Timeline - The Early Years of the US
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YearMonthDayTimeEnd YearEnd MonthEnd DayEnd TimeDisplay DateHeadlineTextMediaMedia CreditMedia CaptionMedia ThumbnailTypeGroupBackground
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The Early Years of the United StatesThis timeline was created by students of Winfriedschule Fulda in February 2019. - The clip on the left covers a larger time frame but may help to put some things touched upon in this timline into perspective. - Enjoy!https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qqg_HUjxWe8Knowledgia 2017"The History of the United States in 6 minutes" (YouTube clip)titlehttps://c.tadst.com/gfx/750w/flag-day.jpg
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14511506520Christopher ColumbusChristopher Columbus was an inquisitive adventurer and the sea interested him very much. As the Ottomans paid the land routes to China and India, a new sea route had to be found because the Europeans got valuable materials from there and were dependent on them. But it wasn't a big problem. Columbus was a clever man and had a plan. In 1492 he wanted to travel west, to India. But he arrived in America and he didn't know where he was. So he called the inhabitants "Indians". Columbus initiated the conquest of American continent by the Europeans. Still today he's also known as a power-hungry and cruel conquerer. The native people were brutally oppressed, enslaved and murdered by the European settlers.https://twt-media.washtimes.com/media/image/2012/10/07/beltway_columbus01.jpghttps://www.google.com/search?q=christoph+kolumbus&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjI6oSstbngAhUKYVAKHacCDRwQ_AUIDigB#imgrc=iP5JaHbmW-7tnM:https://i.ytimg.com/vi/5A26PxO9qLY/maxresdefault.jpg
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1863730194747Henry FordHenry Ford, an American inventor who lived from 1863 to 1947, was a pioneer of the car manufacturing. In 1903, he founded the Ford Motor Company, the oldest American maker of cars. With it´s legendary Model T, what you see in the background, he also developed America´s economy. It was maybe the first "Van". But not just his cars improved America´s economy. He also had the first company with assembly lines, which were an important improvement for the world. The whole industry today uses assembly lines and vans or lorries to transport their goods. Today Ford Motor Company is one of America´s importants car brands and by the way he improved the whole industry. Fun fact: Ford Motor Company delivered motors to Hitler in WW2. Hitler said Henry Ford was one of his role models because he and his company remained independent all over the years.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_Motor_CompanyWikipedia http://www.american-automobiles.com/Ford/1918-Ford-Touring-Car.jpg
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16075141699JamestownIn 1607 the first lasting colony, named Jamestown, was made at Virginia. It was set up by some English men because of their interest in gold and adventure. In the first summer there many settlers died because of diseases which were unknown to them. In 1622, during the Jamestown massacre, 347 of more than 1,100 settlers died. Another war followed and in the end English supremacy in the region was secured.https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/69/Location_of_jamestown_virginia.jpgWikipediaLocation of Jamestownhttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Location_of_jamestown_virginia.jpghttps://www.history.com/.image/t_share/MTU3OTIzNjU0NzY5MTI1MDEw/image-placeholder-title.jpg
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17061171790417Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin is mainly known as scientist and inventor also played a very imprtant role in the American Revolution. He was the only person to sign all the four key documents that established the United States: The Declaration of Independence (1776), The Treaty of Alliance with France (1778), The Treaty of Paris that established peace with Great Britain (17783) and The U.S. Cosntitution (1787). Fun Fact: You can see his head on the 100 dollar bill ;).https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OnCacvIEfRoWikipediaBenjamin Franklinhttps://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:BenFranklinDuplessis.jpghttps://www.baylor.edu/content/imglib/3/1/4/5/314539.jpg
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173222217991214George WashingtonGeorge Washington was the first President of the United States. He was in office from 1789 to 1797. His share in the War of Independence was important for the American-French victory. He won the presidential election with a big majority. When he was president, he introduced a cabinet, which wasn't planned.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hvE9fb--DigYouTube / Biography.comGeorge Washington (Biography.com)https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cc/BenFranklinDuplessis.jpghttps://www.history.com/.image/c_limit%2Ccs_srgb%2Cfl_progressive%2Ch_2000%2Cq_auto:good%2Cw_2000/MTU3ODc5MDgwNzk1Nzc2MzI5/by-john-trumbull-2.jpg
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17434131826714Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson was the third president of the US from 1801 to 1809. He was the main author of the Declaration of Indepenence from 1776. The Republican Party was led by him. In 1828 the party was called Democrats - which is their name until today. Another important event was the "Louisiana Purchase" which redoubled the territory of the US. A highlight of his presidency was the expedition of Lewis & Clark. He allowed them to explore the territory from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean in order to colonize the country.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uAt1YLP3T34The American Dream The president,Thomas Jeffersonhttps://jrbenjamin.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/thomas-jefferson.jpstitlehttps://www.thetrace.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/thomas-jefferson-campus-carry.png
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177055Boston MassacreThe Boston Massacre was an incident in which five people were killed because of British troops who shot into a crowd. The colonies were upset because of the taxes the British wanted. So an angry crowd outside the Customs House in Boston caused panic among some soldiers. This incident led to the American Revolutionary War.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1b2oJOfEpm8
English book, WikipediaThe Boston Massacrehttps://www.google.de/search?q=boston+massacre&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwilg-WK87jgAhULwsQBHUXLDiUQ_AUIDigB&biw=1366&bih=654#imgrc=csIf7R_leokJQM:http://static1.squarespace.com/static/56b253fd3c44d880b1061856/587e367ed482e9eee8cc9a73/587e37cae6f2e195331f5fef/1516393088412/massacre-webbanner.jpg?format=1500w
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1773121617731216Boston Tea PartyThe Boston Tea Party was a political protest by a group called Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1773. The target was the Tea Act of May 10, 1773, which allowed the British East India company to sell tea from China in American colonies without paying taxes apart from those imposed by the Townshend Acts. American Patriots strongly opposed the taxes in the Townshend Act as a violation of their rights, because of that a group of men dressed up as Native Americans threw three loads of tea into the water.https://youtu.be/1cT_Z0KGhP8WikipediaShort explanation about the Boston Tea Partyhttps://d1e4pidl3fu268.cloudfront.net/6841baba-9440-4bc5-976d-df96364752a3/bostonteaparty.crop_900x675_0,12.preview.jpghttps://www.history.com/.image/t_share/MTU3ODc5MDg2Njk5NjUyODMx/by-nathaniel-currier.jpg
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17748181809101809Meriwether Lewis
Meriwether Lewis was an American discoverer, soldier and administrator. He is famous for the Lewis and Clark expedition which he planned and led. While he was there he discovered a lot of new plants (for example thge plant genus Lewisia is named after him The people learned more about the west and started to move to the west. He had big problems with alcohol after the expedition and died in 1809 because of this.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7g812xPfRIYouTubeMeriwether Lewishttps://api.ning.com/files/ZjjLUoH8OpDaIfsNnDSF3r2fueXPGUa8ZWbY2voqAqPA9W8-*t3ykeLJiIN1zAjqw4D-VHwFaqFSW-W2rSD7rPDFpRSXnGso/LCwaterfall.jpghttp://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/images/meriwether-lewis-2.jpg
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17751783The War of IndependenceThe War of Independence, also known as the American Revolutonary War, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its thirteen American colonies. It ended with the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776 and with a win for the colonies in 1783. But what caused the war? The British needed money because they had fought an expensive war in Europe. So they started to introduce new taxes. But that changed the relationship between them. After the Boston Tea Party, many soldiers were sent to America. But the sight of all the soldiers in the streets helped to unite the colonists. It gave them a new sense of identity as Americans who had had enough of foreign laws and needed to stand together. The rest is history...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gzALIXcY4pgYouTube (OverSimplified) , Wikipedia, English Bookhttps://www.history.com/.image/t_share/MTU3ODc5MDgyOTM4NDEwNzE5/american-revolution-hero.jpg
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17767426Independence DayThe Fourth of July, also called Independence Day, is a national holiday in the US. Every year on this day there are parades, parties and fireworks to celebrate the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence in 1776 by the colonists who lived along the east coast of America at that time. https://youtu.be/JeuU9s1xkVQEnglish Bookhttps://www.northeastern.edu/levelblog/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/plan-your-4th-of-july-weekend-houston-2017-696x407.jpghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg
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178818121220SacajaweaSacajawea was born as a Shoshone Indian, but was kidnapped as a child and sold to a fur trader from whom she had her first child when she was 16 years old. She took her newborn child with her on the expedition. She was used on the Lewis and Clark expedition as an interpreter and scout and helped to identify previously unknown plant and animal species.https://youtu.be/PnT0k9wdDZoWikipediaSacajaweahttps://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fs3.amazonaws.com%2Fs3.timetoast.com%2Fpublic%2Fuploads%2Fphotos%2F7333524%2F304594-the-story-of-sacagawea.jpg%3F1477917731&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.timetoast.com%2Ftimelines%2Fsacajawea-545a85a6-1f4b-47c2-95a6-6caee5f298fc&docid=TNIOs0DEwFDD9M&tbnid=5HeAhN5-IKabKM%3A&vet=10ahUKEwi9_IidnbngAhUBIVAKHe1zAFQQMwh6KDEwMQ..i&w=480&h=480&client=ms-android-samsung&bih=963&biw=1920&q=Sacajawea&ved=0ahUKEwi9_IidnbngAhUBIVAKHe1zAFQQMwh6KDEwMQ&iact=mrc&uact=8
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18045141806923The Lewis and Clark ExpeditionThe Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the "Corps of Discovery Expedition" was the first American expedition of the United States to the pacific coast and back. The Corps of Discovery was a selected group of US army volunteers under the command of Meriwether Lewis and his good friend William Clark. They explored the territory west of the Mississippi.https://youtu.be/D7vCQpqolXwWikipedia, English bookThe Meriwether Lewis & William Clark Expeditionhttps://www.americanet.de/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Lewis-Clark-Expedition-1168x580.jpg
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183118901215Sitting BullSitting Bull was a tribal chieftain and a medicine man of the Hunkpapa Lakota who led his people during years of resistance to United government policies. He also campaigned for reconciliation with former war opponents. He first became world famous for his work at the Battle of Little Bighorn (1876). Unfortunately, Sitting Bull was shot in 1890 during an attempted arrest.https://youtu.be/zuFp86Y2QgMWikipedia, English bookSitting Bullhttps://media.diepresse.com/images/uploads_620/4/c/b/4887755/Sitting-Bull-North-American-Indian-Chief-Indianer-Huptling-Stammeshuptling-Krieger-UnitedArc_1450180701457172.jpghttp://tonsoffacts.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/sitting-bull.jpg
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1848124185525Gold found in California James W. Marshall was the one who discovered gold near Coloma, California unexpectly. First nobody wanted to believe that this was real gold because people had made false claims about it before. But when the president reassured the found, the Gold Rush began. Many people moved to California in hope of getting rich but it was not easy to find gold. Only some people made a small fortune, others went home with nothing.http://www.virginiamemory.com/blogs/out_of_the_box/files/2010/10/Welcome-Nugget-IJ-398x400.jpgAmerica`s LibraryMany people thought to find big gold nuggets but it was hard to find gold at all https://www.spicherandco.com/images/D/11677%20BC%20California%20Gold%20Rush%20black.jpg
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1862520190624The Homestead ActThe Homestead Act is the law which allowed people from the age of 21 to claim land for farming in the west. It came into effect after Abraham Lincoln (President at that time) signed it on 20 May 1863. The Homestead Act gave 150 acres of farmland to 1.6 million American families. In 1906 it was passed again.http://www.sheryll.net/HA/ha_p01.jpggeschichte-wissenLetters from eastern oregon to get a overviewhttps://www.pinterest.de/pin/396809417162664876/#details?amp_client_id=amp-itFBUsIh5bLDESQMBWruDg&mweb_unauth_id=521d9fa3a8dc478db64746cf28af4403http://ushistoryscene.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/homestead-act.jpg
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18901229The Wounded Knee MassacreThe Battle of the Wounded Knee was a fight between the Native Americans and the US army. The army was sent into the area to take guns owned by the Lakota tribe. A gun fight broke out and Chief Sitting Bull was killed. About 300 Lakota and 25 soldiers were also killed. The battle took place at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota.https://i0.wp.com/werehistory.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/woundedknee.png?resize=700%2C467werehistoryThe Opening of the fight at Wounded Kneehttps://cdn.brainpop.com/socialstudies/ushistory/woundedkneemassacre/screenshot1.pnghttps://daily.jstor.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/wounded_knee_march_1050x700.jpg
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1492Native Americans' LifestyleThe Native Americans were the first settlers. In1492 Christopher Columbus reached America and met the Native Americans. So how did they live? The first Indian tribes wandered across the Bering Strait and spread down the southern part of South America. At this time it was particularly cold, so they had to make clothes to keep safe from the cold. - What about the eating habits? The tribes that lived on the Great Plains often ate buffallo. In contrast, the south western ones ate corn, beans and squashes. They made it in ovens they built out of hot stones, or they simply let it dry. Native Americans wore for example Buffallo or rabbit skin, or decorated their heads with bird feathers. Tropical ones wore skirts or nothing. Their religion was to believe that there were mysterious forces and spirits in nature, and they had ceremonies to get enough food or to get enough rain.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6J5YahZqoZYEnglishOnlineSource: https://www.offthegridnews.com/extreme-survival/native-america-survival-secrets-how-they-cooked-without-metal/https://settlersinthewest.weebly.com/uploads/1/2/8/0/12806962/3903139_orig.jpeg
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14921500How Native Americans lived in this time periodNative Americans lived in clans or in groups. Every single group had its own traditions and its own language and every single group had a leader which decided about the lifestyle of the group or the roles of the other group mates. Most Native Americans believed in spirits and they thought that people should live in harmony with nature. They had many special customs.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oYlNsdAG5sMHistory Centralhttps://20401z3eigij1ugd3g2szg83-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/native-cooking-2.jpg
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177071183881William ClarkWilliam Clark was one of the leaders of the "Lewis and Clark Expedition" (1804-1806) across the Louisiana Purchase to the Pacific Ocean. He lived from 1770 to 1838 and was born in Caroline County, Virginia, and he was the ninth of ten kids by John and Ann Rogers Clark. He claimed the Pacific Northwest for the United States but after this expedition he started a military career from 1822 until his death that approached while he was serving for the Bureau of Indian Affairs.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_ClarkWikipedia,English bookHe was not only one of the leaders of the Lewis and Clark Expiditionhttps://youtu.be/Ync88CRd8Uwtitlehttps://www.biography.com/.image/c_fill%2Ccs_srgb%2Cfl_progressive%2Ch_400%2Cq_auto:good%2Cw_620/MTE5NDg0MDU1MjMyMjg0MTc1/william-clark-9542620-1-402.jpg
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18766251876626The Battle of the Little BighornThe Battle of the Little Bighorn was the last chance for the Indians to win the war against the colonists.Between the 25th and 26th June George Armstrong Custer,the leader of the U.S. Army,lost the fight against different Indian tribes (Dakota-Sioux,lakota-Sioux,Arapaho and Cheyenne) next to the river "Little Bighorn".At this time the Natives won their last battle before the colonists started their revenge.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Little_BighornWikipediaThe Battle of the little Bighornhttps://goo.gl/images/jgYbZohttps://www.history.com/.image/t_share/MTU3ODc5MDg0MDEzMTM1NTgz/custers-last-stand-2.jpg
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