ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZAAABACADAEAFAGAHAIAJAKALAMANAOAPAQAR
1
State Election Administration Deadlines
2
Stanford-MIT Healthy Elections Project
Compiled by: Ali Bloomgarden and Garrett Jensen, with Arushi Gupta, Jesse Lazarus, Alexandra Popke, Mikaela Pyatt, Ashley Richards, and Matthew Waltman
Last Updated: November 4, 2020
3
Note: Asterisk (*) indicates information learned from phone interview with an election official.
Obelisk (†) indicates dates calculated from statutory deadlines.
4
StateBattlegroundElection Office NameVoter Registration Deadline (days before election)
Note: Many States do not specify whether mail in registration applications need to be received or postmarked by the deadline. We assume that if it is not specified, the State intends for the registration to be received by this deadline.
Voter Registration Deadline (date)Pending litigation potentially affecting the voter registration deadline for the General Election? (as of October 27, 2020)
Note: For more up-to-date litigation, please see the
COVID-Related Election Litigation Tracker.
Can Any Voter Request an Absentee/Mail Ballot?Absentee/Mail Ballot Application Can BeginAbsentee/Mail Ballot Application Received by Election Office Deadline (date)Absentee/Mail Ballot Mailing Out (days before election)Absentee/Mail Ballot Mailing Out (date) Absentee/Mail Ballot Postmark By Deadline (days before election)Absentee/Mail Ballot Received by Mail by Election Jurisdiction Deadline (days after election)Absentee/Mail Ballot Received by Election Jurisdiction Deadline (date)Pending litigation potentially affecting mail ballot deadlines for the General Election (applying, receiving, postmark)? (as of October 27, 2020)
Note: For more up-to-date litigation, please see the COVID-Related Election Litigation Tracker.
Early Vote Start and End DateNew York Times: "Do those who request a mail ballot but vote in person instead cast a provisional ballot?" (as of October 27, 2020)New York Times: Absentee/Mail Ballot Pre-Processing Can Begin Date (as of October 26, 2020)Absentee/Mail Ballot Processing (scanning, Sig Verification) Can Begin (days before election)Absentee/Mail Ballot Processing (scanning, Sig Verification) Can Begin (date)How Does This State Verify the Identity of a Voter on an Absentee/Mail Ballot? (i.e. signature verification, signature presence, number of witnesses, notary)Absentee/Mail Ballot Signature Cure Deadline (days after election)Absentee/Mail Ballot Signature Cure Deadline (date)Absentee/Mail Ballot Tabulation Can Begin (days before election)Absentee/Mail Ballot Tabulation Can Begin (date)New York Times: Absentee/Mail Ballot Tabulation Can Begin Date (as of October 26, 2020)New York Times: Timing of Results (as of October 27, 2020)New York Times: Type of Ballots Reported First (as of October 27, 2020)Absentee/Mail Ballot Canvass Deadline (days after election)Absentee/Mail Ballot Canvass Deadline (date)Absentee/Mail Ballot State Presidential Certification Deadline (days after election)Absentee/Mail Ballot State Certification Deadline (date)Secrecy Sleeve State?All-Mail Voting State? Prepaid envelopes state prepaid, county dependent, or voter prepaid on VBM return envelopes (within US)Drop Box Available in at least 1 city/county? Commentary on Drop Box availabilityCan voters drop off completed ballots at in-person early voting sites?Can voters drop off completed ballots at polling places on Election Day?Can voters drop off completed ballots at other locations (including election offices, court houses, and so on)? Who can drop off a Ballot on behalf of the voter?Is there a statewide ballot tracking service?If so, what entity provides it?
5
AlabamaSecretary of StateIn Person: 15 days before Election Day
By Mail:
15 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online:
15 days before Election Day
In Person: October 19, 2020 at 5:00pm*
By Mail: October 19, 2020 (postmarked)*
Online: October 19, 2020*
N/A as of October 27, 2020Covid exceptionNo statutory start date.*In Person/By Mail: October 29, 2020 at 5:00pm*45 to 55 daysBegins September 9, 20201 day0 days by 12:00pm*In Person: November 2, 2020 by 5:00pm*
Mail: November 3, 2020 at 12:00pm*
N/A as of October 27, 2020September 9, 2020 to October 29, 2020
Can vote absentee in person at the absentee office beginning 55 days before Election Day*
Yes, reviewed laterOn Election DayNoon on Election Day*November 3, 2020 at 12:00pm*Notary or two witnesses over 18; does not verify signaturesNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure processFor this year, tabulation begins on Election Day at 7:00am. Previously, tabulation began at noon on Election Day.*November 3, 2020 at 7:00am*November 3, 2020The secretary of state has said to expect all unofficial results on election nightNo orderNoon on the second Friday after Election DayNovember 13, 2020 at 12:00pm*22 daysNovember 25, 2020NoNoVoter paidYesNo, Alabama does not permit early votingNoYes, voters can return their absentee ballot to their county's absentee election manager (list) by the day before the electionAccording to NCSL, no one other than the voter can deliver by mail or in-person a voter's ballotYesAlabama's Secretary of State (tool here)
6
AlaskaDivision of ElectionsIn Person: 30 days before Election Day
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 30 days before Election Day
In Person: October 4, 2020
By Mail: October 4, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 4, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredBy Fax: October 19, 2020
Online: October 19, 2020 at 8:00am
All registered voters over the age of 65 are automatically sent mail ballot applications.
By Mail: October 24, 2020
Online: November 2, 2020 by 5:00pm
25 daysBegins October 9, 20200 days10 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Fax: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 13, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 19, 2020 to November 2, 2020NoUpon receipt. October 9, 20207 daysOctober 27, 2020Signature presenceNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure processElection Day after 8:00pmNovember 3, 2020 after 8:00pm†November 10, 2020The only results reported on election night will be from in-person early voting through Oct. 29 and from the precincts on Election Day. No mail or other absentee ballots will be counted until about a week laterEarly in-person and Election Day ballots15 days or as as soon as possible after an electionNovember 18, 2020Not specifiedNovember 25, 2020 [Tentative]YesNoVoter paidYesThere are at least four drop box locations (in Anchorage, Fairfax, Soldotna, and Wasilla)Yes, voters can drop off at any early voting location. They open 15 days prior to election day. Exact locations and times are available hereYes, completed ballots can be dropped-off at any voting location per the Alaska elections websiteYes, according to the SOS, completed ballots can be dropped-off any Division of Elections officeA friend, relative or associate can transfer the absentee ballot to the U.S. Postal Service or a private commercial delivery service for delivery to the division of elections. For those unable to vote in person because of age, illness or disability, a personal representative can pick up, assist in marking and return an absentee ballotYesAlaska's Division of Elections (tool here)
7
ArizonaXSecretary of StateIn Person: 29 days before Election Day, or on the next immediate business day if the deadline falls on a legal holiday or weekend.
By Mail:
29 days before Election Day (postmarked) or on the next immediate business day if the deadline falls on a legal holiday or weekend.
Online:
29 days before Election Day
In Person: October 15, 2020
By Mail: October 15, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 15, 2020

UPDATE: The voter registration deadline for the General Election has been extended to 11:59 p.m. on October 15, 2020 by a court order. All voter registration forms must be received by that time.
Mi Familia Vota v. HobbsNo excuse requiredAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications. Voters can apply to be on the Permanent Early Voting List (PEVL) any time until deadline, OR can request one-time mail ballots 93 days before the election, starting August 2.*In Person/By Mail/Online/By Email: October 23, 2020 by 5:00pm24 to 27 daysBegins October 7, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pmN/A as of October 27, 2020October 7, 2020 to October 30, 2020Yes, reviewed later
Before Election Day. October 7, 2020
Upon receiptOctober 7, 2020
Arizona processes ballots as they are received. The processing date is approximately when officials begin mailing out ballots
Signature verification5th business day after Election DayNovember 10, 2020 by 5:00pm14 daysOctober 20, 2020October 20, 2020Officials are not predicting the share of ballots that will be reported by Wednesday. A new law allows officials to count mail votes starting two weeks before the election, so the first votes, typically reported at 10 p.m. Eastern, are likely to be relatively stronger for Mr. BidenEarly votes (in-person and mail ballots arriving before Election Day)20 daysNovember 23, 202027 days
(by fourth Monday after Election Day
; may be postponed for up to 30 days until all county results are received)
November 30, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesYes, there are drop boxes, which can be found on county websitesYes, voters can drop off their ballot at early voting locations in their county. These locations can be found on county websitesYes, according to the SOS, voters can drop off their ballot at an early voting location or Election Day voting location in their county on or before Election DayYes. Voters can drop off completed ballots at their county Recorder’s OfficeAccording to the NCSL, a family member, household member or caregiver can return an absentee ballot on behalf of a voterYesArizona Secretary of State (tool here). Note that Maricopa and Pima use independent systems. BallotTrax provides additional tracking services in Apache County and Navajo County
8
ArkansasSecretary of StateIn Person: 30 days before Election Day
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked); if this falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, then on the next day which is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.
Online: No online voter registration*
In Person: October 5, 2020*
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionNo statutory start date.*In Person by County Clerk Office: November 2, 2020 end of business day (depends on clerk office)*
By Mail/Fax/Email: October 27, 2020 by 11:59pm*
Varies by county; as soon as ballots are available. Many counties follow UOCAVA deadline of 46 days *Varies by county*0 days In Person to County Clerk: One day before Election Day*
By Mail:
Election Day
In Person to County Clerk: November 2, 2020 (closing hours vary by county)*
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 by 7:30pm*
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 19, 2020 to November 2, 2020
Hours: 8:00am-6:00pm Monday to Friday; 10:00am-4:00pm on Saturday; November 2, 2020 8:00am-5:00pm)*
Yes, reviewed on election night
Before Election Day. October 15, 2020
15 days (2020 specific) to coincide with beginning of Early Voting*October 19, 2020*Signature verificationNo notice and cure process; pending litigationNo notice and cure process; pending litigation8:30am on Election Day*November 3, 2020 at 8:30am*†November 3, 2020Officials estimate that nearly all votes will be reported by noon on WednesdayVaries by county, but early in-person votes often firstNo earlier than forty-eight hours after the election and no later than the fifteenth calendar day after the election November 18, 202020 daysNovember 23, 2020NoNoVoter paidNoLikely no, from this articleYes. According to the SOS, the early voting period is conducted at the county clerk's office (in most counties) and voters can return their ballot in person before Election DayNo. According to state code, "any person to whom an absentee ballot is delivered according to the precinct voter registration list but who elects to vote by early voting or to vote at his or her polling site on election day shall be permitted to cast a provisional ballot"Yes, according to state code, voters can return their ballot to their county clerk either in person by close of business the day before the election or by Designated Bearer or Authorized Agent by 7:30 p.m. on Election DayAccording to the NCSL, a designated bearer or authorized agent can obtain an absentee ballot on behalf of another voter and return it directly to the county clerk. The designated bearer must show a photo ID to the county clerk and sign an oath both when obtaining and returning an absentee ballotYesArkansas Secretary of State (tool here)
9
CaliforniaSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day (Conditional Voter Registration)
By Mail: 15 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 15 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 19, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 19, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.In Person/Mail: October 27, 202031 daysBegins October 5, 20200 days17 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 20, 2020 (received)
Fugazi v. PadillaOctober 5, 2020 to November 2, 2020Yes, in some counties, if voter does not surrender mail ballot. Reviewed later
Before Election Day. October 5, 2020
7 business daysOctober 23, 2020*†Signature verificationVoters have until 5:00pm 2 days prior to certification of the election (December 11, 2020) to provide a signature verification statementDecember 9, 2020 by 5:00pm8:00pm on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 at 8:00pmNovember 3, 2020Officials did not make a timing estimate but noted that all active registered voters were sent mail ballots, and that late-arriving mail ballots and provisional ballots would be counted over the following days and weeksMail ballots arriving before Election Day30 daysDecember 3, 202038 daysDecember 11, 2020NoYesState prepaidYesThere are dropbox locations in at least five counties (Madera, Sacramento, San Mateo, Nevada, and Napa)Yes, according to the SOS, voters can return the ballot to any polling place in their county before 8:00 p.m. on November 3, 2020, and voters can drop them off at early voting centers in the voter's countyYes, voters can bring their ballot to any polling place in their county between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. on Election DayYes. According to the SOS, voters can return ballots to their county elections officeAccording to the NCSL, a vote-by-mail voter who is unable to return the ballot can designate another person to return the ballotYes [Cal. Elect. Code
§ 3019.7]
BallotTrax provides statewide tracking services to all California voters, where its service is branded “Where’s My Ballot?”
10
ColoradoSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: 8 days before Election Day (received)
Online: 8 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 26, 2020 (received)
Online: October 26, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.N/A22 daysBegins October 9, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 at 7:00pm N/A as of October 27, 2020October 19, 2020 to November 2, 2020 (15 days)NoUpon receipt. October 9, 2020Upon receiptUpon receiptSignature verificationBy 11:59 p.m. MT 8 days after Election DayNovember 12, 2020 by 11:59pm MT (due to Veterans Day on November 11, 2020)15 daysOctober 19, 2020October 19, 2020Officials estimate that 75 percent to 80 percent of votes will be reported by midday Wednesday, depending on how many voters wait to return their ballot or decide to vote in person on Election DayNo order, most vote by mail22 daysNovember 25, 202027 daysNovember 30, 2020NoYesVoter paidYesVoters are encouraged to drop off ballots at designated drop-off locations, drop-box locations, or mail their ballots in time to be received by the county clerk before the polls closeAccording to the NCSL, there is early voting for at least 15 days prior to the electionYes, state election code says that "[a]n eligible elector who receives a mail ballot can cast the ballot at a voter service and polling center prior to election day," but comparable information is unavailable on the SOS website.Yes, voters can return their ballots to their local county elections officesAccording to the NCSL, any person of the elector's own choice or any duly authorized agent of the county clerk and recorder or designated election official can be designated to mail or deliver a mail ballotYes [C.R.S.A. § 1-7.5-207]BallotTrax provides statewide​ tracking services for Colorado voters—except for those in Denver County, who are serviced by BallotTRACE
11
ConnecticutSecretary of StateIn Person: 7 days before Election Day
By Mail: 7 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 7 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 27, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 27, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Covid exceptionAll active voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications. In Person/By Mail: November 2, 202031 daysBegins October 2, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pmN/A as of October 27, 2020No early voting periodNo
Before Election Day. October 20, 2020
Mail ballots may be opened Friday, October 30 at 5:00pm rather than the usual day of the election at 6:00am. The results still may not be released until the day of the election. October 30, 2020 at 5:00pmSignature presenceNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure processAt the discretion of each Registrar of VotersAt the discretion of each Registrar of VotersNovember 3, 2020Officials said it is impossible to predict when all votes will be reported, but for most towns, it will probably be earlier than the statutory deadline of 96 hours (Saturday)No order21 daysNovember 24, 202030 daysDecember 3, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesAccording to the SOS, voters can return the ballots via the secure drop box that the SOS has provided to each town. The secure drop box will likely be located outside of the town hallNo, according to a phone call with election officials. Voters can only return their ballots in person to the Town Clerk's office or drop boxes in front of town hallNo, according to a phone call with election officials. If an absentee ballot is not delivered by November 2nd, a voter would need to have their ballot voided and vote in-person on Election DayYes. According to the SOS, voters can return their ballots in person in the Town Clerk’s officeAccording to the NCSL, an absentee ballot can be returned by a voter’s “designee,” which includes a person who is caring for the applicant because of the applicant's illness or physical disability, including but not limited to, a licensed physician or a registered or practical nurse; a member of the applicant's family; or if no such person consents or is available, then a police officer, registrar of voters, deputy registrar of voters or assistant registrar of voters in the municipality in which the applicant residesYesConnecticut's Department of State (tool here)
12
DelawareDepartment of ElectionsIn Person: The fourth Saturday prior to Election Day (this year 24 days)
By Mail: The fourth Saturday prior to Election Day (this year 24 days)
Online: The fourth Saturday prior to Election Day (this year 24 days)
In Person: October 10, 2020
By Mail: October 10, 2020
Online: October 10, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications. In Person/Online: November 2, 2020 at 12:00pm No earlier than 60 daysBegins September 4, 20200 days0 daysBy Mail: November 3, 2020 at 8:00pm
In Dropbox: October 30, 2020*
League of Women Voters of Delaware v. Delaware Dep't of Elections No early voting periodNo
Before Election Day. October 4, 2020
Friday before Election DayOctober 30, 2020Signature presenceNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure processFriday before Election Day until close of polls on Election DayOctober 30, 2020 to November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm†November 3, 2020Officials estimate that more than 99 percent of votes will be reported by noon on WednesdayNo order2 daysNovember 5, 2020 by 10:00am2 daysNovember 5, 2020 by 10:00amNoNoState prepaidYesAccording to the state website, secure ballot drop boxes are available in each county office, as well as in the lobby of the Carvel State Office BuildingNo, according to the NCSL, Delaware has enacted early voting but it will not be in place until 2022No, ballots can not be dropped-off at polling places. This is specified on the state websiteYes, the state website indicates that voters can return their ballots to their county elections officeAccording to the NCSL, absentee voters must return their ballots by U.S. mail, by delivering it, or “causing it to be delivered” prior to the close of polls on Election Day. There is no explicit provision for an agent or designee to return an absentee ballot on behalf of a voterYes [15 Del. Code §
5526]
Delaware's Department of Elections (tool here)
13
District of ColumbiaBoard of ElectionsIn Person: Election Day, with proof of residency
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (received)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (received)
Online: October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.By Mail/Fax/Email: October 19, 2020
Voters should only request an absentee ballot if ballot should be sent to address other than the voter's registered address.
The first week in OctoberThe first week in October0 days10 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail:
November 13, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 27, 2020 to November 2, 2020No, as long as the voter has not already mailed in a ballotUpon receiptSignatures can be verified and the secrecy envelope removed prior to tabulation. Exact timing not specified.Signatures can be verified and the secrecy envelope removed prior to tabulation. Exact timing not specified.Signature verification10 days after the election*November 13, 2020*After the polls close on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 at 8:00pm†October 5, 2020Officials did not have an estimate for the timing of resultsEarly in-person and processed mail ballots9 daysNovember 12, 202016 daysNovember 19, 2020 (Tentative date)NoYesState prepaidYesA list of drop-off boxes is available hereProbably yes. There is early voting in DC (In-person absentee voting available 15 days prior to an election, and early voting available 7 days prior to an election), and the DC code says that ballots can be brought to "any voting place, which would likely include early voting centersYes, DC code states that ballots can be brought to "any voting place" Yes, ballots can be dropped-off at the Board's office at any time before the close of the polls on Election Day according to DC codeA registered voter can apply for and return an emergency ballot through an authorized agent if the voter is unexpectedly unable to be present at the polls due to an illness or accident or the voter is serving on a sequestered jury on Election DayYesD.C.'s Board of Elections (tool here)
14
FloridaXDivision of ElectionsIn Person: 29 days before Election Day
By Mail:
29 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online:
29 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 5, 2020

Note: Deadline was extended to October 6, 2020 after the online voter registration website crashed on October 5, 2020.
Namphy v. DeSantisNo excuse requiredVoters can apply to vote by mail at any time. This application remains for 2 year cycles. Voters can renew cycle with a check mark on the mail ballot request form or call in.* All registered voters in Broward, Hillsborough, Miami-Dade, Palm Beach, Pinellas and Seminole counties are automatically sent mail ballot request applications. In Person/By Mail/Online/Telephone/Email/Fax: October 24, 2020 by 5:00pm
Online:
33 to 40 daysSeptember 24 – October 1, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm
(A 10 day extension exists only for overseas voters)
Grimes v. Fla. Department of StateRequired 10 days before and ending 3 days before. October 19, 2020 to November 1, 2020
8 total days mandatory (1017.657.1d) discretionary dates. October 24, 2020 - October 31, 2020.Each county Supervisor of Elections may offer more days of early voting from one or more of the following days: General Election: October 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 and November 1. Check with your county Supervisor of Elections for the additional days of early voting that may be offered in your county
Yes, if voter does not surrender mail ballot. Reviewed later
Before Election Day. September 24, 2020
Up to 40 days​, after the completion of a logic and accuracy​ (L&A) testSeptember 24, 2020Signature verification2 days*November 5, 2020 by 5:00pm*Up to 40 days, but date will vary by state. Processing and tabulation can occur at the same time if county passes systems checks, canvass board meeting is planned, and the public can participateSeptember 24, 2020 at the earliest, varies by county.* Due to Executive Order and only after completing appropriate systems checksNovember 3, 2020All early voting and previously tabulated mail ballots, which are likely to be relatively stronger for Mr. Biden, should be reported by 8:30 p.m. Eastern. Officials did not make a projection for the timing of full unofficial results, but they were allowed to process early-arriving mail ballots starting weeks before the electionEarly in-person and counted mail ballots12 days by noonNovember 15, 2020 by noon14 days by 9:00amNovember 17, 2020 by 9:00amYesNoCounty optionYesA vote-by-mail ballot can be dropped-off at designated secure drop boxes located at early voting sites during the election. Yes, a vote-by-mail ballot can be dropped-off at designated secure drop boxes located at early voting sites during the election. Voters can contact their local Supervisor of Elections or refer to their website for the locations of all the vote-by-mail ballot secure drop boxes in their countyNo, the supervisor of elections website specifies that voters cannot return their completed mail ballot to a polling placeIt depends on the county. The supervisor of elections website asks voters to "contact [their] local Supervisor of Elections or refer to their website for the locations"According to the NCSL, elector applying to cast a vote by mail ballot in the office of the supervisor, in any election, who requires assistance to vote by reason of blindness, disability, or inability to read or write can request the assistance of some person of his or her own choice, other than the elector's employer, an agent of the employer, or an officer or agent of his or her union, in casting his or her vote-by-mail ballotYes [F.S.A. § 101.62]Florida's Division of Elections (tool here) BallotTrax provides additional tracking in the following counties: Gulf, Holmes, Marion, Martin, Levy, Osceola, and Seminole. Ballot Scout provides services to Hillsborough County and Pasco County voters
15
GeorgiaSecretary of StateIn Person: 29 days before Election Day
By Mail: 29 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: The fifth Monday before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 5, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredMail ballots may be requested any time between 180 days prior to the election and the end of the business day on the Friday before Election Day. All registered voters in DeKalb County are automatically sent mail ballot applications.In Person/By Mail/Online/Fax: October 30, 2020No earlier than 49 daysBegins September 15, 2020; however, "absentee ballots shall be mailed out as soon as possible prior to the General Election"0 days0 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (received)
New Ga. Project v. RaffenspergerOctober 12, 2020 to October 30, 2020No. If a voter does not surrender a mail ballot, the voter can sign an affidavit and cast a regular ballotUpon receipt. September 15, 2020Signature verification conducted upon receiptOctober 19, 2020Signature verification3 daysNovember 6, 20207:00am on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 by 7:00am†November 3, 2020Officials did not provide an estimate but said that because of the large volume of mail ballots expected, it could take a couple of days for all of them to be scanned and countedNo orderMonday after the election (6 days)November 9, 202017 days by 5:00pmNovember 20, 2020 by 5:00pmYesNoVoter paidYesCounties are not required to have drop boxes. However, counties have the option to install absentee ballot drop boxes on county or municipal government property per the election codeNo. The SOS indicates that all registered voters are eligible to vote absentee in person beginning the 4th Monday prior to the election. Voters can "absentee vote" by filling out an application and ballot at an early voting center. However, according to a phone call with election officials, voters cannot hand completed ballots to poll workers. Instead, they can only drop off a ballot if the voting site has a drop boxNo. According to a phone call with election officials, voters cannot hand completed ballots to poll workers. Instead, they can only drop off a ballot if the voting site has a drop box.Yes, voters can drop off their "mail-in" ballot at any county registrar's office by close of polls on election day per the SOS voting guideAccording to the NCSL, mailing or delivery can be made by the elector’s mother, father, grandparent, aunt, uncle, brother, sister, spouse, son, daughter, niece, nephew, grandchild, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, mother-in-law, father-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, or an individual residing in the household of such elector. The absentee ballot of a disabled elector can be mailed or delivered by the caregiver of such disabled elector, regardless of whether such caregiver resides in such disabled elector’s household. The absentee ballot of an elector who is in custody in a jail or other detention facility can be mailed or delivered by any employee of such jail or facility having custody of such electorYesGeorgia's Secretary of State (tool here) BallotTrax also provides statewide tracking services to Georgia voters
16
HawaiiOffice of ElectionsIn Person: 30 days before Election Day, extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday; if the voter missed the voter registration deadline, the voter can still register to vote and cast a ballot at the same time during early voting at early walk-in locations or on Election Day at the voter's polling place.
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked), extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 30 days before Election Day, extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
In Person: November 3, 2020 at voter service centers
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 5, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.In Person: October 27, 2020 at 4:30pm30 daysCounty of Hawaii: Begins October 7, 2020
County of Maui: Begins October 8, 2020
County of Kauai: Begins October 9, 2020
County and City of Honolulu: Begins October 5-6, 2020
All begin to receive October 16, 2020
0 days0 days
In Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm*
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 20, 2020 to November 3, 2020 at 7:00pmNoUpon receipt. October 16, 2020Upon receiptUpon receipt*Signature verification5 business daysNovember 10, 2020*†10 days*October 24, 2020*November 3, 2020Votes are released in three stages, with early mail ballots at midnight Eastern, in-person votes at 3 a.m. Eastern and a final report later. Officials estimate that 95 percent to 99 percent of votes will be reported as of WednesdayMail ballots processed up to Election Day20 days*November 23, 2020 by 4:30pm*
4:30pm on the last day in the month of the election
November 30, 2020 by 4:30pm†
YesYesState prepaidYesDrop box locations are regulated by county and can be found hereYes, voters can return their ballots to the Voting Services Centers which open prior to election day. Voting centers serve as early voting places, as wellYes, according to state election code, voters can drop off ballots at any polling place within the county in which the voter is registered and deposited by a precinct official in the ballot box before the closing of the polls on any election dayYes, voters can drop off their ballots to the Clerk's OfficeNot specifiedYesHawaii's Office of Elections (tool here)
17
IdahoSecretary of State Elections DivisionIn Person: 24 days before Election Day; if the voter missed this deadline, the voter may also register on Election Day (voter must show proof of residence to register at the polls on Election Day).
By Mail: 25 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 25 days before Election Day
In Person: October 9, 2020 at 5:00pm
By Mail: October 9, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 9, 2020 at midnight
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredNovember 4, 2019*In Person/By Mail: October 23, 2020 by 5:00pmNo later than 30 daysBegins October 5, 2020 (absentee ballot requests)
Begins October 12, 2020 (to all existing vote-by-mail precincts)
0 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pmN/A as of October 27, 2020October 19, 2020 (for those counties that choose to conduct early voting)
October 30, 2020 end date (14 days)
NoUpon receipt. October 5, 2020Upon receiptUpon receiptSignature verificationNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure processAfter the polls close on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 at 8:00pm†November 3, 2020Officials estimate that nearly all votes will be reported by noon on WednesdayNo order10 daysNovember 13, 2020second Wednesday in DecemberDecember 8, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesAccording to a phone call with election officials, most counties in Idaho have drop boxes availableYes. According to a phone call with election officials, voters can either drop off their ballot to the County Clerk or to early voting sites. During COVID-19, the County Clerk drop-off method is preferredYes, according to a phone call with election officials. They must be received by 5 pm on Election DayAccording to the voter guide, voters can drop off their ballot to the County Clerk by 8 p.m. on Election DayNot specifiedYesIdaho's Secretary of State (tool here)
18
IllinoisState Board of ElectionsIn Person: 27 days before Election Day, after which a voter may register during the early voting period through Election Day.
By Mail: 28 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 16 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 6, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 18, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredJune 16, 2020. All registered voters who voted in Illinois in the 2018 General Election, the 2019 municipal election, or the March 17 primary election, as well as to anyone who registered to vote or updated their address after the primary election are automatically sent mail ballot applications.
In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail: October 29, 2020
Online: October 29, 2020
40 days*Begins September 24, 20200 days14 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmark) and November 17, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020September 24, 2020 to November 2, 2020Yes, if voter does not surrender mail ballot. Counted within two weeksUpon receipt. September 24, 2020Upon receiptUpon receiptSignature verification14 daysNovember 17, 20207:00pm on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 at 7:00pm†November 3, 2020Officials did not have an estimate, saying that timing will depend on when voters return their ballots. The number of mail ballots that have not yet been returned will be reported hereEarly in-person and processed mail ballots21 daysNovember 24, 202031 daysDecember 4, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesAt least some counties will have drop boxes available according to this articleYes, drop Boxes available at early voting sites (at least in Chicago and some other counties)Yes, drop boxes will be at polling places in some countiesAccording to this article, voters can drop off their ballots at the office of the election authorityAccording to NCSL, a voter can permit any other person to deliver their absentee ballot; if the voter is physically incapacitated, an employee of the election facility where the voter is located can deliver the ballot. In both cases, there is an authorization on the ballot that names and authorizes a person other than the voter to deliver the ballotFor military and overseas voters onlyThe Illinois State Board of Elections offers ballot
tracking
to military and overseas voters pursuant to the MOVE Act, but does not provide a statewide tracking service open to all Illinois voters. However, some jurisdictions have adopted local tracking tools. BallotTrax offers tracking services in the following counties: DuPage, Kane, McHenry, Ogle, and Peoria. Ballot Scout offers tracking services in Macoupin County. Some county clerk's offices provide local tracking tools, as in Cook County and Wills County. Illinois voters should contact their local elections officials to learn more about available services
19
IndianaSecretary of State Elections DivisionIn Person: 29 days before Election Day
By Mail: 29 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 29 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020 by close of business hours
By Mail:
October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 5, 2020 by 11:59pm
N/A as of October 27, 2020Excuse requiredFor the general election, the first date a person can apply is 14 days after the primary for each election.*In Person/By Mail/Fax/Email: October 22, 2020 at 11:59pm45 days to 50 daysSeptember 14, 2020 to September 19, 20200 days10 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 by noon (received deadline after Court reversal of 10 day receipt deadline due to COVID-19)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 6, 2020 to November 2, 2020
October 24, 2020 and October 31, 2020 for at least 7 hours (unless less than 20,000 than as little as 4 hours for absentee voting)*
In some situationsUpon receipt. September 19, 2020Upon receipt. Different times depending on if they use electronic poll books, county can begin in process as soon as they have done the testing/updates.Upon receiptSignature verification10 daysNovember 13, 2020, pending litigation Frederick et al v. Lawson et al6:00am on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 at 6:00am†November 3, 2020Officials say the speed of counting will depend on the volume of absentee ballots, and that a more complete picture of results may not be available for several days after the electionNo order14 days*
(2nd Tuesday after the election)
November 17, 2020 by noon*21 days
(3rd Tuesday after the election)
November 24, 2020 by noonNoNoState prepaidNo There are no drop boxes, according to a phone call with election officialsUsually no. In-person absentee voting is available in all counties starting 28 days prior to the election, but most counties require completed ballots to instead be hand-delivered to the county election board (according to a phone call with election officials). However, some counties have included early voting elections as an extension to that policy, so it depends on the rules of the countyUsually no, although it is up to each county to determine the rules (according to a phone call with election officials)Yes, according to the SOS, voters can drop off a voted absentee ballot to the county election boardAccording to NCSL, a member of the voter's household or a designated attorney of the voter can deliver the completed ballot on behalf of the voter.YesIndiana's Secretary of State (Voter Portal tool here)
20
IowaSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: Postmarked 15 days before Election Day or received 10 days before Election Day
Online: 10 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 24, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 24, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse required120 days before the election (July 7, 2020). A mail ballot must be requested for each election.* All active voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications (some counties are mailing them to inactive voters as well).By Mail: October 24, 2020 by 5:00pm29 daysBegins October 5, 20201 day6 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 9:00pm
By Mail:
November 2, 2020 (postmarked) and November 9, 2020 by noon (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020No designated early voting periodYes, if voter does not surrender mail ballot
Before Election Day. October 31, 2020
1 dayNovember 2, 2020Signature presenceNo state notice and cure process. The voter may be notified to sign an affidavit by 5:00pm 3 days prior to Election Day (Saturday before). The voter may also complete a replacement ballot postmarked by November 2, 2020, but this is not a standardized cure processNo state notice and cure process. The voter may be notified to sign an affidavit by 5:00pm 3 days prior to Election Day (Saturday before). The voter may also complete a replacement ballot postmarked by November 2, 2020, but this is not a standardized cure processElection Day, at a time set by the election commissioner to allow a reasonable amount of time to complete the count of absentee ballots by 10:00pm on Election DayNovember 3, 2020November 2, 2020Officials said they are confident they will have unofficial results "in a timely fashion like we do for every election"Absentee ballots likely firstMonday or Tuesday after the electionNovember 9, 2020 or November 10, 202027 daysNovember 30, 2020NoNoState prepaidTechnically yes, but limited by SOSThe Iowa SOS backed down from his original claim to prevent drop boxes, now saying that he will not be preventing county auditors from setting up drop boxes immediately outside their offices. They will still not be allowed "throughout the community." The official order is hereYes. Absentee voting in person is Iowa's version is early voting. According to the SOS, voters can absentee vote in-person at county auditor's office 29 days prior to election. In addition, voters can drop off completed ballots at satellite locations and county auditor's office until 9 pm on Election Day, according to a phone call with election officialsNo. According to the SOS, if a voter attempts to drop off their voted absentee ballot at a polling place, the ballot will have to be surrendered. The voter can then fill out a regular ballot at the polling placeYes, according to state election code, the sealed return envelope can be dropped-off at the commissioner’s office no later than the time the polls are closed on election dayBallots can be delivered by the registered voter, by the voter’s designee, or by the special precinct election officials per the state election codeYes [I.C.A. § 53.17A]Iowa's Secretary of State (tool here)
21
KansasSecretary of StateIn Person: 21 days before Election Day
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: October 13, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (postmarked)
Online
: October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse required90 days before an election. A voter must write the exact date of the upcoming election on the form.* All active voters in Douglas, Johnson and Sedgwick counties are automatically sent advance mail ballot applications.By Mail: October 27, 202020 days*Begins October 14, 20200 days3 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 6, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 14, 2020 (20 days before election optional)
October 27, 2020 (required)
Ends November 2, 2020 at noon*
Yes, reviewed between November 9 and November 17Upon receipt. October 14, 2020Prior to Election Day. Exact timing not specifiedCounty determination before Election DaySignature verificationBefore the final county canvass. Latest is 13 days after Election Day*November 16, 2020, before final county canvass*Ballots may be counted prior to Election Day, but final tabulation shall not be completed until Election Day*November 3, 2020 after 7:00pm*November 3, 2020Officials said they could not speculate on the timing of results but noted that the state did not experience systematic delays in its Aug. 4 primaryTypically early in-person and some mail votes13 days*November 16, 2020*28 days
(First day of December)
December 1, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesNew in 2020 (some counties)Yes. According to the SOS, voters can advance vote in person at county election offices or satellite voting locations up to 20 days before an election. For the 2020 election, counties can begin in-person advance voting on October 14. According to phone calls with Cheyenne County and Clark County election officials, voters can drop off ballots at their respective election officesYes, according to the Kansas Democratic party, absentee ballots can be dropped-off any polling place prior to polls closing on election day. A phone call with Clark County election officials confirms this policyYes, ballots can be dropped-off at the local election officeOnly the voter. The election code specifies that "no person other than the voter, shall knowingly mark, sign or transmit to the county election officer any advance voting ballot or advance voting ballot envelope"YesKansas Secretary of State (tool here). Ballot Scout provides additional tracking services in Douglas County
22
KentuckyState Board of ElectionsIn Person: 29 days before Election Day
By Mail: 29 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 29 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Onlin
e: October 5, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Covid exceptionJuly 22, 2020. Due to COVID-19, the state created an online portal for requests to vote absentee for the Primary and General Elections. A new request must be made each election.*In Person: October 27, 2020 by close of business (varies)
By mail: October 27, 2020 by close of business
Online: October 9, 2020 by 11:59pm*
September 15, 2020 to September 22, 2020*Begins September 15, 20200 days3 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) November 6, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 13, 2020 to November 2, 2020 (can vary by county)
(reg on Saturdays, one day must be Saturday, could not offer it on Wednesday, 6 days per week
NoBefore Election Day43 daysSeptember 21, 2020Signature verification (2 witness spaces only if the voter signs with a mark instead of a signature)6 daysNovember 9, 2020After the polls are closed at 6:00pm on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 after 6:00pmOctober 1, 2020Officials said they could not speculate on the timing of complete results. Counties have been instructed to report all in-person votes and mail ballots arriving by 6 p.m. by midnight on election nightNo order3 days
(Friday after election)
November 6, 2020 by noon
(Note that the cure deadline is after this deadline)
20 days
(3rd Monday after the election)
November 23, 2020YesNoState prepaidYesNew in 2020No. Although early voting begins on Oct. 13, "early voting is not absentee voting" and will only be used for in-person voting. Absentee ballots cannot be hand deliveredNo, according to the Mail-In Absentee Ballot instructions, absentee ballots can not be hand delivered unless designated as a Medical Emergency ballotNo. Drop boxes will be available at county clerks offices, but voters cannot drop absentee ballots off at the offices otherwiseAccording to the NCSL, any person assisting another in voting by use of absentee ballot shall complete a voter assistance formYesKentucky's Secretary of State (tool here)
23
LouisianaSecretary of State Elections and VotingIn Person: 30 days before Election Day
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 20 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Excuse requiredMust be done within a calendar year. As of September 16, 2020, all registered voters in Louisiana may use one of 5 COVID-19 related reasons to request an absentee ballot.In Person/By Mail/Fax: October 30, 2020*45 days, mailing will happen 45th day onward, but some parishes can mail them earlierBegins September 18, 2020 R.S. 18:1308 2(A)1 day-1 dayIn Person/By Mail: November 2, 2020 by 4:30pm*N/A as of October 27, 2020October 16, 2020 to October 27, 2020
(Extended due to Harding v. Edwards, 2020)
14 days
No
Before Election Day. November 2, 2020
Day before Election Day in a parish with 1,000 or more absentee ballots
Prior to the closing of polls on Election Day in a parish with less than 1,000 absentee ballots
November 2, 2020 in a parish with 1,000 or more absentee ballots and November 3, 2020 in a parish with less than 1,000 absentee ballotsSignature required by voter and one witness which is then compared to a list of names permitted to vote by mail.*No notice and cure processNo notice and cure processOn Election Day no later than 8:00pmNovember 3, 2020
Must be sequestered to start tabulation before 8:00pm
November 3, 2020No timing estimates providedNo order5 days*November 9, 2020 by 4:00pm*30 daysDecember 3, 2020NoNoVoter paidYesAccording to a phone call with election officials, some parishes did opt to have drop boxes, and it is up to the discretion of each parish. It doesn't seem to be the case. The SOS specifically lists ways to return a ballot, and at an early voting center or polling place is not one of themIt doesn't seem to be the case. The SOS specifically lists ways to return a ballot, and at an early voting center or polling place is not one of themYes, voters can drop off their voted ballot at the registrar of votersAccording to the SOS, a voter or their family member can hand deliver a voter's ballot to the registrar of votersYesLouisiana's Secretary of State (link here)
24
MaineBureau of Corporations, Elections and CommissionsIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: 15 business days before Election Day (received)
Online: N/A
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 19, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse required3 months before Election Day*Online/By Phone: October 29, 2020 by 5:00pm30 daysBegins October 5, 20200 days0 daysNovember 3, 2020 by 8:00pm*Alliance for Retired Americans v. DunlapOctober 5, 2020 to October 30, 2020NoUpon receipt. October 27, 20204 daysOctober 30, 2020†Signature verification0 days*November 3, 2020*After the polls close on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 after 8:00pm†November 3, 2020Officials are not expecting delays processing mail ballots unless most absentee voters wait until Election Day to return themNo order5:00pm on the 2nd business day after an electionNovember 5, 2020 by 5:00pm†20 daysNovember 23, 2020NoNoVoter paidYesNew in 2020 (some counties), at Municipal officesNo. According to the SOS, there is both early voting (a time period before an election during which voters have the opportunity to cast a ballot at a designated voting place within their municipality) and in-person absentee voting (where voters can also fill out and submit an absentee ballot in person at your town or city clerk's office). However, voters can only drop off their completed ballots to their town clerk's office or via their town's ballot drop box, according to an email from an election official. If the in-person absentee voting site is at an "offsite location" (i.e., not at the town office), voters are not permitted to drop off their completed ballot thereNo. The SOS states that voters can drop off their ballots to their municipal offices. According to an email from an election official, voters can only drop off their completed ballots to their town clerk's office or via their town's ballot drop box (but not otherwise at a polling place)Yes, voters can drop off ballots to their municipal office (if available) no later than 8:00pm on Election DayAccording to the NCSL, absentee ballot return by a third person is permitted as long as the third person is not a candidate or a member of a candidate’s immediate familyYesMaine's Secretary of State (tool here)
25
MarylandMaryland Board of ElectionsIn Person: 21 days before Election Day. Voter may also register during early voting or on Election Day with proof of address.
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020
Online: October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters, who have not already applied, are automatically sent mail ballot applications.By Mail/Online/Fax: October 20, 202030 daysNo later than October 4, 2020 (at least 30 days before the election; note that this is different from the election code)0 days10 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 13, 2020 by 10:00am (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 26, 2020 to November 2, 2020Yes, reviewed beginning November 12Before Election Day33 daysOctober 1, 2020Signature presence10 days, second Friday after Election DayNovember 13, 2020*†33 daysOctober 1, 2020 at 8:00amOctober 1, 2020Officials said they could not estimate how many votes would be reported by noon on WednesdayEarly in-person and counted mail ballots10 daysNovember 13, 202035 daysDecember 8, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesDrop-off locations are available in every countyYes, voters can drop off their ballot to an early voting centerYes, voters can drop off ballots at election day vote centersYes, voters can drop off their ballots to their local board of electionsAccording to the NCSL, a qualified applicant can designate a duly authorized agent to pick up and deliver an absentee ballot. An agent of the voter under this section: must be at least 18 years old; can not be a candidate on that ballot; shall be designated in a writing signed by the voter under penalty of perjury; and shall execute an affidavit under penalty of perjury that the ballot was delivered to the voter who submitted the application; marked and placed in an envelope by the voter, or with assistance as allowed by regulation, in the agent's presence; and returned to the local board by the agentYes [COMAR 33.11.06.03]Maryland's Board of Elections (tool here)
26
MassachusettsSecretary of the Commonwealth Elections DivisionIn Person: 10 days before Election Day
By Mail: 10 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 10 days before Election Day
In Person: October 24, 2020
By Mail: October 24, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 24, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Covid exceptionAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications .By Mail/Email/Fax: October 28, 2020 by 5:00pmNo date for mailing in code. Printing and delivery to local jurisdictions must be completed 21 days before the electionOctober 13, 2020 (varies by county, rolling basis, could be earlier or later)0 days3 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 6, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 17, 2020 to October 30, 2020NoUpon receipt. October 5, 2020Upon receipt. (no record of what each community will do)*Upon receiptSignature verification0 days. The replacement ballot is counted if it's postmarked by Election Day and received by November 6, 2020*November 3, 2020 (postmarked),* November 6, 2020 (received)9 days (optional, by election jurisdiction)*October 25, 2020 (optional, by election jurisdiction)*October 25, 2020In recent elections, 97 percent of votes were reported by noon on Wednesday. Officials say they do not expect any changes to the number of precincts reporting this year but noted that ballots arriving on Election Day and after will be counted on or after November 6No order15 days*November 18, 2020*15 daysNovember 18, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesSome countiesYes, voters can drop off ballots at early voting locations during early voting hoursNo, voters cannot drop off ballots at a polling place on Election Day. Instead, they would be referred to the town or city clerk, because poll workers cannot accept a completed ballot, according to a phone call with election officialsYes, according to the SOS, ballots can be returned by mail or in person to voters' city/town hallAccording to the NCSL, a family member can deliver an absentee ballot on behalf of a voterYesMassachusetts Secretary of State (tool here)
27
MichiganXBureau of ElectionsIn Person: Election Day at your city or township clerk office. The voter registration deadline is 15 days before Election Day, if a voter submits an application form through a voter registration drive or delivers it to a county clerk or secretary of state office.
By Mail: 15 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 15 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020 at your city or township clerk office, otherwise October 19, 2020
By Mail:
October 19, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 19, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters were automatically sent mail ballot applications to vote by mail in the August Primary and November General Election.In Person: November 2, 2020 by 4:00pm (must complete mail ballot in the office)
By Mail: October 30, 2020 by 5:00pm
Online: October 30, 2020
45 daysBegins September 19, 20200 days*0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pmMichigan Alliance for Retired Americans v. Benson
Johnson v. Benson
RNC v. Benson
September 24, 2020 to November 2, 2020No. If a voter does not surrender a mail ballot, the voter can sign an affidavit to cancel it and cast a ballot that will be tabulated that day
Before Election Day. November 2, 2020
10 am the day before Election Day, but election clerks begin verifying signatures a​s soon as they receive absentee ballots.*November 2, 2020 at 10:00am, but election clerks begin verifying signatures a​s soon as they receive absentee ballots.*Signature verificationVoters can request and receive a new ballot by mail until 2:00pm on October 31, 2020 and in person at the clerk’s office until 4:00pm on November 2, 2020. Voters must spoil the ballot with the mismatched signature and request a new ballot. Some jurisdictions may allow voters to cure their original ballot, but there is no state law to that effectRequest and Receive New Ballot By Mail: October 31, 2020 by 2:00pm
Request and Receive new Ballot In Person at Clerk's Office: November 2, 2020 by 4:00pm
On Election Day. Before the polls close at the jurisdiction’s discretionNovember 3, 2020 after 8:00pm (can begin before the polls close at the jurisdiction’s discretion)*November 3, 2020Officials have said that full unofficial results could take until November 6. Processing of ballots does not begin until Election Day, or the day before the election in some jurisdictions. If there are a significant number of mail ballots outstanding at the end of election night, the reported totals could be relatively stronger for Mr. TrumpNo order14 daysNovember 17, 202020 daysNovember 23, 2020NoNoCounty optionYesYes, this link is supposed to take you to drop box locations if you click on "who is my clerk" and enter voter information. Yes. According to the SOS, Michigan's version of early voting is absentee in-person voting. The period for absentee in-person voting runs from Thursday, September 24, 2020 to Monday, November 2, 2020. However, according to a phone call with election officials, voters can only drop off ballots at the clerk's office of their specific jurisdictionNo. According to a phone call with election officials, voters must go to the clerk's office to vote absentee on Election Day. Alternatively, voters can surrender their absentee ballot and vote in-person on Election DayYes, according to the SOS, voters can also go to their city or township clerk’s office or drop box to return their absentee ballotAccording to NCSL, a member of the immediate family of the voter or a person residing in the voter’s household can deliver a ballot to the clerk for the voterYes [M.C.L.A. 168.764c]Michigan's Secretary of State (tool here). BallotTrax provides additional tracking in the City of Detroit, and Ballot Scout provides services to Delta Township, and select other Michigan counties. MI voters in the following jurisdictions, if their email or phone number is on file with the clerk, can also get ballot location updates via secure link from TrackMIBallot: Cannon Township Cascade Township, City of Grandville, City of Grand Ledge, City of Grand Rapids, Grand Rapids Township, City of Huntington Woods, City of Lansing, City of East Lansing, Oakfield Township, City of Rockford, City of Troy, and City of Walker. Other MI voters should contact their local election officials for more information
28
MinnesotaSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (received)
Online: 21 days days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (received)
Onlin
e: October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications.In Person/By Mail/Online: November 2, 202046 daysNo later than September 18, 20200 days7 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 3:00pm
By Mail: postmarked by November 3, 2020 and received by November 10, 2020
Carson et al v. SimonSeptember 18, 2020 to November 2, 2020NoUpon receipt. September 18, 2020Upon receiptUpon receiptSignature presence0 days. If an envelope has been rejected at least five days before the election, the voter will receive a replacement absentee ballot. If an envelope is rejected within five days of the election, an official will attempt to contact the voter by telephone or e-mail to notify the voter*November 3, 2020After the polls close on Election Day*November 3, 2020 after 8:00pm*November 3, 2020Officials expect to count and report close to 100 percent of votes cast on or before Election Day by noon Wednesday. Outstanding mail ballots will be reported on the secretary of state's websiteNo order10 daysNovember 13, 202021 days
(Third Tuesday after election)
November 24, 2020YesNoState prepaidYesNew in 2020, drive-thru (Minneapolis, at least one location)Yes. The early voting period runs from Sept 18 - November 2, and voters can drop off completed ballots at a clerk's office or early vote center (if available), according to a phone call with election officialsNo, the SOS specifically does not permit voters to drop off at polling places on election dayYes, voters can return their ballot in person no later than 3 p.m. on Election Day to the election office that sent the ballotAccording to NCSL, the voter can designate an agent to deliver in person the sealed absentee ballot return envelope to the county auditor or municipal clerk or to deposit the return envelope in the mailYes [Minnesota Rules, part 8210.0500]Minnesota's Secretary of State (tool here)
29
MississippiSecretary of StateIn Person: 30 days before Election Day
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: N/A
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
N/A as of October 27, 2020Excuse requiredSeptember 4, 2020. However, an excuse is required to vote-by-mail. Eligible excuses for mail-in absentee voting includes, but is not limited to, those with a temporary or permanent physical disability and those who are under a physician-imposed quarantine, or those who are caring for a dependent who is under a physician-imposed quarantine, due to COVID-19. A full list of excuses can be found here.No deadline*40 daysUpon receipt of an application, mail ballots will be mailed within one (1) business day, or a soon as the ballots are ready, to the voter.

All disabled voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, disabled voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot. Begins: September 24, 2020.

As of September 21, an official indicated that mail ballots would be starting to be mailed out "today and in the coming days."*
0 days7 daysBy Mail: November 10, 2020N/A as of October 27, 2020No early votingYes, reviewed during 10 days following electionNovember 3, 20200 daysNovember 3, 2020Signature verification and "official" witness requirement10 daysNovember 13, 2020After the polls close on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 after 7:00pm*November 3, 2020Officials estimate that 90 percent to 95 percent of votes will be reported by noon on WednesdayNo order10 daysNovember 13, 202030 days (31 days in 2020 due to Veteran's Day)12/4/2020NoNoVoter paidNoAccording to a phone call with election officials, there are no drop boxesAccording to Vote411, Mississippi does not hold early votingNo, state law prohibits hand delivery of ballots, including at polling placesNo, absentee ballots must be voted in a circuit clerk’s office, or mailed from the office to the voter and mailed back to the clerk once completed. State law prohibits hand-delivery of ballotsAccording to the county handbook, it is illegal to hand deliver absentee ballots in MississippiNo
30
MissouriSecretary of StateIn Person: 27 days before Election Day
By Mail:
27 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online:
27 days before Election Day
In Person: October 7, 2020
By Mail: October 7, 2020 (postmarked)
Onlin
e: October 7, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Covid exceptionNot specified; however, pursuant to §115.279 "all applications for absentee ballots received prior to the sixth Tuesday before an election shall be stored at the office of the election authority until such a time as the applications are processed in accordance with section 115.281."In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail/Fax: October 21, 2020
42 days (6th Tuesday before the election)No later than September 22, 2020 (115.281)0 days0 daysBy Mail: November 3, 2020 at 7:00pmAmerican Women v. Missouri
Org. for Black Struggle v. Ashcroft
No early votingNo
Before Election Day. October 29, 2020
5 daysOctober 29, 2020October 29, 2020No notice and cure process, pending litigation.No notice and cure process, pending litigationOn Election Day, after polls close, at same time as other paper ballotsNovember 3, 2020 after 7:00pm†November 3, 2020Officials estimate that more than 99 percent of votes will be reported by noon on WednesdayNo order14 days (second Tuesday after the election)November 17, 2020†35 days
(Second Tuesday in December)
December 8, 2020NoNoState prepaidNoIn Missouri, the Republican Secretary of State has ordered drop boxes previously in use in prior elections to be removed from public placesNo, according to the SOS, Missouri does not offer in-person early votingYes, according to this article, in some counties, voted absentee ballots can be dropped-off at polling placesAccording to this article, "absentee ballots" can be dropped-off or cast in-person at the county clerk or board of elections; "mail-in ballots" must be returned by mailAccording to the NCSL, an absentee ballot can be returned in person by a relative of the voter who is within the second degree of consanguinity or affinityRequired for military and overseas voters
[V.A.M.S. 115.924]
The Missouri Secretary of State provides ballot tracking for military and overseas voters pursuant to the MOVE Act, but does not provide a statewide tracking service open to all Missouri voters. However, at least one jurisdiction has adopted a tracking tool: St. Louis City recently launched a local tracking service. All other voters should contact their local election authority to confirm receipt of their ballot
31
MontanaSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: 8 days before Election Day (postmarked) and 5 days before Election Day (received)
Online: N/A
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 26, 2020 (postmarked) and October 29, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse required45 counties, containing 94% of Montana's registered voters, are automatically sending ballots to all registered voters. Therefore, voters in these 45 counties do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot. In the remaining 11 counties, voters can request a mail ballot without an excuse.In Person/By Mail: November 2, 2020 at 12:00pm (received) pursuant to Executive Order25 daysBegins October 9, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 at 8:00pmN/A as of October 27, 2020October 5, 2020 to November 2, 2020NoUpon receipt. October 9, 2020Signature verification conducted upon receipt. Three days before Election Day, election officials may open the secrecy envelope and place the ballot in a secured ballot box until tabulation occurs, but this process may not occur on a Saturday or SundayOctober 29, 2020 for counties with at least 8,000 registered or 5,000 absentee voters, or November 2, 2020 for smaller counties.Signature verificationVoters have until 8:00pm on Election Day to cure their ballotNovember 3, 2020 at 8:00pmOne day before Election Day, if using a vote-counting machine. Tabulation using a manual count may not begin until Election Day. Access to an electronic system containing early tabulation results is limited to the election administratorNovember 2, 2020 (by counting machine); November 3, 2020 (manual count)November 2, 2020Officials said they expect timely results from the counties. Most voters were sent mail ballotsTypically mail and other absentee ballots start to be reported first14 daysNovember 17, 202027 daysNovember 30, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesIn some countiesNo, Montana does not hold in-person early voting. Absentee voting is considered the same as early voting in MontanaYes, voters can drop their ballot off at any polling place in their county on Election Day according to state election codeYes, voters can drop off voted ballots or vote absentee in-person at their county elections officeAccording to NCSL, individuals authorized to transmit ballots on behalf of voters are an election official are U.S. postal service workers or other individual specifically authorized by law to transmit U.S. mail, a caregiver, a family member, a household member, or an acquaintanceYesMontana's Secretary of State (tool here)
32
NebraskaElections DivisionIn Person: 11 days before Election Day
By Mail: 18 days before Election Day (postmarked) and 14 days before Election Day (received) if there's an illegible postmark
Online: 18 days before Election Day
In Person: October 23, 2020 by 6:00pm*
By Mail: October 16, 2020 (postmarked). It must be received by October 19, 2020 if there is an illegible postmark.
Online: October 16, 2020 by 11:59pm*
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse required120 days prior to Election Day (July 6, 2020). Applicants can fill the form out online before this date, but it will not be accepted until this date.*
All registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.*
In Person: October 23, 2020*
By Mail: October 23, 2020 (received)*
35 daysBegins September 28, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm CT/7:00pm MTN/A as of October 27, 2020October 5, 2020 to November 2, 2020
35 Days Prior to Election Day (when ballots are mailed out)*
Yes, if the voter did not return the ballot or lost it. Reviewed within 10 daysUpon receipt. September 28, 2020Not earlier than the 2nd Monday before the election, the Early Voting Counting Board can convene to check envelopes with signatures and prepare ballots for counting. Ballots can be checked in anytime after they are mailed out, but they will not be processed until the 2nd Monday before Election Day*October 26, 2020*Signature verificationNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure processNo earlier than 24 hours prior to the opening of the polls, the Early Voting Counting Board may convene to begin counting early voting ballots*November 2, 2020 by 8:00am CT / 7:00am MT*November 2, 2020No details providedNo details provided20 days
(3rd Monday after election)
November 23, 202040 daysDecember 14, 2020NoNoVoter paidYesIn-Person: A voter can vote early in-person at their county election office for a period prior to an election (30 days prior to the general election). The day before the election is the last day to vote early in person. Drop-off: "All Early Voting ballots, whether personally delivered, delivered by agent, delivered by mail or other carriers must arrive at the county election official's office by the closing of the polls on Election Day (8:00 pm Central Time / 7:00 pm Mountain Time)"No, a voter cannot drop off completed ballots on Election Day Instead, they must drop them off at a county elections office, a drop box, or complete a provisional ballot instead at a polling site (according to a phone call with an election official)Yes, all 93 counties have drop-boxes outside their courthouses or election commission officesAn absentee voter can appoint an agentYesNebraska's Secretary of State (tool here)
33
NevadaSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day (with ID)
By Mail: 28 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 5 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 6, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 29, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots [pursuant to Assembly Bill 4 from the 32nd Special Session of the Nevada Legislature]. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.Voters do not need to request an absentee ballot to vote by mail in the 2020 General ElectionBallots will be mailed out in late September or early October. September 24, 2020 to October 14, 2020 (varies by county) 0 days7 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 10, 2020 (received). Ballots with a missing or illegible postmark will also be counted if they arrive by November 6, 2020.
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 17, 2020 to October 30, 2020No, as long as the voter has not already mailed in a ballotUpon receipt. September 24, 2020Signature verification conducted upon receipt. Ballots are placed in a secured ballot box, unopened until they are delivered to the central counting board. Processing cannot begin earlier than four business days before Election Day.No earlier than October 28, 2020Signature verification9 daysNovember 12, 2020 by 5:00pmCounting boards can begin their process of counting the returned absentee ballots, mailing ballots and mail ballots 15 days before the election.*October 19, 2020*October 19, 2020Officials said they did not know what share of votes would be reported by noon Wednesday. Ballots were mailed to all active registered votersNo order10 working daysNovember 18, 202021 days (fourth Tuesday in November)November 24, 2020NoYesState prepaidYesOnly some countiesYes, early voting is available to every voter. Early Voting and Ballot drop-off locations will be posted when they are made available by the County Clerks, usually in mid-September. Example Washoe county: "For this year’s General Election, all registered voters will be sent a ballot in the mail, and voters will have the choice to complete them and mail them back, drop them off at secure location, or vote in person"Yes, voters can also drop off their completed mail-in ballot at any early voting, Election Day, or ballot drop-off location for this election. (In at least one county, but likely statewide)Varies by county. See Carson City, for exampleIt is unlawful for any person to return a mailing ballot other than the registered voter to whom the ballot was sent or, at the request of the voter, a member of the family of that voterYesBallotTrax provides statewide tracking services to all Nevada voters
34
New HampshireSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day. Before Election Day, the last day to register is the last meeting of the Supervisors of the Checklist. The supervisors meet once, 6-13 days before Election Day. Voters should check their town/city website, or call their clerk's office for the date, time, and location of the Supervisor's meeting.*
By Mail: day before Election Day (received)*
Online: N/A
In Person: November 3, 2020. Before November 3, 2020, the last day to register is the last meeting of the Supervisors of the Checklist. The supervisors meet once between October 21, 2020 and October 28, 2020. Check your town/city website, or call your clerk's office for the date, time, and location of the Supervisor's meeting.*
By Mail: November 2, 2020 (received)*
N/A as of October 27, 2020Covid exceptionNot specified; however, all voters who are concerned about COVID-19 are eligible to vote by absentee ballot in the 2020 election. The application form described in RSA 657:4 is suspended until January 1, 2021, and the replacement form lists "concern for the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)" as a disability that permits absentee voting. Applications are available now and can be found online here.In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail: November 2, 2020 (received)
Towns and cities mail out absentee ballots as soon as they receive them from the state. Typically 30+ days*All received by September 22, 2020*0 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 5:00pm*American Fed. of Teachers v. GardnerNo early votingNo
Before Election Day. October 29, 2020
Varies by county. Must announce in advance up to 5 days before Election Day or on Election Day at 1:00pm, due to a new law allowing partial pre-processing for 2020 elections.As early as October 29, 2020, local option to pre-process ballots, varies by countyVoter affidavit on the absentee ballotNo notice and cure process, varies by countyNo notice and cure process, varies by countyElection Day after the closing of the pollsNovember 3, 2020 after the closing of the pollsNovember 3, 2020No details providedNo details provided0 daysNovember 3, 2020Election Day
(Not specified)
November 3, 2020YesNoVoter paidNoNot allowedNo, New Hampshire does not offer early votingYes, voters can show up at the polls on Election Day and cast an absentee ballot without going inside any time before the polling place closes, according to Associate Attorney General Nick Chong YenYes, when a clerk’s office is open, voters can physically hand their ballot to an officialVoters can ask any state-approved "delivery agent" to deliver their ballot. This includes a spouse, parent, sibling, child, grandchild, father-in-law, mother-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in- law, stepparent or stepchild as well as the administrator or administrator’s designee (of a nursing care facility)Yes [N.H. Rev. Stat. § 657:26]New Hampshire's Secretary of State (tool here)
35
New JerseyDivision of ElectionsIn Person: 21 days before Election Day
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: October 13, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, registered voters do not need to apply for or request a mail-in ballot. If a voter does not receive a mail in ballot in a timely manner, he or she can contact the county clerk or apply for one by mail.If a voter's current address is different that the one used to registered to vote, the voter must apply for a mail ballot:
In Person: November 2, 2020 by 3:00pm
By Mail: October 23, 2020
29 daysNo later than October 5, 20200 days 7 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 10, 2020 (received).
Ballots which lack postmarks due to postal error will also be considered valid if received by
November 5, 2020 by 8:00pm.
N/A as of October 27, 2020All registered voters automatically mailed an absentee ballotYes, counted beginning November 10Upon receipt. October 5, 2020Signature verification conducted upon receipt. The County Boards of Elections shall meet at least four (4) days per week starting October 13, 2020 to begin verifying the signatures on the vote by mail ballots.Signature verification upon receipt beginning on October 13, 2020Counties do signature review*No later than 48 hours before the final certification of election resultsDecember 6, 20200 daysNovember 3, 2020November 3, 2020Officials said they did not have a prediction for when a complete count would be available. Mail ballots were sent to all active, registered voters. It took weeks to finish counting ballots during the state's July primaryNo order20 daysNovember 23, 202035 daysDecember 8, 2020YesYesState prepaidYesOnly some countiesNo, early in-person voting is not allowed in New Jersey in 2020All New Jersey residents will be mailed a ballot, and it will be up to them to decide if they would like to vote by mail or in person. To vote in person, Governor Murphy said they will "do what we call 'provisional voting' because the folks won't necessarily know at the voting location whether or not whether you actually already mailed a ballot in." In at least one county, absentee ballots can instead be dropped-off on Election Day at polling placesYes, every county has ballot drop boxes, and voters can also return ballots to the local board of elections officeAn authorized messenger can return the ballot. The bearer certifies that he or she received a mail-in ballot directly from the voter, and no other person, and is authorized to deliver the ballot to the appropriate board of election or designee on behalf of the voterYesNew Jersey's Division of Elections (tool here)
36
New MexicoNew Mexico Secretary of StateIn Person: Saturday before Election Day at the county clerk's office; otherwise 28 days before Election Day.
By Mail:
28 days before Election Day (postmarked); however, an application may be accepted through the Friday following the deadline if the application is postmarked before the deadline.
Online:
28 days before Election Day
In Person: October 21, 2020 at the county clerk's office; otherwise October 6, 2020
Online: October 6, 2020
By Mail: October 6, 2020 (postmarked) and October 9, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredNot Specified; applications are now open, and can be submitted online, by mail, or by contacting a county clerk.In Person/Online: October 20, 2020 by 5:00pm28 daysBegins November 6, 2020 (1-6-5.)0 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pmN/A as of October 27, 2020October 6, 2020 to October 31, 2020No. Voter can sign an affidavit to cancel mail ballot and cast a regular ballot in person
Before Election Day. October 20, 2020
Any time after mailed ballots have been sent until the fifth day before the election, the county clerk may convene an election board to meet during normal business hours to qualify mailed ballots that are returned. If more than 10,000 absentee ballots are sent, they may be opened and inserted into an electronic voting machine two weeks before Election Day. If fewer than 10,000 absentee ballots are sent, processing may begin five days before the election.October 20, 2020 or October 29, 2020Form in the absentee ballot must be signed or the ballot is rejected0 days. Notification of rejection sent to voter within 24 hours with instructions about how to cure; the rejected mail ballot will be handled in the same manner as a disqualified provisional paper ballotNovember 3, 2020 by 7:00pm0 daysNovember 3, 2020 after 7:00pm†November 3, 2020Officials did not provide an estimate but said that they expected that the majority, if not all, of the winners in the state would be evident by midday WednesdayEarly in-person and processed mail ballots10 days or 13 days for counties with more than 150,000 votersNovember 13, 2020 or November 16, 2020 for counties with more than 150,000 voters†21 days
(Third Tuesday after election)
November 24, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesPilot program in 2020Yes, voters can drop off their ballot at their county clerk’s office or at any polling location in their county during Early Voting or on Election DayYes, voters can drop off their ballot at their county clerk’s office or at any polling location in their county during Early Voting or on Election DayYes, voters can drop off their ballot at their county clerk’s office or at any polling location in their county during Early Voting or on Election Day"A voter, caregiver to that voter or member of that voter's immediate family can deliver that voter's absentee ballot to the county clerk in person or by mail, provided that the voter has subscribed the outer envelope of the absentee ballotYes [N.M.S.A. § 1-6-9]New Mexico's Secretary of State (tool here)
37
New YorkNew York Board of ElectionsIn Person: 25 days before Election Day
By Mail: 25 days before Election Day (postmarked); 20 days before Election Day (received)
Online: 25 days before Election Day
In Person: October 9, 2020 (If honorably discharged from the military or have become a naturalized citizen since October 10th, you may register in person until October 24, 2020)
By Mail: October 9, 2020 (postmarked) and October 14, 2020 (received)
Online: October 9, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Covid exceptionApplication forms shall be furnished by and may be obtained from any board of elections at any time until the day before such election (Conduct of Elections, Title IV § 8-400). New York voters may use the risk of contracting or spreading COVID-19 as a "temporary illness" that allows that voter to vote absentee. Monroe County has already mailed absentee ballot applications to all active voters. Other voters may apply in a variety of ways, including online.In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail: October 27, 2020 (postmarked)
Online/Email/Fax/Telephone: October 27, 2020
45 days*No later than September 18, 20200 days7 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by close of polls
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 10, 2020 (received). Ballots that arrive by November 4, 2020 will also be counted even if they lack a postmark.
Jones v. U.S. Postal ServiceOctober 24, 2020 to November 1, 2020No. If a voter casts an in-person ballot, the absentee ballot is set aside and not countedUpon receipt. September 18, 2020Upon receiptUpon receiptSignature matching7 business days after notice was mailedNo date specified. New ballot must be sent within 7 business days of the date at which the voter was notified of the defectAfter the polls close on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 after 9:00pmNovember 6, 2020Only unofficial results from in-person early and Election Day voting will be released on election night. Absentee ballots will be reported in the following days, depending on the county. It took weeks to finish counting ballots during the state's June primaryIn-person early and Election Day ballots25 daysNovember 28, 202034 daysDecember 7, 2020YesNoVoter paidYesYes, voters can drop off their ballot at an early voting poll site between October 24th and November 1Yes, voters can drop off their ballot at a poll site on November 3 by 9pmYes, voters can drop off their ballot at the county board of elections office starting September 8 until no later than November 3 by 9pm. In addition, signed absentee ballots can be returned to drop boxes without a wait at over 300 locations statewideNot specifiedFor military and overseas voters onlyThe New York State Board of Elections provides ballot tracking for military and overseas voters, but not for all New Yorkers. However, voters in New York City can use a municipal ballot tracking tool. All other voters should contact their local election officials for more information
38
North CarolinaXState Board of ElectionsIn Person: The Saturday before Election Day if voting early in person, otherwise 25 days before Election Day.
By Mail:
25 days before Election Day (postmarked); if the postmark is missing or unclear, the application will still be processed if it is received 20 days before Election Day.
Online:
25 days before Election Day
In Person: October 31, 2020 if voting early in person (individuals who are not registered to vote in a county may register at early voting sites during early voting period). Otherwise the deadline is October 9, 2020.
By Mail: October 9, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 9, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredNo statutory start date.*In Person/By Mail/By Fax/By Email: October 27, 2020 by 5:00pm60 daysBegins September 4, 20200 days9 daysIn Person (any voting site): November 3, 2020 by 7:30pm
In Person (county election office): November 3, 2020 by 5:00pm*
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 12, 2020 at 5:00pm (received)
Stringer v. North CarolinaOctober 15, 2020 to October 31, 2020No
Before Election Day. September 29, 2020
Fifth Tuesday before Election DaySeptember 29, 2020One witness required for an absentee ballot in the 2020 general election​​. The voter is required to mark the ballot in the presence of the witness.9 days; cure certification must be received by the county board of elections (by fax, email, in person, or by mail) by the deadline for receipt of absentee ballots11/12/2020 by 5:00pm0 days*November 3, 2020*November 3, 2020Early votes and processed mail ballots, which are likely to be relatively stronger for Mr. Biden, will be reported around 7:30 p.m. Election day results, which are likely to be relatively stronger for Mr. Trump, will be reported between 8:30 p.m. and 1 a.m. Officials estimate that upward of 98 percent of ballots cast will be reported on election nightEarly in-person and processed mail ballots10 days at 11:00amNovember 13, 2020 at 11:00am†21 days at 11:00 am
(3 weeks after election)
November 24, 2020 by 11:00am†;
(10 day extension to December 4, 2020 permitted if county abstracts are missing)
NoNoVoter paidNoNo, based on a recent consent decree, but "county boards [will] designate separate absentee ballot drop-off stations at all one-stop early voting locations and county board offices, through which voters and authorized persons may return absentee ballots in person"Yes, "Voters who receive an absentee ballot by mail can deliver their ballot to an election official at a one-stop early voting site during any time that site is open for voting." In addition, curbside voting is available for eligible individuals at all early voting sitesNo, voters can return their ballot to any early voting site in their county during the early voting period, but not to their polling place on Election DayYes, if voters drop off their ballot in person, it must be returned to their county board of elections office by 5 p.m. on Election DayYou can only return someone’s ballot if they are a near relative. A near relative is: your spouse, brother, sister, parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, mother-in-law, father-in-law, daughter-in-law, son-in-law, stepparent, stepchild, or legal guardianYesNorth Carolina's State Board of Elections (tool here). BallotTrax also provides statewide tracking services for all North Carolina voters
39
North DakotaNorth Dakota Secretary of StateIn Person: North Dakota does not have voter registration; voter must simply bring valid proof of ID and residency to the polls in order to vote.
By Mail: North Dakota does not have voter registration; voter must simply bring valid proof of ID and residency to the polls in order to vote.
Online: N/A
North Dakota is the only state without voter registration. N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredAnytime within the calendar year of the election (January 1, 2020). The state has already mailed absentee-ballot applications to all voters.Not specified
*No specific deadline to apply
40 daysBegins September 24, 2020 1 day6 days*In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail: November 2, 2020 (postmarked) and November 9, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 19, 2020 to November 2, 2020No
Before Election Day. November 2, 2020
1 dayNovember 2, 2020*†Signature verification and affidavit executionDeadline unspecified, but state implemented curing process due to litigation providing voters with opportunity to cure ballot defectsDeadline unspecified, but state implemented curing process due to litigation providing voters with opportunity to cure ballot defectsAfter the polls close on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 after polls close (varies by county)†November 3, 2020Officials expect all ballots cast before and on Election Day to be reported by noon on Wednesday. The timing of complete unofficial results will depend on how many postmarked ballots arrive after Election DayNo order8 days
(becomes 9 days due to Veteran's Day Holiday)
November 12, 202017 daysNovember 20, 2020YesNoVoter paidYesLocations listed hereYes, the early voting period runs from Monday, October 19, 2020 to Monday, November 2, 2020. A voter's ballot can be returned at a dropbox, in person or by mail by the voter or a third party, with some restrictionsNo. It must be voided and voters will get an in-person ballot, according to a phone call with election officialsYes, voters can drop off ballots "at your local elections office." And, in some counties, voters "can always drop it off at the courthouse secure drop box before the business day ends on Election Day." However, it must be dropped of the day before Election Day (by November 2, 2020)An absentee voter can designate an agent. The agent can not, at that time, be a candidate for any office to be voted upon by the absent voter. The agent must provide a signed, written authorization from an applicantYes [NDCC, 16.1-07-28]North Dakota's Secretary of State (tool here)
40
OhioOhio Secretary of StateIn Person: 30 days before Election Day, extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked), extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 30 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 5, 2020

Note: The Ohio Secretary of State website says that the registration deadline is October 5, 2020. This contradicts vote.org, which says that the voter registration deadline is 30 days before Election Day (which would be October 4, 2020). It appears that because October 4, 2020 falls on a Sunday, the deadline was extended to October 5, despite this procedure not being specified in Ohio election laws.
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredJanuary 1, 2020 (R.C. 3509.03, 3511.02). All voters will automatically receive a mail ballot application.In Person/By Mail: October 31, 2020 by 12:00pmReady for the first day after the close of registrationBegins October 6, 20201 day10 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by close of polls
By Mail: November 2, 2020 (postmarked) and November 13, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 6, 2020 to November 2, 2020Yes, only for those voting on Election Day. Reported by November 28
Before Election Day. October 6, 2020
Processing may begin before the time for counting ballots. Exact timing not specified.Not specified; ballot processing can begin upon receipt.Signature verification and completion of identification envelope statement, including drivers license number or the last four digits of the voter’s Social Security number. The signature on the envelope and provided IDs are compared with the signature on the voter’s registration form7 daysNovember 10, 2020*†0 daysNovember 3, 2020 after 7:30pmNovember 3, 2020Ballots cast before Election Day will be reported by 8 p.m., and they are likely to be relatively stronger for Mr. Biden. They will be followed by those cast in-person or arriving on Election Day. After election night, no more results will be released until final certification, which must be completed by November 28. No predictions were provided for the share of results reported by WednesdayAbsentee ballots cast in-person or by mail before Election Day21 daysNovember 24, 202021 daysNovember 24, 2020YesNoVoter paidYesNo. Starting the day after the close of voter registration, all registered voters can request and vote an absentee ballot in person at their county board of elections or early voting center as designated by the county. However, according to a phone call with election officials, voters can only drop off completed ballots at the local board of electionsNo, voters can only drop off completed ballots at the local board of elections. According to the SOS, all hand delivered ballots must be received by the board of elections no later than 7:30pm on election dayYes, "starting the day after the close of voter registration, all registered voters can request and vote an absentee ballot in person at their county board of elections or early voting center as designated by the county"A family member of the absentee elector can deliver the ballotYesOhio's Secretary of State (tool here) BallotTrax provides additional tracking in the following counties: Clinton, Cuyahoga, and Franklin
41
OklahomaOklahoma Elections BoardIn Person: 25 days before Election Day
By Mail:
25 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: N/A
In Person: October 9, 2020
By Mail: October 9, 2020 (postmarked)
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredNot specified; but, voters may apply for absentee ballots for one election, for several elections or for all elections in which they are eligible to vote during the calendar year in which the application is submitted. Applications are open now, and can be delivered by mail, fax, in person, or online.In Person/By Mail/Fax/Online: October 27, 2020 by 5:00pm45 daysNo later than September 19, 20200 days0 daysIn Person: November 2, 2020 (can only drop off ballot in person if has a yellow stripe; no pink stripes allowed to be dropped off in person)
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm
DCCC v. ZiriaxOctober 29, 2020 to October 31, 2020No
Before Election Day. October 29, 2020
10:00am on the Thursday before Election Day, or earlier with approval by the Secretary of State Election Board.October 29, 2020Notary and signature presence required. Notary must not notarize more than 20 absentee ballots per election without approvalNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure processElection Day or prior to Election Day with approval by the Secretary of the State Election BoardNovember 3, 2020, but can be done earlier by county requestNovember 3, 2020Officials said that they do not have an estimate for when full unofficial results will be available, but that typically all counties finish reporting results on election nightTypically, early in-person results3 days by 5:00pm
(Friday after election)
November 6, 2020 by 5:00pm†7 days
(Tuesday after election)
November 10, 2020 by 5:00pm†NoNoVoter paidNoAccording to a phone call with election officials, there are no drop boxes (and state law prohibits counties from having drop boxes)Yes, voters "can vote [early] at the County Election Board office in the county where [they] are registered to vote from 8:00am to 6:00pm on Thursday and Friday before all elections." There, "Voters can cast an absentee ballot in person at the county election board office" Likely no. "Hand-delivered ballots must be returned no later than the end of business hours on the day before the election, and the voter must show the same identification required for in-person voting"Yes, voters can cast an absentee ballot in person at the county election board officeGenerally, it is unlawful to hand-deliver another person's absentee ballot. A voter's spouse is excepted from ballot harvesting laws and is permitted to return an absentee ballot on behalf of a voterYes [26 Okl. St. Ann.
§ 14-149]
Oklahoma's State Election Board (tool here)
42
OregonOregon Secretary of StateIn Person: 21 days before Election Day
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: October 31, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 13, 2020 by 11:59pm
N/A as of October 27, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.N/ANon-Oregon address 29 days; Oregon address 20 daysNon-Oregon address begins October 5, 2020; Oregon address begins October 14 to October 20, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pmN/A as of October 27, 2020N/A, 100% mail, no in-person votingNo
Before Election Day. October 27, 2020
Upon receiptUpon receiptSignature verification14 daysNovember 17, 2020No sooner than 7 days before the election, county clerks may begin opening identification and secrecy envelopes and scan ballots into a vote tally systemOctober 27, 2020November 3, 2020Officials do not have an estimate for when full unofficial results will be available. In the past two general elections, about 10 percent of votes remained outstanding by noon on WednesdayNo order, vote entirely by mail20 daysNovember 23, 202030 daysDecember 3, 2020NoYesState prepaidYesAll mail-in voting state. Contact your county election office for more informationAll mail-in voting state. Contact your county election office for more informationYes, there are "hundreds of conveniently located drop sites throughout the state to drop off their ballot in person." The drop box locator will be available 20 days before the election. In addition Voters "can return [their] ballot by dropping it off at any County Elections Office"A person can return a ballot on behalf of another voterYesOregon's Secretary of State (tool here) BallotTrax provides additional tracking services to the following Oregon counties: Benton, Clackamas, Douglas, Harney, Hood, Jackson, Lane, Lincoln, Linn, Marion, Multnomah, and Yamhill
43
PennsylvaniaXDepartment of State, Secretary of the CommonwealthIn Person: 15 days before Election Day
By Mail:
15 days before Election Day (received)
Online:
15 days before Election Day
In Person: October 19, 2020
By Mail: October 19, 2020 (received)
Online
: October 19, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredNot more than 50 days before an election (XIII-d), but applications received prior will be processed 50 days prior. All registered voters in Allegheny County are automatically sent a mail ballot request application.In Person/By Mail/Online: October 27, 2020 by 5:00pmIt is up to the county to determine from mid September to early October*It is up to the county to determine from mid September to early October*0 days3 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm (postmarked) and November 6, 2020 by 5:00pm (received)
Pennsylvania Democratic Party v. Boockvar
NAACP Penn. State Conference v. Boockvar
Disability Rights Penn. v. Boockvar
Delisle v. Boockvar
Crossey v. Boockvar
September 14, 2020 to October 27, 2020Yes, if voter does not surrender mail ballot. Reviewed within seven daysNovember 3, 2020Election Day at 7:00amNovember 3, 2020 at 7:00am
(current litigation may change this)
Signed presence; identifying information provided on envelope is compared to absentee voter registration listNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure process0 days, counting and county canvassing have been centralized due to October 2019 Act 77November 3, 2020 after 7:00am*November 3, 2020Secretary of the Commonwealth Kathy Boockvar has said that she expects “the overwhelming majority” of votes will be counted by Friday, November 6. Officials cannot begin to process mail ballots until Election Day, and if there are a significant number of mail ballots outstanding at the end of the night, the reported totals could be relatively stronger for Mr. TrumpOfficials did not specify, but Ms. Boockvar has said that in order to prevent large swings in results, she is asking counties to report mail votes routinely instead of all at onceMust begin 3 days after the election and end 8 days afterNovember 11, 20208 daysNovember 11, 2020YesNoState prepaidYesAvailable now after litigationYes. Pennsylvania voters can also vote before Election Day through a process called absentee in-person voting. The period for absentee in-person voting runs from Monday, September 14, 2020 to Tuesday, October 27, 2020. In Philadelphia, at least, voters can drop off completed ballots at early voting centers, according to a phone call with election officialsNo, if a voter requested to vote by mail, they can bring their ballot with them and hand it over to poll workers to be voided. At that point, voters will be allowed to vote on the machines as though they never requested a mail ballot at allYes, ballots can be dropped-off at a voter's county election office by the deadline (8 pm on Election Day)The ballot envelope shall then be securely sealed and the elector shall send same by mail, postage prepaid, except where franked, or deliver it in person to said county board of electionYesPennsylvania's Department of State (tool here)
44
Rhode IslandRhode Island Department of StateIn Person: Election Day for Presidential Elections; otherwise 30 days before Election Day.
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked); if the postmark is missing or unclear and the registration form is received no later than 5 days after the deadline, the individual shall be presumed to have been registered by the deadline.
Online: 30 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020 for the Presidential Election only. If voters do not register by October 4, 2020, they can only vote for President and Vice President on Election Day and will not be able to vote in any state, local, or other federal races.
By Mail: October 4, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 4, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredNo statutory start date.*
All active voters are automatically sent absentee-ballot applications. Applications can also be downloaded online, or requested from a local board of canvassers.
In Person/By Mail: October 13, 2020 (Deadline to submit Braille or Tactile mail ballot application is September 21, 2020). However, if this deadline is missed, voters can request an emergency mail-ballot from their local board of canvassers by November 2, 2020.18 daysBegins October 16, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pmN/A as of October 27, 2020October 14, 2020 to November 2, 2020Yes, reviewed within two daysBefore Election Day14 daysOctober 20, 2020Signature verification. Due to a lawsuit, the state has waived the witness requirement. Also confirm residence (details about the lawsuit)7 daysNovember 10, 2020*†0 daysNovember 3, 2020 after 8:00pmOctober 14, 2020The only ballots reported on election night will be from in-person voting. Officials expect to release results from all mail ballots Wednesday evening, after they are all countedIn-person votesNot specifiedNot specifiedNot specifiedNot specifiedNoNoState prepaidYesLocations available hereYes, there are drop boxes available at all early voting sites that allow voters to drop off completed ballots during early voting, according to a phone call with election officials. In the 20 days leading up to Election Day, voters can also vote in person at their city or town hall during regular business hoursYes, voters cna drop off completed ballots at polling places on Election Day, according to a phone call with election officialsYes, voters cand drop off their sealed ballot envelope to any of the drop box locations around the state. Most of these are physical drop boxes outside of town hallsNot specifiedYesRhode Island's Secretary of State (tool here)
45
South CarolinaSouth Carolina Election CommissionIn Person: 30 days before Election Day. If this falls on a Sunday, the last preceding day that the county board of voter registration and elections is open.
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked); the deadline is extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 30 days before Election Day
In Person: October 2, 2020 by 5:00pm
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online/Fax/Email: October 4, 2020 by 11:59pm
N/A as of October 27, 2020Covid exceptionIn Person: no later than October 5, 2020
By Mail: not specified; applications can be requested now online, or by contacting a county voter registration office
In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail/Fax/Email: October 24, 2020 by 5:00pm; or
October 30, 2020 by 5:00pm by an authorized representative
No specification in election codeNot specified0 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pmThomas v. AndinoOctober 5, 2020 to November 2, 2020Yes, if voters say they never received ballot. Reviewed on November 6
Before Election Day. November 1, 2020
2 daysNovember 1, 2020 at 7:00amSignature presence plus one witnessNo notice and cure process, pending litigationNo notice and cure process, pending litigation0 daysNovember 3, 2020 at 9:00am*November 3, 2020Officials say that their goal is to release 100 percent of results on election night, but that the number of mail ballots could push processing into Wednesday in some countiesVaries by county3 daysNovember 6, 2020 by 1:00pm7 daysNovember 10, 2020 by 10:00amNoNoVoter paidYesAvailable in at least one countyYes. Historically there has been no in-person early voting. However, in 2020, County offices will be open for in-person absentee voting beginning on September 28. Voters can vote absentee in person up until 5:00 p.m. on the day before the election, and voters can drop off ballots at voting sites or satellite sites (according to a phone call with election officials)No. According to a phone call with election officials, voters can only drop off ballots at county elections offices or satellite sites, not all polling placesYes, ballots can be dropped-off at the voter's county voter registration office by 7:00 p.m. on election day. All Local Election Offices will accept mailed or hand-delivered formsVoters can allow another person return their ballot by completing an Authorization to Return Absentee Ballot FormYes [S.C. Code §7-15-720]South Carolina's Election Commission (tool here) Ballot Scout provides additional tracking services in the following counties: Berkeley, Charleston, and Dorchester
46
South DakotaSecretary of StateIn Person: 15 days before Election Day
By Mail:
15 days before Election Day (received)
Online: N/A
In Person: October 19, 2020
By Mail:
October 19, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications. By Mail: November 2, 2020 by 5:00pm46 daysBegins September 18, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: Ballot must be received by the County Election Official on November 3, 2020 in enough time to deliver ballot to the correct voting precinct before the polls close.N/A as of October 27, 2020September 18, 2020 to November 2, 2020NoUpon receipt. September 18, 20200 daysNovember 3, 2020 before or after the close of pollsSignature verification (for absentee ballot applications only a notary public or authorized officer or a copy of the voter’s identification must be provided)No notice and cure processNo notice and cure processAfter polls close on Election Day. Prior to this, no person may open, unfold or examine any ballot, or make any communication to any person concerning the marking or contents of the ballotNovember 3, 2020 after 7:00pm†November 3, 2020No statewide estimates on timing provided, but officials in Minnehaha County, which includes Sioux Falls, said they planned to finish counting ballots late on November 4Varies by county6 daysNovember 9, 20207 daysNovember 10, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesIn at at least one countyYes. Voters can vote before Election Day through a process called absentee in-person voting. The period for absentee in-person voting runs from Friday, September 18, 2020 to Monday, November 2, 2020. According to a phone call with election officials, all early voting centers are at County Auditor's offices, and voters can drop off ballots there. Voters can drop off ballots at any early voting center in the county that they are registeredNo. "In South Dakota, the County Election Official must receive [a voter's] application for absentee ballot no later than 5:00pm the day before the election." According to a phone call with election officials, voters must vote with the ballot provided by the poll siteYes, voters can dro-off their ballot at a county election official"In the event of confinement because of sickness or disability, a qualified voter can apply in writing and obtain an absentee ballot by authorized messenger. An authorized messenger delivers the ballot from the County Election Official to the qualified voter and then delivers the marked ballot to the County Election Official"YesSouth Dakota's Secretary of State (tool here)
47
TennesseeSecretary of StateIn Person: 30 days before Election Day
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked); the deadline is extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 30 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 5, 2020
Memphis A. Phillip Randolph Institute v. HargettExcuse requiredAugust 5, 2020; in order to vote absentee, you must have an excuse, including a medical condition that heightens your risk of COVID-19.By Mail/Fax/Email: October 27, 2020There is no start or end date for when counties must print and ship absentee ballots to votersNo date specified (county dependent)0 days0 daysBy Mail: November 3, 2020 by close of polls
(no in person ballot drop off)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 14, 2020 to October 29, 2020Yes. Most will be reviewed and counted within four business days of the election, if the voter's mail ballot has not been receivedUpon receipt. September 15, 2020Upon receiptUpon receiptSignature verificationNo cure process, pending litigation, however requirement to notice voter that ballot is rejected; may vote provisionally on Election Day or by mail if they receive notice before the deadline to apply for a ballot (7 days before Election Day) they can submit a new application October 27, 2020*On Election Day after the polls open and no later than four hours before closing for general elections, or two hours before closing for all other electionsNovember 3, 2020 after 8:00pm EST / 7:00pm CSTNovember 3, 2020Officials say they cannot predict but hope that more than 99 percent of votes will be reported by noon on WednesdayNo orderNo later than the 3rd Monday after the electionNovember 24, 2020Not specifiedNot specifiedNoNoVoter paidNoDoes not allow ballot drop boxesNo, Tennessee has early voting but it is separate from "by-mail" voting, and it appears that voters must vote in-person rather than drop off absentee ballotsNo, voters must return their ballot by mail (USPS, FedEx, UPS, etc.)"No, voters must return their ballot by mail (USPS, FedEx, UPS, etc.)Not specifiedYesTennessee's Secretary of State (tool here) BallotTrax provides additional tracking services to Wilson County voters
48
TexasElections DivisionIn Person: 30 days before Election Day. If the 30th day before the date of an election is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal state or national holiday, an application is considered to be timely if it is submitted to the registrar on or before the next regular business day.
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked); the deadline is extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: N/A
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
N/A as of October 27, 2020Excuse requiredJanuary 1, 2020. Voters must have an excuse to vote absentee. Bexar, Harris, and Hidalgo counties are mailing absentee-ballot applications to voters aged 65 and older.In Person/By Mail/Fax/Email: October 23, 202030 daysNo later than October 4, 20200 days1 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 4, 2020 by 5:00pm (received)
Lewis v. Hughs
In re Hotze
October 13, 2020 to October 30, 2020Yes, if voter does not surrender mail ballot
Before Election Day. October 22, 2020
Signature and voter verification may be conducted upon receipt (or during the operation of the signature verification committee)Signature and voter verification can be conducted upon receiptSignature verificationNo notice or cure processNo notice or cure process, per recent litigationWhen the polls open on Election Day. In a jurisdiction with more than 100,000 people, counting can begin at the end of the early voting on October 30, 2020October 30, 2020 to November 3, 2020
Varies by county size (October 30 is the end of early voting)
October 30, 2020No estimate was provided for the share that will be reported by Wednesday. Because an excuse is required to vote by mail in Texas, officials do not think that processing those votes will result in delays, though increased turnout couldDepends on the county30 daysDecember 3, 202033 daysDecember 6, 2020YesNoVoter paidNoNote that, on October 1st, Gov. Abbott issued a proclamation to close satellite offices where voters could ordinarily drop off completed mail-in ballots. Counties will now only have 1 drop off point at elections offices. This decision was upheld by the 5th Circuit. Either way, the state does not have unmanned 24-hour boxes at all, but rather staffed drop off locationsNo, any registered voter can vote early by personal appearance (in person), but absentee ballots must be returned by mail or to the county clerk's office only with a valid IDNo. According to a call with election officials, on Election Day an absentee ballot will be voided and the voter must vote in-personYes, Texans voting absentee can also drop off their completed ballots in person at their county elections office instead of mailing them in. While typically only allowed while polls are open on Election Day, but the state has expanded that option during the pandemic to allow voters to return their ballots in person as soon as they're completed. Those voters will need to present photo ID when dropping off their ballotsIf someone helps a voter with their mail ballot, the voter must put the helper’s name and address on the carrier envelope, which is the one used to return the voter's ballot to the early voting clerk. The helper must also sign the carrier envelopeFor military and overseas voters onlyThe Texas Secretary of State provides ballot tracking for military and overseas voters pursuant to the MOVE Act, but does not provide a state-wide tracking service open to all Texas voters. However, some jurisdictions have adopted local tracking tools. For example, the Harris County Clerk recently launched a ballot tracking service. Voters in other counties should contact their county clerk for more information
49
UtahLieutenant Governor's Office of ElectionsIn Person: 7 days before Election Day in clerk's office, or on Election Day if voting by provisional ballot.
By Mail: 11 days before Election Day (received), the deadline is extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 11 days before Election Day.
In Person: October 23, 2020 by 5:00pm at clerk's office. Or between October 20, 2020 and October 30, 2020 at an early voting location, or November 3, 2020 at a voting location.
By Mail:
October 23, 2020 by 5:00pm (received)
Online:
October 23, 2020 by 5:00pm
N/A as of October 27, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.N/A21 daysBegins October 13 to 27, 20201 dayReceived by noon on the day of the county canvass (which varies by county but may be as late as 14 days after the election)In Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail:
November 2, 2020 (postmarked) and received by noon on the day of the county canvass (varies by county but no later than November 17, 2020 by noon).*
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 20, 2020 to October 30, 2020 (2 weeks before election, 10 days)Yes, if voter does not surrender mail ballot. Reviewed by November 17Upon receipt. October 13, 2020Upon receiptUpon receiptSignature verification
Inspection of affidavit and registration
7 to 14 days after Election Day*November 10, 2020 to November 17, 2020 by 5:00pm pending canvass deadline*Election Day as polls openNovember 3, 2020 at 7:00amNovember 3, 2020Officials did not have an estimate for when full unofficial results will be available. In the past two general elections, about 30 percent of votes remained outstanding by noon on WednesdayNo order, most vote by mail14 day
(Second Tuesday after the election)
November 17, 202020 days
(Fourth Monday of November at noon)
November 23, 2020 by noon†NoYesCounty optionYesSome counties are offering drop boxes, enter address hereAll mail-in voting state. Contact your county election office for more informationYes, at least one county in Utah there seems to be an option to drop off the ballot at the polling places on Election DayCurbside drop-off options available at various libraries, civic centers, and city offices (although they are most likely drop off boxes rather than in-person locations)Not specifiedYes [U.C.A. § 20A-3-304.1]Utah's Lieutenant Governor (tool here)
50
VermontElections DivisionIn Person: Election Day with proof of residence.
By Mail: Election Day (received)
Online: Election Day. But if a voter registers online the day before or on Election Day, the application may not be processed and the voter's name may not appear on the checklist and the voter may be asked to fill out another application at the polls. To be sure the a voters name appears on the checklist, voters should register by the Friday before the election.
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (received)
Online:
November 3, 2020; suggested October 30, 2020 because if voters register to vote online on Election Day or the day before Election day, the registration application may not be processed so voters might be asked to fill out another application at the polls.
N/A as of October 27, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.
Otherwise, any point
during the year leading up to the election
Voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot for the 2020 General Election.
Typically, the deadline is 5:00pm or close of county clerks office on
the day before the election.
45 daysNo later than September 20, 20200 days0 daysIn Person: November 2, 2020 by close of business at town clerk's office or November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm at polling place
By Mail: November 3, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020September 21, 2020 to November 2, 2020NoUpon receipt. October 4, 20201 dayNovember 2, 2020Signature presence and certificate envelopeNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure processThe day before the election, absentee ballots may be deposited in a vote tabulator. The machine is turned on and the ballots tabulated on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 (ballots may be placed in ballot tabulator on November 2, 2020 but cannot be turned on until November 3, 2020)November 3, 2020Officials estimate that unofficial results will be available for most or all precincts by midnightNo order2 days (48 hours)November 5, 20207 daysNovember 10, 2020 by 10:00amNoYesVoter paidLikely yesAll mail-in voting state. Contact your county election office for more informationAll mail-in voting state. Contact your county election office for more informationYes, early or absentee voter ballots must be returned to the town clerk’s office before the close of business on the day before the election (voters should check their town clerk’s hours) or to the polling place by 7 p.m. on Election Day. The ballots can be returned by mail or in personNot specifiedYesVermont's Secretary of State (tool here)
51
VirginiaDepartment of ElectionsIn Person: 22 days before Election Day. If this day falls on a Sunday, 21 days before Election Day.
By Mail: 22 days before Election Day (postmarked); the deadline is extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 22 days before Election Day
In Person: October 15, 2020 by 5:00pm
By Mail:
October 15, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 15, 2020 by 11:59pm

(Note: Due to a technical difficulty shutting down the state's online voter registration, a judge has extended the voter registration deadline by two days).
New Va. Majority Education Fund v. Virginia Dept. of ElectionsNo excuse requiredThe later of: (i) 12 months before an election or (ii) the day following any election held in the twelfth month prior to the election (Code of Virginia § 24.2-701) In Person: October 31, 2020 by 5:00pm
By Mail/Online/Fax: October 23, 2020 by 5:00pm
45 daysBegins September 19, 20200 days3 days by 12:00pmIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 6, 2020 by noon (received). Ballots with a missing or illegible postmark will be counted if they arrive by November 6, 2020 by noon.
N/A as of October 27, 2020September 18, 2020 to October 31, 2020Yes, if voter does not surrender mail ballotUpon receipt. September 18, 2020On or before Election DayNovember 3, 2020 by 7:00pm, or before Election Day as needed to expediteSignature presence. The witness requirement was waived for 2020 only and a cure process was established for 2020 only.3 days, Friday following election by noon due to law allowing for opportunity to cureNovember 6, 2020 by 12:00pmBallots may be inserted into ballot-counting machines prior to the closing of the polls, but no ballot count totals by the machines shall be initiated until the polls close. If absentee ballots are counted by hand, tallying may begin after 3 p.m. on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 after 7:00pm (by county machine);
November 3, 2020 after 3:00pm (by hand)
November 3, 2020Election Day in-person votes, which are likely to be relatively stronger for Mr. Trump, are likely to be reported first in most counties. After an 11 p.m. deadline, counties must report all early in-person ballots and mail ballots processed up to that point. Officials did not estimate what share would be reported by WednesdayIn most counties, in-person Election Day votes7 daysNovember 10, 2020 by 5:00pm7 daysNovember 10, 2020 by 5:00pmYesNoState prepaidYesVoters can drop off their completed, sealed ballot at any drop-off location in your county or city. A list of drop-off locations is available on their county or city’s official websiteYes, voters can vote early at their local registrar’s office beginning 45 days before Election DayYes, voters can drop off their voted ballot at any polling place within their county or city on Election DayYes, voters can drop off their ballot at the General Registrar's officeA voter who becomes incapacitated just before Election Day can vote by emergency ballot and designate a representative to deliver the ballot and return the marked ballotYes [VA Code Ann. § 24.2-711.1]Virginia's Department of Elections (tool here) Ballot Scout provides additional statewide tracking services to all Virginia voters
52
WashingtonSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: 8 days before Election Day (received)
Online: 8 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail: October 26, 2020 (received)
Online:
October 26, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.N/A18 daysNo later than October 16, 20200 days20 daysIn-Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 23, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 16, 2020 to November 3, 2020 (18 days)NoUpon receiptUpon receiptUpon receiptSignature verificationOne day before county election certification voter must sign and return a curing statement, 20 daysNovember 23, 20200 daysNovember 3, 2020 at 8:00pmNovember 3, 2020Officials estimate that less than 50 percent of votes will be reported on election nightNo order, most vote by mail21 daysNovember 24, 202030 daysDecember 3, 2020YesYesState prepaidYesThe county auditor must establish a minimum of one ballot drop box per fifteen thousand registered voters in the county and a minimum of one ballot drop box in each city, town, and census-designated place in the county with a post office per state codeYes, the voting center shall be open during business hours during the voting period, which begins eighteen days before, and ends at 8:00 p.m. on the day of the general election. Each voting center must have a drop box as required by state lawYes, voters can drop off their ballot at voting centersYes, voters can drop off their ballot at local elections officesNot specifiedYesWashington's Secretary of State (MyVote tool here) BallotTrax provides additional tracking services to Thurston County
53
West VirginiaElection DivisionIn Person: 21 days before Election Day
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: October 13, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 27, 2020Covid exceptionOn the 84th day before the General Election (August 11, 2020)In Person/By Mail/Email/Fax: October 28, 202046 daysBegins September 18, 20200 days6 daysIn-Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 9, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 27, 2020October 21, 2020 to October 31, 2020Yes, if voter does not surrender mail ballot. Reviewed beginning November 9
Before Election Day. October 21, 2020
0 daysNovember 3, 2020Signature verificationNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure process0 daysNovember 3, 2020November 3, 2020Officials did not provide an estimate,saying the timing would depend on how many people request absentee ballots and return them before Election DayNo order5 days (excluding Sundays)November 9, 202030 daysDecember 30, 2020YesNoState prepaidNoAccording to a phone call with election officials, drop boxes are not in the election codeYes. According to a phone call with election officials, others can drop off ballots at a county clerk's office in-person up until Election DayNo. According to a phone call with election officials, voters at a polling location would need to spoil their absentee ballot and vote in-person (or bring the absentee ballot to the clerk's office instead)Yes, according to the SOS, for hand-delivery, absentee ballots must be dropped-off at the County Clerk's office by the day before Election Day. Although voters do not have to personally return his or her absentee ballot, no one person can deliver more than two voters' absentee ballotsNot specifiedYesWest Virginia's Secretary of State (tool here)
54
WisconsinXElections CommissionIn Person: Election Day at voters' polling place, or the Friday before Election Day at voters' clerk's office or other designated location.
By Mail: 13 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 13 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020 at voters' polling place, or October 30, 2020 at voters' clerk's office or other designated location
By Mail: October 14, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 14, 2020
DNC v. BostelmannNo excuse requiredAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications.In Person: October 29, 2020*
By Mail: October 29, 2020*
Online
: October 29, 2020 by 5:00pm
47 daysNo later than September 17, 20200 days0 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm (received)
DNC v. Bostelmann (consolidated with many cases)
Supreme Court Ruling October 26, 2020 to not extend the deadline to count absentee ballots 6 days after Election Day until November 9, 2020, backing the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
October 20, 2020 to November 1, 2020NoNovember 3, 20200 daysNovember 3, 2020 after 7:00amSignature presence plus one witnessNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure processAny time after the opening of the polls and before 10:00pm on Election DayNovember 3, 2020 at any time after the opening of the polls and before 10:00pmNovember 3, 2020Gov. Tony Evers has said he expects to know the results on election night, or by the day after at the latest. The elections director in Milwaukee County, which officials say has the potential to be the latest to report, said that results could take until between 3 a.m. and 6 a.m. WednesdayNo order in most places, but in-person votes could come first in 39 municipalities that count absentee ballots separately (including Milwaukee)14 daysNovember 17, 202028 days
(First day of December)
December 1, 2020NoNoState prepaidYesIn at least some countiesYes, Wisconsin has in-person absentee voting, but it is unclear if voters can drop off completed absentee ballots. It is likely that this is possible, howeverYes, Voters can drop off their ballot at their polling place or central count locationYes, voters can drop off their ballot at their municipal clerk's officeNot specifiedYesWisconsin's Election Commission (tool here)
55
WyomingSecretary of StateIn Person: 14 days before Election Day
By Mail: 14 days before Election Day (postmarked); after this date, individuals may register to vote by mail if their registration is also accompanied by an absentee ballot request.
Online: N/A
In Person: October 19, 2020
By Mail: October 19, 2020 (postmarked)
N/A as of October 27, 2020No excuse requiredAny time during the calendar year in which the election is held, but not on the day of the election (January 1, 2020). The state already mailed absentee-ballot applications to all voters.In Person/By Mail/Online/Email/On Phone: November 2, 202045 daysBegins September 18, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pmN/A as of October 27, 2020September 18, 2020 to November 2, 2020Yes, reviewed on election night
Before Election Day. October 29, 2020
0 daysNovember 3, 2020 after 7:00amSignature presenceNo notice and cure processNo notice and cure process0 daysNovember 3, 2020November 3, 2020Officials have said they expect more than 99 percent of votes to be reported by noon on WednesdayNo order3 daysNovember 6, 20208 daysNovember 11, 2020NoNoVoter paidYesAccording to phone calls with election officials, there are drop boxes in Albany County, Bighorn County, and other locationsYes. Absentee polling places are located at county clerk offices and courthouses, and voters can drop off ballots (according to a phone call with election officials)No. According to phone calls with election officials, voters on Election Day would need to have their ballot voided at a polling place and instead vote in person. Alternatively, completed ballots could be hand delivered to a county clerk or at some courthousesYes, voters can drop off their ballot at their county clerk or at various courthousesNot specifiedRequired for military and overseas voters [WY Rules and Regulations 002.0005.3 § 12]Wyoming's Secretary of State provides tracking for military and overseas voters only (resource here) All other voters must contact their county clerk for tracking information
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100