nano fish 11-2012
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Type (common)Common Name"Proper" Name; synonymsAlso Known AsM-Adult Length (or average length, if gendered length unreported)F-Adult LengthpHTemp C/FHardnessMinimum #Reports of NanoSuccess ( + = > 1 year healthy) (*=Spawning) (x=death/failure) in various tank sizes; LevelOriginFood RequirementsWaterFor All Nano FishSpecies-Specific advice, focused on pros/cons for nanos:
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----------2.5g-5g5g-8g8g-10g---------
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BarbDwarf Gold Barb Barbus gelius; Systomus gelius; Cyprinus geliusGolden Barb4.0 cm/ 1.6 "6.0-7.016-22 C/ 60.8-71.6 F?-10 dHSchoaling/5 minmid-dwellerAsia/India, PakistanOmnivorefreshwater; cooler temperatures; soft, peat filtration recommendedhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationslow moving waters in the wild/require cooler temperatures/ online reports vary as to size, up to 6 cm?
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BarbJae Barb Barbus jae3.8 cm/ 1.4 "5.5-6.021-25 C/ 69.8-77.0 F1-5 dHSchoaling/5 minmid-dwellerAfrica/Congo RiverCarnivore/ live/frozen, flakes, pelletsfreshwater/soft acidichigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationpeaceful community fish, to own species and others; suggested stocking 2 F to 1 M
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BarbPlatinum BarbHoradandia atukorali 3.0 cm/ 1.25 "6.0-7.524-26 C/ 75.2-78.0 F1-12 dHSchoaling/5 minmid-dwellerAsia/SriLankaCarnivore/ live food eater in wildfreshwater to slightly brackish waters in wildhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationslowmoving waters are natural habitat; often found with Aplocheilus killis in the wild
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BarbLipstick Barb Puntius erythromycterTulip Barb4.0 cm/ 1.6 "7.0-7.522-24 C/ 71.6-75.2 F5-12 dHmid-dwellerAsia/MyanmarOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinions on nano suitability; may outcompete others for food; males tend to fight,, space especially when enclosed and too few females; somewhat pushy, needs territory and lots of plant to break line of sight; relatively newly identified and unknown
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BettaDwarf Red BettaBetta coccinaClaret Betta, Wine Red Betta, Red Fighting Fish6.0 cm/ 2.4 "4.0-6.424-27 C/ 75.2-80.6 F0.0-4.0 dHtop dwellerAsia/Sumatra, IndonesiaCarnivore/live, frozen, only with conditioning: flakes and pelletsfreshwater/soft acidic in wild, treat with peathigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationlabyrinth fish, need surface exposed to oxygen with at least one section with low enough current; very timid, needs plants to hide in; can group male and females together; only one male per tank;
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BettaSiamese Fighting FishBetta splendensBetta 7.0 cm/ 2.8 "6.8-7.424-27 C/ 75.2-80.6 F?-20 dGHtop dwellerAsia/Thailand, CambodiaCarnivoresfreshwater/warmer temperatures, soft, slightly acidichigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationlabyrinth fish, need surface exposed to oxygen with some area with low enough current; only one male per tank; thrive on warm water
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CatfishFalse CoryAspidoras pauciradiatusSixray Corydoras3.5 cm/ 1.3 "6.0-7.222-25 C/ 71.6-77.0 F?-12 dHSchoaling/5 minbottom dwellerSouth America/BrazilOmnivorefreshwater/slightly acidichigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationsmall tank, with other peaceful small species that are on other levels of tank; watch to make sure they aren't bullied or starved
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CatfishMini Moth CatfishHara jerdoniAsian Stone Catfish3.0 cm/ 1.25 "5.6-7.618-24 C/ 64.4-75.2 F8-15 dH3 minbottom dwellerAsia/India, BangladeshCarnivore/live, pellets, flakes/nocturnal feederfreshwater/relatively cool/high in oxygenhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationlikes soft substrate, consider adding leaves along bottom; seriouslyfish.com reports relatively inactive and small can be outcompeted by other active catfish; hiding spaces needed; lots of oxygen needed; nocturnal feeder
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CatfishShadow Catfish FlavusHyalobagrus flavus4.4 cm/ 1.8 "5.0-6.222-27 C/ 71.6-80.6 F5-12 dHSchoaling/4 minbottom dwellerAsia/SumatraCarnivore/live, frozen; pellets if necessaryfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationhiding under thick mats of grasses in wild
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CatfishDwarf Ornate BagrusHyalobagrus ornatus; Pelteobagrus ornatus; Pseudobagrus ornatus Dwarf Ornat Bagrid3.0 cm/ 1.25 "5.0-6.222-27 C/ 71.6-80.6 F6-10 dHSchoaling/4 minbottom dwellerAsia/MalaysiaCarnivore/live,frozen and if necessary pelletsfreshwater/little to no currenthigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationinhabits peat; wants fully planted; diurnal
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CatfishOtocinclusOtocinclus affinisDwarf Sucker Fish5.0 cm/ 2.0 "6.0-7.521-26 C/ 69.8-78.0 F6-15 dH3 minbottom dwellerSouth America/ PeruHerbivoresfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationalgae eater: make sure to supplement if not much algae in tank; almost too nice, don't let them be bullied; acclimate slowly
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CatfishHummingbird catfishRama chandramaraAsian Cory; Hovering Catfish; Golden Shadow Catfish5.0 cm/ 2.0 "6.0-7.020-25 C/ 68.0-77.0 FGroup of 3 to 4 minbottom dwellerAsia/India, BangladeshCarnivore/ strongly prefers live, frozenfreshwater/relatively slow currenthigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationgood water quality a must; likes hiding under plants/driftwood; easily bullied
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CichlidDwarf Flag CichlidLaetacara curviceps4.5 cm/ 1.75 "6.0-7.822-28 C/ 71.6-82.4 F0-18 dGHbonded pairsBonded pair in 10gSouth AmericaCarnivore/ Live and frozen foodsfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationlike flat rock surfaces as territory
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CichlidBrevis Shell-DwellerNeolamprologus brevis5.5 cm/ 2.25 "5.0 cm/ 2.0 "7.4-8.623-28 C/ 73.4-82.0 F10-20 dHBonded pair in 5gbottom dwellerAfrica/Lake TanganyikaCarnivore/ live food eater in wild; live, frozen and pellets/flakes. Occasional veggiefreshwater/ hard waterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationshell breeders; can be less of a digger than other neolamprologus; harem so more females per male; plenty of shells so everyone can have a territory; sandy substrate, can be diggers like other cichlids; only one shelldwelling species per tank
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CichlidMulti-lined CichlidsNeolamprologus multifasciatus5.0 cm/ 2.0 "2.5 cm/ 1.0 "7.4-8.523-28 C/ 73.4-82.0 F10-20 dHSchoaling/5 minbottom dwellerAfrica/Lake TanganyikaCarnivore/ live food eater in wild; live, frozen and pellets/flakesfreshwater/ hard waterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationone of the more aggressive shell breeders; can be serious diggers; harem so more females per male; plenty of shells so everyone can have a territory; sand subtrate; can be quite a digger; only one shelldwelling species per tank
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CichlidSimilis Cichlid Neolamprologus similis6.0 cm/ 1.6 "5.0 cm/ 2.0 "7.4-8.423-28 C/ 73.4-82.0 F10-20 dHbottom dwellerAfrica/Lake TanganyikaCarnivore/ live food eater in wild; live, frozen and pellets/flakesfreshwater/ hard waterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinion about suitability to nanotank; this species may get too big; can be diggers like other cichlids; sand substrate; shell breeders; harem so more females per male; sand substrate; plenty of shells so everyone can have a territory; species similus may get too large for nanotank; only one shelldweller species per tank
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CorydorasSalt and Pepper CoryCorydoras habrosusDainty Cory3.5 cm/ 1.3 "6.0-7.221-25 C/ 69.8-77.0 F5-12 dHSchoaling/5 min+bottom dwellerSouth AmericaOmnivores/ smaller size quality foodsfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationpeaceful community fish to own species and others; too nice, don't let them be bullied;
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CorydorasDwarf Cory Corydoras hastatus2.5 cm/ 1.0 "3.0 cm/ 1.25 "6.0-7.223-27 C/ 73.4-80.6 F5.0-19 dHSchoaling/5 min+bottom dwellerSouth AmericaOmnivores/ smaller size quality foodsfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationdoesn't rest on bottom as much as other corys; too nice, don't let them be bullied;
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CorydorasPygmy Cory Corydoras pygmaeus2.1 cm/ .75 "6.0-8.022-26 C/ 71.6-78.0 F2.0-25 dHSchoaling/5 min+bottom dwellerSouth AmericaOmnivores/ smaller size quality foodsfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationpeaceful community fish to own species and others; too nice, don't let them be bullied;
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DadioDadioLaubuca dadiburjori; Chela dadyburjoriOrange Chela; Orange Hatchet Fish3.0 cm/ 1.25 "6.0-8.022-24 C/ 71.6-75.2 F2-10 dHSchoaling/5 min10g/pairtop dwellerAsia/IndiaOmnivore/ flake supplemented with livefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinions on whether this should be in Nano; needs current, needs length of tank, Reportedly Jumper, possibly not appropriate to Nano tank although suggested by thread
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DaniosPearl DanioDanio albolineatus6.5 cm/ 2.5 "6.0-8.020-25 C/ 68.0-77.0 F5-19 dHSchoaling/5 minall levelsAsia/Burma, Sumatra, ThailandOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinions on whether Danios should be Nano fish;this one is also active and should be with other active fish; occurs in wild at surface of fastmoving streams; likes current and space to move; is active
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DaniosCelestial RasboraDanio margaritatusCelestial Pearl Danio; Fireworks Danio2.1 cm/ .75 "2.05 cm/ .75 "22-24 C/ 71.6-75.2 F3 minall levelsAsia/MyanmarOmnivores/flakes, live, frozenhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationShould be aquarium bred specimans; endangered in the wild; can be timid, seems to come out more when other calm species in tank
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DaniosDwarf DanioDanio nigrofasciatusSpotted Danio3.7 cm/ 1.3 "6.7-7.024-28 C/ 75.2-82.4 F5-12 dHSchoaling/5 minall levelsAsia/MyanmarCarnivore/live/frozen foods and quality flakes, if necfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinions on whether Danios should be Nano fish; this seems more appropriate size than some common danios; occurs at surface of fastmoving streams; likes a little current;
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DaniosZebra DanioDanio rerio5.0 cm/ 2.0 "6.0-8.018-25 C/ 64.4-77.0 F5-12 dHSchoaling/5 minall levelsAsia/IndiaOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinions on whether Danios should be Nano fish;this one is particularly identified as very active needing space, though; occurs in wild at surface of fastmoving streams; likes current and some open space to swim; is active and voracious;
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DanioellaDanioella translucida1.1 cmAsia/Myanmar
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DarioScarlet BadisDario darioBengal Dario2.0 cm/ .75 "-726 C/2 minbottom dwellerAsia/IndiaCarnivores/live food, flakes only in a pinchhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationdo better in larger community tank; males like having a territory, with as many females as males; dominant male may starve out other female and male in too small a tank
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DartersRainbow DartersEtheostoma caeruleum7.7 cm/ 3.0 "18 C/ 64.4 Fbottom dwellerNorth AmericaCarnivores/insect larvaefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinions on whether this should be Nano fish; is pretty big; "coldwater" fish; is a river dweller in the wild; likes a fast current, ripples; demands live food; jumps frequently needs tight lid and maybe a little space above the water to leap; I have kept a school of 6 for more than two years, disease free, in 10g (with one unfortunate escape out the back by the filter)
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DartersLeast DartersEtheostoma microperca4.4 cm/ 1.8 "7.0-7.810-22 C/ 50.0-71.6 F?-15 dHbottom dwellerNorth AmericaCarnivores/insect larvaefreshwater/weedy sluggish flowhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation"coldwater" fish; some discussion online that darters need more current and space to swim than usual for Nano; Check into it before purchasing ; found over mud or sand; relativley short lived; (http://www.nanfa.org/articles/acdarteraquariums.shtml), but this appears to be a 'swamp darter" which has less need for speed and space; darters usually demand live food
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GobySchooling Bumblebee Goby Brachygobius aggregatus1.5 cm/ .50 "7.2-8.023-29 C/ 74.0-84.0 F3 minbottom dwellerAsiaCarnivores/zooplankton in the wild; /live frozen foodfreshwater to brackish waters in wildhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationfresh to brackish water (slightly salty); Live Food Preferred
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GobyBumblebee GobyBrachygobius nunus Banded Goby2.5 cm/ 1.0 "8.0-8.222-27 C/ 71.6-80.6 F8-12 dH12 juveniles/10 gbottom dwellerAsia/ BorneoCarnivore/live preferred and frozenbrackish high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationsaltiness limits plant possibilities;small shells or caves for breeding; some say territorial, so have no more than one in small tank; others say just have enough shells/caves; others say peaceful with each other; stock one male for every two females; at least 10 species go by the common name 'bumblebee', care and behavior appear to markedly different so work to identify what you have: three are in the 'dwarf' species group but are sold less often: nunus, aggregatus, and menkogensis;
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GobyBurmese Bumblebee GobyBrachygobius xanthomelas2.0 cm/ .75 "7.2-8.023-29 C/ 74.0-84.0 Fbottom dwellerAsia/Indonesia, MalaysiaCarnivore/requires live and frozen foodfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationA "true" freshwater goby; Live Food Preferred
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GouramiRed Licorice GouramiParosphromenus sumatranus ; Osphromenus deissneriLakrid Gourami; Parosphromenus deissneri4.0 cm/ 1.6 "5.6-7.223-28 C/ 73.4-82.0 F1-8 dHOne pair/tankbottom/middleAsiaCarnivore/varied live foodsfreshwater/slow moving blackwater in the wildhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationlabyrinth fish, need surface exposed to oxygen, need no current, mongabay.com recommends one pair per tank and at least one hiding place per fish
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GouramiHoney GouramisTrichogaster chunaSunset 3.8 cm/ 1.4 "5.0 cm/ 2.0 "6.0-8.023-30 C/ 73.0-86.0 F4-12 dHbottom/middleAsiaOmnivore/ flake, pellets, wormsfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationlabyrinth fish, need surface exposed to oxygen
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GouramiPygmy Gourami Trichopsis pumila; Ctenops pumilusSparkling Gourami, Green Croaking Gourami, Dwarf Croaking Gourami, and Purring Gourami4.0 cm/ 1.6 "6.0-7.025-28 C/ 77.0-82.4 F5-19 dHbottom/middleAsiaOmnivores/flakes, live, frozen; freshwater/slow moving blackwater in the wildhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationmales territorial; keep current minimal; need peaceful companions as don't compete well for food; labyrinth fish, needs surface exposed to oxygen
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GudgeonsPeacock GudgeonsTateurndina ocellicaudaPeacock Goby; EyeSpot Sleeper5.0 cm/ 2.0 "6.5-7.524-28 C/ 75.2-82.4 F6-25 dHOne pair/tank++bottom/middleNew GuineaOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationprefers small school in the wild; caves/niches for spawning (pvs pipes); can be picky eater of live foods
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HatchetfishBlack-winged HatchetfishCarnegiella marthae3.5 cm/ 1.3 "5.5-6.523-27 C/ 73.4-80.6 F?-20 dHSchoaling/5 mintop dwellerSouth AmericanCarnivores/live foodfreshwater (peat filtration suggested)high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinions on whether this should be Nano; is a river dweller in the wild; likes a good current, likes open space to swim; likes bright light; jumps frequently needs tight lidand maybe a little space to leap; I have kept a school of 6 for more than two years, disease free, in 10g (with one unfortunate escape out the back by the filter)
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HatchetfishPygmy Hatchetfish Carnegiella myersiMyers Hatchetfish2.2 cm/ .80 "5.5-6.523-26 C/ 73.4-78.0 F?-20 dHSchoaling/5 mintop dwellerSouth AmericanCarnivores/flake, pellet and livefreshwater (peat filtration suggested)high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinions on whether this should be Nano; is a river dweller in the wild; keep current going but not too strong; likes open space to swim; likes bright light; jumps frequently needs tight lidand maybe a little space to leap;
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HatchetfishMarbled Hatchetfish Carnegiella strigata strigata; Carnegiella strigata fasciata3.5 cm/ 1.3 "5.0-8.024-28 C/ 75.2-82.4 F5-19 dHSchoaling/5 min+top dwellerSouth AmericanCarnivoresfreshwater (peat filtration suggested)high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinions on whether this should be Nano; is a river dweller in the wild; according to some likes a good current, likes open space to swim; jumps ; likes frequently needs tight lidand maybe a little space to leap;likes bright light (even sun exposure) I have kept a school of 6 for more than two years, disease free, in 10g (with one unfortunate escape out the back by the filter)
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KillifishAllotoca zacapuensisAllotoca zacapuensis; Zacapu allotoca 3.3 cm/ 1.30 " 7.0-7.017-20 C/ 62.6-68.0 FNorth America/ Mexicofew killis accept flake; check into habits with sellerfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation"coldwater" fish; so little info online about them prob. Not readily available
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KillifishDubois' PanchexAphyoplatys duboisi3.5 cm/ 1.3 "5.8-6.522-26 C/ 71.6-78.0 F50 ppmCongo; Zairefew killis accept flake; check into habits with sellerfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation
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KillifishGolden LyretailAphyosemion Australe6.0 cm/2.4 "6.526 C/ 78 Fpeat in substrate recommendedAfricaCarnivores/brine shrimphigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationsome reports of community aggression from males and can be easily startled away from food; keeping a pair in 20 L quite possible; seem to jump as soon as you leave the lid off; http://www.aquahobby.com/gallery/e_australe.php
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KillifishTwo Stripe LyretailAphyosemion bivittatum5.0 cm/ 2.0 "6.0-6.522-24 C/ 71.6-75.2 F?-6 dHtop dwellerAfricaCarnivore/adult brine, other live, frozen; sometimes accept flakeshigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationnot a seasonal killi, but difficult to maintain in aquarium according to some postings
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KillifishTwo Stripe AphyosemionAphyosemions bitaeniatum5.0 cm/ 2.0 "5.8-7.222-24 C/ 71.6-75.2 FAfricaCarnivore/live; one online report indicates they will eat crushed pelletshigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationnot a seasonal killi, easy to maintain in aquarium according to citation on Fishbase.com; sometimes male fight amongst self and damage fins (www.killi.co.uk)
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KillifishNorman's LampeyeAplocheilichthys normani4.0 cm/ 1.6 "6.5-6.812-22 C/ 53.6-71.6 FAfricaCarnivores/small live plus occasional flakesfreshwater; frequent H20 changeshigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationfishbase.com cites report that they are easy to maintain in aquarium; not a seasonal killifish; shy;
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KillifishSwordfin KillifishCampellolebias brucei4.5 cm/ 1.75 "6.824-26 C/ 75.2-78.0 F10 dHSouth AmericanCarnivore/all types of live foodshigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationseasonal killifish; bottom spawner; some posters say very difficult to maintain in aquarium; reported as threatened wild population
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KillifishSwampfishChologaster Cornuta6.6 cm/ 2.9 "23 C or less/ 73.4 F or lessNorth AmericaOmnivore (microfood)freshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationdemersal?"coldwater" fish; found in detritus at the bottom of slowmoving swamps in the wild; mostly nocturnal; lives in ditches in eastern u.s.; dies after spawning
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KillifishBlue Lampeye KillifishCongopanchax brichardi; Aplocheilichthys brichardi3.0 cm/ 1.25 "5.8-6.520-22 C/ 68-71.6 F5 minCongofew killis accept flake; check into habits with sellerfreshwater/softhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation"coldwater" fish; fishbase.gr reports difficult to keep in an aquarium;
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KillifishGabon JewelfishDiapteron cyanostictum; Aphyosemion cyanostictum6.5 cm/ 2.5 "6.0-6.518 C/ 65 FGabonCarnivore/live and frozenhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationreportedly difficult to keep; peat recommended in some reports (http://aquaworld.netfirms.com/Cyprinodontidae/Aphyosemion/Aphyosemion_cyanostictum.htm)"coldwater fish" online reports suggest difficult to breed and maintain
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KillifishChevalier KilliEpiplatys chevalieri6.0 cm/ 2.4 "6.5-7.024-26 C/ 75.2-78.0 F7-10 dHAfricafew killis accept flake; check into habits with sellerhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationnot a seasonal killi, but reportedly difficult to maintain in aquarium
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KillifishRed Chin PanchexEpiplatys dageti; Epiplatys chaperiFiremouth Killi6.0 cm/ 2.4 "6.0-7.021-23 C/ 69.8-73.4 F5-12 dHupper regionsAfricafew killis accept flake; check into habits with sellerhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationconflicting reports online of easy vs. very difficult to keep in aquarium; jumpers: keep a tight lid; not a seasonal killi, but reportedly easy to maintain in aquarium
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KillifishKillifish FoerschichthysFoerschichthys flavipinnus3.5 cm/ 1.3 "23-28 C/ 73.4-82.0 FAfrica/Ghana, Nigerfew killis accept flake; check into habits with sellerfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationnot a seasonal killifish
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KillifishStarhead TopminnowFundulus dispar6.0 cm/ 2.4 "15-25 C/ 59.0-77.0 FNorth AmericaOmnivore: mostly carnivore, insects, but appreciates occasional greenshigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationMixed Opinions as to appropriateness for Nano tank: size report ranges up to 8 cm; but one killifish site had reporters from multiple states reporting wild/aquarium specimens never reaching >2.0; (forum.nanfa.org) in "coldwater" fish; U.S. killi
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KillifishYucatan Flagfish Garmanella pulchra; Jordanella pulchraSnakeskin Killi; Yucatan Pubfish4.0 cm/ 1.6 "22-28 C/ 71.6-82.4 F2 to 4 adultsCentral America/MexicoCarnivore/all lives plus algae/veggie supplementalbrackish high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationfound in groups in the wild; 'near' swamps/brackish water;not a seasonal killifish, but reportedly difficult to maintain in aquarium; reportedly aggressive in too small tank
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KillifishDwarf Mosquitofish; Least KillifishHeterandria formosaLeast Killi3.0 cm/ 1.25 "7.524 C/ 75.2 F8 dH 2 to 6 adultsbottom/middleNorth AmericaOmnivore/flake and live when available; few killis acccept flakefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationthe seventh smallest fish known to man (aquarticles.net); not a killi, actually, is a livebearer ("females appear to be continuously pregnant"http://www.petfish.net/kb/entry/66/)
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KillifishPygmy KilliLeptolucania ommata3.0 cm/ 1.25 "18-24 C/ 65.0-75.2 F1 adulttop dwellerNorth AmericaOmnivore/ regular live food is importantfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationseasonal killifish; max age: 2 yr; reportedly difficult to maintain in tank; surface waters of swamps and ponds
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KillifishBluefin KilliLucania Goodei6.0 cm/ 2.4 "6.5-6.812-22 C/ 53.6-71.6 F?-15 dHNorth AmericaOmnivore: mostly carnivore, but appreciates occasional greenshigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation"coldwater" fish; but reportedly spawn only when sunlight on tank
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KillifishCatarina Pupfish Megupsilon aporus4.0 cm/ 1.6 "7.310-? C/ 50.0-? F12 dHCentral America/Mexicofew killis accept flake; check into habits with sellerhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation"coldwater" fish; likes rocky substrate near plants; extinct in wild? Not a seasonal killifish
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KillifishNile KillifishMicropanchax loati4.0 cm/ 1.6 "22-26 C/ 71.6-78.0 FAfricaCarnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationfishbase.com cites report that they are "very difficult to keep in aquarium"; not a seasonal killifish; very little info online suggests not readily available
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KillifishAphyosemion seymouriNothobranchius kiyawensis; Nothobranchius gambiensis 4.5 cm/ 1.75 "22-26 C/ 71.6-78.0 FAfricaCarnivore/all types of live foodsfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationa seasonal killi, incubation necessary;reportedly difficult to maintain in aquarium according to some postings; one report suggests can be aggressive amongst own species (aquarium atlas
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KillifishJapanese KillifishOryzias latipes; Poecilia latipes; Aplocheilus latipesJapanese Medaka; Ricefish; Moonlight Medaka3.2 cm/ 1.25 "7.0-8.020 C/ 68 F9-19 dHAsia/China, Japanfew killis accept flake; check into habits with sellerfreshwater/softhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation"coldwater" fish (first vertebrate to mate in orbit (wikipedia.org), that we know of (really, none of those rats had a few moments? Or chimps or other primates?:)
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KillifishEast Coast LampeyesPantanodon stuhlmanni5.0 cm/ 2.0 "7.5-8.524-29 C/ 75.2-84.0 FAfricaCarnivore/live and occasional flakesbrackish?high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationFound in groups in the wild; 'near' swamps/brackish water;Threatened species? Brackish water suggested by Aquarium Atlas
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KillifishClown KilliPseudepiplatys annulatus; Epiplatys annulatusRocket Panchax, Banded Killi4.0 cm/ 1.6 "6.5-7.520-27 C/ 68.0-74 F1-5 dH3 prs/10 gallonAfricaCarnivores/live brine; have been known to sometimes accept flakes as part of dietfreshwater/soft to very softhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation"coldwater" fish; couple of online reports that it is easy to breed with heavily planted, lots of java moss and floating plants; some say best in species tanks; not a seasonal killi
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KillifishSaberfin KillifishTerranatos 4.0 cm/ 1.6 "6.0-6.520-25 C/ 68.0-77.0 F4-6 dHAfricaCarnivore/live, dried and frozen; killis can be reluctant with flakesfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationfishbase.com cites report that they are "very difficult to keep in aquarium"; soil-spawner that dies young, must incubate eggs;
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KillifishKillifish TomeurusTomeurus gracilis3.3 cm/ 1.30 " 7.5-8.526-29 C/ 78.0-84.0 F20 dHSchoaling/5 mintop dwellerSouth Americafew killis accept flake; check into habits with sellerfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationNot a seasonal killifish acording to fishbase; likes to be at surface, under floating plants
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LivebearerBarred LivebearerCarlhubbsia stuartiBanded Widow, Stuart's Livebearer3.2 cm/ 1.25 "5.0 cm/ 2.0 "6.5-7.223-27 C/ 73.4-80.6 F8-12 ghSouth AmericaCarnivore/live, frozen, flakeshigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationinhabits highly vegetated fast moving waters in wild; easy peaceful livebearers potentially too prolific for small tanks; http://www.gpasi.org/articles/carlhubbsia_stuarti.html
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LivebearerCarnegie's Millionsfish/LivebearerCnesterodon carnegiei Ten-Spotted Live Bearer3.0 cm/ 1.25 "6.5-8.018-26 C/ 65.0-78.0 F5-25 dHSouth AmericaOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation
69
LivebearerBig Bend Gambusia Gambusia gaigei 5.4 cm/ 2.20 "U.S.A.Carnivore/live foods,high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationonly lives in wild in one "spring" fed pond in one national park
70
LivebearerTeardrop MosquitofishGambusia sexradiataGambusia, Tropical Mosquitofish, Bandit Mosquitofish;Striped Mosquitofish; Eastern Mosquitofish; Plague Mosquitofish2.6 cm/ 1.0 "3.5 cm/ 1.3 "6.5-7.822-26 C/ 71.6-78.0 F?-18U.S.A.Omnivore/live foodhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationCan handle slowmoving/thicklyplanted small tanks but prolific breeder, aggressive to own species and others and can starve out shyer species (www.fcps.edu/islandcreekes/ecology/eastern_mosquitofish.htm)
71
LivebearerGrand Cayman LimiaLimia caymanensis2.8 cm/ 1.10 " 3.2 cm/ 1.29 "Grand Caymansbrackish/freshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationreported mangrove/brackish water and freshwater in wild (www.fishbase.org)
72
LivebearerTiburon Peninsula LimiaLimia dominicensishiati-limia, hohtolimia; 2.6 cm/ 1.0 "6.0-7.224-28 C/ 75.2-82.4 F?-20 dHCentral America;Haiti; Dominican RepublicOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationsome threads report gentle; found in shallow/slowmoving richly planted waters in wild (www.fishbase.org)
73
LivebearerSulphur LimiaLimia sulphurophila Purple Sulphur limia3.8 cm/ 1.4 "2.0 cm/ .75 "7.220-28 C/ 75.0-82.4 F8 adults/10 gall levelsDominican RepublicCarnivores (mostly)freshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationmixed reports on aggression(chase but no damage vs. species-only needed because so shy will starve); was found in a sulphur spring in wild; http://www.faas.info/download/pub_awards/2005/012-001.pdf
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LivebearerSwamp guppyMicropoecilia picta; Poecilia pictaPainted Guppy4.0 cm/ 1.6 "7.0-8.023-24 C/ 73.4-75.2 F9-19 dH4 minmid to top dwellerCentral to South AmericaCarnivores (mostly)freshwater to brackish waters in wild/tolerates salinity but does better in fresh, prefers warm waterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationrarely available; have more female than males in tank to reduce stress/aggression
75
LivebearerTiger Teddy Neoheterandria elegans 3.8 cm/ 1.4 "4.8 cm/ 2.0 "7.224-28 C/ 75.2-82.4 F+ColumbiaCarnivores (mostly)freshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationspecies only suggested by many as shy; http://www.fishchannel.com/media/freshwater-aquariums/fish-breeding/tiger-teddies.aspx.pdf
76
LivebearerPicotee LivebearerPhallichthys fairweatheriFairweather/Elegant Widow3.8 cm/ 1.4 "4.5 cm/ 1.75 "6.5-8.024-28 C/ 75.2-82.4 F15-15 dHCentral Americafreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation
77
LivebearerFour-SpotPhallichthys quadripunctatusDomino Widow 3.5 cm/ 1.3 "720-26 C/ 78.0-78.0 F?-12 dHCentral Americafreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation
78
LivebearerPallid WidowPhallichthys ticoDwarf Merry Widow2.5 cm/ 1.0 "3.5 cm/ 1.50 "7.0-7.520-23 C/ 73.4-78.03-10 dHGuatemala/PanamaCarnivore/live preferredfreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationnon-aggressive; http://www.petfish.net/kb/entry/73/ reports that these fish eat algae but not plants
79
LivebearerDusky Millions Fish Phalloceros caudimaculatus Leopard Fish; Speckled Mosquitofish3.5 cm/ 1.3 "7.0 - 8.020-24 C/ 68.0-75.2 F9 - 19 dHSouth AmericaOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationvery hardy; do not need heated tank http://watershed3.tripod.com/leopards.html
80
LivebearerBranner's LivebearerPoecilia branneri; Micropoecilia branneri; Poecilia heteristiaOcellated Micromolly3.0 cm/ 1.25 "4.0 cm/ 1.6 "26-28 C/ 78.0-82.4 FSouth Americafreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationsocial
81
LivebearerGuppy Poecilia reticulata; syn.Girardinus guppii Millionfish; 3.5 cm/ 1.3 "6.0 cm/ 2.4 "7.0-8.023-24 C/ 73.4-75.2 F10-19 dHmid to top dwellerSouth AmericaOmnivorefreshwater to brackish waters in wild/tolerates salinity but does better in fresh, prefers warm waterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationprolific reproducer: can overwhelm small tank; males only?
82
LivebearerEndler's Livebearer Poecilia wingei2.0 cm/ .75 "4.0 cm/ 1.6 "7.5?-27 C/?- 80.6 F3 adults/same sexmm or ffVenezuelaOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationjumper (have tight lid); prolific reproducer: overwhelms small tank; female will eat shrimp fry but they can coexist in multigenerational tank; will interbreed with guppies but are losing distinct features because of frequent hybridization
83
LivebearerBlackstripe Livebearer Poeciliopsis prolifica2.5 cm/ 1.0 "3.0 cm/ 1.25"824-28 C/ 75.2-82.4 F2-10 dHCentral AmericaLive and FlakeBrackish acceptable (not required)high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationeasy to keep; very peaceful; hard to find but prolific (one pair and you have a tank); easy to find; info from http://www.petfish.net/kb/entry/71/
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MicrorasboraBurma Yellow Neon RasboraMicrodevario kubotai; formerly Microrasbora kubotai;2.0 cm/ .75 "6.5-7.025-28 C/ 77.0-82.4 F8-10 dHSchoaling/5 minmid-dwellerThailandOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationpeaceful, should be kept with other small fish or species tank; aquariumwiki says moderately difficult
85
MicrorasboraMicrorasbora nanaMicrodevario nanus; formerly Microrasbora nana1.5 cm/ .50 "6.5-7.523-28 C/ 73.4-82.0 F8-12 dHSchoaling/5 minMyanmarOmnivoreMild brackish acceptable, not necessaryhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationaquariumwiki says moderately difficult
86
MinnowBarboides gracilisBarboides gracilisDwarf Amber Barb1.8 cm/ .75 "6.524-26 C/ 75.2-78.0 FSchoaling/5 minAfricafreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationpeaceful; should be kept with other nano fish; fry very small need tiny foods like rotifers
87
MinnowBarbus SylvaticusBarbus sylvaticus1.9 cm/ .75 "23-26 C/ 73.4-78.0 FAfricafreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation
88
MinnowBarred Topminnow Quintana atrizona; Limia eptomaculata lara3.4 cm/ 1.45 "2.0 cm/.75"6.824-28 C/ 75.2-82.4 F12-15 dHCentral America/Cubafreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation
89
MinnowWhite Cloud Mountain Minnow Tanichthys albonubes 4.0 cm/ 1.6 "6.0-7.509-25 C/ 48.2-77.0 F5-19 dHSchoaling/5 minmid-dwellerAsiaOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationdoes best with other peaceful fish; from fast moving streams in wild so like a good current;
90
MinnowWhite Cloud Mountain Minnow Var. GoldenTanichthys albonubes v. golden4.0 cm/ 1.6 "6.0-7.509-25 C/ 48.2-77.0 FSchoaling/5 minAsiaOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationdoes best with other peaceful fish; from fast moving streams in wild so like a good current;
91
MinnowVietnamese Minnow Tanichthys micagemmaeDwarf Cardinal; Sparkle Eye White Cloud; Royal White Cloud2.3 cm/ .90 "3.0 cm/ 1.25 "6.0-7.518-23 C/64.4-73.46-15 dHSchoaling/5 minVietnamOmnivore (daphnia and flakes)high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationlikes some open space as well as densely planted edges; appreciates strong fast current as from fastmoving streams in the wild
92
MollyCauca Molly Poecilia caucanaSouth American Molly 3.0 cm/ 1.25 "6.0 cm/ 2.2 "6.5-7.226-30 C/ 78.0-86 F10-20 dHmid-dwellerPanamaOmnivore (mosquito larvae and algae)high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationsome salt recommended in tank
93
MollyDwarf Molly Poecilia chica3.0 cm/ 1.25 "5.0 cm/ 2.0 "6.5 - 7.523-26 C/ 73.4-78.0 F10-20 dHmid-dwellerMexicofreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationsome salt recommended in tank
94
PencilfishDwarf Pencilfish Nannostomus marginatus3.5 cm/ 1.3 "5.8 - 7.524-26 C/ 75.2-78.0 F15 dHSchoaling/5 minall levelsGuyanaOmnivore (flake and live)high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationtend tohover in one spot, but can be quite a jumper so suggest cover to tank
95
PlatyMonterrey Platyfish Xiphophorus couchianus; Limia couchianus 4.0 cm/ 1.6 "6.0 cm/ 2.2 "6.0-7.027-30 C/ 80.6-86.0 FMexicofreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationaquaticommunity.com recommends more females than males; critically endangered in the wild (<250 left): important to buy only aquarium born specimens
96
PlatyNorthern Platyfish Xiphophorus gordoni 3.5 cm/ 1.3 "4.0 cm/ 1.6 "7.5-8.127-30 C/ 80.6-86.0 F10-25 dHCentral America/Mexicofreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationthickly planted with some open areas; always more females then males to reduce female stress
97
PlatySouthern Platy Xiphophorus maculatus 4.0 cm/ 1.6 "6.0 cm/ 2.2 "7.0-8.018-25 C/ 64.4-77.0 F9-19 dHCentral America/MexicoOmnivorefreshwater (www.aquaticcommunity.com warns not to add bogwood or peat)high water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationdon't keep with overly aggressive fish; 70 fry per birthing every 4-6 weeks; small mouths
98
PlatyCatemaco PlatyfishXiphophorus milleri 3.0 cm/ 1.25 "4.5 cm/ 1.75 "7.524-28 C/ 75.2-82.4 F4-15 dHCentral America/MexicoOmnivore (prefers live; can handle dried/flake)freshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulation
99
PlatyPygmy Swordtail Xiphophorus pygmaeusSlender Pygmy Swordtail4.0 cm/ 1.6 "7.2-7.824-28 C/ 75.2-82.4 F5-18 dHtop dwellerCentral America/MexicoOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationsometimes with swordtail dominant male can be bully; one male many ladies suggested; dwells in top of tank
100
PlatySwordtail Platyfish Xiphophorus xiphidium Spiketail Platy4.0 cm/ 1.6 "7.2-8.218-25 C/ 64.4-77.0 F15-25 dH2-3 gallons per fishtop dwellerCentral America/MexicoOmnivorefreshwaterhigh water quality / oxygen: surface and circulationsometimes with swordtails dominant male can be bully; one male many ladies suggested; generally considered peaceful; top-level dweller; should be kept with other peaceful fish
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Nano fish list 11-2012
Sources