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CouncilType of councilTotal landholdings area m2 (2015)Total landholdings area acres (2015)Smallholding AuthorityCounty Farms 2018 let area (acres)NotesCAP payments data 2018
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CAMBRIDGESHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty143,551,97535,472Cambridgeshire 32,579 Includes land registered to old administrative county 'Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely County Council' (and misnamed 'Cambridge County Council'). Appears to be almost entirely County Farms, indeed have increased size of estate in recent years. Very small CAP subsidy income - presumably nearly all goes direct to tenants.£12,337.02
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CORNWALL COUNCILUnitary101,401,74325,057Cornwall 10,498 Doesn't seem to be a helpful map of council land on their website (at least not one that shows polygons/ boundaries). Cornwall Council own 26 beaches - see https://www.sas.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/Council-Owned-Beaches-3.pdf - and also own some foreshore, but really not much - vast majority here is owned by Duchy of Cornwall. Cf Cornish Forest plans. £60,440.41
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DURHAM COUNTY COUNCILUnitary101,376,63025,051Durham 1,217 See council's online map here: https://maps.durham.gov.uk/OLBasic/Index.aspx?appid=59. Larger areas include Local Nature Reserves, golf courses, playing fields and parks. Lots of CAP...£239,611.05
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NORFOLK COUNTY COUNCILCounty91,187,47522,533Norfolk 16,277 Have a commitment to maintaining a County Farms estate of 16,000 acres. Publish GIS data showing a) County Farms estate and b) other council land and property: http://maps.norfolk.gov.uk/inspire/#ncc Looks like other major landholdings include Breydon Water Nature Reserve, the former RAF Coltishall site, and Barnham Cross Common Nature Reserve. £418,243.09
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LEEDS CITY COUNCILMetropolitan District89,336,45122,075NoneC&C data for Leeds City Council: 8,758 land titles.£140,613.73
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WIRRAL BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District85,937,76521,236NoneMost of this acreage appears to be foreshore (c15,227 acres). Would tally with very small CAP subsidy income figure. In 2019 Wirral Council was heavily criticised for spraying glyphosate weedkiller to kill grass on its beaches: https://www.countrylife.co.uk/news/councils-decision-spray-weedkiller-hoylake-beach-called-dumbest-act-environmental-vandalism-201440£3,033.37
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LINCOLNSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty85,487,82221,124Lincolnshire 18,772 Appears to be mostly County Farms.£390,888.99
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SEFTON BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District74,763,98318,475NoneIncludes a huge amount of foreshore, as well as long stretches of coastline and beach, a large golf course, a caravan park, and a big area of salt marsh; c14,040 acres total. Little farmland - tallies with very small CAP subsidy income figure. £10,265.31
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STAFFORDSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty73,376,94518,132Staffordshire 8,250 Council website states they have an estate of 6,000 acres of country parks, biggest being Cannock Chase: https://apps2.staffordshire.gov.uk/WEB/OnTheMap/RuralAccess £293,710.93
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SHEFFIELD CITY COUNCILMetropolitan District66,202,44416,359NoneThey own two large moorlands in Peak District, bought in the 1930s. NB: a more recently-released GIS map of Sheffield Council landholdings can be found here: https://sheffield-city-council-open-data-sheffieldcc.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/83ee1c5688b04fda9a64dc2195682f8b_0 - measuring the area of the polygons suggests Sheffield Council in fact own 24,000 acres, more than the 2015 LR FOI data suggests.£104,952.25
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HAMPSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty63,924,82215,796Hampshire 4,660 See googledoc I've made using council's Asset Register, which breaks down holdings by type (county farms, country parks, nature reserves etc: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1j0E1ByzbqL2KHs34TP0BIewKWSpYVd17aucrmlCcU6g/edit?usp=sharing). Lots of CAP - nature reserves?£464,103.33
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BRIGHTON AND HOVE CITY COUNCILUnitary63,151,51315,605Brighton & Hove 10,078 Brighton and Hove Council own a big chunk of the South Downs; most let out as County Farms, some for golf courses, some for nature and walking. See their map here: https://www.brighton-hove.gov.uk/sites/brighton-hove.gov.uk/files/Land%20Use%202019%20A3.pdf and set of KML point files here: https://www.brighton-hove.gov.uk/content/council-and-democracy/council-finance-and-data#subtitle4. In 2016-17 the council was prevented from selling off a large area of its downland estate following a campaign by the local Friends of the Earth group: https://www.brightonandhoveindependent.co.uk/news/downland-sites-saved-sell-1141450£55,359.03
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SUFFOLK COUNTY COUNCILCounty63,133,89015,601Suffolk 12,251 Appears to be mostly County Farms.£167,426.01
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EAST SUSSEX COUNTY COUNCILCounty61,110,41815,101None (sold off)Data supposedly available here, but not in a comprehensible format: https://data.gov.uk/dataset/ec1cbb7a-02c0-4bf4-be6d-dd893372150e/freehold-and-non-freehold-interests-for-east-sussex-county-council£82,770.42
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HERTFORDSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty59,213,62914,632Hertfordshire 4,792 See map of land they own in East Hertfordshire (not whole county) they released under FOI in 2016: https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/a_complete_list_of_properties_ow£77,097.95
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DEVON COUNTY COUNCILCounty54,432,62913,451Devon 9,040 Cannot find a map of their land on their website.£140,746.70
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SURREY COUNTY COUNCILCounty54,052,16913,357Surrey 1,976 See https://www.surreycc.gov.uk/land-planning-and-development/countryside/our-estate£72,225.43
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LEICESTERSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty51,978,76812,844Leicestershire 6,743 See land ownership map released under FOI (Jan 2019): https://foi.infreemation.co.uk/leicestershire/files/157283/157283_2.pdf£134,134.74
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NOTTINGHAMSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty51,724,99912,782Nottinghamshire 1,337 Unclear if this online map shows land owned by Nottingham County or City: https://maps.nottinghamcity.gov.uk/insightmapping/#£131,161.82
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CHESHIRE EAST BOROUGH COUNCILUnitary49,856,08812,320Cheshire East 4,742 Cheshire East County Farms shown here: https://www.cheshireeast.gov.uk/pdf/cheshire%20east%20council%20map%20locations3.pdf£230,742.76
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SOMERSET COUNTY COUNCILCounty49,625,63412,263Somerset 3,433 Some council land, mostly County Farms?, shown on their s31.6 Highways Act landowner deposits map: https://roam.somerset.gov.uk/roam/Map#£94,927.13
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NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY COUNCILUnitary48,111,03511,888None (sold off)See their online map of landholdings, including land disposed of, here: http://map.northumberland.gov.uk/landOwnership/£258,098.77
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MANCHESTER CITY COUNCILMetropolitan District47,984,45611,857NoneIn 1982, Manchester City Council owned 20,900 acres (8458 ha, including 1696 ha outside city boundary), nearly twice as much as it does today: see Kivell, P. T., and I. McKay. “Public Ownership of Urban Land.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, vol. 13, no. 2, 1988, pp. 165–178. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/622504. See also Brett Christopers, The New Enclosure, on the sale of public land since Thatcher came to power.£41,922.94
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BRISTOL CITY COUNCILUnitary47,155,25611,652None£65,149.69
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EAST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE COUNCILUnitary45,853,29511,331East Riding of Yorkshire 6,076
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MILTON KEYNES COUNCILUnitary43,578,80210,769Milton Keynes 543 Milton Keynes, formerly a New Town Development Corporation, retains a lot of the land and buildings that it originally bought with compulsory purchase powers. Parks Trust has taken on 6,000 acres of parkland.£16,724.13
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CHESHIRE WEST AND CHESTER BOROUGH COUNCILUnitary43,474,96510,743Cheshire West and Chester 2,890 Includes land registered to old 'Chester County Council'£168,779.40
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CENTRAL BEDFORDSHIRE COUNCILUnitary43,402,57710,725Bedfordshire Central 5,533 Includes land registered to the old Bedfordshire County Council (though some of this could have also gone to Bedford Borough Council, qv).£11,063.70
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KENT COUNTY COUNCILCounty43,349,45510,712None (sold off)£81,038.42
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DERBY CITY COUNCILUnitary43,152,91310,663Includes land registered under 'Derby City' and 'Derby Borough'£5,736.91
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CITY OF BRADFORD DISTRICT COUNCILDistrict41,430,51210,238NoneBradford Council own Ilkley Moor ('on Ilkley Moor baht'at'), which between 2008 and 2018 was leased by the council for grouse shooting, until a campaign succeeded in getting the licence revoked. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilkley_Moor. Still, Ilkley Moor is only 1,670 acres (see https://bradford.moderngov.co.uk/documents/s16313/Env25JulyDocAapp1.pdf), so what else does the council own to make up its 10,000 acre portfolio?£100,416.14
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GLOUCESTERSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty41,201,57310,181Gloucestershire 7,509
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BUCKINGHAMSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty40,563,10310,023Buckinghamshire 3,606 Includes 600 acres registered to 'Buckingham County Council'. Buckinghamshire have sold off quite a lot of their county farms - see map on council website of their retained and disposed landholdings: https://www.buckscc.gov.uk/services/council-and-democracy/land-and-property-owned-or-leased-by-the-council/£6,731.16
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WILTSHIRE COUNCILUnitary40,256,9919,948Wiltshire 5,088 £204,690.98
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DORSET COUNTY COUNCILUnitary40,130,0049,916Dorset 6,101 See online map at https://www.dorsetcouncil.gov.uk/planning-buildings-land/public-land-and-buildings/public-land-and-buildings-map-and-lists.aspx£280,044.04
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KIRKLEES BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District39,537,3459,770None£48,900.30
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MALDON DISTRICT COUNCILDistrict38,897,7539,612None
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WAKEFIELD CITY COUNCILMetropolitan District38,454,8769,502None£21,253.41
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DERBYSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty36,110,8628,923None£173,181.10
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DONCASTER BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District35,991,5948,894None
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LANCASHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty35,152,5208,686None (sold off)Lots of CAP - nature reserves? Includes small amount of land registered to 'Lancaster County Council'£287,626.17
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SUNDERLAND CITY COUNCILMetropolitan District34,882,3308,620None
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NORTH YORKSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty34,811,8688,602North Yorkshire 3,764 £161,948.31
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ROTHERHAM BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District34,452,4618,513None£19,525.25
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HEREFORDSHIRE COUNCILUnitary 34,377,1228,495Herefordshire 519 Sold off most of its County Farms in 2017-18 (so total landholdings figure has also likely declined)£103,858.89
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WIGAN BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District34,231,6468,459None£1,909.37
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LEICESTER CITY COUNCILUnitary33,226,5628,210None£10,622.64
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STOKE-ON-TRENT CITY COUNCILUnitary31,857,6347,872None£4,265.22
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PETERBOROUGH CITY COUNCILUnitary31,427,8807,766Peterborough 3,006 Includes 105 acres registered to the old Soke of Peterborough.
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GATESHEAD BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District31,426,2697,766None
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LONDON BOROUGH OF HILLINGDONLondon Borough31,356,3167,748Hillingdon 1,704
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NOTTINGHAM CITY COUNCILUnitary31,345,4417,746None
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SWINDON BOROUGH COUNCILUnitary31,065,3577,676Swindon 1,655 £132,118.57
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WARWICKSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty30,858,0647,625Warwickshire 4,940
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BIRMINGHAM CITY COUNCILMetropolitan District29,746,5017,351None£102,082.14
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NEWCASTLE CITY COUNCILMetropolitan District29,592,1107,312None£3,332.74
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BARNSLEY BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District29,326,0807,247£56,689.39
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KINGSTON UPON HULL CITY COUNCILUnitary29,285,0697,236£3,396.05
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SANDWELL BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District28,977,3137,160£46,390.25
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BOLTON BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District28,166,0776,960
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WORCESTERSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty27,795,6446,868Worcestershire 2,865 £100,570.75
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LONDON BOROUGH OF BARNETLondon Borough27,049,6576,684
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HALTON BOROUGH COUNCILUnitary27,042,8806,682
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NORTH TYNESIDE BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District26,674,4816,591
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DUDLEY BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District25,855,6786,389£19,404.39
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SHROPSHIRE COUNCILUnitary24,928,4406,160Shropshire 1,284 £147,434.22
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LIVERPOOL CITY COUNCILMetropolitan District24,719,1026,108£54,902.06
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ESSEX COUNTY COUNCILCounty24,109,6515,958Essex 198 £219,754.78
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LONDON BOROUGH OF ENFIELDLondon Borough23,648,3885,844Land in Green Belt - Enfield Chase (of all London boroughs, owns the most Green Belt… woodland creation / rewilding plans)
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COLCHESTER BOROUGH COUNCILDistrict23,366,1555,774£7,678.80
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CUMBRIA COUNTY COUNCILCounty23,226,5685,739Cumbria 420 £415,846.65
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PLYMOUTH CITY COUNCILUnitary23,120,3685,713£20,114.25
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EASTBOURNE BOROUGH COUNCILDistrict23,052,8285,696Owns a chunk of the South Downs (4,200 acres). Tried to sell this off a few years ago but thwarted by local campaign.£41,819.95
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SCARBOROUGH BOROUGH COUNCILDistrict23,021,2025,689
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REDCAR AND CLEVELAND BOROUGH COUNCILUnitary22,820,6815,639Includes land registered to old Cleveland County Council
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TELFORD AND WREKIN BOROUGH COUNCILUnitary22,706,6715,611£35,000.00
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PORTSMOUTH CITY COUNCILUnitary22,446,9985,547£19,199.96
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IPSWICH BOROUGH COUNCILDistrict22,337,5975,520£5,055.53
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SOUTHEND-ON-SEA BOROUGH COUNCILUnitary22,270,7385,503
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CITY OF LONDONCity of London Corporation22,119,7295,466£321,677.14
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LONDON BOROUGH OF BROMLEYLondon Borough22,006,6685,438
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STOCKPORT BOROUGH COUNCIL Metropolitan District21,120,2645,219£3,692.07
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WOLVERHAMPTON CITY COUNCILMetropolitan District20,954,9225,178£2,300.80
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SOUTH TYNESIDE BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District20,654,9685,104£23,782.02
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MEDWAY COUNCILUnitary20,537,9945,075Medway 124
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LONDON BOROUGH OF HAVERINGLondon Borough20,282,5645,012
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NORTHAMPTONSHIRE COUNTY COUNCILCounty19,412,7634,797£6,239.53
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NORTH SOMERSET COUNCILUnitary18,756,6034,635North Somerset 469 Online map here: http://map.n-somerset.gov.uk/councillandandbuildings.html£3,292.70
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SOUTH LAKELAND DISTRICT COUNCILDistrict18,673,0724,614
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SWALE BOROUGH COUNCILDistrict18,487,7424,568£5,100.57
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WARRINGTON BOROUGH COUNCILUnitary18,000,7964,448£10,582.69
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ST HELENS BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District17,731,1244,381£2,337.90
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BASILDON BOROUGH COUNCILDistrict17,669,1834,366£24,318.17
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SOLIHULL BOROUGH COUNCILMetropolitan District17,238,6654,260
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NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE COUNCILUnitary17,216,4184,254North Lincolnshire 173 £120,371.84
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NORTHAMPTON BOROUGH COUNCILDistrict17,185,9464,247
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SALFORD CITY COUNCILMetropolitan District17,065,3994,217£41,143.70
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SOUTHAMPTON CITY COUNCILUnitary17,023,6284,207£17,427.79
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NORTH EAST LINCOLNSHIRE COUNCILUnitary16,951,3924,189£18,029.75