CYANOCOST 001
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WG1 Occurrence of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins
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WG Heads: Jussi Meriluoto (Leader), Kaarina Sivonen (Deputy)
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Training in development and validation of advanced analytical and molecular techniques (LC-MS/MS, ELISA, PCR, sandwich hybridization assays, DNA chip assays etc).
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Standardization and harmonization activities (CEN – ISO, ISO 17025).
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Spreading awareness in remote sensing of cyanobacterial blooms.
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Presence of toxic cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins with emphasis on invasive cyanobacteria and emerging toxins.
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Main Achievements - Deliverables:
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A Handbook of methods for the detection-determination of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins.
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Guidelines for validation requirements of methods.
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Workshop on cyanotoxin-cyanobacteria monitoring (e.g remote sensing, chemical and molecular biology methods).
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Articles, reviews, contributions to the Book of the Action.
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WG2: Fate, impact and health effects
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WG Heads: Geoffrey Codd (Leader), Zorica Svircev (Deputy)
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Ecosystem effects caused by harmful algal blooms and toxins, also in estuarine and transitional waters (effects especially on fish, fishery and aquaculture that deserve much more attention).
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Adverse human health effects caused by harmful algal blooms and toxins (much is known on the molecular and cellular level but not on the organism level; also mixtures of agents need further attention).
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Potential exposure routes: drinking and recreational (both with European legislation), through the food web (not in legislation yet) as well as new routes of exposure, e.g. inhalation of aerosols during water sports.
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Main Achievements - Deliverables:
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Articles and reviews in peer-reviewed scientific journals.
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Contributions to the Book that will be created within the COST Action.
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Substantial feed of information and results to all other WGs.
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Increase of awareness for public authorities and citizens.
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WG3 : Prevention and control measures
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WG Heads: Petra Visser (Leader), Anastasia Hiskia (Deputy)
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Integrated catchment management approaches.
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Proactive measures in the lake such as nutrient reduction strategies and techniques, hydrophysical methods, biological remediation with emphasis on ecological, “green” technologies.
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Water treatment methods such as adsorption (e.g. activated carbon), membrane filtration (Ultra, Nano-filtration, reverse osmosis), chemical oxidation (ClO2, O3 etc), advanced oxidation processes (e.g. photocatalytic, UV-H2O2).
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Evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of the above techniques taking into consideration human health and ecological issues.
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Main Achievements - Deliverables:
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Handbook of “Best Practices” for prevention and control of toxic cyanobacterial blooms.
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Evaluation of cost-effectiveness, feasibility and scaling up prospects of control measures.
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Articles to journals, contributions to the Book of the Action.
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Substantial input to the Decision Support Tool (WG4).
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WG4: End-user and outreach tools, materials and products.
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WG Heads: Antonio Quesada (Leader), Luc Brient (Deputy)
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Development of a European Database that will include all related information about European research in the field, management measures and their evaluation, national risk management policies in use in the EU and in neighbouring states, including guidelines and legislation, methods etc.
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Testing, revision, improvement and dissemination of a decision support tool (DST) for toxic cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins based on the Water Safety Plan (WSP) concept of WHO, which has been initially developed in a previous EU-Project. Translation into national languages.
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Development of factsheets, recognition guides, manuals for user- and professional groups (water industry, medical community, fisheries, sports associations, the general public).
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Main Achievements - Deliverables:
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European Database for cyanobacteria-cyanotoxins.
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Decision support tool (DST).
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Recommendations for future research programs and actions.
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Dissemination of knowledge to end-users and stakeholders.
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All information will be made available in a dedicated Action’s website .
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Objectives
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Template, examples
Europe-wide
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