WWII Camps and Religious Leaders
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Last NameFirst NameSect/DenominationTemple/Church Location Dec. 1941Temple/Church NameDOBDOD
Issei or Nisei
1st 2nd3rd4th5th6th7th8thReferenceNOTESPREWAR 1PREWAR 2PREWAR 3PREWAR 4PREWAR 5
2
3
AbeKōzōChristian (Baptist)Berkeley, CAPacific School of Religion (student)IsseiTanforan Assembly [1942]TopazJapan [1943 exchange ship]Suzuki pp. 60, 62, 172, 176,
4
AbeSeizō
Christian (Congregationalist)
San Diego, CA
San Diego Japanese Congregational Church [estb 1907]
IsseiManzanar [Feb.-Aug. 1943]
Alika/Okawara cpt. 11; Masuyama p. 80; Matsumoto pp. 2, 21, 99-100; Suzuki pp. 118, 122, 127
5
AbeTozo
Christian (Salvation Army)
San Francisco, CASan Francisco Salvation ArmyIsseiPomona Assembly [1942]
Heart Mountain [Oct. 1942-1944]
Blankenship p. 118; Suzuki pp. 43, 95, 226, 232-233, 362
6
AbeshimaShinmyōShingonWaimea, Big Island (HI) Waimea Shingonji [estb 1908]18981979Issei
Tanabe II p. 188; http://www.lahainashingon.org/kauai.html
7
AbikoGikō [Yoshitaka]NishiOrange County, CA [from 1938]Talbert Hōwakai [estb 1936]1909recent CKIsseiLordsburg [1942]Santa Fe [Aug.+Oct. 1943]
Tule Lake [Sept. 1944+ -Jan. 28, 1945]
Santa Fe [Jan. 29, 1945-Dec. 1945]
Japan [Dec. 27, 1945-1954]
Alameda Buddhist Temple [1954-1960] Sacramento Buddhist Temple [1960-1970]
Enmanji Sebastapol Buddhist Temple [1970-1979]
Akahoshi; BCA I pp. 129, 152, 155, 209, 221, 236, 271, 273, 360, 442; BCA II pp. 2, 106, 182, 206, 242, 271, 293-294, 387; Furuya p. 225 [has Yoshitaka]; Masuyama pp. 12-13, 118-119, 131, 189, 192, 197; Suzuki pp. 153-154; Tana [Apr. 8, 1942; Aug. 25, 1942; Aug. 27, 1942; Aug.31, 1942 entry]
Born XXX, Shiga Prefecture, Japan [Shōkōji, Shiga Prefecture]
Stockton Buddhist Temple [1934-1938]
Los Angeles Hongwanji Betsuin/Huntington Beach Japanese Language School/Talbert Hōwakai [1938]
8
AgatsumaTakeoChristian (Methodist)Walnut Grove, CAWalnut Grove Methodist ChurchSanta Anita Assembly [1942]Amachereleased to DenverBCA I pp. 338; Suzuki pp. 20-21, 211
9
AkagawaYoshimitsu
Christian (United Church of Canada)
Maple Ridge, Canada [from 1934]
Maple Ridge Japanese United Church [estb 1934
18801956Issei
Manitoba community churches [1942-1945]
Manitoba Japanese United Church [1945-1951]
Manson p. 68; Nakayama pp. 83, 113-121, 164; Nakayama 2 p. 34
Born Tokushima Prefecture, Japan
Aoyama Gakuin University
Ginza Methodist Church
New Westminster Sapperton Church [1910-1913]
Victoria College, University of Toronto [1913-1915]
Vancouver Church and New Westminister Sapperton Church [1910-1913]
10
AkahoshiShingetsuNishiGardena, CA [from 1940]Gardena Buddhist Church [estb 1926]1906recent CKIsseiLordsburg [1942]Santa Fe [Aug.+Oct. 1943]
Tule Lake [May 1944-Jan. 28, 1945]
Santa Fe [Jan. 29, 1945-Feb. 21, 1946]
Japan [1946-1952]
Wahiawa Hongwanji [1952-1969]; Japan [1969-1971]; Seabrook, NJ Buddhist Temple [1971-1982]
Osaka, Japan [1982-XXX]
Akahoshi; BCA I pp. 10, 54-55, 56, 59, 127, 148, 249, 260, 344, 348, 358, 447; BCA II pp. 98, 224-225, 233, 299, 308, 323, 387; Fukuda pp. 15, 54 [though misspells as Akaboshi]; Furuya p. 225; HHM p. 52; Masuyama pp. 131, 189, 192, 197; Soga pp. 109, 148 [though misspelled as Akaboshi]; Tana [Aug. 25, 1942; Aug. 27, 1942 entry]; http://www.foitimes.com/internment/Arrest30.pdf [has Takeo instead of Shingetsu]
Born Kami-Masuki-gun, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan [Shōhōji, Kumamoto Prefecture]
China [1929]
San Francisco Nishi Hongwanji Temple [1930-1933]
Japan [1933-1934]; San Francisco Nishi Hongwanji Temple [1933-1938]
Salt Lake City Buddhist Temple [1938-1940]
11
AkamatsuAlfredChristian (Methodist)New York, NY
New York Japanese Methodist Church [estb 1901]
19041981IsseiEllis Island [Dec. 1941-Feb. 1942]released in Feb. 1942
Blankenship p. 213; Matsumoto/Lerrigo pp. 215-217, 222; Robinson pp. 183-184, 233; http://www.deathfigures.com/index.php?id=Ak-6873656
12
AkegarasuTakeoHigashiHilo, Big Island (HI)Hilo Higashi Honganji Mission [estb 1928]IsseiKilauea Military Camp Sand IslandSanta Fe [Aug. 1943]Jerome [to join family]Japan [1943 exchange ship]
Honda pp. 81, 141, 143; Masuyama p. 131
13
AkiGeorge
Christian (Congregationalist)
Berkeley, CAPacific School of Religion (student)19142004Nisei
Tanforan Assembly - ordained in Tanforan 6/11/1942 [May-Aug. 1942]
Topaz [Aug. 1942-Nov. 1942]
Jerome [Nov. 1942-Feb. 1944]
Chaplain's School (Cambridge, MA) [Feb.-Mar. 1944]
442nd Army Chaplain [Mar. 22, 1944 Camp Shelby; FortMcClellan; Camp Shelby; Italy campaign]
Chicago [postwar]Los Angeles [postwar]San Luis Obispo, CA [postwar]
Aki (all); Alika/Okawara cpt. 11; Blankenship pp. 75, 128, 156, 179, 240; Duus, p. 153; NCJ 2, p. 130; Howard p. 162; Kodani p. 45; Koga pp. 42, 56, 78, 81-82; Masuda p. 261; Okada pp. 1-3, 150; Sugimura II p. 87; Suzuki pp. 60-62, 65, 172, 176, 178-179, 280, 297, 299-300, 302-306, 308; Yost pp. 253-57; http://www.rafu.com/2014/09/a-century-of-blessings/
Born Livingstone, CA
14
Akita HōryūHigashiHonolulu, Oahu (HI)Palama Higashi Honganji [estb 1921]Issei
15
AkizakiTakeo ShintoHonolulu, Oahu (HI)Moilili Inari Jinja [estb 1915]19181981NiseiHonouliuli [Feb. 12, 1942???]
Sand Island [1/6/1942-2/20/1942]
Angel Island [3/1/1942-3/9/1942]
Camp McCoy [3/12/1942-5/26/1942]
Camp Forest [5/27/1942-6/29/1942]
Camp Livingstone [6/30/1942-8/3/1942]
Angel Island [8/6/1942-8/7/1942]; Sand Island [XX-3/3/1943]; Honouliuli [3/4/1943-9/4/1944]; Released on Sept. 4, 1944 in Hawaii
Wakamiya Inari Shrine (Honolulu) [postwar]
Furuya p. 106; Maeda pp. 29, 46, 260, 273; Nishigaya pp. 179-180; Soga pp. 69, 229; Yost pp. 168-170, 176; http://www.aiisf.org/stories-by-author/1017-takeo-akizaki-american-citizen-detained-twice-on-angel-island-during-world-war-ii; http://www.foitimes.com/internment/Arrest30.pdf
Born Hawaii
16
AkizakiYoshioShintoHonolulu, Oahu (HI)Moilili Inari Jinja [estb 1915]18981954IsseiHonouliuliSand Island [Ship #2]Camp McCoyCamp ForestCamp Livingstone
Maeda pp. 29, 45, 260; Nishigaya pp. 179-180; Yost pp. 168, 176 [Yost has Yoshio]; http://www.aiisf.org/stories-by-author/1017-takeo-akizaki-american-citizen-detained-twice-on-angel-island-during-world-war-ii; http://www.foitimes.com/internment/Arrest30.pdf
17
AmaTakao NishiEleele, Kauai (HI) [from 1925]Eleele Hongwanji Mission [estb 1909]18871952IsseiKalaheo StockadeSand Island
Santa Fe [Aug. 1943+XXX-Mar. 22, 1944]
Jerome [Mar. 1944-XXX] (paroled to join family)
Tule Lake [Sept. 1944-1945]
Japan [1945-1952]
Clark p. 37; Furuya p. 199; HHM p. 18; Masuyama pp. 27, 131, Soga p. 229; Suzuki p. 154
Born Yoshino-gun, Nara Prefecture, Japan
Koloa Nishi Hongwanji Fukyōjo [1914]
Pahala Nishi Hongwanji Fukyōjo [1914-1916]
Eleele Hongwanji [1916-1923]
Japan [1923-1925]
18
AniyaMyōryūNichirenXXX, (HI)1892198?NiseiNOT INTERNED
Wahiawa Nichiren Mission [founded postwar]
Born Hawaii
19
AokiTokumonNishiLos Angeles, CA [from XXX]
Los Angeles Honpa Hongwanji Betsuin [estb 1905]
18941962Issei
Tuna Canyon Detention Center [Mar. 13, 1942-Mar. 26, 1942]
Santa Fe [Mar. 27, 1942, Oct. 1943]
Japan on Second Exchange Ship [1943]
Japan [1943-1962]
Akahoshi; BCA I pp. 128, 191; BCA II pp. 100, 263, 387; HHM p. 25; Nakamura (all)
Born Shin-Minato-shi, Toyama Prefecture, Japan
Hawaii Honpa Hongwanji Betsuin [1921-1929]
Japan [1929-1930]
Oakland Buddhist Church [1930-1933]
Japan [1933-XXX]
20
AokiZenyūNishi
Hilo, Big Island (HI) [from Mar. 1941]
Hilo Hongwanji Betsuin [estb 1924]18901961IsseiNOT INTERNED
*only Big Island minister not interned
Hilo Hongwanji Betsuin [1941-1958]
Hilo Hongwanji Betsuin [1941-1958]Kaneohe, Hawaii [1958-1961]
Ama III pp. 66, 70; BCA I pp. 56, 113, 121, 172, 221, 233, 235-236, BCA II 187, 233, 242, 249, 299, 327, 351; pp. 20, 66, 387; Doki pp. 79-80; Fujimura p. 124; Furuya p. 39; HHM pp. 48, 80-81; Kikuchi pp. 49, 61-62; Magden pp. 73, 81-85-88, 314
Born in Onga-gun, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan [Zenkōji, Fukuoka]
Bakersfield Buddhist Temple [1915-1917]
Vacaville Buddhist Temple [1918-1920]
Stockton Buddhist Temple [1920-1924]
Japan [1924-1926]
Salt Lake City Buddhist Temple [1926-1930]
Seattle Buddhis Temple [1930-1936]
Vancouver Buddhist Temple [1936-1937]
Buddhist Churches of Canada Superintendent [1937-1941]
21
ArakawaYōhakuNichirenPortland, OR
Portland Nichiren Buddhist Church [estb 1921]
19051996Issei
Portland Assembly Center [June-Aug. 1942]
Minidoka [Dec. 1942+Feb. 1943]
Annaka p. 110; Magden p. 143; Maruyama p. 172; Suzuki pp. 56-57, 197, 200-201
22
ArakiRoy TakehiroNishiKilauea, Kauai (HI) [from July 1941] Kilauea Hongwanji Mission [estb 1907]19131978NiseiNOT INTERNED
Kilauea Hongwanji Mission [July 1941-Dec. 1941]; resigned Dec. 1941
HHM p. 49; Moriya p. 100
Born Kealakekua, Kona, Hawai’i
Ryūkoku University [1941 graduated]
received “tokudo” and “kyōshi” in 1937
23
ArineMasaoShintoKahului, Maui (HI) [from 1937]Maui Jinja [estb 1914]1972NiseiHaiku Internment Camp
mainland camps [Jan. 1943-Nov. 1943]
Japan [1943 exchange ship]??
Maeda pp. 29, 233, 235-237, 239, 261, 284-286, 289-290; Goldman pp. 154-157
Born Keahua, Maui, Hawai'i
24
ArineTorakoShintoKahului, Maui (HI) [from Aug. 1941]Maui Jinja [estb 1914]Nisei (F)Maeda pp. 261, 284-285, 310Born Hawaii
25
AsaedaHōryūShingonLiliha, Oahu (HI)Liliha Shingonji Mission [estb 1911]Issei
Honolulu Immigration Station {Feb. 1942-XXX]
Sand Island [Feb. 1942]Camp McCoy?Santa Fe
repatriated to Japan on 2nd exchange ship [sailed out of New York on September 1, 1943]
Japan [1943 exchange ship]??
Coffman (17:28-17:30); Furuya pp. ix, 81; Honda p. 81
26
AsakaSōkanNishiRoyston, CanadaRoyston Bukkyo Kai [estb 1930]IsseiSandon River Labour CampSandon CampNew Denver SlocanVancouver B.C. [postwar]Japan [postwar]Kawasaki p. 2
27
AsanoKakushō ShingonLiliha, Oahu (HI)Liliha Daigo Bunkyō'in [estb 1911]1906IsseiHonolulu Immigration StationSand Island [Ship #2]
Crystal City [Jan.+Feb. 1945]
Furuya pp. 113, 197 [has assigned to Kohala and has Kakuho on second entry]; Masuyama p. 136; Soga p. 230; Yamabe/Morita [misreads as Masaaki and has previous assignment as Kohala, Hawaii]
Born Yoshifuji-mura, Ehime Prefecture, Japan
28
AsanoShōsaku
Christian (Presbyterian)
Monterey, CAMonterey Presbyterian ChurchIsseiPostonSuzuki p. 245
29
AsaokaKakuhōShingonHonomu, Big Island (HI)Honomu Henjōji [estb 1918]IsseiXXX [Dec. 1941]Waimea Shingon Mission [1945-XXX]
Clark p. 133; http://lahainashingon.org/hawaii.html
30
AshikagaEnshōHigashiLos Angeles, CA
Los Angeles Higashi Honganji Betsuin [estb 1904]
19101984IsseiPomona Assembly [1942]Heart Mountain
released to teach Japanese at U-Colorado's Navy intensive Japanese language program
UC Berkeley [1945-1947]UCLA Dept. of Oriental Languages [1947-1974]Higashi Honganji, Kyoto [1978-XXX]
Ama IV pp. 146, 166-167, 260; Masuyama pp. 18-19; Kodani p. 38; http://texts.cdlib.org/view?docId=hb767nb3z6&doc.view=frames&chunk.id=div00003&toc.depth=1&toc.id=
Born Sakai, Osaka Prefecture
Otani University, Kyoto [1927-1937]
UC Berkeley faculty [1938-1941]
31
AshinaTakeoChristianIssei
Sacramento (Wallerga) Assembly [1942]
Japan [returned]Suzuki p. 76
32
AsoChikara NishiSan Jose, CA [from 1935]
San Jose Hongwanji Buddhist Church [estb 1902]
19101985IsseiSanta Anita Assembly [1942]
Heart Mountain [Nov. 1942-Aug. 1945]
San Jose Hongwanji Buddhist Church [Apr. 1945-1955]
Berkeley [1955-XXX]; San Jose [XXX-1985]
BCA I pp. 67, 129, 175-176, 179, 181, 282; BCA II pp. 108, 310-312, 387; Masuyama pp. 10, 15, 21, 157, 189; SJBCB pp. 12, 53, 165; Suzuki pp. 71, 73, 227-228; Wilson pp. 120-121 [has Asoo]
Born XXX, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan [Anshōji, Fukuoka Prefecture]
San Jose [1935-onward]
33
AsoGeorge
Christian (Seventh Day)
NiseiTopazDenver and San Francisco [postwar]Suzuki p. 172, 178
34
AzumaMitsuguTenshindōLanai, Maui (HI)Lanai Tenshindō [estb 1940]IsseiHaiku Internment CampSand IslandLanai Tenshindō [postwar]
35
BabaKosaburōChristian (Methodist)IsseiSanta Anita Assembly [1942]Amache [Dec. 1944]
Ito p. 52; Suzuki pp. 21, 212; Suzuki 2 p. 64
Brawley Japanese Methodist Church [1913-1914]
36
BanTakeshi
Christian (Congregationalist)
Los Angeles, CATaiheiyō Bunka KyōikukaiIsseiSanta FeFort MissoulaFort Sill
paroled on [Dec. 22, 1943]
Lowman p. 292; Soga pp. 136, 142, 148; Valkenburg p. 102
37
Bernadette(Sister)Christian (Catholic)Issei (F)ManzanarBlankenship p. 129
38
ChikumaMasayukiShintoHonolulu, Oahu (HI)Inari Jinja Issei Honolulu Immigration StationSand IslandFort MissoulaFuruya p. 135
39
ChikumaTakijiShintoHonolulu, Oahu (HI) Inari Jinja Issei
NOT INTERNED - his son-in-law Takiji picked up in his place
Furuya p. 135
40
ClarkeAlice MyōyuNishiSan Francisco, CA
Euro-Am convert
NOT INTERNED
Ama IV pp. 70-71, 225; Ama V p. 61; BCA II pp. 171, 388
Received “tokudo” in 1920 and worked at North American BMNA headquarters
41
ClarkeRobert Samuel KokyoNishiSan Francisco, CA
Euro-Am convert
NOT INTERNED
Ama IV pp. 70-71, 78-79, 225; Ama V p. 61; BCA II pp. 16, 171, 387
Born England
Received “tokudo” twice (in 1920 and 1925) and worked at North American BMNA headquarters [Born 1922 after Kirby] and with the Berkeley Buddhist Temple’s Buddhist Society for Caucasian members and also lecture to the Oakland Buddhist Temple
42
CliftonRobert Stuart RigenNishi18961963
Euro-Am convert
NOT INTERNED
Western Buddhist Order (London) [1952-XXX]Ordained as a Theravada monk in Laos (Dharma name--Sumangalo) [1955]
Penang Buddhist Association, Malaysia [XXXX-1963]
Ama IV pp. 73-75, 79-81, 227; Ama V pp. 61, 69; BCA I pp. 83, 264; BCA II pp. v, 18, 388; Masatsugu p. 189
Born Alabama
Received “tokudo” twice--1933 and 1934--trained in Kyoto Honganji and received “kyoshi” and “kaikyōshi” license in 1934; postwar resigned Born BCA
International Buddhist Institute (SF) 1935
New Jersey [1937]
43
DemeJōsenNishiWaipahu, Oahu (HI) [from 1941]Waipahu Hongwanji Mission [estb 1901]18901965IsseiHonolulu Immigration StationSand Island [Ship #1]
Honolulu Immigration Station
Camp McCoyCamp ForestCamp Livingstone; Fort MissoulaSanta Fe
Waipahu Hongwanji Mission [1946-1958]; Ewa Hongwanji [1946-1958]; Waianae Hongwanji [1946-1958]
Furuya pp. 18, 23, 44, 130, 137, 151, 191, 193; HHM p. 22; Soga pp. 37, 41, 168, 230
Born Nanjō-gun, Fukui Prefecture, Japan
Hawaii Nishi Hongwanji Betsuin [1918-1920]
Waimea Hongwanji [1920-1924]
Kealia Hongwanji [1924-1929]
Hilo Hongwanji [1929-1932]
Paia Japanese School [1932-1936]
Hawaii Nishi Hongwanji Betsuin [1936-1941]
44
EkuanKōganJōdoHamakua, Big Island (HI)Hamakua Jōdo Mission [estb 1895]IsseiKilauea Military Camp Sand IslandHamakua Jōdo Mission [postwar]
45
Fujihana [Fujihara]
Kyōdō [Masamichi]JōdoPuunene, Maui (HI)Puunene Jōdo Mission [estb 1910]1906IsseiHaiku Internment CampSand Island [Ship #2]Camp Livingstone
Crystal City [Jan.+Feb. 1945]
Japan [postwar]
Furuya p. 113; Masuyama p. 136; Soga p. 230; Yamabe/Morita [has Masamichi and has birth date as 1906]
Born Tokyo, Japan
46
FujiiGinichiChristianFairbanks, Alaska1886Issei??KooskiaWegars p. 202
47
FujiiJiryūChristian (Methodist)Berkeley, CABerkeley United ChurchIsseiTanforan Assembly [1942]TopazBerkeley United Church [postwar]Suzuki pp. 21, 60, 175; Suzuki 2 p. 70
48
FujiiRyūchi [Ryuichi]NishiGardena, CA [from 1933]Gardena Buddhist Temple [estb 1926]18921986IsseiFresno City Jail [Mar. 13, 1942-XX]Sharp Park [Mar. 1942]
Lordsburg [April 1942-Aug. 1942]
Crystal City [Aug. 1942-Feb. 1946]
Clovis Buddhist Temple/Berkeley Buddhist Temple [1946-1947]
Honolulu Hongwanji Betsuin [1947-1950]Hilo Hongwanji Betsuin [1950-1959]
Ama IV p. 158; BCA I pp. 101, 122, 209, 344, 348, 350; BCA II pp. 72, 220, 225, 242, 388; Gee p. 122; HHM p. 50; Masuyama pp. 134, 136, 190; Russell pp. 170-171, 174; Yamabe/Morita [misreads as Tatsutomo]; BCA Archives (Box 172 Letter by Ryuchi Fujii, Mar. 18, 1942]
Born Taira-mura, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan [Shōrakuji, Hiroshima Prefecture]
Fresno Buddhist Temple [1919-1920]
Los Angeles Hongwanji Betsuin [1920-1924]
Fresno Buddhist Temple [1924-1931]
Los Angeles Hongwanji Betsuin [1931-1933]
49
FujiieShōhōNishiHonolulu, Oahu (HI) [from 1936]Waimanalo Hongwanji Mission [estb 1904]19031990IsseiHonolulu Immigration Station
Sand Island [Ship #1] [XXX-Feb. 21, 1942]
Camp McCoy [Mar. 9-May 24, 1942]
Camp Forest [May 29, 1942-June 9, 1942]
Camp Livingstone [July 1, 1942-July 1, 1943]
Fort Missoula [July 6, 1943-July 1944] Santa Fe [July 1944-XXX]Japan [postwar-1990]
Furuya pp. 29, 44-45, 65, 72, 137, 147, 193, 214; HHM p. 38; Soga pp. 51-56, 151, 230; Tabrah p. 70
Born Asago-gun, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan
Papaikou Hongwanji [1931-1936]
50
FujimotoHōgen YoshihikoNishiJapan19191982NiseiJapan [tokudo - Mar. 1942]Ryūkoku University [1946 graduated]
U.S. Army in Japan [1946-1953]; Los Angeles Hongwanji Betsuin [1953-1954]
Fresno Betsuin [1954-1959]; Placer Buddhist Temple [1959-1963]; Buddhist Church of San Francisco BCA Hdt [1963-1968]; Institute of Buddhist Studies [1967-1979]; Sacramento Buddhist Temple [1979-1982]
BCA I pp. 10-11, 69, 71, 74, 80, 86, 97, 99-100, 103, 107, 132, 160, 162, 164, 194, 196, 209, 291; BCA II pp. viii-ix, 25, 29-30, 32, 36, 220, 242, 293-294, 388; Magden p. 243; Moriya p. 100; Nitta pp. 69, 71, 84
Born Brawley, CA
received “tokudo” in Mar. 1942 and “kyōshi” in Sept. 1943
51
FujikadoHōshinNishiSalinas, CA [from 1936]Salinas Buddhist Church [estb 1924]19101991IsseiSalinas City Jail [1941]
SF Immigration Office [1941]
Fort Lincoln Camp Livingstone [1942]
Santa Fe [July+Aug.+Oct. 1943]
Crystal City [1944+Jan.+Feb. 1945]Seabrook Buddhist Church [1946-1947]
Buddhist Church of San Francisco [1947-1948]; Marysville Buddhist Temple [1948-1955]; Palo Alto Buddhist Temple [1955-1959]; Stockton Buddhist Temple [1959-1960]; Los Angeles Hongwanji Betsuin [1960-1965]; Arizona Buddhist Temple [1965-1970]; Senshin Buddhist Temple [1970-1988]
Akahoshi; BCA I pp. 9-10, 129, 148, 209, 221, 259-260, 293, 296, 355, 406, 421, 423, 446-447; BCA II pp. 109, 185, 242-243, 248, 254, 279, 296, 308, 323, 327, 339, 388; Fujimura pp. 34, 40, 51-54, 64, 112; Kodani p. 56; Masuyama pp. 123-124, 131, 134, 136, 188, 190; Tana [Feb. 13, 1942 entry]; Yamabe/Morita [misreads as Yoshinobu]
Born Arima, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan [Jōkōji, Nagasaki Prefecture]
Los Angeles Hongwanji Betsuin [1935-1936]
52
FujimoriJunichiChristian (Methodist)Los Angeles, CA
West Los Angeles Methodist Church [estb XX]
1971Issei
Manzanar [June 1942+April 1943]
Ontario, OR [postwar]Alameda, CA [postwar]; San Jose, CA [postwar]
Pioneer Japanese Methodist Church[postwar]
Chen/Morizono pp. 55, 142, 159; Hansen/Mitson pp. 115-116; Hessel pp. 210-211; Manzanar Free Press (June 13, 1942), p. 2; Masuyama p. 80; Nicholson pp. 2-3; Suzuki pp. 22, 115-116, 122-123, 128; http://www.sacjumc.com/History%20of%20SJUMC.pdf
53
FujimuraBunyū NishiSalinas, CA [from 1935]Salinas Buddhist Temple [estb 1924]19101997IsseiSalinas City Jail/SF Immigration OfficeFort LincolnCamp McCoyCamp Livingstone [1942]
Santa Fe [Aug.+Oct. 1943]
Poston [1944]
Chicago Midwest Buddhist Temple [Sept., 7, 1945-Aug. 1946]
Salinas Buddhist Temple [Aug.13, 1946-1951]; Watsonville Buddhist Temple [1951-1957]; West Los Angeles Buddhist Temple [1957-1976]
Akahoshi; Ama p. 22; Ama II p. 46; BCA I pp. 9-10, 129, 293-294, 296, 391, 406-409, 411, 416; BCA II pp. 108-109, 251, 254, 296, 363, 367, 388; Fujimura (all); Kodani pp. 36-37; Masuyama pp. iii, 92-95, 99, 131, 178-179, 188-189, 197; Nitta p. 47; Ogden pp. 88-89; Salinas Valley p. 7; Tana [Feb. 13, 1942 entry]
Born XXX, Gifu Prefecture, Japan [Zentokuji, Gifu Prefecture]
Salinas [1935-onward]
54
FujimuraJohn S.Christian (Methodist)Issei ?Tule Lake [Feb. 1943]Suzuki pp. 141-142
55
FujinagaKakuminNishiEl Centro, CA [from 1938]El Centro Buddhist Temple [estb 1925]19111981IsseiLordsburg [1942]
Santa Fe [Aug. 1942-Oct. 1943]
Gila River [Oct. 19, 1943-1945]
Fresno Hompa Honganji Betsuin [June 5, 1945-1948]
Parlier Buddhist Church [1948-1955]; Lodi Buddhist Temple [1955-1960]
Buddhist Church of San Francisco BCA Exec. Secretary [1960-1979]
Akahoshi; BCA I pp. 71-73, 80, 86, 101, 103, 129, 160, 164, 298, 316-318, 351-352, 438; BCA II pp. 22, 27, 34, 110, 203-204, 215, 220, 238, 388; Fujimura p. 132; Masuyama pp. 123-124, 131, 133, 144, 189; Suzuki p. 268; Tana [Aug. 16, 1942 entry]
Born XXX, Shiga Prefecture, Japan [Chōgyōji, Shiga Prefecture]
Salinas Buddhist Temple [1936]
Fresno Buddhist Temple [1936-1938]
56
FujinoShigeoShintoLihue, Kauai (HI)
Lihue Daijingū [estb 1903]/Nauwiliwili Daijingū [estb 1930]
1985NiseiSand Island [Ship #2]mainland campsHonouliuli ?Japan [postwar]Hawai Ishizuchi Jinja [1982-1985]
Furuya p. 106; Maeda pp. 29, 134, 264, 273, 310; Soga p. 230; http://www.foitimes.com/internment/Arrest30.pdf
57
FujioW.NishiIsseiJerome [1943]Masuyama p. 25; Suzuki p. 298
58
FujiokaKyōsukeChristianIssei ?Puyallup Assembly [1942]Suzuki p. 53
59
FujisawaShūnanSōtōHonolulu, Oahu (HI) [from 1940]
Shōbōji Sōtō Mission of Hawaii Betsuin [estb 1913]
1896IsseiHonolulu Immigration StationSand Island [Ship #1]Camp McCoyCamp ForestCamp LivingstoneCrystal City [Jan.+Feb.1945]
Furuya pp. 44-45, 69, 75 [misread as Hideo]; HSKS pp. 84-87, 90-91, 110-111, 116-117, 235; Masuyama p. 136 [misread as Hideo]; Sotoshu Hawaii pp. 27-28, 32-33, 53, 55, 69, 102, 306 [misread as Fujizawa]; Yamabe/Morita [misread as Hideo]
Born Oshika, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan [Yōsanji, Miyagi Prefecture]
Waipahu Taiyōji [1927-1928]
Waiahole Tōmonji [1930-1940]
60
FujishiroUtanosukeChristianLahaina, Maui (HI)IsseiHaiku Internment CampSand Island [Ship #1]Camp McCoySanta Fe?
repatriated to Japan on 2nd exchange ship [sailed out of New York on September 1, 1943]
Furuya pp. 44-45, 81; Honda p. 81
61
FujitaniKōdō NishiHonolulu, Oahu (HI) [from 1934]Moiliili Hongwanji Mission [estb 1906]18861976Issei
Honolulu Immigration Station [April 1942]
Sand Island [Ship #3]Lordsburg
Santa Fe [July 1943-Feb. 13, 1944]
paroled in [Feb. 13, 1945] back to Hawaii, but revoked
Hawaii Nishi Hongwanji Betsuin/Moilili Hongwanji (Bishop 1948-1952) [Nov. 1945-1952]
Wailuku Hongwanji [1952-1958]Honolulu [1958-1976]
Akahoshi [misread has Shodo]; Furuya p. 224; HHM pp. 25-26; HNHEB; Masuyama pp. 123-124, 131; Nishigaya p. 184; Odo pp. 31, XX; Simon; Soga pp. 91, 108, 168, 176, 191, 222, 230; Oral History Interview with Yoshiaki Fujitani (U-Hawaii, by Michi Kodama-Nishimoto and Warren Nishimoto, April 7, 2005)
Born Hisagi-mura, Hikawa-gun, Shimane Prefecture, Japan [Gekkōji Temple]
Okinawa [1915-1916]
Hawaii Hongwanji Betsuin Chūgakkō [1920-1921]
Pauwela Hongwanji [1921-1934]
62
FujiyoshiDonald?Christian1906?Soga p. 60
63
FukudaKichiroChristian Honolulu, HI
Sugimura II p. 89; http://kuzuharalibrary.com/tables/table_13.html
64
FukudaRyōonShingonbecame priest in campIsseiPoston
Ordained as priest in Poston under Rev. Ryōshō Sogabe
65
FukudaYoshiakiKonkōkyōSan Francisco, CA [from 1931]Konko Church of San Francisco [estb 1931]18981957Issei
Santa Clara County Jail [12/7/1941-12/10/1941]
San Francisco Immigration Station [12/10/1941-12/17/1941]
Fort Missoula [12/29/1941-4/10/1942]
Fort Sam Houston [4/11/1942-5/1942]
Lordsburg [5/1942-7/23/1943]
Santa Fe [7/23/1943-2/12/1944] - visited Topaz temporarily to see sick wife [5/1943]
Crystal City [2/13/1944-9/29/1947]
Konko Church of San Francisco [1947-1957]
Ama I p. 22; Ama II p. 46; Ama IV p. 175; Fukuda (all); Furuya pp. 213-214; Kashima pp. 121, 184-185, 266; Ogden p. 5; Russell pp. 153-168, 302, 303-311, 318-320; Simon; Soga pp. 78, 91 (though misspelled Yoshiaki as Miryo], 106-07, 149; Valdenburg p. 109; Yamabe/Morita; http://www.foitimes.com/internment/Arrest30.pdf
Born Kamikita-mura, Nara Prefecture, Japan
66
FukudaBuddhist (?sect)Kaneohe, HIIsseiMiyao II p. 85
67
FukushimaHamaTerminal Island, CA1884IsseiCrystal City [Jan. 1945]Yamabe/Morita
Born Tsunaki-mura, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan
68
Fukushima Joseph K.
Christian (Congregationalist)
Montebello, CA
Montebello Congregational Church [estb 1913]
IsseiRohwer [Mar. 1943]Ogden, Utah church [released in 1944]Montebello Congregational Church [postwar]
Alika/Okawara cpt. 11; Blankenship p. 175; Kodani pp. 41-45; Masuyama p. 210; Suzuki pp. 279, 283
69
FukuyamaTsutomu (Tom)Christian (Baptist)Seattle, WA [from 1942]Seattle Japanese Baptist Church [estb 1899]NiseiPuyallup Assembly [May 1942]Minidoka [Dec. 1942]
Blankenship pp. 53, 76, 106, 110-111, 114, 121, 124-126, 133, 139, 155, 157, 186, 209, 214; Fiset II p. 135; Magden p. 344 (misspells as Tsutomi); Suzuki pp. 52, 195, 199-200, 203-204, 207
Born Bainbridge Island, WA
70
FunoMitsuzōTenrikyōSeattle, WASeattle Tenrikyō Church1900IsseiCrystal City [Jan. 1945]Wildie p. 44; Yamabe/Morita
Born Nagoya, Japan
Sacramento Tenrikyō Church [1928-XXX]
71
FurutaChiyokichi
Christian (Congregationalist)
Honolulu, Oahu (HI)Makiki Japanese Church [estb. 1904]18911965IsseiOsumi pp. 34-35, 43
Lihue Japanese Christian Church
72
GenishiIchirōTenrikyōHawaiiIsseiHonouiliuliNishigaya pp. 179-180
73
GeskeFrancis Jikai NishiOakland, CA [from 1934]North Oakland Buddhist Society [estb 1934]1900
Euro-Am convert
NOT INTERNED
Ama IV pp. 73-74, 80-81, 227; Ama V p. 61; BCA II pp. 18, 172, 389
Received “tokudo” in 1933
North Oakland Buddhist Society [1934 onward]
74
GoldwaterJulius A. [Shaku Jukō]NishiLos Angeles, CA [from 1937]
Los Angeles Honpa Hongwanji Betsuin [estb 1905]
19082001
Euro-Am convert
NOT INTERNED -served Los Angeles Honpa Hongwanji Betsuin ; 532 Bonhill Road, Brentwood Heights, CA
Assisted Buddhists at Pomona and Santa Anita Assembly Centers and WRA camps
Senshin Buddhist Church [1945]West Los Angeles Buddhist Temple [1970s-1980s]
Buddhist Brotherhood of America [???]
Ama IV pp. 71, 74-78, 99-100, 228-229; Ama V pp. 61, 64-65, 69-70, 74; BCA I pp. 62-63, 83, 202, 419; BCA II pp. v-vi, 18, 21, 172, 222, 240, 389; Betsuin (all); Hayashi pp. 93, 169-170, 253; Hirahara/Knatz p. 265; Hirahara/Lindquist pp. 14-15, 19; Kodani pp. 39, 56-58; Kyodan pp. 5-7; Magden p. 89; Masatsugu p. 37; Masuyama pp. 4, 33, 50, 128, 141-145, 149, 179; Nitta p. 40; Ogden p. 92; Robinson p. 62; Seigel pp. 256-258; Sugimura pp. 120-121; Suzuki pp. 71, 73, 96, 115; Tabrah pp. 63-65; Uchima/Shinmoto pp. 22-23, 132; War Relocation Authority Community Analysis Section’s Report No. 9 “Buddhism in the United States” (May 15, 1944), 5; www.buddhistmeditation.net/goldwater.htm; BCA Archives "List of Buddhist Ministers"
Born Los Angeles, CA
Received "tokudo" in Honolulu in 1928 and then twice in BMNA--1934 and 1937--with Dharma name Jukō and also received ordination in a Chinese Buddhist tradition in 1938 (Dharma name Subhadra)
Buddhist Brotherhood in America in LA [began 1928]
Los Angeles Buddhist Society [1934]
LA Nishi Hongwanji (Hompa) Temple [1928-1945]
75
GotōChinpei PeterChristian (Methodist)Honolulu, Oahu (HI)
Parker Memorial United Methodist Church [estb 1929]
??1954Issei
76
GotōIsaoKonkōkyōLos Angeles, CA
Konko Church of West Los Angeles [estb 1941]
IsseiFort Missoula [Dec. 1941-Mar. 1942]
Fort Sill [Mar. 1942-spring 1943]
Santa Fe [spring 1943-1945]Tule LakeKonko Church of Gardena [postwar]
Fukuda pp. v-vi, 12, 16; Valkenburg p. 102
77
GotōMasaichiChristian (Methodist)NiseiSuzuki 2 p. 67
78
GotōMasajiChristian (Methodist)Palo Alto, CA [from 1941]
Page Mill Methodist Church/Pacific School of Religion (seminary student)
19131979Issei
NOT INTERNED - student at Illiff School of Theology (Denver, CO)
received Th.M from Illiff in 1944
Spokane Highland Park Methodist Church [1949-1950]
Page Mill Methodist Church [postwar - 1959-1970]
Pioneer Japanese United Methodist Church [postwar]
Suzuki p. 22; Suzuki 2 p. 67; https://lakesequoiaretreat.wordpress.com/histories/rev-masaji-goto/; https://lakesequoiaretreat.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/goto-masji-story-1.pdf; http://www.sacjumc.com/History%20of%20SJUMC.pdf; https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1338&dat=19770917&id=Zb8SAAAAIBAJ&sjid=9fgDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5162,330899&hl=en; http://catalog.gcah.org:8080/exist/memoirs/memoirs.xql;jsessionid=v4irzfsdz8ii?start=48101&howmany=10
Born Japan
79
GotōShinpeiChristianOahu (HI)IsseiHonolulu Immigration Station
Sand Island [XXX-Dec. 25, 1941]
released on 12/25, 1941Furuya pp. 18, 37
80
GotōTarōChristian (Methodist)San Francisco, CAPine Methodist Church1972IsseiTanforan Assembly [May 1942]
Topaz [Sept. 1942+Nov. 1942-XXX]
released to Denver (after beating)
Florin Japanese United Methodist Church [postwar]
Blankenship p. 140; Chen/Morizono pp. 78-79, 144, 189-190; Hayashi pp. 94, 110, 119; Ogden pp. 72-73; Suzuki pp. 19-20, 60-61, 65, 108, 170, 172, 175, 177-178, 185, 192; Suzuki 2 pp. 67, 69, 71; Taylor p. 156; Wertheimer p. 169; http://www.sacjumc.com/History%20of%20SJUMC.pdf
81
HamadaMitsue YoshikamiNishiPearl City, Oahu (HI) [from 1937]Pearl City Hongwanji Mission [estb 1906]19071987Nisei (F)
NOT INTERNED - served Hawaii Nishi Hongwanji Betsuin [1941-1946]
Doki p. 61; HHM p. 43; Moriya p. 99; Tabrah p. 62
Born Kahului, Hawai’i
Chūō Bukkyō Gakuin [graduated 1929]
Kyoto Josen University [graduated 1933]
Wailuku Hongwanji [1934-1937]
received “tokudo” and “kyōshi” in 1934; female Hawaii Nisei minister married to another nisei minister, Rev. Egen Yoshikami
82
HanadaTessuiJōdoO'okala, Big Island (HI)Hawaii O'okala Kyōkaijo [estb 1921]IsseiKilauea Military Camp Sand Island [Ship #2]Santa FeFuruya p. 199; Soga p. 231
83
HaradaKōjiTenrikyōPortland, ORTenrikyō Columbia ChurchIsseiPortland Jail [Dec. 1942]
http://www.foitimes.com/internment/Arrest30.pdf [has Kozi instead of Kōji]
84
HaraguchiStephenChristian (Holiness)Hilo, Big Island (HI)Hilo Holiness ChurchNiseiNOT INTERNEDSugimura II p. 93
85
HarataniIwakichiChristian (Methodist)Livingstone, CALivingstone Methodist Church1887IsseiMerced Assembly [1942]Amache
San Francisco, San Jose, Loomis, and others [postwar]
Chen/Morizono pp. 35, 154, 175; Suzuki pp. 85, 211; Suzuki 2 p. 70
Japanese Methodist Episcopal Church of San Jose [1927-1928]
86
HasegawaKenryūNishiHilo, Big Island (HI) [from 1940]Hilo Hongwanji Betsuin [estb 1924]19121977IsseiKilauea Military Camp Sand Island [Ship #2]mainland camps
Japan [1945-1952]; Pahala Hongwanji [1952-1958]
Waialua Hongwanji [1958-1965]; Hawaii Nishi Hongwanji Betsuin [1965-1969]
Wahiawa Hongwanji [1969-1973]; Honolulu [1973-1977]
HHM p. 47; Soga p. 232; Tanabe p. 158
Born Futami-gun, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan
Hilo Hongwanji Betsuin [1941 onwards]
87
HashimotoYasushi (Harry)Christian (Holiness)Issei?Amache [1942-spring 1943]
Released to Chicago [spring 1943]
Chicago Holiness Church [postwar]San Diego Congregationalist Church [postwar]
Sugimura II pp. 89, 93; Suzuki pp. 211, 214-215 [Suzuki has Harry]; http://kuzuharalibrary.com/tables/table_13.html
88
HashimotoHideoChristian (Methodist)Fresno, CAFresno Japanese Methodist ChurchNiseiFresno Assembly [1942]JeromeMinidokaTule LakeLewis and Clark professor [postwar]
Blankenship p. 35; Hessel pp. 130-132; Howard p. 162; Ogden p. 66; Matsumoto pp. 22-25, 30-31, 59-60; Suzuki pp. 81-82, 297, 300, 302-303, 305, 308, 310; Suzuki 2 p. 67
89
HashimotoMasaharuTenrikyōLos Angeles, CATenrikyō Church of Los Angeles [estb 1927]IsseiTuna Canyon Detention CenterFort LincolnLordsburgSanta FeSeabrook farms (NJ) [postwar]Japan [postwar forcibly repatriated]Ama II p. 46; Soga pp. 91, 110
Bishop of Tenrikyō North America
90
HashimotoShōzōChristian (Baptist)Seattle, WASeattle Japanese Baptist Church [estb 1899]IsseiPuyallup Assembly [May 1942]Minidoka [1942-Nov. 1943]Tule Lake [Nov. 1943-XXX]Toyooka Church, Japan [postwar]
Andrews I pp. 24-25; Blankenship pp. 144-145; Fiset II p. 14; Masuyama p. 172; Suzuki pp. 52-53, 164-165, 195
91
HataShōkichi
Christian (Presbyterian)
Stockton, CACalvary Presbyterian Church of StocktonIssei?RohwerSuzuki pp. 279, 294
92
HataTaiganNishi (Independent)Oakland, CA [from 1927]Kyūdōkai Mission Church [estb 1927]18891968Issei
Vacaville, CA from Oakland where they lived in a restricted area near a waterway [February 1942-May 1942]
Turlock Assembly [May 1942-July 1942]
Gila River [July 1942-1945]Richmond, CA branch of BCA [1945-XXX]
Ama IV pp. 143, 163-165, 259; BCA I pp. 120, 191, 236; BCA II pp. 63-64, 263, 308, 351, 389; Masuyama pp. 6-7, 144-145, 149-150; Spencer pp. 3-4, 7, 23; Suzuki pp. 68, 265, 267; http://www.buddhistchurchofoakland.org/BCOhistory.htm
Born XXX, Saga Prefecture, Japan [Genkōji Temple, Saga Prefecture]
San Francisco Nishi Hongwanji Temple [1913-1914]
Vacaville Buddhist Temple [1914-1918]
Japan [1918-1922] - studied under Akagarasu and influenced by Higashi teaching
Oakland Buddhist Church [1923-1926] - dismissed by BMNA in 1926
Oakland Kyūdōkai [1927-1941]
93
HayakawaSakaeChristianBerkeley, CAPacific School of Religion (student)IsseiTanforan Assembly [1942]TopazRohwerJapan [1943 exchange ship]Suzuki pp. 60, 62, 172, 176, 178, 279
94
HayashiFrancis M.Christian (Methodist)Portland, OREpworth Japanese Methodist ChurchIssei
Portland Assembly Center [May 6, 1942+June 1942]
Minidoka [Dec. 1942]Tule Lake?released to Minneapolis
Japanese Methodist Episcopal Church of San Jose [1953-1966, 1971-1973]
Chen/Morizono pp. 35, 41, 51, 53-56, 73, 141-142, 157, 163, 175, 189, 196; Kodachi pp. 153, 167; Suzuki pp. 21, 56, 167, 195-197, 200-201, 362
95
HayashiMeishunJōdoKo'olau, Kauai (HI)Ko'olau Jōdoshū Kyōkaidō [estb 1910]1905IsseiKalaheo StockadeSand IslandKoloa Jōdoshū Kyōkaidō [postwar]
Furuya pp. 199, 220 [though misspelled as Kyushichi for Meishun]; Soga p. 169 [though misspelled as Kyushichi for Meishun]
96
HayashiToranosukeChristianIsseiMinidoka [1942-XXX]Magden p. 144
97
HayashimaDaitetsuNishiLos Angeles, CA [from 1937]
Los Angeles Honpa Hongwanji Betsuin [estb 1905]
19081967IsseiLordsburg [1942]
Santa Fe [July 1943-Feb. 1, 1944]
Heart Mountain [Feb. 2, 1944-1944]
Rohwer [1944-1945]
Los Angeles Honpa Hongwanji Betsuin [postwar]
Rinban of Betsuin Born 1956-62
Akahoshi; Ama p. 4; BCA I pp. 130, 209, 322; BCA II pp. 115, 240, 242, 390; Howard p. 162; Masuyama pp. 12-13, 21, 123-124, 164, 180-181, 188-189; Suzuki p. 279; Tana [July 26, 1942 entry]
Born XXX, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan [Senshōji, Hokkaido]
Los Angeles [from 1937 onwards]
98
HidaSenshōNishi
Pauwela, Maui (HI) [from Aug. 1941]
Pauwela Hongwanji Mission [estb 1914]19101970IsseiHaiku Internment CampSand Island [Ship #5]Lordsburg [1942]
Santa Fe [July+Aug. 1943-Mar. 4, 1944]
Jerome [Mar. 1944-Jan. 1945] (paroled to join family)
Santa Fe [Jan. 1945-Oct. 1945]
Hawaii Nishi Hongwanji Betsuin [Oct. 30, 1945-1946]; Honomu Hongwanji [1946-1956]; Lahaina Hongwanji [1956-1965]
Los Angeles Hongwanji Betsuin [1965-1970]
BCA I pp. 135; BCA II pp. 143, 390; Furuya p. 199; HHM p. 48; Masuyama pp. 25-27, 123-124, 131, 169; Soga pp. 148, 232 [though misspelled as Sensei]; Suzuki p. 298
Born Kure, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan [Kankiji, Nara Prefecture]
Hawaii Nishi Hongwanji Betsuin [1940]
Hilo Hongwanji [1940-1941]
99
HideshimaRikimatsuKonkōkyōSeattle, WAKonko Church of Seattle [estb 1928]1899IsseiFort Missoula [Dec. 1941-Mar. 1942]Fort Sill [Mar. 1942-XXX]Crystal City [Jan. 1945]
Fiset II p. 14; Fukuda p. 12; Yamabe/Morita (misspelled as Hidejima)
100
HigaIsseiGila RiverSuzuki p. 268
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