Best Practices for Collaborative Policymaking: State by State
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Rules for Neutral Agenda-SettingMajoritarian RulesRules Governing Committee Composition
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ChamberCommittees must hear all bills?Committees must report on all bills?Automatic calendaring of bills reported from committee?Committee members can vote to place bill on committee agenda?Discharge petitions?Proportional representation on committees?Limited majority control of chair assignments?Floor confirmation of committee assignments?Minority typically receives several chair positions?Minority input into minority member committee assignments?
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Alabama - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNoNo
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Alabama - SenateNoNoNoNoNoNoLieutenant governor appointsNoNo
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Alaska - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYes (required)Floor vote required to confirmYesNo
Minority leader recommends
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Alaska - SenateNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYes (required)Floor vote required to confirmYesNo
Minority leader recommends
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Arizona - HouseNoNoNoYes; 2/3 majorityYes; 3/5 majorityYesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Arizona - SenateNoNoNoNoYes; 3/5 majorityNoNoNoNo
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Arkansas - HouseNoNoYesNoYesNoYesNo
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Arkansas - SenateNoNoYesNoYesSeniorityYesNo
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California - AssemblyNoNoYesNoNoYes (required)Rules committee appointsNo
Minority leader recommends
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California - SenateNoYesYesNoYes; simple majorityYesRules committee appointsNoNo
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Colorado - HouseYesYesYesNoYes; simple majorityYes (required)No No
Minority leader appoints
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Colorado - SenateYesYesYesNoYes (required)NoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Connecticut - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Connecticut - SenateNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Delaware - HouseYesNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNoNo
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Delaware - SenateNoNoYesNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNoNo
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Florida - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; 2/3 majorityNoNoNoNo
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Florida - SenateNoNoNoNoYesNoYesNoNo
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Georgia - HouseNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
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Georgia - SenateNoNoNoNoYesNoYesNoNo
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Hawaii - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; 1/3 of chamberYes (required)Floor vote required to confirmNo
Minority leader appoints
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Hawaii - SenateNoNoYesNoYes; 1/3 of chamberNoNoNoNo
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Idaho - HouseNoNoYesNoYes; 2/3 majorityYesNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Idaho - SenateNoNoYesNoYes; 2/3 majorityYes (required)NoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Illinois - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Illinois - SenateNoNoNoNoYes, 3/5 majorityYesNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Indiana - HouseNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Indiana - SenateNoNoYesNoYes; 2/3 majorityYesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Iowa - HouseNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Iowa - SenateNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Kansas - HouseNoNoNoNo
Yes; 56% of members
YesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Kansas - SenateNoNoNoNoYes; 3/5 majorityYes (required)Rules committee appointsNo
Minority leader appoints
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Kentucky - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYes (required)
Committee on committees appoints
NoNo
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Kentucky - SenateYesNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYes
Committee on committees appoints
No
Minority leader recommends
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Louisiana - HouseNoNoYesNoYes; simple majorityNoNoYesNo
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Louisiana - SenateNoNoYesNoYes; simple majorityNoNoYesNo
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Maine - HouseYesYesNoNoNoYesNoNoNo
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Maine - SenateYesYesYesNoNoYesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Maryland - HouseNoNoYesNoYes (required)NoNoNo
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Maryland - SenateNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Massachusetts - HouseYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNo
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Massachusetts - Senate
YesYesNoNoYesNoNoNo
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Michigan - HouseNoNoYesNoYesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Michigan - SenateNoNoNo
Yes; simple majority
YesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Minnesota - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Minnesota - SenateNoNoNoNoYes; 3/5 majorityYes (required)
Management committee appoints
No
Minority leader appoints
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Mississippi - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; 2/3 majorityYesNoYesNo
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Mississippi - SenateNoNoYesNoYes; simple majorityYesNoYesNo
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Missouri - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; 1/3 of chamberYes (required)NoNoNo
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Missouri - SenateNoNoYesNoYes; 1/3 of chamberYesNoNoNo
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Montana - HouseYesNoNoNoYesNoNoNo
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Montana - SenateYesNoNoNoYes
Committee on committees appoints
NoNo
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Nebraska - SenateYesNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesElection by the bodyNoNo
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Nevada - AssemblyNoNoYesNoYes (required)NoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Nevada - SenateNoNoYes
Yes; simple majority
YesNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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New Hampshire - House
YesYesNoNoNoYes (required)NoNo
Minority leader recommends
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New Hampshire - Senate
YesYesNoNoYes (required)NoNoNo
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New Jersey - Gen. Assembly
NoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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New Jersey - SenateNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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New Mexico - HouseYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNo
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New Mexico - SenateNoNoYesNoYes
Committee on committees, seniority
NoNo
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New York - AssemblyNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYes (required)NoNo
Minority leader recommends
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New York - SenateNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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North Carolina - HouseNoNoNoNoYes (required)NoNoNo
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North Carolina - SenateNoNoYesNoYesNoNoNo
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North Dakota - HouseYesYesYesNoYesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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North Dakota - SenateYesYesYesNoYes
Committee on committees appoints
NoNo
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Ohio - HouseYesNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYes (required)NoNoNo
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Ohio - SenateNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYes
Committee on committees appoints
NoNo
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Oklahoma - HouseNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNo
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Oklahoma - SenateNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNo
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Oregon - HouseNoNoYesNoYes; simple majorityYes (required)NoNoNo
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Oregon - SenateNoNoYesNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNoNo
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Pennsylvania - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityNoNoNoNo
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Pennsylvania - SenateNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYes (required)NoNoNo
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Rhode Island - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNo
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Rhode Island - SenateNoNoNoNoYes; 2/3 majorityYesNoNoNo
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South Carolina - HouseNoNoYesNoNoElected by each committeeYesNo
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South Carolina - SenateNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNo
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South Dakota - HouseYesYesNoNoYes; 1/3 of chamberYesNoNoNo
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South Dakota - SenateYesYesNoNoYes; 1/3 of chamberYesNoNoNo
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Tennessee - HouseNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
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Tennessee - SenateYesNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Texas - HouseNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNo
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Texas - SenateNoNoNoNoNoNoLieutenant governor appointsYesNo
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Utah - HouseYesYesYesNoNoNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Utah - SenateYesYesYesNoYesNoNo
Minority leader appoints
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Vermont - HouseNoNoYesNoYes; simple majorityNoNoNoNo
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Vermont - SenateYesNoYesNoYes
Committee on committees appoints
NoNo
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Virginia - HouseNoNoYesNoNoSeniorityNoNo
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Virginia - SenateNoNoYesNoYes (required)Committee seniorityNoNo
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Washington - HouseNoNoNoNoYesNoYesNoNo
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Washington - SenateNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesCommittee on committeesNoNo
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West Virginia - HouseNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesNoYes (nominal)No
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West Virginia - SenateNoNoYesNoYes; simple majorityYesLieutenant governor appointsYesNoNo
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Wisconsin - AssemblyNoNoNoNoYes; simple majorityYesNoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Wisconsin - SenateNoNoNoNoYes (required)NoNo
Minority leader recommends
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Wyoming - HouseNoYesNoNoNoYes (required)NoNoNo
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