Dowling Dates
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Establishment of the Ancient Order of Hibernians 1837-05-04The Ancient Order of Hibernians is a Catholic, Irish American Fraternal Organization founded in New York City May 4, 1836. The AOH describes their mission statement as aiding "the newly arrived Irish, both socially and economically".<br><br><a href=""target="_blank">AOH Homepage</a>Remembering DowlingHibernians
Dick Dowling born1838-05-07Richard William Dowling was born in Tuam, County Galway, Ireland to William and Mary Dowling. He had six siblings, five of whom survived and eventually came to live in Texas.<br><br><i>"Albumen carte de viste of Major Richard W. 'Dick' Dowling" by H. R. Marks, c. 1865.'s LifeTuam;Ireland
Irish Potato Famine18451852Also known as the Great Famine, the Potato Famine in Ireland eliminated a critical food source for the Irish, deepening economic troubles and tensions with England. This event caused increased migration of Irish citizens looking for a better life.Dowling's LifeIreland
Dowling moves from Ireland to New Orleans1846Dowling's Life
Dowling purchases the property for the Shades1857-10-06The Shades, at the corner of Main and Prarie, was the first of several popular saloons owned and run by Dowling.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's LifeHouston;Texas
Dowling marries Annie Elizabeth Odlum1857-11-30Annie Elizabeth Odlum was the daughter of an Irish immigrant who participated in the Texas Revolution. The couple had five children together over the course of their marriage.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's FamilyHouston;Texas
Dowling joins Hook and Ladder Company1858-04-17A combination of Protection Fire Company No. 1 and the Houston Fire Company No. 1, the Hook and Ladder Company served as a fire-fighting unit for Houston. Dowling became a part of the relief committee that helped visit and providing monetary relief for sick members.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's LifeHouston;Texas
Dowling gains citizenship1858-07-26Although Irish immigrants had difficulty gaining citizenship during this time, Dowling became an American citizen during the summer of 1858.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's Life
Gas lighting established in The Shades1859-01-19Dick Dowling installed a gas lighting system in both floors of his saloon. The Shades was the first establishment in Houston to utilize this technology.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's LifeHouston;Texas
Benjamin Richard Dowling born1859-02-27Dick and Annie Dowling's first child was named after his father and his mother's father, Benjamin Odlum.Dowling's Family
The Bank & Baccus established1860-01-30Dowling established his second saloon at the corner of Main and Congress. After a fire on March 10, 1860, The Bank was moved to the corner of Congress and Fanin.<br><br><i>Advertisement from The Houston Telegraph, 1860.</i>'s LifeHouston;Texas
First meeting of the Irish Military Company1860-09-01The Irish Military Company, otherwise known as the Jefferson Davis Guards or Company F, was a Houston-based militia led by Annie Dowling's uncle, Frederick H. Odlum.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's LifeHouston;TexasDavis Guards
Dowling joins the Davis Guards1860-09-15Dowling may have joined the militia prior to this date, but this is the first record of his membership in the group. The muster roll for the Davis Guards on this date listed 4 officers, 8 noncommissioned officers, forty-three privates and a secratary.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's LifeDavis Guards
Abraham Lincoln elected president of the United States of America1860-11-06Civil WarUnion
Meeting called in response to Lincoln's election1860-11-14221 Houstonians signed a petition calling for a public meeting following the election of Abraham Lincoln. During the meeting, Sam Houston, the governor of Texas at the time, refused to convene the Texas Legislature. The group later created their own convention to remove Texas from the Union.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's LifeHouston;Texas;Confederacy
South Carolina secedes1860-12-24South Carolina was the first state to pass legislation about seceding from the United States. By the time of Lincoln's inaguration, seven states in total had seceded.Civil WarConfederacy
Jefferson Davis selected as president of the Confederate States of America1861-02-09Civil WarConfederacy
Texas secession ratified1861-02-23After having a majority vote at the convention, Texas passed legislation to secede from the Union on February 1st. They joined the Confederacy soon after.Civil WarConfederacy;Texas
Lincoln enters office1861-03-04Abraham Lincoln inaugurated as president. His inaugural address was directed primarily at the South, expressing a hope for peace in the nation.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Lincoln's First Inaugural Address</a><br><br><i>Illustration from Harper's weekly, v. 5, 1861 March 16, p. 161.</i> WarUnion
Fort Sumter1861-04-12The first battle of the Civil War, Fort Sumter was an attack on a Union-controlled fort in South Carolina by Confederate troops during an attempt to resupply the fort. Major Anderson, who was controlling the fort, eventually surrendered control after over a day of fighting.<br><br><i>"Bombardment of Fort Sumter" by Currier & Ives, 1861</i> WarUnion;Confederacy
Civil War1861-04-121865-04-09Civil WarUnion;Confederacy
John Martin Dowling born1861-08-11Dick and Annie Dowling had their second child, another boy.Dowling's Family
John Martin Dowling dies1861-08-16Dick and Annie's second child died after five days.Dowling's Family
Davis Guards becomes Company F of Cook's Regiment1861-10-26The name change of the group was noted on their muster roll for the month after the militia was stationed in Galveston. The name change indicated their connection with the Confederacy, rather than simply being a Texas-based unit.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Civil WarGalveston;Texas;ConfederacyDavis Guards
Benjamin Richard Dowling dies1862-07-06Dick and Annie's first child died at the age of three.Dowling's Family
Federal steamers take Fort Herbert near Galveston1862-10-04Companies F and H, both led by F. H. Odlum, were stationed at Fort Herbert on Virginia Point when five Federal steamers attacked. The companies soon retreated into Galveston after a swift defeat.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Civil WarGalveston;Texas;ConfederacyDavis Guards
William Augustin Dowling born1862-12-21Dick and Annie Dowling had a third child- named partially for Dowling's father, William Dowling.Dowling's Family
Company F helps retake Galveston1862-12-31Several cotton-clad Confederate ships attacked the Federal steamers occupying Galveston while Company F helped defeat the forces stationed on Galveston Island.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Civil WarGalveston;Texas;ConfederacyDavis Guards
Emancipation Proclamation1863-01-01President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves in the "rebellious states" of the Confederacy. Although this did not free slaves in the Union, it did mean that slaves in all areas occupied by federal troops in the South were freed as the Union army advanced, severely weakening the South.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">The Emancipation Proclamation</a><br><br><i>The Strobridge Lith. Co., Cincinnati, c. 1888.<i> WarConfederacy
William Augustin Dowling dies1863-01-31Dick and Annie's third child died after a little over a month.Dowling's Family
Battle of Sabine Pass1863-09-08Dowling and the Davis Guards repelled Union gunboats at Sabine Pass from Fort Griffin. Although the numbers are disputed today, there were between 42 and 47 men under Dowling's command, between 250 and 350 Union troops captured, between 17 and 23 Union transports involved in the battle, and 2-3 gunboats captured with between 1500 and 15000 Union troops aboard the rest.<br><br><i>Illustration by Tom Lovell in "True, the Men's Magazine."</i>'s LifeSabine Pass;Texas;ConfederacyDavis Guards
Gettysburg Address1863-11-19Speech delivered by President Lincoln at the dedication of a cemetery for the soldiers who died at Gettysburg. Lincoln outlined the aims of the Civil War for the Union as providing the nation with " a new birth of freedom."<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">The Gettysburg Address</a> Civil WarUnion
Davis Guards Desert1863-12-241864-01-08In December 1863, four of the Davis Guards went "over to the enemy". In January 1864, "three more followed".<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Civil WarDavis Guards
Commendary Resolution1864-02-08The Confederate Congress passed a resolution signed by Jefferson Davis commending the Battle of Sabine Pass as "one of the most brilliant and heroic moments in the history of this war"<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Remembering DowlingDavis Guards;Confederacy
The Fall of Atlanta1864-09-02Following General Sherman's infamous siege of Atlanta, the city was evacuated by its governor and all Confederate assets are destroyed. Civil WarConfederacy
Lincoln re-elected1864-11-08<i>Illustration in Harper's Weekly, v. 9, 1865 March 18, p. 161.</i> War
Felix Sabine Dowling born1864-11-26Dick and Annie Dowling had a fourth son, presumably named after a soldier in Company F and the Battle of Sabine Pass.Dowling's Family
Lincoln assassinated1865-03-15John Wilkes Booth shot President Lincoln during a showing of <i>Our American Cousin</i> at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. Lincoln died the next day.<br><br><i>Lithograph of the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln by Currier & Ives, 1865<i> WarUnion
Lee surrenders1865-04-09General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House. Civil WarConfederacy;Union
13th Amendment ratified1865-12-06Formally abolished slavery in the United States. Former Confederate states were required to accept this amendment into their constitutions before being readmitted into the Union.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">The 13th Amendment</a> Reconstruction
Dowling refused registration for voting1867-06-21Dowling was refused registration for voting in 1867, though he was a prominent member of the Houston community.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's LifeHouston;Texas
Yellow fever outbreak begins in Galveston1867-08-05The first outbreak of yellow fever in Galveston caused citizens of Houston to prepare for an epidemic as well<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's LifeGalveston;Texas
Mary Anne Dowling born1867-08-31The fifth child of Dick and Annie Dowling, Mary Anne Dowling was the couple's first and only daughter.Dowling's Family
Dowling recovers from first bout of yellow fever1867-09-07Though at the end of August Dowling had caught the disease, by September 7th Dowling was reported to be recovering by a local newspaper.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a> Dowling's Life
Dowling has relapse of yellow fever1867-09-17Dowling suffered from a relapse of his yellow fever and was carried home from the Bank of Bacchus.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">link</a> Dowling's LifeHouston;Texas
Dick Dowling dies of yellow fever1867-09-23After Dowling's relapse of yellow fever, his physician Dr. Andrew J was not able to save him. Dowling succumbed to the disease on September 23.<br><br><a href=""_blank">"Dick Dowling and the Battle of Sabine Pass" by Andrew Forest Muir</a>'s Life
14th Amendment ratified1868-07-09Granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” including former slaves. Also forbade any state from denying the "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" of any citizen or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” Ratification of this amendment was required from each former Confederate state before its readmission into the Union.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">14th Amendment</a> Reconstruction
F. H. Odlum dies1868-10-22Annie Dowling's uncle and leader of the Davis Guards died.Dowling's FamilyDavis Guards
The Bank & Bacchus closes1868-10-23Following the death of both Dowling and Odlum, who helped run Dowling's businesses, Dowling's most popular bar closed.Remembering Dowling
15th Amendment ratified1870-02-03Granted suffrage to African-American males: "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">15th Amendment</a> Reconstruction
Annie Elizabeth Dowling marries Walter R. Daniel1870-02-14Dowling's widow married a Galveston merchant. They would have four children together.Dowling's Life
Texas Readmitted into the Union1870-03-30After voting on a revised state constitution and electing a new state government, the Texas legislature passed the 14th and 15th Amendments, allowing them to be readmitted into the Union.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Texas Readmitted into Union</a> ReconstructionTexas
Davis Speech about Battle of Sabine Pass1882-04-25In his speech, former president of the Confederacy Jefferson Davis praised heroes of the Confederacy. In his discussion of Dowling, he compared the Battle of Sabine Pass to that of Thermopylae, and urged his fellow Southerners to remember great Confederates like Dowling.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Davis Speech</a> Remembering DowlingConfederacy
Petition to create Dowling County proposed at state congress1889-02-04The proposal suggested that land from Pecos County be utilized to create a new county named after Dick Dowling. The proposal was soon petitioned against by citizens of Pecos County and rejected.Remembering DowlingTexasTexas Government
Medal presented to Dowling's daughter1889-03-05A diamond medal was presented to Mary Anne Dowling, Dick Dowling's daughter, by the 21st Texas State Legislature, as a tribute to Dowling, Sabine Pass, and "Irishmen in general"<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">link</a> <br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Medal to Dowling's Daughter</a> Remembering DowlingTexasTexas Government
Founding of the United Confederate Veterans1889-06-10The United Confederate Veterans was formed in New Orleans, June 10, 1889. Their mission statement was to "unite in a general federation all associations of Confederate veterans, soldiers and sailors, now in existence or hereafter to be formed; to gather authentic data for an impartial history of the war between the States". The UCV was active from 1889 to the mid 1940s. Its final reunion was held in Norfolk, Virginia, in 1951. Remembering DowlingUCV
Ida B. Wells publishes <i>Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in all Its Horrors</i>1892Ida B. Wells, in an attempt to shed light on the horrors experienced by Southern blacks at the hands of whites, published <i>Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in all Its Horrors</i><br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Southern Horrors</a> Redemption
Henry Smith burned alive in Paris, Texas1893-02-01Henry Smith, a Black man accused of murdering three-year-old Myrtle Vance, was paraded through Paris, Texas, tortured, and then burned alive in front of a crowd of about 10,000 Texans.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Henry Smith Burned Alive</a> RedemptionTexas
Establishment of the Texas Division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy1896-05-15The Texas Division United Daughters of the Confederacy was organized in Victoria, Texas on May 15, 1896. The United Daughters of the Confederacy is the outgrowth of many local memorial, monument, and Confederate home associations and auxiliaries to camps of United Confederate Veterans that were organized after the Civil War. Their objective is to "honor the memory of those who served and those who fell in the service of the Confederate States of America". <br><br><a href=""target="_blank">Texas Division United Daughters of the Confederacy </a>Remembering DowlingTexasUDC;UCV
Plessy v. Ferguson1896-05-18The Supreme Court ruled that "separate-but-equal" facilities for Black and White citizens on intrastate railroads did not violate the Constitution, opening the way for segregation across the United States<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Plessy v. Ferguson</a> Redemption
Organization of the Sons of Confederate Veterans1896-06The direct descendent of the United Confederate Veterans, the Sons of Confederate Veterans was founded in 1896. The SCV is dedicated to "preserving the history and legacy of these heroes, so future generations can understand the motives that animated the Southern Cause".<br><br><a href=""target="_blank">SCV Headquarters</a>Remembering DowlingUCV;SCV
Dowling's sword presented to Dick Dowling Camp of Veterans1900-12-05Dowling's sword was presented to the Dick Dowling Camp of Veterans by the son of Captain P.D. Brotherson, to whom the sword was first given by Dowling himself.Remembering DowlingUCV
Formation of Dick Dowling Monument Association1901-01-20The Dick Dowling Camp of the United Confederate Veterans together with Irish organizations, including the Emmet Council, Ancient Order of Hibernians and the Hibernian Society of Houston, came together under an umbrella organization known as the Dick Dowling Monument Association for the purpose of constructing a monument "erected to the memory of Dick Dowling and the Davis Guards". <br><br><a href=",803"target="_blank">Dick Dowling Monument Association</a>Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasUCV
Poll Taxes made Constitutional in Texas1902The Texas legislature amended the state's constitution to make poll taxes constitutional<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Poll Taxes Constitutional</a> RedemptionTexasTexas Government
Terrell Laws passed19031905Election bills named after Alexander Terrell, a Confederate veteran who pushed for civil service reform in the form of poll taxes and other restrictions, are passed by the Texas legislature, placing restrictions on political rights in Texas<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Terrell Laws</a> RedemptionTexasTexas Government
Black voter turnout in Texas drops to 2%1905Less than four years after poll taxes were made constitutional in Texas, Black voter turnout was recorded at an all-time low of 2%RedemptionTexas
Dowling statue unveiled1905-03-17The Dick Dowling monument was unveiled at Market Square in Houston, TX. A celebration accompanied the unveiling, during which Dowling's Irish roots were celebrated along with his heroism during the Civil War. Three veterans of the Davis Guards, David Fitzgerald, R. C. O'Hara, and John A. Drummond, were present for the celebration as well.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Veterans Visit</a><br><a href="" target="_blank">Monument Unveiled</a> DowlingHouston;TexasDavis Guards;UCV;UDC
Walter Daniel dies1916-08-07Annie Elizabeth Daniel, Dick Dowling's widow, buried her second husband two years before she died.Dowling's Family
Annie Elizabeth Daniel dies1918-05-13Dick Dowling's widow died at the age of 78.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Obituary</a> Dowling's Family
Felix Sabine Dowling dies1926-06-12Dick Dowling's son died at the age of 61.Dowling's Family
Monument Placed in St. Vincent's Cemetery1935-11-02On this day, the dedication of a monument was placed in St. Vincent’s Cemetery to honor Dowling’s final resting place. The event occurred on All Soul's Day, a Roman Catholic Holy Day honoring the dead. Many of Houston and Texas’s elites attended and participated in the event. The Max Autrey Post of the American Legion was responsible for the monument.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">St. Vincent's Cemetery Monument</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;Texas
The Texas Centennial Monument Erected in Honor of
Dick Dowling and The Davis Guard
at Sabine Pass, Texas.
1937-05-22The Texas Centennial Commission funded a monument to be erected on the site of Fort Griffin. Five Texas State Historical markers complement the Statue by describing the Battle of Sabine Pass. DowlingSabine Pass;TexasTexas Government
Dowling statue moved from in front of City Hall to Sam Houston Park1939-09-14The Dowling statue was moved from in front of City Hall to Sam Houston Park in order to make way for the construction of bus sheds in front of the old City Hall.<br><br><a href=",481" target="_blank">Move to Sam Houston Park</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasTexas Government
Dedicating Sam Houston Park as the new site of the Dowling memorial1940-03-16A group of about 50 members of the United Confederate Veterans and the United Daughters of the Confederacy gathered to dedicate Sam Houston Park as the new site of the Dowling memorial. In addition, March 16 was declared to be Dick Dowling Day by Mayor Oscar F. Holcombe.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Statue at Sam Houston Park</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasUCV;UDC
Civil Rights Movement 19541968Movement aimed at abolishing private and public acts of discrimination and racism targeting African Americans and other disadvantaged groups between 1954 and 1968.<br><br><iframe src=";byline=0&amp;portrait=0" width="400" height="302" frameborder="0"></iframe><p><a href="">The Houston Civil Rights Movement</a> from <a href="">ted irving</a> on <a href="">Vimeo</a>.</p>Civil Rights Movement
Dowling statue placed in storage1957The Dowling statue was placed in storage because of the renovation of the Noble-Kellum House in Sam Houston Park.<br><br><a href=",500" target="_blank">Statue Placed in Storage</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasTexas Government
Mary Anne Dowling dies1957-09-10Dick Dowling's daughter died at the age of 90.Dowling's Family
Dowling's spot in Hermann Park claimed for George Hermann1958-04-27The city of Houston was asked to reserve space in Hermann Park for a statue of George Hermann. The location favored by the trustees of the Hermann estate was the one City Parks and Recreation Director Gus Haycock had picked out for the statue of Dowling, just off Fannin Street in front of Hermann Hospital.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Spot Claimed</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasTexas Government
Dowling statue to be erected in Hermann Park in about two weeks1958-05-19The statue was to be erected in Hermann Park in about two weeks; however, the statue could not be rededicated until the paving of the Outer Belt was complete. City Parks and Recreation Director Gus Haycock believed the location by the Hermann Loop and Outer Belt was ideal for the Dowling statue.<br><br><a href=",500" target="_blank">Moving Soon</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasTexas Government
Dowling statue moved to Hermann Park1958-07-22The Dick Dowling statue was placed in the triangle formed by the juncture of the Hermann Park Circle Drive with the spot connecting the drive with Holcombe Boulevard, in the southeast corner of Hermann Park.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Hermann Park</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;Texas
Dowling statue's swords stolen for a fifth time1958-08-23Although Dowling did not have a sword until after the battle, Dowling's statue has a sword. This sword was stolen for a fifth time on this date. The Ancient Order of Hibernians and former City Councilman Tom Needham were important in financing and maintaining the statue around this time.<br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Sword Stolen</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasHibernians;Texas Government
Memorial services held at Hermann Park1958-09-07Memorial services commemorating the Battle of Sabine Pass were concluded at the Dick Dowling Statue in Hermann Park by the Albert Sidney Johnston Camp of the Sons of Confederate Veterans .Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasSCV
Texas Southern University Sit-In1960-03-04On March 4, 1960, 13 students from Texas Southern University walked from campus to the Weingartens supermarket lunch counter, where they sat down and asked to be served. They sat quietly for more than four hours, but were never helped. This was Houston's first sit-in. Civil Rights MovementHouston;Texas
Felton Turner brutally attacked1960-03-07Felton Turner was a 27-year-old African American who was abducted by gunpoint and then severely beaten. Turner's attack helped awaken the African-American community in Houston to the continued injustices committed and also helped gain support for the students actions. Over the next three years, virtually all businesses in downtown Houston were desegregated.Civil Rights MovementHouston;Texas
Neta Taylor refutes the Hibernian's role in Dowling's statue1960-04-26Neta Taylor claimed "it has been erroneously stated that the fund was raised by public subscription, and that the Hibernian Club built the Monument". Taylor said that this shows the United Confederate Veterans began the project and that there were many Irish Veterans in the camp, who "were instrumental in securing help from their Club to help finish the Monument". <br><br><a href=",496" target="_blank">Taylor Refutes Hibernians</a> Remembering DowlingUCV;Hibernians;UDC
Civil Rights Act of 19641964The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in employment practices and public accommodations. Civil Rights Movement
Barbara Jordan becomes the first African American to win a state senate seat1966Barbara Jordan, a young lawyer and Texas Southern alumnus, was the first African American elected to the Texas Senate post-reconstruction and the first Southern black woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.Civil Rights MovementTexas
Dedication of a Texas state historical marker honoring Dick Dowling1966-05-12An official Texas state historical marker honoring Dick Dowling and his men who won the Battle of Sabine Pass was dedicated on Thursday. The marker was erected about 100 feet north of the Dick Dowling monument in Hermann Park. The ceremony was sponsored by the Harris County Historical Survey Committee and chapters of the United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Sons of Confederate Veterans were present. <br><br><a href="" target="_blank">Texas State Marker</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasTexas Government;UDC;SCV
Formation of the Dick Dowling Irish Heritage Society 1989-09-01Larry Miggins and others formed the Dick Dowling Irish Heritage Society to "adopt Dowling's statue and restore the this tribute to one of Houston's earliest heroes and leading citizens."<br><br><a href=",188" target="_blank">Dick Dowling Irish Heritage Society Invitation</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasIrish Heritage Society
Letter from Tuam1997-03-10Letter from Tuam Town Commissioners to Dick Dowling Irish Heritage Society congratulating the society on the occasion of the rededication of the Dowling Memorial planned for March 16, 1997.<br><br><a href=",643" target="_blank">Letter from Tuam</a> Remembering DowlingTuam;IrelandIrish Heritage Society
Rededication ceremony1997-03-16A rededication ceremony was held in Hermann Park, unveiling the statue after a complete conservation treatment had been performed by Zbigniew Pietruszewski of the Laboratory for the Conservation of Fine Arts. The ceremony included tributes to Dowling's Irish heritage as well as a military salute from the Sons of Confederate Veterans. <br><br><a href=",158" target="_blank">Program for the Dick Dowling Monument Rededication</a> Remembering DowlingHouston;TexasTexas Government;Irish Heritage Society;SCV
100th year anniversary of statue2005-03-17The Dick Dowling Statue in Hermann Park celebrated the 100th year anniversary of its unveiling on St. Patrick’s Day in 1905.Remembering DowlingHouston;Texas
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