Strategy: "What procedure should I use?" (public)
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DepthQuestion and Answers
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L0QuestionWhat does the author of the review (LINK) think of the work being reviewed?
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HE (A1)$1 The author likes the sound of the album.
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ME (A2)$2 The author thinks that this album tackles emotionally fraught topics and is not for the squeamish, though the author finds it warm overall and thinks it occasionally approaches transcendence.
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L1.1Sub QuestionQ: What procedure should I use to decide which of A1 and A2 is better?
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ME$3 Verify that both answers describe the text accurately, but A2 is more specific.
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L1.2Sub QuestionDo A1 and A2 both describe the text accurately?
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ME (B1)Yes, though A2 slightly speculatively attributes the opinion $4[the album is not for the squeamish]
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HE (B2)No, A2 contains claim C1$[the author thinks the album is not for the squeamish] which is unsupported by the text because $5[while similar claim C2 $[a reader of the review might conclude that the album is not for the squeamish because it tackles potentially disturbing topics] is true, there is no evidence for C1].
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L2.1Sub QuestionWhat procedure should I use to decide which of B1 and B2 is better?
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ME$9 The answers differ primarily in that D[A1 calls claim C1[the author thinks the album is not for the squeamish] slightly speculative, while A2 calls claim C1 unsupported]].
Check that D suggests A1 is better by asking SQ[is claim C1 speculative, or is it unsupported by the text?], and that there aren’t other important differences.
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L2.2Sub QuestionAre there important differences between B1 and B2 other than D, or does that capture the key difference between them for the purpose of comparison?
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METhere aren’t other key differences.
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L3.1Sub QuestionWhat is the answer to SQ[Is claim C1[the author thinks the album is not for the squeamish] speculative, or is it unsupported by the text?]?
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ME (F1)[claim C1 is slightly speculative, but the text has evidence for it]
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HE (F2)[claim C1 is unsupported by the text] because argument ARG[while similar claim C2 [a reader of the review might conclude that the album is not for the squeamish because it tackles potentially disturbing topics] is true, there is no direct evidence for C1]
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L4.1Sub QuestionWhat procedure should I use to decide which of A1 and A2 is better?
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MEEvaluate the total evidence from the text for claim C1; A1 is better if “unsupported” is a better description of that support, A2 is better if “speculative” is a better description.
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L4.2Sub QuestionWhat is the textual evidence for claim C1?
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ME The evidence is E1[The topics of the album, including [[sexual relationship with authority figures], [grisly death], [suicide], [molestation], [substance abuse]] strongly suggest that the album is “not for the squeamish,” suggesting C1. The author’s choice of words when discussing those topics, particularly [“grisly,” “emotionally fraught,” “Today is terrible”] is also more likely if C1 is true.]
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L4.3Sub QuestionIs there textual evidence undermining claim C1?
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MEA1: Evidence E2[ E2A[The author describes the album as “warm” and having other related features [“innate gift for melody”, “[Hadreas’ lyrics] deserve attention,” “tomorrow can be anything”] that would be less likely if C1.]
E2B[ The author doesn’t say anything about any listeners being turned away, which we would expect if C1 were true.] ] undermines C1
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HEA2: Evidence E3[ E3A [The author views the album positively overall [“For all its fragile moments and depictions of emotional instability, Learning is an unbelievably warm-sounding record.”]
The author views the album's tackling of "emotionally fraught topics" as a positive aspect ["This simplicity puts greater focus on Hadreas' lyrics, and they deserve the attention. He's tackling emotionally fraught topics here..."]]
E3B[ The author never makes a statement indicating C1] ] undermines C1
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L4.4Sub QuestionIn light of evidence E1 and E2, is it more accurate to say that C1 is “slightly speculative” or “unsupported”?
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MEA: “Slightly speculative."
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Result: ME
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L3.2Sub QuestionGiven that F1 is the answer to SQ, and that A1 and A2 differ by D, is this difference a point in favor of A1 or A2?
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MEIt is a difference in favor of A1.
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Result: ME
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L1.3Sub QuestionIs A2 more specific?
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MEIt includes more details, although it doesn't explicitly include the main claim in A1
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L1.4Sub QuestionWhat's the best reason that A1 is a better answer than A2?
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ME (O1) It explicitly says [the author likes the album] which A2 only implies
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HE (O2)A2 implies that the author has a mixed/slightly negative opinion of the album, while A1 implies that the author has an overall positive opinion of the album. The author actually indicated a positive review of the album, so A1 is more accurate, and this is a more important consideration than that A2 is more specific.
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L2.1Sub QuestionWhat procedure should I use to tell which of O1 and O2 is better?
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MEConfirm that O1 is an accurate description, but O2 incorrectly asserts C[A2 implies the author has a mixed/slightly negative opinion of the album]. Confirm this is a key part of O2, and there are no similarly-big reasons to prefer O2.
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L2.2Sub QuestionIs O1 a correct reason A1 is better than A2?
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MEYes
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L2.3Sub QuestionIs O2 incorrect as a reason that A1 is better, because it asserts C3[A2[The author thinks that this album tackles emotionally fraught topics and is not for the squeamish, though the author finds it warm overall and thinks it occasionally approaches transcendence] implies the author has a mixed/slightly negative opinion of the album]?
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ME (R1)Yes, though it’s debatable
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HE (R2)No, C3 is true
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L3.1Sub QuestionWhat procedure should I use to tell which of R1 and R2 is better?
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MEC3 is a self-contained claim that is easy to check, look at it and confirm it is false, and verify that this implies that R1 is better
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L3.2Sub QuestionLook at C3 [A2 [The author thinks the album tackles emotionally fraught topics and is not for the squeamish, though the author finds it warm overall and thinks it occasionally approaches transcendence] implies the author has a mixed/slightly negative opinion of the album.], and determine if it is true.
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MEIt is not really true
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HEIt’s basically true
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Judge Challenge: 4 for ME vs. 1 for HE
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L3.3Sub QuestionIf C3 is not really true, does that imply that R1 is better than R2?
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MEYes
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Result: ME
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L2.4Sub QuestionIs assertion C3 central to the explanation O2?
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MEYes
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L2.5Sub QuestionGiven that C3 is central to O2 and is wrong, while O1 is accurate, is O1 a better answer than O2 to question [What’s the best reason that A1 is a better answer than A2]?
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MEYes
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Result: ME
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L1.5Sub QuestionQ: Given that A1 explicitly says [the author likes the album] and A2 only implies it, how strong a reason is that to prefer A1?
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MEIt's a mild reason to prefer A1.
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Result: ME
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