Darwin Core - List of terms
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#CategoryTerm nameTerm definitionTerm examplesTerm URItype
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1rootdcterms:typeThe nature or genre of the resource. For Darwin Core, recommended best practice is to use the name of the class that defines the root of the record."StillImage", "MovingImage", "Sound", "PhysicalObject", "Event"http://purl.org/dc/terms/typexs:string
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2rootdcterms:modifiedThe most recent date-time on which the resource was changed. For Darwin Core, recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E)."1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007.http://purl.org/dc/terms/modifiedxs:dateTime
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3rootdcterms:languageA language of the resource. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as RFC 4646 [RFC4646]."en" for English, "es" for Spanish.http://purl.org/dc/terms/languagexs:string
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4rootdcterms:licenseInformation about rights held in and over the resource. Typically, rights information includes a statement about various property rights associated with the resource, including intellectual property rights."Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License".http://purl.org/dc/terms/rightsxs:string
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5rootdcterms:rightsHolderA person or organization owning or managing rights over the resource."The Regents of the University of California."http://purl.org/dc/terms/rightsHolderxs:string
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6rootdcterms:accessRightsInformation about who can access the resource or an indication of its security status. Access Rights may include information regarding access or restrictions based on privacy, security, or other policies."not-for-profit use only"http://purl.org/dc/terms/accessRightsxs:string
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7rootdcterms:bibliographicCitationA bibliographic reference for the resource as a statement indicating how this record should be cited (attributed) when used. Recommended practice is to include sufficient bibliographic detail to identify the resource as unambiguously as possible."Ctenomys sociabilis (MVZ 165861)" for a specimen, "Oliver P. Pearson. 1985. Los tuco-tucos (genera Ctenomys) de los Parques Nacionales Lanin y Nahuel Huapi, Argentina Historia Natural, 5(37):337-343." for a Taxonhttp://purl.org/dc/terms/bibliographicCitationxs:string
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8rootdcterms:referencesA related resource that is referenced, cited, or otherwise pointed to by the described resource."http://mvzarctos.berkeley.edu/guid/MVZ:Mamm:165861"; "http://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/show_species_details.php?record_id=6197868".http://purl.org/dc/terms/references
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9rootinstitutionIDAn identifier for the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionIDxs:string
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10rootcollectionIDAn identifier for the collection or dataset from which the record was derived. For physical specimens, the recommended best practice is to use the identifier in a collections registry such as the Biodiversity Collections Index (http://www.biodiversitycollectionsindex.org/)."urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34818"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionIDxs:string
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11rootdatasetIDAn identifier for the set of data. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a collection or institution.http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetIDxs:string
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12rootinstitutionCodeThe name (or acronym) in use by the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record."MVZ", "FMNH", "AKN-CLO", "University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP)"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionCodexs:string
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13rootcollectionCodeThe name, acronym, coden, or initialism identifying the collection or data set from which the record was derived."Mammals", "Hildebrandt", "eBird"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionCodexs:string
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14rootdatasetNameThe name identifying the data set from which the record was derived."Grinnell Resurvey Mammals", "Lacey Ctenomys Recaptures"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetNamexs:string
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15rootownerInstitutionCodeThe name (or acronym) in use by the institution having ownership of the object(s) or information referred to in the record."NPS", "APN", "InBio"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ownerInstitutionCodexs:string
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16rootbasisOfRecordThe specific nature of the data record - a subtype of the dcterms:type. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Darwin Core Type Vocabulary (http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/type-vocabulary/index.htm)."PreservedSpecimen", FossilSpecimen", LivingSpecimen", "HumanObservation", "MachineObservation"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basisOfRecordxs:string
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17rootinformationWithheldAdditional information that exists, but that has not been shared in the given record."location information not given for endangered species", "collector identities withheld", "ask about tissue samples"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/informationWithheldxs:string
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18rootdataGeneralizationsActions taken to make the shared data less specific or complete than in its original form. Suggests that alternative data of higher quality may be available on request."Coordinates generalized from original GPS coordinates to the nearest half degree grid cell"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dataGeneralizationsxs:string
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19rootdynamicPropertiesA list (concatenated and separated) of additional measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about the record. Meant to provide a mechanism for structured content such as key-value pairs."tragusLengthInMeters=0.014; weightInGrams=120", "heightInMeters=1.5", "natureOfID=expert identification; identificationEvidence=cytochrome B sequence", "relativeHumidity=28; airTemperatureInC=22; sampleSizeInKilograms=10", "aspectHeading=277; slopeInDegrees=6", "iucnStatus=vulnerable; taxonDistribution=Neuquen, Argentina"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dynamicPropertiesxs:string
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20OccurrenceoccurrenceIDAn identifier for the Occurrence (as opposed to a particular digital record of the occurrence). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the occurrenceID globally unique.For a specimen in the absence of a bona fide global unique identifier, for example, use the form: "urn:catalog:[institutionCode]:[collectionCode]:[catalogNumber]. "urn:lsid:nhm.ku.edu:Herps:32", "urn:catalog:FMNH:Mammal:145732"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceIDdwc:nonEmptyString
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21OccurrencecatalogNumberAn identifier (preferably unique) for the record within the data set or collection."2008.1334", "145732a", "145732"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/catalogNumberxs:string
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22OccurrenceoccurrenceRemarksComments or notes about the Occurrence."found dead on road"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceRemarksxs:string
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23OccurrencerecordNumberAn identifier given to the Occurrence at the time it was recorded. Often serves as a link between field notes and an Occurrence record, such as a specimen collector's number."OPP 7101"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordNumberxs:string
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24OccurrencerecordedByA list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations responsible for recording the original Occurrence. The primary collector or observer, especially one who applies a personal identifier (recordNumber), should be listed first."Oliver P. Pearson; Anita K. Pearson" where the value in recordNumber "OPP 7101" corresponds to the number for the specimen in the field catalog (collector number) of Oliver P. Pearson.http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordedByxs:string
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25OccurrenceindividualIDAn identifier for an individual or named group of individual organisms represented in the Occurrence. Meant to accommodate resampling of the same individual or group for monitoring purposes. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a data set."U.amer. 44", "Smedley", "Orca J 23"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualIDdwc:nonEmptyString
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26OccurrenceindividualCountThe number of individuals represented present at the time of the Occurrence."1", "25"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualCountxs:positiveInteger
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27OccurrencesexThe sex of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary."female", "hermaphrodite", "8 males, 4 females"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sexxs:string
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28OccurrencelifeStageThe age class or life stage of the biological individual(s) at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary."egg", "eft", "juvenile", "adult", "2 adults 4 juveniles"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lifeStagexs:string
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29OccurrencereproductiveConditionThe reproductive condition of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.Examples" "non-reproductive", "pregnant", "in bloom", "fruit-bearing"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/reproductiveConditionxs:string
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30OccurrencebehaviorA description of the behavior shown by the subject at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary."roosting", "foraging", "running"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/behaviorxs:string
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31OccurrenceestablishmentMeansThe process by which the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence became established at the location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary."cultivated", "invasive", "escaped from captivity", "wild", "native"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/establishmentMeansxs:string
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32OccurrenceoccurrenceStatusA statement about the presence or absence of a Taxon at a Location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary."present", "absent"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceStatusxs:string
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33OccurrencepreparationsA list (concatenated and separated) of preparations and preservation methods for a specimen."skin; skull; skeleton", "whole animal (ETOH); tissue (EDTA)", "fossil", "cast", "photograph", "DNA extract"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/preparationsxs:string
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34OccurrencedispositionThe current state of a specimen with respect to the collection identified in collectionCode or collectionID. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary."in collection", "missing", "voucher elsewhere", "duplicates elsewhere"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dispositionxs:string
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35OccurrenceotherCatalogNumbersA list (concatenated and separated) of previous or alternate fully qualified catalog numbers or other human-used identifiers for the same Occurrence, whether in the current or any other data set or collection."FMNH:Mammal:1234", "NPS YELLO6778; MBG 33424"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/otherCatalogNumbersxs:string
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36OccurrencepreviousIdentificationsA list (concatenated and separated) of previous assignments of names to the Occurrence."Anthus sp., field ID by G. Iglesias; Anthus correndera, expert ID by C. Cicero 2009-02-12 based on morphology"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/previousIdentificationsxs:string
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37OccurrenceassociatedMediaA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of media associated with the Occurrence."http://arctos.database.museum/SpecimenImages/UAMObs/Mamm/2/P7291179.JPG"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedMediaxs:string
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38OccurrenceassociatedReferencesA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, bibliographic reference, global unique identifier, URI) of literature associated with the Occurrence."http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/322/5899/261", "Christopher J. Conroy, Jennifer L. Neuwald. 2008. Phylogeographic study of the California vole, Microtus californicus Journal of Mammalogy, 89(3):755-767."http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedReferencesxs:string
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39OccurrenceassociatedOccurrencesA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers of other Occurrence records and their associations to this Occurrence."sibling of FMNH:Mammal:1234; sibling of FMNH:Mammal:1235"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedOccurrencesxs:string
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40OccurrenceassociatedSequencesA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of genetic sequence information associated with the Occurrence."GenBank: U34853.1"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedSequencesxs:string
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41OccurrenceassociatedTaxaA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers or names of taxa and their associations with the Occurrence."host: Quercus alba"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedTaxaxs:string
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42EventeventIDAn identifier for the set of information associated with an Event (something that occurs at a place and time). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventIDdwc:nonEmptyString
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43EventsamplingProtocolThe name of, reference to, or description of the method or protocol used during an Event."UV light trap", "mist net", "bottom trawl", "ad hoc observation", "point count", "Penguins from space: faecal stains reveal the location of emperor penguin colonies, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2009.00467.x", "Takats et al. 2001. Guidelines for Nocturnal Owl Monitoring in North America. Beaverhill Bird Observatory and Bird Studies Canada, Edmonton, Alberta. 32 pp.", "http://www.bsc-eoc.org/download/Owl.pdf"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingProtocolxs:string
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44EventsamplingEffortThe amount of effort expended during an Event."40 trap-nights", "10 observer-hours; 10 km by foot; 30 km by car"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingEffortxs:string
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45EventeventDateThe date-time or interval during which an Event occurred. For occurrences, this is the date-time when the event was recorded. Not suitable for a time in a geological context. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E)."1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007.http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventDatexs:dateTime
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46EventeventTimeThe time or interval during which an Event occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E)."14:07-0600" is 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "08:40:21Z" is 8:40:21am UTC, "13:00:00Z/15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1pm UTC and 3:30pm UTC.http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventTimexs:time
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47EventstartDayOfYearThe earliest ordinal day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366)."1" (=1 Jan), "366" (=31 Dec), "365" (=30 Dec in a leap year, 31 Dec in a non-leap year)http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/startDayOfYeardwc:dayOfYearDataType
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48EventendDayOfYearThe latest ordinal day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366)."1" (=1 Jan), "366" (=31 Dec), "365" (=30 Dec in a leap year, 31 Dec in a non-leap year)http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/endDayOfYeardwc:dayOfYearDataType
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49EventyearThe four-digit year in which the Event occurred, according to the Common Era Calendar."2008"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/yearxs:gYear
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50EventmonthThe ordinal month in which the Event occurred."1" (=January), "10" (=October)http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/monthxs:gMonth
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51EventdayThe integer day of the month on which the Event occurred."9", "28"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dayxs:gDay
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52EventverbatimEventDateThe verbatim original representation of the date and time information for an Event."spring 1910", "Marzo 2002", "1999-03-XX", "17IV1934"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimEventDatexs:string
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53EventhabitatA category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred."oak savanna", "pre-cordilleran steppe"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitatxs:string
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54EventfieldNumberAn identifier given to the event in the field. Often serves as a link between field notes and the Event."RV Sol 87-03-08"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNumberxs:string
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55EventfieldNotesOne of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event."notes available in Grinnell-Miller Library"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNotesxs:string
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56EventeventRemarksComments or notes about the Event."after the recent rains the river is nearly at flood stage"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventRemarksxs:string
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57dcterms:LocationlocationIDAn identifier for the set of location information (data associated with dcterms:Location). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationIDdwc:nonEmptyString
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58dcterms:LocationhigherGeographyIDAn identifier for the geographic region within which the Location occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an persistent identifier from a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names."TGN: 1002002" for Prov. Tierra del Fuego, Argentinahttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeographyIDdwc:nonEmptyString
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59dcterms:LocationhigherGeographyA list (concatenated and separated) of geographic names less specific than the information captured in the locality term."South America; Argentina; Patagonia; Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi; Neuquén; Los Lagos" with accompanying values "South America" in Continent, "Argentina" in Country, "Neuquén" in StateProvince, and Los Lagos in County.http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeographyxs:string
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60dcterms:LocationcontinentThe name of the continent in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names or the ISO 3166 Continent code."Antarctica"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/continentxs:string
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61dcterms:LocationwaterBodyThe name of the water body in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names."Indian Ocean", "Baltic Sea"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/waterBodyxs:string
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62dcterms:LocationislandGroupThe name of the island group in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names."Alexander Archipelago"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/islandGroupxs:string
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63dcterms:LocationislandThe name of the island on or near which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names."Isla Victoria"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/islandxs:string
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64dcterms:LocationcountryThe name of the country or major administrative unit in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names."Denmark", "Colombia", "España"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/countryxs:string
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65dcterms:LocationcountryCodeThe standard code for the country in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use ISO 3166-1-alpha-2 country codes."AR" for Argentina, "SV" for El Salvadorhttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/countryCodexs:string
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66dcterms:LocationstateProvinceThe name of the next smaller administrative region than country (state, province, canton, department, region, etc.) in which the Location occurs."Montana", "Minas Gerais", "Córdoba"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/stateProvincexs:string
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67dcterms:LocationcountyThe full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than stateProvince (county, shire, department, etc.) in which the Location occurs."Missoula", "Los Lagos", "Mataró"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/countyxs:string
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68dcterms:LocationmunicipalityThe full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than county (city, municipality, etc.) in which the Location occurs. Do not use this term for a nearby named place that does not contain the actual location."Holzminden"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/municipalityxs:string
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69dcterms:LocationlocalityThe specific description of the place. Less specific geographic information can be provided in other geographic terms (higherGeography, continent, country, stateProvince, county, municipality, waterBody, island, islandGroup). This term may contain information modified from the original to correct perceived errors or standardize the description."Bariloche, 25 km NNE via Ruta Nacional 40 (=Ruta 237)"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/localityxs:string
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70dcterms:LocationverbatimLocalityThe original textual description of the place."25 km NNE Bariloche por R. Nac. 237"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLocalityxs:string
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71dcterms:LocationverbatimElevationThe original description of the elevation (altitude, usually above sea level) of the Location."100-200 m"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimElevationxs:string
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72dcterms:LocationminimumElevationInMetersThe lower limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters."100"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumElevationInMetersxs:double
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73dcterms:LocationmaximumElevationInMetersThe upper limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters."200"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumElevationInMetersxs:double
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74dcterms:LocationverbatimDepthThe original description of the depth below the local surface."100-200 m"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimDepthxs:string
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75dcterms:LocationminimumDepthInMetersThe lesser depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters."100"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDepthInMetersxs:double
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76dcterms:LocationmaximumDepthInMetersThe greater depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters."200"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDepthInMetersxs:double
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77dcterms:LocationminimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersThe lesser distance in a range of distance from a reference surface in the vertical direction, in meters. Use positive values for locations above the surface, negative values for locations below. If depth measures are given, the reference surface is the location given by the depth, otherwise the reference surface is the location given by the elevation.1.5 meter sediment core from the bottom of a lake (at depth 20m) at 300m elevation; VerbatimElevation: "300m" MinimumElevationInMeters: "300", MaximumElevationInMeters: "300", VerbatimDepth: "20m", MinumumDepthInMeters: "20", MaximumDepthInMeters: "20", DistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersMinimum: "0", DistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersMaximum: "-1.5"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersxs:double
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78dcterms:LocationmaximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersThe greater distance in a range of distance from a reference surface in the vertical direction, in meters. Use positive values for locations above the surface, negative values for locations below. If depth measures are given, the reference surface is the location given by the depth, otherwise the reference surface is the location given by the elevation.1.5 meter sediment core from the bottom of a lake (at depth 20m) at 300m elevation; VerbatimElevation: "300m" MinimumElevationInMeters: "300", MaximumElevationInMeters: "300", VerbatimDepth: "20m", MinumumDepthInMeters: "20", MaximumDepthInMeters: "20", DistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersMinimum: "0", DistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersMaximum: "-1.5"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMetersxs:double
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79dcterms:LocationlocationAccordingToInformation about the source of this Location information. Could be a publication (gazetteer), institution, or team of individuals."Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names", "GADM"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationAccordingToxs:string
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80dcterms:LocationlocationRemarksComments or notes about the Location."under water since 2005"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationRemarksxs:string
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81dcterms:LocationverbatimCoordinatesThe verbatim original spatial coordinates of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem."41 05 54S 121 05 34W", "17T 630000 4833400"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinatesxs:string
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82dcterms:LocationverbatimLatitudeThe verbatim original latitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem."41 05 54.03S"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLatitudexs:string
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83dcterms:LocationverbatimLongitudeThe verbatim original longitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem."121d 10' 34" W"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLongitudexs:string
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84dcterms:LocationverbatimCoordinateSystemThe spatial coordinate system for the verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude or the verbatimCoordinates of the Location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary."decimal degrees", "degrees decimal minutes", "degrees minutes seconds", "UTM"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinateSystemxs:string
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85dcterms:LocationverbatimSRSThe ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which coordinates given in verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude, or verbatimCoordinates are based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown"."EPSG:4326", "WGS84", "NAD27", "Campo Inchauspe", "European 1950", "Clarke 1866"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimSRSxs:string
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86dcterms:LocationdecimalLatitudeThe geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive."-41.0983423"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitudedwc:decimalLatitudeDataType
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87dcterms:LocationdecimalLongitudeThe geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive."-121.1761111"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitudedwc:decimalLongitudeDataType
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88dcterms:LocationgeodeticDatumThe ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which the geographic coordinates given in decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude as based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown"."EPSG:4326", "WGS84", "NAD27", "Campo Inchauspe", "European 1950", "Clarke 1866"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geodeticDatumxs:string
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89dcterms:LocationcoordinateUncertaintyInMetersThe horizontal distance (in meters) from the given decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude describing the smallest circle containing the whole of the Location. Leave the value empty if the uncertainty is unknown, cannot be estimated, or is not applicable (because there are no coordinates). Zero is not a valid value for this term."30" (reasonable lower limit of a GPS reading under good conditions if the actual precision was not recorded at the time), "71" (uncertainty for a UTM coordinate having 100 meter precision and a known spatial reference system).http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinateUncertaintyInMetersxs:double
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90dcterms:LocationcoordinatePrecisionA decimal representation of the precision of the coordinates given in the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude."0.00001" (normal GPS limit for decimal degrees), "0.000278" (nearest second), "0.01667" (nearest minute), "1.0" (nearest degree)http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinatePrecisionxs:string
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91dcterms:LocationpointRadiusSpatialFitThe ratio of the area of the point-radius (decimalLatitude, decimalLongitude, coordinateUncertaintyInMeters) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given point-radius does not completely contain the original representation. The pointRadiusSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left blank) if the original representation is a point without uncertainty and the given georeference is not that same point (without uncertainty). If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the pointRadiusSpatialFit is 1.Detailed explanations with graphical examples can be found in the "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing", Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006 (http://www.gbif.org/prog/digit/Georeferencing).http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/pointRadiusSpatialFitdwc:spatialFitDataType
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92dcterms:LocationfootprintWKTA Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the shape (footprint, geometry) that defines the Location. A Location may have both a point-radius representation (see decimalLatitude) and a footprint representation, and they may differ from each other.the one-degree bounding box with opposite corners at (longitude=10, latitude=20) and (longitude=11, latitude=21) would be expressed in well-known text as POLYGON ((10 20, 11 20, 11 21, 10 21, 10 20))http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintWKTxs:string
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93dcterms:LocationfootprintSRSA Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the Spatial Reference System (SRS) for the footprintWKT of the Location. Do not use this term to describe the SRS of the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude, even if it is the same as for the footprintWKT - use the geodeticDatum instead.The WKT for the standard WGS84 SRS (EPSG:4326) is "GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984",DATUM["D_WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS_1984",6378137,298.257223563]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]]" without the enclosing quotes.http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSRSxs:string
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94dcterms:LocationfootprintSpatialFitThe ratio of the area of the footprint (footprintWKT) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given footprint does not completely contain the original representation. The footprintSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left blank) if the original representation is a point and the given georeference is not that same point. If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the footprintSpatialFit is 1.Detailed explanations with graphical examples can be found in the "Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing", Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006 (http://www.gbif.org/prog/digit/Georeferencing).http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSpatialFitdwc:spatialFitDataType
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95dcterms:LocationgeoreferencedByA list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who determined the georeference (spatial representation) for the Location."Kristina Yamamoto (MVZ); Janet Fang (MVZ)", "Brad Millen (ROM)"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedByxs:string
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96dcterms:LocationgeoreferencedDateThe date on which the Location was georeferenced. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E)."1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007.http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedDate
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97dcterms:LocationgeoreferenceProtocolA description or reference to the methods used to determine the spatial footprint, coordinates, and uncertainties."Guide to Best Practices for Georeferencing" (Chapman and Wieczorek, eds. 2006), Global Biodiversity Information Facility.", "MaNIS/HerpNet/ORNIS Georeferencing Guidelines", "BioGeomancer"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceProtocolxs:string
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98dcterms:LocationgeoreferenceSourcesA list (concatenated and separated) of maps, gazetteers, or other resources used to georeference the Location, described specifically enough to allow anyone in the future to use the same resources."USGS 1:24000 Florence Montana Quad; Terrametrics 2008 on Google Earth"http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceSourcesxs:string
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99dcterms:LocationgeoreferenceVerificationStatusA categorical description of the extent to which the georeference has been verified to represent the best possible spatial description. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary."requires verification", "verified by collector", "verified by curator".http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceVerificationStatusxs:string
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