Lower Cross Syndrome
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tight - lumbar flexorsOriginInsertionActionsInnervationweak - absOriginInsertionActionsInnervation
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Iliocostalis(b) EXT, (u) L. FLX, pelvis forw.C8-L1 dors. ramusObliquus externus abdominisribs 5-12 ///crista iliaca, linea alba ///(b) FLX, (u) L. FLX, Contra-ROTintercostales (T5-T12)
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lumborumsacrum, crista iliacapr. Transv. L, ribs 6-12Obliquus internus abdominiscrista iliaca, lig. inguinale \\\ribs 10-12, linea alba \\\(b) FLX, (u) L. FLX, Homo-ROTintercostales (T8-T12)
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thoracisribs 7-12ribs 1-6Transversus abdominisribs 7-12, crista iliaca =linea alba =(u) Homo-ROTintercostales (T5-T12)
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cervicisribs 3-7pr. Transv. C4-C5Rectus abdominisribs 5-7, pr. xiphoideus |||symphysis pubica |||FLX, pelvis backw.intercostalis (T5-T12)
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Longisimus(b) EXT, (u) L. FLX, pelvis forw.C1-L5 dors. ramusPyramidalissymphysis pubica |linea alba |tenses the linea albasubcostalis
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thoracissacrum, crista iliaca, pr. Transv. low Tribs 2-12, pr. Transv. high TQuadratus lumborumcrista iliacarib 12, pr. Cost. L1-L4(b) FLX, (u) L. FLXsubcostalis
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cervicispr. Transv. T2-T6pr. Transv. C2-C5tight - hip flexorsOriginInsertionActionsInnervation
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capitispr. Transv. C4-T3pr. Mastoideushead ext, l. flx, homo-rotPsoas majorT12 + L1-4Trochanter minorHip: FLEX, EXT ROT - Lumbar spine: (UL) LAT FLEX, (Bl) RAISES FROM SUP, pelvis forw.pl. Lumbalis (L1-3)
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Intertransversii(b) EXT, (u) L. FLXdors. ramusIliacusFossa iliacaFemoralis
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mediales lumborumpr. Mamillares L (under)proc. Mamillares L (above)Psoas minorL1-4Iliopectineal arcpl. Lumbalis (L1-3)
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laterales lumborumpr. Costales L (under)proc. Costales L (above)Rectus femorisS.I.A.I.Tuberositas tibiae (lig. patellae)Hip: FLEX - Knee: EXT, pelvis forw.Femoralis (L2-4)
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InterspinalesEXTdors ramustight - knee flexorsOriginInsertionActionsInnervation
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lumborumpr. Spin. L (under)pr. Spin. L (above)Biceps femoris
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Multifiduspr. Transv. *L (under)pr. Spin. *L (above)(b) EXT, (u) L. FLX, Contra-ROT pelvis forw.dors. ramusCaput longum (LH)Tuber ischiadicum + lig. sacrotuberaleCaput fibulaeHip: EXT - Knee: FLEX, EXT ROT, pelvis backw.Fibularis, Isciadicus (L5-S2)
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weak - glutsOriginInsertionActionsInnervationCaput brevis (SH)Linea aspera (labium lat., middle 3rd)Knee, FLEX, EXT ROT, pelvis backw.
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Gluteus maximusSacrum + Ilium (facies glutea)(U): Tractus iliotibialis (tuber. of Gerdy)(U) Hip: EXT, EXT ROT, ABD pelvis backw.Gluteus inferior (L5-S2)SemimembranosusTuber ischiadicumCondylus med. tibiae - P.A.P.*Hip: EXT - Knee: FLEX, INT ROT, pelvis backw.Ischiadicus (L5-S2)
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(L): Tuberositas glutea (femur)(L) Hip: EXT, EXT ROT, ADDSemitendinosusTuber ischiadicum + lig. sacrotuberaleTuberositas tibiae (med.) - P.A.S.*
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Gluteus mediusIlium (facies glutea)Trochanter major(A) Hip: ABD, FLEX, INT ROTGluteus superior (L4-S1)
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Gluteus minimus(P) Hip: ABD, EXT, EXT ROT
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