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Original Appendix 1 from Russell, A.L. & Papaj, D.R. 2016. Artificial pollen dispensing flowers and feeders for bee behaviour experiments. Journal of Pollination Ecology. When referencing this work, please cite this original paper and this update.
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LAST UPDATED
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May 29th, 2018 uploaded
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
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This table is made possible by the efforts of ****, who contributed to the master list and provided observations not already published. The original work was supported by the University of Arizona Graduate and Professional Student Council and the National Science Foundation (IOS-1257762 to A.S. Leonard, S.L. Buchmann, and D.R. Papaj).
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Appendix 1. Mean weight of pollen offered per flower for entomophilous species. 45 families, 105 genera, and 164 species represented.
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TaxonPollen (mg) per flower or head*Reference(s)
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Actinidiaceae
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Actinidia deliciosa1.81-9.01Gonzalez et al. 1994
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Adoxaceae
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Sambucus nigra7Percival 1955
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Alismataceae
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Alisma plantago aquatica0.1Percival 1955
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Amaryllidaceae
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Allium porrum50Percival 1955
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Allium ursinum0.2Percival 1955
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Galanthus nivalis0.9Percival 1955
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Leucojum aestivum0.1Percival 1955
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Apiaceae
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Daucus carota0.026Bosch et al. 1997
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Foeniculum vulgare0.039Bosch et al. 1997
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Heracleum sphondylium0.081Percival 1950
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Petroselinum crispum0.5Percival 1955
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Aquifoliaceae
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Ilex aquifolium0.3Percival 1955
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Asparagaceae
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Hyacinthoides non-scripta0.8Percival 1955
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Scilla hispanica0.8Percival 1955
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Scilla siberica1.1Percival 1955
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Asteraceae
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Andryala integrifolia0.023Bosch et al. 1997
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Arctium vulgare2.2*Percival 1955
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Centaurea aspera0.17Bosch et al. 1997
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Centaurea montana4*Percival 1955
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Centaurea nigra2.4*Percival 1950
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Cirsium palustre1.2*Percival 1955
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Galactites tomentosa0.092Bosch et al. 1997
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Helianthus annuus26.6*Percival 1955
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Hypochaeris radicata0.6*Percival 1950
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Jacobaea vulgaris0.5*Percival 1955
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Ligularia clivorum0.426Wróblewska & Stawiarz 2012
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Ligularia przewalskii0.223Wróblewska & Stawiarz 2012
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Reichardia picroides0.107Bosch et al. 1997
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Sonchus oleraceus0.005Percival 1955
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Sonchus tenerrimus0.025Bosch et al. 1997
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Taraxacum officinale1.2*Percival 1955
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Tussilago farfara0.4*Percival 1955
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Balsaminaceae
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Impatiens roylei3.1Percival 1955
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Begoniaceae
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Begonia odorata0.18A. Russell unpubl. data
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Berberidaceae
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Berberis darzvinii0.4Percival 1955
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Boraginaceae
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Phacelia tanacetifolia0.3Percival 1955
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Symphytum officinale0.63Denisow 2008
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Brassicaceae
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Arabis albida0.4Percival 1955
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Aubrieta deltoidea0.5Percival 1955
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Brassica fruticulosa0.151Bosch et al. 1997
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Brassica napus0.88Kołtowski 2001
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Brassica oleracea1Percival 1955
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Cardamine pratensis0.2Percival 1955
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Cheiranthus x allionii1.2Percival 1955
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Erysimum cheiri2.4Percival 1955
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Lobularia maritima0.018Bosch et al. 1997
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Lunaria annua1.3Percival 1955
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Raphanus raphanistrum0.7Percival 1955
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Sinapis alba0.85Masierowska & Piętka 2014
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Sinapis arvensis0.5Percival 1955
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Cactaceae
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Carnegiea gigantea**286Schmidt & Buchmann 1986
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Caprifoliaceae
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Centratithus ruber0.1Percival 1955
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Scabiosa atropurpurea0.07Bosch et al. 1997
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Commelinaceae
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Tradescantia virginica1Percival 1955
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Calystegia sylvestris7.9Percival 1955
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Convolvulus minor1.3Percival 1955
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Crassulaceae