Youth Tramping - Risk Management
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RisksHazardsControls
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Unfit student struggles on the tripThe student slows down, or gets over tired, or becomes susceptible to fatigue/exhaustionConfirm students fitness prior to going on trip and modifing the trip
Watch the students energy levels and adjust group speed as required
Have plenty of food/water stops to keep energy up
Carry some of the students gear
Set waypoints where the party regroups
Carry radios to communicate across all groups Get the fit students who have reached the destination to come back and carry tired students packs.
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Dehydration / hypoglycemiaExhaustion / fatigue / dizziness / shockCheck all students are carrying enough water and snacks for the intended route
Ensure adequate breaks for water and sugar intake
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Coming on trips without the basic gear neededThe student is not equipped for potential conditions in a tramp. Raises risks of hypothermia, injury (e.g. blisters) leading to slow travel.Make sure the student is given a gear list prior to the trip
Talk to the students about if there are people who don't have the gear
Use club gear if available
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Wet weatherStudents get wet then cold, their gear gets wet and they are cold until the tramp ends.Make sure the student has water proof bags in their packs (take spares)
Make sure the students have a good rain coat
Make sure the students have try clothes to get into at the end of the day
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Cold/wet weatherHypothermia, frostbite, cold exhaustionCarry tents on the party as emergency shelter
Put on more clothes before needed, e.g. at bushline
Periodically check students are not getting too cold and eat occasionally
If anyone shows signs of hypothermia, treat immediately by getting into shelter and sleeping bag and warm drink if possible
Adjust trip plan as needed
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Snow on the topsSlide/fall, slower travel, need to navigate, hypothermiaEnsure students have received snowcraft training before going on tramps where there is likely to be snow
Instructors to assess risks at the start of the day and from time to time during any day of travel on snowy terrain
Take a different route or turn back or cancel the trip
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Flooded rivers/sidestreamsDrowning, swept away, hypothermiaInstructors to set route which avoids rivers if flooding expected
Instructors to assess crossing hazards at each river and stream crossing
Instructors teach students how to cross rivers safely (prior to having to use the skill)
Instructors assist students to cross
Delay or avoid river crossings by changing the route or remaining at a hut
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Students get sun burntsun burn, heat strokeStudents advised to bring appropriate sun protection
Instructors to minimise time in open sun if students not well-equipped
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Insect bites/stingsReaction / allergic reaction to insect bitesGet students to take bug repellent
Get students to carry antihistamine
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Injured while trampingStudent can't continue tramping at all or without assistanceInstructors carrying first aid kit and PLB
One instuctor goes for help while the other looks after the students.
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Students get separated from group and lostLostPut instructors at front and back of group, in radio contact.
Instruct students on the route and where to stop for regrouping.
Ensure all students are guided through hazardous sections by instructors
Talk to the students about stopping if they get lost.
Activate PLB or contact Search and Rescue
Carry radios to communicate across all groups
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The weather forces the trip to stay extra nights in the bushFood starts to run out and Parents become concernedPoint of emergency contact provided for parents/caregivers
Take extra food
Call emergency contact with status as soon as possible
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Student is frightened / anxious about the tripStudent is discouraged from tramping in the futureTalk to students and check level of comfort with the activity
Alter the activity as needed in cases of extreme anxiety
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Burns and scalds (fire, stove)Burn injuryAdvise students to be careful when cooking
Organise groups to not all cook at the same time
Assess burn for severity and treat with first aid
If a serious burn (extent, site of injury) activate PLB
Make sure students are wearing boots when around a campfire
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Medical emergencyasthma attack, diabetic, etc.Check for medical conditions in consent form.
Ensure instructors are aware of medical conditions (circulate a student list on the day).
Carry radios to communicate across all groups
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