By using these terms as a common language, it opens doors to a multitude of networks, coalitions, global organizations, churches, national partners, etc. that are aligned in vision, strategy, and goals.
WordMeaningLink (If Applicable)
411Discipleship tool, 4 questions, on 1 piece of paper, in less than 1 hour
Why do we share? Who do we share with? What do we say? When do we do it?
411 covers Fields 1-2 of the 4 Fields Strategy, equipping L1 leaders.
411 Video
1st GenerationA mother church or church planter is mobilized to start the 1st generation church.
2nd GenerationA disciple from the 1st Generation church is mobilized to start the 2nd generation church.
3 CirclesA simple way to share the gospel that has proven to reproduce to the 4th generation in multiple urban contexts.3 Circles
3 Touch TrainingA) In the USA, working with a legacy church or group, going through the Gospel Conversation training three times, involving the participants more along the way in order to raise up a team to move to the next step. B) Internationally, going into an area and training the same Gospel Conversation training three times in order to raise up a team to move to the next step within 10-14 days.3 Touch Training Cycle
3 TouchesRepetition of the same training 3 times in order to build confidence, competence, and commitment.
3/3rdsSmall group model for discipleship/disciplemaking. Look back, Look up, Look forward. 3/3rds Pattern of Discipleship
3rd GenerationA disciple from the 2nd Generation church is mobilized to start the 3rd generation church.
4 DaySee 4 Fields Intensive Training.
4 Fields Intensive (Training)The 4 Fields Intensive training is usually trained over a 4 day period, and that is why we sometimes call it a "4 day" for short. If leaders have already received basic 4 fields L1-2 training, it is sometimes appropriate to shorten the 4 day to 3 days. Hosting a 4 Day
4 FieldsThe 4 Fields of Kingdom Growth is a framework for visualizing the 5 things Jesus and his leaders did to grow the Kingdom of God: entry, gospel, discipleship, church formation, and leadership. This can be discovered from Mark 1. It follows the model of the parable of the farmer entering new fields, sowing seed, watching it grow even though he knows not how, and when the time is right, cutting and bundling the harvest together (Mark 4:26-29). The farmer works with the reminder that it is God who gives the increase (1 Corinthians 3:6-9). Like Jesus and his leaders, we need to have a plan for each field, but it is God's Spirit that causes the growth. The 4 fields is usually trained sequentially, but in practice, the 5 parts happen simultaneously.

We develop 4 Fields Plans for given contexts to train and coach reproducing, biblical, zero-budget tools with the principles needed to undergird them in a church planting movement. As a pattern, no more than 2 reproducing tools are used within each field. Tools should be selected based on what is reproducing to the 4th generation in the context or a near-culture context. Leaders are coached to regularly ask the question, "What is working and what is not working in getting from one field to the next?" in order to evaluate and adjust accordingly. We also use 4 fields as a hermeneutic and 4 Fields Intensive trainings for discovering Jesus and Paul's patterns for kingdom expansion.
4th GenerationA disciple from the 3rd Generation church is mobilized to start the 4th generation church.
5 Levels of LeadershipA framework we use for visualizing the 5 types apostolic leaders in Acts and in church planting movements today; 5 levels is used to coach leaders.

L1 - Seed Sower (SS)
L2 - Church Planter (CP)
L3 - Church Plant Multiplier (CPMer)
L4 - Movement Trainer (MT)
L5 - Strategy Coordinator (SC)

Ideally, leaders develop from one level to the next. It is a "Timothy tool" that is only intended for leaders who are practicing the 4 fields tools. 5 levels fits under the 5th part of the 4 fields strategy: leadership development. 5 levels is used to structure both residential and non-residential training and coaching rollouts. For each level, there are "vision casts", "tools", Bible discovery "modules", character traits, and competencies that are used to expand the vision of each leader, coach them and help them coach their leaders. We have these organized into a 5 levels "toolbox" that is used for L1-2 trainings, 4 Fields Intensive trainings, Midlevels, Strategy Coordinator trainings, and ongoing coaching. This is not a framework for developing shepherd-teachers or elder/pastors; L5 leaders are equipped with Foundations and Confessions for further developing these equally essential, more locally focused leaders.
5 Levels of Leadership Toolbox
5 PartsThe 5 things we see Jesus and his leaders doing repeatedly to expand the Kingdom of God: entering new areas, sharing the gospel, discipling those who believe, gathering them into new churches, and raising up leaders who can do the same. The strategy for doing these 5 things is simple, biblical, reproducing, and zero budget. In the West, it is best to begin explaining 4 fields using the 5 parts and then pull out the Mark 4:26-20 parable. In the East, it is best to begin explaining the 4 fields using the Mark 4:26-29 parable. Four Fields of Kingdom Growth
APE/STFrom Ephesians 4:11, Apostle, Prophet, Evangelist, Shepard (Pastor), Teacher. APEs tend to be more pioneering, focusing on expanding the kingdom among new believers. STs tend to be more focused on depth and health of the disciples and churches, focusing on the same people over longer periods of time.APE/ST
Backwards Bike PrincipleA principle based an experiment performed by "Smarter Every Day" where the host learns to ride a backwards bike. Unlearning something you have always done is hard. Helping folks shift from addition to multiplication is like learning to ride a backwards bike. It often requires unlearning old habits and picking up new ones. Backwards bike video
Bi-Vocational (BiVo)Someone who is in ministry while maintaining a full time job.Bi-Vocational Weekly Rhythm
Bible Discovery Group (BDG)A group of people who are studying the Bible using a set of questions within a Bible discovery tool (see Sword method definition for the bible discovery tool we use most). The entire group participates in answering the questions based only on what they see in the passage in front of them. It is best to do Bible Discovery within a 3/3 group, church, or leadership training or coaching time.
ChurchSee Acts 2:37-47; a regular gathering of baptized believers committed to obeying the commands of Christ together. Church starts are to be differentiated from healthy churches.
Church CircleA diagram that uses basic symbols from the Commands of Christ to track elements of a church.Church Circle
Church Planting Movement (CPM)A rapid and exponential increase of indigenous churches planting churches within a given people group or population segment.
City CoalitionMultiple L3 Teams within a given geographical area. These teams share common city wide vision yet expressed differently in locally owned vision and gather semi-annually for Midlevel Retreats.
Coaching lattice
A regular rhythm for connecting people who want coaching with people who are doing the work and available to coach others.
Contact our Training Team:
Commands of ChristNine commands of Christ which outline the components of a healthy church that is used for short-term discipleship in Field 3 of the 4 Fields plan. These commands also begin long-term discipleship in Mark.Commands of Christ
ConfessionsA manual that helps churches walk through and develop healthy theology and church statements. This manual is used in Phase 3 of movements - doctrinal formation - after pastoral development has begun. Church leaders discover doctrine from the word and write doctrinal statements around which they form networks of churches.Confessions Manual
ContextualizationWhen a culture outsider attempts to tweak training content based on what they think will reproduce with cultural insiders; this is sometimes necessary when there are no existing believers nearby with whom to indigenize the training, but is not nearly as effective as indigenization (compare to Indigenization).
Cross-pollinationHaving different regions/areas learning and training together in order to learn from each other.
Critical MassHaving at least 4-5 units (singles, couples, or families) present in the church gatherings so that if some are out, the church continues to meet. Critical mass is a challenge in the West but not so much in other parts of the world.
DMM (Disciple Multiplication Movement)A movement of disciples that usually focuses on fields 1-3.
Do-erSomeone who puts into action the training and tools they learn.
Emerging L3 TeamA local group of practitioners committed to a regular rhythm of harvest, coaching (regular 3/3rds rhythm and quarterly Iron on Iron) and training others in pursuit of a CPM within a given geographical area or people group. "Emerging" is used to designate that they have not yet reached 4th generation churches from the harvest.
End VisionA one-sentence statement that is inspirational, clear, memorable, and concise describing a clear long-term desired change resulting from an organization or program’s work. Typically ten words or less.
Field 1Empty field. First of the Four Fields church planting model – ‘soil’ that is not yet engaged in the gospel. Entry strategy with Biblical principles & reproducing tools.The Four Fields of Kingsom Growth Manual
Field 2Seeded field – Second of Four Fields church planting model – ‘seeds’ of the gospel are intentionally and abundant sowed in the ‘soil’ of people's hearts with reproducing tools. This field is the practitioner's "Gospel Sharing Plan."The Four Fields of Kingsom Growth Manual
Field 3Growing field – Third of Four Fields church planting model – Individual seeds planted in fertile soil are nurtured and begin to grow and bear fruit (disciples/disciple-makers) using reproducible tools. This field is the practitioner's "Discipleship Plan."The Four Fields of Kingsom Growth Manual
Field 4Gathering field – Fourth of Four Fields church planting model – Corporate gathering together of the harvest. This field is the practitioner's "Church Formation" plan.The Four Fields of Kingsom Growth Manual
Field 5Laborers (center of the diagram, field 5)– Followers of Jesus, Disciples of Christ who have been raised up out of the harvest to labor in the Kingdom’s harvest field as reproducing leaders. This field, often referred to as the "hidden field", is the practitioner's "Leadership Development Plan."The Four Fields of Kingsom Growth Manual
Field HubTaking place where a person does not live, a City Coalition that is getting to local movement and mobilizing missionaries from that movement to a hub.
Foundations TrainingOnce a CPM has begun to form to the 4th generation and beyond, Foundation is training to strengthen the church and move it to a healthy church. In the 3 Phases of Movement, Foundations is how teams in Asia rollout out Pastoral Training for elders that are teaching in the churches.Foundations Manual
Gen Mapping (Generational mapping)Multiple Church Circles linked generationally into streams to help determine the health of each church and the depth of generational growth in each stream (aka "gen growth"). Like with the Church Circle, symbols for church functions / Commands of Christ are left outside the circle unless they are being obeyed by someone other than the church planter(s). Traditionally, these are done on paper. An app called the "gen mapper app" has been developed that is helpful for maintaining gen maps. Generational Mapper
GlocallyThe combining of locally and globally into one word. Used to describe the vision of NPL laborers as they labor in their local residential context with an eye on the nations.
Gospel Conversations TrainingCasting vision to see No Place Left without the gospel, training in the 411 tools, 3/3 Groups, practicing these tools and going out into the harvest together to practice.Hosting a Gospel Conversation Training
Great Commission Pipeline (GCP)The connection between Home Hubs and Field Hubs that allows leaders serving in home hub movements to mobilize to field hubs using the same vision, strategy, and many of the same tools.
HubTaking place where a person lives, a City Coalition that is getting to local movement and mobilizing missionaries from that movement to Field Hubs.
Indigenization (vs contextualization)When a cultural insider shows a cultural outsider how to make tools reproducing. Contextualization is the attempt of an outsider to apply training content in a culturally relevant way. Indigenization is when the insider has "owned" the training principles and vision to better apply/tweak content within his/her culture.
IOI (Iron on Iron)An accountability session, meeting with leaders, reporting on what is happening, discussing obstacles, and problem solving together.IOI Video
L1 Seed Sower (SS)Someone who is faithfully going out and sharing the gospel, sowing seeds.
L2 Church Planter (CP)Someone who is sharing the gospel and gathering new believers together into a 3/3 group, discipling in the commands towards church.
L3 Church Plant Multiplier (CPMer)A leader who is a practicing seed sower (L1), and church planter (L2), whose church has multiplied new churches (L3). He does this by coaching the leaders in the church(s) he has started to go and start new churches. CPMers are the backbone of movement because they are bi-vocational.
L4 Movement Trainer (MT)A leader who is a practicing seed sower (L1), church planter (L2), and church plant multiplier (L3) and is now able to package and effectively train other existing networks to multiply churches. The difference between an L3 CPMer and an L4 MT is they are speaking into and training another's established work rather than their own, thus multiplying their own work as a CPMer.
L5 Strategy Coordinator (SC)A leader who is a practicing seed sower (L1), church planter (L2), church plant multiplier (L3), movement trainer (L4) and is now able to take a 30,000 foot view to assess where the gaps (segments of the population not being effected) and mobilize new or existing CPM networks into those areas.
Legacy churchesA traditional church that meets in a building.
Luke 10 TeamsAnother name for an expedition or short term team that focuses on church planting using the 4 Fields strategy.
Master planA 6 month, 1 year, or 3 year plan that strategizes what a team is working towards in a city or country.6 Month Planning Worksheet
MAWLModel, Assist, Watch, Launch (or leave the skill). A model for leadership development.MAWL
Mid-level (Training)A training that follows 3 Touches and/or a 4 Day that is invitation-only for practitioners. It focuses on looking back at what God has done in celebration and seeing sticky points, then looking up in God's word, then looking forward at upcoming goals. Usually 3 days, it is highly diagnostic, which is different than the tools learned at a 4 Day. 4 Fields Mid-level Training
No Place Left (NPL)#NoPlaceLeft is a movement of movements aimed at getting to no place left where Christ is not made known in our generation. Engaging every people group, ethnicity, & segment among the lost until there is no place left, referencing Paul's statement of there being no place left for him to work (Romans 15:23).NPL Website
Non-ResidentialTraining rollout when the existing trainer(s) do not live within the target field. This rollout plan is event based with the goal of identifying and raising up the local "residential team."
NPL TrainerA faithful and fruitful laborer toward NPL able to train others through the various training rollout platforms.
Oikos MappingDiagram of a plan to reach family, friends, coworkers, neighbors with the Good News. John 4:1-42 – Samaritan Woman - …leaving her water jar, the woman went back to the town and said to the people ”Come, see a man who told me everything I ever did. Could this be the Christ?” (John 4:29).Oikos Mapping
One AnotheringPutting into action the multitude of scriptures that talk about caring, praying for, serving, loving one another, etc. (over 120 scriptures).
Oral LearnerSomeone who learns through stories and orality, may have little to no literacy skills.
Person of Peace (POP)/House of Peace (HOP)A man -- or woman -- of peace. You can identify him or her by three R's. The person of peace 1. is Receptive to the Gospel; 2. possesses a Reputation to gain attention for the message among family and 3. effectively Refers the bearers of good news to that larger of Peace
Reproducing (vs Reproducible)When a tool from 4 fields has proven to reproduce to the 4th generation in a given context; vs reproducible, which is the theory that the tool could reproduce based on the perspective of the creators of the tool.
ResidencyA training program of people committed to going into the harvest, leading 3/3 group, and coaching weekly, then going on a short term trip during the process, some being sent out to long term missions after completion.Residency Outline
ResidentialTraining rollout when the existing trainer(s) do live within the target field and are able to regularly train/filter/coach in small group environments and bring people along at the pace of the local harvest. The residential rollout is marked by regular rhythm in three areas: harvest, being trained and training others.
ScalabilityThe capacity to perform under an increased workload. A system that scales well will be able to maintain or even increase its performance when tested by larger operational demands.
StreamA generational, connected chain of church plants. In the context of an emerging movement, this term refers to at least 7 churches with at least 1 that has gone to the 4th generation. So to see 1,000,000 churches, we need approximately 144,000 streams.
SustainabilityThe capacity to endure. Sustainable methodologies allow a church, or community, to continue an activity for years to come without further outside assistance.
Swarm (Team or Training)When a group leads the training like a swarm of bees, buzzing in and out, taking turns and training different sections. This is also a way to raise up more trainers by giving them parts at a time and helping them along the way when needed.SWARM Training
SWORD MethodReferring to a bible study method using the image of a double-edged sword. Handle (man); Tip (God); left side (Sin to avoid, Promise to claim); right side (Example to follow, Command to obey).SWORD Method
T4T (Training for Trainers)Book by Steve Smith that uses 4 Fields Strategy, great resource for practitioners.T4T Book Website
ZoomVideo conferencing platform often used for meetings and trainings domestically and