Plums 2014
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Plum scion 2014Last updated March 5, 2014
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VarietyScion for FairTypeDescription
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Italian Pruneyeseuropean(aka Italian)Medium to large, oval, purplish black fruit. Juicy, greenish yellow, freestone flesh turns red when cooiked. Distinctie, rich, sweet flavor. Good for both canning and drying. Vigorous, cold-hardy tree. Early reliable producer. Sometimes overbears and needs to be thinned. Self-fruitful, but production impvoed with pollination from another European varitey. Excellent shipper. Ripens from August to September. 800 chill hours. Zones 4-9.Italian Prune: European. Medium to large, oval, purplish black fruit. Juicy, greenish yellow, freestone flesh turns red when cooiked. Distinctie, rich, sweet flavor. Good for both canning and drying. Vigorous. Earlyreliable producer. Sometimes overbears and needs to be thinned. Self-fruitful, but production impvoed with pollination from another
European variety.
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Althanian GageyesAlthanian Gage
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BrooksyeseuropeanLarge, purplish black fruit with sweet, yellow flesh. Freestone. Excellent for eating, canning and drying. Self-pollinating according to one source. Another recommends pollinating with Green Gage, Italian or Peach Plum. Originated in Oregon, 1946.Brooks: European. Originated in Oregon, 1946. Large, purplish black fruit with sweet, yellow flesh. Freestone. Excellent for eating, canning and drying. Self-pollinating according to one source. Another recommends pollinating with Green Gage, Italian or Peach Plum.
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Date PlumyesDate plum
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Green Gageyeseuropean(aka Reine Claude Green Gage, Reine Claude) Famous "REine Claude" named after the wife of Francis I of France. Imported into England in the 18th Century by Sir Thomas Gage, who provided its English name. An American favorite since the time of Jefferson. Small to medium, oval, yellowish green fruit. Juicy, smooth textured, amber freestone flesh. Rich, confectionary flavor. considered the ideal dessert plum in Europe. Also good cooked, canned, or preserved. Typically a rather small, low-branched, round-headed tree with attractive blossoms and deep green foliage. Productive. self-fertile. Susceptible to brown rot. 400-800 chill hours. Hardy to central Iowa. Zones 5-9.Green Gage: An American favorite since the time of Jefferson. Small to medium, oval, yellowish green fruit. Juicy, smooth textured, amber freestone flesh. Rich, confectionary flavor. considered the ideal dessert plum in Europe. Also good cooked, canned, or preserved.
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Imperial EpineuseyesImperial Epineuse
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MethleyyesMethley: A cross of a Japanese plum and a Myrobalan plum. Nearly round purple-red fruit. Very
juicy and sweet, though with astringent skin. Self-fruitful. Has good resistance to diseases and pests.
Methley: A cross of a Japanese plum and a Myrobalan plum. Nearly round purple-red fruit. Very juicy and sweet, though with astringent skin. Self-fruitful. Has good resistance to diseases and pests.
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Middleburgyeseuropean juicy and sweet, though with astringent skin. Self-fruitful. Has good resistance to diseases and pests.
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Miller SweetyesMiller Early Sweet: Developed by Frank Miller, Junction City, Oregon and introduced in 1934. Open pollinated seedling of Italian. Skin: Purplish-black. Flesh: Greenish-yellow. Freestone, Flesh is low-acid and very sweet. Excellent dried prune. Early ripening for an Italian type prune.
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Moyer Pruneyeseuropean(aka Moyer) Similar to the ItalianPrune, but can grow to three times the size. Excellent fresh or dry. Slight tendence to biennial bearing. Ripens in mid-September. Hardy to Zone 4. Originated in Douglas County, Oregon.Moyer: European. Developed by C.E. MoyerMoyer Nurseries, Winston, Oregon and introduced in 1927. Blue skin. Flesh: Yellow. Ripe: Late. Large fruit. The thick skin is blue with a heavy white bloom. The yellow flesh is juicy, firm, a little coarse and of good quality. Semi-clingstone. A good variety for making prunes. Ripens the last of September in Corvallis.

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OscaryeseuropeanItalian prune plum. Local Corvallis strain. Flavor resembles Brook, but less productive.Oscar: European. Italian prune plum. Local Corvallis strain. Flavor resembles Brooks, but less productive.
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Oullinsyeseuropean(aka Reine Claude d'Oullins) One of the largest and most attractive of the Gage types. Almost cylindrical, green fruit turns greenish white and pale gold with a fine white blush when mature. Clear, greenish yellow flesh is sweet, tender and succulent. Exceptional quality. Hangs on a long stem. Self-fertile. Moderately vigorous tree tends toward biennial bearing when left unthinned. Susceptible to brown rot. Ripens in mid-August. Hardy to Zone 4. French origin, 1846.Ouliins: European. (aka Reine Claude d'Oullins) One of the largest and most attractive of the Gage types. Almost cylindrical, green fruit turns greenish white andpale gold with a fine white blush when mature. Clear, greenish yellowflesh is sweet, tender and succulent. Exceptional quality. Self-fertile.
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ParsonsyesParson's Prune. Originated and introduced by Peter R. Parson, Forest Grove, Oregon in 1947. Skin: Blue-purple, Flesh: Greenish-yellow, Ripe: Early. Freestone. Fruit resembles Italian and has high sugar content and ripens earlier than Italian.

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Peach PumyesLarge, round, brownish or purplish red fruit. Juicy, yellow flesh with good flavor. Excellent for fresh eating or canning. Partially self-fertile. Pollinate with Brooks, Green Gage or Italian. Ripens early to midseason. Zone 5.Peach plum: Large, round, brownish or purplish red fruit. Juicy, yellow flesh with good flavor. Excellent for fresh eating or canning. Partially self-fertile. Pollinate with Brooks, Green Gage or Italian. Ripens early to midseason. Zone 5.
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PetiteyesNo reference.Petite (aka French Petite): European. Skin: Purple, Flesh: Greenish-yellow. Ripe: Late. Semifreestone. Very good for drying and also good for fresh use and processing. It is a productive and reliable producer. Self-fertile.
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PipestoneyesPipestone: Vigorous, productive tree has immense fruit with a tough, red skin
blushed with gold that peels easily and that is sweet and juicy. Excellent for fresh eating, and in jams and jellies.
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Red ReushyesRed Reush
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SatsumayesSatsuma: Japanese. Skin: Dull red, Flesh: Dark purplish-red, Semi-clingstone, Fruit Size: Large. Introduced in 1889 by Luther Burbank. Originally called “Blood Plum of Satsuma” this plum belongs to the red fleshed group of Japanese plums.The flesh is deep red in color and very firm and juicy. One of the best plums of its class for either fresh use or processing. Bears heavier crops as the tree becomes older.
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ShiroyesasianMedium to large, round, yellow fruit with a pink blush. Juicy, translucent yellow, clingstone flesh. Mild, sweet flavor. Excellent fo fresh eating, cooking, canning preserves and dessert. Spreading tree. May need thinning to attain good size. constsitne bearer. Excellent pollinator for early Japanese varieties. Pollinate with Early Golden, Methley, Ozark premier, Redheart, Santa Rosa or Satsuma. Thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. fine shipper. Ripens midesason in early August. 150-500 chill hours. Zones 5-9. Originated in California in 1899.Shiro: Japanese. Round, large, yellow fruit with a pink blush. Nicely colored, attractive fruit with tender, melting and juicy flesh. Excellent for fresh eating, cooking, canning preserves and dessert. Excellent pollinator for early Japanese varieties.
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SenecayeseuropeanItalian Prune x Prinlew. Large, reddish blue fruit. Crisp yellow, freestone flesh. Very sweet. High dessert qulity. Good for fresh eating, canning or drying. Vigorous upright tree. Regular bearer. Resistant to brown rot and gum pockets. Crack resistant. Requires Italian for pollination. Ripens from early to mid-September. 800 chill hours. Zones 4-9. Developed by the new York State AES in Geneva, 1972.Seneca: Large, reddish blue fruit. Crisp yellow, freestone flesh. Very sweet.
High dessert qulity. Good for fresh eating, canning or drying. Vigorous
upright tree. Regular bearer.
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StanleyyeseuropeanAgen x Grand Duke. Medium to large, oval, dark blue fruit with a thick bloom. Firm, tender, fine graned, yellowish green, freestone flesh. Sweet, rich flavor. Excellent for fresh eating, canning, preserves and drying. Flesh turns purplish red when canned. Large, annual producer. Self-fertile but yields more heavily when pollinated with another variety. Most widely planted European plum in the East, Midwest and South. ripens early September. 800-900 chillhours. Zones 4-9Stanley. European. Medium to large, oval, dark blue fruit with a thick bloom. Firm, tender, fine grianed, yellowish green, freestone flesh. Sweet, rich flavor. Excellent for fresh eating, canning, preserves and drying. Flesh turns purplish red when canned. Large, annual producer. Self-fertile but yields more heavily when pollinated with another variety.
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ValoryeseuropeanImperial Epineuse x Grand Duke. European prune plum. Larger fruit than Italian Prune. Dark purple skin with some speckling. Greenish yellow, freestone flesh. Excellent eating quality. Vigorous, productive tree is self-fertile. ripens midseason just after Italian Prune. Introduced in 1967.Valor: European. A cross of Imperial Epineuse and Grand Duke. Attractive dark purple fruit has scattered dots. Flesh is greenish-gold. Superb flavor. Semi-freestone. Ripens about with Italian. Productive tree.
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Au RoadsidezAu Roadside
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BurbankzasianLarge, purplish red fruit. Sweet, meaty, amber-yellow. clingstone flesh. Excellent flavor. Beste when picked before fully ripe. Excellent for eating fresh and canning. Low growing, flat topped, somewhat drooping tree. Bears early and sets heavily. Widely adapted. Good for commercial production and shipping. Riopens in early August in Michigan, mid-July in the West and South. 400 chill hours. Zones 5-9. Developed by Luther Burbank of Santa Rosa, California.Burbank: Asian. Large, purplish red fruit. Sweet, meaty, amber-yellow. clingstone flesh. Excellent flavor. Best when picked before fully ripe. Excellent for eating fresh and canning. Bears early and sets heavily. Developed by LutherBurbank of Santa Rosa, California.
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Cambridge GagezeuropeanSeedling of Green Gage thought to have originated in Cambridge, England. Similar to Green Gage, but more yellow and not quite as rich in flavor. Consistent bearer. Partially self-fertile. Ripens late August.Cambridge Gage: European. Dense and firm flesh with that rich gage flavor. When they are full ripe or possibly over ripe the skins starts turning a yellow color and they are incredibility sweet, very juicy and will melt in yourmouth. Of coarse, they will not ship at this stage. Partly self-fertile but better crops if it is grown with another Gage plum. A more reliable producer than most greengages although it can still be a shy cropper some years.
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PresidentzLatest maturing of the European plums. Large, round to oblong, blue-black fruit. Fine textured, yellow, freestone flesh. Good commercial variety. Vigorous, upright tree. Heavy producer. Pollinate with other Europeans like Bluefree, Empress, Peach Plum and Stanley. Keeps and ships well. Ripens fromearly to mid-September. Zones 5-8.President: European. Skin: Blue-black, Flesh: Greenish-yellow. Freestone. The large fruit are oval in shape with blue-black skin that is almost black. The greenish-yellow flesh is sweet, rich, fine textured and good.Freestone. Latest ripening of the commonly available European plums. Good for processing as it keeps well. Heavy producer. Needs cross pollination from another Domestica plum such as Stanley. Resistance to bacterial canker.
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Santa RosazasianVery large, round to round oval, purplish red fruit covered with light dots and a thin bloom. Fragrant, fine textured, clingstone flesh, purplish near the skin, yellow streaked pink near the pit. Highest quality. Excellent fresh or canned. large, vigorous, fast growing tree. Prolific, annual bearer in the West, but shy under Eastern conditions. Partially self-fertile, but production improves when planted with other Japanese varieties. Susceptible to bacterial spot. Keeps and ships well. Ripens mid season. 300-500 chill hours. Zones 5-9. Developed by Luther Burbank of Santa Rosa, California.Santa Rosa. Japanese. Developed by Luther Burbank. Very large, round to round oval, purplish red fruit covered with light dots and a thin bloom. Fragrant, fine textured, clingstone flesh, purplish near the skin, yellow streaked pink near the pit. Highest quality. Excellent fresh or canned. Large, vigorous, fast growing tree. Prolific, annual bearer in the West. Partially self-fertile, but production improves when planted with other Japanese varieties.
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UnderwoodzUnderwood: Japanese hybrid. Nearly round red fruit have smooth, satin-like skin. Skin is astringent. Flesh is tender, juicy, melting and sweet. Quality is good for fresh use, jam and fair for jelly. The fruit store well. Vigorous tree is long-lived.
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Bulls PlumcotzeuropeanNo reference.
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Cherry PlumzNo reference.
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Count Althan's GagezDark crimson-purple plum shaded with brown and covered with a bluish bloom. Sweet, juicy, rich golden flesh. Raised by the gardener of Count Althann in Swoyschitz, Bohemia. Dates to 1867.Count Althan's Gage: European. Developed in Czechoslovakia about 1850 and named after Count Althann. A Reine Claude plum. The medium-sized red fruit have a heavy grayish white bloom. The greenish-yellow flesh is rich, very sweet and of good. Clingstone.
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DamsonzeuropeanSmall to medium, oval,bluish purple fruit. Tart, juicy, golden yellow flesh. Excellent for home canning. Vigorous, self-fertile tree. Heavy crops. Used commercially in some part of the U.S. Ripens from August to earlyh September. Zones 5-7.
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DelightzNo reference.
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Early LaxtonzTasty. Bright pink-orange fruit dotted with rose and violet. Juicy, sweet, freeston flesh, high in vitamin C. Refreshing flavor. Partially self-fertile. Very heavy bearer. Must be thinned or the branches will be weited down with fruit which grows in slusters like grapes. Ripens in mid-July. Introduced by the Laxton Nursery in 1916.
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Geneva MirabellezeuropeanParentage unknown. Mirabella type. Small, yellow freestone. Very desirable for jams & preserves. Hangs well. Ripens late August. Tree is more productive than American Mirabelle. Trademarked. Plant Patent Applied For.
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JeffersonzLarge, golden yellow fruit with a beautiful pinkish red cheek and a thin, white bloom. Juicy, meaty, deep orange flesh. Rich, delicious flavor. 300-400 chill hours. Raised from a seed by Judge Buel of Albany, New York. Introduced in 1825.
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Laxton's Blue TitzNo reference.
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Long JohnzeuropeanNamed after the late John Watson, Geneva plum breeder. Large, long, teardrop-shaped, blue fruit. Amber flesh. Freestone. Iroquois type. Uprigth, spreading tree with somewhat willowy growth. Crops early. Self-thinning. Somewhat self-fertile; benefits from pollinationfrom another prune plum. From the New York State fruit testing program.
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McLaughlinzFlattened, round, yellow fruit marbeld with tints of white, gold and crimson, and overspread with a thick bloom. Rich, delicate flavor. Ripens in late August. Raised bya man named McLaughlin in Bangor, Maine. Introduced in 1840. Has been given first rang as a garden plum by virtually every pomologist since then.
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Mirabelle de MetzzeuropeanVery old French cultivar. Yellow skin with red dots. Small stone. Excellent sweet flavor. Abundant production. Ripens late summer. Requires a pollinator. Metz is a city in Northeastern France.
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PlumcotzNo reference.
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Saint CatherinezeuropeanPale yellow, dessert prune-plum with gray bloom. Rich, sprightly flavor. Vigorous tree bears abundant crops regularly. Ripens late. From France prior to 1800.
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Shropshire DamsonzeuropeanAn improved Blue Damson, larger than the old type. Small to medium, oval, dark pruple, clingstone fruits grow in clusters. Favorite for home use, especially preserves. Growing in demand commercially as well. Vigorous, hardy tree. Early bearer. Late bloomer. Consistently heavy producer. Self-fruitful. Ripens in late August. Hardy to Zone 4.
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Zees Blue GiantzeuropeanReference, no info.
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Plums. Last updated March 5, 2014
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