Art 34 Summer 2016 Course Timeline
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YearMonthDayTimeEnd YearEnd MonthEnd DayEnd TimeDisplay DateHeadlineTextMediaMedia CreditMedia CaptionMedia ThumbnailTypeGroupBackground
140016001475Italian Renaissance In the early reneaissance, paintings displayed spirituality and angelic figures.  The Renaissance was a complete rebirth in the sciences, philosophy and the arts. Stephanie, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
149014901490Vitruvian ManThe Vitruvian Man illustrates the special blend of mathematics and art during the Renaissance. The Vitruvian Man provides the perfect example of Leonardo Da Vinci's keen interest in proportion. In addition, this picture represents a cornerstone of Leonardo's attempts to relate man to nature. (, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
151115121512Creation of Adam The Creation of Adam differs from typical Creation scenes painted up until that time. Here, two figures dominate the scene: God on the right, and Adam on the left. God is shown inside a floating nebulous form made up of drapery and other figures. In all, the painting shows several hallmarks of Michelangelo’s painting style: the lounging position of both Adam and God, the use of bodies which are both muscular and twisting, and the painting of figures who come across as works of sculpture. (, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
17671767Fragonard’s The SwingProbably the most notable Rococo peice! Created by Jean Honore Fragonard, captures the jolly leisure that appeared in most rococo art.é Fragonard, The Swing, 1767, oil on canvas, 81 x 64.2 cm (Wallace Collection, London)Helen
14861486Italian Renaissance
Birth of Venus by Botticelli, shows how the painter depicts the time period for a revival in Greek Mythology; it also shows how the human body is now displayed naked and its anatomy is balanced. It embraces womens sensuality and divine beauty. The traces of gold and the floating flowers emphasizes the natural beauty of women. (SMARTHISTORY,, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
176018101760-1810NeoclassicismJacques-Louis David, Napoleon Crossing the Alps or Bonaparte at the St Bernard Pass, 1800-1, oil on canvas.
1717Antoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to CytheraAntoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717, oil on canvas, 4′ 3″ x 6′ 4 1/2″ (Musée du Louvre, Paris)
14341434Northern Renaissance Jan Van Eyck, The Arnolfini Portrait, tempera and oil on wood, 1434, 82.2 x 60 cm (National Gallery, London)
1599160516011600What is Baroque?Baroque, the European artistic style of the 1600s, targeted the senses using virtuosity and realism, reaching the mind through emotion rather than reason. The term Baroque was coined in the 1700s from the Portuguese word for an irregular pearl, barroco, suggesting the work was composed of distorted forms of histrionic subjects. Baroque art has qualities of theatricality, movement, and exuberance. Artists—like others of the time who were interested in studying, understanding, and recording the world—applied their faculties of keen observation to render details of the physical world and of human psychology. (, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
18001789RomanticismRomanticism Era was first introduced during the 1800s,beause of the aftermath of the French Revolution of 1789. Three famous artist that where well known are Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, Baron Antoine Jean Gros and Eugène Delacroix’s.   An 1806, painting Napoleon on His Imperial Throne. In this artistic creation, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres indicates Napoleon as a head of the French Army. Napoleon utilized art and artist to address his political and once in a while his military power. He utilized one of the best-known pictures that described the end of his power. Making him feels like he was a god or a ruler based on that painting. Napoleon was a French revolutionary from 1804-1814.Melanie Ward... Hassam Paul... Sophia Phillip... Sonia Phillip
177018501830sRomanticism: Liberty Leading The PeopleLiberty Leading the People is a painting by Eugène Delacroix commemorating the July Revolution of 1830, which toppled King Charles X of France.Oil on canvas,206cm X 325cm, is located in Louvre., Junliang
17011701Louis XIVHyacinthe Rigaud, Louis XIV, 1701, oil on canvas, 114 x 62 5/8 in (The J. Paul Getty Museum)
17501750François Boucher, Madame de PompadourFrançois Boucher, Madame de Pompadour, oil on canvas, 1750 (extention of canvas and additional painting likely added by Boucher later) (Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts)
17891789Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, Madame PerregauxÉlisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, Madame Perregaux, 1789, oil on oak panel, 99.6 x 78.5 cm (Wallace Collection, London)
17451745Nécessaire with watchDate:probably ca. 1745–50Culture:GermanMedium:Casket: gold and mother-of-pearl, lined with dark-red velvet; Watch: brass and partly blued steelDimensions:Overall (confirmed): 4 1/4 × 5 1/16 × 3 3/4 in. (10.8 × 12.9 × 9.5 cm); Diameter (back plate): 1 1/4 in. (3.2 cm)Classification:Metalwork-Gold and PlatinumCredit Line:The Jack and Belle Linsky Collection, 1982Accession Number:1982.60.135 Gallery 540 Metropolitan Museum of Art.Helen
18091809The Abbey in the OakwoodCaspar David Friedrich, The Abbey in the Oakwood, 1809-10, oil on canvas, 110 x 171 cm (Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin)
17611760Brief Discription:NeoclassicismThe French Revolution happened during the neoclasscial period. It was also the age of the enlightenments, where philosophers believed in science,logic, reason, and nature. Artworks around this period focused on smooth drawings or paintings,clear shadings,distinct depiction of forms,human anatomy, strong horizontal and vertical lines, and symmtery. Most of the neoclassicism's artwork were serious, narrative,and heoric., Alana , Anwar
1762Jacques Louis David: NeoclassicismJacques David born on August 30th 1748, was an influential artist in the neoclassical art style. He deviated from the lightheaded Rococo movement, for neoclassicism.

Some of Jacques David most notable works includes "Oath of the Horatii" and "The death of Socrates." of the Horatii
One of the best known paintings in the neoclassical art style, by Jacques David.
The painting portrays three brothers saluting to swords that's in their fathers hand.
Inspired from a Roman legend of two opposing cities. The painting profoundly illustrates strength and patriotism.
Roswell, Alana , Anwar
18301830Liberty leading the PeopleThe French Revolution happened within the neoclasscial period. It was also the age of the enlightenment(reason). Artworks around this period focused
16041604Crowning with Thornes by CaravaggioThe Church’s emphasis on art’s pastoral role prompted artists to experiment with new and more direct means of engaging the viewer. Artists like Caravaggio turned to a powerful and dramatic realism, accentuated by bold contrasts of light and dark, and tightly-cropped compositions that enhance the physical and emotional immediacy of the depicted narrative. Caravaggio depicts this in the Crowning with Thorns by the movement of the two men crowning Jesus. (SMARTHISTORY,, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
165018001778ROCOCO Élisabeth Louise Vigée-LeBrun, Archduchess Marie Antoinette, Queen of FranceÉlisabeth Louise Vigée-LeBrun, Archduchess Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, 1778, oil on canvas, 273 x 193.5 cm (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna)
150315041504Michelangelo's DavidThe David we are presented with here is a nude man with a very muscular physique. His veins are visible in his arms and hands as he clutches the stones with one hand and the slingshot in the other. His hands and his head appear to be disproportionally large for his body, possibly because they were deemed more visually important for viewers who would see the statue high up on the exterior of the cathedral. Michelangelo has depicted David so that his body responds to the stance he is in. ( by MichelangeloStephanie, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
18651865Ugolino and His SonsArtist:Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (French, Valenciennes 1827–1875 Courbevoie)
Culture:French, Paris Pedestal (wt. confirmed): 3759 lb. (1705.1 kg)
Credit Line:Purchase, Josephine Bay Paul and C. Michael Paul Foundation Inc. Gift, Charles Ulrick and Josephine Bay Foundation Inc. Gift, and Fletcher Fund, 1967
Accession Number:67.250
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 548 Metropolitan Museum of Art.Helen
18211821Saturn Devouring One Of His SonsFrancisco de Goya y Lucientes, Saturn Devouring One Of His Sons, 1821-1823, 143.5 x 81.4 cm (Prado, Madrid)
161716171617Self Portrait as a Lute Player by Artemisia This is a self portrait of female artist, ARTEMISIA GENTILESCHI. It was painted in between 1615 and 1617. She was innovative because she was one of the few successful female painters during the Italian Barouqe period. This painting captures her essence as an independent woman during a time where women were still second class citizens. It also captures her renewed sense of self discovery after a brutal rape that she endured. (Source:, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
18281828Gothic Windows in the Ruins of the Monastery at OybinArtist:Carl Gustav Carus (German, Leipzig 1789–1869 Dresden)
Date:ca. 1828
Medium:Oil on canvas
Dimensions:17 x 13 1/4 in. (43.2 x 33.7 cm) Frame: 21 3/4 x 17 7/8 x 2 1/4 in. (55.2 x 45.4 x 5.7 cm)
Classification:Paintings Accession Number:2007.192
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 807 Metropolitan Museum of Art.Helen
165018001650-1800ROCOCO Élisabeth Louise Vigée-LeBrun, Self-Portrait, 1790, oil on canvas, 100 x 81 cm (Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
162216251625Apollo and Daphne by Bernini Apollo and Daphne is a very graphic sculpture that was created in 1622-1625 by an Italian artist by the name of Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The sculpture shows the immense masterful craftsmanship of Bernini as he painstakingly recreates the apex of the story behind Apollo and Daphne. A love that is destined never to be, can be no more than an epic tragedy. (TotallyHistory,, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
160018001629sPortraiture: A Musician and His Daughter Thomas de Keyser, Medium:Oil on wood. Dimensions:29 1/2 x 20 3/4 in. (74.9 x 52.7 cm)Classification:PaintingsCredit Line:Gift of Edith Neuman de Végvár, in honor of her husband, Charles Neuman de Végvár, 1964 metropolitan museum of artShuling, Junliang
18001804Famous Artist: Baron Antoine-Jean Gros.Antoine-Jean Gros was born in Paris on March 16, 1771. He was deceased in the year 1835. in his succesful years as an artist he painted a wide spread scene, Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Pest House in Jaffa in the year 1804. the years 1798-1801 Gros explained his artwork and described it as Gros depicts Napoleon’s arriving in Egypt. Melanie Ward... Hassam Paul... Sophia Phillip... Sonia PhillipMaking the rounds at a hospital where his dying troops where stationed. AT the horrific scene Napoleon’s duty was to calm his servicemen through this warzone, he even affected one of the sores of the wounded.Basically, he (Napoleon) had a God like attitdue and it showed in this painting.
165216521652Ecstasy of Saint Teresa by BerniniThe Ecstasy of Saint Teresa depicts a scene that Teresa wrote about in her own autobiography. In it, she described an angel who pierced her heart multiple times with fire-tipped spear. This act sent her into what she described as a spiritual rapture.
The sculpture shows a lithe, delicate angel who resembles cupid holding an arrow aloft, poised to strike Teresa. With curly hair and dainty features, the angel has a graceful air. Theresa herself seems to have collapsed. Her eyes are closed and her head is thrown back in what seems to be rapture. Bronze rains down behind the sculpture, seeming to illuminate it, and the figures appear to float on a cloud. (, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
161616551640The painting represents Tamar being raped by her brother, Amnon. According to II Samuel 13:1–22, Amnon, a son of David, fell in love with his sister Tamar, and with a friend conceived of a ruse whereby he feigned illness and requested his sister attend him. When alone, he turned on her and raped her. Overcome with revulsion for what he had done, he then had her expulsed from the bedchamber. Their brother Absalom discovered the deed and had Amnon slain. This picture was painted when Le Sueur was still deeply influenced by his teacher, Simon Vouet C Miller
18001827Eugène Delacroix, The Death of SardanapalusMr. Delacroix was born on April 26, 1798, Charenton-Saint-Maurice, France and died August 13, 1863, Paris. is the story of Assyrian, the ruler of the last king that govenerd the city of Nineveh also known as Iraq in present time. In this painting Mr. Delacroix captures so much emotions, the way he express the thing and people that the King loved by slaughtering them before his enemy had the chance to. The King figured the best way to get back at the people he was fightning against was to destroy his Empire, he got a sense of pride, he felt ike he had the upper hand and that he was ten steps ahead.Melanie Ward... Hassam Paul... Sophia Phillip... Sonia Phillip
177018501818-1819Romanticism: Raft of the MedusaRaft of the Medusa is an oil painting of 1818–1819 by the French Romantic painter and lithographer Théodore Géricault (1791–1824). Completed when the artist was 27, the work has become an icon of French Romanticism. At 491 cm × 716 cm (16' 1" × 23' 6"), It Located in Louvre, Paris., Junliang
168217211682-1721Jean Antonie WatteauJean Antonie Watteau (French) was known as the father of rococo. He was born in 1684 in his ealrier years of apinting he was employed to claude Gillot also a well known artist at the time Jean was his assistant. Jean study under him and came into his own style of painting invented a new genre of style called fetes. Fetes is the type of way Jean would paint his art work.He also best known for his elegantly dressed figures in outdoor and indoor spaces. BrownRococo
173218061732-1806Jean Honore Fragonard Jean Honore Fragonard adapted Jean A.W style of art during the end of the 18th century. Jean who is most famous for his painting the swing made over 500 paintings in his life. Brown
17631769Ruler: Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon was born in the Mediterranean island of Corsica in 1769. He was sent to a military school and gaduated at the age of 16. Then became a second artillery lieutenant of the French army. During the French revolution, he was promoted to captain, commander, then general. He had control of the entire French army and invaded almost all of his neighboing countries. Napoleon also introduced the Napoleonic Code: individual liberty,freedom of conscience, and quality before the law of all men. Then after a failed attempt on invading Russia the French got fed up and Napoleon was exiled to a small island callled St. Helena and died at the age of 51., Alana , Anwar
17641805The Coronation of NapoleonNapoleon comissioned Jacques Louis David for this painting. In 1804 Napoleon crowned himself as the emperor and a coronation ceremony was held in the Notre-Dame Cathedral. David was also present during this event aswell, back in his studio he reconstrcted the scene with cardboard moadels and wax figurines. The focus of the work was on the action in the center thats illuminated with a beam of light. The emperor's two brothers and sisters are drawn on the left, and his mother looking down from the VIP gallery. Everyones eye were turned towards the crown. In David's initial sketches, Napolen was drawn at the moment he was crowning himself, but the final work ends up being the moment he was crowning his wife. (Museum)Roswell, Alana , Anwar
150915101509School of AthensThe School of Athens was painted between 1509-1510 by Raphael. It represents the different braches of knowledge during the Italian Renaissance, which were poetry, law, philosophy and theology, but its main theme was philosophy. This piece shows the true depth of Raphael's work as an artist School of Athens Stephanie, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
172818081830The landscape in this painting shows a small farm community on a cloudy but nice day gathering water and working together. of Jean Pillement(French,Lyons)Sherwin MillerStephanie, Frank, Yvette, Danielle, and Nusrat
17651793The Death of MaratThis is a painting of the murdered French revolutionary leader Jean Paul Marat, painted by the leading French painter Jacques Louis David. Marat was killed by Charlotte Corday. She was part of a political group called the Girondon. She was an enemy to Marat and blamed him for the September Massacre.  Marat had a skin condition that made himspend much of his time in a bathtub, and he would often work there and do lots of writings. Corday entered his room one day and stabbed him. Marat's head and arm have sunk down, but the dead hand still holds pen and paper. David has used a dark background to intensify the significance, making it concentrate on the lowered head., Alana , Anwar
17661787The Death of SocratesThis painting is about the death of Socrates. Socrates was accused by the Athenian government because he denyed the excistence of Gods. Also, they accused him to be corrupting the young through his teachings. They offered him the choise to deny his beliefs and renounce them, or to die by drinking a cup of hemlock. A hemlock is a highly poisonous European plant of the parsley family. Socrates decided to die and drank the poision. In the painting, Socrate is to be shown as an old man with white hair, sitting on the bed. He is reaching for the cup, and is surrounded by men who seem to be sad and distressed.
140016001440Italian Renaissance Art during the Italian Renaissance was very spiritual and used realistic depictions of religious subjects. The Italian Renaissance was also a time when artists frequently portrayed the human body in their art.Joshua
14801908Italian BaroqueThis beautiful picture was painted in the late 1480s and in its rounded forms, diffuse lighting, employment of a viscous oil medium, and innovative, asymmetrical composition it looks ahead to the work of Giorgione and Titian, who Bellini taught. The cloth of honor is pulled aside to reveal a distant landscape. The transition from a dormant to a verdant nature and a dawn sky is a metaphor for death and rebirth. It was this sort of work that so impressed Albrecht Dürer when he visited Venice, declaring that Bellini was the best painter. Miller
18051824The classically-trained painter Joseph Anton Koch was a father-figure to many German-speaking artists who visited Rome in the early nineteenth century. He renewed the genre of heroic landscape painting, which had been established by the seventeenth-century French masters Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin. Koch’s fame rests on this iconic image, which he referred to as a “Greek landscape Miller
154515541554Benvenuto Cellini's Perseus with the head of MedusaThis bronze sculpture depicts Perseus holding the head of Medusa as he stands on her decapitated body. It was commissioned by Grand Duke Cosimo de’ Medici after he had been named Grand Duke of Tuscany. The statue represented the Grand Duke’s desire to send a message to the people that he wanted to break away from the experiences with previous leaders.
143214321432NORTHERN RENAISSANCE Jan (and Hubert?) Van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece or The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb, 1432, tempera and oil on panel, 11′ 5″ x 7′ 3″ (open) (Cathedral of Saint Bavo, Ghent, Belgium
145514601460Donatello's Judith and Holofernes This bronze sculpture depicts the biblical story of Judith beheading Holofernes. Judith is shown about to strike and decapitate Holofernes. Her face is lacking in emotion with her sword raised and as she firmly hold his head by the hair.
19071914CUBISMCubism is an early 20th century art movement he movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture. It started in 1907 and lasted till 1922. It was developed by George Barque and Pablo Picasso, and joined by Andre Lhote and many other painters. In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form. Paintings are painted in a geometric form in highly abstracted works "cubes." The cubist painters rejected the idea that art should copy nature. They wanted to use the techniques of perspective and modeling. (Anwar)Anwar, Roswell, Alana, and Hassam
1908CUBISMThe Old Guitarist: is an oil painting that was created by Pablo Picasso late 1903 early 1904. At the age of 19, Pablo moved to Paris where he struggled to fit into the society of artists there. During that period, one of his best friends committed suicide. Picasso's poor standard living and the suicide of his friend influenced his style at the time which became to be know as his "Blue Period." In this painting we see an old, blind, and a skinng man weakly hunched over his guitar playing in the street. This painting was studied at The Art Institute of Chicago, where they scanned it and did x-rays on it. They found out that there is a hidden woman in the canvas. Picasso had painted over a portraite of a nude woman, seated and nursing a child. The Art Institue of Chicago made history with the painting. (Anwar)Anwar, Roswell, Alana, and Hassam
1909Cubism:Georges BraqueGeorges Braque was one of the major artist in the Cubism movement, he was also fluent in imperssionism and collages. Most of his artwork focused on still life and objects in different perspectives. Georges desired balance and harmony in his artworks. He developed cubism with picasso, unlike picasso, his works were depicted with pictorial space and composition. After WWI his artworks starts to stray away from cubism and by then end of 1920 he started painting realistic intrepretations of nature; and, after WWII he painted light subjects of bird, landscape, and the sea. Georges also made lithographs, sculptures, and stained glass windows.!Portrait.jpgAnwar, Roswell, Alana, and Hassam
19101910Georges Braque: Bottle and FishesBottle and Fishes was painted by Georges Braque in 1910. This painting depicts a bottle and a plate of fishes laid on the table with a drawer. The whole painting has been disintegrated into a grid-like structure and he used an earthy toned palette for this work. Becasue of the title of this work, it automatically made viwers look for these elements within the painting. The background blends with the foreground giving this work a smooth integrated feeling. This painting is a good example in showing the boundries of cubism that they can tranforms boring everyday objects into a new interesting composition., Roswell, Alana, and Hassam
1911CUBISM- Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso October 25, 1881 to April 8th, 1973. Skillful artist in many different mediums; he pioneered the creative art style cubism, along with Goreges Braque. Group-Alana, Anwar, Roswell, and Hassam
1912CUBISM- Les demiselles d' avignonWell known peice from Picaso! les Demiselles d' avignon showcases Picasos novel cubism style. The artwork depicts five naked ladies, with their faces designed like Iberian sulptures and African masks. Both Picaso's and Braque interpitaion of cubisim art style is very similar, but in my opinion I feel like Picaso is stronger at capturing astonding abstract style people more so than Braque. Group-Alana, Anwar, Roswell, and Hassam
1913CUBISM-SAMJoseph Fernand Henri Léger was also part of the cubism movement. He is a French painter, sculptor. Most of his work include Colors, Shape, geometric component, Cube and Sphere. One of his work that caugh my attention is "Bargeman". Leger abstract equivalent of the visual impressions of a man traveling along the Seine through Paris. All that can be seen of the bargeman, however, are his tube-like arms, in the upper part of the composition, which end in metallic-looking claws., Roswell, Alana, and Hassam
1914CUBSIM-SAMAnother Art work from Henri Leger "A woman with a cat ". Woman with a Cat belongs to a group of monumental female figures that Léger painted throughout the 1920s. Motionless and frontal,
this colossal nude might be made of stone or metal, evoking at once a classical sculpture and a futuristic robot., Roswell, Alana, and Hassam
18741874Impressionism - Claude Monet,(1840–1926),The Argenteuil Bridge Claude Monet was a famous French impressionist artist and was a key leader in the Impressionist movement that revolutionized French painting in the second half of the nineteenth century. Ward,Sophia Phillip... Sonia Phillip
1874ImpressionismA sketch or impression of modern life that rejected old established styles. Its incorporation of new technology and ideas, gave the appearance of short, broken brushstrokes that barely convey forms, pure unblended colors, and an emphasis on the effects of light in Impressionism art.Melanie Ward,Sophia Phillip... Sonia Phillip
14851490Italian Renaissiance LandscapeThe goddess Venus has fallen in love with Adonis, a handsome hunter. She foresees that the hunt will be fatal for him, and tries in vain to restrain him from leaving with his hunting dogs. The mood of sensuality created by the beautiful view of Venus seen from the back (inspired by a Roman relief sculpture) barely distracts the viewer from the tragic end of the tale. (Sherwin Miller)
1600The Art of Still LifeA still life is a piece of art in which the subject mainly consists of inanimate objects, food, and occasionally living or dead animals. These objects are stratigically placed in order to portray a message to the viewers.
1983Contemporary Art - ANSELM KIEFER, Shulamite Anselm Kiefer, Shulamite, 1983, oil, emulsion, woodcut, shellac, acrylic, and straw on canvas, 213 x 145″ / 541 x 368.3 cm . This art work refers to a biblical references where Shulamite is the heroine in the Song of Solomon a literary reference to Celan’s “Death Fugue the location depicted in this painting is a Nazi Memorial Hall in Berlin. (Melanie Ward)
1800Romanticism - Caspar David Friedrich, Monk by the SeaDepiction of a monk standing on the shore looking out to sea.
1923102719971923Roy LichtensteinAmerican artist Roy Lichtenstein was born in New York City on October 27, 1923, and grew up on Manhattan's Upper West Side. In the 1960s, Lichtenstein became a leading figure of the new Pop Art movement. Inspired by advertisements and comic strips, Lichtenstein's bright, graphic works parodied American popular culture and the art world itself. He died in New York City on September 29, 1997. HELEN
14311431ART OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD 640 TO NOW. Shirin Examines the Portrait of Khusraw (miniature from the manuscript Khamsa by Nizami), 1431, gouache, 23.7 x 13.7 cm, Timurid Dynasty, Iran (Hermitage Museum)
174818251825Jean Jaques DavidThe artist Jacques Louis David (1748-1825) embodies the style known as Neoclassicism, which flourished in France during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. Neoclassicism is a revival in classical antiquity and style. The Neoclassical surface had to look perfectly smooth no evidence of brush-strokes should be visible to the naked eye. Jacques Louis David championed a style of rigorous contours, sculpted forms, and polished surfaces and along with history paintings. Neoclassicism is characterized by clarity of form, sober colors, shallow space, strong horizontal and verticals that render that subject matter timeless, and Classical subject matter. David transcends these revolutionary ideals through his depictions of the classics in a very bold but subtle way of neoclassicism. Frank S and Apollo Piercing Niobe’s Children with their Arrows (1772)
168417211721Jean Antoine Watteau Antoine Watteau was one of the most brilliant and original artists in the eighteenth century, Antoine Watteau lived from 1684 to 1721 and had an impact on the development of Rococo art period in France. The work he produced had heavy influence throughout Europe lasting well beyond his lifetime. Living only thirty-six years, and plagued by frequent illness, Watteau nonetheless rose from an obscure provincial background to achieve fame in the French capital during the Regency of the duc d’Orléans. His paintings feature figures in aristocratic and theatrical dress in lush imaginary landscapes. (THE MET, FRANK S MESUEM The French Comedians by Watteau
15711610CaravaggioCaravaggio was born as Michelangelo Merisi in Italy around 1571. He was orphaned at age 11 and apprenticed with a painter in Milan. He moved to Rome, where his work became popular for the tenebrism technique he used, which used shadow to emphasize lighter areas. His career, however, was short-lived. Caravaggio killed a man during a brawl and fled Rome. He died not long after, on July 18, 1610 HELEN
15771640Peter Paul RubensPeter was a 17th century Baroque painter, an art style that emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. Most of his artwork illustrates religion, mythology, and history. In his early carrer he worked on alterpiecesand is a collector of coins, gems, and ancient sculptures. In 1622, he was commissioned by Maria de Medici, King Henry IV's widowed wife to paint two gallries of artwork depicting scenes from her live and her late husband. However the project was canceled when Maria was banished from court. In Peter's late years he manly focused on prainting landscapes for his own enjoyment rather than for saleing purposes. (Roswell Joo)
18391906Paul CezannePaul was a 20th century post-impressionism painter. His works consisted of Cubism, Expressionism, and Abstraction elements. In Paul's early work, they incorperated dramatic contrast, had thick layer of pigments, and dark colored elements. He eventually switched to a brighter toned palette and did out door paintings, as a result his works was brighter and more harmonies. Paul like to apply paint into canvas in series brushstrokes as if he was constructing a picture rather than painting it. (Roswell)
18912131942212Grant WoodGrant DeVolson Wood was an American painter born four miles (6 km) east of Anamosa, Iowa. He is best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, an iconic painting of the 20th century. Wood's best known work is his 1930 painting American Gothic, which is also one of the most famous paintings in American art, and one of the few images to reach the status of widely recognised cultural icon, comparable to Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa and Edvard Munch's The Scream. (Junliang Zhu)
14501452LEORANDO DA VINCIHe was born VInci, Italy on the 15th April 1942,Leonardo had no surname in the modern sense "da Vinci" simply meaning "of Vinci"; his full birth name was "Lionardo di ser Piero da Vinci", meaning "Leonardo, (son) of (Mes)ser Piero from Vinci", hence his name Learnado da Vinci.During his life he held great titles such as being an Artist, Writer, Inventor as well as a Mathematician. Two of the world's famous artwork that Mr. Leonardo created were "The Last Supper" and "Mona Lisa". He became such a great artist because he was inspired by famous artist such as Rapheal, Francesco Melzi. Mr. Da Vinic died at the age of 67 on May 2nd, 1519. (Sonia Phillip)
1596166767Thomas De KeyserThomas De Keyser was the most popular portrait painter in the Dutch. He specialised in small- scale portraits and attention to detail, as well as life-size portraits.(Shuling Chen)
18001900EUROPE 1800-1900Sir Edwin Landseer, Windsor Castle in Modern Times; Queen Victoria, Prince Albert and Victoria, Princess Royal, 1840-43, oil on canvas, 113.3 x 144.5 cm (The Royal Collection),d.cWw&psig=AFQjCNGEKdwnrxuK9gMrxH_l4DvKfcFKrA&ust=1470234673295918
17981863Ferdinand-Eugène-Victor DelacroixEugène Delacroix was born in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, France, on April 26, 1798. Painter Eugène Delacroix was one of the leading artists of the French Romantic time of the nineteenth century. His mother, Victoire Oeben, was a cultured woman. When he was 7 years old his father died when he was 7 years old, and his mother died when he was 16 years old. One of hi best art work was the " Liberty Leading the People ". He painted this art because of a response to the July Revolution of 1830, in which a woman holding a French flag leads a band of fighters from all social classes. It was purchased by the French government in 1831. He passed away in Paris on August 13, 1863. (Hassam Paul)
1475361564218MichelangeloMichelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. Pietà by Michelangelo is one of his famous sculptures located in St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City. The body of Christ is different from most earlier pietà statues, which were usually smaller and in wood. The Pietà with the Virgin Mary is also unique among Michelangelo's sculptures, because it was the only one he ever signed.(Junliang Zhu)
1880GEORGIA O'KEEFFEGeorgia was a famous American Painter that mostly did art of flowers and landscapes. Born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin on 6th March, 1986. It is said that she is recognized as the "Mother of American modernism". (Sonia Phillip)
17711835Antoine-Jean, Baron GrosAntoine-Jean, Baron Gros, (born March 16, 1771, Paris, France. he was also part of the French Romantism Movements. His father taugh him the basic of painting. At the age of 15 and in 1787 also began studying painting at the French Royal Academy.
1632123116751215Johannes VermeerJohannes Vermeer was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life. He was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime. He evidently was not wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death, perhaps because he produced relatively few paintings.Vermeer worked slowly and with great care, and frequently used very expensive pigments. He is particularly renowned for his masterly treatment and use of light in his work.
173218061806FragonardEmbodying the freedom and curiosity of the French Enlightenment, Jean Honoré Fragonard (1732–1806) developed a fluid manner as a painter. He was draftsman and printmaker. Fragonard was born in the city of Grasse. He pursued his studies at the École Royale des Elèves Protégés in Paris. He was interested in being a history painter. He created many red chalk paintings of Villa d’Este at Tivoli . Fragonard was famous for his painting called The Swing. The highlight of the painting is mainly the texture of the women’s dress and the nature in the background.Yvette Mosseri
147515641564MichelangeloMichelangelo Buonarroti was an amazing artist during the Italian Renaissance. He lived from the years 1475 to 1564. Michelangelo was known to be one of the greatest artists of all time. He was born into a family that belonged to minor nobility in Florence. His father had occasional government jobs and becoming an artist was a downward social step for Michelangelo. Michelangelo became an artist against his father. His works vary from paintings, sculptures and architecture. One of his most famous works is The Creation of Adam on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel it depicts human anatomy and the beginning of man in biblical times by GOD floating in a nebulous creating Adam. His works are very heavily detailed and we are able to capture the meaning of his works with clarity. Yvette Mosseri (
1989Vincent Van GoghVincent Van Gogh was born in Groot-Zundert, Holland on March 30, 1853.  He brought up in a religious household owing to his father being a pastor. He had a hard time growing up, he
struggled with his self- confidence as well as unhappy relationships with lead to him becoming an artist between 1860 and 1880. Van Gogh's work over time grew more emotional in brushstroke, surface tension, representational and intense
color, and in the movement and vibration of form and line. He had a unique fusion of form and content which was influential; dramatic, gracefully rhythmic,imaginative, and emotional even though life was hard for him. Van Gogh is now viewed as one of the most influential artists having helped lay the foundations of modern art, in spite of his lack of success and hardship during his lifetime. Van Gogh died in Netherlands in 1890, he was only 37. "SOPHIA PHILLIP" van Gogh:- 
Painting, Oil on Canvas “The Potato Eaters”

 Nuenen, The
Netherlands: April, 1885
His objective was to paint human figures that did not appear
to be awkward. The painting show five figures sitting around a square table
eating potatoes; four females and one male. He started sketching this painting
two years earlier in 1883. This piece became famous after his death and is
considered to be his first master piece by many people, even though he sold
only one painting in his lifetime. When he died he became very influential in
the art community. His paintings have reached new records and they are sold for
hundreds of millions of dollars

1989Raffaelo Sanzio de UrbinoRaffaello Sanzio de Urbino better known as Raphael was one of the greatest Italian Renaissance painter and architect. Raphael was born on April 6, 1483, in Urbino, Italy. His desire for painting started when he decided to follow in his father’s footsteps. Owing to this, it helped Raphael become more confident and successful in his field. He focused on a more classical interpretation of perfection, but also influenced by the contemporary Florence tradition. Even though Raphael was a known to be a painter he was also a noted inspirational teacher who had one of the largest art schools in Rome, with over 50 pupils, a noted architect, drawer, and a printmaker of his
engravings. He died in Rome on April 6 1520, aged only 37. Yet, he left behind an extensive legacy. People noted and celebrated his work during his
lifetime and after his death. "SOPHIA PHILLIP",_Dresde,_1513-14._%C3%93leo_sobre_lienzo,_265_x_196_cm).jpgThe Sistine Madonna one of Raphael’s famous painting 1513-1514. Oil on
canvas. 104 x 77in (265x196cm) Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden. (s)

The Madonna which signifies the Virgin Mary holds her child as
she floats on a whirling carpet of clouds. The man and woman at her side are St Sixtus and St Barbara. At the foot of the painting are two angels who gaze on templation. This painting depicts sadness, and a terrified expressions on the face of theVirgin and the baby. The frightened expressions are understandable because it
is said that Jesus sees his own death and his mother is witness to the torment.

150015711571Benvenuto CelliniBenvenuto Cellini was born in Florence, Italy on November 1, 1500. He was a greatly admired artist of the Italian Renaissance. He is known for the bronze sculture, Perseus with the Head of Medusa. Completing this sculpture proved very stressful for Cellini even though its considered to be his greatest work. Another sculpture by Cellini is a salt cellar made of gold for Francis I of France in 1543.
15981680Gian Lorenzo BerniniBorn on December 7, 1598 in Naples, Italty, Gian Lorenzo Bernini was the son of sculptor Pietro. At a young age he was determined to grow up to be like his father and by his late teens, he saw himself as a prodigious artist. After people began to recognize his beautiful work, in 1629, he was named the Official Architect of Saint Peters, one of the highest honors an artist could wish for. Bernini's sculptures are recognizable for their texture and engaging drama. His sculptures were also unique in the way he paid attention to the effects of light and shadow, which is traditionally important to a painter than a sculptor. (Nusrat Tourin)
18401917Auguste RodinAuguste Rodin was born in Paris on November 12, 1840. He was a sculptor whose work had a huge influence on modern art. Unlike many famous artists, Rodin didn't become widely known until he was in his 40s. Developing his creative talents during his teens, Rodin later worked in the decorative arts for about two decades. He eventually sculpted the controversial piece "The Vanquished" (renamed "The Age of Bronze"), which was exhibited in 1877. Among Rodin's most praised works is "The Gates of Hell," which was known as a monument of various sculpted figures that includes "The Thinker" (1880) and "The Kiss" (1882). Rodin didn't live to finish the intricate piece. Instead, he died on November 17, 1917, in Meudon, France.
(Nusrat Tourin)
151815941594TintorettoTintoretto was born in Venice, Italy in 1518. His paintings are well known for displaying dramatic use of lighting effects and perspective. He is known for the painting, The Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave. It depicts St. Mark rescuing a servant who was about to tortured for worshipping the relics of the saint against his masters wishes. A number of his works were also made for the Doge's Palace.
17481825Jacques Louis David- NeoclassicismJacques Louis David (1748-1825) was a French painter in the Neoclassical style. He was considered to be the best painter of the era. The Neoclassical style moved the art style away from the previous Rococo period. David painted his famous "Oath of the Horatii", where he referred to the enlightenment values while alluding to Rousseau's social contract. Other famout works include "The Death of Marat" (1793) which portrays the famous French Revolutionary person dead in his bath after an assassination. The "Napoleon Crossing the Alps" is another famous painting for him. Abuhammoud
18821963George Baque- CubismGeorges Barque (1882-1963) was a French painter, printmaker, collagist, and sculptor. He played a big role in the development of Cubism. Some of his work is associated with Pablo Picasso's work. He adopted a "Fauvist" style after seeing the work exhibited by the artistic group known as the "Fauves" (Beasts) in 1905. In World War I, Braque enlisted with the French army where he got a severe head injury and suffered temporary blindness. A year later, he continued painting and developed a more personal style characterized by brilliant color, textured surfaces, and the reappearance of the human figure. Some of his famous paintings are the "Man with a Guitar", "Yellow Seacoast", "Bottle and Fishes", and many other artwork. Abuhammoud
15001600Females in art! Artemisa Gentileschi by Alana SmithArtemisia Gentileshi 1593 - 1653. Born in Rome was a Baroque painter. One of the most popular artist within the Baroque art style movement. She developed her craft from her father Orazio Gentileschi the famous italian painter. Her most exceeding peice is "Judith Slaying Holofernes." "Judith slaying Holofernes" interprets the story of Judith from Bethulia beheading the general Holofernes, because he besieged her city. The painting has very dark contrast and compelling illustustraions. I genuinely believe that Artemisia depiction of Judith slaying Holofernes is way more eye cacthing than Caravaggio's version.
15001600Females in art!! Lavinia FontanaLavinia Fontana 1552 - 1614 born in Bologna, remarkable portraiture, Baroque style, and religous theme artist. She was highly sought after her, her sophisticated oil painting was in the same league as her male colleagues. "Minerva dressing" created 1613 is a very significant peice, a nude painting from a woman. Very remarkably uncommon. The peice portrays Minerva the Roman godess of wisdom, medicine, commerce, handicrafts, poetry, the arts, and war getting dressed. High in contrast, alot of details, and a interesting posture or postion the subject is styled in.
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