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Common nameAlternative name(s)Botanical nameHindi SinhalaVietnameseThaiLaoChineseMalayJapanBengaliburmeseIndokoreaReferenced?
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TraditionalRomanTraditionalRoman
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Amaranth/Chinese SpinachRed spinach; Rau Den; Chinese spinach; Amaranthus dubiusChauli莧菜Hon-toi-moi; Yin choy; Hsien tsaiNoté shaaky
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AniseSweet cumin; Aniseed
Pimpinella anisum
छोटी सौंफ़; पतली सौंफ़; सौंफ़; सौंफ; विलायती सौंफ़Saunf; Saunf; Choti; Saunf; Patli; Saunf; Vilaiti; Chakra; PhoolCây hồi; Tiểu hồiThian sattapusyat大茴香; 洋茴香daaih wùih hēung; yèuhng wùih hēungAnisuJinten manisAnisu; Enisiduy
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Apple GourdIndian Round GourdPraecitrullus fistulosus; Citrullus fistulosusTinda (Dilpasand in Hyderabad; Andhra Pradesh)y
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Asafoetidadevil's dung; stinking gum; asant; food of the gods; KaayamFerula assafoetidaहींगHingA nguỳMahahingathMa ha hing阿魏 a wèiAgi; Asafetida; HinHingSheinghoy
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Ash gourdwinter melon; white gourd; wax gourdBenincasa hispidaपेठा Petha; Raksahawa KomhadaPuhulbí đaoFakfak 冬瓜 dōngguākundurtōganChaal Kumrokyauk pha-yon theebeligoy
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Aubergine (an abundance of cultivars)eggplant; brinjalSolanum melongenaबैंगनBaingan; Bhata; Bhanta; BrinjalWambatuMakheua; makheua praw; makheua yaoBeguny
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bamboo shootsBambusa vulgaris; Phyllostachys edulisबांस की शूटिंगBānsa kī śūṭiṅgamăngNor mai竹筍zhú sǔnrebungjuk sun; daenamu ssaky
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bananacultivars of Musa sapientumकेलाKēlāGluayy
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banana flowerकेले के फूलKēlē kē phūlaHua bleey
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barbecue porkred pork; cha siuबारबेक्यू सूअर का मांसBārabēkyū sū'ara kā mānsaMoo dangy
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Basil Thai Sweet; Thai Purple BasilOcimum basilicumHung QueHorapay
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Basil; Thai Lemon; Hoary basil;Ocimum citriodorumManglaky
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Basil; Thai Sacred; Thai Holy basil; Hot basilOcimum sanctumTulsi; TulasiKraphaoy
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Basil; Tree basil.Tree basilOcimum gratissimumy
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bay leafBai gra-waany
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bean sproutsअंकुरित फलियांAṅkurita phaliyāṁTuwa gnogy
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bitter melon bitter gourdMomordica charantiaकरेलाKarelaKarawilaMara; mara-jiin苦瓜kǔguā; balsam peargoyaKorola/Uchchhey (Smaller variety)y
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Black Cardamom; Nepal cardamom; Greater Indian cardamomAmomum subulatum; Amomum costatumकाले इलायची; बड़ी इलायची; बिग इलायची; काली इलायची; डोडाElaichi; Barithảo quảKa van草果; 香豆蔻 cǎoguǒ; xiāng dòu kòuSōkaBoro elachChogway
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Black Cumin. fennel flower; nutmeg flower; Roman coriander; blackseed; black caraway; or black onion seed(ii) Nigella sativaकलौंजी; कलोंजीKalonjikalo jira*; kalo jeera*; kali jeera*y
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Black Cumin. (i) Bunium persicumकाला जीराJeera; Shahi; jeera; kalaBurakku-kuminy
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Black Lentil (whole)/White Lentil (dehusked)urad dal; udad dal; urd bean; urd; urid; black matpe bean; black gram; black lentilVigna mungoउड़दUradUnduđậu đenKolaai Daal/Biulir Daaly
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Black Mustard seedsBrown mustard seed; Indian mustardBrassica nigraकाली राई; काली सरसों; लाल सरसों; राई; सरसोंKali rai; Kali sarson; Lal sarson; Rai; SarsonAbaHắc giới; Cải đenMastartd芥菜 ; 黑芥籽jiè cài; hēi jiè zǐBiji sawiKuro-garashi; Burakku-masutadoKalo sorse; Rai sorse; SorsaHukkyeoja; Hukkyoja; Meosutadu; Mosutadu; Kas; Gas; Yanggyeojay
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Black Pepper; Black peppercornPiper nigrumकाली मिर्चKali mirch; Goal Mirch; KaliGammirisPhrig thai胡椒 hú jiāoGol Morich; y
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Black Rock saltMany warnings against it's ingestion. Fluoride poisoning +++काले सेंधा नमकKala Namaky
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Black-eyed peablack-eyed bean; ChawaLie; LobiaVigna unguiculata unguiculataLobiaLubyay
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Bottle Gourd/CalabashDiya labuLauy
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CabbageBrassica oleracea Linne capita (many cultivars)गोभीPatta Gobhi; Band GobhiGovaPhak ka-lam; ka-lam pliiBa(n)dhakopiy
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CalabashBottle GourdLagenaria vulgarisलौकीLouki; Dudhi; Ghiya; Lauaay
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Candlenut石栗果shi2 li4 guo3buah kerasy
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CapsicumBell PepperCapsicum annum; C. chinense; C. frutescens; C. baccatum; C. pubescensशिमला मिर्चShimla MirchMalu Miris柿子椒shìzǐjiāoCapsicumpimang (green); paprika (other colours)y
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Caraway SeedsMeridian Fennel; Persian CuminCarum carviजीरा बीज; विलायती जीराJīrā bīja; vilayati jeeraCa rumHom pom; Tian takap葛縷子 gé lǚ zǐHimeuikyō; Himeuikyo; KyaraweiZiyaKaereowei; Kaeroweiy
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CardamomWhite CardamomElettaria cardamomumइलायचीIlāyacīEnasal; EnsalTrúc sa; Bạch đậu khấu; Mè trè; Sẹ; Sa nhânLuke krawan; Luk krava; Krawan khaao; Krawan-thet; Pla ko; Kravan; Grawan; Rewa; Hamakaenang; Rewa-hayiy (Amomum xanthioides)Hmak Hneng白豆蔻 ; 小豆蔻 ; 小荳寇 ; 豆蔻 ; 小荳蔻 bái dòu kòu; xiǎo dòu kòu; xiǎo dòu kòu; dòu kòu; xiǎo dòu kòuKa tepus (Amomum krervanh); Kepulaga; Buah pelaga; Pelaga; Puar (Amomum kepulaga); Tepus batu (Amomum ochreum)Karudamon; Shōzuku; ShozukuElach; Choto elach; ElaPhalazee; Bala; Pala; PanlatKapulaga; Kepillaga (Amomum kepulaga)Kadamom; Kadomom; Sodugu; Paektugu; Baegdugu (Amomum krervanh)y
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Cardamom; GreenAmomum cardamomumछोटी इलायची; हरी इलायची; इलायचीChoti ilaichi; Hari ilaichi; Elaichi; IlaichiEnasal; Ensaly
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Carom seed. mistakenly as "bishop's weed".Trachyspermum copticumअजवायनAjwainasamodagam香著辣椒xiang zhu la jiaojowany
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CarrotDaucus carota sativusगाजरGaajarCarrotGajory
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cashewAnacardium occidentaleकाजूKājūkadjuhạt điềuMa mouang him ma pancajueiro; cajuilcasho; cashu; castaña de cajú; gajuskajujocote de marañón; kacang mede; kacang metey
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Cassia. Substitution: Cinnamon (i)Vietnamese cinnamon (contains a little toxic coumarin)Cinnamomum aromaticumदालचीनीDalchini; Junglikurundu 肉桂tung hing; ròu gùidarchiniy
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Cassia. Substitution: Cinnamon (ii)Indonesian Cinnamon; Padang Cassia; or KorintjeCinnamomum burmanniiy
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catfishPla dooky
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CauliflowerBrassica oleraceaफूलगोभीGobhi (Phool Gobhi)Mal GovaPawk ka-lamPhoolkopiy
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Celery celeriacApium graveolensअजवाइनAmjudMirisKancha Lonka; Shukno Lonka/Laal Lonkay
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chilliechilli pepper;  chilli;  chillie;  chili; and chillieGenus: capsicum annum. Family: Solanaceaeमिर्चLal mirch; Hari mirchPrigy
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Chinese broccoliBrassica oleraceacải làn; cải rổPhak khana芥蘭 gàilán; jièlány
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Chinese Celerykhan choyy
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Chinese chive flowersAllium schoenoprasum LDok Gui Chai韭菜 ; 蝦夷蔥 ; 細香蔥 jiǔ cài; xiā yí cōng; xì xiāng cōngKucaiAsatuki; Chaibu; EzonegiPianj koliy
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Chinese chives - greenGui Chaiy
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Chinese egg noodles; fresh Bameey
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Chinese five-spicePah-lo powdery
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Chinese mustard cabbagePak guang tongy
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Chinese olivesNam Leaby
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Chinese water spinachPak boongy
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Cilantro Fresh Coriander; Chinese parsleyCoriandrum sativumधनियाDhania; Hara PattaPak cheey
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cilantro rootधनिया जड़Dhaniyā jaṛaRaag pak cheey
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Cilantro; CorianderChinese parsleyCoriandrum sativumधनियाDhaniaDhoneyy
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Cinnamon (stick and powder)Cinnamomum verumदालचीनीDalchiniOb cheuy桂皮gui4 pi2kayu manis; cassia veray
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Citric Acid(8% in lemons and limes)Nimboo Phooly
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clamKingdom: Animalia; Phylum: Mollusca; Class: BivalviaHoiy
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clear noodles(mung bean paste):mung bean vermicelli; cellophane noodles; glass noodles; bean thread noodles. Woon seny
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ClovesSyzygium aromaticumलौंगLaungkarabu natiđinh hưongGaan plu丁香 dīng xiāngkurobulabangoCéngké; Cengkehchong-hyang
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Cluster BeansCyamopsis tetragonolobusGawar-phaliBorbotiy
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Cock's comb. feathery amaranth (food dye)Celosia Cristata; Celosia argenteaMaval petalsy
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coconut milkGa-tiy
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cooked riceKhao
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Coriander; dried seedscoriander (seeds)Coriandrum sativumDhania芫荽米yuan2 sui1 mi3y
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Coriander; (leaves and dried leaves)coriander leaves; cilantro; culantroCoriandrum sativumधनियाDhania; Sukha Pattay
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CucumberCucumis sp.KheeraPipigngnaTanguaShoshay
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Cumin (seed)Cuminum cyminumजीरा; सफेद जीराJira; Jeera; Saphed jiraDuru; SuduruThì là ai cậpThian-khao; Yee raaThien khaw枯茗 ; 小茴香; 孜然kū míng; xiǎo huí xiāng; zī rànJintan; Jintan putih; Jintan putehKumin; UmazeriJeereyJinten; Jinten putihKeomin; Komin; Kuminy
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Curry LeafSweet Neem leavesMurraya koenigiiकरीपत्ता; मीथ णीम; मीथ नीम पत्ताKaripatta; Mitha nim; Mitha neem pattaKarapincha; kurunduCari; Lá cà ri; Cơm nguội; Ngệt quới koenigBai karee; Hom khaek; Samat; Som; Mo noiKhi be; Dok kibi调料九里香 diào liào jiǔ lǐ xiāngDaun kari pla; Karupillam; Garupillai; Karwa pale; KerupulaiKare-rihu; Nanyozansiyo; NanyozansiyoKaari Paata; BarsungaPindosin; Pyim daw thein; Kyaung-thwedaun kariKeori; Kori; Keori ripuy
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curry pasteMasalaPrig gangy
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curry paste-greenPrig gang kew wany
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curry paste-masamanPrig gang masamany
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curry paste-redPrig gang pedy
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curry paste-yellowPrig gang leungy
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curry powderMasalaPong gariy
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daikonRaphanus sativus var. longipinnatusHoa chai touy
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DillLao coriander; Lao cilantroAnethum graveolensसोआSoaThì làPhak Chee LaoPhak Seey
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DrumstickMoringa oleiferaसहजनSaijan; SahjanMurungaMa rumKalorShojne Da(n)taDandalunKelory
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DurianMalvaceae family; genus Durio. Many species and hundreds of cultivarsTuriany
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Emblica. Indian Gooseberry.Amlay
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Fennel seedFoeniculum vulgareबड़ी सौंफ़; मोटी सौंफ़; सौंफ़; सौंफBadi saunf; Bari saunf; Moti saunf; Saunf; Saumph茴香 ;  甜茴香;  小茴香Huí xiāng; tián huí xiāng;  xiǎo huí xiāngbarishapMouri; Mauriy
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Fenugreek leaves; fresh Trigonella foenum-graecumमेथी पत्तेMethi; HariUluhaalMethiy
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Fenugreek seedTrigonella foenum-graecumमेथी बीजMaithray; MethiUluhaalCỏ ca ri; Hồ lô baLuk sat葫蘆巴hú lú bāhalbaKoruha; Fenu-gurikuMethiPenantaziKelabet; Klabat; KelabatHoropa; Peniguriky
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Fenugreek; dried leavesTrigonella foenum-graecumMethi; Kasoori; kasturi methiy
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Finger RootChinese keys; Lesser GingerBoesenbergia rotundaYai-machaBồng nga truật; Cú ngáiKa-aen; Wan-phraathit; Khingsai khingkaeng; Ka chai; Kra chaiHouo ka sai; Kasay; Neng Kieng凹脣薑 āo chún jiāng; Suo ShiGajutuTemu kunciPinggeo-rutu; Pinngo-rutuy
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fish pastePla kuud; Pla raPadaekNgapiy
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fish saucenước mắmNam pla魚露yu luIshiru; Shottsuru; Ikanago shoyungan byar yayaek jeot
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flat rice noodles; fresh Kuay tiaow - sen yaiy
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Galangal; LesserAlpinia officinarum
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Garbanzo BeansChick Pea; Bengal GramCicer arietinumChole (Desi Chana; Kabuli Chana)KadalaChhola/Kabli chholay
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GarlicStinking Rose;Allium sativumलहसुन; लहसनLahsun; LahsanSudu LuunuCây tỏi; TỏiGratiem Van mahakan; Phak thiem大蒜da suanBawang putihNinniku; GarikkuRoshunChyet-thon-phew; KesumphiuBawang putih; KesunaKallik; Manuly
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GingerGinger root;Zingiber officinaleअदरख; सोंठ; सौंठAdrak; Adrakh (fresh); Sonth; Saunth (dried)InguruKing薑; 生薑 Jiāng; Shēng jiāngShōga; Shoga; Jinja; Myōga; Myoga (Zingiber mioga)AdaJahé; Aliah; Jae; LiaKon-gang; Geon-gang; Jinjeo; Chinjo; Saenggangy
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Gram flourChickpea flour; garbanzo flour; besanCicer arietinumBesanKadala PitiBashony
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Greater GalangalThai galangal; Blue ginger; Thai ginger; Siamese ginger; GalangaleAlpinia galangaRiềng; Riềng nếp; Sơn nại; Cao lương khương; Cao khương hương; Một loại gừngDok kha; Ginza; Khaa; Khaa-lingLaosy
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Green Chillie; fresh Genus: Capsicum Family: Solanaceaeहरी मिर्च; लाल मिर्चMirch; Hari mirch (green)Rathu miris; MirisPrik chifa; Prik khee nu; Prik haeng pallek; Pisi hui辣椒 La JiaoLombok; Cabé; CabeKochu; Gochu; Kaien gochuy
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green onionSpring Onion;  salad onion; scallionAllium wakegiप्याज; प्याज़; गण्डाPyaj; Piyaj; Pyaz; Piyaz; Gandha蔥頭 ; 洋蔥 cōng tóu; yáng cōngTamanegi; Wakegi; OnionBawang merah; Bawang daun; Daun bawang (green leaf)Eonieon; Onieon; Yangpa
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green papayaMalagaw dib
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Green peppercornGoal Mirch; Pilli
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hulled mung beansTuwa kiow lob bluok
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