ABCDEF
2
QRP Shall I decrease transmitter power?Decrease transmitter power.all
3
CodeQuestionAnswerNoticeAdviceDomain
4
QAB May I have clearance (for ____) from ____ (*place*) to ____ (*place*) at
flight level/altitude ____ ?
You are cleared (*or* ____ is cleared) by ____ from ____ (*place*) to ____ (
*place*) at flight level/altitude ____.
aeronautical
5
QAF Will you advise me when you are (were) at (over) ____ (*place*)?I am (was) at (over) ____ (*place*) (at ____ hours) at flight level /
altitude ____.
aeronautical
6
QAG Arrange your flight in order to arrive over ____ (*place*) at ____ hours.

*or*
I am arranging my flight in order to arrive over ____ (*place*) at ____
hours.
aeronautical
7
QAH What is your height above ____ (*datum*)?I am at ____ flight level / altitude ____.

*or*
Arrange your flight so as to reach flight level / altitude ____ at ____ (*hours
or place*).
aeronautical
8
QAI What is the essential traffic respecting my aircraft?The essential traffic respecting your aircraft is ____.aeronautical
9
QAK Is there any risk of collision?There is risk of collision.aeronautical
10
QAL Are you going to land at ____ (*place*)?

*or*
Has aircraft ____ landed at ____ (*place*)?
I am going to land at ____ (*place*).

*or*
(You may) land at ____ (*place*).
*or*
Aircraft ____ landed at ____ (*place*).
aeronautical
11
QAM What is the latest available meteorological observation for ____ (*place*)?Meteorological observation made at ____ (*place*) at ____ hours was as
follows ____.[a]
aeronautical
12
QAN What is the surface wind direction and speed at ____ (*place*)?The surface wind direction and speed at ____ (*place*) at ____ hours is
____ (*direction*) ____ (*speed*).
aeronautical
13
QAO What is the wind direction in degrees TRUE and speed at ____ (*position or
zone/s*) at each of the ____ (*figures*) ____ (*units*) levels above ____ (
*datum*)?
The wind direction and speed at (*position or zone/s*) at flight
level/altitude ____ is:
____ (vertical distance) ____ degrees TRUE ____ (*speed*).
aeronautical
14
QAP Shall I listen for you (*or* for ____) on ____ kHz (____ MHz)?Listen for me (*or* for ____) on ____ kHz (____ MHz).aeronautical
15
QAQ Am I near a prohibited, restricted, or danger area?

*or*
Am I near area ____ (*identification of area*)?
You are ____ (*number*) area ____ (*identification of area*).
1. near
2. flying within
aeronautical
16
QAR May I stop listening on the watch frequency for ____ minutes?You may stop listening on the watch frequency for ____ minutes.aeronautical
17
QAU Where may I jettison fuel?I am about to jettison fuel.

*or*
Jettison fuel in ____ (*area*).
aeronautical
18
QAW I am about to carry out overshoot procedure.aeronautical
19
QAY Will you advise me when you pass (passed) ____ (*place*) bearing 090 (270)
degrees relative to your heading?
I passed ____ (*place*) bearing ____ degrees relative to my heading at ____
hours.
aeronautical
20
QAZ Are you experiencing communication difficulties through flying in a storm?I am experiencing communication difficulties through flying in a storm.aeronautical
21
QBA What is the horizontal visibility at ____ (*place*)?The horizontal visibility at ____ (*place*) at ____ hours is ____ (*distance
figures and units*).
aeronautical
22
QBB What is the amount, type and height above official aerodrome elevation of
the base of the cloud [at ____ (*place*)]?
The amount, type and height above official aerodrome elevation of the base
of the cloud at ____ (*place*) at ____ hours is:
____ eights (____ type) at ____ (*figures and units*) height above official
aerodrome elevation.
aeronautical
23
QBC Report meteorological conditions as observed from your aircraft [at ____ (*position
or zone*)] [(at ____ hours)].
The meteorological conditions as observed from my aircraft at ____ (*position
or zone*) at ____ hours at ____ (*figures and units*) height above ____ (
*datum*) are ____.[b]
aeronautical
24
QBD How much fuel have you remaining (*expressed as hours and/or minutes of
consumption*)?
My fuel will endure for ____ (*hours and/or minutes*).aeronautical
25
QBE I am about to wind in my aerial.aeronautical
26
QBF Are you flying in cloud?I am flying in cloud at ____ flight level/altitude ____ [and I am ascending
(descending) to flight level/altitude ____].
aeronautical
27
QBG Are you flying above cloud?I am flying above cloud and at flight level/altitude ____.

*or*
Maintain a vertical distance of ____ (*figures and units*) above clouds,
smoke, haze or fog levels.
aeronautical
28
QBH Are you flying below cloud?I am flying below cloud and at flight level/altitude ____.

*or*
Maintain a vertical distance of ____ (*figures and units*) below cloud.
aeronautical
29
QBI Is flight under IFR compulsory at ____ (*place*) [*or* from ____ to ____ (
*place*)]?
Flight under IFR is compulsory at ____ (*place*) [*or* from ____ to ____ (
*place*)].
aeronautical
30
QBJ What is the amount, type and height above ____ (*datum*) of the top of the
cloud [at ____ (*position or zone*)]?
At ____ hours at ____ (*position or zone*) the top of the cloud is:
amount ____ eights (____ type) at ____ (*figures and units*) height above
____ (*datum*).
aeronautical
31
QBK Are you flying with no cloud in your vicinity?I am flying with no cloud in my vicinity and at flight level/altitude ____.aeronautical
32
QBM Has ____ sent any messages for me?Here is the message sent by ____ at ____ hours.aeronautical
33
QBN Are you flying between two layers of cloud?I am flying between two layers of cloud and at flight level / altitude
____.
aeronautical
34
QBO What is the nearest aerodrome at which flight under VFR is permissible and
which would be suitable for my landing?
Flying under VFR is permissible at ____ (*place*) which would be suitable
for your landing.
aeronautical
35
QBP Are you flying in and out of cloud?I am flying in and out of cloud and at flight level/altitude ____.aeronautical
36
QBS Ascend (*or* descend) to ____ (*figures and units*) height above ____ (
*datum*) before encountering instrument meteorological conditions or if
visibility falls below ____ (*distance figures and units*) and advise.
aeronautical
37
QBT What is the runway visual range at ____ (*place*)?The runway visual range at ____ (*place*) at ____ hours is ____ (*distance
figures and units*).
aeronautical
38
QBV Have you reached flight level/altitude ____ [*or* ____ (*area or place*)]?I have reached ____ flight level/altitude ____ [*or* ____ (*area or place*
)].

*or*
Report reaching flight level/altitude ____ [*or* ____ (*area or place*)].
aeronautical
39
QBX Have you left ____ flight level/altitude ____ [*or* ____ (*area or place*)]?I have left ____ flight level/altitude ____ [*or* ____ (*area or place*)].

*or*
Report leaving flight level/altitude ____ [*or* ____ (*area or place*)].
aeronautical
40
QBZ Report your flying conditions in relation to clouds.*The reply to* QBZ ? *is given by the appropriate answer form of signals*
QBF, QBG, QBH, QBK, QBN *and* QBP.
aeronautical
41
QCA May I change my flight level/altitude from ____ to ____ ?You may change your flight level/altitude from ____ to ____

*or*
I am changing my flight level/altitude from ____ to ____.
aeronautical
42
QCB Delay is being caused by ____.
1. you're transmitting out of turn.
2. your slowness in answering.
3. lack of your reply to my ____.
aeronautical
43
QCE When may I expect approach clearance?Expect approach clearance at ____ hours.

*or*
No delay expected.
aeronautical
44
QCF Delay indefinite. Expect approach clearance not later than ____ hours.aeronautical
45
QCH May I taxi to ____ (*place*)?Cleared to taxi to ____ (*place*).aeronautical
46
QCI Make a 360-degree turn immediately (turning to the ____).

*or*
I am making a 360-degree turn immediately (turning to the ____).
aeronautical
47
QCS My reception on ____ frequency has broken down.aeronautical
48
QCX What is your full call sign?My full call sign is ____ .

*or*
Use your full call sign until further notice.
aeronautical
49
QCY I am working on a trailing aerial.

*or*
Work on a trailing aerial.
aeronautical
50
QDB Have you sent message ____ to ____ ?I have sent message ____ to ____.aeronautical
51
QDF What is your D-Value at ____ (*position*)?

*or*
What is the D-Value at ____ (*place or position*) (at ____ hours) for the
____ millibar level?
My D-Value at ____ (*position*) at ____ (*figures and units*) height above
the 1013.2 millibars datum is ____ (*D-Value figures and units*) ____ (*specify
plus or minus*).

*or*
The D-Value at ____ (*place or position*) at ____ hours for the ____
millibar level is (*D-Value figures and units*) ____ (*specify plus or
minus*).[c]
aeronautical
52
QDL Do you intend to ask me for a series of bearings?I intend to ask you for a series of bearings.aeronautical
53
QDM Will you indicate the *magnetic* heading for me to steer towards you (*or*
____) with no wind?
The *magnetic* heading for you to steer to reach me (*or* ____) with no
wind was ____ degrees (at ____ hours).
aeronautical
54
QDP Will you accept control (*or* responsibility) of (for) ____ now (*or* at
____ hours)?
I will accept control (*or* responsibility) of (for) ____ now (*or* at ____
hours).
aeronautical
55
QDR What is my *magnetic* bearing from you (*or* from ____)?Your *magnetic* bearing from me (*or* from ____) was ____ degrees (at ____
hours).
aeronautical
56
QDT Are you flying in visual meteorological condition?I am flying in visual meteorological condition.

*or*
You are cleared subject to maintaining own separation and visual
meteorological conditions.
aeronautical
57
QDU Cancelling my IFR flight.

*or*
IFR flight cancelled at ____ (*time*).
aeronautical
58
QDV Are you flying in a flight visibility of less than ____ (*figures and units*)?I am flying in a flight visibility of less than ____ (*figures and units*)
at flight level/altitude ____
aeronautical
59
QEA May I cross the runway ahead of me?You may cross the runway ahead of you.aeronautical
60
QEB May I turn at the intersection?Taxi as follows at the intersection ____.
(straight ahead DRT
turn left LEFT
turn right RIGHT).
aeronautical
61
QEC May I make a 180-degree turn and return down the runway?You may make a 180-degree turn and return down the runway.aeronautical
62
QED Shall I follow the pilot vehicle?Follow the pilot vehicle.aeronautical
63
QEF Have I reached my parking area?

*or*
Have you reached your parking area?
You have reached your parking area.

*or*
I have reached my parking area.
aeronautical
64
QEG May I leave the parking area?

*or*
Have you left the parking area?
You may leave the parking area.

*or*
I have left the parking area.
aeronautical
65
QEH May I move to the holding position for runway number ____ ?

*or*
Have you moved to the holding position for runway number ____ ?
Cleared to the holding position for runway number ____

*or*
I have moved to the holding position for runway number ____.
aeronautical
66
QEJ May I assume position for take-off?

*or*
Have you assumed position for take-off?
Cleared to hold at take-off position for runway number ____.

*or*
I am assuming take-off position for runway number ____ and am holding.
aeronautical
67
QEK Are you ready for immediate take-off?I am ready for immediate take-off.aeronautical
68
QEL May I take-off (and make a ____ hand turn after take-off)?You are cleared to take-off (turn as follows after take-off ____).aeronautical
69
QEM What is the condition of the landing surface at ____ (*place*)?The condition of the landing surface at ____ (*place*) is ____.[d]aeronautical
70
QEN Shall I hold my position?Hold your positionaeronautical
71
QEO Shall I clear the runway (*or* landing area)?

*or*
Have you cleared the runway (*or* landing area)?
Clear the runway (*or* landing area).

*or*
I have cleared the runway (*or* landing area).
aeronautical
72
QES Is a right-hand circuit in force at ____ (*place*)?A right-hand circuit is in force at ____ (*place*).aeronautical
73
QFA What is the meteorological forecast for ____ (*flight, route, section of
route or zone*) for the period ____ hours until ____ hours?
The meteorological forecast for ____ (*flight, route, section of route or
zone*) for the period ____ hours until ____ hours is ____.
aeronautical
74
QFB The ____
1) approach
2) runway
3) approach and runway
lights are out of order.
aeronautical
75
QFC What is the amount, the type and the height above ____ (*datum*) of the
base of the cloud at ____ (*place, position or zone*)?
At ____ (*place, position or zone*) the base of the cloud is ____ eighths
____ type at ____ (*figures and units*) height above ____ (*datum*).
aeronautical
76
QFD 1. Is the ____ visual beacon [at ____ (*place*)] in operation?
2. Will you switch on the ____ visual beacon [at ____ (*place*)]?
3. Will you extinguish the aerodrome visual beacon [at ____ (*place*)]
until I have landed?
1. The ____ visual beacon [at ____ (*place*)] is in operation
2. I will extinguish the aerodrome visual beacon [at ____ (*place*)] until
your landing is completed.
aeronautical
77
QFE What should I set on the subscale of my altimeter so that the instrument
would indicate its height above the reference elevation being used?
If you set the subscale of your altimeter to read ____ millibars, the
instrument would indicate its height above aerodrome elevation (above
threshold, runway number ____).
aeronautical
78
QFF [At ____ (*place*)] what is the present atmospheric pressure converted to
mean sea level in accordance with meteorological practice?
At ____ (*place*) the atmospheric pressure converted to mean sea level in
accordance with meteorological practice is (*or* was determined at ____
hours to be) ____ millibars.
aeronautical
79
QFG Am I overhead?You are overhead.aeronautical
80
QFH May I descend below the clouds?You may descend below the clouds.aeronautical
81
QFI Are the aerodrome lights lit?The aerodrome lights are lit.

*or*
Please light the aerodrome lights.
aeronautical
82
QFL Will you send up pyrotechnical lights?I will send up pyrotechnical lights.aeronautical
83
QFM What flight level/altitude ____.
1. should I maintain?
2. are you maintaining?
3. do you intend cruising at?
____ ____.

1. Maintain (*or* fly at) flight level / altitude ____.
2. I am maintaining flight level / altitude ____
3. I intend cruising at flight level/altitude ____.
aeronautical
84
QFO May I land immediately?You may land immediately.aeronautical
85
QFP Will you give me the latest information concerning ____ facility [at ____ (
*place*)]?
The latest information concerning ____ facility [at ____ (*place*)] is as
follows ____.[e]
aeronautical
86
QFQ Are the approach and runway lights lit?The approach and runway lights are lit.

*or*
Please light the approach and runway lights.
aeronautical
87
QFR Does my landing gear appear damaged?Your landing gear appears damaged.aeronautical
88
QFS Is the radio facility at ____ (*place*) in operation?The radio facility at ____ (*place*) is in operation (*or* will be in
operation in ____ hours).

*or*
Please have the ____ radio facility at ____ (*place*) put in operation.
aeronautical
89
QFT Between what heights above ____ (*datum*) has ice formation been observed
[at ____ (*position or zone*)]?
Ice formation has been observed at ____ (*position or zone*) in the type of
____ and with an accretion rate of ____ between ____ (*figures and units*)
and ____ (*figures and units*) heights above ____ (*datum*).
aeronautical
90
QFU What is the *magnetic* direction (*or* runway number) of the runway to be
used?
The *magnetic* direction (*or* runway number) of the runway to be used is
____.[f]
aeronautical
91
QFV Are the floodlights switched on?The floodlights are switched on.

*or*
Please switch on the floodlights.
aeronautical
92
QFW What is the length of the runway in use in ____ (*units*)?The length of runway ____ now in use is ____ (*figures and units*).aeronautical
93
QFX I am working (*or* am going to work) on a fixed aerial.

*or*
Work on a fixed aerial.
aeronautical
94
QFY Please report the present meteorological landing conditions [at ____ (
*place*)].
The present meteorological landing conditions at ____ (*place*) are ____.[g]aeronautical
95
QFZ What is the aerodrome meteorological forecast for ____ (*place*) for the
period ____ hours until ____ hours?
The aerodrome meteorological forecast for ____ (*place*) for the period
____ hours until ____ hours is ____.[h]
aeronautical
96
QGC There are obstructions to the ____ of ____ runway ____.aeronautical
97
QGD Are there on my track any obstructions whose elevation equals or exceeds my
altitude?
There are obstructions on your track ____ (*figures and units*) height
above ____ (*datum*).
aeronautical
98
QGE What is my distance to your station (*or* to ____)?Your distance to my station (*or* to ____) is ____ (*distance figures and
units*).
aeronautical
99
QGH May I land using ____ (*procedure or facility*)?You may land using ____ (*procedure or facility*).aeronautical
100
QGK What track should I make good?

*or*
What track are you making good?
Make good a track from ____ (*place*) on ____ degrees ____ (*true or
magnetic*).

*or*
I am making good a track from ____ (*place*) on ____ degrees ____ (*true or
magnetic*).
aeronautical
101
QGL May I enter the ____ (*control area or zone*) at ____ (*place*)?You may enter the ____ (*control area or zone*) at ____ (*place*).aeronautical