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193911NC JukeboxWelcome to our timeline relating to the Frank Clyde Brown Collection of NC Singers and Songs. We have spent the past semester working closely with artists and songs found within this Duke University collection to learn more about the history and culture associated with the folk genre. Please enjoy meandering through our final project to engage more deeply with folk music and folk artists found within North Carolina! http://dukeiss.org/fcb/brown/fbrownonporch.jpgFCB - Duke UniversityFCB records a singer in Western NC.titlehttp://www.dukeiss.org/fcb/western-nc.jpg
1939129Will Shorty Love Sings Oh Lord Searched my LoveLove was a janitor at Duke University as well as an important collaborator for FCB. <br><br> <audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/kiosk/love/17OhLordSearchedMyLove.mp3" controls="controls">
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http://dukeiss.org/fcb/kiosk/love/2016062495180912.jpgCourtesy of Love Family family member Clarice ThorpeWill Shorty Love seated on a chair at his home in Walltown, Durham, NC.#FCFBE3
1939810Erleen and Truman Church Collaborate in Folk Music RecordingsThe Church family recorded popular folk music ballads while living in Elk Park, North Carolina. This couple, who worked tirelessly on their farm to make a living for themselves, thoroughly enjoyed singing duets in their rendition of folk music recordings. The Frank Clyde Brown Collection also includes entries from family members such as Mr. and Mrs. Minnie Church and Mr. and Mrs. Vana Trivett. <br><br> <audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/BlackJackDavy(GypsieLaddie).mp3" controls="controls">
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https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/find-a-grave-prod/photos/2010/109/36146305_127177360370.jpgCourtesy of Bianca StoutErleen and Truman Church pose for a photo in Elk Park, North Carolina.http://malawibusinessnews.files.wordpress.com/2012/06/tobacco_farm_1.jpg
19399amThomas Francis Leary-sea shantiesLeary was a graduate student at Duke University from 1939-1940, where he was recorded by Frank Clyde Brown. Originally from Northampton, Ma, Leary, Leary is different from other recorded artists, because he mosly sang sea shanties, as opposed to Appalachian folk tunes. <br><br><audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/leary/Drunkensailor.mp3" controls="controls">
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http://i66.tinypic.com/qq26w5.jpgCourtesy of the Frank Clyde Brown CollectionThomas Leary sings the shanty "Drunken Sailor" for Frank Clyde Brown on August 24th, 1939.
193910am1939,11 amThomas Leary vs Alan LomaxIt was very interesting in fact to see that his songs made it into the final version of the Frank C. Brown Collection, and gives an insight into the open mindedness of the collecting for this project. Alan Lomax, another folk collector recorded an old ship captain, Richard Maitland singing the same song in May of 1939, in Staten Island, NY. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/media/loc.afc.afc9999005.8665/0193.tif/1491American Folklife Center, Library of Congress. Contributor Names
Lomax, Alan -- 1915-2002 (recordist)
Maitland, Richard (singer)
sound recording | Sung by Capt. Richard Maitland. (Statement Of Responsibility). Sailors' Snug Harbor (Venue). Sound Recording (Form).
193911amHistory of "Drunken Sailor" Originally, the sea chanty “Drunken Sailor” was sung while sailors worked on their ships, especially during tasks that required a quick walking pace. It is thought to have originated in the early 1800s, when the crews of large ships, especially military ones, used to haul a large rope around the deck. Its popularity decreased later in the 18th century when the ships got smaller, and the work on board changed. However, in the 20th century, the chanty saw a revival even amongst non-sailors, and is now one of the most famous sea chanties around.http://thekatzenjammer.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/A_fleet_of_East_Indiamen_at_sea.jpg1800s military war vessels
1939728Nathan and Rena Hicks sing traditional balladsNathan and Rena Hicks, a couple also from Beech Mountain NC, were recorded singing the traditional ballads ‘Barbara Allen’ and ‘George Collins’. These ballads are of English origin, passed down and preserved by generations of Hicks before coming to Nathan and Rena. The Hicks lived on a small family-run farm where they raised seven to ten children. <br> <iframe src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1iL9wrM0A2biduh5lcEfdVZLWg6w" width="320" height="240"></iframe> http://dukeiss.org/fcb/Nathan_and_Rena_with_Nell.png Nathan, Rena and Nelly Hicks - Frank & Anne Warner Collections <br> <audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/1GeorgeCollins_FCB%20Nathan.mp3" controls="controls"> <br> 'George Collins' - Frank Clyde Brown Collection
1939724Frank Profitt
1939826Mabel Houston sings for the Myron Houston BandMabel Houston sung and played the guitar in the Myron Houston Band. Lola Wiseman also sung with Mabel, and the pair would later become known as the “Houston sisters” who sung together on the Carolina Barn Dance which aired every Saturday night on the WBRM radio show. The pair, along with the rest of the Myron Houston band would get together on Saturday evenings and make music. Here is an example of Mabel singing with the Myron Houston Band in "Silver Threads Among the Gold."<iframe src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1pgPGiYFmdFyamRpjC3nDTRcQJ3M" width="640" height="300"></iframe>http://dukeiss.org/fcb/MyronHouston_cropped.jpg <audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/kiosk/houston/1%20SilverThreadsAmongGold.mp3"controls=controls> Mabel stands next to her older brother Myron who holds the guitar in the back right.
1936722Myra Barnett Miller Records 23 Songs for Frank Clyde BrownMyra Barnett Miller was an Appalachian woman born in 1870. Living in and around Caldwell County, North Carolina all her life, Myra worked both on farms and as a nurse. As she lived with numerous families throughout her early adulthood, and then with her husband, J. J. Miller from 1911 - 1924, Myra had the chance to learn many folk songs from multiple sources. In August of 1936, she recorded many of these songs for Frank Clyde Brown. Her rendition of "The House Carpenter" can be heard here.<br><br> <audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/HouseCarpenter(nodefect).mp3" controls="controls">
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<iframe src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/u/0/embed?mid=1IkxzcqoaF_iB7dJQu1EzWzTh3_c" width="640" height="480"></iframe>Courtesy of the Frank Clyde Brown CollectionMyra Barnett Miller sings her version of the folk song "The House Carpenter."https://www.carolinafarmcredit.com/CarolinaFarmCredit/media/Media/pageBannerImages/loans.jpg
1939719Aunt Becky Gordon is recorded singing "Fair Young Maid in a Garden"Aunt Becky Gordon learned her folk songs from her mother while living in Tuxedo, North Carolina. She was known to sing a number of Francis James Child Ballads through her recordings on the Frank Clyde Brown Collection. Below is a recording of Gordon singing her version of "Fair Young Maid in a Garden."<br><br><audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/kiosk/gordon/Gordon017_FairYoungMaidinaGarden.mp3" controls="controls">
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http://dukeiss.org/fcb/brown/beckygordon.jpgCourtesy of the Frank Clyde Brown CollectionAunt Becky Gordon poses for a photo while in Tuxedo, North Carolina.https://www.visitnc.com/resimg.php/imgcrop/2/30351/preview/800/480/View-from-Appalachian-Trail-Albert-Mountain-web.jpg
193971810:00Professor Brown visits G. S. Robinson in Asheville, N.C.Professor Brown noted that G. S. Robinson had Madison County roots and was living at 35 West Street, Asheville, NC in 1939.  http://dukeiss.org/fcb/fcbms01001003.jpgFrank Clyde Brown Field Notes, Frank Clyde Brown Collection, Rubenstein Library, Duke University.
19397188:00Professor Brown visits Otis Kuykendall in Asheville, N.C.Professor Brown began his summer trip recording music in Asheville, N.C.  Brown remarked in a letter that he travelled 2500 miles in the summer to collect music from across western North Carolina.http://dukeiss.org/fcb/fcbms01001001.jpgFrank Clyde Brown Field Notes, Frank Clyde Brown Collection, Rubenstein Library, Duke University.
193987Mrs. G.L. Bostic records the infamous folk song "Barbara Allen"While residing in Boling Springs, North Carolina, Mrs. Bostic performed "Barbara Allen" while Frank Clyde Brown was visiting. This song represents the rich culture and history of folk music in the Appalachia, as many folk music artists found it important to create a unique rendition of this ballad. Below is a recording of G.L. Bostic singing her version of "Barbara Allen."<br><br><audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/kiosk/bostic/Bostic07_BarbaraAllen.mp3" controls="controls">
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http://dukeiss.org/fcb/kiosk/bostic/clydebrown.jpgCourtesy of the Frank Clyde Brown CollectionMrs. Bostic and friend pose for a photo in Boiling Springs, North Carolina.http://az616578.vo.msecnd.net/files/2016/03/18/635938777847213823-1090255501_guitar.jpg
1939826Myron Houston accompanies Mabel Houston and Lola Wiseman on the harmonica and guitarMyron Houston assisted Frank Clyde Brown with his work in the 1930’s and was a music promoter, store owner and folklorist. Myron was a strong musical influence in Mabel Houston’s life, helping her to learn the guitar. In this recording Myron performs with the Myron Houston band in "Going Down the Road Feeling Bad." <audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/kiosk/houston/20GoingDowntheRoadFeelingBad.mp3"controls=controls> http://dukeiss.org/fcb/MyronHouston_cropped.jpgPhoto courtesy of Gloria Houston The Myron Houston Band with Mabel Houston standing next to her brother, Myron Houston who holds the guitar in the back right.
193982411:55 PMFrank Clyde Brown records Edith Walker singing "Dandoo, or The Wife Wrapped In Wether's Skin" “Dandoo” was known to be a “general favorite among ballad-singing folk on both sides of the water” (Brown, Volume 2, 185) and is about an old man who beat up his “bad” wife because she did not serve him dinner.. In Frank Clyde Brown’s collection, the ballad was mentioned in Volume II, categorized under “folk ballads from North Carolina.” The book explains that the “Dandoo” refrain was used widely and combined with other songs, therefore producing many variations. The two most frequent songs that are sung in combination with "Dandoo" are “The Wife Wrapped in Wether’s skin” but also “The Farmer’s Curst wife,” which were two of the most popular combinations sung with “Dandoo.” Edith Walker’s version was combined with “The Wife Wrapped in Wether’s Skin," and makes the wife the main subject of the song rather than many other versions which make the old man as the subject. <br><br><audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/walker/DandooRecording.mp3" controls="controls">
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Courtesy of the Frank Clyde Brown Collection"Dandoo, or The Wife Wrapped In Wether's Skin"
1939911Manly Greene performs as an older voice of folk musicComing from Meat Camp, Zionville, North Carolina, Manly Greene performed versions of popular folk songs like this muffled version presented here. He was born on October 4, 1853, representing the older voices involved with the folk genre in Western North Carolina. http://dukeiss.org/fcb/fcbms01001019.jpgCourtesy of the Frank Clyde Brown Field NotesFrank Clyde Brown writes about Manly Greene during his recording in September of 1939.http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-_rdbmicPWok/VAe-a2m_MwI/AAAAAAAATWw/Kn2NRxgM6CQ/s1600/Greene%2Bfarm.jpg
1920Background on Folksinger Edith WalkerBorn in a small, rural county around 1920, Edith Walker was a white middle-class female who grew up in a farm located in Boone, Watauga, North Carolina. Walker was given the opportunity to be educated at a four year university, Applachian Teacher's College, in 1939, and successfully furthered her career in teaching at a public school. It is most likely that her singing was influenced by her two grandmothers (Ettie Thomas and Granny wood) who Frank Clyde Brown also recorded for his collection of Appalachian folkmusic. <iframe src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/u/0/embed?mid=1ooC_k-owt09TYWjKRPxaC7J1jc4" width="640" height="480"></iframe>http://dukeiss.org/fcb/edithwalker.jpgAppalachian State University Yearbook, 1939Edith Walker's interest in culture and history is not only evident through her singing of folk, but also through her involvement in college. At the college, Edith Walker took active part in many clubs and events that helped her further her passion for literature and culture. As the 1939 Appalachian State University Yearbook shows, Edith Walker was a member of the International Relations Club, Vernician Literary Society, Le Cercle Francais, Creative English Club, and Playcrafters.
194363The Singers of the NC Jukebox Project A few key locations for the singers featured here.<iframe src="https://www.google.com/maps/d/u/0/embed?mid=1Rd2a1X_ec2umA0qnQurQqdyqoUM" width="640" height="480"></iframe>Western NC
1939814W. Amos "Doc" Abrams records James and Lessie YorkAt this time, W. Amos "Doc" Abrams recorded James and his wife singing 18 different folk songs at Appalachian State Teachers College. Some of them had just James in them, others had just Lessie, but they all were "signed" by both members of the couple. The recordings were eventually added to the Frank Clyde Brown Collection. The below map shows the locations of some of the important events in the Yorks' lives and what happened in those places. What James could recall of one of the songs, "Pretty Polly", an old English ballad, is below.
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http://www.collections.library.appstate.edu/sites/collections.library.appstate.edu/files/images/Archives_Rec/overhead_of_buildings.jpgAppalachian State Teachers College 1960http://images.landwatch.com/p/MOS/23/45/2XL_06.jpg
1939813Frank Clyde Brown records Edith Walker singing "Come I Will Sing You"Frank Clyde Brown recorded Edith Walker's version of "Come I will Sing You" on the same day that he recorded her grandmother, Ettie Walker, singing "Witch Tales." In the field notes, Brown even notes that Ettie Thomas is "Edith's grandmother," which shows how he took into account the family relationships when recording his artists and collecting folksongs. The song "Come I Will Sing You (The 12 Apostles)" is actually a Christmas song, now also known as "The Carol of the Twelve Numbers," and is not just popular in America but also across Europe. <audio src="http://dukeiss.org/fcb/walker/ComeIwillsingyou.mp3" controls="controls">
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http://dukeiss.org/fcb/comeiwillsingyou.jpgFrank Clyde Brown Field Notes
1939828Frank Clyde Brown records Edith Walker singing "Little Matty Groves"Frank Clyde Brown recorded Edith Walker's version of "Little Matty Groves." The song is a Border Ballad that orginiated in Northern England. Its basic context is about a tryst between a married woman and another man, later to be found out by the woman's husband and are killed. What is interesting is that many of Edith Walker's songs are actually about male dominance and domestic violence. In her songs such as "The Boys Won't Do To Trust" and "Going to Georgia," Edith even explicitly warns her female audience about the dangers of blindly trusting men. It seems as though Edith is trying to critique the gender inequalities that were prevalent in the mid 1900s, and encourage females to take on more independent roles. "Little Matty Groves" also came to be produced by a popular English folk rock band called Fairport Convention, who in 1969 released their album that contained the song. The following lyrics are part of the chorus of Fariport Convention's version of "Little Matty Groves": "Come home with me, little Matty Groves, and sleep with me till light
Oh, I can't come home, I won't come home and sleep with you tonight
By the rings on your fingers I can tell you are my master's wife
But if I am Lord Donald's wife, Lord Donald's not at home
He is out in the far cornfields bringing the yearlings home."

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Fairport Convention - Matty Groves Lyrics
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