Perennial Plants for Austin - Collaboration Spreadsheet
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LAST UPDATED:Perennial/Semi-perennial Plants That Grow WELL in Austin
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Published and maintained by the Urban Patchwork community and collaborators
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Research owned by:TypeVarieties favorable to Central TexasGenus/ SpeciesEdible PartsOther UsesCentral Texas Landscaping Plants this can ReplaceHarvest WindowFresh Storage Window (No Preservation Techniques Applied)Preservation PossibilitiesFoliage Growing Season (Attractive in the garden but not harvestable)Mature Size (Footprint/Spread in the garden)Habit, expected availability (reseeding?, grows indefinitely?, grows for a limited number of years?)Use (How edible parts are eaten)Sun, Shade, Flexible?Soil requirements?fertilization needs?Color/Interest/HabitYears to first yield?Expected yield of first harvests/mature harvests per plant?ongoing maintenance needs/schedule?Special Notes
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Research Owned By...
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FLOWERS
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Dandelion(see vegetables)Non pricklyTaraxacumflower and leafPest deterrent, bouquetsWinterWinter going to seed in summer6" - 1' spreadReseed
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Lemon Daylilyflower (ground)Hemerocallis citrini
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Lion's Mane
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Nightblooming Daylilyflower (ground)Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus
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Prairie Verbenaflower (ground)petals, leaves, roottexas native wildflower, decoration, potpouridrying, tincturetea, tincture
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Redbudflower (tree)MexicanCercisflowerwildlife habitat, shadeearly springApril - NovemberIndefinite
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RoseMartha Gonzalez is native. Many others grow well here. Need to list alkaline loving varietiespetals and fruitboquets, potporri, tea
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Turks Capflower (shrub)NativeMalvaviscusflowerwildlife habitatspring, summer, fallReseed
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Heartleaf iceplant GroundcoverAptenia cordifoliaflowers and leavesFire break, cools soilspring, summer, fallFresh or lightly sauteedFull Sun
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FRUIT - BUSH, GROUND, VINE
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Black, Red Chokeberryfruit bushAronia melanocarpa, Aronia arbutifolia
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Dragon Fruit, Night Blooming Cereusfruit vineHylocereus undatus
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Passionvine Fruitfruit vineRuby Glow Passiflora alata
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Blackberriesfruit bushNavajo Thornless, Apache, Ouachita, HullRubusfruitMay/JunePartially evergreen, fresh new growth starts each summer after fruit is done.Indefinite - runnersListed varieties are thornless and disease resistant. HOWEVER they are patented and not heirlooms. Anyone want to research some heirlooms?
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Dewberryfruit groundLocal WildRubus trivialisfruitjune
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Ground Cherryfruit ground Physalisfruit
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Jojoba
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Mustang Grapefruit vineMustang/MuscadineVitisfruit, leaves?june/julyApril - NovemberIndefinite - RunnersNative to texas
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Naturalized Grape Varietiesfruit vineBlack Spanish, Champanel, Golden MuscatVitisfruit, leavesApril - NovemberIndefinite - RunnersThe listed varieties are native to the US and resistent to Pierce disease
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Strawberry, Wildfruit groundLouisiana Heritage FragariafruitIndefinite - runnersHaving a hard time finding someone to buy from. Anyone want to take on the task of tracking down a supplier?
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FRUIT - TREE
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Bay laurelEvergreen TreeLeaves Indirect Sun/Part ShadeAccording to KLRU, bay laurels will "struggle in areas with reflected heat and very dry air
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Cherry of the Rio GrandeFruit treeFruitMay-June
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Cold Hardy Bananas fruit tree (actually a grass)Dwarf Orinoco, Dwarf Namwa, Ice CreamFruit, Leaves
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Cold Hardy Mexican Avocados fruit treeWilma, Del Rio, OpalFruit
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Elderberry fruit treeSambucus nigraFruitFull sun to part shadePrefers moist and well drained, but will tolerate dry or wet; tolerates alkaline soil
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Figfruit treeCeleste, turkey, alma, texas blue, LSU GoldFicusFruitJune/July/AugustApril - NovemberIndefinite
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Goji Berry fruit treeLycium barbarumFruit
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Golden Currantfruit tree Ribes auriumFruit
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Grapefruitfruit treeRuby RedCitrusfruitCleaner, pest deterrentFebruaryEvergreenIndefinite
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Jujubefruit treeZiziphus jujuba (Lang and Li varieties)
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Kefir Limefruit treeKefirCitrusFruit, leavesAll YearIndefinite
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KumquatFruit, leaves
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Loquatfruit treepropagate cuttings of best producersEriobotryafruitWildlife habitat, shade, visual screen.June/JulyEvergreenIndefinite
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Mesquitefruit treewildbeanhabitat, wood, shadejuly/august/september
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Mexican Apricotsfruit treefruitIndefinite
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Mexican Papayafruit treeCerica mexicana
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Mexican Plumfruit treepropagate cuttings of best producersPrunusfruitOctoberApril - NovemberIndefinite
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Meyer Lemonfruit treeMeyerCitrusfruit, leavesNovember/DecemberIndefinite
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MoringaFruit treeMoringaFlowers, roots, stems, leaves
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Mulberryfruit treepropagate cuttings of best producers, also consider Pakistan varietyMorusfruit and leavesMay/JuneApril - NovemberIndefinite
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Olivefruit treeArbequina, mission, picual, hojiblanca, coratina and sevillanoOleafruit, oilEvergreenIndefiniteCold hardy varieties for Central Texas
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Orangefruit treeSatsumaCitrusfruit, leavesDecember/JanuaryIndefinite
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Palo Verdefruit treeFlorida and microphyliabean
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Pawpawfruit treeAsimina trilobayfruit
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Peachesfruit treeSaucer, Tex King, Florida KingPrunus PersicafruitApril - NovemberIndefinite
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Pearsfruit treeKorean, Kieffer, Leconte, WarrenPyrus communisfruitAugust/SeptemberApril - NovemberIndefinite
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Persimmonsfruit treeAmerican, Texas Native, and JapaneseDiospyrosfruitAugust/SeptemberIndefinite
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Pineapple Guavafruit treeFeijoa Acca SellowianaFlowers and fruit
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Plumsfruit treeMethley, Chickasaw, Nubiana, Santa Rosa, Weeping Santa RosaPrunus salicinafruitMay - JulyApril - NovemberIndefinite
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Pomegranatefruit treeTexas Red/Russian 18, Russian #26, Nana, King Red, Desertnyi, Asperonski KrasnyiPunica GranatumfruitAugust - NovemberEvergreenIndefinite
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Quincefruit treeChaenomelesfruitApril - NovemberIndefiniteFull SunSandy Loam
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Red Autumn Berry, Saginawfruit tree Elaeagnus umbellate
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Regent Saskatoon Serviceberryfruit tree Amelanchier stolonifera
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Guava, pineapple and strawberryFruit treeRed Cattley GuavaRed Strawberry Guava Psidium littarale var. cattleianumOctober - December
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Wild Cherryfruit treePrunus serotina
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GRAIN
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Grain AmaranthgrainAmaranthusgrainfallApril - NovemberReseeds
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Inland Sea OatsgrainNativeChasmanthiumgrainReseeds
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HERB
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AniseherbPimpenella anisumLeafReseeds
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Steviaherb
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BasilherbManyOcimum basilicumleafmay - novemberApril - NovemberReseeds
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bay laurelherbLaurus nobilisleafall yearEvergreenIndefinite
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BorageherbBorago officinalisleaf and flowermedicinal: diuretic, demulcent, emolient Annual - reseedsFlowers & leaves; leaves have a cucumber like taste and smellFull sun to part shade.1-.3 lbs
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ChamomileherbGermanMatricaria chammomilla
flower and leafmedicinal: sleep aid, stomach sootherfall to early springReseedsFull sun
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ChivesherbGarlicAlium schoenoprasumleafall yearEvergreenIndefinite - bulb
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Cilantro/CorianderherbCoriandrum sativumleafoctober - juneOctober - MayReseeds
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ComfreyherbSymphytumleafEvergreen
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Curry PlantherbHelichrysum italicumleaf
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DillherbAnethum graveolensleafoctober - juneOctober - MayReseeds
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EpazoteherbDysphania ambrosioidesleafmedicinal: carminitive and headache remedy; teaDrying
Either Annual - reseeds and can become invasive - or short lived Perennial Full sun
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FennelherbFoeniculum vulgareleaf. stem/bulblate fall, late springOctober - MayReseeds or roots from stem touching the ground
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Ginger
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Horseradishherb rootArmoracia rusticana
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LavendarherbEnglish, Provincial, SpannishLavendula spp.leafmedicinal: soothing nervine and antimicrobialDryingPerennialFull sunWell drained, gritty, alkaline soilOnce established, lightly fertilize in the spring time
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Lemon balmherbMelissa officinalisleafPerennialFull sun to partial shade**Lemon balm needs to be protected from the Texas sun during the summer. This site references lemon balm growing by sidewalk burning up: http://www.texasgardener.com/pastissues/marapr07/LemonBalm.html
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Lemon GrassherbCymbopogonstemmedicinal: mild sedative, stomachic, diuretic, anti-parasitical, anti-bacterial, antifungal and antimicrobialall yearDryingIndefinite - bulb/cormFull sun to partial shadeRich, loamy soil
needs plenty of nitrogen; fertilize weeklyCan be susceptible to frost; should be mulched in winter to be kept warm; needs constant water -- don't let dry out, especially in summer
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Lemon VerbenashrubAloysia triphyllaPerennialPartial shadeRich, well drained soil
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Mexican HoneysuckleherbRoot, flower, leaves, stemsMany amazing medicinal purposes.last freeze - first freeze
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Mexican Mint Marigold (Texas Tarragon)herbTagetes lucidaleafapril - first freezeAlmost evergreen if there's not a harsh freezeTender perennial, or annual that reeseedsFull sun to partial shade
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MintherbManyMenthaleafapril - first freezeAlmost evergreen if there's not a harsh freezeIndefinite - runners
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OreganoherbMany as well as MarjoramOriganum vulgareleafall yearAlmost evergreen if there's not a harsh freezeIndefinite - runnersFull sunloamy soil
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ParsleyherbFlat LeafPetroselinum crispumleafoctober - juneEvergreen - may bolt in SummerReseeds
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Purple Cone Flower/Echinaceaherb Echinacea atrorubensRootmedicinal: whole flower used for immune system stimulationIndefinite
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Rootbeer Plant herbHoja santa, Piper auritum
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Roselle HibiscusherbRoselle, CranberryHibiscus sabdariffa, Hibiscus AcetosellaCalyxStem fiber
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RosemaryherbManyRosmarinus officinalisleafall yearEvergreenIndefinite
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Sage
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Sorrel (Wood and French)herbWood is native, wild.Oxalis, Rumex scutatusleafEvergreenIndefinite - bulb/corm
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Spearmint, Red Stem Apple Mint herbMentha x gracilis ‘Madalene Hill’
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ThymeherbManyThymusleafEvergreenIndefinite - runners
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Tumericherb
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Wild ArugulaherbSylvettaEruca sativaleafAlmost evergreen if there's not a harsh freeze - bolts in late summer and immediately returns. Can be pruned to encourage continuous growth.Reseeds
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YarrowherbAchillea millefoliumleafMedicinal: Coagulant, blood regulator, astringent, and diaphoretic
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Top-of-the-Brain Perennials
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