SSEHRI PFAS Contamination Site Tracker (last updated: October 4, 2018)
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Contamination SiteStateLocationNature of source(s)Litigation (Yes/No)PFOA_PFOSOther_PFAS
Date_of_discovery
Suspected contamination sourceSuspected source URLNotesDateReg / Gov ResponseCommunity ResponseLitigation detailsNotes_1URL_1URL_2URL_3URL_4URL_5
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DecaturAlabamaDecatur, AlabamaIndustry / Manufacturing1PFOA and PFAS detected at 110 ppt in West Morgan-East Lawrence Water and Sewer Authority.

Jul 2017: Cumulative total levels in Wheeler Lake between 32.5 ppt to 754 ppt. Combined sediment total levels ranged from 222 ppt to more than 47,000 ppt.
N/A20083M manufacturing facility in Decaturhttps://theintercept.com/2016/04/11/lawsuits-charge-that-3m-knew-about-the-dangers-of-pfcs/Most of the county's 33,000 residents rely on bottled water, but only those that can afford it or recieve donations. The WMEL water authority installed a GAC filtration system, but it's not a permanent fix. A reverse osmosis system is needed long-term. WMEL planned to pay for the $25 million system with settlement money from its lawsuits against 3M and Daikin, but Daikin recently settled for only $4 million, and the 3M suit is still in court.2008The State of Alabama has a loose agreement with 3M to try to remediate PFAS chemicals at the Decatur plant. No state limit exists for how much of PFASs 3M can discharge into the Tennessee River. EPA issued a health advisory for the WMEL customers in May 2016 after detecting high levels of PFOA & PFOS in the drinking water.
WMEL warned customers to use bottled water and borrowed $4 million to pay for a carbon filtration system to filter out the chemicals.
WMEL officials say they need a reverse osmosis filtration system for permanent safe water. It was estimated to cost about $25 million to install, but WMEL officials now say it will be much higher.
Multiple lawsuits filed against 3M Co., Dyneon LLC, and Daikin America, LLC. Daikin initially settles for $4M for carbon filtration and to residents, but decision was reversed in appellate court.Lawrence county residents have reported high rates of cancer and other health problems: "There's more sick people then there are healthy people," says Beth McCarley... "I wouldn't put my toe in it now," she said. "It might rot off. I don't know." ... "I think over half the people is dying from some kind of cancer," says Annie Hughes... "Two or three funerals a week," said Darrius Bell. "You know, four or five a month. That's kind of unusual." (quotes from article by WHNT News/Tribune Broadcasting)http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/A/ANR-2326/ANR-2326.pdf https://nyenvirolaw.org/lawrence-county-al-pfoas/ http://keepyourpromisesdupont.com/ http://warriorsforcleanwater.org/ https://pfasproject.com/decatur-alabama/http://www.decaturdaily.com/news/local/wheeler-reservoir-included-in-fish-advisory/article_1b5b60f6-2774-530a-9489-4f8184f7ba50.htmlhttp://www.decaturdaily.com/news/local/court-blocks-million-daikin-settlement-on-water-pollution/article_05a10319-2fe0-5d79-ae66-abce535cc1fc.htmlhttp://www.decaturdaily.com/news/local/federal-report-focuses-on-toxicity-of-decatur-area-chemicals/article_c3e0b12a-0f12-5d48-932b-1a3e8b1c061b.htmlhttp://www.decaturdaily.com/news/local/west-morgan-east-lawrence-water-board-to-consider-m-for/article_2f1bb3f2-d43f-506b-892d-4e3463d8dc30.htmlhttp://www.decaturdaily.com/news/local/authority-prepares-to-borrow-m-to-remove-toxins-from-drinking/article_105b67f7-56b1-5a2d-9989-9c4bb552d4dd.htmlhttp://www.decaturdaily.com/news/local/sims-pitches-reverse-osmosis-for-drinking-water-but-board-delays/article_8599ac89-80ce-5ee0-a3b9-df83a44b6ce2.htmlhttps://www.decaturdaily.com/news/morgan_county/decatur/lawsuit-m-knew-chemicals-were-toxic/article_8a64d460-d353-5dac-a71b-5b5cca11f2e7.htmlhttps://whnt.com/2018/09/24/residents-concerned-about-drinking-water-quality-feel-abandoned-by-state-of-alabama/https://whnt.com/2018/09/25/governor-remains-silent-on-lawrence-co-water-quality-issue-ags-office-working-to-get-answers/https://whnt.com/2018/10/09/democratic-ag-candidate-vows-to-take-action-on-lawrence-county-water-issue-ag-remains-silent/https://whnt.com/2018/10/16/west-morgan-east-lawrence-water-authority-asking-governor-ivey-ag-steve-marshall-for-help-suing-3m-over-drinking-water/https://whnt.com/2018/10/18/alabama-ags-office-pledges-to-meet-with-west-morgan-east-lawrence-water-authority-on-drinking-water-lawsuit/https://www.decaturdaily.com/news/lawrence_county/sen-jones-hears-local-tainted-water-concerns/article_ec731613-312c-550b-accc-b8596452887b.html
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GadsdenAlabamaEtowah County (Gadsden, Rainbow City and Southside), AlabamaIndustry / Manufacturing1PFOA (40 ppt), PFOS (50-60 ppt)
PFHpA: 20 ppt (Gadsden and Southside; PFBS: 100 ppt (Rainbow City); PFHpA: 20 ppt (Rainbow City)
2013-20153M and Carpet makers and suppliers in the Dalton, Ga area http://www.timesfreepress.com/news/business/aroundregion/story/2016/sep/24/lawsuit-dalton-ga-carpet-companies-polluted-a/388373/No data2013No DataLawsuit filed against 32 carpet makers and suppliers in September 2016.The specific water systems above EPA 70ppt guidline in Alabama are: West Morgan-East Lawrence Water Authority
Gadsden Water Works and Sewer Board
Centre Water and Sewer Board
V.A.W. (Vinemont Anon West Point) Water Systems Inc.
West Lawrence Water Co-op
http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/A/ANR-2326/ANR-2326.pdf https://pfasproject.com/etowah-county-gadsden-rainbow-city-and-southside-alabama/
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Fort PayneAlabamaDekalb County, Fort Payne, AlabamaIndustry / Manufacturing0PFOA (40 ppt), PFOS (70 ppt)
PFBS: 150 ppt; PFHpA: 20 ppt; Combined PFAS: 280 ppt
2014-20153M and Carpet makers and suppliers in the Dalton, Ga area http://www.timesfreepress.com/news/business/aroundregion/story/2016/sep/24/lawsuit-dalton-ga-carpet-companies-polluted-a/388373/No data2014No DataNo DataNo datahttp://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/A/ANR-2326/ANR-2326.pdf https://pfasproject.com/fort-payne-alabama/ https://pfasproject.com/fort-payne-alabama/http://www.gadsdentimes.com/news/20180531/judge-denies-defendants-motion-in-centre-pfcs-case
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Eilson AFBAlaskaMoose Creek, Fairbanks North Star Borough, AlaskaMilitary - Air Force Base0(on-base drinking water) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 9-111 ppt

(on-base monitoring wells) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 95-2,000,000 ppt

(off-base drinking water) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 83-2,222 ppt
N/A2015Firefighting foam used at Eielson Air Force Base https://dec.alaska.gov/commish/press_releases/2015/eielson-air-force-base-investigates-off-base-migration-of-contaminated-groundwater.pdfOn-Base Drinking Water: [4 out of 6 drinking water wells taken off-line. Well with lowest PFOS/PFOA level used as primary well.]

On-Base Monitoring Wells: [18 out of 25 on-base groundwater monitoring wells exceeded the LHA.]

Off-Base Drinking Water: [169 out of 174 private drinking water wells sampled exceeded the LHA]
2017On-Base Drinking Water: [Upgraded the base water treatment plant with 4 temporary GAC filters pending completion of permanent GAC system. Eielson conducts quarterly sampling. One treated water sample above LHA due to carbon break thru. Projected date of 30Nov17 for installation of 4/6 permanent GAC filters. The two additional filters used on the temporary systems scheduled to be permanently installed by 1Jan18]

On-Base Monitoring Wells: [Completed the base-wide Preliminary Assessment and received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated a base-wide Site Inspection for PFOS and PFOA. Will continue following the CERCLA process through investigation, cleanup, and long-term monitoring. Will perform mitigation activities when impacts to human health are determined.]

Off-Base: [Installed 163 water systems (remaining 6 due to owner delays) to include: 96 water tank delivery systems, 65 GAC filter systems, 2 water carboy (5-gal) delivery systems. Complete Interim Proposed Plan to determine final remedy for a long-term drinking water supply for Moose Creek, AK, by Nov 2017. Anticipated connection to the City of North Pole water system. Final Record of Decision to be completed by Aug 2018. Implementation of selected remedy programmed for FY19]
No DataFairbanks Airport found PFASs in 26 out of 33 private drinking water wells, & 19 exceeded EPA health advisory. FAI contracted w/ Vision Construction Intl. for water delivery services; residents/businesses can call to set up alt water source.
http://www.akwater.com/ghu-ccr.pdfhttps://dec.alaska.gov/spar/csp/sites/eielson/http://alaskacollection.library.uaf.edu/eafbsc/cd0/Moose%20Creek%20PFCs%20Contamination%20Information%20Repository/07_Memorandums/Final%20Memo%20for%20Time-Critical%20Removal%20Action%20of%20PFCs_Moose%20Creek,%20Alaska_18Nov2015.pdfhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfhttps://www.alaskapublic.org/2018/06/04/fairbanks-airfields-convert-to-alternative-firefighting-foam-over-contamination-concerns/http://www.newsminer.com/news/local_news/air-force-outlines-options-for-tainted-moose-creek-wells/article_c5180a8a-71d3-11e7-9c50-87a74b1d6730.htmlhttps://www.webcenter11.com/content/news/State-Environmental-Conservation-Proposes-New-Clean-Up-Levels-for-Firefighting-Foams-497891851.html
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Fairbanks Regional Fire Training Center/Fairbanks International AirportAlaskaFairbanks, AlaskaCivilian Airport; Fire Training Center0PFASs found in 26/33 private wells, 19 exceeded EPA health advisory (2015); {GHU municipal water 2018 -- PFOS: 2.4-2.9 ppt, PFOA: 2.9-3.5 ppt}; {Airport -- PFOA: 6.4 - 762 ppt}GHU municipal water 2018 -- PFHxS: 5.1-5.9 ppt, PFHxA: 2.8-3.2 ppt
RFTC - 2014; FAI - 2017
Firefighting foam used from 1984 to 2004 in fire training exercises at the Regional Fire Training Center, and at Fairbanks International Airport since the 1980s
https://dec.alaska.gov/spar/csp/sites/fairbanks-fire-training-centerOver 90 wells contaminated. In early 2016, all private wells tested contained some PFOA and PFOS, but only one exceeded EPA's 400 ppt PHA within .5 mile of RFTC. When the new EPA LHA of 70 ppt was published in May 2016, 4 more wells now exceeded the LHA. 2017The city council voted to pay $25000 water bill stipends tied to the affected property. 44 contaminated homes and businesses have been connected to the city's water system as of December 2017. FAI has contracted with Vision Construction Intl. to provide water delivery services. Residents and businesses in sampling area can call to set up alternate water source. The City of Fairbanks is currently providing water to affected residents, and has connected most affected properties to the municipal water system. The City is planning to connect additional homes and businesses to municipal water during the 2018 construction season. The DEC has also requested a work plan for site characterization from the City.No DataFAI has contracted with Vision Construction Intl. to provide water delivery services. Residents and businesses in sampling area can call to set up alternate water source.http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Epi/eph/Documents/PFCs/20160726%20PFOS%20fact%20sheet%20Fire%20Training%20Center%20Final.pdfhttp://www.fairbanksalaska.us/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/5-yrRFTCresponse_WS.pdfhttps://dec.alaska.gov/Applications/SPAR/PublicMVC/CSP/SiteReport/26309https://dec.alaska.gov/Applications/SPAR/PublicMVC/CSP/SiteReport/26816http://fm.kuac.org/post/city-councilman-demands-plan-recover-groundwater-contamination-response-costshttp://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Epi/eph/Documents/PFCs/20160726%20PFOS%20fact%20sheet%20Fire%20Training%20Center%20Final.pdfhttps://www.alaskapublic.org/2018/06/04/fairbanks-airfields-convert-to-alternative-firefighting-foam-over-contamination-concerns/http://www.newsminer.com/news/local_news/contaminated-water-found-at-south-davis-park-in-fairbanks/article_19c840d8-5a39-11e8-addd-6f873b48ac1c.htmlhttp://fm.kuac.org/post/state-revises-pfas-action-levelhttp://fm.kuac.org/post/state-proposes-groundwater-contamination-cleanup-levels-pfas-related-substanceshttp://www.newsminer.com/news/local_news/fairbanks-hires-two-law-firms-to-help-with-water-contamination/article_010c35bc-e0cc-11e8-bac9-1b316ab84b88.htmlhttp://www.newsminer.com/opinion/editorials/seeking-damages-could-ease-taxpayer-burden-remediating-chemical-contamination-is/article_1872956c-e1a2-11e8-9580-53b53deb7aa8.html
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Naval Arctic Research Lab Barrow - Naval Base Kitsap AlaskaUtqiaġvik, AlaskaMilitary-Naval BaseCombined PFOS/PFOA = 144-262 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Naval Arctic Research Lab Barrow - Naval Base Kitsap
https://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfAll 5 surface water samples detected above the LHA

2018Surface water (Imikpuk Lake) sampled; serves as intermittent water source for hunters and village elders. Investigation underway.No DataNo Data
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Former Amchitka Air Force BaseAlaskaAleutian Islands, AlaskaMilitary - Air Force Base(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 144 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former Amchitka Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfThe only on-base monitoring well tested showed detection above the LHA2018Sampling has been performed and the CERCLA process will continueNo DataNo Data
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Galena Forward Operating LocationAlaskaGalena, AlaskaMilitary(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 1,868-146,400 pptN/A2017
Firefighting foam used at Galena Forward Operating Location
https://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf3 out of 6 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed Preliminary Assessment. Started Site Inspections of AFFF areas identified in PA. Will complete Site Inspection including determination if drinking water is impacted. Will follow CERCLA process for future investigative/cleanup activities. No DataNo Data
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Gustavus AirportAlaskaGustavus, AlaskaCivilian Airport0On-site drinking water well at Airport: Total PFAS= 287ppt
Gustavus Water system (drinking water): Total PFAS= 44 ppt
N/A2018Firfighting foam used at Gustavus Airporthttps://alaska-native-news.com/pfas-discovered-in-groundwater-near-gustavus-airport-firefighting-foam-discharge-areas/36993/N/A2018Additional sampling is being conducted in the contaminated wells to verify the laboratory findings. The airport well is no longer being used as a public drinking water source. The sampling area has been extended to include wells in the surrounding area to ensure that nearby water sources are safe for consumption.No DataNo Datahttp://dot.alaska.gov/sereg/GST-AIP_PFA/index.shtmlhttps://www.ktoo.org/2018/10/31/gustavus-households-offered-safe-drinking-water-after-latest-pfas-scare/
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TempeArizonaTempe, ArizonaMilitary - Air Force Base0Tempe municipal wells: PFOA+PFOS= 58, 94, and 184 ppt
Liberty Utilities: PFOA= 50 ppt, PFOS= 220 ppt
PFHxS= 110 ppt2014Firefighting foam used at Williams Air Force Base (WAFB) located in Mesa, Arizonahttps://yosemite.epa.gov/r9/sfund/r9sfdocw.nsf/viewbyepaid/az7570028582Liberty Utilities- The former Williams Air Force Base (WAFB) is located in Mesa, Arizona, one town East of Tempe. AFFF was used on the base and in training.2014No DataNo dataNo DataNo datahttp://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/arizona-water/2016/05/19/arizona-water-systems-epa-water-guidelines-pfos-pfoa/84619410/ http://static.azdeq.gov/wqd/apec_emerging_cont_final.pdf http://static.azdeq.gov/wqd/apec_emerging_cont_final.pdfhttps://cumulis.epa.gov/supercpad/SiteProfiles/index.cfm?fuseaction=second.cleanup&id=0900890https://arizona.libertyutilities.com/uploads/LP_CCR_16.pdf
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Tucson / Davis-Monthan Air Force BaseArizonaTucson, ArizonaMilitary - Air Force Base02 Tucson Water Municipal wells (last sampled March 2018): 1 found PFOS+PFOA at 2,900-3,300 ppt, the other found PFOS+PFOA at 97-133 ppt
3rd Tucson Water municipal well (sampled June 2018): PFOS+PFOA= 30 ppt

Tucson Water south-side treatment plant (Feb 2018): PFOS+PFOA=41 ppt
3rd
1,4 dioxane also widespread2016Firefighting foam used at Basehttps://azbigmedia.com/3-arizona-military-bases-now-tested-water-contamination/Tucson Water officials shut off 2 wells just north of D-M AFB when PFOS+PFOA were detected above the EPA limit in 2016 and 2017. City officials also shut down 6 city wells near the Santa Cruz River in 2016 that detected PFOS and PFOA: 4 of the wells had levels above 70 ppt, the other two were at or below that. Tucson Water samples taken in February 2018 found PFOS/PFOA in 8 south-side wells above and below the EPA advisory level. Those wells aren’t used for drinking, according to Tucson Water. Their water is taken to a south-side treatment plant, whose February 2018, post-treatment sample showed the compounds at 41 parts per trillion.2016Davis-Monthan AFB has not officially taken responsibility for the Tucson Water municipal well contamination, but the site investigation is expected to do so eventually.No dataNo datahttps://tucson.com/news/local/tucson-wells-near-d-m-base-found-tainted-with-toxic/article_980f30ad-b204-5469-9725-bdc65d898bcf.htmlhttps://tucson.com/news/local/davis-monthan-afb-says-it-let-some-toxic-compounds-wash/article_e44cc211-edaa-5ef7-b8e5-ff55d714f9a5.htmlhttps://www.tucsonweekly.com/TheRange/archives/2018/08/09/third-contaminated-well-near-d-m-shut-downhttps://tucson.com/news/local/tucson-threatens-to-sue-m-other-manufacturers-over-contaminated-wells/article_dae15cc7-14db-511f-9795-eecfb3098627.htmlhttps://tucson.com/news/local/tucson-water-mistakenly-sent-contaminated-water-to-thousands-of-residents/article_a62a8e5e-39f6-5766-8416-e99b6018e53e.htmlhttps://www.kgun9.com/news/local-news/tucson-water-reacts-to-concern-about-chemicals-in-water?autoplay=truehttps://tucson.com/news/local/scientists-agencies-deeply-split-over-how-much-pfas-in-drinking/article_d064395e-0a2b-5990-b7d4-c6b23a72cfbb.htmlhttps://tucson.com/news/local/levels-of-pfas-chemicals-in-samples-of-tucson-water-show/article_90e584c0-9607-5e2c-84d3-3512b82af015.html
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Pima CountyArizonaPima County, ArizonaUnknown0Town of Marana municipal wells: PFOS+PFOA= ND-109 ppt
1,4 dioxane detected above EPA advisory
2016Unknown, likely Davis-Monthan AFBhttps://tucson.com/news/local/chemicals-in-drinking-water-worry-residents-in-marana/article_e89927fb-1b99-5a6a-9a87-02df64d36da0.html“The polluted wells are centered in two areas of Marana and serve nearly 2,800 customers, mostly homes, out of the town water utility’s 7,715 customers. Those customers don’t include residents of Marana’s huge Continental Ranch development, which Tucson Water serves and is unaffected by this pollution. One affected well system serves Saguaro Bloom, a burgeoning subdivision lying in the Twin Peaks area near Interstate 10, and also the Happy Acres, Milligan’s Acres and La Puerta subdivisions. The other serves the major Continental Reserve subdivision lying west of Silverbell Road stretching from the Twin Peaks area south to south of Ina Road, and also serves the Ironwood Reserve and Sunset Ranch projects.” (Davis, Arizona Daily Star) 2016Marana Water released a detailed study recommending several treatment methods for the Continental Reserve and Saguaro Bloom wells, costing about $15 million to build and operate plants over 20 years. But before moving to get the money, officials want the EPA to give more direction on how to thoroughly treat the water. The EPA plans to release criteria for removing PFASs from groundwater and soil in fall of 2018… To make treatment more cost-effective, the town wants to build the treatment systems for both PFAS and 1,4-dioxane at once. The utility will seek reimbursement for the system when the responsible party is determined. The Arizona DEQ has been investigating to try and find the pollution source. No dataNo datahttp://www.maranaaz.gov/water/pfas
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Marine Corps Air Station YumaArizonaYuma, ArizonaMilitary - Naval Base (Marine Corps)0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 75-185 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Marine Corps Air Station Yumahttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf8 out of 29 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Investigation initiated. The CERCLA process will continueNo data
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NAWS China LakeCaliforniaKern County, San Bernardino County & Inyo County, CaliforniaMilitary-Naval Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 3,800-8,000,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at NAWS China Lakehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf7 of 11 on-base monitoring well tests showed detections above the LHA2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Investigation initiated. The CERCLA process will continueNo dataNo data
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Fort Hunter LiggettCaliforniaMonterey County, CaliforniaMilitary - Army0PFOS = 120 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Fort Hunter Liggetthttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfOne well exceeded the LHA for PFOS and was taken offline. Garrison anticipates having enough volume with 3 operational wells & presumes no need to move forward with additional mitigation and/or granular activated carbon treatment for drinking water.2018Consumer notification conducted 02 Mar 17. Implemented recurring sampling/analysis. Preliminary Assesment and Site Inspection anticipated in the first quarter of 2018.No dataNo data
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Fort OrdCaliforniaMonterey Bay, CaliforniaMilitary - Army0Combined PFOS/PFOA = 120-334 pptN/A2017Firefghting foam used at Fort Ordhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfPFOS/PFOA was sampled at OU1 monitoring wells, 2 out of 8 wells above the LHA.2018Regulators closed OU-1, approved demolition of OU1 remaining wells and the Northwest Treatment System; no futher action on PFAS bc groundwater has existing restrictions and is not migrating off post. Draft OU1 Closeout Report currently under review No dataNo data
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Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton (South)CaliforniaSan Diego County, CaliforniaMilitary - Naval Base (Marine Corps)0Combined PFOS/PFOA = 77 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton (South)https://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfOne sample exceeded the PFOS/PFOA combined Health Advisories Level.2018Affected reservoir was drained and replaced with water from other source. Resampling confirmed levels below LHA in the current water supply & levels slightly above LHA in the well taken out of service. Installation will continue to monitor the system. No dataNo data
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Marine Corps Logistics Base BarstowCaliforniaSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaMilitary - Naval Base (Marine Corps)0(off-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 103 ppt
(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 80-138 ppt
N/A2017Firefighting foam used on Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstowhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfOn Base: [16 out of 37 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA]
Off-Base: [1 out of 2 private wells sampled near the site detected above the LHA]
2018On Base: [Preliminary Assessment/ Site Investigation initiated. CERCLA process will continue] Off-Base: [Exposure has been addressed. Bottled water provided to a resident at a rental property until renter moved out. Monitoring will continue] No dataNo data
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Naval Station Treasure IslandCaliforniaTreasure Island, CaliforniaMilitary-Naval Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 160-10,750 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Naval Station Treasure Islandhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfAll 3 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA2018Sampling and notification performed. The CERCLA process will continue (Evaluate in Five Year Review)No dataNo data
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Naval Weapons Station Seal Beach - NOSC Moreno
California
Moreno Valley, March AFB, California
Military-Naval Base0Combined PFOS/PFOA = 125-135 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Naval Weapons Station Seal Beach - NOSC Morenohttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfNo data2018Navy confirmed that the Eastern Municipal Water District has taken the impacted well off line and NOSC Moreno is not being impacted. They are working with March Air Reserve Base to determine clean-up requirements.No dataNo data
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NSA Montery - Naval Radio Transmitter Facility DixonCaliforniaDixon, CaliforniaMilitary-Naval Base0Combined PFOS/PFOA = 260 pptN/A2017Unknown source from NSA Montery - Naval Radio Transmitter Facility Dixonhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfNearby county property tested their wells which are in a deeper aquifer and had no detections of PFOS/PFOA. No known source of contaminants on Navy property, state has been advised and is looking for potential sources.
2018Navy is providing alternative drinking water. System was retested and regional water quality board was notified. Navy will continue to track issues as the state investigates the source and continue to provide alternate water to the installation.No dataNo data
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NAS AlamedaCaliforniaAlameda, CaliforniaMilitary-Naval Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 112-336,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used NAS Alamedahttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf16 of 30 on-base monitoring wells detected above the LHA2018Sampling undergone and results reported to property owner/regulatory stakeholdersNo dataNo data
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NCBC Port HuenemeCaliforniaPort Hueneme, CaliforniaMilitary-Naval Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 51,000=1,080,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at NCBC Port Huenemehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfAll 4 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Investigation initiated. The CERCLA process will continueNo dataNo data
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El Toro Marine Corps Air StationCaliforniaOrange County, CaliforniaMilitary - Naval Base (Marine Corps)0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 78-3,826 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at El Toro Marine Corps Air Stationhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf6 out of 18 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA2018Sampling performed; will notify property owner/reglatory stakeholders of sampling results in 2018No dataNo data
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Marine Corps Air Station TustinCaliforniaTustin, CaliforniaMilitary - Naval Base (Marine Corps)0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 423-770,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Marine Corps Air Station Tustinhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfAll 3 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA2018Sampling performed; will notify property owner/reglatory stakeholders of sampling results in 2018No dataNo data
27
Twentynine Palms Strategic Expeditionary Landing FieldCaliforniaTwentynine Palms, San Bernardino County, CaliforniaMilitary0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 318-440 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used oat Twentynine Palms Strategic Expeditionary Landing Fieldhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf2 out of 5 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Investigation initiated. The CERCLA process will continueNo dataNo data
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Former March AFBCaliforniaRiverside County, CaliforniaMilitary - Air Force Base0(off-base drinking water) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 70-168 ppt;
(off-base groundwater) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 553-3,195 ppt;
(on-base groundwater) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 76-9,666 ppt;
N/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former March Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfOff-Base Drinking water: [2/4 private drinking water wells, 1/4 public drinking water wells exceeded LHA];
Off-Base Groundwater: [All off-base gw monitoring samples exceeded LHA];
On-Base Groundwater: [All on-base gw monitoring samples exceeded LHA]
2018Off-Base: [Supplied 2 homes bottled water while connecting to municipal water. Public well shut off, AF reimbursing for replacement water];
On/Off-Base gw: [Finished PA & SI at the Fire Training Area. Initiated SI of other AFFF areas identified in PA]
No dataNo data
29
Former Mather AFBCaliforniaSacramento County, CaliforniaMilitary - Air Force Base0(off-base drinking water) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 193 ppt;
(off-base groundwater) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 79-672 ppt;
(on-base groundwater) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 73-16,800 ppt
N/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former Mather Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfOff-Base Drinking water: [1/2 public drinking water well samples exceeded the LHA];
Off-Base Groundwater: [10/11 off-base groundwater monitoring samples exceeded LHA];
On-Base Groundwater: [9/10 on-base groundwater monitoring samples exceeded LHA]
2018On/Off-Base GW: [Completed PA and SI at the Fire Training Areas. Initiated SIs of other AFFF areas identified in PA. Installed GAC filter to existing fire training area treatment system to mitigate PFOS/PFOA discharges. See link for more info]No dataNo data
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Beale AFBCaliforniaYuba County, CaliforniaMilitary - Air Force Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 80-200,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Beale Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf3 out of 4 on-base monitoring wells exceeded the LHA2018Completed the base-wide Preliminary Assessment and received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated a base-wide Site Inspection for PFOS and PFOA. Will continue following the CERCLA process through investigation, cleanup, and long-term monitoring. Will perform mitigation activities when impacts to human health are determined. No dataNo data
31
Travis AFBCaliforniaSolano County, CaliforniaMilitary - Air Force Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 89-40,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used Travis Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfAll 12 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed the base-wide Preliminary Assessment and received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated a base-wide Site Inspection for PFOS and PFOA. Will continue following the CERCLA process through investigation, cleanup, and long-term monitoring. Will perform mitigation activities when impacts to human health are determined. No dataNo data
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Former Castle AFBCaliforniaMerced County, CaliforniaMilitary - Former Air Force Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 281-2,502 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former Castle Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf3 out of 7 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed basewide Preliminary Assessment and completed the site inspection at the Fire Training Area. Received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated Site Inspections of other AFFF areas identified in Preliminary Assessment. Plans to complete Site Inspection including determination whether drinking water supplies are impacted. Will follow the CERCLA process for future investigative and cleanup activities. No dataNo data
33
Former George AFBCaliforniaVictorville, CaliforniaMilitary - Former Air Force Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 87-5,396 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former George Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf14 out of 22 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed basewide Preliminary Assessment and completed the site inspection at the Fire Training Area. Received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated Site Inspections of other AFFF areas identified in Preliminary Assessment. Plans to complete Site Inspection including determination whether drinking water supplies are impacted. Will follow the CERCLA process for future investigative and cleanup activities. No dataNo data
34
Former McClellan AFBCaliforniaSacramento County, CaliforniaMilitary - Former Air Force Base0(on-base groundwater) PFOS+PFOA = 90-348 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former McClellan Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf8 out of 17 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed basewide Preliminary Assessment and completed the site inspection at the Fire Training Area. Received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated Site Inspections of other AFFF areas identified in Preliminary Assessment. Plans to complete Site Inspection including determination whether drinking water supplies are impacted. Will follow the CERCLA process for future investigative and cleanup activities. No dataNo data
35
RosemontCaliforniaRosemont, CaliforniaMilitary - Air Force Base0PFOA (31 ppt), PFOS (160 ppt)PFHxS: 90 ppt2015Firefighting foam used at Mather Air Force Base http://www.nbcbayarea.com/investigations/Toxic-Chemical-Linked-to-Firefighting-Foam-Found-in-Bay-Area-Water-379894891.htmlContamination in CA American Water Co. - Suburban Rosemont district. Cause of elevated PFAS levels according to publication from the water company is "discharge from industrial uses". Contamination is in close proximity to the former Mather Air Force Base2015Public notice of intent to list PFOA/PFOS as a known reproductive toxin filed in September 2016. Final listing as a reproductive toxicant is expected at a later date.No DataNo datahttp://www.amwater.com/ccr/suburbanrosemont.pdf https://pfasproject.com/rosemont-california/https://chemicalwatch.com/69909/san-francisco-bans-single-use-food-service-ware-containing-pfas
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San Luis Obispo CountyCaliforniaSan Luis, Obispo County, CaliforniaCivilian Airport0PFOA, PFOSN/A2013-2015Firefighting foam used at SLO Regional Airport http://www.newtimesslo.com/cover/13316/hard-to-swallow-whats-in-slo-countys-water/No data2013Public notice of intent to list perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) as a known reproductive toxin filed in September 2016. Final listing as a reproductive toxicant is expected at a later date.No DataEPA stated 99% of samples from SLO below EPA's PHA level, one Atascadero well equal to EPA PHA (PFOA), unknown for private wells. However, the EPA's PHA level was lowered in 2016 so it is unknown how many wells are affected under these new standards.https://www.ocwd.com/media/4376/pfoa-pfos-fact-sheet_v41-4pg.pdf https://pfasproject.com/san-luis-obispo-county-california/http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/gama/docs/pfoa.pdf
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Peterson AFB / Colorado Springs Municipal Airport
Colorado(Widefield, Security, Fountain) El Paso County, ColoradoMilitary - Air Force Base; Civilian Airport1 {Airport -- PFOA: 200 ppt, PFOS: 1600 ppt}; {Widefield Auquifer Region -- PFOA: <20- 94 ppt, PFOS: <10- 1300 ppt){Airport -- PFBS: 240 ppt, PFHxS: 970 ppt, PFNA: 25 ppt, PFHpA: 200 ppt}; {Widefield Aquifer region -- PFBS: max of 260 ppt, PFHxS: max of 670 ppt, PFNA: max of 20 ppt, PFHpA: max of 70 ppt} 2015Firefighting foam used at Peterson Air Force Base and Colorado Springs Airport http://krcc.org/post/closer-look-pfc-contamination-southern-el-paso-county The state last conducted drinking water tests in Nov. 2016 and groundwater tests in Feb. 2017 - as of July 2017, CDPHE says they do not have funding to pay for additional testing.2015EPA discovered 94 public water systems w/ PFAs, including El Paso. Air Force providing $4.3 mil to set up temporary water treatment system: most to be spent on bottled water/filters, while about $1.7m will go to utilities companiesClass action suits filed against six companies, including 3M, that made fire fighting foams used at Peterson Air Force base.Widefield plans to construct a new water treatment plant. Security must also build a new plant and is paying a premium to Colorado Springs Utilities for uncontaminated water. In April 2018, the Air Force agreed to pay about $1 million "to procure untainted water and filter water from the aquifer to remove perfluorinated compounds that studies have found were released at Peterson Air Force Base when airmen used the foam...the Air Force also promised to ensure filter systems installed in Fountain are working properly and agreed to buy 235 million gallons of drinking water from other sources, so the town won't have to rely on the tainted aquifer." (Roeder, 2018)https://pfasproject.com/el-paso-county-colorado/ http://www.elpasocountyhealth.org/services/perfluorinated-compounds-pfcs-fountain-widefield-securityhttp://www.cnic.navy.mil/regions/cnrma/installations/nws_earle/om/environmental_support/nws_earle_msc_ffs_drinking_water.htmlhttps://www.colorado.gov/pacific/sites/default/files/WQ_PFC_Environmental-data-table.pdfhttps://www.colorado.gov/pacific/sites/default/files/WQ_PFCs_Data_Map.pdfhttp://www.denverpost.com/2016/06/15/colorado-widefield-fountain-security-water-chemicals-toxic-epa/https://www.csindy.com/TheWire/archives/2018/05/25/clean-water-coalition-left-out-of-pfc-summit-hits-back-at-epahttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfhttps://www.denverpost.com/2018/06/22/response-to-pfas-contamination-is-coordinated-and-effective/https://gazette.com/military/bill-to-reimburse-utilities-for-toxic-water-clears-senate-hurdle/article_604aa854-a7d0-11e8-8b59-1bba5db028a2.html
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Sugarloaf Fire DepartmentColoradoSugarloaf, ColoradoLocal Fire Department0Station 1 Well: [PFOA = 79 ppt; PFOS = 950 ppt], Station 2 Well: [above 70 ppt, numbers unavailable]N/A2018Firefighting foam used at Sugarloaf Fire Departmenthttp://www.slfpd.org/water4 out of 10 private residential wells tested near Station 1 detected some PFAS at various levels, and 2 private wells near STation 2 detected PFAS below 70 ppt2018Fire district board members will join representatives from EPA, Boulder County Health Dept, and Colorado Dept. of Health & Environment in a community meeting to brief residents on the status of contamination. Boulder County Health Dept. paid for testing of 12 wells near the two fire stations. "The water quality control division of (the department) has allocated funds that we will be distributing to Boulder County Public Health and then we will work with both the Fire District and Boulder County Public Health and our Region 8 EPA office to determine the best path forward in determining where and when we should best sample," said Dr. Kristy Richardson, environmental toxicologist for the Colorado Dept of Public Health & EnvironmentNo dataNo datahttp://www.dailycamera.com/boulder-county-news/ci_31948205/sugarloaf-residents-water-contaminationhttp://www.dailycamera.com/boulder-county-news/ci_31958356/water-well-testing-contamination-sugarloaf-pfc
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South Adams County Water and Sanitation DistrictColoradoDenver, ColoradoUnknown0SACWSD municipal wells: total PFAS = 24-2,280 ppt
SACWSD finished drinking water: total PFAS = 27 ppt
N/A2018Unknownhttps://www.denverpost.com/2018/07/12/north-metro-denver-contaminated-groundwater/12 municipal wells along Quebec Parkway near Interstate 270 tested positive for PFAS. The wells feed up to 2,000 gallons a minute into district supplies for 50,000 residents across 65 square miles2018"EPA and CDPHE officials have told county officials they will help try to find the source of the contamination. That area includes numerous industrial and toxic cleanup sites regulated by state and federal agencies.
South Adams officials said they have begun purchasing Denver Water supplies, to be delivered through existing pipelines, and blending this into their municipal well water in order to reduce the PFCs concentration.
Tri-County health department officials who cover Adams, Arapahoe and Douglas counties planned to help identify more municipal and private wells that may be drawing groundwater contaminated with PFCs." (Finley, Denver Post)
No dataNo datahttps://www.denverpost.com/2018/08/02/epa-colorado-groundwater-limits-nonstick-pfcs-water/
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WilmingtonDelawareWilmington, Delaware (DuPont corporate HQ)Military - Air Force Base; Civilian Airport; Industry/Manufacturing1PFOA:(Newcastle: 94-440 ppt; Dover: 20,000 ppt; Artesian water company: 140 ppt), PFOS: (Newcastle: 820-2,300 ppt; Dover: 270,000 ppt; Artesian water company: 930 ppt)N/A2016DuPont Corporate HQ in the area, turning into Chemours. Dover Air Force base, New Castle County airport's use of firefighting foams.http://www.phillyvoice.com/new-york-times-dupont-hid-decades-chemical-pollution/No data2016No DataPart of Rob Bilott's class action suit, levels higher than some locations in Bilott's suit.No datahttps://pfasproject.com/wilmington-dupont-corporate-hq-delaware/ http://keepyourpromisesdupont.com/ http://www.artesianwater.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/06-12-2014-PFOS-DRINKING-WATER-NOTICE-6-12-14-DPH-clean-final1.pdf
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New Castle Air National Guard BaseDelawareNew Castle, DelawareMilitary - Air National Guard Base; Civilian Airport1PFOA (440 ppt), PFOS (2,300 ppt; 7,900 ppt at Air National Guard Base)N/A2016Firefighting foam used at New Castle ANGB and New Castle County Airport http://www.delawareonline.com/story/money/2016/04/01/delaware-c8-contamination-blamed-firefighting-foam/81538418/No data2016City officials installed a carbon granulated water filtration system. While the wells were shut down, the city bought water from Artesian Water Supply. The filter and water purchases have cost the city of New Castle $1.2 million.Part of Rob Bilott's class action suit, levels higher than some locations in Bilott's suit.No datahttps://pfasproject.com/dover-delaware/ http://www.sebac.org/Acquisition%20StrategyUpdates/October%202016/AFCECPFCMedinaTermaath.pdf
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Dover Air Force BaseDelawareDover, DelawareMilitary - Air Force Base1(off-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 91 ppt

(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 77-2,800,000 ppt

(on-base) PFOA (20,000 ppt), PFOS (270,000 ppt)
N/A2016Firefighting foam used at Dover Air Force Basehttp://www.delawareonline.com/story/money/2016/04/01/delaware-c8-contamination-blamed-firefighting-foam/81538418/Groundwater at the Dover Air Force Base is contaminated with per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), one off-base drinking water contamination has been found. The Department of Defense sampled onsite and most off-site wells, and asked EPA to test one off-site well. PFAS in the groundwater are likely a result of past use of aqueous film-forming firefighting foams (AFFF) in the area.2016Off-Base: [Installed whole-house GAC filtration system at the one residence with a private well exceedance]
On-Base: [Completed Preliminary Assessment. Started Site Inspection. Will continue CERCLA process for investigation, cleanup, monitoring.]
Part of Rob Bilott's class action suit, levels higher than some locations in Bilott's suit.Off-Base Drinking Water: [1 out of 19 private drinking water wells detected above the LHA]

On-Base Groundwater: [36 out of 67 on-base monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA]
https://pfasproject.com/new-castle-delaware/https://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfhttp://www.delawarepublic.org/post/chemical-contamination-dover-base-254000-times-higher-proposed-federal-limit-study-says
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BladesDelawareBlades, DelawareUnknown0Initial Combined PFOA/PFOS: (96.2 ppt-187.1 ppt); after carbon filter installation PFOA/PFOS: (3.4 ppt)N/A2018Still unknownhttps://blades.delaware.gov/files/2018/02/Town-of-Blades-drinking-water-factsheet-2.pdfNo data2018The DNREC, DPH, and Delaware National Guard providing bottled water to affected residents. DNREC is working to obtain temporary carbon treatment system to remove PFCs and ensure Blades drinking water is below the human health advisory level. No dataProcino Plating has been cited several times for violations of hazardous waste management and was subject of a fed. criminal investigation in 2010; sentenced to five years’ probation for violating the Clean Water Act.
https://delawarestatenews.net/news/national-guard-helping-chemicals-found-towns-wells/http://www.wboc.com/story/37617435/two-more-private-wells-tested-excess-levels-of-pfc-compoundshttp://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/Admin/Documents/Town-of-Blades-drinking-water-factsheet.pdfhttps://pfasproject.com/blades-delaware/
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Pensacola, Escambia CountyFloridaPensacola, Escambia County, FloridaIndustry / Manufacturing; Military-Naval Base1July 2016, ECUA Spanish Trail Well: PFOA (19 ppt), PFOS (40 ppt); Combined PFAS (120 ppt)N/A2006ECUA Wells contaminated by PFAS from 3M's firefighting foam used at NAS Pensacola, and by waste disposal/manufacturing emissions at Solutia Chemical company's Pensacola plant.http://www.panhandlepolitico.com/escambia-news/clean-water-network-asks-epa-to-test-ecua-wells/As part of UCMR3 testing, ECUA's 26 active water system wells were tested, and 3 showed detectable levels. Two of the affected wells were taken out of service, and the Spanish Trail Well received a granular activated carbon treatment system2016As part of UCMR3 testing, ECUA's 26 active water system wells were tested, and 3 showed detectable levels. Two of the affected wells were taken out of service, and the Spanish Trail Well received a granular activated carbon treatment system. In May 2016, the executive director of the Clean Water Network of Florida, Linda Young, sent a letter to the EPA asking for additional testing of ECUA wellsIn 2009, ECUA sued 3M, DuPont, and Solutia, "alleging that 3M’s aqueous film-forming foam, a firefighting product supplied to the Navy base in Pensacola, failed to adequately warn users about the dangers of the chemicals, leading to contamination of the aquifer.
Solutia allegedly used 3M’s chemicals in the manufacture of PFOA- or PFOS-laden nonstick products at a facility in Pensacola, and contributed to the well water pollution by injecting its wastewater into the ground.
Ascend Performance Materials LLC acquired the nylon manufacturing plant from Solutia in 2009, according to a spokeswoman for Solutia.
The suit also targeted DuPont for the Teflon and other nonstick products containing high levels of PFOA that were tested at the Solutia facility, according to the order." (Law 360). The Court found that contamination didn’t exceed max level & that ECUA failed to show it suffered injury as a result of the chemicals in its water supply.
First discovered in 2006. ECUA lost a lawsuit in 2010 and the issue was forgotten until about 2015-2016, when UCMR3 testing revealed levels near and above the EPA's health advisoryhttp://inweekly.net/wordpress/?p=32259https://www.cnic.navy.mil/content/dam/cnic/cnrse/images/NAS%20PENSACOLA/NAS_Saufley_Field_CCR_2016.pdfhttps://www.cityofpensacola.com/AgendaCenter/ViewFile/Agenda/08042016-1278https://www.law360.com/articles/197740/3m-dupont-solutia-sink-water-contamination-suithttps://www.pnj.com/story/news/2018/06/26/ecua-sues-over-contaminated-water-wells/731268002/
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Naval Air Station Pensacola (OLF Bronson & OLF Saufley FieldFloridaPensacola/Warrington, Escambia County, FloridaMilitary-Naval Base1Pensacola - (on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 84-126,300 ppt

OLF Bronson - (on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 72-1,145 ppt

OLF Saufley - (on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 250-79,000 ppt
N/A2017Firefighting foam used at NAS Pensacolahttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfPensacola: All 9 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA

OLF Bronson: 3 out of 23 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA

OLF Saufley: 13 out of 14 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA
2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Investigation initiated. The CERCLA process will continueIn 2009, ECUA sued 3M, DuPont, and Solutia, "alleging that 3M’s aqueous film-forming foam, a firefighting product supplied to the Navy base in Pensacola, failed to adequately warn users about the dangers of the chemicals, leading to contamination of the aquifer.
Solutia allegedly used 3M’s chemicals in the manufacture of PFOA- or PFOS-laden nonstick products at a facility in Pensacola, and contributed to the well water pollution by injecting its wastewater into the ground.
Ascend Performance Materials LLC acquired the nylon manufacturing plant from Solutia in 2009, according to a spokeswoman for Solutia.
The suit also targeted DuPont for the Teflon and other nonstick products containing high levels of PFOA that were tested at the Solutia facility, according to the order." (Law 360). The Court found that contamination didn’t exceed max level & that ECUA failed to show it suffered injury as a result of the chemicals in its water supply.
No datahttp://inweekly.net/wordpress/?p=32259https://www.cnic.navy.mil/content/dam/cnic/cnrse/images/NAS%20PENSACOLA/NAS_Saufley_Field_CCR_2016.pdfhttps://www.cityofpensacola.com/AgendaCenter/ViewFile/Agenda/08042016-1278https://www.law360.com/articles/197740/3m-dupont-solutia-sink-water-contamination-suit
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StuartFloridaStuart, FloridaUnknown0PFOS (180 ppt in 2014; 43 ppt as of May 2017)N/A2016Unknownhttps://www.tcpalm.com/story/news/2017/06/09/epa-found-pfos-and-pfoa-stuart-drinking-water/380188001/first tested positive for PFOS/PFOA in 2014 and 2015, but didn't exceed EPA limit until change in 2016.2016City replaced three contaminated wells near the water treatment plant on Southeast Palm Beach Rd. City's 2017-2018 budget allocates $600,000 for additional water treatment to remove chemicalsNo dataNo datahttps://www.tcpalm.com/story/news/local/2017/06/23/stuart-hire-law-firms-find-sue-source-water-contamination/416326001/
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Cape Canaveral Air Force StationFloridaCape Canaveral, FloridaMilitary - Air Force Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 74-53,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Cape Canaveral Air Force Stationhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf8 out of 11 on-base monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed the base-wide Preliminary Assessment and received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated a base-wide Site Inspection for PFOS and PFOA. Will continue following the CERCLA process through investigation, cleanup, and long-term monitoring. Will perform mitigation activities when impacts to human health are determined. No dataNo data
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Eglin AFBFloridaOkaloosa County, FloridaMilitary - Air Force Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 4,300-280,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Eglin Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfAll 6 on-base monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed the base-wide Preliminary Assessment and received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated a base-wide Site Inspection for PFOS and PFOA. Will continue following the CERCLA process through investigation, cleanup, and long-term monitoring. Will perform mitigation activities when impacts to human health are determined. No dataNo datahttp://www.nwfdailynews.com/news/20180503/officials-eglin-groundwater-contamination-no-threat-to-drinking-water
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Patrick AFBFloridaBrevard County, FloridaMilitary - Air Force Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 71-4,300,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Patrick Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfAll 28 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed the base-wide Preliminary Assessment and received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated a base-wide Site Inspection for PFOS and PFOA. Will continue following the CERCLA process through investigation, cleanup, and long-term monitoring. Will perform mitigation activities when impacts to human health are determined. No dataNo datahttp://www.brevardtimes.com/2018/06/cancer-causing-chemicals-detected-in-goundwater-at-patrick-air-force-base/https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2018/06/14/florida-health-agency-collecting-data-on-patrick-air-force-base-cancers/http://abc7.com/florida-community-raises-alarms-about-potential-cancer-link-to-water-contamination/3702323/http://www.patrick.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/1571743/45-swcc-response-to-pfos-pfoa-at-pafb-and-ccafs/http://spacecoastdaily.com/2018/08/watch-barrier-island-groundwater-test-results-to-be-presented-at-community-meeting-sunday-at-2-p-m/http://www.brevardtimes.com/2018/08/brevard-public-schools-to-continue-using-contaminated-water-for-irrigation-at-schools/
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Kennedy Space CenterFloridaMerritt Island, Brevard County, FloridaNASA0NASA has identified one groundwater site at Kennedy Space Center with PFOA/PFOS that exceed 70 ppt. N/A2018Firefighting foam used at Kennedy Space Centerhttps://www.floridatoday.com/story/news/local/environment/2018/08/25/nasa-cancer-alligators-dolphins-kennedy-space-center/1088484002/One groundwater site on-base exceeds 70 ppt for PFOA/PFOS2018Confirmation sampling is expected to begin in FY2019. No dataA 2017 paper in the journal Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry found PFASs in the blood of alligators caught between 2012 and 2015 at the space center KSC at the highest levels ever measured in the species. A separate study, published in Chemosphere, found alligators with some of the highest plasma flourinated compounds caught next to the Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) fire house, and the Neil Armstrong Operations and Checkout (O&C) retention pond.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5494598/https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5548459/
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Satellite BeachFloridaSatellite Beach, FloridaMilitary - Air Force Base0Monitoring well near City Hall: PFOA+PFOS = 41.5 ppt
Monitoring well near Satellite High School: PFOA+PFOS = 22.85 ppt
Monitoring well at South Patrick Community Park: PFOS+PFOA = 30.13 ppt
N/A2018Firefighting foam used at Patrick Air Force Basehttps://www.floridatoday.com/story/news/local/environment/2018/08/01/satellite-beach-cancer-water/877905002/The city drilled and sampled 3 groundwater monitoring wells after an oncologist who graduated from Satellite High School had raised concerns about a possible cancer cluster. The city paid about $9,000 for the well testing.2018DEP has requested Satellite Beach's sampling results and will review and share the data with the Air Force.No dataNo datahttp://spacecoastdaily.com/2018/08/watch-barrier-island-groundwater-test-results-to-be-presented-at-community-meeting-sunday-at-2-p-m/http://www.brevardtimes.com/2018/08/brevard-public-schools-to-continue-using-contaminated-water-for-irrigation-at-schools/
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Cocoa BeachFloridaCocoa Beach, FloridaMilitary - Air Force Base0- Well at golf course's northern end: PFOS+PFOA= 248.3 ppt
- Well on golf course near Banana River: PFOS+PFOA= 129.6 ppt
- Where Patrick AFB sewage flows into Cocoa Beach's sewer system: PFOS+PFOA= 430.1 ppt
- Cocoa Beach sewer plant's discharge: PFOS+PFOA= 284.4 ppt
- Point where all the sewage, including Patrick's, flows into Cocoa Beach's sewer plant: PFOS+PFOA= 177.2 ppt
N/A2018Firefighting foam used at Patrick Air Force Basehttps://www.floridatoday.com/story/news/local/environment/2018/08/02/cocoa-beach-finds-cancer-linked-chemicals-citys-golf-course/890550002/Cocoa Beach & Satellite Beach tested for PFOS+PFOA when residents raised concerns in early 2018 about a cluster of local cancer cases in among otherwise young healthy women. In late June 2018, Cocoa Beach took samples of groundwater and reclaimed water at the city golf course and nearby sewer plant.2018Representatives from Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach and Brevard County met with Patrick AFB officials to compare notes on the possible contamination source: likely the firefighting foams used for decades at the base in training drills and putting out fires.No dataIn a Sept. 12, 2018 letter to Gov. Rick Scott, Rep. Thad Altman, R-Indialantic, asked the governor to direct the state health department to investigate the occurrence of cancers in the Satellite Beach area. According to the letter, "To date, more than 400 cancer cases from the past and present have been reported from individuals who lived in the greater Satellite Beach, Cocoa Beach, and South Patrick Shores area" (source: Jim Waymer, Floriday Today)https://www.cityofcocoabeach.com/CivicAlerts.aspx?AID=46https://www.scribd.com/document/385327881/Satellite-Beach-PFOS-PFOA-Sampling-Report#from_embedhttp://spacecoastdaily.com/2018/08/watch-barrier-island-groundwater-test-results-to-be-presented-at-community-meeting-sunday-at-2-p-m/http://www.brevardtimes.com/2018/08/brevard-public-schools-to-continue-using-contaminated-water-for-irrigation-at-schools/https://www.floridatoday.com/story/news/2018/09/28/cocoa-beach-cancer-erin-brockovich/1454754002/https://www.mynews13.com/fl/orlando/news/2018/10/06/cancer-causing-chemicals-found-in-water-at-cocoa-beach-dog-park
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NAS JacksonvilleFloridaJacksonville, FloridaMilitary - Air Force Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 3,410-1,397,120 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at NAS Jacksonvillehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfAll 17 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Investigation initiated. The CERCLA process will continue. The base gets drinking water from 3 deep wells (1,000+ feet) in the Floridian Aquifer, and has a connection to Jacksonville Electric Authority to supplement the drinking water system.No dataNaval Air Station Jacksonville Statement: "You may have seen recent media reports regarding testing for perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in groundwater at DoD installations. The safety and security of our service members, families and communities remains the top priority at Naval Air Station (NAS) Jacksonville. This includes the safety of the drinking water aboard the station."https://www.firstcoastnews.com/article/news/local/consumer/on-your-side/nas-jacksonville-drinking-water-supply-safe-not-connected-to-contaminated-water-wells/77-568536495https://www.news4jax.com/weather/environment/navy-to-test-safety-of-drinking-water-in-wells-around-nas-jacksonvillehttp://news.wjct.org/post/navy-tests-cancer-linked-forever-chemicals-drinking-water-near-nas-jacksonville
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Moody AFBGeorgiaLowndes County, GeorgiaMilitary - Air Force Base(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 590-375,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Moody Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf22 out of 34 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed the base-wide Preliminary Assessment and received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated a base-wide Site Inspection for PFOS and PFOA. Will continue following the CERCLA process through investigation, cleanup, and long-term monitoring. Will perform mitigation activities when impacts to human health are determined. No dataNo data
55
Robins AFBGeorgiaHouston County, GeorgiaMilitary - Air Force Base(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 150-1,400 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Robins Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf3 out of 5 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed the base-wide Preliminary Assessment and received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated a base-wide Site Inspection for PFOS and PFOA. Will continue following the CERCLA process through investigation, cleanup, and long-term monitoring. Will perform mitigation activities when impacts to human health are determined. No dataNo data
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Mountain Home AFBIdahoElmore County, IdahoMilitary - Air Force Base(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 77-105 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used on Mountain Home Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfPFOS/PFOA LHA exceedance detected in one on-base drinking water well2018Bottled water was purchased as an interim safety measure while the contaminated wells were evaluated and a plan was developed. Bottled water is still being supplied to the Control Tower as their only source of drinking water is a contaminated well. The contaminated well (well 4) supplying our industrial side of the base was removed from service, and the system was flushed over 3 days. Additional sampling has been conducted to show that PFOS/PFOA is no longer in the distribution lines.
AFCEC and our CE personnel are developing long term plans, and will be constructing a new well. Well 4 will remain offline permanently due to PFOS/PFOA and nitrate contamination. Periodic sampling for PFOS/PFOA will continue to ensure the remaining wells are not impacted.
No dataNo datahttp://www.idahostatesman.com/latest-news/article210471064.html
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Former Chanute AFBIllinoisChampaign County, IllinoisMilitary - Former Air Force Base(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 162-2,098,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former Chanute Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf38 out of 58 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed basewide Preliminary Assessment and completed the site inspection at the Fire Training Area. Received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated Site Inspections of other AFFF areas identified in Preliminary Assessment. Upgraded existing groundwater treatment systems with granulated activated carbon to mitigate PFOS/PFOA discharges. Plans to complete Site Inspection including determination whether drinking water supplies are impacted. Will follow the CERCLA process for future investigative and cleanup activities.No dataNo data
58
Former Grissom AFBIndianaCass County & Miami County, IndianaMilitary - Former Air Force Base(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 74-132,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former Grissom Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf16 out of 18 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed basewide Preliminary Assessment and completed the site inspection at the Fire Training Area. Received regulatory concurrence on the findings. All drinking water well sampling results below the LHA. Plans to complete Site Inspection including determination whether drinking water supplies are impacted. Will follow the CERCLA process for future investigative and cleanup activities. No dataNo datahttps://www.indianaenvironmentalreporter.org/posts/report-firefighting-foam-exposed-veterans-to-hazardous-chemicals
59
Ft. LeavenworthKansasLeavenworth County, KansasMilitary - ArmyCombined PFOS/PFOA = 97-649 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Fort Leavenworthhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfAmerican Water owns this water system with the wells located on Army property. The consumer notification was conducted 06 Mar 17. 2018Two of the system wells detected above the LHA and were taken off-line. The remaining wells support the system's current water needs. Army is exploring future options, that includes finding another ground water source, adding GAC, or connecting to local municipality. A contract to study new well source was awarded in Septemer 2017. Preliminary Assessment and/or Site Inspection scheduled for first quarter of 2018No dataNo datahttp://www.ftleavenworthlamp.com/news/20180503/post-officials-say-forts-drinking-water-safehttp://www.leavenworthtimes.com/news/20180824/q5-epa-to-host-sessions-on-dangers-of-pfas
60
Former England AFBLouisianaRapides Parish, LouisianaMilitary - Former Air Force Base(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 4,351-10,970,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former England Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfAll 8 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed basewide Preliminary Assessment and completed the site inspection at the Fire Training Area. Received regulatory concurrence on the findings. Initiated Site Inspections of other AFFF areas identified in Preliminary Assessment. Plans to complete Site Inspection including determination whether drinking water supplies are impacted. Will follow the CERCLA process for future investigative and cleanup activities. No dataNo data
61
Sanford CountyMaineSanford County/York County, MaineCivilian Airport; Military-Naval Base0PFOS (290 ppt)PFHxS: 110 ppt2013-2015Unknown, but potentially from AFFF used at Sanford Seacoast Regional Airport that was previously Naval Auxiliary Air Facility SanfordNo data2013Groundwater Screening level set in 2014. Now follows EPA recommended guidelines established in 2016.No DataNo datahttps://pfasproject.com/sanfordyork-county-maine/
62
Brunswick Naval Air StationMaineBrunswick, MaineMilitary-Naval Base0PFOS (near building 653: 24,000 ppt, near eastern plume: 650 ppt); PFOA (near building #653: 630ppt, near eastern plume: 1,400-15,000 ppt)N/A2016Firefighting foam used at Air Stationhttp://www.maine.gov/dep/spills/topics/pfas/NASB_ResWell_PFC_FactSheet_April2016.pdf70 out of 139 on-base monitoring wells tested above the LHA2016Sampling has been performed and the CERCLA process will continueNo dataNo datahttps://www.pressherald.com/2017/09/16/toxin-search-expands-at-former-brunswick-base/https://www1.maine.gov/dep/ftp/Site-Info-For-Bidders/Southwest-Harbor-WAL/Summary_1601572.pdfhttps://cumulis.epa.gov/supercpad/SiteProfiles/index.cfm?fuseaction=second.topics&id=0101073https://www.pressherald.com/2016/07/10/navy-testing-private-wells-for-contaminant-near-brunswick-airbase/?rel=related
63
KennebunkMaineKennebunk, MaineSludge spread on farms0Combined PFAS (50 ppt in a residential well; 7.93 ppt in the stream; 41.07 ppt in the gravel pit pond; 690 ppt in Stoneyridge milk tank)N/A2016sludge from both the Kennebunk and Ogunquit sewer districts and fly ash and sludge from the S.D. Warren paper mill was spread as soil enhancers on Stoneyridge Farm in the mid-1980shttp://www.seacoastonline.com/news/20180201/dairy-farm-contaminated-kkwwds-kimball-lane-wellNo data2016The contaminated Kimball well was taken offline and the dairy farmer stopped selling his milk. The farmer is working with the state to get approval for re-opening his dairy farm, has installed a $20,000 carbon filter, and bought new, uncontaminated cows.No dataNo datahttp://kkw.org/2018/02/kennebunk-river-well-pfas-informationhttp://kkw.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Excerpts-from-Approved-Minutes-of-the-KKW-Board-of-Trustees_nl.pdfhttps://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20180521005092/en/https://pfasproject.com/kennebunk-maine/
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Houlton International AirportMaineHoulton, MaineCivilian Airport0Combined PFOS/PFOA: (70.6 ppt)N/A2018Firefighting foam used at Airporthttps://thecounty.me/2018/02/06/news/houlton-mobile-home-park-water-not-safe-to-drink/No data2018Residents of the Houlton Mobile Home Park are being supplied with bottled waterNo dataNo datahttps://pfasproject.com/houlton-maine/
65
Navy VLF Transmitter CutlerMaineCutler, MaineMilitary-Naval Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 161-360 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Navy VLF Transmitter Cutlerhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf4 out of 19 on-base monitoring well detections above the LHA2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Investigation initiated. The CERCLA process will continueNo dataNo data
66
Portsmouth Naval ShipyardMaineKittery, York County, MaineMilitary-Naval Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 140 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Portsmouth Naval Shipyardhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf1 out of 4 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Investigation initiated. The CERCLA process will continueNo dataNo data
67
Former Loring AFBMaineAroostook County, MaineMilitary - Former Air Force Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 84-5,861 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former Loring Air Force Basehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf29 out of 55 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples exceeded the LHA2018Completed basewide Preliminary Assessment and completed the site inspection at the Fire Training Area. Received regulatory concurrence on the findings. All drinking water well sampling results below the LHA. Plans to complete Site Inspection including determination whether drinking water supplies are impacted. Will follow the CERCLA process for future investigative and cleanup activities. No dataNo data
68
Fort MeadeMarylandFort Meade CDP, MarylandMilitary0(on-base groundwater) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 300-87,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Fort Meadehttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf6 Fort Meade drinking water supply wells showed no PFAS detections. 4 out of 4 groundwater wells on former Army Property tested above the LHA2018Provided sampling results verbally to EPA/MDE. Recommended five-year sampling in conjunction with Groundwater Operable Unit Final 5YR per Army policy for open sites. Sampling results fact sheet to be distributed to stakeholders by October 2018. No dataNo data
69
Former Fort Severn - (currently) US Naval Academy
MarylandAnnapolis, MarylandMilitary-Naval Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 70-70,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former Fort Severn - (currently) US Naval Academyhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf54 out of 68 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA2018Sampling has been performed and the CERCLA process will continueNo dataNo data
70
Naval Research Laboratory Chesapeake Bay Detachment
MarylandChesapeake Beach, MarylandMilitary-Naval Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 190-241,110 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Naval Research Laboratory Chesapeake Bay Detachmenthttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf9 of 18 groundwater samples detected above the LHA. All 9 exceedances were in shallow groundwater. No deep grondwater exceedences detected.2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Investigation initiated. The CERCLA process will continue. ASN (EI&E) directed the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) Environmental Restoration (ER) Program to conduct an off-base drinking water investigation to address this potential for exposure to PFAS in drinking water, including approximately 79 private drinking water wells which the Navy will request permission to sample. The initial focus of these off-base drinking water investigations is the area with the potential for off-base migration of PFAS in the surficial aquifer.No dataNo datahttp://www.thebaynet.com/articles/0618/navy-to-conduct-private-water-well-investigation-in-cheasapeake-beach.htmlhttps://www.navfac.navy.mil/products_and_services/ev/products_and_services/env_restoration/installation_map/navfac_atlantic/washington/nrl_cbd/nrl_cbd_pfas.html
71
White Oak - Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division Detachment
MarylandSilver Spring, MarylandMilitary-Naval Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 74-1,365 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at White Oak - Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division Detachment https://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf8 out of 16 on-base groundwater monitoring well samples detected above the LHA2018Sampling has been performed and the CERCLA process will continueNo dataNo data
72
Joint Base Cape Cod
Massachusetts
Barnstable County, MassachusettsMilitary - Air Force Base0(Johns Pond) PFOS= 99-130 ppt; PFOA= 22-29 ppt

(Ashumet Pond) PFOS= 79-200 ppt; PFOA= 23-59 ppt

(on-base groundwater) PFOS+PFOA= 71–21,800 ppt

(off-base drinking water) PFOS+PFOA= 73-488 ppt
N/A2015Firefighting foam used at Joint Air Force Base Cape Cod http://www.capecodtimes.com/news/20160520/air-force-reacts-to-contaminated-falmouth-water-wellsOff-Base Drinking Water: [2 out of 9 public water wells, and 22 out of 73 private drinking wells exceeded the LHA]

On-Base Groundwater: [13 out of 26 on-base groundwater monitoring wells exceeded the LHA]
2015Off-Base: [Sampling and analysis, retesting, two public wells taken offline; bottled water provision for 74 residences, GAC system installed at 13 residences, municipal water connections. Wellhead treatment funding anticipated 2018]; On-Base: [Completed basewide Preliminary Assessment, initiated Site Inspection. An expanded SI will be conducted for tanker truck rollover where the site has proceeded to an RI since PFOS+PFOA greater than the LHA has been detected off base in private wells]No DataMost drinking water on Cape Cod comes from a single underground aquifer in Falmouth. The geology of Cape Cod is very permiable and anything spills trickle through the sand and mingles with the ground water. Air Force ampled several public water supply wells in the Falmouth/Mashpee area one well has been shut down since Feb 2017 due to PFOS+PFOAhttps://pfasproject.com/joint-base-cape-cod-massachusetts/ http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/docs/dph/environmental/investigations/cape/jbcc-rec-wtr-fact-sheet.pdfhttp://www.capecodtimes.com/news/20180522/upper-cape-base-water-samples-show-contaminationhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfhttps://www.natlawreview.com/article/massdep-poised-to-regulate-pfas-drinking-water-and-site-cleanup-programshttp://www.capecodtimes.com/news/20180827/public-can-hear-update-on-cleanup-efforts-at-upper-cape-basehttps://www.capecodtimes.com/news/20181024/group-to-study-effects-of-contaminated-water-on-cape
73
Hyannis - Barnstable County Firefighter Training Academy
Massachusetts
Hyannis, MassachusettsFire Training Center1Combined level of PFOA and PFOS of up to 180 ppt in the Mary Dunn #3 wellN/A2016Barnstable County Firefighter Training Academy http://www.townofbarnstable.us/PublicWorks/2016-06-21%20Hyannis%20Water%20PFOS%20Update.pdfNo data2016Health advisory issued to residents in May 2016Lawsuit against Barnstable County and 3M and 5 other companies that manufactred and sold the chemicals.No datahttps://pfasproject.com/hyannis-massachusetts/ http://www.townofbarnstable.us/PublicWorks/2016-06-21%20Hyannis%20Water%20PFOS%20Update.pdf http://www.townofbarnstable.us/PublicWorks/Hyannis-Water-Advisory.pdfhttps://chemicalwatch.com/67536/massachusetts-introduces-firefighting-foam-take-back-initiativehttps://www.natlawreview.com/article/massdep-poised-to-regulate-pfas-drinking-water-and-site-cleanup-programshttps://www.capecodtimes.com/news/20181024/group-to-study-effects-of-contaminated-water-on-cape
74
Barnes Air National Guard Base (104th)
Massachusetts
Westfield, MassachusettsMilitary - Air National Guard Base12016: [PFOA = as high as 740 ppt; PFOS = 1200 ppt]
2013: [Combined PFOS/PFOA = 43-160 ppt]
PFBS: (upwards of 880 ppt); PFHxS: (upwards of 840 ppt); PFHpA: (upwards of 790 ppt); PFNA: (upwards of 640 ppt)
2013Firefighting foam used at Barnes Air National Guard Base http://www.gazettenet.com/Barnes-Aquifer-Protection-Committee-discusses-private-well-testing-in-Westfield-due-recent-findings-of-contamination-79668413 Westfield Water Dept. municipal drinking water wells exceed the LHA2013UCMR sampling indicated 2 Westfield drinking water wells were elevated in 2013, both were removed from service. The Westfield Water Dept is in the process of addressing the two DW wells with elevated levels. Health advisory issued to residents 2016In Feb. 2018, Westfield filed a federal lawsuit against 3M, Chemguard, and Tyco Fire Products, manufacturers of firefighting foam, after water wells near Westfield-Barnes Regional Airport were found to be contaminated with PFAS from the foam.Originally detected in 2013, but levels were below EPA PHA levels. With 2016 lowering of EPAs PHA levels, town send out notices and took 2 wells offlinehttps://pfasproject.com/westfield-massachusetts/ http://www.cityofwestfield.org/DocumentCenter/View/3442http://www.cityofwestfield.org/DocumentCenter/View/4754http://www.cityofwestfield.org/672/PFCs-Information-Updateshttps://www.natlawreview.com/article/massdep-poised-to-regulate-pfas-drinking-water-and-site-cleanup-programs
75
Former Fort Devens; currently Devens Reserve Forces Training Area
Massachusetts
Devens, Middlesex & Worcester Counties, MassachusettsMilitary0Combined PFOS/PFOA = 77-19,000 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Former Fort Devens; currently Devens Reserve Forces Training Areahttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf32 out of 72 off-base monitoring wells tested above the LHA2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Inspection have been completed. Results of SI sampling are being shared and coordinated with MaDEP. RI/FSs are expected to begin in FY18. No DataNo Data
76
Bedford Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant
Massachusetts
Bedford, Middlesex County, MassachusettsMilitary-Naval Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 167 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used Bedford Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Planthttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf1 out of 8 on-base monitoring wells tested above the LHA2018Preliminary Assessment and Site Investigation initiated. The CERCLA process will continueNo DataNo Datahttps://cumulis.epa.gov/supercpad/SiteProfiles/index.cfm?fuseaction=second.Cleanup&id=0102032#bkground
77
Naval Air Station South Weymouth
Massachusetts
Weymouth/Rockland/Abington, MassachusettsMilitary - Air National Guard Base0(on-base) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 71-27,800 pptN/A2017Firefighting foam used at Naval Air Station South Weymouthhttps://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdf109 out of 186 on-base monitoring well samples detected above the LHA2018Sampling to support basewide Remedial Investigation. The CERCLA process will continueNo DataNo Data
78
FlintMichiganFlint, MichiganMultiple sources: multiple auto industry facilities, fire training site 0Flint River: [PFOA =1-1,309 ppt , PFOS =229-410 ppt]

Buick City site:
- August 2018 PFOS+PFOA = 767 ppt, including 720 ppt of PFOS
- old GM wwtp on Stewart Avenue, PFOS+PFOA = 4,800 ppt.
- former pickling/enameling site south of Leith Street, PFOS+PFOA = 4,600 ppt.
- A former assembly/paint area near Hamilton, PFOS+PFOA = 4,800 ppt.
- building 44 paint shop on Hamilton, PFOS+PFOA = 15,000 ppt.
Flint River: [PFHpS (1.11 ppt); PFHpA (2.12- 3.45 ppt); PFHxS (1.87- 2.25 ppt); PFHxA (5.7- 8.43 ppt); PFNA (870- 2,430 ppt); and others] 2015In April 2018, groundwater sampling at GM's former Buick City factory showed elevated PFAS levels in nearby groundwater, and the site is currently being investigated as a potential source of PFASs in the Flint River. There is also a potential fire training site in the area where AFFF was used.https://theintercept.com/2016/02/17/flint-residents-may-have-been-drinking-pfcs-in-addition-to-lead/PFAS detected at 2 sampled locations. DEQ plan more sampling to determine if contamination is moving offsite. Properties to the south and west use municipal water.2015"Although PFAS in the Flint River was documented by the state prior to the ill-fated switch to the river as Flint's drinking water source in 2014, former city officials say they were never informed about the contamination during source change discussions" (MLive/Garret Ellison). No dataNo Data"In June 2017, Gilkey creek, feeds the Flint River, detected PFOS at 920 ppt. According to DEQ, potential sources include a nearby industrial site where PFAS-laden AFFF was used to put out a fire, a former chrome plating facility, and a nearby former General Motors property used for industrial waste dumping in the 1970s." (MLive)
The Buick City site “was an automotive manufacturing facility formerly held by General Motors Corporation prior to declaring Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2011. The RACER Trust currently owns about 364 acres in this location; two parcels totaling approximately 49 acres were sold and redeveloped for new manufacturing operations.” (Michigan.gov)
RACER installed a water treatment system in late October 2018
https://pfasproject.com/flint-michigan/ http://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdch/MDCH_GL-00E01122-0_Final_Report_493494_7.pdfhttp://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdch/MDCH_GL-00E01122-0_Final_Report_493494_7.pdfhttps://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2018/06/state_sampling_several_sites_i.htmlhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2018/08/state_health_official.htmlhttp://www.michiganradio.org/post/state-sen-asks-why-concerns-about-pfas-river-contamination-never-made-it-flint-officialshttps://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2018/08/state_deq_says_theres_no_evide.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2018/08/michigan_deq_pfas_in_flint_riv.htmlhttp://www.michiganradio.org/post/mdeq-alerting-public-pfas-tests-during-flint-crisis-would-have-been-irrelevant-irresponsiblehttps://www.mlive.com/expo/news/erry-2018/07/00699c24a57658/michigan_pfas_sites.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/10/pfas_found_at_2nd_closed_gener.htmlhttps://www.michigan.gov/pfasresponse/0,9038,7-365-86511_82704-477319--,00.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/10/more_pfas_contamination_found.htmlhttps://www.eastvillagemagazine.org/2018/11/06/racer-trust-sets-two-public-meetings-on-buick-city-pfas-contamination-other-environmental-issues/
79
Former Wurtsmith Air Force BaseMichiganOscoda Township, MichiganMilitary - Former Air Force Base0(off-base) – PFOA: highest private well reading= 51 ppt; Vacation rental home well= 3,300 ppt
(off-base) PFOS: Residential well highest reading= 27.8 ppt; Vacation rental home well= 96 ppt

(on-base soil/groundwater) PFOS+PFOA = 88-1,200,000 ppt
Vacation rental home well: 12,000 ppt (PFHxS)
2010Firefighting foam used at former Wurtsmith Air Force Base (WAFB) https://www.nationofchange.org/2018/04/13/fear-and-fury-in-michigan-town-where-air-force-contaminated-water/Off-Base Drinking water: [1 out of 67 private drinking water wells exceeded the LHA]

On-Base Groundwater: [5 out of 63 on-base groundwater monitoring wells exceeded the LHA]
2010Off-Base: [Connected private well owner to public water]
On-Base Groundwater: [Completed basewide PA and SI at FT Area. Installed gw treatment system to stop discharges into Clark's Marsh. SI underway. Adding GAC to groundwater treatment systems]

In August 2018, Oscoda Area Schools received a $50,000 federal grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture to help connect the schools to an existing Au Sable Township water main.
Oscoda Area Schools (OAS) officially began receiving municipal water from the Huron Shores Regional Utility Authority (HSRUA) on Oct. 12, 2018

On Oct. 22, 2018, announced that Oscoda Township will receive $1 million in grants from the U.S. Department of Agriculture to get residents clean drinking water and help remediate contamination. The money will be used to connect homes using well water to the municipal drinking water system to protect residents from exposure. The township will receive $750,000 in Water and Waste Disposal Loans and Grants and $250,000 in Emergency Community Water Assistance Grants.
The NOW (Need Our Water) community activist group was formed in response to the discovery of toxic PFAS foam on the Van Etten Lake shoreline. Residents re-stablished a Restoration Advisory Board in 2017No DataHistory via Garret Ellison/MLive: “In 2012, the state issued a ‘do not eat’ advisory for native fish in Clark's Marsh and the Au Sable River, which are both heavily impacted. In 2015, Michigan's first activated carbon pump-and-treat system was built at fire training area. A second went online in mid-2018. In 2016, residents near the base were warned not to drink their tap water. In 2018, a ‘do not eat’ advisory was issued for deer around the base. Old hydrant water testing and historical plume modeling indicates former base families were exposed to high PFAS levels in base tap water.” The state has found plumes of at least 8 square miles by the base. As of July 2018, MLive reports that remediation costs for Wurstsmith near $300 million https://pfasproject.com/oscoda-township-michigan/ http://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdch/MDCH_GL-00E01122-0_Final_Report_493494_7.pdfhttp://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929-452165--,00.htmlhttp://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/02/wurtsmith_pfas_foam_michigan.htmlhttp://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdch/MDCH_GL-00E01122-0_Final_Report_493494_7.pdfhttps://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttp://www.iosconews.com/article_e7279fe0-6e59-11e8-a6c4-1b43ff277c70.htmlhttp://michiganradio.org/post/residents-frustrated-state-grapples-emerging-groundwater-contaminanthttp://www.iosconews.com/article_db55fffe-7e0d-11e8-aa64-eb37a4630e83.htmlhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/07/mlcv_pfas_deq_delaney_report.htmlhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709https://wwmt.com/news/state/former-msu-gymnastics-coach-charged-with-two-counts-of-lying-to-investigatorshttps://wwmt.com/news/state/former-msu-gymnastics-coach-charged-with-two-counts-of-lying-to-investigatorshttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/08/oscoda_schools_pfas.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/09/wurtsmith_veterans_pfas_report.htmlhttps://nbc25news.com/news/local/oscoda-woman-fears-sisters-health-issues-linked-to-pfashttp://www.wbkb11.com/oscoda-schools-take-precaution-against-pfas-toxins-with-new-fountainshttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/pfas-federal-facility-accountability-act-introduced/1454068865http://www.wbkb11.com/disturbing-photos-of-pfas-contamination-continue-to-surface-at-van-etten-lakehttp://www.iosconews.com/article_2019ae02-c65b-11e8-9931-b31292fdf58c.htmlhttps://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/michigan/2018/10/12/state-feds-odds-wurtsmith-pfas-contamination/1604135002/https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2018/10/15/pfas-tainted-foam-water-wurtsmith-oscoda/1592011002/http://www.iosconews.com/article_81e1b1f6-d15b-11e8-b20c-2744d2c51ea2.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/10/oscoda_pfas_deer_advisory.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/saginaw/index.ssf/2018/10/oscoda_township_receives_1_mil.htmlhttp://www.wbkb11.com/wurtsmith-hit-with-another-pfas-clean-up-violationhttps://www.wxyz.com/news/43-more-homeowners-warned-about-pfas-levelshttps://www.freep.com/story/news/politics/elections/2018/11/01/bill-schuette-pfas-pollution-wurtsmith/1827697002/
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Camp Grayling Joint Maneuver Training Center
MichiganCamp Greyling, MichiganMilitary - Army Base0Off-base: [PFOA= 97 ppt; PFOS= 250-740 ppt; Max combined PFOA/PFOS= 801 ppt]

On-base: [Combined PFOS/PFOA = 87-2,650 ppt]
Grayling city municipal wells (to east of base) tested positive for PFHxS
2016Firefighting foam used at Camp Grayling Army Airfield/Joint Maneuver Training Center http://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2017/05/deq_camp_grayling_pfos_pfoa.htmlOff-base: [4 out of 188 off-base wells tested above the LHA]

On-base: [13 out of 47 on-base wells above the LHA]
2016Residential drinking water wells were sampled downgradient of the Camp Grayling Airfield where groundwater samples indicated PFOS/PFOA above the LHA. The Michigan DHHS paid for aquasana drinking water filter systems under counter faucet and the local Health Dept. had them installed in any home with PFOS/PFOA detections. 42 systems have been installed. An additional 14, purchased by local Health Dept. were installed by home owners. The Michigan DEQ has been funded to conduct off-post residential sampling and hydrologic study. The DHHS and local Health Dept. will continue to purchase filter systems and install them as needed or requested by home owners. Michigan DEQ is continuing to expand the area of drinking water sampling to the east side of the airfield. Numbers of wells are TBD. No dataNo DataCity wells with PFHxS shut off. City set up free hookup outside of city hall for Grayling residents w/ polluted wells. MDEQ hired AECOM to conduct testing along the southern/eastern borders of Grayling Army Airfield. http://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929_83470_82704_84187---,00.htmlhttps://pfasproject.com/greyling-michigan/https://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfhttp://upnorthlive.com/news/local/grayling-residents-get-update-on-chemicals-in-waterhttps://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embed
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Algoma TownshipMichiganAlgoma Township, MichiganIndustrial sludge spread on farms as fertilizer1202 wells showed non-detect PFOA/PFOS
136 showed detection of PFOA/PFOS
56 homes over 70 ppt (PFOA/PFOS)
Highest concentration is 58,930 PPT (PFOA/PFOS)
N/A2017Tannery sludge from the Wolverine Worldwide facility in Rockford was spread on farms as crop fertilizer in what are now two residential neighborhoods in Algoma Township.http://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929_83470_82704_83030---,00.html A concerned citizens group brought the former disposal location to the DEQ’s attention on 1/24/17. The DEQ requested that Wolverine sample residential wells in response to the concerns. A positive detection of PFAS was received in May 2017. 2017Wolverine sampled residential wells, provided bottled water, removed barrels & subsurface waste, & started investigating the contamination. DEQ oversaw, investigated disposal locations, and participated in one town hall and three neighborhood meetings.
No dataAlgoma Township joined a federal lawsuit against Wolverine Worldwide over PFAS contamination in residential wells.The PFAS contamination in northern Kent County now covers an area that’s five miles long and six miles wide, impacting 800 wells in Plainfield and Algoma townships.http://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2017/12/algoma_township_pfas_results.htmlhttp://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/Email_to_DEQ_Hendershott_from_RW_Bator_Westra_dated_121317_610058_7.pdfhttp://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/toxic-tap-water/algoma-twp-joining-pfas-lawsuit-v-wolverine/1034772696http://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/05/at_invite-only_meetings_exclus.htmlhttps://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709https://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/toxic-tap-water/health-officials-release-pfas-cancer-study-tuesday/1367792014https://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/10/plainfield_pfas_filter_wolveri.html
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Wolverine Worldwide Rockford tannery dump site MichiganKent County, Belmont, Plainfield Township, and Rockford, MichiganIndustry / Manufacturing1Combined PFOS/PFOA -- House Street Area: (0-37,800 ppt); North Childsdale/10 Mile Road: (0-701 ppt); 12 Mile/White Pine Trail: (ND-49 ppt)N/A2017This area consists of a former licensed disposal facility owned and operated by Wolverine near House Street and Herrington Avenue in Plainfield Township and several unregulated dump sites across three townships in northern Kent County.http://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929_83470_82704_83030---,00.htmlNo data2017Township approved emergency $400k for PFAS water treatment. State approved $23mil to address 28 contamination sites around the state (12.11.17). MI established legally-enforceable cleanup criteria of 70 ppt for PFOS/PFOA. Effective 1.10.18.
June 29, 2018: the Michigan DHHS and Kent County Health Department issue an emergency fish consumption advisory for 3 ponds at 4300 Cannonsburg Road NE near the Boulder Creek development.
No dataNotice to sue WW sent to U.S. EPA and Michigan DEQ (10.15.17). Federal class-action suit filed by Belmont residents against Wolverine, 3M, & Waste Management (12.1.17). Federal suit filled by Michigan D.E.Q. against Wolverine Worldwide (1.10.18). The PFAS contamination in northern Kent County now covers an area that’s five miles long and six miles wide, impacting 800 wells in Plainfield and Algoma townships.http://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2017/11/varnum_wolverine_lawsuit.htmlhttp://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/05/wolverine_tannery_epa_rockford.htmlhttps://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttp://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/06/wolverine_kept_pfas_outdoors.htmlhttp://michiganradio.org/post/wolverine-wants-3m-share-liability-pfas-lawsuitshttps://www.mlive.com/news/muskegon/index.ssf/2018/07/motorcyclist_dies_in_collision.htmlhttps://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/toxic-tap-water/plainfield-twp-new-filters-clearing-out-most-pfas/1267388976https://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/07/motorcyclist_killed_passenger.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/06/pfas_boulder_creek_deq_wolveri.htmlhttp://rockfordsquire.com/2018/07/05/kchd-and-mdhhs-issue-health-advisory-regarding-pfas-foam-on-the-thornapple-river/https://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709https://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/08/3m_wolverine_pfas_lawsuits.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/08/lenderink_house_street_wolveri.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/08/kent_co_cancer_study_pfas.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/rockford/index.ssf/2018/09/plainfield_township_to_install.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/10/plainfield_pfas_filter_wolveri.html
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Alpena MichiganAlpena County, MichiganMilitary; Industry/Manufacturing0As of Oct, 2018:
51 of 115 private wells near the CRTC have detected PFOA/PFOS @ 0.51-52.1 ppt
One well near the old tannery detected PFOA/PFOS @ 1,260 ppt
N/A2017Firefighting foam used at the Alpena Combat Readiness Training Center (CRTC) and tannery waste/emissions from Alpena Hide & Leather Co.http://www.michigan.gov/deq/0,4561,7-135-3307_29693-449778--,00.html Testing around the CRTC began in November 2017. 51 of 115 private wells in the northeast Lower Peninsula community detected low to moderate PFOS/PFOA levels. The highest PFAS detected is 52-ppt. Public water offered at bulk access points.2017-MDEQ was made aware of the CRTC site when the Department of Military and Veterans Affairs notified them of an on-base groundwater detection for PFOA/PFOS. Two public meetings have been held at the Alpena CRTC. DEQ began sampling residential wells in November 2017. More private water well sampling will continue as requests within the designated sampling area are received.
-DEQ started testing around the Alpena Hide & Leather Co. (closed in 1952) site in August 2017. The state is currently excavating contaminated soils and buried leather hides at the site.
No dataNo dataDEQ started testing around the Alpena Hide & Leather Co. (closed in 1952) site in August 2017. PFAS have been detected in groundwater, soils, and in the river. Nearby homes & businesses use municipal water. http://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2017/10/alpena_crtc_pfas_plume.htmlhttps://www.dvidshub.net/news/278648/alpena-pfos-pfoa-investigation-complete-confirms-drinking-water-meets-epa-standardhttps://pfasproject.com/alpena-county-michigan/https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttp://www.thealpenanews.com/news/local-news/2018/06/agencies-beginning-next-step-with-toxins/https://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709
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Ann ArborMichiganAnn Arbor, MichiganIndustry / Manufacturing0Ann Arbor municipal water:
~(2014) PFOS+PFOA: max of 43 ppt

~(2017) PFOS+PFOA: max of 15 ppt; avg of 7.2 ppt

~(2018) PFOS+PFOA: avg of 3.2 ppt
The system has detected low levels of PFBA, PFBS, PFHpA, PFHxA, PFPeA, PFOA and PFOS.2014Huron River. Multiple contamination sourceshttp://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929_82704-452813--,00.htmlThe city draws roughly 85% of its water from the Huron River, which received a 5-county emergency "Do Not Eat" PFAS-related fish advisory in August 2018. The Ann Arbor Water Treatment Plant serves about 125,000 people in Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor Township and Scio Township. Total PFAS in the finished water reservoir in 2018 has ranged from less than 2-ppt to 29-ppt. 2014PFASs were first detected in Ann Arbor drinking water in March 2014, at 43 ppt, during UCMR3 testing. Ann Arbor didn't conduct PFAS testing again until March 2016, and began monthly testing starting in October 2016. The City has GAC filters, and has been piloting a new type of carbon in several of its filters since November 2017. The state issued a ‘Do Not Eat’ fish advisory in August 2018 that starts where Norton Creek enters the Huron River and extends to Lake Erie. The City Council voted in late September 2018 to approve a $750,000 increase to a previous $161,727 contract with Calgon Carbon Corp., and an extra $100,000 for the labor needed for installation."City leaders say the extensive media attention surrounding the issue has resulted in numerous inquiries from residents regarding measures the city is taking to address PFAS in the drinking water." ('Ann Arbor OKs new plan to reduce PFAS in city's drinking water'. MLive)No data“Total PFAS in the Wixom plant effluent tested at 10,927-ppt in June. About 65 percent of that, 7,200-ppt, is 6:2 fluorotelomer sulfonate (6:2 FTS), a breakdown product of DuPont Capstone fluorosurfactants. The chemicals are coming from at least two auto suppliers, Tribar/Adept Plastics and JCU International, which Wixom determined are discharging contaminated effluent to the sewage plant, which discharges to Norton Creek… enters the Huron River and extends to Lake Erie. Along the way, the river passes Ann Arbor, which uses it for drinking water.” (MLive/Garret Ellison)https://www.a2gov.org/departments/water-treatment/Pages/default.aspxhttps://pfasproject.com/ann-arbor-municipal-water-treatment-plant-ann-arbor-mi/https://www.thetimesherald.com/story/news/local/2018/06/08/whats-your-water-nonstick-compounds-raise-concerns/680445002/https://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/08/pfas_ann_arbor_huron_river_fis.htmlhttp://www.abc12.com/content/news/Updated-Do-Not-Eat-Fish-Advisory--491689361.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/ann-arbor/index.ssf/2018/08/state_updates_do_not_eat.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/08/ann_arbor_pfas_huron_river.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/08/michigan_says_pfas_makes_all_f.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/ann-arbor/index.ssf/2018/09/huron_river_foam_may_contain_h.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/ann-arbor/index.ssf/2018/09/ann_arbor_oks_new_plan_to_redu.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/ann-arbor/index.ssf/2018/09/lawmakers_urge_snyder_to_shut.htmlhttp://www.plasticsnews.com/article/20180928/NEWS/180929911/molder-tribar-seen-as-source-of-michigan-pfas-pollutionhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/10/temporary_filter_system_will_s.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/10/pfas_huron_river_new_sources.htmlhttp://www.michiganradio.org/post/pfas-causes-do-not-eat-fish-advisorieshttps://www.mlive.com/expo/news/erry-2018/07/00699c24a57658/michigan_pfas_sites.htmlhttp://www.wemu.org/post/issues-environment-ann-arbor-spends-better-protect-city-water-supply
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WixomMichiganWixom, Oakland County, MichiganIndustry / Manufacturing0-Wixom WWTP discharge: PFOS=290ppt, PFOA=9.7 ppt
-Groundwater @ Adept Plastics/Tribar Manufacturing Plant 4: PFOS=28,000 ppt
Wixom WWTP discharge:
PFHbA=380 ppt,
PFBA=180 ppt,
6:2 fluorotelomer sulfonate (a breakdown product of DuPont Capstone fluorosurfactants)=7,200 ppt
2018Adept Plastic Finishing Inc. factory https://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/09/pfas_michigan_wixom_contaminat.htmlWixom had its effluent tested on June 14, with results reported to city officials on June 25.2018The city notified the MDEQ of the water testing results on June 27, and later confirmed that Adept Plating and Plastics, now operating as Tribar Manufacturing Inc., is the only identified source of enforceable PFOS contamination. By October 19, 2018, Tribar has to detail how the "violations occurred and how future violations will be prevented," and provide a work plan for how it will prevent pass-through contamination while it finds a solution, and pay for the city's ongoing testing. State officials told the manager of Wixom's WWTP on Aug. 6 that the city is expected to do monthly tests of its effluent. Tribar/Adept has hired a contractor to install a granular activated carbon filter for the water it sends to the city's treatment plant. No dataNo dataIn Oct 2018, the Hamburg Township Board of Trustees sent a letter to Wixom's City Council requesting immediate action to totally eliminate the discharge of PFOS from the city's wastewater treatment plant. The letter cited Hamburg Township residents' feelings of "abject disbelief," "anger" and "fear for their health and the health of their families."https://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/09/astronomical_pfas_contaminatio.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/10/temporary_filter_system_will_s.htmlhttps://www.livingstondaily.com/story/news/local/community/livingston-county/2018/10/03/hamburg-twp-sends-letter-wixom-stop-dumping-chemicals-river/1502196002/https://whmi.com/news/article/crowd-seeks-answers-at-packed-pfas-meeting
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Escanaba Defense Fuel Supply PointMichiganEscanaba, MichiganMilitary - Air Force0N/AN/A2014Escanaba Defense Fuel Supply Pointhttp://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929_82704-452817--,00.htmlNo drinking water exposures have been identified so far. Surface water and sediment samples were collected in 2017. Results are under review, and the next steps will be determined based on the results.2014No dataNo dataNo dataNo datahttps://pfasproject.com/escanaba-defense-fuel-supply-point-michigan/https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709
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KI Sawyer Air Force BaseMichiganGwinn, MichiganMilitary - Air Force Base; Landfills; land-applied sludge0(off-base drinking water) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 202-2,651 ppt

(on-base groundwater) Combined PFOS/PFOA = 479-58,210 ppt
N/A2014Two fire training areas, three plane crash sites, two land fills, and undeveloped areas where WWTP sludges were land-applied http://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929_82704-452822--,00.htmlOff-Base: [1 out of 9 private drinking water well samples detected above the LHA]

On-Base: [8 out of 12 private drinking water well samples detected above the LHA]
2014Bottled water has been provided by the Air Force to a home with a contaminated well, and negotiations are nearing completion for installation of a whole-house treatment system to be operated by the USAF for the resident.No dataNo dataNo datahttps://pfasproject.com/ki-sawyer-air-force-base-gwinn-mi/https://partner-mco-archive.s3.amazonaws.com/client_files/1524589484.pdfhttps://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709https://www.uppermichiganssource.com/content/news/Air-Force-Civil-Engineer-Center-shares-results-of-PFAS-investigation-at-former-KI-Sawyer-Air-Force-Base-496732141.htmlhttp://www.miningjournal.net/news/front-page-news/2018/10/air-force-presents-results-of-pfas-investigation/
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LansingMichiganLansing, MichiganIndustry / Manufacturing0Combined PFCs: (private & mobile home park wells: up to 249 ppt; HSRUA treated water: 6.7 ppt)N/A2016RACER Lansing Plant & Adams Plating planthttp://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929_82704-452825--,00.htmlNo data2016No dataNo dataNo dataNo datahttps://pfasproject.com/lansing-mi/https://www.thetimesherald.com/story/news/local/2018/06/08/whats-your-water-nonstick-compounds-raise-concerns/680445002/https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709http://www.wilx.com/content/news/PFAS-not-found-in-drinking-water-490522541.htmlhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/draft-pfas-toxicological-profile-comments-submitted-to-federal-government/1386053317http://www.abc12.com/content/news/Updated-Do-Not-Eat-Fish-Advisory--491689361.html
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LapeerMichiganLapeer, MichiganIndustry / Manufacturing0N/AN/A2017Lapeer Plating & Plastics facility and the Lapeer Wastewater Treatment Plant (Lapeer WWTP)http://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929_82704-452827--,00.htmlTesting found PFOS at 2,000-ppt in the Lapeer sewage plant effluent in summer 2017. PFOS in the Lapeer Plating discharge tested at 19,000-ppt. Testing also found PFAS in the biosolid sludge from the sewage plant that was applied on fields. 2017Multiple meetings held w/ Lapeer Plating&Plastics and Lapeer WWTP. DEQ issued Violation Notice to Lapeer P&P to correct the discharge. There is a fish consumption advisory on the Flint River as a result of the discharge to surface waters. "The Lapeer investigation formed the structure of a statewide DEQ effort to find and remove PFAS sources from industrial wastewater." (MLive/Garret Ellison)No dataNo dataIn 2017, PFAS in the Flint River was traced back to a chrome finishing company that was discharging contaminated industrial sewage to the Lapeer Wastewater Treatment Plant. Lapeer Plating & Plastics says it stopped using PFAS in 2013, but elevated levels of residual contaminants remain. Lapeer Plating installed activated carbon filtration and new piping that has reduced PFAS in its effluent. https://pfasproject.com/lapeer-mi/https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709https://www.mlive.com/expo/news/erry-2018/07/00699c24a57658/michigan_pfas_sites.html
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Selfridge Air National Guard BaseMichiganMt. Clemens / Harrison Township, MichiganMilitary - Air National Guard Base0~ Clinton River drainage near intersection of Irwin Drive and North River Road: Total PFAS=5,009 ppt
~ Clinton River outfall near Bridgeview Street: Total PFAS=4,771 ppt
~ Water entering Lake St. Clair directly from drainage outfall on northeastern base perimeter: Total PFAS=947 ppt

AFFECTED MUNICIPAL WATER
~ Mt. Clemens Municipal Water: PFOS=ND, PFOA=0.93 ppt, Other PFAS=2.71 ppt
~ Ira Township Municipal Water: PFOS=1.77 ppt, PFOA=1.51 ppt, Other PFAS=4.37 ppt
~ New Baltimore Municipal Water: PFOS=0.48 ppt, PFOA=2.05 ppt, Other PFAS=4.76 ppt
PFHxS, commonly found in AFFF, made up about half the total PFAS contamination found in base drainage.
2015Firefighting foam used at Selfridge Air National Gaurd Basehttps://www.michigan.gov/pfasresponse/0,9038,7-365-86511_82704-452829--,00.htmlSelfridge has been determined as a source of PFAS in Lake St. Clair, which provides the raw drinking water for several communities, including Mount Clemens, New Baltimore and Ira Township, which serve a combined population of about 35,000.2017In early October 2017 the DEQ asked six surface water treatment plants to sample for PFAS. There is a consumption advisory for bluegill and sunfish in Lake St. Clair due to PFOS.
The Department of Defense began looking into AFFF use at Selfridge in 2015, but did not get around to testing base groundwater spring of 2018. The base is considering installing GAC filters at drainage outfalls, and has replaced 91,000 pounds of AFFF with a newer foam containing different PFAS compounds.
No dataNo dataThe Air National Guard's work plan identifies 25 different areas on the base being investigated as potential plume sources where AFFF was released, including 3 fire training areas, 6 hangars, a nozzle testing area, 2 crash sites, 2 parking/maintenance ramps, base fire department buildings, drainage basins, a former wastewater treatment plant and some sewage sludge drying beds and application areas. https://pfasproject.com/mt-clemens-mi/https://www.thetimesherald.com/story/news/local/2018/06/08/whats-your-water-nonstick-compounds-raise-concerns/680445002/https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709https://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/07/selfridge_pfas_afff_lake_st_cl.htmlhttps://www.candgnews.com/news/upcoming-town-hall-to-address-water-contamination-109839
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Mt. PleasantMichiganMt. Pleasant, MichiganIndustry / Manufacturing0N/AN/A2017Firefighting foam used/stored at Roosevelt Refineryhttp://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929_82704-452832--,00.htmlNo data2017No dataNo dataNo dataNo datahttps://pfasproject.com/mt-pleasant-mi/https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709http://www.themorningsun.com/general-news/20180713/old-mt-pleasant-refinery-site-has-new-contamination-worrieshttp://www.cm-life.com/article/2018/09/water-quality-cover
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Huron Shores Regional Water AuthorityMichiganTawas, MichiganMilitary - Former Air Force Base0PFOA and PFOS found at levels consistantly below 70 pptN/A2015Plume originating from Wurtsmith Air Force Base firefighting foam usehttp://www.michigan.gov/som/0,4669,7-192-45414_45929_82704-452844--,00.htmlThe HSRWA is the alternative being considered for properties affected by the Wurtsmith Air Force Base plume. The HSRWA will monitor quarterly until they can demonstrate the PFAS is reliably and consistently below 70 ppt.2016No dataNo dataNo dataHSRUA pulls Lake Huron water for 14,300 people in Tawas and Oscoda from an intake pipe near Tawas Point. HSRUA water is considered the safe alternative supply for polluted wells near Wurtsmith Air Force Base in Oscoda. In 2016, total PFAS in treated water ranged from 0.9 to 27.6-ppt across regular testing. Total PFAS at the treatment plant rose to 74.2-ppt and 48-ppt in raw lake water in June of 2016, but later testing detected lower levels. https://pfasproject.com/huron-shores-regional-water-authority-tawas-mi/https://www.thetimesherald.com/story/news/local/2018/06/08/whats-your-water-nonstick-compounds-raise-concerns/680445002/https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709https://www.mlive.com/expo/news/erry-2018/07/00699c24a57658/michigan_pfas_sites.html
93
Saginaw-Midland Municipal Water Supply Co (serves most communities around Saginaw Bay)MichiganWhitestone Point, MichiganMilitary - Army Base/Former Air Force Base0Combined PFOA/PFOS: 4 pptTotal PFAS (1.3-9.7 ppt)2018Lake Huron is the source of conamination, which receives drainage from Wurtsmith and Camp Grayling PFAS contamination sites upstream.http://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/02/pfas_lake_huron_saginaw-midlan.htmlThe Saignaw-Midland Municipal Water Supply serves more than 260,00 Michigan residents across 50+ communities, including Midland, Saginaw, Bay City; through wholesale customers like the Sims-Whitney Utility Authority, Linwood Metro Water District, the Saginaw-Chippewa Indian Tribe, the cities of Au Gres, Omer, Standish, and other area suburbs.2018No dataNo dataNo dataNo datahttps://pfasproject.com/oscoda-township-michigan/https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709https://www.mlive.com/expo/news/erry-2018/07/00699c24a57658/michigan_pfas_sites.html
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Cascade TownshipMichiganCascade Township, MichiganCivilian Airport; Industry / Manufacturing0Highest concentration of PFOA detected at well closest airport: 36.6 ppt
PFHpA detected at well closest airport: 15.5 ppt
2018Firefighting foam used for training exercises at Gerald Ford International Airport during the 70s-90s, and discharges from a former Lacks Enterprises metal plating facility.http://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/pfas-foam-used-at-ford-airport-uphill-from-homes/108585459020 wells have been tested by Gordon Water Systems at the request of residents. 4 of 20 wells tested showed PFAS detections2016The DEQ has asked the airport to investigate whether PFAS is contaminating the airport and if it has spread.. Contamination levels have been below the 70 ppt standardNo dataNo dataFord was part of a nationwide group of airports surveyed about their use of PFAS-tainted AFFF firefighting foam In late 2015 and early 2016. Ford's spokesperson said, "We did participate in the survey that requested our use of AFFF. The survey clearly states that it was done to explore the use of AFFF in firefighting, which is what we did... We were not aware of AFFF’s containing PFAS to be a potential threat to the environment until [2017]."https://pfasproject.com/gerald-r-ford-airport-cascade-township-mi/http://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/pfas-found-in-some-private-wells-near-ford-airport/1126318034http://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/ford-airport-surveyed-about-pfas-foam-2-years-ago/1088141195http://www.cascadetwp.com/Community/What-s-Happening/Well-Water-Resources.aspxhttps://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/06/ford_airport_neighbors_await_w.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/06/thornapple_river_pfas_foam.htmlhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709https://www.mlive.com/news/muskegon/index.ssf/2018/07/carjacking_4_other_sentences_a.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/09/ford_airport_pfas_meeting_casc.htmlhttps://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/toxic-tap-water/ford-airport-pfas-tests-find-water-is-safe-/1477809616https://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/09/ford_airport_claims_water_is_s.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/10/lacks_enterprises_pfas_deq_cas.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/10/pfas_lacks_cascade_meeting.htmlhttp://www.michiganradio.org/post/cascade-township-residents-urge-state-and-local-officials-speed-pfas-testing
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Central Sanitary LandfillMichiganPierson Township, MichiganLandfill / Industrial Waste0Total PFAS in shallow monitoring wells surrounding the landfill: 60-1,062 pptN/A2018Wolverine Worldwide tannery waste stored at the Central Sanitary Landfill since mid 1980shttp://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/04/pierson_landfill_pfas_deq.htmlOf the 12 wells tested, only one found no detection of PFAS. Five of the wells exceeded the EPA health advisory level and Michigan’s groundwater cleanup standard for PFOS and PFOA.2018The MDEQ called a public meeting in late April 2018. Republic General Manager, Todd Harland, told concerned residents that a company representative would go door-to-door to houses and businesses within a square mile of the landfill, providing bottled water and testing their private wells. 21 drinking water wells are being targeted for initial testing. In the meeting, the DEQ mentioned plans to install new monitoring wells around the landfill to inform them if PFAS begins migrating away from the landfill. The Mid Michigan District Health Department will be working with the DEQ as an extra resource to provide information to residents looking for further answers.No dataNo dataAccording to documents and former employees, Wolverine began sending sludge from the former Rockford tannery to the Central Sanitary Landfill in the early 1980s. Wolverine began using PFAS-laden 3M Scotchgard to treat shoe leather at the tannery in 1958.https://pfasproject.com/pierson-township-michigan/https://thedailynews.cc/articles/pfas-a-statewide-issue/http://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/04/anger_anxiety_about_pfas_at_pi.htmlhttp://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/toxic-tap-water/private-tests-find-little-to-no-pfas-around-pierson-dump/1211088050https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-map-confirmedPFASsites_611932_7.pdfhttps://mlive.carto.com/u/levinscott/builder/03971348-850f-48a6-a977-d931f777e469/embedhttps://www.upmatters.com/news/local-news/deq-statement-regarding-water-contamination-in-michigan/1297126709https://thedailynews.cc/articles/just-in-pfas-discovered-in-water-at-tri-county-middle-school/
96
Richland Township, Kalamazoo CountyMichiganKalamazoo County, MichiganIndustry / Manufacturing, Landfill(s)04 Richland Township home drinking water wells: 143 ppt, 696 ppt, 986 ppt and 1,116 ppt of PFOS and PFOA.

Effluent from Kalamazoo Water Reclamation Plant: PFOS=29-38ppt, PFOA=12-15ppt

Primary PFAS dischargers into WWTP: [Discharge from former Production Plated Plastics site: PFOS=8,000 ppt], [Cork Street Landfill: PFOS+PFOA= 620 ppt], [Allied Paper Mill Site GWTP: PFOS+PFOA= 280 ppt], [GP Charleston Landfill: PFOS+PFOA= 261 ppt], [Graphic Packaging International: PFOS=150 ppt], [Arvco: PFOS+PFOA= 19.7 ppt], [Domestic Uniform Rental Company: PFOA=60 ppt], [Green Bay Packaging, Inc: PFOS=20 ppt], [Kaiser Aluminum Fabricated Products: PFOA+PFOS= 21.5 ppt], [Lawrence Industries: PFOS=30 ppt], [Textile Systems: PFOA=24 ppt], [Bowers Manufacturing Company: PFOS= 76 ppt]
N/A2018Of the facilities sampled by Fleis & Vanderbrink, Kalamazoo found 10 sites were discharging PFOA and 20 sites were discharging PFOS into the city's wastewater system. The primary contributor is former Production Plated Plastics, owned by the state since 1989.https://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/pfas_found_in_3_homes_in_richl.htmlKalamazoo found 10 sites were discharging PFOA and 20 sites were discharging PFOS into the city's wastewater system. The primary contributor is the former Production Plated Plastics site, whch is also responsible for the 3 contaminated private drinking water wells in Richland Township, which are now receiving bottled water. Spokesperson Scott Dean said the DEQ plans to collect approximately 300 residential well samples in a new expanded study area.2018Per the city's request, the DEQ ceased discharge from the former Production Plated Plastics site on June 21, 2018. The DEQ is also in the process of installing a groundwater treatment system at the Production Plated Plastics site, expected to be operational by the end of July 2018. It is also providing bottled water to the 3 homes with contaminated wells. The state is installing an upgraded treatment system at the former production plant, and will provide alternative water sources for affected residents. No dataA federal judge ordered Production Plated Plastics to pay $1.5 million in fines in 1992, stating that the company "purposely thwarted the effectiveness of hazardous waste laws by failing to clean up soil and groundwater contamination." (Barret, MLive) The electro-plating company was ordered to close its Richland Township facility. The company produced plastic parts for the automotive industry from 1969 until it closed in 1989.The state took possession of the Production Plated Plastics site when the company went bankrupt, and has retained ownership due to environmental issues associated with the site. "The state operates a groundwater pumping system at the site meant to prevent groundwater contaminated with chromium VI, nickel and volatile compounds from migrating offsite. Pumps discharge directly into the sanitary sewer system that flows back to the city of Kalamazoo's wastewater treatment plant. Until recently, the groundwater discharge from the site had never been tested for PFAS... PFAS had not been identified as a chemical of concern associated with the site." (Barret, MLive)https://www.scribd.com/document/383797769/Kalamazoo-2018-PFAS-Wastewater-Testing-Report#from_embedhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/sources_of_pfas_compounds_foun.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/high_pfas_found_in_richland_gr.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/pfas_richland_township_kalamaz.htmlhttp://wincountry.com/news/articles/2018/jul/19/richland-contamination-probe-gets-off-the-ground/https://wwmt.com/news/local/deq-pledges-to-help-pay-for-pfas-contaminated-wellshttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/richland_township_pfas.htmlhttps://www.kalamazoocity.org/news/368-pfas-tests-for-kalamazoo-municipal-drinking-water-show-results-within-safe-drinking-water-guidelineshttps://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/08/police_find_10_people_in_small.htmlhttps://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/toxic-tap-water/pfas-testing-expands-in-richland-township/1366211010https://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/pfas_richland_township.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/pfas_tests_find_11_richland_to.html
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City of Kalamazoo Municipal Water SystemMichiganCity of Kalamazoo, MichiganUnknown0PFOS+PFOA found between 2 ppt - 19 ppt in three stations and did not detect any level at 12 pumping stations. Total PFAS was found at 2 ppt, 3 ppt, 6 ppt, 69 ppt and 72 ppt in five pumping stations and did not detect any level at 10 pumping stations.2018Multiple potential sources. A study commissioned by the city found 20 industrial sites were dumping PFASs into its wastewater system.https://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/pfas_found_in_kalamazoo_water.htmlIn Kalamazoo's recent testing, samples were taken where water enters the station, so results may not show what could be found in treated drinking water. The three stations where low levels were detected are only used when there is a high demand for water.2018Kalamazoo City Manager Jeff Chamberlain said the city will now work to identify sources of PFAS contamination. A second round of testing will occur within a month and wells will be tested quarterly for PFAS moving forward. No dataNo dataThe water system draws from more than two dozen groundwater wells to provide an average of 17 million gallons of water to 123,000 customers throughout Kalamazoo County.https://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/sources_of_pfas_compounds_foun.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/09/pfas_found_in_kalamazoo_river_1.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/09/seminar_held_on_kalamazoo_wate.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/10/pfas_parchment_georgia-pacific.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/11/parchment_water_service_pfas.html
98
Parchment / Cooper TownshipMichiganParchment & Cooper Townships, MichiganUnknown0-Parchment Municipal water (before Kalamazoo connection): PFOS=740 ppt, PFOA=670 ppt
-Parchment Municipal water (after Kalamazoo connection): PFOS+PFOA= 6-8 ppt
-Municipal well #1: PFOS=164 ppt, PFOA=217 ppt
-Municipal well #2: PFOS=991 ppt, PFOA=848 ppt
-Municipal well #3: PFOS=91 ppt, PFOA=146 ppt
-Kalamazoo River surface water @ D Avenue in Cooper Township: PFOS=15.83 ppt, PFOA=5.38 ppt
-Private wells: Total PFAS as high as 340 ppt
Parchment Municipal water
-before Kalamazoo connection: Total PFAS=1,587 ppt
-after Kalamazoo connection: Total PFAS=24-33 ppt
2018Unknownhttps://www.mlive.com/expo/news/erry-2018/07/5233aa131f3266/what-we-know-about-pfas-contam.htmlThe state has tested 196 private wells. Of the 126 tests completed, all have at least some PFAS, with a dozen above the 70 ppt EPA drinking water advisory level. An estimated 3,000 residents in are on Parchment's city water system, including residents in Parchment and parts of Cooper Township. 2018On July 26, residents on Parchment's municipal water supply were told to immediately stop drinking the water after high levels of PFAS were discovered in the municipal water source. The governor's office announced a state of emergency on July 29. Bottled water is being distributed to residents on Parchment's water system at Parchment High School. Lt. Gov. Brian Calley says state and local officials are working to ensure residents have safe water. The Parchment water system is being drained and will be hooked up to Kalamazoo's water system, and will later be flushed, according to officials. In early August 2018, Kalamazoo City Commission aapproved an agreement to provide one year's worth of potable water to the city of Parchment, which will pay the cost of connecting its system to Kalamazoo's and will pay a bulk rate to Kalamazoo for the water supplied. On Aug 27, 2018, officials removed the 'do not drink' water advisory for Parchment residents, but hesitated to call the water "safe" since low amounts of PFASs remain. The Michigan health department is planning an exposure assessment study to research possible health impacts on residents. No dataDetroit law firm Liddle & Dubin P.C. filed a federal class action lawsuit in U.S. District Court in Grand Rapids Thursday, Nov. 1 , alleging 3M and Georgia-Pacific are responsible for contaminating Parchment's municipal drinking water. Three Parchment residents, are seeking financial compensation and funding to evaluate the health impacts of people exposed to PFAS"I'll never drink city water again, any city water, any well water," said Cooper Township resident Steve VanDiver. "I've lost trust in the water system across the country.”https://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/parchment_pfas_levels_prompt_l.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/pfas_parchment_kalamazoo.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/parchment_pfas_drinking_water.htmlhttps://www.kob.com/us-news/the-latest-3000-cases-of-water-given-away-after-pfas-found/5006650/?cat=600https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2018/07/29/michigan-tainted-water-pfas/859835002/https://wwmt.com/news/local/pfas-parchment-with-the-aid-of-kalamazoo-is-flushing-out-its-water-systemhttp://www.kalcounty.com/userfiles/hcs/hottopics/2018-07-28%20parchment%20factsheet%20edited%20final.pdfhttps://www.michigan.gov/pfasresponse/0,9038,7-365-86511_82704_87495---,00.htmlhttps://wwmt.com/news/local/health-officials-say-follow-guidelines-dont-panic-with-possible-pfas-ingestionhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/cases_of_bottled_water_in_tow.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/parchment_residents_not_surpri.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/pfas_parchment_test_results_we.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/parchment_pfas_crisis_remain_u.htmlhttps://wwmt.com/news/local/parchment-water-hotline-fielding-pfas-calls-from-concerned-kalamazoo-county-residentshttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/kalamazoo_to_provide_clean_wat.htmlhttps://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/toxic-tap-water/target-8-tests-find-high-pfas-levels-in-kalamazoo-river/1354880307https://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/deq_hunts_for_pfas_in_kalamazo.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/parchment_shown_risk_of_contam.htmlhttps://www.cnn.com/2018/08/16/health/tap-water-crisis-toxic-michigan-pfoa-pfas/index.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/documents_show_use_of_pfas_at.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/parchment_bottled_water_pickup_1.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/pfas_results_show_13_cooper_to.htmlhttps://fox17online.com/2018/08/20/officials-in-parchment-are-optimistic-as-water-ban-continues/https://www.bridgemi.com/michigan-environment-watch/west-michigan-pfas-contamination-leaves-fruits-and-veggies-witherhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/low_levels_of_pfas_found_in_pa_1.htmlhttps://www.woodtv.com/news/target-8/toxic-tap-water/solution-near-in-parchment-a-month-after-contamination/1394120777https://wwmt.com/news/local/parchment-water-update-numerous-residents-to-get-pfas-filters-starting-mondayhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/michigan_officials_declare_par.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/parchment_drinking_water_safe.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/parchment_restaurants_took_hit.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/cooper_township_will_receive_b.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/09/extremely_high_levels_of_pfas.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/09/pfas_found_in_kalamazoo_river_1.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/09/state_health_officials_downpla.htmlhttps://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/michigan/2018/10/01/michigan-fights-contain-pfas-contamination-detroit/1347528002/https://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/10/pfas_parchment_georgia-pacific.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/11/3m_and_georgia-pacific_sued_fo.html
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Battle Creek Air National Guard BaseMichiganBattle Creek/Springfield/Bedford Township, Calhoun County, MichiganMilitary- Air National Guard0
19 private drinking wells detected PFOS+PFOA below 70 ppt; 2 private wells detected PFOS+PFOA above 70 ppt: as high as 411 ppt

On-Base water wells show presence of 13 PFAS compounds – Highest results: PFOA=21,500 ppt, PFOS=55,500 ppt, PFHxS=38,400 ppt

2 off-base monitoring wells detected PFOA below 70 ppt and PFOS above 70 ppt, with highest level of PFOS at 902 ppt
On-Base water wells show presence of 13 PFAS compounds – Highest results: PFHxS=38,400 ppt2018Firefighting foam used at Battle Creek ANGBhttps://www.michigan.gov/pfasresponse/0,9038,7-365-86511_82704-473472--,00.htmlSee MDEQ website2018"The DEQ will continue to visit home owners in a portion of Bedford Township to request permission and to test water wells north and northwest and more than one mile from the Base. Work is also in progress to evaluate records to determine if there are other suspected locations where PFAS may have been made or used. In July 2018, the DEQ is preparing to host another Open House and a Town Hall meeting for the public."No data“According to the 2016 report, 10 gallons of foam were released in 2004 when an aircraft landed on the runway on its belly.
In November 2014, a Battle Creek firefighter accidentally released more than 1,500 gallons of a firefighting foam and water mixture at the guard base. According to an after-action report, a firefighter accidentally turned on a water turret while inspecting it, spraying the mixture onto an asphalt and dirt road.
Around 300 cubic feet of contaminated soil was scraped from the site and disposed of. The DEQ was notified at the time.
Five gallons of foam were used to put out a fire when an aircraft crashed in August 2015.
The west-central portion of the base was used for fire training activities from 1977-86. Approximately 54,000-74,000 gallons of a mixture of jet propulsion fuel, waste oils, waste hydraulic fluid and spent cleaning solvents was reportedly floated on water inside the area, ignited and extinguished.
In 1991, soil in the burn area was visibly contaminated, and fuel odors were noted during field activities. Several volatile organic compounds and metals were detected in the soils from the surface to the water table.
From 1992 to 2003, several remediation activities were completed, including installation of a bioventing system and a 12-inch, 105-foot-diameter clay cap. The site received a no further action letter from the DEQ in 2003.
One site in the southwest portion of the airport was used to burn a damaged aircraft before it was shipped off-base for disposal. An estimated 1,800 to 2,400 gallons of fuel and solvents were used there.
Sampling in 1991 and 1992 found volatile organic compounds in the groundwater, but it was not analyzed for PFAS at the time. The area was excavated and capped with asphalt by 1996.” (Barrett, MLive)
https://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/07/battle_creek_air_force_pfas.htmlhttps://www.battlecreekenquirer.com/story/news/local/2018/08/01/uncertainty-around-pfas-has-battle-creek-residents-worried/874469002/https://upton.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=399085https://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/08/upton_says_its_unacceptable_to.htmlhttps://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2018/09/pfas_found_in_kalamazoo_river_1.htmlhttps://wwmt.com/news/local/battle-creek-announces-no-pfas-found-in-city-drinking-water-system
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Blair Township, Grand Traverse CountyMichiganBlair Township, Grand Traverse County, MichiganIndustry-related fire0~Monitoring well C: PFOA=60 ppt, PFOS=260 ppt
~Monitoring well B: PFOA=92 ppt, PFOS=69 ppt.
~12 private residential wells detected low levels, one testing as low as 2 ppt with the highest at 36 ppt~
N/A20181995 fire at Carl's Retreading, where AFFF was usedhttps://www.michigan.gov/pfasresponse/0,9038,7-365-86511_82704-473719--,00.htmlState funded activities were initiated in 2018 to evaluate whether use of AFFF on the 1995 tire fire resulted in PFAS contamination in the groundwater. In May 2018, MDEQ conducted a limited groundwater investigation immediately downgradient of the Carl’s Retreading site to check for PFAS contamination. Five sampling locations (labeled A – E on the site map) were selected for sampling of the aquifer down to 70 feet below ground surface. Results for sample locations B, C, D, and E detected PFAS in all four samples.2018Additional sampling of the drinking water at Blair Elementary School and one residence directly downgradient of the Carl’s site (both of which rely on private well water) was conducted following the detections of PFAS in groundwater. The school's water found no detection of PFAS, and the one residence had PFAS at 6 ppt. DEQ officials will return next month to sample water wells for 35 more homes to determine if the contamination spread. Private wells at 12 homes have tested positive for low PFAS levels; the Grand Traverse County Health Department began providing bottled water to the affected residents in early September 2018, until more information is collected.No dataNo dataCarl's Retreading operated for several years as a scrap tire collection/recycling site. On December 29, 1995, a fire in a tire shredding machine ignited scrap tires that were piled up to 30 feet high, burning for several weeks. Blair Elementary School was closed and 62 residents were evacuated from their homes during the fire. The fire department unsuccessfully tried using aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) to put out the fire, ultimately spraying it down with water and burying the burning tires.
Afterward, Carl’s Retreading did not address outstanding obligations under state environmental laws, and the DEQ filed a complaint in circuit court in 1998. A Default Judgment was entered, holding Carl's Retreading and its partners liable. In 1999, Carl's Retreading abandoned the site and initiated bankruptcy proceedings.
https://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2018/07/1996_grawn_tire_fire_pfas.htmlhttp://www.record-eagle.com/news/local_news/blair-elementary-water-sample-pfas-free/article_afdb1c7e-006a-5ed0-8fe0-a3d6b37cf581.htmlhttp://www.gtchd.org/DocumentCenter/View/9056/PFASinBlairTownshipUpdate73018http://www.gtchd.org/2065/PFAShttp://www.record-eagle.com/news/local_news/pfas-testing-continues-statewide/article_a2d81607-118b-5e49-b20e-82bd4bd0d71b.htmlhttp://www.record-eagle.com/opinion/editorials/editorial-stay-persistent-proactive-on-pfas/article_c17c6ba0-bade-56c4-8182-3dc2980e62a6.htmlhttps://www.9and10news.com/2018/09/06/gtco-health-department-releases-results-of-wells-tested-for-pfas/http://www.record-eagle.com/news/local_news/pfas-found-in-blair-residential-wells/article_6666e93b-7450-543b-b6de-454f4e9ddab9.htmlhttp://www.interlochenpublicradio.org/post/bottled-water-handed-out-blair-after-pfas-contamination-foundhttp://www.record-eagle.com/news/local_news/chemical-reaction-neighborhood-deals-with-contaminated-water-seeks-answers/article_40e93bbb-b937-5552-b180-75efc657d0a8.html
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