Tramping RAMS
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RisksHazardsControls
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Unfit Students struggles on the tripThe student slows down or gets over tired and gets susceptible to a number of hazardsConfirm students fitness prior to going on trip and modifing the trip
Watch the students energy levels and adjust group speed as required
Have plenty of food stops to keep energy up
Carry some of the students gear
Have way points where the group regroups
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Coming on trips without the basic gear neededThe student cant cover the normal conditions in a tramp. In an extreme state may cause the tramp to be cancelledMake sure the student is given a gear list prior to the trip
Talk to the students about if there are people who don't have the gear
Use club gear if available
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Wet weatherStudents get wet then cold, their gear gets wet and they are cold until the tramp ends.Make sure the student has water proof bags in their packs (take spares)
Make sure the students have a good rain coat
Make sure the students have try clothes to get into at the end of the day
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Cold weatherThe students get cold and need to be taken out or kept in a dry warm areaMake sure the students take gear for cold weather
If its cold, check that the students are not getting to cold
Get them to put more gear on, if needed
Get them to eat more and to have a hot drink if possible
cancel the trip if needbe
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Snow on the topsThe students maynot be skilled to walk in snow and fall, avalanche, get coldPrior to taking students on tramps where there is snow, provide snow 1 lesions in a safe environment (Tararua lodge)
Instructors talk amongst themselves on the risk of snow travel and the terrain
Turn back or cancel the trip
Take a different route
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Rivers are up or difficult to crossThe students get swept away by the currentInstructors assess the river hazard away from the students.
Instructors teach students how to cross rivers safely (prior to having to use the skill)
Instructors assist students to cross
Don't cross the river
Find alternative route out, make camp or go back to the previous place (Hut, roadend)
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Students get sun burntThe students get sun burnt and are in painGet students to bring suntan lotion
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Reaction to insect bitesGet students to take bug repellent
Get students to carry antihistamine
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Student is injured while trampingStudent can't continue tramping at all or without assistanceTake first aid kit
One instuctor goes for help while the other looks after the students.
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Students get separated from group and lostStudent is lot for days or not found at allStop the tramp, identify when the student was last with the group
Talk to the students about what to do if they get lost. STOP.
Get S&R involved
Have way points so the group regroups
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The weather forces the trip to stay extra nights in the bushFood starts to run out and Parents become concernedTake extra food
Call parents as soon as back in cellphone range
Call chief guide as soon as back in cellphone range
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A student falls on an exposed areaStudent is badly injured or diesCall S&R in
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Students is frightened by the environmentStudent is discouraged from tramping in the futureTalk to the student often and help them where possible
Alter trip plan in extreme cases to increase comfort level
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Student gets very cold/wetDidn't bring sufficient clothing on the day. Clothing brought but not worn.1) Brief students/parents on clothing requirements, 2) Instructors to monitor student comfort levels, 3) Leader to curtail or cancel session if students are becoming cold and do not have sufficient clothing for the day. 4) Leader to organise warm drinks (flask or stove)?
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Student gets hypothermiaStudent dies or takes a long time to recoverLook for symptons, get the student to put more cloths on, get them to eat something, get them to drink a warm (not hot) drink, get the student into a warm envornment, get them out of wet clothes, etc
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The trip is late in getting outParents become concernedCall parents as soon as back in cellphone range
Call chief guide as soon as back in cellphone rang
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Gets burnt on by fire or potbellyStudent gets burns to their body and are in paintake pain killers
put burnt area in cold water eg river or cold water in a pot
if real bad get S&R to take the student out
Make sure they have their boots on around the cooker or fire
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Medical emergencyasthma attack, diabetic, etc.Check for medical conditions in consent form. Ensure instructors are aware of medical conditions (circulate a student list on the day).
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dehydration/low blood sugar no water or food source, exercise and heatensure students have adequate water and food, and drink regularly
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Student gets hypoglycemiaStudent dies or takes a long time to recovermake sure the student eats regularly to keep sugar level up
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