Techie terminology
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Techie wordHow often do you see/hear this word? (5 very often - 1 not often at all)Definition
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Tomcat1Web application server - usually runs in conjunction with a web server (e.g. apache) to manage web applications.
Tomcat is a web application server. Tomcat works like a web server but it serves more compex pages and operations than the web server. For example your online banking system use a web application server while this blog use a web server.
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Apache1Web server program - determines how to direct the requests from browsers to files or programs on the server
Apache is a web server. A web server is the software behind every page you see on the internet. When your browser request a page the web server will produce the page you will see.
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Cron jobs4,4programs that are set to run at specific times on a server
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robots.txt2A file on a web server that specifies how they would like automated access to behave (e.g. Google's automated indexing processes)
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external resolver1
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SSH1A protocol for connecting to the command line on a(nother) computer / server
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clone3,3Context dependant - (to make) an identical copy
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dev site3,3a separate version of a live (web)site on which changes can be developed without risking breaking the live site.
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SVN0"SubVersioN" - a utility for keeping track of different versions of software during development and deployment
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UNIX3A group of similar operating systems, originally seen mainly in more technical situations e.g. servers.
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LINUX3A set of operating systems, based on UNIX, for use on PC style computers.
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MySQL3,3A database technology.
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ORACLE2A database technology.
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PHP3A (scripting) programming language, frequently used on web servers
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Perl3A (scripting) programming language, used for example by EPrints software
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Javascript3A scripting language which is commonly used in web browsers to enhance user experience
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Java1A programming language (that is partially compiled), used for example by DSpace.
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Bulk import3To simultaneously create a number of records in a system using data collected from elsewhere.
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Mirrors1WRT web servers - alternative servers providing the same pages / information, frequently provided for speed or bandwidth considerations.
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Root server1
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HTTP proxy1another computer which serves as a hub through which internet requests are processed.
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Git1source code management system for software development
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Widget3a small application with limited functionality that can be installed and executed within a web page by an end user (e.g. publicatiuon feed widget)
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API5,5"Application Programming Interface" - a publicised method allowing a computer program to interact with a separate computer program, e.g. a website
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Data Dumps2A collection of (usually related) data output from a system into one or more files to enable their use elsewhere.
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Crawler3An automated program designed to follow links in a website, e.g. in order to index the pages or harvest data from them.
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OAI-PMH4,5,4"Open Access Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting" - a standard way for repositories to present the metadata of their entries such that other software can access and understand that information.
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SWORD4,3"Simple Web-interface Offering Repository Deposit" - An automated interface on a repository which accepts data presented in a standardised format and uses it to create repository records.
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Text mining
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Plug-in
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crosswalk4fields mapping between two platforms, e.g. Symplectic and Eprints
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