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(4) Innovation, technology and data - Stakeholders E-Consultation - Inputs High Level Dialogue on Energy (Responses)
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This file compiles inputs from from non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations, academic institutions, the scientific community, the private sector, philanthropic organizations, major groups and other stakeholders as contributions to the preparatory process for the United Nations High Level Dialogue on Energy on the theme: "INNOVATION, TECHNOLOGY AND DATA". The United Nations does not represent or endorse the accuracy or reliability of any advice, opinion, statement or other information provided through this e-consultation. Our office reserves the right to delete any content/input that is not aligned with the United Nations Charter and/or the principles and purposes of the United Nations High Level Dialogue on Energy.
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Name of OrganizationCountrySectorWhat are the three main challenges regarding the development and application of data; technology, innovation, research and capacity building in support of SDG7 and carbon neutrality?What are three concrete measures that should be taken by governments and stakeholders regarding the development and application of data; technology, innovation, research and capacity building in support of SDG7 and carbon neutrality? Please, share one example of a concrete action that can be replicated/scaled up regarding the development and application of data; technology, innovation, research and capacity building in support of SDG7 and carbon neutrality.
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Saudi Green Building ForumSaudi ArabiaNon-Governmental Organization1. Finance, investment on all innovation for new technologies.
2. Capacity building of the NGOs institutions with quality data collection for SDG 7.
3. Acceleration the contribution of combatting climate change.
1. Supporting, funding and scientific-policy based reporting to drive commitment to the achievement of SDG7.
2. Promote building back, green recovery and lesson learned from the COVID-19 pandemic through sustainable, decarbonise energy solutions.
3. Catalyse multi-stakeholder partnerships and voluntary commitments by all stakeholders, specially NGOs leverage interlinkage of other SDGs energy action.
Saudi Green Building Forum (SGBF) aims to strengthen its saaf certification to synergies replicated/scaled up regarding the development and application of data; technology, innovation, research and capacity building in support of interlinkage SDGs that reflect on SDG 7.

SGBF in Consultative Status with ECOSOC works with UN members, program and agencies to accelerate the delivery of support and services for UN member states on energy-related production/ consumption issues at all levels.

Example
"Catalysing science-based policy action on sustainable consumption and production: the value-chain approach and its application to food, construction and textiles"

LINK
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The Voluntary Team for Humanitarian Action Egypt Non-Governmental OrganizationFirstly, various facts have proven that innovation, as a major driving force for development, determines the speed, size, structure, quality and efficiency of sustainable development from the characteristics of development. Under the circumstances, the challenge here is that the use of natural resources is less, with the use of innovative elements increasingly.

The second is that the traditional pattern of development based on land, labor and capital cannot continue, as it should depend on innovation, especially technological innovation that is environmentally friendly, and take innovative development to achieve sustainable development and break the bottleneck in developing the economy and society, leading to an overflow. The middle income trap

The third is to increase the rate of labor productivity to develop the real economy through environmental innovation and creating new job opportunities
First, create a program to enhance the role of scientific research in improving the work environment
Secondly, developing the scientific research system, establishing an effective organizational structure for it, enhancing the capabilities of its employees, and linking scientific research with economic development

Third, spreading the culture of science and innovation
The program aims to maximize the role of scientific research in developing public facilities or environmental improvement, by implementing projects within the energy and water program, and increasing the international participation rate in research and patents.
An example that can be repeated .. Development of an existing project for us to extend homes and factories with electricity through a device for converting light waves into electricity. We demand the development and development of this research and experimental project as a model for converting light waves in the atmosphere into an electric spectrum.
They can be used in homes by developing cells that absorb these waves, similar to solar cells that absorb the sun's heat..and we have this innovation and it can be presented as a model for generating electricity at home from light waves, and we want to support this project financially so that it is available to everyone.
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Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)JapanPublic Interest Incorporated FoundationThe conventional model of technology transfer often focuses on the sale of finished products from developed country (source country) to developing country (recipient country). This conventional model risks undermining the dynamic learning process needed to adapt and create market share for low-carbon technologies in developing economies.

Conventional technology transfer overlooks multiple challenges when adapting technologies from a developed to a developing country. These are lack of continuous support, inadequate capacity for operations, and a poor fit with local conditions. The uptake of an alternative approach has become even more pressing as countries consider greening their COVID-19 recoveries.

Although inventor side concerns are important, they pale in comparison to the impediments developing countries face. These barriers include concerns that the technology transfer process has not supplemented the development of supportive “indigenous technologies.” These complementary technologies are often needed to support the adoption and operation of advanced leapfrogging technologies. A related set of challenges is that end product technologies may be ill-suited for local contexts. A final set of constraints involve the lack of technological know-how and capacity in manufacturing products and machinery in the developing countries.
There is a need to o build a more dynamic and sustainable model of technology collaboration - where technology donor (source) and recipient (host) countries can partner together from conceptualisation to production to scaling up. Co-innovation — a collaborative and iterative approach to jointly innovating, manufacturing and scaling up — can give impetus to technology collaboration between countries that have advanced technologies and those countries are in need of cleaner efficient and sustainable technologies.

Co-innovation offers access to advanced technology and manufacturing within the recipient country while helping the source country access to fast-growing market. Co-innovation can supplement the static, one-way, conventional technology transfer model and help enhance the speed and scope of technological collaboration between developed and developing economies.
While climate change is recognised as an immense challenge, co-innovation is still a relatively new area of research that can help meet this challenge. In shedding fresh light on this area, it is important to detail the institutional, policy, legal, and market frameworks that enable an advanced source country to collaborate with a developing recipient country. Strengthening interactions between governments and business can be both commercially and strategically valuable; it could also deepen and reveal often latent knowledge on what can make technology collaboration work in a developing country context.
One of the most illuminating example of co-innovation is the formation of Maruti Suzuki India Limited (MSIL), a joint venture created by the government of India and Japan's Suzuki Automotive manufacturer. MSIL, which occupies 53% market share in India, is known today for producing the most affordable passenger cars in low- to high-cost segments and has become the preferred brand among Indian vehicle manufacturers. By using the joint knowledge and technology from both India and Japan, MSIL has not only been successfully meeting the growing demands for private vehicles in India and many developing countries but also is expanding its technology and product offerings to meet new demands for compressed natural gas (CNG) powered, auto gear shifting vehicles and smart hybrid vehicles.
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Ente Vasco de la EnergíaEspañaOther stakeholders active in areas related to sustainable development1. More efficient and reliable clean energy technologies. This can be done through Research, Technological Development, and Innovation (RTDI) focused on buildings, industry, heating and cooling systems; SMEs and energy-related products and services; integration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and cooperation with the telecom sector.
2. Develop affordable, cost-effective, and resource-efficient technology solutions to decarbonize the energy supply system in a competitive and sustainable way.
3. In many instances, the technologies already exist but they need support to be implemented, to enter the market, and demonstrate their performance.
1. Smart specialization strategies, based on placing greater emphasis on innovation, and focusing scarce human and financial RTDI resources in a few globally competitive areas at a regional level.
2. Public support for clean energy RTDI, using different tools such as grants and subsidies, tax exemptions, clean energy public procurement, etc.
3. Promotion of research infrastructures, linking the different capacities and expertise at the local and regional level.
The RIS3 strategy for smart specialization in the Basque Country. It promotes nine (9) priority areas for research, technological, and industrial development in the energy field to improve the competitiveness of the network of companies, technology centers and Basque scientific actors.
More info: LINK 1, LINK 2
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ICLEI AfricaSouth AfricaNon-Governmental Organization1. The availability of data in Africa - the lack of data and means to collect data is a real challenge for policy makers, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa.
2. Weak partnerships between research institutions/think tanks/entrepreneurs and the public sector - there are generally no structures in place for researchers and the public sector to engage which is a challenge for developing and implementing innovative solutions.
3. Finance flows and government spending on R&D is particularly low in Africa, compared to the global average.
1. Local governments could lean on city networks, such as ICLEI Africa, to provide tools and support in data collection activities.
2. Local and national government should create the space for partnerships with research institutions/think tanks/entrepreneurs and enable growth in the R&D sector.
3. International funds and financiers should look to investing in R&D in Africa to support this sector.
ICLEI Africa, through the Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa, developed a proxy data tool that allows one to in a few minutes generate a GHG Inventory for a city/town. Tools such as these could be used to fast-track planning in African cities and overcome the barriers that currently exist with regard to lack of data, capacity and resources.
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HEED (Coventry University, PA, and Scene)United KingdomEducation & Academic EntitiesIn the context of displaced settings:
1.Lack of data on energy access: Improving data availability in displaced contexts is needed to enable energy innovations to become more sustainable by considering communities current and future energy needs. Systems installed in remote settings often lack robust communication infrastructure and reporting procedures, leading to poor quality due to communication failures, faulty readings, undocumented maintenance/modifications and power outages.

2. Limited access and space for energy innovations: displaced people often have restricted rights and access to energy services. Displaced settlements typically comprise informal roads/paths and densely populated areas, causes difficulties for deployment. Access to sites is carefully monitored, which can cause delays during the implementation and operational phases of projects, which reduces the utilisation, performance and financial viability of energy interventions. Gaining permissions and approvals can be a lengthy and arduous process for displaced communities, which inhibits self-governance, ownership and entrepreneurial growth.

3. Limited availability of modern and reliable components: reduced access to parts causes barriers for energy innovations and data gathering. A balanced approach is needed for using advanced modern components and market-established products and systems already within host communities.
1. Improve monitoring systems to support communities: sensor-based evidence driven knowledge is needed to inform maintenance and to better understand how communities use and engage with energy interventions. The introduction of sensor systems can distinguish between system outages, faults, maintenance and communications issues. Robust data monitoring, handling and analysis approaches are needed so that unexpected events can be taken into account.

2. Establish community energy demands prior to upscaling: to support energy innovations in this space, community use of and access to facilities and electronic devices in different displace settings needs to be known. This will enable trade-offs to be made for reliability (supply to meet demand), longevity of parts, component performance and energy costs. Innovations need to be flexible to be able to respond to fluid situations and changes in energy demands.

3.Implement training/skills development to future proof interventions: energy ‘Gatekeepers’ are needed who can work with communities to encourage engagement with new energy technologies, particular among marginalised group, and build capacity and capability of displaced people, as deploying energy interventions alone does not improve energy access. Local onsite ‘Energy apprentices’ are needed for simple repairs, fault reporting and maintenance. Energy needs to be framed as a service, to improve survivability and effective system utilisation.
Implement bottom-up, rather than top-down, design innovations: use inclusive approaches to involve displaced communities and other stakeholders in the design, implementation and data analysis of energy innovations. The HEED project installed 13 community co-designed solar systems across 4 displaced settlements (LINK). Within the first two years, there was no tampering or component theft, which is often cited as a major problem for humanitarian energy interventions. Communities reported a sense of ownership and responsibility for caring for the systems, which was attributed to the co-design process. Moreover, they used simple information technology to make decisions on how to best use the energy systems, improving system resilience and utilisation.
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BirdLife InternationalUnited KingdomNon-Governmental Organization1. Research into technologies and their impacts: Most research on the impacts of renewable energy (such as on biodiversity) has focused on specific technologies. Within wind energy there are new and emerging technologies, such as floating offshore turbines, which require greater scientific scrutiny. There is also an urgent need to explore the role that small-scale, decentralised and off-grid renewable energy solutions could play in achieving energy targets in an inclusive, just and nature-friendly manner.
2. Baseline data absence and availability: There is a general absence of robust and comprehensive baseline data in many countries to inform planning and potential impacts of energy transitions. In addition, where baseline and monitoring information is available, this may be not always be centralised, free or publicly available. Ultimately, robust strategic planning depends on the availability of good quality data across technical disciplines. We are already seeing the costs of inaction due to lack of awareness, or poor decision-making from inadequate information.
3. Global research and development: Renewable energy is expanding at pace around the world, yet the vast majority of research and development (e.g. technology innovation) has been development, conducted and applied in Europe and North America. These approaches may not always be the most appropriate in other regions and therefore, a greater focus is needed to ensure global representation, alignment and coordination.
1. Integrated policy mechanisms: Greater emphasis on how Parties can incorporate consideration of SDGs, climate change, renewable energy, biodiversity and related national priorities into national development/strategic plans, National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs), as well as their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.
2. Strategic planning: Applying tools such as Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEAs) and Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs), and a commitment to the mitigation hierarchy, considering direct, indirect, cumulative and transnational impacts across the entire lifecycle of developments. Also subsequent monitoring of impacts throughout the lifecycle of projects to inform activities and policy responses, as well as progress towards targets.
3. Multidisciplinary innovation: Multidisciplinary approaches and innovation that brings together experts in all aspects of energy transitions. Research is needed into novel and understudied technologies and collaboration, engagement and alignment with multi-stakeholder groups is required to ensure that new approaches are appropriate for (and do not impact) relevant settings, groups and receptors (e.g. biodiversity).
With careful, strategic and proactive planning, it is possible to meet renewable energy targets without adversely affecting biodiversity. Sensitivity mapping, a form of constraints mapping, can help identify areas to avoid siting developments, by mapping sensitive biodiversity features at the local, national and/or regional scale and inform early planning and site selection. These may form part of SEA’s or be standalone (i.e. in the absence of planning mechanisms). A Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) was developed in Kenya for Wind Energy and Biodiversity to facilitate nature-friendly national wind energy deployment (https://www.thebiodiversityconsultancy.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/Kenya-wind-SEA-v1-1.pdf). Similar initiatives are needed at the national and regional scales.
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Grameen ShaktiBangladeshNon-Governmental Organization1) Data insufficiency between solution disseminated and solution in use (e.g. no of ICS disseminated and no of ICS that are actually remained in use)
2) lack of funding for research and innovation
3) lack of capacity building activities
1. Building far reached data collection and archive tool capable of retrieving field level data
2. Arrange fund at institutional level (University) and Professional level (agency, corporation) for design, planning and implementation of appropriate technology for MRV
3. Capacity building training at national, regional and international level needs to be conducted for cross
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MOUSSTAKBALNEGOCEBurkina FasoBusiness & Industry- Cruel lack of professional and academic quality training, because most of the existing schools and institutions train professionals for offices, who are too much attached to theory than to practice.

- Real problem of acceptance of innovation and creativity, due to the mentalities of populations that are too stuck, uneducated and not sufficiently sensitized in the field, also due to lack of media communications (More precisely in the countries of French-speaking sub-Saharan Africa).

- Lack of financial, scientific and technical support for innovative projects of young people, due to the lack of adequate and well-equipped laboratories, as well as the lack of will of the scientific-technical actors operating in the sector, who do not support the innovative initiatives of young, usually out of contempt, superiority complexes, but also out of jealousy, or lack of consideration.
- Multiply competitions and challenges for energy innovations to stimulate the creativity of young people and popularize the knowledge of energies through training programs adapted to each type of individual.

- Set up and multiply support and monitoring environments and structures favorable to the experimentation of innovative ideas and technologies such as fablabs, start-up accelerators and incubators, and above all strengthen the equipment of research laboratories local

- Create and set up innovation funds to finance experiments and prototyping of innovative technology projects for young people
Reformulate and readjust professional and academic training towards more practice than theory, by integrating concepts of design-thinking, nature based solutions, and human center-design to stimulate creativity and innovation and a taste for experimentation and of applied research.
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Centro para la Autonomía y Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas Nicaragua Indigenous Peoples1. Access to technology and information
2. lack of recognition of the indigenous knowledge and capacities.
3. interlinking with other SDGs
1. Strong national strategy that include a strong participation of different stakeholders, including indigenous peoples, women and youth.
2. disaggregated data including indigenous peoples, in order to make the situation visible and define clear strategies for indigenous lands and territories.
3. definition of capacity building programs with the integrations of an intercultural approach.
Indigenous Peoples globally have been working collectively to build capacity in research, data collection and the definition of indicators to support the measurement and monitoring of processes and actions in their territories. There are a number of methodologies that have had good experiences, such as the Indigenous Navigator program that exists in Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Pacific. Likewise, there are experiences of community monitoring that also support the definition of policy actions such as CBMIS. Always betting on the holistic integration of processes, taking into account the interculturality of our countries. And an approach to advance all human groups.
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