Pan-American Summit Matrices
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Pan-American Summit
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Officer(s):Krina Shah
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PositionDescription of PositionCountriesKey Country Position InformationNet Migration from the CountryPopulation Growth (percentage)
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High Prevalence of Illegal ImmigrationCountries in this category have high rates of individuals crossing into their borders illegally, and residing in such country undocumented.BelizeA large issue that Belize is facing is the influx of undocumented immigrants in the workforce. This is resulting in public outcry from citizens as well as a negative economic impact. In addition, illegal immigration rates are only increasing, making this issue one that is incredibly prevalent in today's day and age. 7,5942
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BoliviaBolivia's immigration policies are extremely relaxed, resulting in many individuals who purposely take advantage of its policies. Bolivia imposes a fine on people who bypass the immigration laws. This policy however is rarely enforced and does nothing to address the issues that the country is facing as a result. -61,7941.5
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BrazilBrazil has estimated to have had over 600,000 illegal immigrants within its borders. Although an issue in terms of crime rates, a large portion of immigrants are seeing asylum from poor economic conditions, and have turned to Brazil's booming state. Brazil wishes to aid such individuals (typically coming from Bolivia and Haiti) without hurting its own state. 15,9240.8
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ChileAs a result of the flourishing political and economic climate. Most illegal immigrants come from Peru or the Caribbean, and as a result of maintaining a 30 year old immigration policy, while other countries become more strict, Chile has become a hotbed for illegal immigration. 80,8200.8
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Costa RicaCosta Rica is estimated to receive about 100 illegal immigrants per day. However, in most cases, these individuals do not seek to stay in Costa Rica but rather move through the country to reside in the United States. 19,6581
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Dominican RepublicThousands of Haitian migrant workers cross the border to the Dominican Republic each day, as a result of the two countries sharing the land of Hispaniola. The Dominican Republic does not favor the mass migration of individuals to its country, especially because these workers are impacting the economic state of the country. -153,0101.1
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HondurasHonduras serves as a transit point for ten of thousands of undocumented children to be sent to the United States for various illicit activities. In previous years, Honduras has worked with the United States to stop the illegal movement of these individuals through their borders as a means to not only help the individuals, but the countries themselves. -15,0011.7
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MexicoMexico is one of the largest hotbeds for illegal immigration because the country itself harbours many undocumented individuals, and also serves as a transit point to North American countries. Mexico plays an incredibly integral in the debate over illegal immigration as it has many implications over its role in the issue.-300,0001.3
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PanamaPanama is one of the most important destination countries for individuals moving into the Central American region. That being said, although it experiences large scale illegal immigration, Panama has a relaxed immigration policy and has decriminalized immigration violations. 28,1051.6
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USAThe United States, in recent years, has created a very stick immigration policy. Additionally, the United States operates the world’s largest immigration detention system. The United States is the largest destination for immigrants, and is the destination for many individuals that use other Pan-American countries as transit points to gain access to the United States. 4,500,0000.7
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Moderate Prevalence of Illegal ImmigrationCountries in this category have moderate rates of individuals crossing into their borders illegally, and residing in such country undocumented.Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda has the most open immigration policy in comparison to all of the nations in the Caribbean. That being said, Antigua and Barbuda receives a large portion of immigrants who are undocumented, and therefore grants amnesty for those individuals frequently. However, in recent years, the country has cracked down on illegal immigration and aims to keep its borders open, as long as it doesn't lead to any long term damage to the nation.-561
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BahamasThe Bahamas has illegal immigration prevalent within its borders, and while it does have laws in place to combat such acts, nothing has been done to fix the state of illegal immigration. Moreover, there is a large anti-illegal immigrant sentiment as many citizens call to importance how undocumented immigrants deplete resources. Although the problem of illegal immigration is moderate, Bahamas wishes to eradicate illegal immigration in the near future. 9,6721.1
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CanadaThe number of undocumented immigrants in Canada is around 150,000 people. Currently, policies state that it is illegal for companies in Canada to hire undocumented workers, but this law is rarely enforced. Many illegal immigrants in Canada are those who are brought for cheap labor, or people who overstay visas.1,145,7211.2
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ColombiaWhile Colombia doesn't receive many illegal immigrants from nations that are in the Pan-American Summit (Illegal immigrants are typically of South Asian descent), illegal immigration proves to be a factor that impacts its flourishing economy and security. In addition, Colombia proves to be in favor of stricter immigration laws, and hopes to implement stricter policies in the future.-144,9980.9
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EcuadorEcuador has adopted the principle of “universal citizenship” in the past, however, in recent years, it has become much more strict with its immigration policies, as a means to mirror Argentina and the United States. As of now, asylum seekers and refugees are the groups typically accepted in the country, but even now the definition of what constitutes a refugee has become narrow.-38,0011.5
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El SalvadorDeportation of illegal immigrants is not properly regulated in Salvadoran law, however, the country has established a specialised detention facility, which holds more than a 1,000 people a year. In addition, El Salvador accepts those seeking asylum, but still concentrates many of its efforts to stop illegal immigrants.-240,4150.5
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GuyanaLike most countries in the Southern America, Guyana serves as a transit point for individuals to gain access to more developed countries in the Pan-American region. However, often times, it is observed that these people do not make it out of Guyana and tend to stay in the country instead of seeking refuge elsewhere. -27,2780.6
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ParaguayDeportation of illegal immigrants is not properly regulated by the law, and movement between Brazil and Paraguay is not regulated well, if at all. This results in a large avenue for illicit activities being carried out and has resulted in a negative impact on Paraguay's economy. -86,7001.3
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PeruPeru has had eased immigration laws in the past, but currently it is emulating a majority of South American countries in trying to become stricter with immigration policies. Peru wishes to maintain relaxed immigration policy, however fears that it must keep up with bordering countries in order to remain as successful as they have been. -240,0001.3
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SurinameSuriname tends to receive illegal immigrants from China, however, in terms of immigration policy, individuals can pay a fine to regularize their status. Having a generally relaxed immigration policy, Suriname wishes to keep it that way for years to come. -5,0000.9
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Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago is one of the wealthiest countries in the Caribbean, and as a result has created a stressed effort increase detention and deportation as a matter of national security and hopes to maintain this stringent policy in the future.-4,9990.4
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UruguayBeing the country with the highest GDP per capita in Latin America, it has a broad middle-class, modern infrastructure and solid institutions, this makes Uruguay a valuable place for illegal immigrants who are seeking work to reside. Uruguay's policies are generally relaxed in comparison to other PAS countries. -30,0000.4
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Low Prevalence of Illegal ImmigrationCountries in this category have low rates of individuals crossing into their borders illegally, and residing in such country undocumented.ArgentinaArgentina has very recently cracked down immensely on immigration, mirroring President Trump's sentiments for immigration. In allowing deportation of these people to be easier and expedited, as well as border security tightened, the rates of illegal immigration in Argentina are projected to plummet. Additionally, many of the people residing in Argentina favor this policy as it doesn't allow people to take advantage of the health and education services. 30,0001
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BarbadosWhile Barbados has general laws against illegal immigration, there is very little illegal immigration that occurs within its borders. Barbados wishes to eradicate most forms of illegal immigration through more stringent policies. 2,1800.3
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CubaCuba does not have high rates of illegal immigration due to the sanctions they've placed on travel to the country. As a result of these sanctions, visits to the country are restricted to those who have business in the country, as well as its geography, immigration is limited. While Cuba doesn't experience illegal immigration in it's country, many people leave it's borders and enter others illegally which hurts the PAS as a whole. -73,2710.1
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DominicaDominica, like most Caribbean island nations, has a fairly relaxed immigration policy. However, due to its size and geography, it doesn't face much migration to the island. -1,0000.1
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GuatemalaAs a country, Guatemala does not experience much illegal immigration to its country, however, masses of Guatemala's citizens leave the country and settle in Mexico and the US illegally. Also, drug cartels and individuals involved with illicit trade have eased access to other countries because of the relaxed policies. -50,1312
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HaitiAs a result of the destitute economy and state of the nation after the 2010 earthquake, there isn't much immigration to the country at all. However, many countries in the Pan-American region have seen a rise in illegal Haitian citizens in their borders as a result of these people trying to escape the poor conditions.-150,0001.3
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JamaicaIn 2017, the government of Jamaica granted amnesty to all illegal immigrants living within its borders. As a result, Jamaica has low amounts of undocumented individuals residing in the country leading to little issues with illegal immigration as a whole. -93,0960.3
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NicaraguaNicaragua is one of the poorest countries in the Americas, which makes it an unpopular destination for immigrants due to the low economic opportunity it provides. Nicaragua's role in the issue of illegal immigration lies in providing aid to surrounding countries and supporting resolutions that will benefit the economy. -135,0001.1
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Saint LuciaBeing a small island country in the Caribbean, a large portion of illegal immigration doesn't affect Saint Lucia. However, Saint Lucia wishes to focus its efforts on aiding other countries in stopping illegal immigration and those who came from Saint Lucia. 400.5
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Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadines is a small country within the Pan-American region and as a result of this, not much illegal immigration effects the region. However, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is open to create resolutions with other countries to combat such activity.-5,0000.2
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VenezuelaAlthough Venezuela doesn't experience illegal immigration firsthand, due the immense political instability and unrest occurring within the nation, Venezuelans are fleeing the country by the masses in order to leave the unsafe conditions. Venezuela needs the side of other countries in the PAS to combat these issues. -69,1211.3
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