11. Scope and Sequences
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OUSD 11th Grade Physics Yearlong Scope and Sequence
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Curriculum Instructions - How to Use This Curriculum
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Curriculum Toolkit
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Overarching Question:How can humans improve (their livelihood) while minimizing social & evironmental costs?
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Unit of Study:Unit 0 - The Physics of PerceptionUnit 1- KinematicsUnit 2 - Momentum, Newton's Laws, and HelmetsUnit 3 - Fields: Gravitational, Electrical and MagneticFinalUnit 4 - Work-EnergyUnit 5 - Energy ConversionUnit 6 - Energy Transmission (Waves and Comms)Final
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Table of Contents:Unit 0 - ToCUnit 1 - ToCUnit 2 - ToCUnit 3 - ToC-Unit 4 - ToCUnit 5 - ToCUnit 6 - ToC-
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Unit Feedback:Unit 0 FeedbackUnit 1 FeedbackUnit 2 Feedback Unit 3 Feedback-Unit 5 FeedbackUnit 4 FeedbackUnit 6 Feedback
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Unit Length & Dates:2 weeks
Marking Period 1
August 22-September 2
5 weeks
Marking Period 1
September 6-October 7
6 Weeks
Marking Period 2
October 10-November 18
5 Weeks
Marking Period 3
November 28-January 13
*Winter Break: December 19-30
1 Week
Jan. 17-20
6 Weeks
Marking Period 5
March 6-April 21
*Spring Break: April 3-7
6 Weeks
Marking Period 4
January 23-March 3
6 Weeks
Marking Period 6
April 24-June 2
1 Week
June 5-9
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Essential Question(s):What information can I use and manipulate to determine where an object will land?

What are some ways to make extreme forces safer for the human body?



How are we able to extract useful energy out of a system?

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Anchor Phenomenon:Hövding: The Invisible Bicycle Helmet
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Storyline: (Students' role)You are a pilot being enlisted to help drop aid supplies after all methods of bringing in aid has failed. In order to make sure this aid drop goes as planned, you must use calculations from previous drops in different locations to ensure that the aid package safely and successfully reaches the drop zone.You are a sport safety engineer exploring new helmets for athletes. To build a better helmet, you have to understand momentum, forces, and concussions.A next generation transportation start-up wants you, their propulsion engineer, to come up with a safe, efficient and fast way to transport people across land. You are tasked with using the principles of electromagnetic force (Lorentz Force) to base your design around. You will learn about gravitational force, Coulomb's law and the fundamentals of Lorentz force to guide you in your engineering and design process. You are an energy engineer trying to make an engine that is the most efficient, but has the least environmental costs.Congress wasn't convinced by your first attempt to get them to switch energy sources. So now you are going local and are trying to convince your local community that alternative energy sources are not only feasible but desirable.
You are a community developer who needs to design a residence that will be powered by alternative energy and takes into account the energy needs and wants of a typical Oakland resident.
We all gotta communicate! You are a post-apocalyptic telecoms engineer coming up with ways for human's to communicate when the SHTF. You will need to learn about waves, vibrations and the electromagnetic spectrum.
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Learning Tasks:Entry Task: Artistotle v. Galileo Entry Task - Water Balloons & HelmetsEntry Task: CER on EMDriveEntry Task: Roller Coaster DesignEntry Task: Electromagnetic Motor DesignTask 1: Earthquake proof buildings.
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Task 1: Collecting Data & Describing MotionTask 1 - Forces in Sports Task 1: Modeling Universal GravitationTask 1: Turning PE into WorkTask 1: Energy go-roundTask 2: Making communication Happen
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Task 2: Acceleration & GravityTask 2 - Forces in EarthquakesTask 2: Coulomb's LawTask 2: Putt putt boat

Task 2: Field LinesTask 3: Greenhouses & Greenhouse Effect
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Task 3: Mass v. WeightTask 3 - Elasticity of Different MaterialsTask 3: Lorentz' LawTask 3: Lava LampTask 3: Circuits in the HomeTask 4: Water Purification (ultraviolet light)
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Task 4: Mechanical EnergyTask 4 - Elastic & Inelastic CollisionsTask 4: RadiationTask 4: Thermo & Solar Electric EfficiencyTask 5: Electromagnetic Radiation & the Body
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Task 5 - Arguing about Materials Task 5: Nuclear Power Plant Task 5 : Solar Cell ConstructionTask 6: Waves and Music!
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Summative Task - Free Fall and Air Drops

Summative Task - Helmet Design
Summative Task - Linear Accelerator Summative Task - Heat Engines & Power PlantsSummative Task: Sustainable HomeSummative Task - Communication Network
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NGSS Alignment
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Performance Expectations:HS-PS2-1: Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.

HS-ESS2-1: Develop a model to illustrate how Earth's internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scaes to form continental and ocean-floor features.
HS-PS2-1: Analyze data to support the claim that newton's second law of motion describe tha mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscope object, it's mass, and it's acceleration.

HS-PS2-2: Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.

HS-PS2-3: Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.

HS-PS2-6:Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials.

HS-ESS1-5: Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of contintental and oceanic curst and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.

HS-ESS2-2: Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to theEarth's surface can create feedbacks thatcause changes to other Earth Systems.
HS-PS2-4: Use mathematical representations of Newton’s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb’s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects.

HS-PS3-5: Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.

HS-ESS1-4: Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
HS-PS3-3: Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy. HS-ESS2-3: Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection. HS-ESS1-3: Communicate scientific ideas about the way stars, over their life cycle, produce elements. HS-PS3-2: Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects). HS-PS3-3: Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy. HS-PS2-5: Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current. HS-PS1-8: Develop models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay HS-ESS1-1: Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.HS-PS4-1: Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.

HS-PS4-2: Evaluate questions about the advantages of using a digital transmission and storage of information.

HS-PS4-3: Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.

HS-PS4-4: Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter.

HS-PS4-5: Communicate technical information about how some technological devices use the principles of wave behavior and wave interactions with matter to transmit and capture information and energy.
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Science and Engineering Practices:2. Developing and Using Models3. Planning and Carrying Out Investigations 5. Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking 2. Developing and Using Models1. Asking Questions and Defining Problems 1. Asking questions and defining problems: (Summative Task/Assessment)
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7. Engaging in Argument from Evidence4. Analyzing DataScience Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena
3. Planning and Carrying Out Investigations2. Developing and Using Models2. Modelling: Seimic waves and earthquake proof buildings
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5. Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking 1. Asking Questions and Defining Problems4. Analyzing Data3. Planning and Carrying out investigations3. Planning and Carrying out investigations:
(EP Buildings, Ultraviolet light and water purification)
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6. Constructing Explanations and Desgning Solutions8. Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information 6. Constructing Explanations and Desgning Solutions5. Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking 4. Analyzing Data (Greenhouse effect, CO2 emissions, albedo)
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7. Engaging in argument from evidence6. Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions5. Mathematical and Computational thinking. (looking a frequency, wavelength, wave speed in the context of seismic waves and musical notes)
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6. Constructing Explanations and designing solutions (How does a greenhouse work? How can you design one to achieve X criteria and furnish Y type of environment)
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7. Engaging in argument from evidence (anchor texts on earthquake engineering, greenhouse effect, various waves and human health, and indoor marijuana grow labs)
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8. Obtaining, evaluating and communicating information (use anchor texts to support the science behind growhouses, summative task on building a communication network, task on validity of various forms of electromagnetic radiation)
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Disciplinary Core Ideas:PS2.A: Forces and Motion - Newton's second law accurately predicts changes in the motion of macroscopic objects.PS1.A: The structure and interactions of matter at the bulk scale are determined by electrical forces within and between atoms.PS1.C: Nuclear Processes: Nuclear processes, including fusion, fission, and radioactive decays of unstable nuclei, involve realease or absorption of energy. The total number of neutrons plus protons does not change in any nuclear process.PS2.B: Forces at a distance are explained by fields permeating space that can transfer energy through space. Magnets or electric currents cause magnetic fields, electric charges or changing magentic fields cause electric fields.PS3.D: Energy in Chemical Processes: Solar cells are human-made devices that likewise capture the sun’s energy and produce electrical energy. (secondary)
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PS2.A: Newton's Second Law accurately predicts changes in the motion of macroscopic objects.
PS2.A: Momentum is defined for a particular frame of reference; it is the mass times the velocity of the object. In any system, total momentum is always conserved.
PS2.A: If a system interacts with objects outside itself, the total momentum of the system can change; however, any such change is balanced by changes in the momentum of objects outside the system.
PS3.A: Definitions of Energy: At the macroscopic scale, energy manifests itself in multiple ways, such as in motion, sound, light, and thermal energy.PS3.A: Definitions of Energy: Energy is a quantitative property of a system that depends on the motion and interactions of matter and radiation within that system. Total energy in a system is conserved, but is continually transferred from one object to another and between its various forms.
At the macroscopic scale, energy manifests itself in multiple ways, such as in motion, sound, light, and thermal energy.
PS4.A: Wave Properties: The wavelength and frequency of a wave are related to one another by the speed of travel of the wave, which depends on the type of wave and the medium through which it is passing.
Information can be digitized (e.g., a picture stored as the values of an array of pixels); in this form, it can be stored reliably in computer memory and sent over long distances as a series of wave pulses.
Superposition and interactions of waves
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PS2.B: Types of Interactions - Attraction and repulsion between electric charges at the atomic scale explain the structure, properties, and transformations of matter, as well as the contact forces between material objects.ESS2.B: Plate tectonics is the unifying theory that explains the past and current movements of the rocks at Earth's surface and provides a framework for understanding it's geologic history.PS3.D: Chemical Processes and Everyday Life: Energy cannot be created nor destroyed, but it can be converted (with energy "loss" to the environment)PS3.B: Conservation of energy means that the total change of energy in any system is always equal to the total energy transfered into or out of the system.
Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be transported from one place to another and transfered between systems.
The availability of energy limits what can occur in any system.
PS4.A: Wave Properties: The wavelength and frequency of a wave are related to one another by the speed of travel of the wave, which depends on the type of wave and the medium through which it is passing.
Information can be digitized (e.g., a picture stored as the values of an array of pixels); in this form, it can be stored reliably in computer memory and sent over long distances as a series of wave pulses.
Superposition and interactions of waves
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ETS1.B: When evaluating solutions, it is important to take into account a range of constrants including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics.PS4.A: Wave Properties: Geologists use seismic waves and their reflection at interfaces between layers to probe structures deep in the planet.PS3.D: Nuclear fusion processes in the center of the sun release the energy that ultimately reaches Earth as radiation.PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation: Electromagnetic radiation (e.g., radio, microwaves, light) can be modeled as a wave of changing electric and magnetic fields or as particles called photons. The wave model is useful for explaining many features of electromagnetic radiation, and the particle model explains other features.
When light or longer wavelength electromagnetic radiation is absorbed in matter, it is generally converted into thermal energy (heat). Shorter wavelength electromagnetic radiation (ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) can ionize atoms and cause damage to living cells.
Photoelectric materials emit electrons when they absorb light of a high-enough frequency.
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ETS1.A: Criteria and constraints also include satisfying any requirements set by society, such as taking issues of risk mitigation into account, and they should be quantified to the extent possible and stated in such a way that one can tell if a given design meets them. ESS1.A: The Universe and its Starts: Spectra of stars can identify their composition, movements, and distances from Earth. Also, all elements through iron are created through nuclear processes in stars (giving off EM radiation) and supernovae produce heavier elements.PS4.C: Information Technologies and Instrumentation: Multiple tools in the modern world require the use and understanding of wave phenomena. They are essential tools for producing, transmitting, and capturing signals and for storing and interpreting the information contained in them.
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ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems: The structure of the Earth's interior. Thermal convection in the mantle drives plate tectonics, transfer of materials, and transfer of thermal energy from the core to the crust.ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting an Engineering Problem
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ESS2.B: Plate Tectonics and Large-scale System Interactions: Energy in the Earth's crust and mantle is provided through radioactive decay of unstable isotopes, which drives convection, which drives plate tectonics.ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions
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ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution
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Cross Cutting Concepts:2. Cause and Effect: Mechanism and ExplanationsSystems and System ModelsSystems and System ModelsScale, Proportion, and QuantityPatterns (language as a pattern for communication)
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4. Systems and System ModelsEnergy and Matter: Flows, cycles, and ConservationEnergy and Matter: FLows, Cycles, and ConservationSystems and Systems ModelsCause and effect (energy transfer through a medium)
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Structure and FunctionEnergy and Matter: Flows, Cycles, and ConservationScale, Proportion, and Quantity (e.g. seismic waves vs. microwaves)
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Structure and FunctionSystems and System Models (communications systems)
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Energy and Matter: Flows, cycles, and conservation (waves as a transmission of energy)
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Structure and Function (anatomy of a wave(s))
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Stability and Change (wave feedback, interactions)
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