InPhonDB_Vowels_Nonnative
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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZAAABACADAEAFAGAHAIAJAKALAMANAOAPAQARASATAUAVAWAXAYAZBABBBCBDBEBFBGBHBIBJBKBLBMBNBOBPBQBRBSBTBUBVBWBXBYBZCACBCC
1
study_IDlong_citeshort_cite
peer_reviewed
coderexpt_num
expt_condition
same_infant
response_mode
exposure_phase
method
dependent_measure
participant_design
native_lang
infant_type
group_name_1group_name_2n_1n_2mean_age_1mean_age_2x_1x_2x_difSD_1SD_2tFdd_varrcorr
special_cases_measures
age_range_1age_range_2
n_excluded_1
n_excluded_2
gender_1gender_2
dependent_measure_2
dependent_measure_2_x_diff
dependent_measure_2_SD_1
dependent_measure_2_SD_2
n_excluded_fussers
n_excluded_non_criterion
exclusion_criteria
test_lang
contrast_pseudoIPA
contrast_sampa
sampa_comments
counterbalanced
peripheralitybacknessheightnasalityroundnesstensenesslength
stimuli_notes
F1_1F2_1F1_2F2_2
duration_word_1
duration_word_2
duration_vowel_1
duration_vowel_2
frequency_1frequency_2
frequency_source
object_typeobject_no
object_motion_word_coordination
object_motion
method_notes
results_extra
MSDapprox
general_notes
same_infant_dich
multiple_measurement_points
stimulus_naturalness
2
Trehub1976
Trehub, S. E. (1976).The Discrimination of Foreign Speech Contrasts by Infants and Adults. Child Development 47(2), 466-472.
Trehub (1976)yesSho Tsuji1NA9behaviorhabituationHASsucking_timebetween
Canadian English
typicalexperimentalcontrol101073.573.5NANANANANANA5.25NANANANA77778.258.25NANANANANANA47.5
fussiness, sleeping, criterion, eq error
nonnativepa-pã_pa-pa~_French1NA001000
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: male; .5s sound+.5s silence; matched visually on intensity contour and duration; 6 french native speakers okayed the stimuli; played at 62 dB (noise at infant's head was 38dB); voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: 38; snr: 24; differ.in:
6781200692987500500500500NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:33;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
individual data was sucks converted to percentage of baseline;figures could be used to estimate means
nononatural
3
Mugitani2009
Mugitani, R., Pons, F., Fais, L., Dietrich, C., Werker, J. F., & Amano, S. (2009). Perception of vowel length by Japanese- and English-learning infants. Developmental psychology, 45(1), 236-247.
Mugitani et al. (2009)yesAlex Cristia1NA17
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_two
Canadian English
typicalNANA8NA541.14NANANA2.113.8183766182.2627417NANANANANA25.42NA2NANANANANANANA11
fussiness, criterion
nonnativeta:ku-takuta:ku-taku
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: several tokens recorded, 5 were selected and then manipulated to create a long (200 ms) and short (100 ms) vowel duration; the duration of the whole words was not reported; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: the originals were spoken in English, then the vowel lengthened/reduced to the desired length; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural_processed; ISI: 1000; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 65; differ.in: diphthonguization
NANANANANANA200100NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:14000;nb.tokens.trial:5;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:27;dist.from.child.in:46;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:longest;CF.window.size:3;CF.min.hab:9;CF.max.hab:27;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:1 of each kind;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.75; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
author_provided
noyes
natural_processed
4
Mugitani2009
Mugitani, R., Pons, F., Fais, L., Dietrich, C., Werker, J. F., & Amano, S. (2009). Perception of vowel length by Japanese- and English-learning infants. Developmental psychology, 45(1), 236-247.
Mugitani et al. (2009)yesAlex Cristia1NA18
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_two
Canadian English
typicalNANA8NA541.14NANANA3.541.7536248172.517300141NANANANANANA25.42NA2NANANANANANANA11
fussiness, criterion
nonnativetaku-ta:kutaku-ta:ku
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: several tokens recorded, 5 were selected and then manipulated to create a long (200 ms) and short (100 ms) vowel duration; the duration of the whole words was not reported; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: the originals were spoken in English, then the vowel lengthened/reduced to the desired length; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural_processed; ISI: 1000; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 65; differ.in: diphthonguization
NANANANANANA100200NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:14000;nb.tokens.trial:5;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:27;dist.from.child.in:46;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:longest;CF.window.size:3;CF.min.hab:9;CF.max.hab:27;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:1 of each kind;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.875; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
author_provided
noyes
natural_processed
5
Polka 1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421-435.
Polka & Werker (1994) yesSho Tsuji2NA55
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_two
Canadian English
typicalNANA12NA135.68NANANANANANANANANANANANA34.42NA8.333333333NANANANANANANANANA
observer agreement, criterion, fussiness, eq error
nonnativedut-dyt_du:t-dy:t_German1NA200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 742-1170; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 1658-1739; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in:
NA956NA1698.5NANA187.7187.7NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:50;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:black-white static checkerboard;size.in:13;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:last.hab&change;CF.ntest:4;CF.testDetails:4: two switch, two same in that order;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
graph with means for CHT + VH part CF.recovery, but no error bars
noyesnatural
6
Polka 1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421-435.
Polka & Werker (1994) yesSho Tsuji2NA56
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_two
Canadian English
typicalNANA12NA135.68NANANANANANANANANANANA34.42NA8.333333333NANANANANANANANANA
observer agreement, criterion, fussiness, eq error
nonnativedʊt-dʏt_dUt-dYt_German1NA200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 1099-1353; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 1566-1658; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in:
NA1226NA1612NANA90.7590.75NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:50;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:black-white static checkerboard;size.in:13;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:last.hab&change;CF.ntest:4;CF.testDetails:4: two switch, two same in that order;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
graph with means for CHT + VH part CF.recovery, but no error bars
noyesnatural
7
Polka 1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421-435.
Polka & Werker (1994) yesSho Tsuji2NA58
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_two
Canadian English
typicalNANA12NA198.52NANANANANANANANANANANANA53.84NA3.666666667NANANANANANANANANA
observer agreement, criterion, fussiness, eq error
nonnativedut-dyt_du:t-dy:t_German1NA200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 742-1170; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 1658-1739; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in:
NA956NA1698.5NANA187.7187.7NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:50;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:black-white static checkerboard;size.in:13;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:last.hab&change;CF.ntest:4;CF.testDetails:4: two switch, two same in that order;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
graph with means for CHT + VH part CF.recovery, but no error bars
noyesnatural
8
Polka 1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421-435.
Polka & Werker (1994) yesSho Tsuji2NA59
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_two
Canadian English
typicalNANA12NA198.52NANANANANANANANANANANANA53.84NA3.666666667NANANANANANANANANA
observer agreement, criterion, fussiness, eq error
nonnativedʊt-dʏt_dUt-dYt_German1NA200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 1099-1353; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 1566-1658; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in:
NA1226NA1612NANA90.7590.75NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:50;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:black-white static checkerboard;size.in:13;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:last.hab&change;CF.ntest:4;CF.testDetails:4: two switch, two same in that order;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
graph with means for CHT + VH part CF.recovery, but no error bars
noyesnatural
9
Bosch2003
Bosch, L., & Sebastian-Galles, N. (2003). Simultaneous Bilingualism and the Perception of a Language-Specific Vowel Contrast in the First Year of Life. Language and Speech 46(2-3), 217-243.
Bosch & Sebastian-Galles (2003)yesSho Tsuji1NA76
eye-tracking
familiarization
HPPlooking_timewithin_two
Peninsular Spanish
typicalNANA12NA140NANANA3.0434.6796.3762.616NANANA0.776NA38NA3NANANANANANANA20
crying, fussiness, failure to reach familiarization criterion, parental interference
nonnativedεði -deði_dEDi -deDi_AEnglish1NA000010
comments_F: F1 & F2 taken from 150-200 ms central section of vowel; F1/F2/F3.1: 675/2525; F1/F2/F3.2: 442/2715; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: first syllable stressed. 18 tokens from 5 female talkers. ; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 65; differ.in:
67525254422715761.9792.8NANANANANA0
fam.length:120;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:25000;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:image on screen;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:29.5;side.degrees:35;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:4;CF.testDetails:4,same-switch-same-switch, order counterbalanced;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.833333333333333; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no;noyesnatural
10
Bosch2003
Bosch, L., & Sebastian-Galles, N. (2003). Simultaneous Bilingualism and the Perception of a Language-Specific Vowel Contrast in the First Year of Life. Language and Speech 46(2-3), 217-243.
Bosch & Sebastian-Galles (2003)yesSho Tsuji2NA79
eye-tracking
familiarization
HPPlooking_timewithin_two
Peninsular Spanish
typicalNANA12NA245NANANA-1.3887.0826.0571.02NANANA0.754NA27NA3NANANANANANANA1.3333333330
crying, fussiness, failure to reach familiarization criterion, parental interference, eq error
nonnativedεði -deði_dEDi -deDi_AEnglish1NA000010
comments_F: F1 & F2 taken from 150-200 ms central section of vowel; F1/F2/F3.1: 675/2525; F1/F2/F3.2: 442/2715; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: first syllable stressed. 18 tokens from 5 female talkers. ; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 65; differ.in:
67525254422715761.9792.8NANANANANA0
fam.length:120;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:25000;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:image on screen;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:29.5;side.degrees:35;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:4;CF.testDetails:4,same-switch-same-switch, order counterbalanced;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.333333333333333; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no;noyesnatural
11
Tsao2004
Tsao, F.-M., Liu, H.-M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2004). Speech perception in infancy predicts language development in the second year of life: A longitudinal study. Child Development, 75(4), 1067–1084. Retrieved from http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=16017499
Tsao Liu, & Kuhl (2004)yesAlex Cristia1NA82behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA28NA180.0864NA73.6150NA10.98NANANANANANANA18.252NA6NANANANANANANA06criterionnonnativeu-yu:-y:
not_looked_up
00200000
comments_F: single tokens, synthesized; probably more info in Kuhl et al. 1992; F1/F2/F3.1: 289/630; F1/F2/F3.2: 255/1947; min.f0: 120; average.f0: 120; max.f0: 120; range.f0: 0; pitch.contour: flat; other: pitch etc. found in Cardillo 2009; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 1729; SOA: 2000; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 68; differ.in:
2896302551947271271271271NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:5000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:human.distraction;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:5000;CHT.criterion:3 consecutive;CHT.criterionByChance:0.125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:2;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
;range also given
nonosynthetic
12
Cardillo2010
Cardillo, G.C. (2010). Predicting the predictors: Individual differences in longitudinal relationships between infant phonetic perception, toddler vocabulary, and preschooler language and phonological awareness. Ph.D. thesis, University of Washington.
Cardillo (2010)noAlex Cristia1
6mo_measure
83behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA28NA212.6358NA77.1250NA8.81NANANANANANANA12.168NA0NANANAd-prime1.520.57NA00criterionnonnativeu-yu:-y:
not_looked_up
00200000
comments_F: single tokens, synthesized; probably more info in Kuhl et al. 1992; F1/F2/F3.1: 289/630; F1/F2/F3.2: 255/1947; min.f0: 120; average.f0: 120; max.f0: 120; range.f0: 0; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 1729; SOA: 2000; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 68; differ.in:
2896302551947271271271271NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:5000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:human.distraction;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:5000;CHT.criterion:3 consecutive;CHT.criterionByChance:0.125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:2;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
PC IS PCMAX: the percentage of infant’s correct responses will be expressed as adjusted maximum percent correct (PCmax). PCmax is preferred rather than raw percent correct because the latter measure can be confounded by response bias. PCmax is defined as
yesyessynthetic
13
Cardillo2010
Cardillo, G.C. (2010). Predicting the predictors: Individual differences in longitudinal relationships between infant phonetic perception, toddler vocabulary, and preschooler language and phonological awareness. Ph.D. thesis, University of Washington.
Cardillo (2010)noAlex Cristia1
11mo_measure
83behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA27NA323.6688NA82.3450NA9.35NANANANANANANANANA0NANANAd-prime1.960.7NA00criterionnonnativeu-yu:-y:
not_looked_up
00200000
comments_F: single tokens, synthesized; probably more info in Kuhl et al. 1992; F1/F2/F3.1: 289/630; F1/F2/F3.2: 255/1947; min.f0: 120; average.f0: 120; max.f0: 120; range.f0: 0; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 1729; SOA: 2000; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 68; differ.in:
2896302551947271271271271NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:5000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:human.distraction;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:5000;CHT.criterion:3 consecutive;CHT.criterionByChance:0.125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:2;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
PC IS PCMAX: the percentage of infant’s correct responses will be expressed as adjusted maximum percent correct (PCmax). PCmax is preferred rather than raw percent correct because the latter measure can be confounded by response bias. PCmax is defined as
yesyessynthetic
14
Polka2011
Polka, Linda, & Bohn, O.-S. (2011). Natural Referent Vowel (NRV) framework: An emerging view of early phonetic development. Journal of Phonetics, 39(4), 467–478.
Polka & Bohn (2011)yesSho Tsuji1NA88behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_oneDanishtypicalNANA17NA107.26NA55.750NA8.7NANANANANANANA66.84NA17.25NANANAd-prime2.110059938NANA014.25
criterion, scheduling, eq error, exp error
nonnativedɒt-dʌtdAt-dVtAEnglish00010000
comments_F: mean (range, length, pitch also available); F1/F2/F3.1: 653/898/2482; F1/F2/F3.2: 672/1454/2425; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 120.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: 4 tokens per vowel; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
6538986721454NANA171.25152NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.333333333333333;max.trial.duration:4800;nb.tokens.trial:4;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4800;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:25;CHT.Max.nb.visits:2;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
;using change score/SD change score (Within-subject version of formula 1) for d
noyesnatural
15
Polka2011
Polka, Linda, & Bohn, O.-S. (2011). Natural Referent Vowel (NRV) framework: An emerging view of early phonetic development. Journal of Phonetics, 39(4), 467–478.
Polka & Bohn (2011)yesSho Tsuji1NA89behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_oneDanishtypicalNANA17NA107.26NA63.450NA9.7NANANANANANANA66.84NA17.25NANANAd-prime2.352595563NANA014.25
criterion, scheduling, eq error, exp error
nonnativedʌt-dɒtdVt-dAtAEnglish01010000
comments_F: mean (range, length, pitch also available); F1/F2/F3.1: 672/1454/2425; F1/F2/F3.2: 653/898/2482; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 120.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: 4 tokens per vowel; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
6721454653898NANA152171.25NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.333333333333333;max.trial.duration:4800;nb.tokens.trial:4;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4800;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:25;CHT.Max.nb.visits:2;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no;noyesnatural
16
Polka2011
Polka, Linda, & Bohn, O.-S. (2011). Natural Referent Vowel (NRV) framework: An emerging view of early phonetic development. Journal of Phonetics, 39(4), 467–478.
Polka & Bohn (2011)yesSho Tsuji1NA90behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_oneDanishtypicalNANA18NA143.18NA56.750NA12.2NANANANANANANA86.26NA17.25NANANAd-prime2.875567577NANA014.25
criterion, scheduling, eq error, exp error
nonnativedɒt-dʌtdAt-dVtAEnglish00010000
comments_F: mean (range, length, pitch also available); F1/F2/F3.1: 653/898/2482; F1/F2/F3.2: 672/1454/2425; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 120.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: 4 tokens per vowel; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
6538986721454NANA171.25152NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.333333333333333;max.trial.duration:4800;nb.tokens.trial:4;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4800;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:25;CHT.Max.nb.visits:2;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no;noyesnatural
17
Polka2011
Polka, Linda, & Bohn, O.-S. (2011). Natural Referent Vowel (NRV) framework: An emerging view of early phonetic development. Journal of Phonetics, 39(4), 467–478.
Polka & Bohn (2011)yesSho Tsuji1NA91behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_oneDanishtypicalNANA18NA143.18NA65.150NA9.8NANANANANANANA86.26NA17.25NANANAd-prime2.309882152NANA014.25
criterion, scheduling, eq error, exp error
nonnativedʌt-dɒtdVt-dAtAEnglish01010000
comments_F: mean (range, length, pitch also available); F1/F2/F3.1: 672/1454/2425; F1/F2/F3.2: 653/898/2482; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 120.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: 4 tokens per vowel; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
6721454653898NANA152171.25NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.333333333333333;max.trial.duration:4800;nb.tokens.trial:4;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4800;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:25;CHT.Max.nb.visits:2;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no;noyesnatural
18
Eilers1984
Eilers, R. E., Bull, D. H., Oller, D. K., & Lewis, D. C. (1984). The discrimination of vowel duration by infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75(4), 1213–1218.
Eilers, Bull, Oller, & Lewis (1984)yesSho Tsuji1group1114behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA9NA234NA5850NANANA1.65NANANANANA182.52NA3.666666667NANANANANANANA01
criterion, hearing loss, scheduling
nonnative
mad(300)-mad(400)
mAd(300)-mAd(400)
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 745/900/2400; F1/F2/F3.2: 745/900/2400; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rising-falling (last syllable); other: steady state; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 650; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
745900745900540640300400NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:6000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:5;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA; other measures: DI scores:(Hit-FA)/no.change=0.2 and "t" based on DI= 2.02
no
children in group 1 were tested on all mad, thus consecutive 3 lines are within subject on different days; see other results
yesnosynthetic
19
Eilers1984
Eilers, R. E., Bull, D. H., Oller, D. K., & Lewis, D. C. (1984). The discrimination of vowel duration by infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75(4), 1213–1218.
Eilers, Bull, Oller, & Lewis (1984)yesSho Tsuji1group1114behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA9NA234NA5750NANANA1.68NANANANANA182.52NA3.666666667NANANANANANANA01
criterion, hearing loss, scheduling
nonnative
mad(300)-mad(500)
mAd(300)-mAd(500)
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 745/900/2400; F1/F2/F3.2: 745/900/2400; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rising-falling (last syllable); other: steady state; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 650; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
745900745900540740300500NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:6000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:5;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA; other measures: DI scores:(Hit-FA)/no.change=0.22 and "t" based on DI= 2.82
no
children in group 1 were tested on all mad, thus consecutive 3 lines are within subject on different days; see other results
yesnosynthetic
20
Eilers1984
Eilers, R. E., Bull, D. H., Oller, D. K., & Lewis, D. C. (1984). The discrimination of vowel duration by infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75(4), 1213–1218.
Eilers, Bull, Oller, & Lewis (1984)yesSho Tsuji1group1114behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA9NA234NA6750NANANA5.26NANANANANA182.52NA3.666666667NANANANANANANA01
criterion, hearing loss, scheduling
nonnative
mad(300)-mad(600)
mAd(300)-mAd(600)
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 745/900/2400; F1/F2/F3.2: 745/900/2400; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rising-falling (last syllable); other: steady state; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 650; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
745900745900540840300600NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:6000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:5;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA; other measures: DI scores:(Hit-FA)/no.change=0.37 and "t" based on DI= 5.99
no
children in group 1 were tested on all mad, thus consecutive 3 lines are within subject on different days; see other results
yesnosynthetic
21
Eilers1984
Eilers, R. E., Bull, D. H., Oller, D. K., & Lewis, D. C. (1984). The discrimination of vowel duration by infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75(4), 1213–1218.
Eilers, Bull, Oller, & Lewis (1984)yesSho Tsuji1group2115behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA9NA234NA5450NANANA2.04NANANANANA182.52NA3.666666667NANANANANANANA01
criterion, hearing loss, scheduling
nonnative
samad(300)-samad(400)
sAmAd(300)-sAmAd(400)
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 745/900/2400; F1/F2/F3.2: 745/900/2400; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rising-falling (last syllable); other: steady state; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 650; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
745900745900797897300400NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:6000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:5;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA; other measures: DI scores:(Hit-FA)/no.change=0.16 and "t" based on DI= 3.33
no
children in group 2 were tested on all samad, thus consecutive 3 lines are within subject on different days; see other results
yesnosynthetic
22
Eilers1984
Eilers, R. E., Bull, D. H., Oller, D. K., & Lewis, D. C. (1984). The discrimination of vowel duration by infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75(4), 1213–1218.
Eilers, Bull, Oller, & Lewis (1984)yesSho Tsuji1group2115behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA9NA234NA5950NANANA2.17NANANANANA182.52NA3.666666667NANANANANANANA01
criterion, hearing loss, scheduling
nonnative
samad(300)-samad(500)
sAmAd(300)-sAmAd(500)
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 745/900/2400; F1/F2/F3.2: 745/900/2400; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rising-falling (last syllable); other: steady state; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 650; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
745900745900797997300500NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:6000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:5;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA; other measures: DI scores:(Hit-FA)/no.change=0.26 and "t" based on DI= 3.33
no
children in group 2 were tested on all samad, thus consecutive 3 lines are within subject on different days; see other results
yesnosynthetic
23
Eilers1984
Eilers, R. E., Bull, D. H., Oller, D. K., & Lewis, D. C. (1984). The discrimination of vowel duration by infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75(4), 1213–1218.
Eilers, Bull, Oller, & Lewis (1984)yesSho Tsuji1group2115behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA9NA234NA6350NANANA3.74NANANANANA182.52NA3.666666667NANANANANANANA01
criterion, hearing loss, scheduling
nonnative
samad(300)-samad(600)
sAmAd(300)-sAmAd(600)
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 745/900/2400; F1/F2/F3.2: 745/900/2400; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rising-falling (last syllable); other: steady state; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 650; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
7459007459007971097300600NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:6000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:5;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA; other measures: DI scores:(Hit-FA)/no.change=0.33 and "t" based on DI= 5.31
no
children in group 2 were tested on all samad, thus consecutive 3 lines are within subject on different days; see other results
yesnosynthetic
24
Eilers1984
Eilers, R. E., Bull, D. H., Oller, D. K., & Lewis, D. C. (1984). The discrimination of vowel duration by infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75(4), 1213–1218.
Eilers, Bull, Oller, & Lewis (1984)yesSho Tsuji1group3116behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA9NA234NA5850NANANA2.41NANANANANA182.52NA3.666666667NANANANANANANA01
criterion, hearing loss, scheduling
nonnative
masamad(300)-masamad(400)
mAsAmAd(300)-mAsAmAd(400)
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 745/900/2400; F1/F2/F3.2: 745/900/2400; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rising-falling (last syllable); other: steady state; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 650; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
74590074590010451145300400NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:6000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:5;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA; other measures: DI scores:(Hit-FA)/no.change=0.2 and "t" based on DI= 4.04
no
children in group 3 were tested on all masamad, thus consecutive 3 lines are within subject on different days; see other results
yesnosynthetic
25
Eilers1984
Eilers, R. E., Bull, D. H., Oller, D. K., & Lewis, D. C. (1984). The discrimination of vowel duration by infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75(4), 1213–1218.
Eilers, Bull, Oller, & Lewis (1984)yesSho Tsuji1group3116behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA9NA234NA5950NANANA2.95NANANANANA182.52NA3.666666667NANANANANANANA01
criterion, hearing loss, scheduling
nonnative
masamad(300)-masamad(500)
mAsAmAd(300)-mAsAmAd(500)
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 745/900/2400; F1/F2/F3.2: 745/900/2400; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rising-falling (last syllable); other: steady state; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 650; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
74590074590010451245300500NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:6000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:5;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA; other measures: DI scores:(Hit-FA)/no.change=0.29 and "t" based on DI=7.46
no
children in group 3 were tested on all masamad, thus consecutive 3 lines are within subject on different days; see other results
yesnosynthetic
26
Eilers1984
Eilers, R. E., Bull, D. H., Oller, D. K., & Lewis, D. C. (1984). The discrimination of vowel duration by infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75(4), 1213–1218.
Eilers, Bull, Oller, & Lewis (1984)yesSho Tsuji1group3116behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA9NA234NA6450NANANA3.44NANANANANA182.52NA3.666666667NANANANANANANA01
criterion, hearing loss, scheduling
nonnative
masamad(300)-masamad(600)
mAsAmAd(300)-mAsAmAd(600)
not_looked_up
0NA000001
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 745/900/2400; F1/F2/F3.2: 745/900/2400; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rising-falling (last syllable); other: steady state; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 650; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
74590074590010451345300600NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:6000;nb.tokens.trial:1;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:30;CHT.Max.nb.visits:5;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA; other measures: DI scores:(Hit-FA)/no.change=0.31 and "t" based on DI= 3.85
no
children in group 3 were tested on all masamad, thus consecutive 3 lines are within subject on different days; see other results
yesnosynthetic
27
Polka1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421–435.
Polka & Werker (1994)yesSho Tsuji16-8m_uy122behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
Canadian English
typicalNANA10NA209.52NANANANANANANANANANANANA52.42NA5.5NANANANANANANA1.252.25
criterion, fussiness, scheduling, eq failure
nonnativedut-dytdu:t-dy:tGerman00200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; duration 169.4-206; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 742-1170; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 1658-1739; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in: prototypicality
NANANANANANA187.7187.7NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4500;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
very unlikely that anything can be used from this study as 1' shown in figures but no SD given anywhere; there is one anova comparing order conditions but collapsing between tense and lax conditions
yesyesnatural
28
Polka1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421–435.
Polka & Werker (1994)yesSho Tsuji16-8m_yu123behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
Canadian English
typicalNANA10NA209.52NANANANANANANANANANANANA52.42NA5.5NANANANANANANA1.252.25
criterion, fussiness, scheduling, eq failure
nonnativedyt-dutdy:t-du:tGerman01200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; duration 169.4-206; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 1658-1739; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 742-1170; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in: prototypicality
NANANANANANA187.7187.7NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4500;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.8; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
very unlikely that anything can be used from this study as 1' shown in figures but no SD given anywhere; there is one anova comparing order conditions but collapsing between tense and lax conditions
yesyesnatural
29
Polka1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421–435.
Polka & Werker (1994)yesSho Tsuji110-12m_uy124behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
Canadian English
typicalNANA7NA310.2NANANANANANANANANANANANA59.42NA3.75NANANANANANANA0.251.5
criterion, fussiness, scheduling, eq failure
nonnativedut-dytdu:t-dy:tGerman00200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; duration 169.4-206; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 742-1170; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 1658-1739; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in:
NANANANANANA187.7187.7NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4500;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.12; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
very unlikely that anything can be used from this study as 1' shown in figures but no SD given anywhere; there is one anova comparing order conditions but collapsing between tense and lax conditions
yesyesnatural
30
Polka1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421–435.
Polka & Werker (1994)yesSho Tsuji110-12m_yu125behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
Canadian English
typicalNANA7NA310.2NANANANANANANANANANANANA59.42NA3.75NANANANANANANA0.251.5
criterion, fussiness, scheduling, eq failure
nonnativedyt-dutdy:t-du:tGerman01200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; duration 169.4-206; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 1658-1739; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 742-1170; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in:
NANANANANANA187.7187.7NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4500;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.12; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
very unlikely that anything can be used from this study as 1' shown in figures but no SD given anywhere; there is one anova comparing order conditions but collapsing between tense and lax conditions
yesyesnatural
31
Polka1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421–435.
Polka & Werker (1994)yesSho Tsuji16-8m_UY122behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
Canadian English
typicalNANA10NA209.52NANANANANANANANANANANANA52.42NA5.5NANANANANANANA1.252.25
criterion, fussiness, scheduling, eq failure
nonnativedʊt-dʏtdUt-dYtGerman00200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; duration 76.4-105.1; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 1099-1353; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 1566-1658; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in:
NANANANANANA90.7590.75NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4500;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.12; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
very unlikely that anything can be used from this study as 1' shown in figures but no SD given anywhere; there is one anova comparing order conditions but collapsing between tense and lax conditions
yesyesnatural
32
Polka1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421–435.
Polka & Werker (1994)yesSho Tsuji16-8m_YU123behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
Canadian English
typicalNANA10NA209.52NANANANANANANANANANANANA52.42NA5.5NANANANANANANA1.252.25
criterion, fussiness, scheduling, eq failure
nonnativedʏt-dʊtdYt-dUtGerman01200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; duration 76.4-105.1; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 1566-1658; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 1099-1353; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in:
NANANANANANA90.7590.75NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4500;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.6; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
very unlikely that anything can be used from this study as 1' shown in figures but no SD given anywhere; there is one anova comparing order conditions but collapsing between tense and lax conditions
yesyesnatural
33
Polka1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421–435.
Polka & Werker (1994)yesSho Tsuji110-12m_UY124behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
Canadian English
typicalNANA7NA310.2NANANANANANANANANANANANA59.42NA3.75NANANANANANANA0.251.5
criterion, fussiness, scheduling, eq failure
nonnativedʊt-dʏtdUt-dYtGerman00200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; duration 76.4-105.1; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 1099-1353; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 1566-1658; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in:
NANANANANANA90.7590.75NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4500;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
very unlikely that anything can be used from this study as 1' shown in figures but no SD given anywhere; there is one anova comparing order conditions but collapsing between tense and lax conditions
yesyesnatural
34
Polka1994
Polka, L., & Werker, J. F. (1994). Developmental changes in perception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Journal of experimental psychology: Human perception and performance, 20(2), 421–435.
Polka & Werker (1994)yesSho Tsuji110-12m_YU125behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
Canadian English
typicalNANA7NA310.2NANANANANANANANANANANANA59.42NA3.75NANANANANANANA0.251.5
criterion, fussiness, scheduling, eq failure
nonnativedʏt-dʊtdYt-dUtGerman01200000
comments_F: rangeover 6 tokens, for F2 only; duration 76.4-105.1; F1/F2/F3.1: F2 1566-1658; F1/F2/F3.2: F2 1099-1353; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 69; differ.in:
NANANANANANA90.7590.75NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:6;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:4500;CHT.criterion:7 out of 8;CHT.criterionByChance:0.0625;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.12; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
very unlikely that anything can be used from this study as 1' shown in figures but no SD given anywhere; there is one anova comparing order conditions but collapsing between tense and lax conditions
yesyesnatural
35
Kuhl1992
Kuhl, P. K.,Williams, K. A., Lacerda, F., Stevens, K. N., & Lindblom, B. (1992). Linguistic Experience Alters Phonetic Perception in Infants by 6 Months of Age. Science, 255(5044), 606-608. doi: 10.1126/science.1736364
Kuhl et al. (1992)yesSho Tsuji1NA130behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_oneSwedishtypicalNANA16NA182.52NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANAnonnativei-yi:-y:Swedish00000000
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: Values for variants at 30,60,90,120 vertical, horizontal and diagonal axes from center.; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 1729; SOA: 2000; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
NANANANA271271271271NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:16 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnonosynthetic
36
Kuhl1992
Kuhl, P. K.,Williams, K. A., Lacerda, F., Stevens, K. N., & Lindblom, B. (1992). Linguistic Experience Alters Phonetic Perception in Infants by 6 Months of Age. Science, 255(5044), 606-608. doi: 10.1126/science.1736364
Kuhl et al. (1992)yesSho Tsuji1NA131behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA16NA182.52NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANAnonnativey-iy:-i:Swedish01000000
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: Values for variants at 30,60,90,120 vertical, horizontal and diagonal axes from center.; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 1729; SOA: 2000; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
NANANANA271271271271NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:17 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnonosynthetic
37
Kuhl1992
Kuhl, P. K.,Williams, K. A., Lacerda, F., Stevens, K. N., & Lindblom, B. (1992). Linguistic Experience Alters Phonetic Perception in Infants by 6 Months of Age. Science, 255(5044), 606-608. doi: 10.1126/science.1736364
Kuhl et al. (1992)yesSho Tsuji1NA132behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA16NA182.52NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANAnonnativei-yi:-y:Swedish00000000
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: Values for variants at 30,60,90,120 vertical, horizontal and diagonal axes from center.; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 1729; SOA: 2000; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
NANANANA271271271271NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:18 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnonosynthetic
38
Kuhl1992
Kuhl, P. K.,Williams, K. A., Lacerda, F., Stevens, K. N., & Lindblom, B. (1992). Linguistic Experience Alters Phonetic Perception in Infants by 6 Months of Age. Science, 255(5044), 606-608. doi: 10.1126/science.1736364
Kuhl et al. (1992)yesSho Tsuji1NA133behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_oneSwedishtypicalNANA16NA182.52NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANAnonnativey-iy:-i:Swedish01000000
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: Values for variants at 30,60,90,120 vertical, horizontal and diagonal axes from center.; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 1729; SOA: 2000; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
NANANANA271271271271NANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:19 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnonosynthetic
39
Polka1996
Polka, L, & Bohn, O. (1996). A cross‐language comparison of vowel perception in English‐learning and German‐learning infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 100(1), 577-592.
Polka & Bohn (1996)yesSho Tsuji2NA136behaviorconditioningCHTa_primewithin_one
Canadian English
typicalNANA10NA268.57NA0.8240.5NANANANANANANANA
20;0.524;0.764;2;17.76
160.1NA6.5NANANANANANANA23.5
criterion, scheduling, fussiness, eq error
nonnativedyt-dutdy:t-du:t
not_looked_up
01200000
comments_F: mean F of mid-vowel, onset/offset& range available; F1/F2/F3.1: 249/1582/1945; F1/F2/F3.2: 253/715/2182; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: 6 tokens per contrast; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 68; differ.in:
2491582253715379383NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4800;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:27 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 1; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
means estimated from a graph, SD derived from ANOVAs comparing directions for collapsing across groups, and then extrapolated to each separate group
yesnonatural
40
Polka1996
Polka, L, & Bohn, O. (1996). A cross‐language comparison of vowel perception in English‐learning and German‐learning infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 100(1), 577-592.
Polka & Bohn (1996)yesSho Tsuji2NA134behaviorconditioningCHTa_primewithin_one
German Germany
typicalNANA10NA274.2641NA0.4280.5NANANANANANANANANA175.4882NA8.5NANANANANANANA16.5
criterion, scheduling, fussiness, eq error
nonnativedæt-dɛtd{t-dEtAEnglish00010010
comments_F: mean F of mid-vowel, onset/offset& range available; F1/F2/F3.1: 893/1736/2540; F1/F2/F3.2: 700/1902/2784; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: 6 tokens per contrast; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 68; differ.in:
89317367001902437437NANA0.073617988830.07070030572
R.Daland corpus, overall vowel counts
0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4800;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:20 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.1; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
means estimated from a graph, SD derived from ANOVAs comparing directions for collapsing across groups, and then extrapolated to each separate group
yesnonatural
41
Polka1996
Polka, L, & Bohn, O. (1996). A cross‐language comparison of vowel perception in English‐learning and German‐learning infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 100(1), 577-592.
Polka & Bohn (1996)yesSho Tsuji2NA135behaviorconditioningCHTa_primewithin_one
German Germany
typicalNANA10NA274.2641NA0.6920.5NANANANANANANANANA175.4882NA8.5NANANANANANANA16.5
criterion, scheduling, fussiness, eq error
nonnativedɛt-dætdEt-d{tAEnglish01010010
comments_F: mean F of mid-vowel, onset/offset& range available; F1/F2/F3.1: 700/1902/2784; F1/F2/F3.2: 893/1736/2540; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: 6 tokens per contrast; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 68; differ.in:
70019028931736437437NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4800;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:21 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.6; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
means estimated from a graph, SD derived from ANOVAs comparing directions for collapsing across groups, and then extrapolated to each separate group
yesnonatural
42
Polka1996
Polka, L, & Bohn, O. (1996). A cross‐language comparison of vowel perception in English‐learning and German‐learning infants. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 100(1), 577-592.
Polka & Bohn (1996)yesSho Tsuji2NA137behaviorconditioningCHTa_primewithin_one
Canadian English
typicalNANA10NA268.57NA0.5240.5NANANANANANANANANA160.1NA6.5NANANANANANANA23.5
criterion, scheduling, fussiness, eq error
nonnativedut-dytdu:t-dy:tGerman00200000
comments_F: mean F of mid-vowel, onset/offset& range available; F1/F2/F3.1: 253/715/2182; F1/F2/F3.2: 249/1582/1945; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: 6 tokens per contrast; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 68; differ.in:
2537152491582383379NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4800;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:26 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: 0.4; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
means estimated from a graph, SD derived from ANOVAs comparing directions for collapsing across groups, and then extrapolated to each separate group
yesnonatural
43
Albareda2011
Albareda-Castellot, B., Pons, F., & Sebastián-Gallés, N. (2011). The acquisition of phonetic categories in bilingual infants: new data from an anticipatory eye movement paradigm. Developmental Science, 14(2), 395-401.
Albareda-Castellot et al. (2011)yesSho Tsuji2NA145
eye-tracking
conditioningAEMtarget_selectionwithin_one
Peninsular Spanish
typicalNANA18NA239NA5350NA9NANANANANANANA19NA17NANANANA48
criterion, fussiness, side bias
nonnativedεði -deði_dEDi -deDi_
not_looked_up
1NA000010
comments_F: F1 & F2 taken from 150-200 ms central section of vowel. Stim characteristics taken from Bosch & S-G, 2003; F1/F2/F3.1: 675/2527; F1/F2/F3.2: 442/2717; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: first syllable stressed. 18 tokens from 5 female talkers. ; voice: female; IDS: no; naturalness: natural; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 65; differ.in:
67525274422717761.9792.8NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:T-shaped occluder (60*42), elmao cartoon (16*20cm);size.in:99*86;dist.from.child.in:29.5;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:29 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no;nononatural
44
Benderssubmitted
Benders, T. (submitted). Learning phonemes from multiple auditory cues: Dutch infants' language input and perception.
Benders (submitted)noSho Tsuji1NA149
eye-tracking
test_onlySAlooking_timewithin_oneDutchtypicalNANA18NA350NA0.90167661NA0.2859144NANANANANANANA71.4NA14.5NANANANANANANA1.511.5
fussiness, bilingual, premature, criterion
nonnative
sɑk -sak/sɑ:k -sa:k
sɑk -sak/sɑ:k -sa:k
not_looked_up
NANA100000
comments_F: length equal for s1 and s2, could either be 150 or 300 ms, but no difference. Coded first possibility ; F1/F2/F3.1: 1001/1354; F1/F2/F3.2: 1113/1734; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: female/synth; IDS: NA; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
1001135411131734150150NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:1;max.trial.duration:10;nb.tokens.trial:8;visual.stim:checkerboard;size.in:17;dist.from.child.in:60;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAyesyessynthetic
45
Benderssubmitted
Benders, T. (submitted). Learning phonemes from multiple auditory cues: Dutch infants' language input and perception.
Benders (submitted)noSho Tsuji1NA149
eye-tracking
test_onlySAlooking_timewithin_oneDutchtypicalNANA18NA350NA0.94635121NA0.3513713NANANANANANANA71.4NA14.5NANANANANANANA1.511.5
fussiness, bilingual, premature, criterion
nonnative
sɑk-sɑ:k/sak-sa:k
sɑk-sɑ:k/sak-sa:k
not_looked_up
NANA000001
comments_F: quality equal for s1 and s2, either formants of long or short vowel. Coded first; F1/F2/F3.1: 1001/1354; F1/F2/F3.2: 1001/1354; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: female/synth; IDS: NA; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
1001135410011354150300NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:1;max.trial.duration:10;nb.tokens.trial:8;visual.stim:checkerboard;size.in:17;dist.from.child.in:60;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAyesyessynthetic
46
Benderssubmitted
Benders, T. (submitted). Learning phonemes from multiple auditory cues: Dutch infants' language input and perception.
Benders (submitted)noSho Tsuji2NA150
eye-tracking
test_onlySAlooking_timewithin_oneDutchtypicalNANA24NA460.6NA1.00044841NA0.4343337NANANANANANANA39.2NA14.5NANANANANANANA1.511.5
fussiness, bilingual, premature, criterion
nonnative
sɑk -sak/sɑ:k -sa:k
sɑk -sak/sɑ:k -sa:k
not_looked_up
NANA100000
comments_F: length equal for s1 and s2, could either be 150 or 300 ms, but no difference. Coded first possibility ; F1/F2/F3.1: 1001/1354; F1/F2/F3.2: 1113/1734; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: female/synth; IDS: NA; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
1001135411131734150150NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:1;max.trial.duration:10;nb.tokens.trial:8;visual.stim:checkerboard;size.in:17;dist.from.child.in:60;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAyesyessynthetic
47
Benderssubmitted
Benders, T. (submitted). Learning phonemes from multiple auditory cues: Dutch infants' language input and perception.
Benders (submitted)noSho Tsuji2NA150
eye-tracking
test_onlySAlooking_timewithin_oneDutchtypicalNANA24NA460.6NA0.96788991NA0.5548699NANANANANANANA39.2NA14.5NANANANANANANA1.511.5
fussiness, bilingual, premature, criterion
nonnative
sɑk-sɑ:k/sak-sa:k
sɑk-sɑ:k/sak-sa:k
not_looked_up
NANA000001
comments_F: quality equal for s1 and s2, either formants of long or short vowel. Coded first; F1/F2/F3.1: 1001/1354; F1/F2/F3.2: 1001/1354; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: female/synth; IDS: NA; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
1001135410011354150300NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:1;max.trial.duration:10;nb.tokens.trial:8;visual.stim:checkerboard;size.in:17;dist.from.child.in:60;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAyesyessynthetic
48
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji1NA155
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA27NA141.1488NANANA0.42.782.9NANANANA0.57NA28.5948NA14NANANANA11NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativebi:k-be:kbi:k-be:kGerman00010000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 270/F2 2620; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 360/F2 2550; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 224.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
27026203602550655625NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
49
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji1NA155
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA27NA141.1488NANANA0.222.923.09NANANANA0.46NA28.5948NA14NANANANA11NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativebe:k-bi:kbe:k-bi:kGerman01010000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 270/F2 2620; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 360/F2 2550; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 224.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
36025502702620655625NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
50
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji1NA156
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA28NA309.9798NANANA2.13.183.28NANANANA0.49NA28.2906NA16NANANANA8NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativebi:k-be:kbi:k-be:kGerman00010000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 270/F2 2620; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 360/F2 2550; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 224.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
27026203602550655625NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
51
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji1NA156
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA28NA309.9798NANANA1.162.892.76NANANANA0.12NA28.2906NA16NANANANA8NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativebe:k-bi:kbe:k-bi:kGerman01010000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 270/F2 2620; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 360/F2 2550; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 224.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
36025502702620655625NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
52
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji2NA157
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA28NA143.2782NANANA0.181.41.92NANANANA0.34NA28.5948NA22NANANANA16NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativebu:k-bo:kbu:k-bo:kGerman00010000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 390/F2 720; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 470/F2 750; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 245; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
390720470750660630NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
53
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji2NA157
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA28NA143.2782NANANA1.332.282.68NANANANA0.59NA28.5948NA22NANANANA16NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativebo:k-bu:kbo:k-bu:kGerman01010000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 390/F2 720; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 470/F2 750; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 245; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
470750390720660630NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
54
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji2NA158
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA28NA312.4134NANANA-0.143.132.85NANANANA0.22NA30.42NA20NANANANA13NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativebu:k-bo:kbu:k-bo:kGerman00010000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 390/F2 720; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 470/F2 750; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 245; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
390720470750660630NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
55
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji2NA158
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA28NA312.4134NANANA13.13.94NANANANA0.6NA30.42NA20NANANANA13NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativebo:k-bu:kbo:k-bu:kGerman01010000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 390/F2 720; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 470/F2 750; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 245; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
470750390720660630NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
56
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji3NA159
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA28NA139.3236NANANA1.432.142.6NANANANA0.35NA30.42NA18NANANANA14NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativebu:k-by:kbu:k-by:kGerman00200000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 390/F2 720; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 350/F2 1870; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 244.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
3907203501870660656NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
57
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji3NA159
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA28NA139.3236NANANA0.741.932.98NANANANA0.55NA30.42NA18NANANANA14NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativeby:k-bu:kby:k-bu:kGerman01200000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 390/F2 720; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 350/F2 1870; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 244.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
3501870390720660656NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
58
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji3NA160
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA30NA304.2NANANA0.762.883.75NANANANA0.62NA27.378NA13NANANANA7NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativebu:k-by:kbu:k-by:kGerman00200000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 390/F2 720; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 350/F2 1870; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 244.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
3907203501870660656NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
59
Mazuka2013
Mazuka, R., Hasegawa, M., & Tsuji, S. (2013). Development of non-native vowel discrimination: Improvement without exposure. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(2), 192-209.
Mazuka, Hasegawa, & Tsuji (2013)yesSho Tsuji3NA160
eye-tracking
habituationCFlooking_timewithin_twoJapanesetypicalNANA30NA304.2NANANA0.553.923.37NANANANA0.43NA27.378NA13NANANANA7NA
fussiness, eq error, exp error, parental interference, infant behavior
nonnativeby:k-bu:kby:k-bu:kGerman01200000
comments_F: mean over 10 tokens; F1/F2/F3.1: F1 390/F2 720; F1/F2/F3.2: F1 350/F2 1870; min.f0: NA; average.f0: 244.5; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: flat; other: NA; voice: female; IDS: yes; naturalness: natural; ISI: 1500; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
3501870390720660656NANANANANA0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:35;proportion.same.change:0.5;max.trial.duration:15000;nb.tokens.trial:10;visual.stim:red & black checkerboard;size.in:19;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:first;CF.window.size:4;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:28;CF.contrast:same-switch;CF.ntest:2;CF.testDetails:counterbalanced for order of same-switch;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAnoyesnatural
60
Minagawa-Kawai2007a
Minagawa-Kawai, Y., Mori, K., Naoi, N., & Koijima, S. (2007). Neural Attunement Processes in Infants during the Acquisition of a Language-Specific Phonemic Contrast. The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(2), 315–321.
Minagawa-Kawai et al. (2007)yesSho Tsuji1NA161NIRStest_onlySAlaterality_indexwithin_oneJapanesetypicalNANA15NA106.47NA-0.001338681130NA0.2874147764NA5.275NANANANANA30.42NA8NANANA
activation_difference
0.21307142860.1559947507NANANA
fussiness, motion artifacts, probe placement, parental interference, exp error
nonnative
mama -mama:
mama -mama:
JapaneseNANA000001
comments_F: F was always the same, but not reported. Length always differed in 33 ms steps. In this condition, length differences reflect same native category. could either be session AB (151-184) or CD (217-250). I coded first possibility here F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: across category length contrast; voice: ; IDS: ; naturalness: ; ISI: ; SOA: ; ambient.noise: ; snr: ; differ.in:
NANANANANANA151184NANANA0NA
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
ts were reported separately for left and right hemisphere, we code average over both (which results in the same as claculating average ES afterwards)
yesyessynthetic
61
Minagawa-Kawai2007a
Minagawa-Kawai, Y., Mori, K., Naoi, N., & Koijima, S. (2007). Neural Attunement Processes in Infants during the Acquisition of a Language-Specific Phonemic Contrast. The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(2), 315–321.
Minagawa-Kawai et al. (2007)yesSho Tsuji1NA162NIRStest_onlySAlaterality_indexwithin_oneJapanesetypicalNANA14NA197.73NA0.06896219440NA0.3424354636NA5.46NANANANANA30.42NA10NANANA
activation_difference
0.15350.09978419021NANANA
fussiness, motion artifacts, probe placement, parental interference, exp error
nonnative
mama -mama:
mama -mama:
JapaneseNANA000001
comments_F: F was always the same, but not reported. Length always differed in 33 ms steps. In this condition, length differences reflect same native category. could either be session AB (151-184) or CD (217-250). I coded first possibility here F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: across category length contrast; voice: ; IDS: ; naturalness: ; ISI: ; SOA: ; ambient.noise: ; snr: ; differ.in:
NANANANANANA151184NANANA0NA
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAyesyessynthetic
62
Minagawa-Kawai2007a
Minagawa-Kawai, Y., Mori, K., Naoi, N., & Koijima, S. (2007). Neural Attunement Processes in Infants during the Acquisition of a Language-Specific Phonemic Contrast. The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(2), 315–321.
Minagawa-Kawai et al. (2007)yesSho Tsuji1NA163NIRStest_onlySAlaterality_indexwithin_oneJapanesetypicalNANA11NA319.41NA0.049390801940NA0.2133121597NA2.2NANANANANA30.42NA17NANANA
activation_difference
0.25070.4050439633NANANA
fussiness, motion artifacts, probe placement, parental interference, exp error
nonnative
mama -mama:
mama -mama:
JapaneseNANA000001
comments_F: F was always the same, but not reported. Length always differed in 33 ms steps. In this condition, length differences reflect same native category. could either be session AB (151-184) or CD (217-250). I coded first possibility here F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: across category length contrast; voice: ; IDS: ; naturalness: ; ISI: ; SOA: ; ambient.noise: ; snr: ; differ.in:
NANANANANANA151184NANANA0NA
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAyesyessynthetic
63
Minagawa-Kawai2007a
Minagawa-Kawai, Y., Mori, K., Naoi, N., & Koijima, S. (2007). Neural Attunement Processes in Infants during the Acquisition of a Language-Specific Phonemic Contrast. The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(2), 315–321.
Minagawa-Kawai et al. (2007)yesSho Tsuji1NA164NIRStest_onlySAlaterality_indexwithin_oneJapanesetypicalNANA9NA410.67NA0.00029200972980NA0.1532134999NA4.01NANANANANA60.84NA19NANANA
activation_difference
0.099619047620.06340380791NANANA
fussiness, motion artifacts, probe placement, parental interference, exp error
nonnative
mama -mama:
mama -mama:
JapaneseNANA000001
comments_F: F was always the same, but not reported. Length always differed in 33 ms steps. In this condition, length differences reflect same native category. could either be session AB (151-184) or CD (217-250). I coded first possibility here F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: across category length contrast; voice: ; IDS: ; naturalness: ; ISI: ; SOA: ; ambient.noise: ; snr: ; differ.in:
NANANANANANA151184NANANA0NA
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
info retrieved by personal communication. Assumed control group with 0 change for ES calculation
yesyessynthetic
64
Minagawa-Kawai2007b
Minagawa-Kawai, Y., Naoi, N., Nishijima, N., Kojima, S., & Dupoux, E. (2007). Developmental Changes in Cerebral Responses to Native and Non-Native Vowels: A NIRS Study]. Proceedings of the International Conference of Phonetic Sciences XVI.
Minagawa-Kawai et al. (2007b)NASho Tsuji1NA170NIRStest_onlySAlaterality_indexwithin_oneJapanese typicalNANA12NA119NA0.026767414160NA0.2691283225NANANANANANANANANA20NANANA
activation_difference
0.2246250.1844674693NANANA
motion artifacts, scheduling
nonnativeɯ-u_M-u_JapaneseNANA100100
comments_F: 220 Hz F2 difference between S1 and S2, no absolute values reported; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: ; IDS: ; naturalness: ; ISI: ; SOA: 1250 ms ; ambient.noise: ; snr: ; differ.in:
NANANANANANANANANANANA0NA
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
info retrieved by personal communication. Assumed control group with 0 change for ES calculation
yesyessynthetic
65
Minagawa-Kawai2007b
Minagawa-Kawai, Y., Naoi, N., Nishijima, N., Kojima, S., & Dupoux, E. (2007). Developmental Changes in Cerebral Responses to Native and Non-Native Vowels: A NIRS Study]. Proceedings of the International Conference of Phonetic Sciences XVI.
Minagawa-Kawai et al. (2007b)NASho Tsuji1NA170NIRStest_onlySAlaterality_indexwithin_oneJapanese typicalNANA12NA229NA0.0035495063550NA0.1189987249NANANANANANANANANA20NANANA
activation_difference
0.16970.1042850421NANANA
motion artifacts, scheduling
nonnativeɯ-u_M-u_JapaneseNANA100100
comments_F: 220 Hz F2 difference between S1 and S2, no absolute values reported; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: ; IDS: ; naturalness: ; ISI: ; SOA: 1250 ms ; ambient.noise: ; snr: ; differ.in:
NANANANANANANANANANANA0NA
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
info retrieved by personal communication. Assumed control group with 0 change for ES calculation
yesyessynthetic
66
Jansson-Verkalo2010
Jansson-Verkalo, E., Ruusuvirta, T., Huotilainen, M., Alku, P., Kushnerenko, E., Suominen, K., Rytky, S., Luotonen, M., Kaukola, T., Tolonen, U., Hallman, M., (2010). Atypical perceptual narrowing in prematurely born infants is associated with compromised language acquisition at 2 years of age. BMC Neuroscience, 11-88.
Jansson-Verkalo et al. (2010)yesSho Tsuji1NA173EEGtest_onlyoddballpeak_amplitudewithin_oneFinnishtypicalNANA13NA182.52NA0.5410NA1.24NANANANANANANA84NANANANANANANANANANANANAnonnativee-õ _e-7_X-Sampal1NA100100
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: ; IDS: ; naturalness: ; ISI: ; SOA: ; ambient.noise: ; snr: ; differ.in:
NANANANANANANANANANANA0NA
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAyesyessynthetic
67
Jansson-Verkalo2010
Jansson-Verkalo, E., Ruusuvirta, T., Huotilainen, M., Alku, P., Kushnerenko, E., Suominen, K., Rytky, S., Luotonen, M., Kaukola, T., Tolonen, U., Hallman, M., (2010). Atypical perceptual narrowing in prematurely born infants is associated with compromised language acquisition at 2 years of age. BMC Neuroscience, 11-88.
Jansson-Verkalo et al. (2010)yesSho Tsuji1NA173EEGtest_onlyoddballpeak_amplitudewithin_oneFinnishtypicalNANA13NA365.04NA-0.3230NA1.19NANANANANANANA168NANANANANANANANANANANANAnonnativee-õ_e-7_X-Sampal1NA100100
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: NA; F1/F2/F3.2: NA; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f1: NA; pitch.contour: NA; other: NA; voice: ; IDS: ; naturalness: ; ISI: ; SOA: ; ambient.noise: ; snr: ; differ.in:
NANANANANANANANANANANA0NA
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
noNAyesyessynthetic
68
Kuhl1991
Kuhl, P. (1991). Human adults and human infant s show a 'perceptual magnet effect' for the prototypes of speech categories, monkeys do not. Perception & Psychophysics, 50(2), 93-107.
Kuhl (1991)yesSho Tsuji3NA142behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA16NA197.73NA61.750NANANANANANANANANANANA6NANANANANANANA00
criterion, scheduling
nonnativei-i'i-i'
not_looked_up
0NA000000
comments_F: F1-F3 for center vowels taken from Peterson and Barney (1952); 32 variant stimuli created. F3 constant & reported in paper. F1.1 & F2.1 looked up in Peterson & Barney. F1.2 and F2.2 computed the following way: The center of i' (poor i example) was -90 mel horizontal (F1) and 90 mel vertical (F2) from center of good exemplar. Thus, ; F1/F2/F3.1: 270/2290/3010; F1/F2/F3.2: 212/2348/3010; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rise-fall; other: Good i vs. variants. Values for variants at 30,60,90,120 vertical, horizontal and diagonal axes from 'good' i. F1 & F2 varied, F3 constant; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
270229021223485005005005009.35%9.35%
R.Daland corpus, overall vowel counts
0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no;nonosynthetic
69
Kuhl1991
Kuhl, P. (1991). Human adults and human infant s show a 'perceptual magnet effect' for the prototypes of speech categories, monkeys do not. Perception & Psychophysics, 50(2), 93-107.
Kuhl (1991)yesSho Tsuji3NA143behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA16NA197.73NA73.250NANANANANANANANANANANA7NANANANANANANA00
criterion, scheduling
nonnativei'-ii'-i
not_looked_up
0NA000000
comments_F: F1-F3 for center vowels taken from Peterson and Barney (1952); 32 variant stimuli created. F3 constant & reported in paper. F1.1 & F2.1 looked up in Peterson & Barney. F1.2 and F2.2 computed the following way: The center of i' (poor i example) was -90 mel horizontal (F1) and 90 mel vertical (F2) from center of good exemplar. Thus, ; F1/F2/F3.1: 212/2348/3010; F1/F2/F3.2: 270/2290/3010; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rise-fall; other: Bad i vs. variants. Values for variants at 30,60,90,120 vertical, horizontal and diagonal axes from 'poor' i. F1 & F2 varied, F3 constant; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: NA; snr: NA; differ.in:
212234827022905005005005009.35%9.35%
R.Daland corpus, overall vowel counts
0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no;nonosynthetic
70
Grieser1989
Grieser, D., & Kuhl, P. K. (1989). Categorization of Speech by Infants: Support for Speech-Sound Prototypes. Developmental Psychology, 25(4), 577–588.
Grieser & Kuhl (1989)yesSho Tsuji2prototype127behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA16NA184.9536NA64.850NANANANANANANANA
16;77.5;;;9.4
30.42NA7NANANANANANANA34.5
fussiness, criterion
nonnativei-i'i-i'
not_looked_up
0NA000000
comments_F: F1-F3 for center vowels taken from Peterson and Barney (1952); 32 variant stimuli created. F3 constant & reported in paper. F1.1 & F2.1 looked up in Peterson & Barney. F1.2 and F2.2 computed the following way: The center of i' (poor i example) was -90 mel horizontal (F1) and 90 mel vertical (F2) from center of good exemplar. Thus, ; F1/F2/F3.1: 270/2290/3010; F1/F2/F3.2: 212/2348/3010; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rise-fall; other: Good i vs. variants. Values for variants at 30,60,90,120 vertical, horizontal and diagonal axes from 'good' i. F1 & F2 varied, F3 constant; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 1500; SOA: 2000; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
270229021223485005005005009.35%9.35%
R.Daland corpus, overall vowel counts
0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no;P groupnonosynthetic
71
Grieser1989
Grieser, D., & Kuhl, P. K. (1989). Categorization of Speech by Infants: Support for Speech-Sound Prototypes. Developmental Psychology, 25(4), 577–588.
Grieser & Kuhl (1989)yesSho Tsuji2
nonprototype
128behaviorconditioningCHTpc_head_turnswithin_one
American English
typicalNANA16NA184.9536NA77.550NANANANANANANANANA30.42NA8NANANANANANANA34.5
fussiness, criterion
nonnativei'-ii'-i
not_looked_up
0NA000000
comments_F: F1-F3 for center vowels taken from Peterson and Barney (1952); 32 variant stimuli created. F3 constant & reported in paper. F1.1 & F2.1 looked up in Peterson & Barney. F1.2 and F2.2 computed the following way: The center of i' (poor i example) was -90 mel horizontal (F1) and 90 mel vertical (F2) from center of good exemplar. Thus, ; F1/F2/F3.1: 212/2348/3010; F1/F2/F3.2: 270/2290/3010; min.f0: NA; average.f0: NA; max.f0: NA; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: rise-fall; other: Bad i vs. variants. Values for variants at 30,60,90,120 vertical, horizontal and diagonal axes from 'poor' i. F1 & F2 varied, F3 constant; voice: male; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: 1500; SOA: 2000; ambient.noise: NA; snr: 60; differ.in:
212234827022905005005005009.35%9.35%
R.Daland corpus, overall vowel counts
0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:NA;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:4500;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:6000;CHT.criterion:9 out of 10;CHT.criterionByChance:0.03125;CHT.maximum.trials:40;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no;NP groupnonosynthetic
72
Swoboda1976
Swoboda, P.J., Morse, P.A., & Leavitt, L.A. (1976). Continuous Vowel Discrimination in Normal and At Risk Infants. Child Development 47(2), 459-465.
Swoboda, Morse, & Leavitt (1976)yesSho Tsuji1NA6behaviorhabituationHASsucking_timebetween
American English
mixedexperimentalcontrol202056.956.95.83-2.8NANANANANANANANANA141445.1545.15NANANANANANA26.1876.321
fussiness, sleeping, criterion, eq error, exp error
nonnativei-I'_i-I'_
not_looked_up
1NA000010
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 270/2300/3019 i1 or I7 374/2070/2666; F1/F2/F3.2: 298/2226/2902 i1 or I5 336/2144/2776; min.f0: 125; average.f0: NA; max.f0: 80; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: falling; other: synthesized (Pisoni), 240 ms long, 3 formants with terminal F0 that fell linearly from 125-80H. Four stim varied in equal log steps from I to I. First two were cat. As I by adults, second two as I. Presented with 65db against 45 dB noise; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: 45; snr: 20; differ.in:
270230029822262402402402409.35%13.03%
R.Daland corpus, overall vowel counts
0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:20;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
data was sucks per minute;note this control group is the same as in the previous line
nonosynthetic
73
Swoboda1978
Swoboda, P.J., Morse, P.A., & Leavitt, L.A. (1976). Continuous Vowel Discrimination in Normal and At Risk Infants. Child Development 47(2), 459-465.
Swoboda, Morse, & Leavitt (1976)yesSho Tsuji1NA8behaviorhabituationHASsucking_timewithin_two
American English
mixedexperimentalcontrol30NA59.9NANANANANANANANANANANANA141445.545.5NANANANANANA17.53.5
fussiness, sleeping, criterion, eq error, exp error
nonnativei-I'_i-I'_
not_looked_up
1NA000010
comments_F: NA; F1/F2/F3.1: 270/2300/3019 i1 or I7 374/2070/2666; F1/F2/F3.2: 298/2226/2902 i1 or I5 336/2144/2776; min.f0: 125; average.f0: NA; max.f0: 80; range.f0: NA; pitch.contour: falling; other: synthesized (Pisoni), 240 ms long, 3 formants with terminal F0 that fell linearly from 125-80H. Four stim varied in equal log steps from I to I. First two were cat. As I by adults, second two as I. Presented with 65db against 45 dB noise; voice: NA; IDS: no; naturalness: synthetic; ISI: NA; SOA: NA; ambient.noise: 45; snr: 20; differ.in:
27023002982226606060609.35%13.03%
R.Daland corpus, overall vowel counts
0
fam.length:NA;habituation.criterion:20;proportion.same.change:NA;max.trial.duration:NA;nb.tokens.trial:NA;visual.stim:NA;size.in:NA;dist.from.child.in:NA;side.degrees:NA;CF.longest.first:NA;CF.window.size:NA;CF.min.hab:NA;CF.max.hab:NA;CF.contrast:NA;CF.ntest:NA;CF.testDetails:NA;CHT.responsetimeout:NA;CHT.criterion:NA;CHT.criterionByChance:NA;CHT.maximum.trials:NA;CHT.Max.nb.visits:NA;
proportion.infants.passed: NA; partial.eta.squared: NA; d: NA
no
Some statistics reported, but only on pre-post changes, as there is no control group. Not included in Tsuji&Cristia(2013), Developmental Psychobiology, bc difficult to compare to other HAS studies
nonosynthetic
74
Tsuji2017
Tsuji, S., Fikkert, P., Minagawa, Y., Dupoux, E., Filippin, L., Versteegh, M., Hagoort, P., & Cristia, A. (2017). The more, the better? Behavioral and neural correlates of frequent and infrequent vowel exposure. Developmental Psychobiology.
Tsuji et al. (2017)yesSho Tsuji1
beha_nonnative
194
eye-tracking
habituationHVHPlooking_timewithin_twoDutchtypicalNANA21NA196NA2.232.31NA0.610.9NANANANA0.556NA91NA9NA0.55NANANANANA54
fussiness, failure to habituate
nonnativehɛt-hæthEt-h{tDutch
0NA010001
Formants are means over the first quarter of vowel length. The values for the fourth quarter (relevant bc stimulus 2 is always diphtongized: F1_1: 444, F1_2: 350, F2_1: 2335, F2_2: 2527
81818659281879420428NANANANA0NANANANAnononatural
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