Context for Quotes Flow Chart
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Is your support more of a personal opinion or facts and information?
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OPINION (probably using a "direct quote")FACTS (probably citing info without a "direct quote")
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Is there a name attached with this personal/expert opinion?Do the facts qualify as "common knowledge?" Things that most people know?
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REAL NAMEUSER NAMENO NAMEYESNO
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Will readers know who they are by name alone?Are you writing a paper where quoting online comments on YouTube is important?Why no name?Cite the source at the end of the paper, but you don't have to mention the name of the source directly in the text.How would you classify the information?
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NOYES = use their whole name, then last name after first referenceYES - Go with it. NO - Don't use it.ANONYMOUS, to preserve the safety of the speakerEDITORIAL or other unsigned work from a trusted sourceNO CLEAR REASONSTATISTICS / NUMBERSRESEARCH + RESULTSSPECIFIC DETAILS
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What makes them a valuable source?Can you pinpoint how these figures where calculated?
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EXPERT ON MY TOPICPUBLISHED OPINIONPERSONAL EXPERIENCE
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Are they affiliated with a university, research group, or other professional organization?What kind of source published their opinion?Explain what they did or saw that connects to your topic
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YES - include this as context for your quoteMainstream Media (CNN, CBS, Huffington Post, etc.)Aggregate sites: EHow, Wikipedia, About.com
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NO - then how do you know they are an expert? Find out, or drop this source.YES - Name the trusted source in the contextNO - not good enough.
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