Endangered Species & Fragile Ecosystems
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SAFARI
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AddaxEthiopian WolfMountain GorillaPygmy HippopotamusAfrican Wild Dog
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Scientific Name:
Addax nasomaculatus

Status:
Critically Endangered

Threats:
Uncontrolled hunting and harassment. Also drought and the extension of pastoralism.

Population:
Less than 300 animals surviving in the wild.

Habitats:


Places & Countries:
Chad, Mauritania, Niger.

Also known as the white antelope and the screwhorn antelope, the addax lives in the Sahara desert.

What WWF is doing:

How you can help:

Link:
Scientific Name:
Canis simensis

Status:
Endangered

Threats:
Loss of habitat (agriculture), disease epizootics and hybridization with domestic dogs.

Population:
400-550 individuals

Habitats:

Places & Countries:
Endemic to the Ethiopian highlands.

A canid native to the Ethiopian Highlands. It is similar to the coyote in size and build, and is distinguished by its long and narrow skull, and its red and white fur.


What WWF is doing:

How you can help:

Link:
Scientific Name:
Gorilla beringei

Status:
Critically Endangered

Threats:
Habitat loss, Hunting & Trade (poaching, pet trade and illegal hunting (bushmeat)), Disease and Weak Law Enforcement

Only 17% of the gorilla population currently lives in protected regions, and vast areas of gorilla forest have already been lost. That destruction continues as logging companies clear areas for the timber trade, the mining and oil and gas industries move into gorilla territory, and local people cut down trees to make room for agricultural fields and livestock.


Population:
100,000 to 200,000

Habitats:
Forest

Places & Countries:
Congo Basin – The Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda.

The Mountain Gorilla is a subspecies of the eastern gorilla. There are only two populations left on Earth.


What WWF is doing:
PREVENTING POACHING AND ILLEGAL WILDLIFE TRADE, DEVELOPING TOURISM, MONITORING POPULATIONS, PRESERVING HABITAT

How you can help:
Adopt a gorilla, support WWF, Fundraise

Link:
http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/gorilla
Scientific Name:
Choeropsis liberiensis

Status:
Endangered

Threats:
Deforestation for farming and logging + bushmeat hunting.

Population:
The latest estimate (1993 survey) is pretty much outdated (2000-3000 pygmy hippos). Since the population trend is on a decrease, fewer than 2000 individuals is probably more accurate (although this stat is clearly approximate).

Habitats:

Places & Countries:
Endemic to West Africa; Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire, and Liberia.

Reclusive and nocturnal, the pygmy hippo is semi-aquatic and relies on proximity to water to keep its skin moisturised and its body temperature cool.

What WWF is doing:

How you can help:

Link:
Scientific Name:
Lycaon pictus

Status:
Endangered

Threats:
Conflict with human activities and infectious disease (e.g. rabies). Major threats to the survival of wild dogs include accidental and targeted killings by humans, viral diseases like rabies and distemper, habitat loss and competition with larger predators like lions. Conflicts occur when wild dogs come in contact with people whose livelihoods rest largely on livestock and agriculture. Problems arise when expanding human activities decrease the habitat for available prey for wild dogs.

Population:
6,600

Habitats:
Forest Habitat, Grasslands, Deserts

Places & Countries:
Coastal East Africa – Native to Botswana; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Senegal; South Africa; Sudan; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe.

The African wild dog is a highly social animal, living in packs with separate dominance hierarchies for males and females. Uniquely among social carnivores, it is the females rather than the males that scatter from the natal pack once sexually mature, and the young are allowed to feed first on carcasses.


What WWF is doing:
Creation of protected areas and protection of major wildlife corridors benefit species such as the African wild dog. In southern Tanzania and northern Mozambique, WWF works to protect important wildlife corridors between major game reserves. We also work to reduce conflict with humans.

How you can help:
Adopt a Wild Dog, support WWF, Fundraise

Link:
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Black RhinocerosCheetahAfrican LionAfrican Penguin (Jackass Penguin)African Elephant
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Scientific Name:
Diceros bicornis

Status:
Critically Endangered

Threats:
Mainly poaching for its horn and “medicinal” value (China & Vietnam).

Population:
Has declined by over 90% over the last 60 odd years. Current estimation is at roughly 4180 black rhinos.

Habitats:

Places & Countries:
Kenya; Namibia; South Africa; Tanzania; Zimbabwe.

Although the rhinoceros is referred to as ‘black’, its colours vary from brown to grey.


What WWF is doing:

How you can help:

Link:
Scientific Name:
Acinonyx jubatus

Status:
Vulnerable

Threats:
Habitat loss, fragmentation and human conflict (mainly farmers).

Population:
10 000-15 000. Cheetahs are believed to have lost over 76% of their historic range on the continent.

Habitats:

Places & Countries:
Algeria; Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Central African Republic; Chad; The Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ethiopia; Islamic Republic of Iran; Kenya; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; United Republic of Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe.


What WWF is doing:

How you can help:

Link:
Scientific Name:
Panthera leo

Status:
Vulnerable

Threats:
Poisoning to protect local livestock (Refer to Furadan), prey base depletion, habitat loss and trophy hunting.

Population:
Best estimate is 20 000-23 000. Such a pity, especially when you consider their number 50 years ago (450 000 lions; a loss of +/- 95%).

Habitats:

Places & Countries:
Most of sub-Saharan Africa.


What WWF is doing:

How you can help:

Link:
Scientific Name:
Spheniscus demersus

Status:
Vulnerable

Threats:
Commercial fisheries and oil spills.

Population:
72 000 birds.

Habitats:

Places & Countries:
Angola; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa.


What WWF is doing:

How you can help:

Link:
Scientific Name:
Loxodonta africana

Status:
Vulnerable

Threats:
Poaching for ivory and meat + loss of habitat.

Population:
470 000-690 000

Habitats:

Places & Countries:
Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo; Côte d’Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe.


What WWF is doing:

How you can help:

Link:
http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/african-wild-dog
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http://africafreak.com/top-10-most-endangered-animal-species-in-africa/
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http://africafreak.com/top-10-most-endangered-animal-species-in-africa-part-two/
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