Conducting terms for Fall 2012
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A capriccio-Whimsicala cappella
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A piacere-At pleasureappassionato
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A tempo-Previoius tempo (used after one of the above variations)Bis
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Accelerando-Gradually fastercor anglais
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Adagio/Lento-Slowdétaché
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Agitato-Agitatedincalzando
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Agogic accent-Accent by longer duration of a notelangsam
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Alla misura-Strict tempolebhaft
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Allargando-Gradually slower and louderma non troppo
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Allegretto-Moderately fastostinato
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Allegro-Fast, quicklyportato
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Andante-Slow but movingruhig
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Andantino-Moderately slowsiciliana
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Animato-Animatedtrès
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assai - veryzusammen
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caesura - a break in the musical linea tempo
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Calando-Gradually slower and softerarco
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Cantabile-Singingcol legno
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cola parte - with the other partcorno
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Con bravura-With boldnesshautbois
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Con brio-With vigorkräftig
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Con fuoco-With firemezzo
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con moto - with motionmit Ausdruck
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Con tenerezza-With tendernessmunter
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Crescendo (cresc.)-Becoming louderpeu à peu
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Crescendo e diminuendo (cresc. e dim.)-Gradually louder, then gradually softerpizzicato
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Crescendo molto (cresc. molto)-Becoming much louderscherzoso
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Crescendo poco a poco (cresc. poco a poco)-Louder little by littlesubito
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Decrescendo (decresc.)-Becoming softertremolo
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Diminuendo (dim.)-Diminishingwieder
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Dolce-Sweetlya niente
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Dolente-Sad, mournfulcédez
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doppio valore - twice as slowEntenquak
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Dynamic accent-Accent by stress or reinforcementfacile
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Espressivo-ExpressivelyKontrabass
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feroce - wildly or fiercelyl'istesso tempo
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Forte (f)-Loudlacrimoso
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Forte-piano (fp)-Loudly-softlymesto
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Fortissimo (ff)-Very loudPauken
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fuoco - firerascher
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Giocoso-Humorouslysecco
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Grave - tempo-Very slow and heavysul tasto
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Grave -character-Solemntacet
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grazia - gracefullytenuto
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ictus - the point of the beatvolante
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Irregular accent-Accent on a normally unaccented beata piacere
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L'istesso tempo-Same tempo (beat remains the same even though meter changes)arpa
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langsam - slowattacca
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Larghetto-Very slow but movingbellicoso
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Largo-Very slow and broadcadenza
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Legato-Smoothly connectedcon sordino
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leggiero - lighly or airyDiabolus in musica
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lento - slowlyen pressant
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Maestoso-Majesticfröhlich
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Marcato-Marked emphasisglissando
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Meno mosso-Less motionlargo
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Mezzo forte (mf)-Moderately loudmässig bewegt
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Mezzo piano (mp)-Moderately softPartitur
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Moderato-Moderately pacedPosaune
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molto - muchvivo
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Morendo-Dying awayaccelerando
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mosso - motionam Steg
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non troppo - not too muchcalando
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ossia - otherwise, or refers to a simplified partcampanelli di vacca
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Pesante-Heavydivisi
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Pianissimo (pp)-Very softDur
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Piano (p)-Softgrave
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Piu allegro-More livelyKlarinette
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Piu mosso-More motionmarteau
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pochissimo - very littlemoto
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poco - littleossia
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Portato-Slurred staccatopochettino
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Prestissimo-As fast as possibleritardando
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Presto-Very fastrubato
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Rallentando-Gradually slower and broadervivace
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retenu - held backadagio
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Rinforzando-Accent by strengtheningBratsche
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Ritardando-Gradually slowerchiuso
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Ritenuto-Suddenly slowerda capo
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ritmico - rhymical etwas
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rubato - phrasing, give and take, shading of tempo, borrowing of timegrosse caisse
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Scherzando-Playful, jestingleggiero
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Secondary accent-Accent on a beat other than the down beat, e.g. beat three in common timemit Dämpfer
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Semplice-Simple, unaffectedottava alta
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sempre - alwaysquasi
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Senza misura-Freelyscordatura
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simile - in a similar mannerslur
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Sforzando (sfz)-Loudly accentedsul ponticello
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Sforzando/Forzando-Accent by forcing/pressuretromba
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smorzando - dying awayvibrato
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Sostenuto-Sustainingaffettuoso
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Sotto voce-Subdued voiceassez
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spicato - springing or bouncing of bow off the string (a staccato technique)breit
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Staccato-Detachedchoeur
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stentato - laboredcon fuoco
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Stringendo-Gradualy faster and hasteningdiminuendo
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Subito forte (sub. f)-Suddenly louddouble stop
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Subito piano (sub. p)-Suddenly soften dehors
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tacet - silent for a particular instrumentfeurig
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Tempo giusto-In exact tempoimpetuoso
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