Indigenous People's Day 2016 - Gaps & Issues in online knowledge
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Gap/Issue NotesExpertsReferences
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HIstory of scholarship and narratives: Indians often referenced only through lense of the Missions, and in derogatory waysKumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly MiskwishEnvironmental research and source materials help correct some of this bias
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WP article on Kumeyaay, Language: Focus on different perspectives between linguists and native speakers. Native speakers don't see it as separate languages. Many linguists actually agree with Kumeyaay on that point.Kumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly MiskwishNo reference yet
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WP article on Kumeyaay, History: Before Contact - different people or different cultures? Bias comes in when perspective is portrayed as native opinions vs scientists studies. Nothing in the archaeological record says that new people moved in and wiped out others. Same people (maybe w/ intermarriage) w/ roots back to paleoIndians, with culture change over time.Kumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly Miskwishlook at scholarship on Montana genetic testing, remains found in Mexico caves, and Kennewick man - findings show direct line of descent to current people
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Environmental management, including fire management, harvest techniques, engineeringKumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly MiskwishTending the Wild
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Trade and commerce are often underreferenced. Obsidian mines, etc existedKumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly MiskwishArchaelogical reports
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Politics of Paleo-identity: Scientists undermine scientific evidence that local people are descendents of paleo-Indians, to block repatriation. Scientific American took biased viewKumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly Miskwishno reference yet
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History books often define California borders retroactively. As a geographic and ecological unit, there is continuity with Baja. Kumeyaay territory a great example of this. Kumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly MiskwishKumeyaay: A history textbook precontact to 1893
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Spread of diseases: estimate at least 1m Indians here before missions came, and 300,000 after Missions started. Estimates of population decline in present CA prior to 1769 range from 600,000 to 1.2m. Spread of indigenous spiritual traditions to try to safeguard Indians from these diseasesKumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly MiskwishCA population studies done by x
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San Diego experience: difficulties of religious conversion, lack of environmental understanding, and 1779 destruction of the mission (these are some distinctions from other parts of CA)Kumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly MiskwishKumeyaay: A history textbook precontact to 1893
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Conversions? 60 converts per year likely includes: People who didn't understand what it meant, Stockholm syndrome identification w/ opressors, and children born into the Mission systemKumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly Miskwish
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Population change 1600-1910 - add Mike's chart to Commons.Kumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly MiskwishMike's slide deck
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Gold rush and gold production, slaughter of many indigenous peoples during this time. Genocide driven by greed for gold (as well as land and water, of course)Kumeyaay and California Indian HistoryMichael Connolly MiskwishMurder State (and other texts referenced in that book)
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