 108 104 354 454 400 308
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Infrastructure E-Bus maintenance is estimated at 1/2 that for diesel-bus; manufacturing estimated based on data from e-cars adjusted by ratio of weight of e-car/weight of e-bus;
9 17 17 103 71 103 104 103 148 148 160 136
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Maintenance - 1 1 24 6 24 25 25 44 22.0 40 48
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Manufacturing - 8 11 54 85 78 55 67 292 570 320 264
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Operation [12] 24 7 7 363 105 470 613 542 2,192 653 2,440 1,944
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