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Shared Database for Transport in NDCs Resources
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Recommendation Description Location
[City, Country, Region]
Material Type (select one)
Publishing Organisation
Year
Data Entered By
LinkNotes
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1Include specific transport sector carbon dioxide (CO2) mitigation targets supported by sustainable transport measures.
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List of transport CO2 emission mitigation targets in first round of NDCs various Existing NDCSLOCAT compilationSLOCAThttps://docs.google.com/document/d/1el77cyAJWTzQGRZwZiDHFHdn4OLvP0joHQGtHjRPdbw/edit
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By 2030, under the current implementation plan of Paris, only battery-electric and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles will be permitted to enter the LEZ.
Paris low-emission zone impacts: passenger car NOx emissions in 2024 will be 76% to 87% below 2016 levels.
Paris, FranceGeneral ResourceICCT2020SLOCAThttps://theicct.org/publications/true-paris-low-emission-zone
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The Ministry of the Environment and the Protection of the Territory and the Sea published on announcement on 8 February 2019 the "Sustainable Urban Mobility Incentive Program" (PrIMUS). The Program is aimed at Municipalities with at least 50,000 inhabitants and provides 15 million Euros for sustainable urban mobility actions on three themes: development of cycle infrastructures, sharing mobility and mobility management activities.

The Ministry of Transport published on August 8, 2019 the terms and methods of accessing to resources allocated under the "Fund for the design of priority works". 58mil Euro are dedicated to developing SUMPs or related projects.

The following entities benefit from the funds:
- the 14 metropolitan cities, for a total of € 20,631,000;
- the 14 Municipalities of the Metropolitan City, for a total of € 21,343,000;
- the 36 municipalities in the regional capital or autonomous province or with a population greater than 100,000 inhabitants, for a total of € 16,363,000.
Italy General ResourceMinambiente
MIT
2019SLOCAThttps://www.minambiente.it/pagina/primus

http://www.mit.gov.it/node/11143
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Bangladesh set targets for an economy-wide reduction of 5% in GHG emissions compared to BAU by 2030 covering the power, transport and industry sectors based on existing resources. This includes an estimated 9% reduction in transport. Higher economy-wide reductions are deemed possible (15%) subject to appropriate international support in the form of finance, investment, technology development and transfer, and capacity building. This would involve a 24% reduction in transport emissions. In both scenarios, transport has the largest reduction potential.
Produced list of mitigation actions, focusing on two most feasible strands of action:
 Modal shift from road to rail, delivered through a range of measures, including underground metro systems and bus rapid transit systems in urban areas.
 Reduced congestion and improved running of traffic. This will be achieved by a number of measures, including building of expressways to relieve congestion and public transport measures.
BangladeshExisting NDCSLOCAT2015SLOCAThttp://www.ppmc-transport.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/NDCs-Offer-Opportunities-for-Ambitious-Action-Updated-October-2016.pdf
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2Engage different actors - work with cities and regions, companies, civil society and academia to develop robust and implementable transport targets.
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Webinar presentation of development for gender-responsive NDC in the Philippines.

The NDC shall support national development objectives and priorities such as:
- Sustainable industrial development
- Poverty eradication and provision of basic
needs
- Securing social and climate justice
- Energy security

The NDC shall uphold gender equality and full and equal participation of women.
PhilippinesCase StudyUNFCCC2019https://www.ndcs.undp.org/content/ndc-support-programme/en/home/ndc-events/virtual-events/mainstreaming-gender-in-ndcs--gender-in-adaptation-planning.html
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Reforming the (semi-)informal minibus system in the Philippines

The ‘Public Utility Vehicle Modernization Program’ Early Route Evaluation
This report aims to shed light on early experiences with one of the most ambitious (mini-) bus sector reforms in the world. The report evaluates selected aspects of the “Public Utility Vehicle Modernization Program (PUVMP)” of the Philippine Government, which aims to modernise the mini-bus sector (jeepneys) in the country.
The reform goes beyond the fleet renewal of more than 180,000 jeepneys, but also pushes for industry consolidation and a reform of the franchising system to overcome unsustainable industry pattern that have negative impacts on users, operators and the environment. Once fully implemented, the reform has the potential to avoid annual GHG emissions of around 1.73MtCO2 and reduce PM emissions, caused by the jeepney sector, by 90%.
The report presents information regarding the operational characteristics and economic performance of the modernised fleets and routes. The study aims to provide insights of the experiences of the first operators that have shifted to new vehicles and modernised operations, including detailed ‘real-world’ operating data and survey. It analyses the viability of the modernised routes to allow early learning and adjustments.
This viability assessment includes the thorough analysis of the jeepney modernisation and financing approach, including the return on investment under modernised operation, in order to show the consequences of the programme for operators. Finally, the document aims to contribute to the global discussion around mini-bus sector reforms as part of a wider push to electrify and future-proof (mini-)bus fleets worldwide.
PhillipinesCase StudyGIZ2019GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/reforming-the-semi-informal-minibus-system-in-the-philippines/
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Building on local action in the Dominican Republic:
As part of its NDC update process, the Dominican Republic is looking for detailed information on local
climate actions currently being implemented by subnational governments and non-state actors. This
will allow the country to monitor progress and enable increased ambition in national targets. The
Dominican Republic is also planning to establish sub-government structures and bodies to set local
targets and oversee NDC implementation56.
Dominican RepublicCase StudyUN-Habitat2020SLOCATFrom: https://unhabitat.org/sites/default/files/2020/06/ndc_guide_19062020.pdf
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3Maximise combined transport, climate and sustainability impacts - Use your NDC to align and integrate sustainable low carbon transport strategies with your Paris Agreement Long-Term Strategy and wider sustainable development priorities.
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Mobility Strategy for Mexico City 2019-2020 introduced,
objectives are on integration (e.g. 100% of all public transport to use same fare sytem), more bike infrastructure, efficiency improvements and more
MexicoGeneral ResourceSemovi2019SLOCAThttps://semovi.cdmx.gob.mx/storage/app/media/uploaded-files/plan-estrategico-de-movilidad-2019.pdf
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Pathway to Low-Carbon Transport

A report in World Bank’s “Vietnam Transport Knowledge Series”

This analytical work shows how Vietnam can reduce its carbon emissions through a mix of diverse policies and investments, under varying levels of ambition and resources. In addition to a baseline of transport emissions until 2030, three possible mitigation scenarios have been developed. The report also includes analyses of economic benefits and costs and presents findings in marginal abatement cost curves. It aims at providing useful insights and specific recommendations towards enhancing Vietnam’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and the next medium-term public investment plan for the period of 2021 to 2025.

The report was prepared by Vietnamese Researchers together with GIZ, World Bank and the Department of Environment in the Vietnamese Ministry of Transport. It is part of the Advancing Transport Climate Strategies (TraCS) project funded through the International Climate Initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).
VietnamCase StudyGIZ2019GIZhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/581131568121810607/Volume-1-Pathway-to-Low-Carbon-Transport
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Sustainable development benefits of low-carbon transport measures

This report analyses synergies between low-carbon transport strategies and other economic, social and environmental objectives, as these can substantially increase the measure´s cost-effectiveness and help build political support for their implementation.
/General ResourceGIZ2015GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/sustainable-development-benefits-of-low-carbon-transport-measures/
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Climate Change and National Urban Policies in Asia and the Pacific - A regional guide for mainstreaming climate change into urban-related policy, legislative, financial and institutional frameworksAsia and the Pacific General ResourceUN-HabitatSLOCAThttps://www.fukuoka.unhabitat.org/projects/asian_subregion/detail05_en.html
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4Incorporate Avoid, Shift, and Improve strategies to reduce the negative environmental impact of transport and increase equitable access.
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The Jeepney+ NAMA: Transforming Public Transport in the Philippines

There is no topic in the Philippine urban daily life, that looms as large as traffic congestion. Anyone who has been to Metro Manila has likely witnessed the long commuting times and seemingly endless queues for both passengers and vehicles. Many factors have played into this: rapid GDP growth, a urban large population, years of prioritising private cars over mass transit. With all the implications of traffic congestion on safety, health, and security, the government has clearly stated the need to modernise the public transport industry, starting with the jeepneys.
This documents describes the full concept of the Jeepney+ NAMA in the Philippines. It provides an overview of the Philippine public transport sector, summarises the barriers to introducing low carbon and modern transport, the envisaged reform measures for a modern and consolidated system, as well as the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) approach and financial mechanism.
PhillipinesCase StudyGIZ2016GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/transforming-public-transport-in-the-philippines/
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Modal Shift from Road to Rail – the Gautrain Case

Case study

This case studys offers an overview of the South African NAMA on passenger mode shift from road to rail. The case study was developed as part of the Handbook “Navigating Transport NAMAs”.
South AfricaCase StudyGIZ2016GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/case-study-modal-shift-from-road-to-rail-gautrain/
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5Shift financing and investment towards low carbon and resilient transport priorities, while making plans to eliminate transport sector fossil fuel subsidies and working to phase out internal combustion engines by the earliest date possible.
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Costa Rica will offer tax incentives for companies that promote the use of bikes by their staff, thanks to a recent law that regulates the use of bicycles, which forms part of the strategy to decarbonize the country in 2050Costa RicaGeneral ResourceUN Environment2019SLOCAThttps://www.unenvironment.org/fr/node/24982
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Munich to invest 1.6 billion Euro to build 450 km of cycling infrastructure by 2025Munich, Germany General ResourceSüeddeutsche Zeitung2019SLOCAThttps://www.sueddeutsche.de/muenchen/muenchen-radwege-1-6-milliarden-euro-buergerbegehren-1.4719690
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National government set aside 50 million Euro for each from 2022-2024, allowing to finance 50% of the total cost for the construction of new urban cycle paths in municipalities.ItalyGeneral Resource
Federazione Italiana Ambiente e Bicicletta
2020SLOCAThttp://www.fiab-onlus.it/bici/notizie/notizie-varie/news-varie/item/2265-legge-di-bilancio-2020-le-novita-e-i-fondi-per-la-mobilita-ciclistica.html
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Madrid’s ban on polluting vehicles cuts traffic by nearly 32 percent, avoid 3,000 premature deaths per year, public bus speeds on one highway increased by 14 percentMadrid, SpainGeneral ResourceThe Verge 2019SLOCAThttps://www.theverge.com/2018/12/3/18123561/vehicle-emissions-pollution-ban-madrid-spain-traffic-decrease
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Shaping the Role of Climate Finance for Sustainable Transport

What Are the Levers and How to Make Them Work?

How can climate finance leverage sustainable transport and exploit the potentials for emission reductions? This report – based on six case studies – gives recommendations. The authors focus on five key strategies including building enabling policy environments, catalysing investments and facilitating demonstration projects. They point out that grants and loans can be made contingent upon local adoption and that co-benefits should be considered in cost analysis of projects and in directing finance.
Colombia, Mexico, China, PhillipinesGeneral ResourceGIZ2017GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/role-of-climate-finance-for-sustainable-transport/
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A Systematic Approach for the Use of Climate Finance to Sustainable Transport

This document identifies how scarce International Climate Finance (ICF) can be systematically used to significantly scale-up sustainable, low-carbon transport infrastructure and services.
/General ResourceGIZ2015GIZhttps://climatefinanceadvisors.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/systematic-use-of-cf-for-st.pdf
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Climate Finance as the Engine for More Low-Carbon Transport

This document is the result of the work of an international expert group on climate finance for sustainable transport. It provides an overview of recommendations to policy makers on transport and climate finance.
/General ResourceGIZ2014GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/climate-finance-as-the-engine-for-more-low-carbon-transport/
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Using Climate Financing to Leverage Sustainable Transport

This outline presents the work stream on climate finance of the TRANSfer project in order to help to ensure that climate finance is increasingly used for sustainable transport.
/General ResourceGIZ2014GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/interdisciplinary-expert-group-climate-finance/
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6Integrate urban, transport and land use planning policies and tools to support the achievement of your transport targets
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Multi-Modal Urban Transport Master plan for the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area (GKMA) is set to undercut the city’s traffic jam.
The new transport plan intends to phase out taxis and boda boda and replaced them with the Bus Transit System and Rail Transit system
UgandaGeneral ResourceDaily Monitor 2018SLOCAThttps://www.monitor.co.ug/SpecialReports/City-authorities-unveil-new-transport-master-plan/688342-4792776-neu6mz/index.html
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Philippine Urban Mobility Programme

Towards people-first cities empowered by efficient, dignified, and sustainable mobility

The Philippine Urban Mobility Programme has a vision towards ‘people-oriented cities empowered by efficient, dignified, and sustainable mobility.’ This concept document presents how national government can support cities in achieving that goal, including a list of activities for the key thematic areas of non-motorised or active transport and urban freight. It also touches on thematic areas of public transport (through the jeepney modernisation programme), travel demand management, and transit oriented development. Ultimately, the proposed actions can potentially reduce GHG emissions by a total of 15.01–27.13 MtCO2e over ten years, in addition to improving air quality, road safety, among other co-benefits.
PhillipinesCase StudyGIZ2020GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/philippine-urban-mobility-programme/#:~:text=Towards%20people%2Dfirst%20cities%20empowered,%2C%20dignified%2C%20and%20sustainable%20mobility.
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Tsamaya NAMA: Programme for Sustainable Urban Mobility South Africa

This documents describes the full concept of the Tsamaya NAMA in South Africa, including its objectives, planned measures and expected impacts, the support required, as well as the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) framework, and a financing concept.

The Tsamaya NAMA aims to reduce GHG emissions from urban transport through a national programme approach, which acts an incubator for projects and mitigation measures on sustainable mobility in South African cities.
South AfricaCase StudyGIZ2017GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/tsamaya-nama-south-africa/#:~:text=Tsamaya%20NAMA%3A%20Programme%20for%20Sustainable%20Urban%20Mobility%20South%20Africa,-This%20documents%20describes&text=The%20Tsamaya%20NAMA%20aims%20to,mobility%20in%20South%20African%20cities.
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Case Study: NAMA SUTRI – Sustainable Urban Transport Programme Indonesia

As part of the Handbook “Navigating Transport NAMAs”, this case study offers an overview of the scope of the NAMA SUTRI in Indonesia.
IndonesiaCase StudyGIZ2015GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/case-study-sustainable-urban-transport-programme-indonesia/
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NAMA TRANSPeru: Sustainable Urban Transport in Peru

The TransPeru Full Concept Document offers a comprehensive overview of the NAMA and presents information on the mitigation measures, MRV and financing. The Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) and the Ministry of Environment (MINAM) prepared the TransPeru Full Concept Document in cooperation with the GIZ TRANSfer project.
PeruCase StudyGIZ2015GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/full-concept-sustainable-urban-transport-nama-peru-transperu/
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7Set goals and plans for the adaptation and resilience of transport systems.
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List of transport adaptation measures in the first round of NDCsvariousExisting NDCSLOCAT and PPMC2016SLOCAThttps://slocat.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/PPMC_2016_NDCs-Offer-Opportunities-for-Ambitious-Action.pdf
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Climate Change Adaptation Planning for Ports and Inland Waterways (2020)General ResourcePIANC2020PIANChttps://www.pianc.org/publications/envicom/wg178
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International climate change adaptation framework for road transportGeneral ResourcePIARC2015PIANChttps://www.piarc.org/en/order-library/23517-en-International%20climate%20change%20adaptation%20framework%20for%20road%20infrastructure.htm
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RAIL ADAPT Adapting the railway for the futureGeneral ResourceUIC2017PIANChttps://uic.org/sustainable-development/environment/article/adapting-to-climate-changes
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Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for Coastal Transport InfrastructureGeneral ResourceUNCTAD2020SLOCAThttps://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=2631
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8Accelerate electrification - Include goals on increasing electrification of buses, cars, vans, and two and three-wheelers; and accompany this with low carbon electricity supply and advanced grid integration.
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In 2019, 151 electric buses started operations in Kaili and are expected to transport 22.7 million passengers per year. Whereas in Foshan, out of the 6790 buses, about 1714 units are electric and 583 are hybrid buses, serving 1.90 million passengers on a daily base. Foshan has introduced hydrogen buses the end of 2018 with 70 hydrogen buses in operation now and plans to replace more fossil-fuel powered buses with electric or hydrogen buses.China General ResourceEcoMobility2019SLOCAThttps://ecomobility.org/ecomobilityshiftinchina/
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Electric Mobility in Kenya

This brochure answers frequently asked questions about about electric mobility and addresses the doubts and concerns surrounding the viability of electric mobility in Kenya. It is informed by research from government reports, scientific studies, expert opinions, and case studies to promote the uptake of e-mobility for both the private and public transport sectors.
KenyaCase StudyGIZ2020GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/wp-content/uploads/2019_Electric_Mobility_in_Kenya.pdf
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Increasing ambition to mitigate greenhouse gases in the transport sector through electro-mobility. Policy Recommendations based on recent experience in Latin America

The objective of this publication is to provide relevant information to decision makers on
the recommendations identified to promote electromobility (e-mobility) and increase the
ambition of National Determined Contributions (NDC) in countries. The recommendations
identified in this document are practical, low cost and basically no-regret measures for
policy makers to develop e-mobility based on recent regional experience and taking into
account the social, economic, environmental and political realities of the region.
Costa Rica / Latin AmericaGeneral ResourceGIZ 2020GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/wp-content/uploads/2019_EMobility-Policy-Recommendations.pdf
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Los buses eléctricos en Guayaquil muestran el potencial de la implementación local de las NDCs para apoyar la recuperación sostenibleGuayaquil, EcuadorCase StudyIDB2020SLOCAThttps://blogs.iadb.org/sostenibilidad/es/los-buses-electricos-en-guayaquil-muestran-el-potencial-de-la-implementacion-local-de-las-ndcs-para-apoyar-la-recuperacion-sostenible/
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9Address freight transport emissions, which account for 40% of energy use in the transport sector.
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A prototype of a 12-tonne electric cargo vehicle has been created whose design is tailored to suit the urban freight conditions in MadridMadrid, Spain General ResourceCivitas2019SLOCAThttps://civitas.eu/news/new-electric-freight-truck-helping-logistics-go-green-madrid
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GHG Mitigation Potential of a Green Tyre Programme for Road Freight in China

This report provides an ex-ante assessment of fuel and GHG emission savings potential of low rolling resistance tyres in China’s commercial road freight sector resulting from China’s Green Tyre programme. It is based on most recent available data of future transport activities and specific fuel consumption of commercial trucks and developments of rolling resistance of truck tyres analysed in preparation of this report.
ChinaCase StudyGIZ2015GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/green-tyre-programme-china/
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GHG Mitigation Potential of European Rolling Resistance Labelling and Phase-out Scheme for Heavy-Duty Truck Tyres

This report assesses the fuel saving and GHG emission reduction potentials of the tyre labelling and phase-out regulations for European road freight transport. It is based on scenarios of future transport activities and specific fuel consumption and on most recent available data on actual rolling resistance of heavy-duty trucks in Europe.
EuropeCase StudyGIZ2015GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/ghg-mitigation-european-heavy-duty-truck-tyres/
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Case Study: Sustainable Road-based freight transport Colombia

In Colombia, interurban road freight transport is characterized by a very old vehicle fleet with an average age of 18 years, a low level of business development and inefficient logistic operations. The limited financial resources of the numerous small logistic providers reinforce the steady ageing of the vehicle fleet. The NAMA has aims to reduce and rejuvenate the vehicle fleet, to promote the development of modern freight transport businesses, and to enhance the efficiency of logistic operations.
This publication explains the scope of the NAMA, its motivation and objective, supporting measures, the mitigation potential and co-benefits, and funding.
ColombiaCase StudyGIZ2015GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/case-study-sustainable-road-based-freight-transport-colombia/
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10Include goals on aviation and maritime transport - two of the fastest growing sectors.
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France plans eco tax for aviation industry
The tax, estimated to raise around €180 million a year, will come into effect in 2020 and calls for a fee of €1.50 on economy-class tickets for domestic flights and those within Europe. The highest tariff of €18 per ticket will be applied to business-class travelers flying outside the bloc
FranceGeneral ResourceDW Akademie 2019SLOCAThttps://www.dw.com/en/france-to-impose-green-tax-on-flight-tickets-from-french-airports/a-49523359-0
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GENERAL TRANSPORT AND NDC RESOURCES
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Enhancing Climate Ambition in Transport

Six Action Recommendations for Policymakers to Align Transport with the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Agenda

Building on existing transport-related roadmaps, calls for action, discussion papers and research findings, GIZ devised six essential recommendations for policymakers and other officials dealing with climate action and ambition in the transport sector. As policymakers draft their upcoming NDC revisions, they can heed these recommendations, which have been broadly formulated to allow adaptation to divergent national contexts.

In addition to enabling emission reductions, the recommendations address various sustainable development challenges in the transport sector. Beyond fighting climate change, taking action in all six areas will thus help to reduce air pollution, noise and congestion, while also enhancing access to transport, road safety and the efficiency of the freight sector, thereby contributing to six of the 17 SDGs.

For an overview of the findings of the paper please see the graphic illustrations in English and Spanish as well as postcards.
/General ResourceGIZ2020GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/enhancing-climate-ambition-in-transport/
also available in Spanish (see website)
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Transport in Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Lessons learnt from case studies of rapidly motorising countries

This synthesis report authored by GIZ and Ricardo Energy and Environment provides policy-makers and development practitioners with lessons learned for the development and implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in the transport sector for post-2020 climate actions.

The report summarises case study findings from rapidly-motorising countries, including Bangladesh, Colombia, Georgia, Kenya, Nigeria, Peru and Vietnam. It highlights the shared challenges countries face in developing and delivering greenhouse gas mitigation actions in their expanding transport sectors. Findings, inter alia, include that a lack of transport data is hampering ambition in sectoral climate action and that there is a need for increased buy-in from key transport stakeholders to achieve countries’ climate change commitments. The report also highlights the need to build climate change expertise within transport authorities, and to better align NDCs and national transport sector strategies.
Kenya,
Nigeria,
Georgia,
Colombia,
Peru,
Bangladesh,
Vietnam
Case StudyGIZ2017GIZhttps://www.international-climate-initiative.com/fileadmin/Dokumente/2017/171115_Publikation_EN_TransportInNDCs.pdf
also available in Spanish (see website)
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Transport NAMA Handbook

A practical handbook on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the transport sector (2nd revised edition)

This handbook provides conceptual background information and practical guidance on transport NAMAs. Its objective is to facilitate the preparation and implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the transport sector to increase the sector’s contribution to mitigate climate change.

Annexes (To be found under: https://www.changing-transport.org/publications/?_sf_s=annex%20nama%20handbook)
- High Quality Walking Infrastructure
- Green Mobility Managament
- Promotion of Low-Carbon Modes for Passenger Transport
- Economic Regulatory Instruments for Road Traffic
- Promotion of Energy Efficient Vehicles
- Public Transport First Strategy
- Sustainable Parking Management
- Sustainable Fuel Pricing
- Information, Consultation and Campgains
- High Quality Cycle Infrastructure
- Dense and Transitoriented Urban Development
- Freight Vehicle Policy
- Freight Master Planning
- Urban Logistics
- Electric Vehicles
- Decreasing the Carbon Intensity of Fuels
- Alternative Fuels
/General ResourceGIZ2015GIZhttps://www.changing-transport.org/publication/navigating-transport-namas/
also available in Spanish (see website)
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