2018 SmartDrivingCar Summit Videos
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The Global ViewPlaylist
rom the business case for autonomy to the challenges of mixing the human factor to regulatory to the latest in technology, the presentations from the morning
What's Really in the Showroom Today - Alex Roy #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/UqFVCBkX9k4of Wednesday May 16th set the stage for the 2018 Princeton SmartDrivingCars Summit.
Where is Washington on SmartDrivingCars? #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/8ZIcEkfiUjYPaul Brubaker, CEO of the Alliance for Transportation Innovation (ATI21.org) provides an update on the state of federal regulation and trends.
Implications of the Changing Demographics on SmartDrivingCars #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/arZVqGQI-xgJames W. Hughes looks at how changing demographics will intersect with changes in mobility.
The Changing Mobility Landscape of our Largest Cites #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/FhzICEE5lMkSam Schwartz, Principal of Sam Schwartz Transportation Consultants, looks at the good, the bad and the ugly potential of Level 5 autonomy in urban areas.
AV Mobility: Opportunities & Challenges for Communities: #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/6Ajoe1JO7TUBern Grush discusses the opportunities of decoupling transit vehicle ownership from providing mobility service.
Update on: How well does ACA work in a Testing Environment #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/2xJlMXgUYkkMatt Moore, Senior VP, Highway Loss Data Institute, provides useful data on real-world performance of automated emergency braking systems and more.
Advances in LIDAR State of the Art: #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/uIXnllaBy40John Eggers, Director of Automotive for Velodyne, addresses the question of what makes a good LIDAR.
Doing it with Vision #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/1ThY2Q-5y5ABuilding on work that started 20-years ago, Alberto Broggi discusses Ambarella's low-power chip (4 Watts) that provides 4k resolution stereo vision and allows identification of vehicles up to 200 meters away. They have an algorithm to keep the individual cameras aligned on a frame-by-frame basis, so that stereo vision is maintained. They have also a method for attenuating and ignoring spurious lighting (e.g. sunlight) to prevent blooming effects.

Broggi explains that the chips are integrated into the cameras, so that all the processing is done internally and only data points are provided, so the information that is output is minimal (e.g. objects, lane-markings, etc). He explains how they integrated short-range and long-range 3D cameras to provide a full view that a human could never see. The latest chip also includes built-in compression to allow video streaming and he explains that it is automotive grade.
Transforming Transportation with AI in the Data Center and in the Carhttps://youtu.be/UD45q1aHRwYDanny Shapiro, Senior Director of Automotive for Nvidia, provides a update on progress in using GPUs in the data center and in the car.
Facilitating Technological Innovation in AVsPlaylist
Evolving California Disengagement Reports & Morehttps://youtu.be/B_5uqU0MH7Q“We purposely didn’t put structure around the disengagement reports,” indicates Bernard Soriano, Deputy Director of the California DMV. Speaking at the 2018 SmartDrivingCars Summit on a panel moderated by autonomous vehicle legal expert, Professor Bryant Walker Smith, Soriano explained that the DMV wanted to learn what it needed to learn with its initial autonomous vehicle reporting structure. He said the reports were never meant to compare autonomous vehicle suppliers but were intended on being a window into how autonomous vehicles in California were operating.
2 What Happens When the Pedals and Steering Wheel Are Removed?https://youtu.be/Izpq7D9r0L0Speaking at the 2018 SmartDrivingCar Summit, Nathaniel Beuse, Associate Administrator of NHSTA, indicates that there are no federal impediments to deploying Level 3 and above (for traditional vehicles) on the roadway and points to the guidance document they released in September 2017 as an indicator that NHSTA wants to ensure that there are no unnecessary regulatory impediments to the rollout of autonomous driving systems.
3 FMCSA - Balancing Safety and Innovationhttps://youtu.be/cqT4wQ-NhRQIn the above video Ray Martinez, Administrator for the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), explains that safety is the priority, but, at the same time, the agency must take a forward-looking approach to autonomous driving features.
4 Safety Inspections, Vehicle Maintenance, Updates & More - #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/Zcx7Rq6AouABernard Soriano suggests that the onus on the safety and maintenance of a vehicle is ultimately up to the owner of a vehicle, whether that owner is an individual or fleet. Nathaniel Beuse adds that some of the things NHSTA is trying to understand is the need for updating sensors over (LiDar, radar, stereo vision) over the life of the autonomous vehicle.
5 - What Happens when an AV Supplier Goes Out of Business?https://youtu.be/Zcx7Rq6AouABryant Walker Smith asks what happens if an autonomous vehicle manufacturer company goes out of business and how would the various agencies deal with such a possibility? Some of the issues that NHSTA is looking at, along these lines, is how are things like Over the Air updates should work.
6 - What About Cross-Department Communications?https://youtu.be/pt32JDYzyH8Ray Martinez explains that the FMCSA is also regularly talking to other agencies, such as the Department of Agriculture and the Housing Urban Development and the Department of Labor. Nathaniel Beuse suggests that NHSTA is working with the Department of Labor to identify impacts of autonomous vehicle technology on the impact on the workforce.
7 - What about Hours of Service for Commercial Vehicles?https://youtu.be/REzYcuxwoscMaintenance and inspections will become even more important when autonomy is added to commercial vehicles, according to Ray Martinez of the FMCSA. Eventually, there will be some new rulemakings to account for the changing roles of man and machine in the commercial vehicles’ driver seat.
8 Monitoring the Progress of Driver Monitoring Systemshttps://youtu.be/rpDMVcG5Rm0NHSTA’s Nathaniel Beuse explains that they are monitoring the progress of Driver Monitoring Systems (e.g. tracking driver awareness), but, at this point, does not see a compelling case for a mandate for such a system.
9 What About Enhancing the Workplace for the Driver?https://youtu.be/--Qgam_3lnAFMCSA’s Ray Martinez sees advantages for those companies that make driver safety and comfort a priority. NHSTA’s Beuse indicates that the monitoring data provides an opportunity to provide near real-time feedback that can help truck drivers improve their driving.
10 - When Will Commercial AV Deployments Occur in California?https://youtu.be/sZ2lTV1lI4wFrom a DMV perspective, they have testing and deployment paths available today (although the California CPUC has new rules for autonomous taxi services that could slow commercial deployment). Soriano indicates that there are no plans to require existing human drivers to be tested on how to drive in an environment that includes autonomous vehicles.
11 Remote Driver Facilitationhttps://youtu.be/EDyxYzGXh6INathaniel Beuse suggests that remote driving is distinct from automated driving. He says that NHSTA has been asking for scenarios for when remote driving would be needed in conjunction with automation.
12 - What Regulatory Resources Are Missing?https://youtu.be/UqjR1z2FkjERay Martinez is asked whether the FMCSA is looking at creating greater obligations for vehicles that carry multiple passengers. Finally, the panel is closed with a question from Bryant Walker Smith regarding the types of resources these agencies would ideally have.
Continuing to move the ball forward by those who have the most to gain:Insurance, Mobility Providers & Innovators #SmartDrivingCars
The 2018 SmartDrivingCar Summit featured a robust discussion on how automated safety features can save human and financial costs today, even prior to achieving the promises of driverless automation.
Pierce Transit - Extending Washington State Bus Transit Experience #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/jHDHOLtIsaEJerry Lutrin provides a case study that found that insurance companies and pools have a financial incentive to add automation because of safety improvements (the resulting reduction in claims). One of the findings is that the collision warning system effectively trained the drivers to driver safer.

The net result was $1,000 to $2,000 in annual per bus savings.
A View from the Underwriter - #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/R2dvxjmhukoMichael Scrudato of Munich RE indicates that the car insurance business is not profitable. He also points out that the automotive market is evolving. Scrudato indicates that they are trying to build the business model for safety. He gives an example of how they are using data to coach the drivers.

Scrudato points out that insurance is available for autonomous vehicles and that insurance will not be a barrier to rollout.
Anticipating Reduced Loss Using AI #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/F7h9ABuIzc0AI has become a commodity and, today, it is possible to have cutting-edge AI that would have been available to only a few 5 years ago, according to Michael Cherkassky, CEO of Stratyfy. He points out that AI is a natural fit and opportunity for the insurance industry. From a safety perspective, the insurance company can use AI data to create pricing mechanisms that encourage safety features and/or encourage driverless.
Dealership Opportunities and Challenges #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/8A2AzNHHQ1cSheldon Sandler, CEO, Bel Air Partners, talks about the auto dealer market and the $1 Trillion market. With 1.1 million employees, they have and an average revenue of $60M per dealership. He describes dealerships that are effectively sales operations with a short-term outlook, where most of their profits are from financing and service, even though the majority of the revenue is from car sales.

But, with their deep community roots, protective strong state franchising laws and a robust nationwide lobby, the U.S.'s 16,000 dealers, 90% of which are independently-owned, are a strong political force that will resist changes to their business model (e.g. the resistance to Tesla's direct sales approach).
Why Not Go Direct to the Manufacturer? #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/4hKbu1iHULgAn example of the political power of the auto dealerships is that large fleets cannot order directly from manufacturers, according to Sheldon Sandler.
6 What about the ROI for AEB on Public Transit #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/m6xuZSQFRJoJerry Lutrin addresses the return on investment for adding safety features to public transit buses.
7 Did AEB change drivers behavior? SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/N_fFgwfcGbUJerry Lutrin provides additional detail of how automatic emergency braking and collision warning improved the driving of the pilot bus drivers.
8 Insuring the Bandwidth of Remote Teleoperations - #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/V3PGSdbhHCYMichael Scrudato asks the question of whether and how bandwidth will be insured in those cases where teleoperations are used as a back-up for autonomous vehicles. Will the telecommunications company require insurance? Part of the answer to insuring bandwidth, at least until robust networks are built, then geo-fencing may be part of the answer, as well as automatic parking of a vehicle when it loses connection.
9 What about the implementation of technology to reduce insurance costs - #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/1LLu95tIrfkUp to 68% of crashes could be prevented using today's automotive after-market safety technology. Although this number wouldn't be achieved in practice, as many of the crashes still rely on human reactions, the overall gains in human and financial terms that could be had from adding automatic safety features is significant.
Progress in China, Europe with Self-Driving TechnologyChallenges and Opportunities for SmartDrivingCar Demonstrations in China, #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/mbeG-GXYrTYLawrence Liu provides an overview of some of the testing and standards that occurring in China, as well as developments with autonomous buses and trucks.
Ride Hailing: Why it Needs Technology, Where it is as a Business; Where it is as a Developer/Tester;
From New York to China to Brazil, a panel of experts discuss how lessons learned from Ride-Hailing and Taxis can be applied to future autonomous ride-sharing vehicles at the 2018 SmartDrivingCar Summit.
Sharing Could Be the Answer to Congestion & More #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/Y24VxS7eNqQBy the end of the year or early next year, the ridership of TNC and Taxis will exceed that of buses in the United States, according to Bruce Schaller of Schaller Consulting. This has led to an increase in Vehicle Miles Traveled and he believes that sharing of autonomous vehicles is imperative to ensure their introduction doesn't create a net negative to society. He explains how vehicle sharing could offset these negative effects. He uses simple math, as bringing in real-data to prove his point.
But What About the Desire of People to Drive Alone?https://youtu.be/B8bVMZT0QbcMelba Kurman points out that autonomous vehicles will have new form factors that could mitigate traffic. Ridesharing is also fighting the desire of people to have a space of their own.
AV and AI Role in Didi's Successhttps://youtu.be/2IFDLY4bkXwDr. Fengmin Gong of the Didi Research Institute talks about how they are using big data and AI to help with the global transformation of transportation, improving the environment and quality of life. He says they start with with security and safety.
How Do You Encourage People to Use Public Transit?https://youtu.be/uKJYjn8H8rcBruce Schaller discussing the idea of right-sizing vehicles for different routes to both improve efficiency and encourage people to share vehicles.
What are the security issues that Didi is seeing? #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/FkqqyjWSI-cFrom customers that deal in cash to common cybersecurity concerns', Fengmin Gong, explains some of the challenges Didi has faced in creating a safe ride-hailing platform.
What aTaxis Must Learn from the Jitney Taxi and App Based Ride Hailing #SmartDrivingCarshttps://youtu.be/80g1N3UDTsIAs former commissioner of the New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission, Matthew W. Daus, Esq. gives an important perspective of what autonomous taxis need to find success.
Near-Term Deployments in the U.S. #SmartDrivingCar
A panel of experts provide updates on various U.S. deployments of autonomous vehicles. After, there is a robust discussion about the challenges and opportunities of rolling out autonomous vehicles, as well as the impact they will have on things like the built-environment, land-value and more.
Separating Mobility from Rolling Stock - #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/gE0vnH_Cb8QBern Grush describes how cities can leverage TNCs (Transportation Network Companies) to provide better service at lower and variable cost by using a middleware approach.
Greenville SC - The Poster Child for Self Driving Cars #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/DZjmuJ-f-BYFred Payne describes what Greenville, South Carolina's is doing to implementing autonomous vehicles as part of a holistic approach to a next-generation transit system.
Creating a Mobility Revolution in Concord - #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/9d0sdHjxaLkStan Young provides an overview of the GoMentum, 5,000 acre DOT-approved proving ground in Concord, CA and its progress.
Beverly Hills - Looking for an Autonomous Vehicle Solution for its Citizens - #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/XBXb-GhuPVgGrayson Brulte, co-founder of Brulte & Associates, discusses the need for autonomous vehicles in Beverly Hills. They have a demand for a better service in their community. Brulte also discusses his efforts and partnership with SAE in demo days, where they are providing demonstrations to the public.
Energy Impacts on Connected Autonomous Electric Vehicles - #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/9cuQHXauId4Stan Young discusses the research NREL is doing to understand the impact of autonomous, connected and electric vehicles on energy use. He discusses the concept of automated mobility districts as well. He discusses the Mobility Energy Productivity metric (MEP), which is still being developed, but will measure include multiple sub-metrics.
Exploring New Built-Environments with Shannon McDonald #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/wJK0UXGeYukIf you really want to eliminate parking, then you need to eliminate vehicle use by creating connectivity between transit, walking, personal transit and biking, according to Southern Illinois University Associate Professor Shannon McDonald. She provides a couple examples of projects; one a mixed-used community in Florida (Babcock Ranch) and San Jose State with its Spartan Superway, Personal Rapid Transit.
Houston Autonomous Shuttle Pilot #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/DvE7DK-wDkMSam Lott provides an overview of the plans in Houston to deploy an autonomous shuttle that will eventually connect to autonomous buses.
Discussion Challenges to Deploymenthttps://youtu.be/wMbsK0wwkD8The group discusses the challenges of deploying autonomous vehicles in the United States. The Rhode Island RFP is referenced as one that should be looked at by anyone interested in this topic.
Near Term Autonomous Vehicle Deployment - Where are the Real Estate Interests? #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/6vckz-sl7fAIt is pointed out that real estate development was always part of past transportation networks (e.g. railroads and the giveaway of land to encourage railroads to be built to the hinterlands). A long discussion follows.
Lunch Keynote - Vinn WhiteWhere is New Jersey Fitting In, - #SmartDrivingCar https://youtu.be/G_7aMoMTmAIVinn White, Senior Policy Advisor in the Office of New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy, provides an update on the thinking of the executive branch in New Jersey. They are looking at a multi-modal approach to mobility that puts safety above all else. He suggests all options are on the table to get mobility to all parts of New Jersey and that the State of New Jersey is open to ideas and open to discussion about autonomous vehicles.
Preparation of Key Findings, Needs & Actionable Next StepsSummit Findings & Next Steps - 2018 #SmartDrivingCar Summit
Various participants summarize key findings from the various workshops held at the closing session of the 2018 #SmartDrivingCar Summit. Although there was great sharing of information and learnings at the 2018 SmartDrivingCar Summit, a common conlusion is that more work needs to be done. So, hold the date of May 14th-16th, 2019, as next year's Summit promises to continue the conversation.
Insurance Workshop Summary - 2018 #SmartDrivingCar Summithttps://youtu.be/elURbD9ruHgDr. Kornhauser provides a brief summary of written comments from the Insurance Workshop, while one of the participants in the follows up with his comments. He concludes that there are three general conclusions; 1) all the various groups need to be engaged. 2) education is required, and 3) Review existing statutes at state, local and federal levels to ensure rollout of autonomous technologies.
Sensors Summary - 2018 SmartDrivingCar Summithttps://youtu.be/BdUJHS3hCckFred Fishkin discusses the panel he participated in which dealt with the various sensors required for autonomous vehicles. Creating safe infrastructure for geo-fenced applications was also an idea brought forth in the panel. Security was a topic of discussion. Chinese car-maker GAC Motor told of their plans to enter the market in 2019. Further, research on ridesharing suggests that it could cut vehicle miles traveled by 30%.
China and Europe - #SmartDrivingCar Summithttps://youtu.be/-GC-3zGFCuYMichael Sena provides a detailed overview of the breakout session on the near-term progress with autonomous vehicle deployments in China and Europe; two very distinct markets. Some key findings that transcend Europe and China include

- Trust is needed
- High-costs, prior to scale, have to be dealt with
- Security is a major concern
- Technology still isn't where it needs to be for mass deployment
Urban Planning - 2018 #SmartDrivingCar Summithttps://youtu.be/bn939ejGv9sScott Levin describes the workshop regarding the impact on urban planning. The biggest benefit could be the reduction of pain and suffering. The city of LA is looking at how they can be proactive and be able to pivot as needed. The idea of distributed batteries as a way of powering freight and transit was discussed. One study in Germany suggests that pantographs would only be needed in 4 to 5% of given routes.
Ridesharing, Rideshare, Rideshare - 2018 #SmartDrivingCar Summithttps://youtu.be/PQnTLVEENsgSmartDrivingCar Summit organizer, Alain Kornhauser, discusses the workshop on ridesharing. Fleet sharing, fleet charging and road sharing were discussed. Kornhauser suggested that the early markets for ride-hailing/ride-sharing may not be in Manhattan, but in suburban and less dense markets.
Transit Mobility Is a Necessity - Final Comments #SmartDrivingCarhttps://youtu.be/G_7aMoMTmAIPrinceton's Dr. Kornhauser makes an impassioned argument that autonomous vehicle operators not design for the 1% and, instead, focus on those people who are mobility-challenged and that are in areas where public transit isn't good, such as suburban New Jersey.

He expresses his surprise and appreciation for Vinn White's talk at the 2018 Annual SmartDrivingCar Summit and is optimistic that things may change in New Jersey.

He thanks everyone for their participation and attendance and invites everyone to the SmartDrivingCar Summit on May 14th-16th, 2019.