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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | |
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1 | PHY 2030 Evidences (up through Q10) | |||||||||||||||||||||

2 | Fall 2016 | |||||||||||||||||||||

3 | Warning: currently being edited to reflect textbook updates from 2nd to 3rd edition | |||||||||||||||||||||

4 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

5 | Active? | Chapter | Name | Standard / Evidence | Problems | |||||||||||||||||

6 | YES | L A B | LApparatus | I can use a lab apparatus with appropriate technique to make measurements accurately and precisely. | ||||||||||||||||||

7 | YES | LReport | I can write a lab report in LaTeX in a style consistent with a journal article that describes the experiment, measurements, and conclusions. | |||||||||||||||||||

8 | YES | LJournal | I can review a journal article and write a summary of the article that describes the experimental setup, analysis, and conclusions. | |||||||||||||||||||

9 | YES | LFermi | I can solve mathematical problems (e.g., "Fermi" problems) in my head and on paper without the use of a calculator (to within an order of magnitude of the correct answer). | |||||||||||||||||||

10 | YES | R E L A T I V I T Y | R1 | Rel | I can state the Principle of Relativity and can apply it to non-relativistic motion | |||||||||||||||||

11 | YES | Rel.1 | I can design a test for whether a reference frame is inertial or not and can identify inertial reference frames. | |||||||||||||||||||

12 | YES | Rel.2 | I can state the Principle of Relativity. | |||||||||||||||||||

13 | YES | Rel.3 | I can derive the Galilean transformation equations for position and velocity and can use them to make predictions of what an observer in a particular inertial reference frame would measure. | |||||||||||||||||||

14 | YES | Rel.4 | I can describe how clocks are synchronized in Newtonian Relativity and what measurements observers in inertial reference frames will agree on. | |||||||||||||||||||

15 | YES | R1,R2 | SR | I can provide evidence for Special Relativity and can apply SR to relativistic motion | ||||||||||||||||||

16 | YES | SR.1 | I can explain the "problem with electromagnetic waves" and the experiment(s) that showed the non-existence of the ether. | |||||||||||||||||||

17 | YES | SR.2 | I can describe how clocks are synchronized in Special Relativity. | |||||||||||||||||||

18 | YES | SR.3 | I can convert between SI units and SR units. | |||||||||||||||||||

19 | YES | SR.4 | I can sketch and interpret worldlines on a spacetime diagram. | |||||||||||||||||||

20 | YES | R2, R3, R4 | Time | I can measure or calculate position, coordinate time, proper time, and spacetime interval, and I know what quantities are invariant. | ||||||||||||||||||

21 | YES | Time.1 | I can define coordinate time, proper time, and spacetime interval and can describe how each quantity is measured. I can use a geometric analogy with spacial coordinates to describe each quantity, thus comparing plane geometry and spacetime geometry. | |||||||||||||||||||

22 | YES | Time.2 | I can explain why events that are simultaneous in one inertial frame are not simultaneous in another frame. | |||||||||||||||||||

23 | YES | Time.3 | Use the metric equation to calculate spacetime interval. | |||||||||||||||||||

24 | YES | Time.4 | I can explain the Twin Paradox using a spacetime diagram and a calculation of spacetime interval for each twin. | |||||||||||||||||||

25 | YES | Time.5 | I can calculate the number of muons remaining after x number of half-lives, and I can explain, using the metric equation, why fewer muons decay than is predicted by classical physics. | |||||||||||||||||||

26 | YES | Time.6 | I can calculate the proper time along a curved worldline traversed by an inertial clock moving at constant speed. | |||||||||||||||||||

27 | YES | Time.7 | I can derive and use the bionomial approximation. | |||||||||||||||||||

28 | YES | Time.8 | I can describe and give examples to explain the relationship between coordinate time, spacetime interval, and proper time. | |||||||||||||||||||

29 | YES | R5 | LT | I can calculate (and compare) spacetime coordinates of an event for observers in different inertial frames. | ||||||||||||||||||

30 | YES | LT.1 | I can draw a two-observer diagram, with correctly sloped t' and x' axes and correctly calibrated scales, and can plot and read the spacetime coordinates of events. | |||||||||||||||||||

31 | YES | LT.2 | I can use a two-observer diagram to transform coordinates of an event from one frame to another frame and can use the two-observer diagram to solve problems and make predictions. | |||||||||||||||||||

32 | YES | LT.3 | I can use the Lorentz Transformation Equations (and Inverse Lorentz Transformation Equations) | |||||||||||||||||||

33 | YES | R6 | LC | I can calculate (and compare) length measurements for observers in different inertial frames. | ||||||||||||||||||

34 | YES | LC.1 | I can state an operational definition for the length of an object. | |||||||||||||||||||

35 | YES | LC.2 | I can use a two-observer diagram to determine the length of an object as measured in an Other frame. | |||||||||||||||||||

36 | YES | LC.3 | I can calculate the Lorentz contraction of an object | |||||||||||||||||||

37 | YES | R7 | V | I can calculate (and compare) velocity measurements for observers in different inertial frames. | ||||||||||||||||||

38 | YES | V.1 | I can use the Einstein velocity transformation equations to calculate the velocity of an object measured by an observer in an Other frame (or alternatively, the Home frame). | |||||||||||||||||||

39 | YES | R7 | Causality | I can determine whether two events are causally related. | ||||||||||||||||||

40 | YES | Causality.1 | I can determine whether the interval between events is timelike, lightlike, or spacelike and can describe how each interval is measured. | |||||||||||||||||||

41 | YES | Causality.2 | I can determine whether two events are causally related. | |||||||||||||||||||

42 | YES | Causality.3 | I understand The Cosmic Speed Limit and that it results from Causality being consistent with the Principle of Relativity | |||||||||||||||||||

43 | YES | R8, R9 | 4Mom | I can calculate mass, momentum, energy, and 4-momentum for a particle, and I know which quantities are invariant and which quantities are conserved. | ||||||||||||||||||

44 | YES | R9 | Cons | I can apply conservation of 4-momentum to a system. | ||||||||||||||||||

45 | YES | Q U A N T U M - M E C H A N I C S | Q1, Q2 | WS | I can describe the modes of a standing wave (whether transverse or longitudinal) whether it is fixed at both ends or free and fixed at each end. | |||||||||||||||||

46 | YES | WS.1 | I can derive equations Q1.12a and Q1.12b. | |||||||||||||||||||

47 | YES | WS.2 | I can state the superposition principle and can add waves graphically and algebraically. | |||||||||||||||||||

48 | YES | WS.3 | I can describe the shape of a reflected wave at an interface between two media or at a boundary with a fixed or free end. | |||||||||||||||||||

49 | YES | WS.4 | I can derive equation Q1.9 and can use it to describe the motion of various pieces of the medium for a standing wave. | |||||||||||||||||||

50 | YES | WS.5 | I can identify the boundary conditions and can calculate the frequency of the normal modes of a standing wave. | |||||||||||||||||||

51 | YES | Q3 | WI | I can use path difference to predict the interference of two sources of waves at a location. | ||||||||||||||||||

52 | YES | WI.1 | I can calculate the path difference at a given location from two sources and can predict whether it will result in total constructive interference or total destructive interference or something in between. | |||||||||||||||||||

53 | YES | WI.2 | I can calculate the locations of bright fringes in a double-slit experiment, and I can describe how fringe spacing depends on wavelength and slit spacing. | |||||||||||||||||||

54 | YES | WI.3 | I can calculate the locations of dark fringes in a single-slit experiment. | |||||||||||||||||||

55 | YES | WI.4 | I can use the Rayleigh Criterion to describe whether two point sources can be resolved. | |||||||||||||||||||

56 | YES | WI.5 | I can use a single-slit interference apparatus to determine the wavelength of a light source, including uncertainty. | |||||||||||||||||||

57 | YES | Q4,Q5 | WP | I can provide evidence for wave-particle duality and can apply a particle model or a wave model to a quanton, depending on the experiment. | ||||||||||||||||||

58 | YES | WP.1 | I can describe the photoelectric effect experiment and can use the photon model for light to explain the results, explain and interpret a graph of maximum kinetic energy vs. frequency, and make predictions. | |||||||||||||||||||

59 | YES | WP.2 | I can use a photoelectric effect apparatus to conduct an experiment to measure Planck's constant and the work function of the metal. | |||||||||||||||||||

60 | YES | WP.3 | I can calculate the energy of a photon and relate energy to frequency (or wavelength) of light. | |||||||||||||||||||

61 | YES | WP.4 | I can relate the number of photons per second incident on a surface and intensity of light for a given power of a light source. I also understand the difference between a point source of light and a beam of light in terms of how its intensity varies with distance. | |||||||||||||||||||

62 | YES | WP.5 | I can compute the deBroglie wavelength of a particle. | |||||||||||||||||||

63 | YES | WP.6 | I can apply conservation of energy to a charged particle traveling between two charged plates to compute the particle's deBroglie wavelength. | |||||||||||||||||||

64 | YES | WP.7 | I can interpret results of the double-slit experiment for particles by treating them as waves. | |||||||||||||||||||

65 | YES | WP.8 | I can compute the angles for constructive interference in the Davisson-Germer experiment. | |||||||||||||||||||

66 | YES | QA | MQ | I can use the mathematics needed to describe the state of a quanton, including complex algebra, the inner product of two complex vectors, probability, and normalization. | ||||||||||||||||||

67 | YES | MQ.1 | I can do complex algebra. | |||||||||||||||||||

68 | YES | MQ.2 | I can compute the intensity required to have a single photon traverse a given distance with a certain probability that there will only be one photon (at any instant) within the given range. | |||||||||||||||||||

69 | YES | MQ.3 | I can find the inner product of two complex vectors. | |||||||||||||||||||

70 | YES | MQ.4 | I can normalize a complex vector. | |||||||||||||||||||

71 | YES | Q6, Q7,Q9 | Qrules | I can recite and apply the "rules of the game" of quantum mechanics. | ||||||||||||||||||

72 | YES | Qrules.1 | I can look at a series of Stern-Gerlach devices and can predict the probability of an electron being aligned or anti-aligned with a given axis (x, y, z, theta) based on observations of various SG experiments. (Note: this involves understanding how making a measurement affects the electron's state and how recombining electrons of different spins affects the probability of a measurement.) | |||||||||||||||||||

73 | YES | Qrules.2 | I can write each of the "rules of the game" of quantum mechanics. | |||||||||||||||||||

74 | YES | Qrules.3 | I can apply the Outcome Probability rule to the spin of an electron. | |||||||||||||||||||

75 | YES | Qrules.4 | I can apply the Superposition rule to the spin of an electron. | |||||||||||||||||||

76 | YES | Qrules.5 | I can apply the Time-Evolution rule to the spin of an electron. | |||||||||||||||||||

77 | YES | Qrules.6 | Given a wavefunction, I can calculate the probability of measuring the position of an electron within a given range Delta x. | |||||||||||||||||||

78 | YES | Qrules.7 | Given a graph of a wavefunction, I can calculate the probability of measuring the position of an electron within a given range Delta x. | |||||||||||||||||||

79 | YES | Qrules.8 | I can calculate a normalization constant so that a wavefunction is normalized. | |||||||||||||||||||

80 | YES | Qrules.9 | I can identify whether a wavefunction is valid. | |||||||||||||||||||

81 | YES | Q10, Q11 | Qenergy | I can derive energy eigenvalues for various systems and can relate energy eigenvalues to a spectrum of photons emitted or absorbed. | ||||||||||||||||||

82 | YES | Qenergy.1 | I can derive the energy eigenvalues for a particle in a box and can sketch an energy diagram showing the eigenvalues. | |||||||||||||||||||

83 | YES | Qenergy.2 | I can derive the energy eigenvalues for an electron in a hydrogen atom using the Bohr model. | |||||||||||||||||||

84 | YES | Qenergy.3 | I can derive energy eigenvalues for other hydrogen-like systems. | |||||||||||||||||||

85 | YES | Qenergy.4 | I can use Conservation of Energy to calculate the wavelength (and energy) of a photon emitted or absorbed by a particle in a box. | |||||||||||||||||||

86 | YES | Qenergy.5 | I can sketch a spectrum diagram that shows the photon energies associated with certain transitions for a particle in a box. | |||||||||||||||||||

87 | YES | Qenergy.6 | I can use Conservation of Energy to calculate the wavelength (and energy) of a photon emitted or absorbed by a quantum oscillator. | |||||||||||||||||||

88 | YES | Qenergy.7 | I can derive the energy eigenvalues and the energies of photos emitted and absorbed for a single-electron atom. | |||||||||||||||||||

89 | YES | Q12 | TISEDer | I can derive the time-independent Schroedinger Equation (TISE) | ||||||||||||||||||

90 | YES | Not in book | TISE | I can demonstrate that a given wavefunction is consistent with the TISE, and I can solve the TISE for very simple potential functions. | ||||||||||||||||||

91 | Q12 | Qpsi | I can determine whether a wavefunction satisifes the Schroedinger equation. I can write a VPython program to calculate Psi numerically for a given value of E and graph Psi(x). I can use this program to find the energy eigenvalues of a system. | |||||||||||||||||||

92 | Qpsi.1 | I can find the energy eigenvalues for a hydrogen atom. | ||||||||||||||||||||

93 | Qpsi.2 | I can find the energy eigenvalues for a harmonic oscillator. | ||||||||||||||||||||

94 | Qpsi.3 | I can find the energy eigenvalues for a quanton in a well. | ||||||||||||||||||||

95 | N U C L E A R | Q12, Q13 | Nuclei | I can use simple principles to estimate the sizes of nuclei and calculate their binding energies. | ||||||||||||||||||

96 | Q13, Q14 | Decay | I can describe the main types of radioactive decay and calculate decay rates. | |||||||||||||||||||

97 | A S T R O | H1 | GR | I can state the the Principle of Equivalence and can use it to make predictions concerning the behavior of light and other objects in gravitational wells. I can derive the Schwarzschild radius of an object from first principles. I can calculate the gravitational redshift and time dilation expected for objects in gravitational wells. | handouts in class | |||||||||||||||||

98 | H2 | DM | I can derive equations for the rotation curves of simple galaxies and justify the existence of dark matter using observations from the literature. | handouts in class | ||||||||||||||||||

99 | H3 | COS | I understand Hubble's law and can derive the critical density of the universe using simple Newtonian assumptions. I can discuss how the true density compares to this value and what this implies concerning the structure and future of our universe. | handouts in class | ||||||||||||||||||

100 | H4 | DE | I can use arguments from first principles and observations in the literature to justify the existence of dark energy. |

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