Country Safeguard Systems - INDIA
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IDFile Name [Original]File Name [Englishl]File Name [Hindi]
URL Link - English
URL Link - HindiURL Link - ALTName of Law (English)Abbreviated NameCat.YearIDDate /
Entry Into Force
Level of GovernanceMinistryCategorySafeguards CategorySummary
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LawAbbreviationTypeYearID No.MinistrySector(s)SafeguardSummary / Relevant Articles
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|Indian Treasure Trove Act, 1878|||Act|1878||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Indian Forest Act, 1927|||Act|1927||Power TransmissionEnvironment
Chapter II Reserved Forests
Article 3. Power to reserve forests
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|The Factories Act, 1948|||Act|1948||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958|||Act|1958||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972|||Act|1972||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980|||Act|1980||Power TransmissionEnvironment
FOREST (CONSERVATION) ACT, 1980 This Act provides for the conservation of forests and regulating the diversion of forest lands to non-forestry purpose.

When any transmission project falls within forest area, prior clearance is required from relevant authorities under the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980. State Governments cannot de-reserve any forestland or authorise its use for any non-forest purpose without approval from the Central Government.
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|Environment (Protection) Act 1986 ||EPA|Act|1986||Power TransmissionEnvironmentArticle 3 (1)
Article 6 (1)
Art. 9
Art. 11
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|The Factories Act, 1948 (as amended through 1987 )
|||Act|1987||Power TransmissionEnvironmentSection 7A. General duties of the occupier.-|
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|The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991|||Act|1991||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (as amended 1993)|||Act|1993||Power TransmissionEnvironment
Chapter IV, Sanctuaries, National Park and Closed Areas
Sanctuary.
Section 18. Declaration of Sanctuary.
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|Biological Diversity Act, 2002|||Act|2002||Power TransmissionEnvironment
CHAPTER - IX
Duties of the Central and the State Governments
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|Freedom of Information Act, 2002|||Act|2002|||
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|The Right to Information Act, 2005||RTI Act|Act|2005||Power TransmissionEnvironment
Government of India Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions
Department of Personnel & Training
Office Memorandum No. 1/6/2011-IR April, 15 2013
Guidelines for Suo Moto Disclosure under Section 4 of the RTI Act
4.0 Compliance with Provisions of suo motu (proactive) disclosure under the RTI Act
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|National Green Tribunal Act, 2010|||Act|2010||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|National Green Tribunal Act, 2010
Chapter III. Jurisdiction, Powers and Proceedings of the Tribunal
Article 10. Tribunal to apply certain principles.
|||Act|2010||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Electricity Act, 2003|||Act of Parliament |2003|No.36 of 2003|Ministry of Law and JusticePower TransmissionEnvironment
ELECTRICITY ACT, 2003This Act provides the framework for power sector development by measures conducive to the industry. But, the Act does not explicitly deal with environmental implications of activities related to power transmission. However, POWERGRID integrates environment protection as a part of its project activities and its transmission schemes are planned in such a way that the power of eminent domain is exercised responsibly

ELECTRICITY ACT, 2003 Section 68(1) – Sanction of the Ministry of Power (MOP) is a mandatory requirement for taking up any new transmission project. Such sanction authorizes POWERGRID to plan and coordinate activities to commission a new project.

ELECTRICITY ACT, 2003 Section 164(B) – Under this section POWERGRID has all the powers that the telegraph authority possesses and can erect and construct towers without actually acquiring the land.
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|Constitution of India (as amended 2007)|||Constitution|1950||Power TransmissionEnvironment
The Constitution of India (1950) is rather unique in incorporating certain specific provisions for the protection and improvement of the country’s environment. The relevant provisions, introduced by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976, are given below: Constitution of India (1950)
Constitution of India (1950) Article 48 A
 "The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country".
Constitution of India (1950) Article 51 A (g)
 "It shall be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures”.
Amendment No. 73,
Part IX
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|Constitution of India|||Constitution|1950||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, 1971||Ramsar Convention|Convention|1971||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Vienna Convention, 1985 |||Convention|1985||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes, 1989||Basel Convention|Convention|1989||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992||Biodiversity Convention|Convention|1992||Power TransmissionEnvironmentsigned at Rio de Janeiro in 1992|
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|United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1992 (UNFCC) and Kyoto Protocol, 1997|||Convention|1997||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals in International Trade, 1998||Rotterdam Convention|Convention|1998||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, 2001||POPs Convention|Convention|2001||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Convention for the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 1975||World Heritage Act|Convention / Act|1975||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, 1975||CITES|Convention / Act|1975||Power TransmissionEnvironment(CITES)- ratified by India in 1976|
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|Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notifications, 1991 & 2008|||Notification|1991||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Environmental Impact Assessment Notifications, 1994 & 2006|||Notification|1994||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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http://envfor.nic.in/legis/eia/so1533.pdf
|Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006||EN|Notification|2006||September 14, 2006
Ministry of Environment and Forests
Power TransmissionEnvironment
List of Projects or Activities Requiring Prior Environmental Clearance,
Note:- General Condition (GC):

Article 4. Categorization of projects and activities:-
Stage II- Scoping
III. Stage (3) - Public Consultation:
10. [Post Environmental Clearance Monitoring]

Appendix II
(Form-1 A (only for construction projects listed under item 8 of the Schedule)
Check List of Environmental Impacts
9. Energy Conservation

Appendix II
(Form-1 A (only for construction projects listed under item 8 of the Schedule)
Check List Of Environmental Impacts
10. Environment Management Plan

Appendix II
(See paragraph 6)
Form-1 A (only for construction projects listed under item 8 of the Schedule)
Check List of Environmental Impacts

Appendix III. Stage (3) - Public Consultation:

Appendix IV
Procedure for Conduct of Public Hearing

SCHEDULE: MOEF REQUIREMENTS FOR PRIOR ENVIRONMENTAL CLEARANCE

Standard Terms of Reference for EIA/EMP Reports for Projects/Activities Requiring Environment Clearance under EIA Notification, 2006.
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|EIA Notification 14 September 2006 – Interim Operational Guidelines till 13 September 2007 in respect of applications made under EIA 1994.
No J-11013/41/2006-IA.II (I) Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests (IA Division)
|||Notification|2006|S.O.1533(E)|
Ministry of Environment and Forests
Power TransmissionEnvironment
Appendix III: Generic Structure of Environmental Impact Assessment Document
See paragraph 7
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|EIA Notification 2006|||Notification|2006||Power TransmissionEnvironmentAppendix IV: Procedure for Conduct of Public Hearing|
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|Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notifications, 1991 & 2008|||Notification|2008||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Environmental Notification, September 14, 2006 (as amended through January 19, 2009) ||EN|Notification|2009||
ss amended through January 19, 2009
Power TransmissionEnvironment
Article 2. Requirements of prior Environmental Clearance (EC):
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|National Forest Policy, 1988|||Policy|1988||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development, 1992|||Policy|1992||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Policy Statement for Abatement of Pollution, 1992|||Policy|1992||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|National Environment Policy, 2006||NEP|Policy|2006||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Rules, 1959|||Rules|1959||Power TransmissionEnvironment
Chapter III
Construction and Other Operations in Protected Areas
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|The Hazardous Wastes (Management And Handling) Rules, 1989|||Rules|1989||
Ministry of Environment and Forests
Power TransmissionEnvironment
Chapter II, Procedure for Handling Hazardous Wastes
Article 4. Responsibilities of the occupier for handling of hazardous wastes.-
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|Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1996|||Rules|1996||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000|||Rules|2000||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000|||Rules|2000||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000|||Rules|2000||
Ministry of Environment and Forests
Power TransmissionEnvironment
.Prohibition on export to or import from countries not specified in Schedule VI
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|The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical (Amendment) Rules, 2000|||Rules|2000||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Biological Diversity Rules, 2003|||Rules|2002||Power TransmissionEnvironment
Section 6. Restriction on activities related to access to biological resources. -
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|Hazardous Material (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2008|||Rules|2008||Power TransmissionEnvironment
Article 3. Definitions
Chapter II, Procedure for Handling Hazardous Wastes
Article 5. Grant of Authorization for handling hazardous wastes
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|Wildlife Conservation Strategy, 2002-15|||Strategy|2002||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Montreal Protocol on Ozone-Depleting Substances, 1992 ||Montreal Protocol||1992||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Revised/New Environmental Standards for Pulp and Paper Industry||||2005||Power TransmissionEnvironment30/08/2005|
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|World Trade Organization, Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management, 2006 (SAICM)||||2006||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Emission Standards for Common Hazardous Waste Incinerator||||2008||26/06/2008Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Emission Standards for Sulphuric Acid Plant||||2008||07/05/2008Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Environmental Standards for Petroleum Oil Refinery||||2008||18/03/2008Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Regulatory Framework for Conservation of Wetlands, 2008 (Draft)||||2008||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Effluent Standards for Hotel Industry||||2009||4/11/2009Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Effluent Standards for Pharmaceutical Industry||||2009||09/07/2009Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Emission Standards for Brick Kiln Sector||||2009||22/07/2009Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Revised National Ambient Air Quality Standards||||2009||16/11/2009Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Certification of Noise Limit for Generator Sets||||2011||15/03/2011Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Environmental Standards for Pesticide Industry||||2011||13/06/2011Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Environmental Standards for Rubber Processing and Rubber Product Industry||||2011||18/03/2011Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Environmental Standards for Integrated Iron and Steel Plant||||2012||31/03/2012Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Environmental Standards for Petrochemical (Basic and Intermediates)||||2012||09/11/2012Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Environment Standards for Cement Plant||||2014||25/08/2014Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|Environmental Standards, updated as of September 12, 2014
||||2014||September 12, 2014
Ministry of Environment & Forests
Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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|American Conference on Government and Industrial Hygiene||ACGIH||||Power TransmissionEnvironment|
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http://cpcb.nic.in/displaypdf.php?id=SW5kdXN0cnktU3BlY2lmaWMtU3RhbmRhcmRzL0VmZmx1ZW50L1RQUC5wZGY=
http://cpcb.nic.in/displaypdf.php?id=SW5kdXN0cnktU3BlY2lmaWMtU3RhbmRhcmRzL0VmZmx1ZW50L1RQUC5wZGY=
Environment (Protection) Ammendment Rules 2015
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https://www.aerb.gov.in/images/PDF/safety.dirno01-2010.pdf
AERB Directive No. 01/2010 [Under Rule 3, 5, and 6 of the Atomic Energy (Radiation Protection] Rules 2004]
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http://www.moef.nic.in/environmental_standards
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S.O.3305(E),
S.O.3305(E),07/12/2015
Environment Standards for Thermal power plants along with the corrigendum
2015S.O.3305(E),07/12/2015
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
88
S.O.4(E),S.O.4(E),01/01/2016Environment Standards for Common Effluent Treatment Plants2016S.O.4(E),01/01/2016
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
89
G.S.R.35(E),
G.S.R.35(E),14/01/2016Environment Standards for Sugar Industry2016G.S.R.35(E),14/01/2016
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
90
G.S.R.281(E),
G.S.R.281(E),07/03/2016
Environment Standards for Genset engines Dedicated LPG/CNG,Diesel and LPG/CNG & Petrol and LPG/CNG
2016G.S.R.281(E),07/03/2016
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
91
G.S.R.497(E),
G.S.R.497(E),10/05/2016Environment Standards for Cement plants with co-processing.2016G.S.R.497(E),10/05/2016
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
92
G.S.R.496(E),
G.S.R.496(E),09/05/2016
Environment Standards for Amendment to notification G.S.R. 612(E) dated 25/08/2014 for Cement Plants.
2016G.S.R.496(E),09/05/2016
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
93
G.S.R.612(E),
G.S.R.612(E),25/08/2014Environment Standards for Cement Plant. [pdf(394.09 KB)]2014G.S.R.612(E),25/08/2014
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
94
G.S.R.325(E),
G.S.R.325(E),07/05/2014Environment Standards for Dyes and Dye Intermediate Industry. [pdf(117.59 KB)]2014G.S.R.325(E),07/05/2014
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
95
G.S.R.232(E),
G.S.R.232(E),31/03/2014
Extending Date of Implementation for Emission Limits for New Diesel Engine/Genset. [pdf(67.98 KB)]
2014G.S.R.232(E),31/03/2014
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
96
G.S.R.229(E),
G.S.R.229(E),28/03/2014Omission of Quality Norms for Motor Gasoline, Diesel and 2TOil.2014G.S.R.229(E),28/03/2014
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
97
Oil.Oil.pdf (63.64 KB)Oil.pdf (63.64 KB)
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
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G.S.R.771(E),
G.S.R.771(E),11/12/2013
Emission Limits for New Diesel Engine up to 800 kW) for Generator Set (Genset) Application. [pdf(113.9 KB)]
2013G.S.R.771(E),11/12/2013
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
99
G.S.R.535(E),
G.S.R.535(E),07/08/2013
Emission Standards for New Generator Sets (up to 19 kilowatt) Run on Petrol and Kerosene. [pdf(267.02 KB)]
2013G.S.R.535(E),07/08/2013
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
100
G.S.R. 176(E),
G.S.R. 176(E),18/03/2013Noise Standards for Firecrackers2013G.S.R. 176(E),18/03/2013
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
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