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Item TypeTitleAuthor typeAuthor1 lastAuthor1 firstAuthor2 lastAuthor2 firstAdditional Author notesAbstractSeriesSeries NumberVolume# of VolumesEditionPlace of publicationPublisherDate of Publication# of PagesLanguageISBN or ISSNURLCall numberRightsAdditional notes, context, informationSource of original citationKeywords
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book
The immigrant experience : personal recollections of Jewish garment workers in Canada, 1900-1930
AuthorGrizzleStanleyCooperJohnThis thesis is concerned with the lives of East European Jews who came to Canada in search of better living and working conditions. The period under review is 1900-1930. The study is based on the personal recollections of over fifty informants ranging in age from 65 to 90 years. The initial purpose was to discover why so many Jewish immigrants had chosen to work in the clothing factories of Montreal and Toronto. As the research progressed the reasons for choice of occupation faded into the background and their experiences in surmounting new problems became of paramount importance. In order to fully understand the motivations and actions of these people, this thesis investigates, through the media of taped interviews, the lives of Jewish immigrants in the Pale of Settlement. The Jews had been confined to the Pale for many years hence they were not only isolated but insulated from the wider politica happenings of the last two centuries. Their awakening, at the end of the 19th and early 20th century, through wars and consequent occupations, set their sights beyond the villages and towns in which they lived toward cities across borders and oceans. This thesis explores some of the historical roots and traditions of a people, why they tenaciously clung to their identity and their ability to start life all over again. The purpose is to convey a sense of living which a few people experienced even though millions emigrated to Canada and the United States at the turn of the century. The focus is on revealing the lives of workers in the Old Country, their journeying to the New World, and their experiences in Canada adjusting to a new setting. Utilizing the words of informants wherever possible the concern is not only to convey what their lives were like but also to show how they themselves reflect upon their past: the need to give meaning to one's actions is always unconsciously present in the recounting. Photographs are used throughout in order to give a further dimension to the words of these immigrants. A Glossary is appended giving meanings of Yiddish and other language words used. A Bibliography of references cited is also appended.Vancouver
University of British Columbia
1980en
https://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/831/items/1.0094684
M.A. thesisDoug Vaisey
Eastern European Jews, personal reflections of fifty participants, Montreal, Toronto
3
Thesis
Of Outcasts and Ambassadors: the Making of Portuguese Diaspora in Postwar North America
AuthorFernandesGilbertoHow can a small peripheral government with few material resources assert itself as a geopolitical player in an era of rising global governance and dwindling nation-state sovereignty? This was the question in the minds of Portuguese officials when developing their foreign policies in the aftermath of the Second World War and again after the Revolution of the Carnations of April 25, 1974. In their case the answer was similar in both contexts: tie Portuguese nationhood with imperial and diasporic imaginings, and develop a national diaspora with close ties with the homeland and its government. This study examines the social, cultural, religious, economic, and political processes by which Portugal's Estado Novo dictatorship laid the foundations for the diasporic discourse and institutions that followed the end of the colonial empire and the introduction of a new democratic political order after 1974. I will focus on the role played by homeland diplomats, ethnic entrepreneurs, Catholic missionaries, political activists and other transnational intermediaries in shaping a diasporic consciousness among the Portuguese communities of eastern Canada - Toronto and Montreal - and northeastern United States - New Bedford, Fall River, Boston, Providence, Newark, and other cities in New England and the Greater New York City area. This dissertation also engages with current discussions in the field of migration studies, especially those related with diaspora, transnationalism, and nation-state, as well as ethnicity, class, and race, and introduces an imperial and homeland dimension to our frame of analysis. The period examined (1950s-70s) covers the inauguration of Portuguese mass migration to Canada and its resurgence to the United States; the rise of large international governing bodies, rival Cold War superpowers and their spheres of influence; the Portuguese Colonial Wars in Africa and the downfall of settler colonialism; the emergence of cultural pluralism and identity politics in Canada and parts of the United States; the radicalization of the Portuguese "anti-fascist" opposition; and the revolutionary transition to democracy in Portugal. These larger processes framed the local, national, and transnational histories of Portuguese immigrants in North America and had significant impact in the development of their diasporic communities, consciousness, and identities.TorontoYork University08 2015434En
http://hdl.handle.net/10315/29870
Ph.D. DissertationGilberto Fernandes
Portugal, Portuguese, Azorean, Azores, Diaspora, Transnationalism, Migration, Ethnicity, Race, Elites, Cape Verdean, Nation-state, Globalization, Diplomacy, Nationalism, Multiculturalism, Civil rights, Ethnic revivalism, Affirmative action, Dictatorship, Estado Novo, Salazar, Empire, Imperialism, Public memory, Lusotropicalism, Lusophony, Radicals, Ethnic entrepreneurs, War resister, Draft dodgers, Migration policy, Minorities, National parish, Catholic priests, Mutual aid societies, Propaganda, Carnations Revolution
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Journal ArticleMoving the "Less Desirable": Portuguese Mass Migration to Canada, 1953-74AuthorFernandesGilberto
The sovereignty of migration policy-makers is never absolute. This has been true for both receiving and sending states. One important check on the receiving nation’s immigration policy implementation was the sending nation’s own sovereignty over its expatriated citizens. These colliding sovereignties have sometimes created liminal spaces where migrants and their informal facilitators were able to subvert regulations by playing them against each other, while, at other times, they were pressed between formal gatekeepers bent on enforcing their policies. This bilateral dimension is often missing from Canadian immigration history, as is the role of homeland government officials, who brokered and supervised these migrant movements while conciliating the roles of gatekeepers and facilitators. This is especially significant when it involved authoritarian governments, such as Portugal’s Estado Novo dictatorship (1926–74). How did Ottawa’s relatively liberal immigration policies correspond with the Estado Novo’s authoritarian stance on emigration? How did Portuguese officials influence the movement of its emigrants in Canada? How did the migrants react to the concerted top-down arrangements of two imposing governments? This article examines these and other questions in reference to the Portuguese ‘‘bulk order’’, family sponsorship, and clandestine movements to Canada between 1953 and 1974.
Toronto
The Canadian Historical Review 96, 3 University of Toronto Press
09 201536En
https://muse.jhu.edu/article/591430
Gilberto Fernandes
Migration policy, Bureaucrats, Diplomats, Labour, Portuguese, Bulk order migration, Clandestine migration, Family sponsorship, War resisters
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BlogpostPortuguese Politics in the CityAuthorFernandesGilbertoOn the complex political history of Portuguese immigrants in Toronto in the 1950s-80s.TorontoLiving Toronto24 04 2014En
https://livingtorontojournal.com/2014/04/24/portuguese-politics-in-the-city/
Gilberto Fernandes
Portuguese, Politics, Anti-fascists, Dictatorship, Homeland, Transnationalism, Revolution, Radicals, Media, Priests, Catholic Church, Labour, Elections
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Thesis
Not Ashamed or Afraid: Portuguese Immigrant Women in Toronto's Cleaning Industry, 1950s-1995
AuthorMirandaSusanaPortuguese immigrant women occupied a niche in Toronto's cleaning industry, including both domestic and building cleaning, from the 1960s to the 1990s. This thesis examines the working and organizational experiences of Portuguese women in these sectors. Women's labour was crucial to the Portuguese immigrant family economy. Their workplace activism was framed by their positions as wives and mothers dedicated to the financial well-being of their families. They also acted as female immigrant workers seeking justice and dignity in the workplace. Portuguese immigrant women had an effect on larger Canadian society by positively shaping the domestic and building cleaning sectors, influencing unions and politicians to respond to the concerns of immigrant workers, as well as influencing the community work agenda of social service agencies. Portuguese immigrant women actively shaped the day domestic cleaning occupation, and made it more contractual, and less of a 'servant' experience by limiting tasks, reducing hours, increasing their wages, cultivating their 'expertise' in the occupation, as well as establishing more equitable relationships with employers. Conversely, Portuguese building cleaners were contract workers, which meant job insecurity, and low wages. Portuguese women attempted to improve their working lives in this sector by forging links with community activists, joining unions, and calling on the state to act in their interests. Their activism was aided by a new progressive community agency and labour context in the 1970s. Influenced by the Christian Left, and new ideas about consciousness-raising community work, social service workers created new programs, such as Cleaners' Action , to help immigrants mediate their encounters with dominant society. As a result, progressive unions became more interested in organizing in the cleaning industry. Through the lens of Portuguese women's workplace experiences, my dissertation provides insight into the period after the Second World War, including the expansion of the service industry, the modernization of domestic work, how the more conservative economic context of the 1970s and 1980s impacted immigrants in building cleaning, how unions became more responsive to immigrant and female workers, the rise of progressive community work, and of immigrant women's labour activism within this context.TorontoYork University06 2010EnGilberto Fernandes
Portuguese, Women, Cleaners, Janitorial, Workers, Labour, Unions, Strike, Immigration, Domestics, Social workers, Ethnicity
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Book Section
Chapter 7, "Portuguese Women's Activism in Toronto's Building Cleaning Industry, 1975-1986," Carlos Teixeira and Victor M. P. da Rosa (eds.), The Portuguese in Canada: Diasporic Challenges and Adjustment
AuthorMirandaSusana2ndToronto
University of Toronto Press
200926En978-0-8020-9560-2Gilberto Fernandes
Portuguese, Women, Cleaners, Workers, Immigration, Labour, Unions, Strike
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Book Section
Chapter 4, "Refuge and Subsistence in an Urban Borderland," Reclaiming the Don: an Environmental History of Toronto's Don River Valley
AuthorBonnellJenniferToronto
University of Toronto Press
201437En978-1-4426-1225-9Gilberto Fernandes
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BookSuch Hardworking People: Italians in Postwar TorontoAuthorIacovettaFrancaKingston-Montreal
McGill-Queen's University Press
1992278En0-7735-1145-8Gilberto Fernandes
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Journal Article
A Platform for Gender Tensions: Women Working and Riding on Canadian Urban Public Transit in the 1940s
AuthorDavisDonaldLorenzkowskiBarbaraToronto
The Canadian Historical Review 79, 3, University of Toronto Press
199834EnGilberto Fernandes
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Book
Toronto, The Belfastof Canada: The Orange Order and the Shaping of Municipal Culture
AuthorSmythWilliamToronto
University of Toronto Press
2015306En978-1-4426-1468-0Gilberto Fernandes
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Journal ArticleThe Political Economy of Land Development in Nineteenth Century TorontoAuthorSanfordBarbara
Urban History Review 16, 1
198716EnGilberto Fernandes
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Journal Article
The Impact of Cholera on the design and Implementation of Toronto's First Municipal By-Laws
AuthorAtkinsonLogan
Urban History Review 30, 2
200212EnGilberto Fernandes
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Book
The Revenge of the Methodist Bicycle Company: Sunday Streetcars and Municipal Reform in Toronto, 1888-1897
AuthorArmstrongChristopherNellesH.V.Toronto
Oxford University Press
1977EnGilberto Fernandes
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Book
Becoming Modern: The Industrial Exhibition and the Shaping of a Late Victorian Culture
AuthorWaldenKeithToronto
University of Toronto Press
1997EnGilberto Fernandes
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BookThe Chinese in Toronto from 1878: From Outside to Inside the CircleAuthorChanArleneTorontoDundurn2011EnGilberto Fernandes
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Book
Sweatshop Strife: Class, Ethnicity, and Gender in the Jewish Labour Movement in Toronto, 1900-1939
AuthorFragerRuthToronto
University of Toronto Press
1992EnGilberto Fernandes
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Journal Article
Locating Diaspora: Afro-Caribbean Narratives of Migration and Settlement in Toronto, 1914-1929
AuthorToneyJared
Urban History Review 38, 2
201012EnGilberto Fernandes
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BookToronto's Girl Problem: The Perils and Pleasures in the City, 1880-1930AuthorStrangeCarolynToronto
University of Toronto Press
1995EnGilberto Fernandes
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Journal Article
Battling "the Bane of our Cities": Class Territory, and the Prohibition Debate in Toronto, 1877"
AuthorSendbuehlerM.P.
Urban History Review 22, 1
10 199318EnGilberto Fernandes
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BookUnplanned Suburbs: Toronto's American Tragedy, 1900-1950AuthorHarrisRichardBaltimore
John Hopkins University Press
1996En978-0801862823Gilberto Fernandes
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BookThe Caribbean Diaspora in Toronto: Learning to Live With RacismAuthorHenryFrancesToronto
University of Toronto Press
1994EnGilberto Fernandes
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Book Section
"The Islands," Urban Explorations: Environmental Histories of the Toronto Region
AuthorSandbergAndersBockingStephen
Coates, Colin; Cruikshank, Ken
Hamilton
L.R. Wilson Institute for Candian History
2014En978-1-926633-66-4Gilberto Fernandes
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Book
My Name's Not George: The Story of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters in Canada. Personal Reminiscences of Stanley G. Grizzle
AuthorGrizzleStanleyCooperJohnStanley Grizzle worked for 20 years as a sleeping car porter on the Canadian Pacific Railway. This is the story of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters in Canada, the first trade union in Canada organized by and for Black men.TorontoUmbrella Press1998127En895642-23-XAnna Larson
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Book
Cracked: How Telephone Operators Took on Canada's Largest Corporation... and Won!
AuthorRobertsJoanJoan Roberts, a former operator in Toronto, describes the campaign to unionize Bell Canada's operators. The victory at Bell established new standards for women in other "pink collar" jobs.TorontoDundurn2015382En978-1-4597-3172-1Anna Larson
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BookA Black Man's Toronto 1914-1980: The Reminiscences of Harry GaireyAuthorGaireyHarryInterviews edited by and introduction by Donna Hill. Gairey was a CPR porter and community activist on anti-discrimination and immigration issues. Toronto
Multicultural History Society of Ontario
198143En0-919045-03-0Anna Larson
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