Material Spell Components in D&D 5e
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MaterialValueSpellConsumed?SourcePg.Lvl.NotesSchoolArtificerBardClericDruidPaladinRangerSorcererWarlockWizard
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-If you find this spreadsheet valuable, I hope you'll visit Applesorcerer.com, where I've started publishing content for the DM's Guild and DriveThruRPG.-Items in orange and italic are suggested prices; e.g., what a player might pay at a magical supplies store. These are a little subjective. (Also includes the word "(suggested)" now. Thanks, Vimes Carrot!)
-Items with no marked price ("-") must be harvested by the caster or acquired via special means.
-Items in normal black are the minimum value of the material that the spell requires in order to be successful!
-You seem like a person who likes materials. I have a whole podcast exploring the incredible true stories behind the materials we work with outside the realm of fantasy! I'd appreciate it if you visit episodictable.com to give it a listen.---1-If you have any suggestions, feel free to add a note directly to this spreadsheet! I'm interested in keeping this an up-to-date and useful resource for fellow DMs. Thanks!

2020-11-08: Added artificer spells and "Official Spells w/o Material Components" sheet.

2021-03-24: Finally added the spells from Tasha's Cauldron of Everything!
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[An Item Distasteful to the Target]-BanishmentNPHB2174Obviously, this is highly variable.Abjuration
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Adamantine, small piece500 gpInvulnerabilityYXGtE1609Illusion
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Adder's stomach8 gp (suggested)Melf's Acid ArrowNPHB2592Evocation
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Agate1,000 gpAwakenYPHB2165Transmutation
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Agate10 gp (suggested)DarkvisionNPHB2302May use dried carrot as a component instead.Transmutation
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Air-Summon ElementalNTCE1114Conjuration
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Alum soaked in vinegar0.05 gp (5 cp) (suggested)AntipathyNPHB2148This component tastes extremely bitter, while the spell's other half (Sympathy) tastes extremely sweet (honeydrop). Very cool! Thanks, Elsa Fitzgerald!Enchantment
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Amber, Glass, or Crystal Rod20 gp (suggested)Chain LightningNPHB2216Amber was noted for its ability to create static electricity. Thanks, Brandon Wallin!Evocation
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Amber, Glass, or Crystal Rod20 gp (suggested)Lightning BoltNPHB2553Evocation
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Ammunition0.10 gp (1 sp) per arrow, bolt, etc. (suggested)Conjure Barrage(DM's Discretion)PHB2253Conjuration
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Ammunition0.10 gp (1 sp) per arrow, bolt, etc. (suggested)Conjure Volley(DM's Discretion)PHB2265Conjuration
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Ammunition0.10 gp (1 sp) per arrow, bolt, etc. (suggested)Cordon of Arrows(DM's Discretion)PHB2282Transmutation
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Artistic Representation of Caster5 gpProject ImageNPHB2707Illusion
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Artistic Representation of Target500 gp per hit dieImprisonment(DM's Discretion)PHB2529Also requires a "special component" depending on the version of Imprisonment chosen. See spell description.Abjuration
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Ash0.05 gp (5 cp) (suggested)Create HomunculusYXGtE1526Also requires Clay, Mandrake Root, and a jewel-encrusted dagger worth 1,000 gp.Transmutation
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Ash-Summon ElementalNTCE1114Conjuration
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Ashes of Mistletoe and Spruce0.50 gp (5 sp) (suggested)Pass without Trace(DM's Discretion)PHB2642Abjuration
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Bell (tiny)1 gp (suggested)AlarmNPHB2111Abjuration
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Bitumen (a drop)0.05 gp (5 cp) (suggested)Spider Climb(DM's Discretion)PHB2772Bitumen is essentially the same thing as pitch -- a kind of tar or asphalt, sticky and thick petroleum. But the official books refer to them as separate materials, and so it is here, too.
Edit: J.F. Aster points out that pitch can be a plant product, and bitumen is specifically the petroleum product! Thanks!
Transmutation
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Black Onyx Stone150 gpCreate UndeadNPHB2296Necromancy
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Black Pearl (as crushed powder)500 gpCircle of DeathNPHB2216Necromancy
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Black Silk Square2 gp (suggested)
Negative Energy Flood
NXGtE1635Also requires a broken bone.Necromancy
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Blood (a drop)0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)Animate Dead(DM's Discretion)PHB2123Necromancy
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Blood (a drop)0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)Bane(DM's Discretion)PHB2161Enchantment
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Blood (a vial)-Summon Greater DemonNXGtE1664Blood must be from a humanoid killed in the past 24 hours.Conjuration
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Blood (a vial)-Summon Lesser DemonsNXGtE1673Blood must be from a humanoid killed in the past 24 hours.Conjuration
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Bone0.02 gp (2 cp) (suggested)Mordenkainen's Faithful HoundNPHB2614"Give the dog a bone." Thanks, Janne!Conjuration
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Bone dust0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)Animate DeadNPHB2123Necromancy
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Bone, Broken1.50 gp (15 sp) (suggested)Negative Energy FloodNXGtE1635Also requires a square of black silk.Necromancy
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Brimstone0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)Flaming SphereNPHB2422"Brimstone" is synonymous with Sulfur, but for D&D purposes, it could imply hellish origin (which would obviously increase its value).Conjuration
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Brimstone0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)Guards and WardsNPHB2486"Brimstone" is synonymous with Sulfur, but for D&D purposes, it could imply hellish origin (which would obviously increase its value).Abjuration
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Bull Hairs0.50 gp (5 sp) (suggested)Tenser's Transformation(DM's Discretion)XGtE1686Transmutation
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Butter0.20 gp (2 sp) (suggested)Grease(DM's Discretion)PHB2461Conjuration
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Caterpillar Cocoon5 gp (suggested)Mass PolymorphNXGtETransmutation
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Caterpillar Cocoon5 gp (suggested)PolymorphNPHB2664You come out looking totally different. (Thanks, Ali St. James!)Transmutation
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Chalks and Inks infused with precious gems50 gpTeleportation CircleYPHB2825Conjuration
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Charcoal, Incense, and Herb mixture10 gpFind FamiliarYPHB2401Must be consumed by fire in a brass brazier.Conjuration
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Chrysolite powder50 gp (suggested)Mordenkainen's Private SanctumNPHB2624Abjuration
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Clay0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)Conjure Elemental (Earth)NPHB2255Conjuration
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Clay0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)Create HomunculusYXGtE1526Also requires Ash, Mandrake Root, and a Jewel-Encrusted Dagger worth 1,000 gp.Transmutation
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Clay0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)EarthquakeNPHB2368Evocation
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Clay0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)FeeblemindNPHB2398Enchantment
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Clay0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)Stone ShapeNPHB2784The clay must be worked into the desired shape of the stone object.Transmutation
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Clay and Water0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)Transmute Rock(DM's Discretion)EEPC215Also available in PotA pg. 240, XGtE pg. 169Transmutation
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Clay Model of a Ziggurat5 gp (suggested)TonguesNPHB2833Likely a reference to the Tower of Babel. (Thanks, Reuben Kendall!)Divination
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Clay Pot of Brackish Water1 gp (suggested)Create UndeadNPHB2296Necromancy
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Clay Pot of Grave Dirt4 gp (suggested)Create UndeadNPHB2296Necromancy
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Cloak, miniature1 gp (suggested)ResistanceNPHB2720Abjuration
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Cloth wad0.02 gp (2 cp) (suggested)Mordenkainen's Private SanctumNPHB2624Abjuration
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Cloth, Tiny white strip0.02 gp (2 cp) (suggested)AidNPHB2112Dressing for a wound. Like a... band-aid. Thanks, Janne!Abjuration
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Club0.50 gp (5 sp) (suggested)ShillelaghNPHB2750May substitute a quarterstaffTransmutation
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Coal1 gp (suggested)DarknessNPHB2302Evocation
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Colored Sand (red, yellow, and blue)10 gp (suggested)Color Spray(DM's Discretion)PHB2221Illusion
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Copper Piece1 cpDetect ThoughtsNPHB2312Get it? Get it??? "A penny for your thoughts?"Divination
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Copper Pieces2 cpGentle ReposeNPHB2452Copper pieces must be placed over corpse's eyes for the duration.Necromancy
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Copper Wire0.10 gp (1 sp) per foot (suggested)MessageNPHB2590Transmutation
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Copper Wire0.10 gp (1 sp) per foot (suggested)SendingNPHB2743A reference to copper phone lines. (Thanks, Aaron Timlake!)Evocation
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Cork0.02 gp (2 cp) (suggested)Water WalkNPHB2873"Corks obviously float on water." Thanks, Illimar Rekand!Transmutation
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Corn, powdered0.05 gp (5 cp) (suggested)Rope TrickNPHB2722"I think this is so you can 'starch' the rope to make it stiff and stay upright." Thanks, Joe Whitehead!Transmutation
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Cricket0.05 gp (5 cp) (suggested)SleepNPHB2761You know, like how crickets chirp when you're sleeping or bored or to punctuate an awkward moment. Thanks, Kibchi Redanlae!Enchantment
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Crystal Bead0.50 gp (5 sp) (suggested)Leomund's Tiny HutNPHB2553Evocation
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Crystal Hemisphere120 gp (suggested)Otiluke's Resilient SphereNPHB2644Evocation
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Crystal or Glass Cone25 gp (suggested)Cone of ColdNPHB2245Evocation
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Crystal Sphere, small20 gp (suggested)Otiluke's Freezing SphereNPHB2636Evocation
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Crystal Vial of phosphorescent material20 gp (suggested)Hypnotic PatternNPHB2523"So like a lava lamp?" Ohh, that's good. Thanks, Janne!Illusion
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Cured Leather0.10 gp (1 sp) (suggested)Mage ArmorNPHB2561Abjuration
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Detritus from the target creature-SimulacrumYPHB2767Fingernail clippings, hair, etc.Illusion
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Diamond50 gpChromatic OrbNPHB2211Evocation
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Diamond1,000 gpCloneYPHB2228Necromancy
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Diamond5,000 gpGateNPHB2249Conjuration
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Diamond500 gpMighty FortressYXGtE1618Conjuration
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Diamond500 gpRaise DeadYPHB2705Necromancy
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Diamond1,000 gpResurrectionYPHB2727Necromancy
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Diamond (as dust)200 gpGlyph of WardingYPHB2453Abjuration
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Diamond (as dust)100 gpGreater RestorationYPHB2465Abjuration
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Diamond (as dust)25 gpNondetectionYPHB2633Sprinkled over targetAbjuration
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Diamond (as dust)100 gpStoneskinYPHB2784Transmutation
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Diamond and Opal, powdered mix1,000 gpSymbolYPHB2807Abjuration
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Diamonds300 gpRevivifyYPHB2723Conjuration
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Diamonds25,000 gpTrue ResurrectionYPHB2849Necromancy
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Dirt-EarthquakeNPHB2368Evocation
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Dirt-Flesh to StoneNPHB2436The spell components for this spell are ingredients used to make concrete.Transmutation
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Dirt-LongstriderNPHB2561Transmutation
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Distilled Spirits0.05 gp (5 cp) (suggested)False Life(DM's Discretion)PHB2391Thanks to Rachael Wright for noting the difference between "alcohol" and the more specific "distilled spirits!"Necromancy
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Divinatory Tools100 gpFind the PathNPHB2406bones, sticks, cards, teeth, runes, dice, etc.Divination
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Dried Carrot0.05 gp (5 cp) (suggested)DarkvisionNPHB2302May use Agate as a component instead.
...because carrots are good for your vision! (Technically they're not, but that's a rumor started by British propagandists during WW2. They didn't want the Axis to know they had acquired radar technology, so thhey invented this story about how they could see so well at night.)
Transmutation
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Dust-Control WaterNPHB2274Transmutation
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Dust-DisintegrateNPHB2336Transmutation
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Dust-Dust DevilNEEPC162Also available in PotA pg. 235, XGtE pg. 154Conjuration
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Dust-Ice StormNPHB2524Evocation
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Dust-Sleet StormNPHB2763Conjuration
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Earth, Wood, and Water mixture-Control WeatherNPHB2288Transmutation
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Eggshell0.30 gp (3 sp) (suggested)Bigby's HandNPHB2185Evocation
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Eggshells5 gp (suggested)Rary's Telepathic BondNPHB2705Requires eggshells from two different types of creatures.Divination
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Engraving of Symbol of the Outer Planes500 gpTasha's Otherworldly GuiseNTCE1166Transmutation
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Exquisite Chest, 3' x 2' x 2', made of rare materials5,000 gpLeomund's Secret ChestNPHB2544Conjuration
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Exquisite Chest, tiny replica50 gpLeomund's Secret ChestNPHB2544Conjuration
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Eyeball-Summon AberrationNTCE1094Conjuration