2019 Misinformation Survey Raw Data
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1
Language
How concerned are you with online *misinformation and **disinformation? *Misinformation refers to false or misleading information presented as truth that’s shared mistakenly by people who are unaware that it’s false. **Disinformation refers to false, inaccurate, or misleading information designed, presented, and promoted to intentionally cause public harm or for profit.
Do you think you have seen misinformation while using the internet in the last week?
Filter bubble:How familiar are you with these terms? 1 = not at all familiar, 5 = very familiar
Misinformation:How familiar are you with these terms? 1 = not at all familiar, 5 = very familiar
Disinformation:How familiar are you with these terms? 1 = not at all familiar, 5 = very familiar
Algorithmic curation:How familiar are you with these terms? 1 = not at all familiar, 5 = very familiar
Fake News:How familiar are you with these terms? 1 = not at all familiar, 5 = very familiar
Targeted Advertising:How familiar are you with these terms? 1 = not at all familiar, 5 = very familiar
Clickbait:How familiar are you with these terms? 1 = not at all familiar, 5 = very familiar
Do you think thwarting the spread of misinformation online is possible?
Governments:Whose job do you think it is to tackle misinformation? Rank these in order of responsibility ( 1 = most responsible, 6 = least responsible):
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities):Whose job do you think it is to tackle misinformation? Rank these in order of responsibility ( 1 = most responsible, 6 = least responsible):
Individual internet users:Whose job do you think it is to tackle misinformation? Rank these in order of responsibility ( 1 = most responsible, 6 = least responsible):
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter):Whose job do you think it is to tackle misinformation? Rank these in order of responsibility ( 1 = most responsible, 6 = least responsible):
Press/journalists:Whose job do you think it is to tackle misinformation? Rank these in order of responsibility ( 1 = most responsible, 6 = least responsible):
Other (write in "Comments" section below):Whose job do you think it is to tackle misinformation? Rank these in order of responsibility ( 1 = most responsible, 6 = least responsible):
Who do you think is best equipped to solve the misinformation problem?
Other - Write In:Who do you think is best equipped to solve the misinformation problem?
Data collected about me online benefits me.:Do you agree or disagree with the following statements:
Data collected about my browsing habits can be used to target me with disinformation.:Do you agree or disagree with the following statements:
I feel like my online activity is being watched.:Do you agree or disagree with the following statements:
Having my data collected provides a benefit to society as a whole.:Do you agree or disagree with the following statements:
I am always asked for my consent before data is collected about me online.:Do you agree or disagree with the following statements:
I feel that I understand what data is being collected about me and who has access to it.:Do you agree or disagree with the following statements:
It’s OK for companies to buy or sell information about me or my interests.:Do you agree or disagree with the following statements:
My trust in news and political information has decreased.:Do you agree or disagree with the following statements:
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.:What do you think would be useful to you to help tackle misinformation (select all that apply)?
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.:What do you think would be useful to you to help tackle misinformation (select all that apply)?
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.:What do you think would be useful to you to help tackle misinformation (select all that apply)?
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.:What do you think would be useful to you to help tackle misinformation (select all that apply)?
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.:What do you think would be useful to you to help tackle misinformation (select all that apply)?
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.:What do you think would be useful to you to help tackle misinformation (select all that apply)?
Other:What do you think would be useful to you to help tackle misinformation (select all that apply)?
How tech savvy would you say you are?
2
EnglishVery concernedNo4551554Maybe
3
EnglishVery concernedYes5443555Yes24513
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
4
EnglishVery concernedYes3432455Yes35124
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Moderately savvy
5
English
Moderately concerned
Maybe1331444Maybe2136
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
6
English
Extremely concerned
Yes2552555Maybe23451GovernmentsDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Extremely savvy
7
EnglishVery concernedMaybe5544555Yes62351Other - Write InJournalistsDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Extremely savvy
8
English
Extremely concerned
No2535555Maybe453216
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Extremely savvy
9
French
Extremely concerned
Yes5535455No26314
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Moderately savvy
10
English
Extremely concerned
Yes1441441Yes145236
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
11
English
Moderately concerned
Maybe5535554Maybe32415GovernmentsDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Moderately savvy
12
English
Moderately concerned
Yes5442444Maybe543216
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
13
EnglishVery concernedMaybe1251541Maybe3465
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
14
English
Moderately concerned
Yes4444555Maybe31465
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Very savvy
15
EnglishVery concernedYes5445555Maybe56231Other - Write InTV/PressDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
16
EnglishVery concernedYes3453555Maybe24635
Individual internet users
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Slightly savvy
17
EnglishVery concernedMaybe5434555Maybe345126
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
18
English
Moderately concerned
No1444555No564
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
19
EnglishVery concernedYes4543555Maybe354126
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Moderately savvy
20
English
Moderately concerned
Yes2444555Maybe123546Other - Write In
Technology companies
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
21
English
Extremely concerned
Yes1551551Yes12GovernmentsDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
22
English
Extremely concerned
Maybe1551555Maybe34612
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
23
English
Extremely concerned
Yes5554555Yes154236
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
AgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
24
English
Extremely concerned
Yes5555555Yes123GovernmentsDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Very savvy
25
EnglishVery concernedYes1452555Maybe12564
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Extremely savvy
26
English
Moderately concerned
Maybe3Maybe3GovernmentsDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Moderately savvy
27
FrenchVery concernedYes1554551Yes452361
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
28
English
Moderately concerned
Maybe1332555Maybe3654
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
29
EnglishVery concernedMaybe1441451Maybe1532
Individual internet users
AgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
30
EnglishVery concernedYes5555555Maybe4635
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
AgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Very savvy
31
English
Extremely concerned
Maybe2444442Yes514
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
32
EnglishVery concernedMaybe3333551Maybe31254
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
33
English
Moderately concerned
No3442455Yes4213
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Extremely savvy
34
English
Extremely concerned
Yes1555551Maybe53126
Individual internet users
AgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
35
EnglishVery concernedYes3223244Yes14523GovernmentsAgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
36
EnglishVery concernedYes1551551No453216
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
37
English
Slightly concerned
Yes4433545Maybe56124
Individual internet users
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
38
English
Moderately concerned
No2551452Maybe425136
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
39
English
Moderately concerned
No5225355No42513
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
40
English
Moderately concerned
No1331344Maybe1
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
41
English
Moderately concerned
No1411531Maybe2314
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Not at all savvy
42
English
Extremely concerned
Yes1551555Yes34512
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
43
EnglishVery concernedMaybe1331341Maybe3412
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Not at all savvy
44
English
Extremely concerned
Yes1442555Maybe526431GovernmentsAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Extremely savvy
45
English
Extremely concerned
Yes441555Yes4612GovernmentsDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
46
English
Moderately concerned
Yes1551555Maybe3561
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
47
English
Extremely concerned
Yes2441442Yes14623
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
48
English
Extremely concerned
Yes5554555Yes451326
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Extremely savvy
49
English
Moderately concerned
Yes1551534Maybe24536
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Moderately savvy
50
English
Extremely concerned
Maybe1441431Maybe354216Other - Write InJournalists DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
51
English
Moderately concerned
Yes1553545Maybe1
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
52
English
Slightly concerned
Maybe3443455Maybe2431
Individual internet users
AgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
53
English
Extremely concerned
Maybe3543555Maybe24513
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
54
English
Extremely concerned
Maybe1551555Maybe231456
55
English
Extremely concerned
Yes2314
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
56
English
Extremely concerned
Maybe2112122Yes15234GovernmentsAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
57
EnglishVery concernedYes3111112Maybe5321
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Slightly savvy
58
EnglishVery concernedNo1551241Maybe1GovernmentsAgreeDisagreeAgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Very savvy
59
English
Slightly concerned
Yes5555555Maybe12532
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Extremely savvy
60
EnglishVery concernedMaybe1351551No451326
Individual internet users
AgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
61
English
Slightly concerned
No1551555Maybe53142
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
62
English
Slightly concerned
Yes1451555Maybe63251
Individual internet users
AgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Very savvy
63
English
Moderately concerned
Yes1331421Maybe613524
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Other
Moderately savvy
64
English
Moderately concerned
Maybe1111221Maybe34126
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Slightly savvy
65
EnglishVery concernedMaybe3332331Maybe53GovernmentsDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
66
English
Extremely concerned
Maybe1431551Yes1
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
67
EnglishVery concernedMaybe4555555Yes453261
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
68
English
Extremely concerned
Maybe4442551Maybe345126
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
69
EnglishVery concernedYes5555555Maybe123
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Very savvy
70
EnglishVery concernedYes4442555Maybe24513
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Extremely savvy
71
English
Slightly concerned
No1442341Yes512
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Moderately savvy
72
EnglishVery concernedYes4443452Maybe14523
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
73
EnglishVery concernedMaybe1331444Maybe123
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
74
English
Moderately concerned
Yes1553553Yes1432GovernmentsDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
75
EnglishVery concernedMaybe1442553Maybe142536
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
76
English
Moderately concerned
Maybe1341433Maybe351246
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
77
EnglishVery concernedYes1551555No13526GovernmentsDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
78
FrenchVery concernedYes1551541Maybe24513
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
79
EnglishVery concernedMaybe1331541Yes14523
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
80
EnglishVery concernedYes5553555Yes23415
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
81
EnglishVery concernedMaybe4552255Yes456
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
AgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Very savvy
82
EnglishVery concerned1444441Maybe43512
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
83
English
Moderately concerned
Yes3552545Yes425316
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Moderately savvy
84
English
Extremely concerned
Yes1552552Maybe624351GovernmentsAgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Moderately savvy
85
FrenchVery concernedMaybe1221254Yes1
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Extremely savvy
86
EnglishVery concernedMaybe1441525Maybe523641
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
87
English
Moderately concerned
Yes2552552Maybe125436
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
88
EnglishVery concernedYes2551555Maybe3612
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
89
EnglishVery concernedMaybe4443444Maybe32541
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
90
EnglishVery concernedMaybe1332443Maybe23514
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
91
French
Moderately concerned
Maybe31
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
92
English
Moderately concerned
Maybe1551551No34512
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Other
Moderately savvy
93
English
Extremely concerned
Maybe2551551Yes35214
Individual internet users
DisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Moderately savvy
94
French
Moderately concerned
Maybe3443442Maybe6543
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
AgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeAgreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by companies – companies make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
System changes by governments – governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
95
English
Moderately concerned
Yes4554555No631425
Individual internet users
AgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Very savvy
96
English
Extremely concerned
Yes1441555Maybe341265Other - Write In
Press/Journalists
AgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Extremely savvy
97
English
Extremely concerned
Yes3552512Maybe132
Civil society (e.g. nonprofits, universities)
DisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Fact-checking – other people seeing misinformation and correcting it.
Moderately savvy
98
English
Extremely concerned
Maybe1221541Yes1Other - Write In
online browser itself and Antivirus applications
AgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Slightly savvy
99
English
Slightly concerned
No3441545No65432Other - Write Inexisting mediaDisagreeAgreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
Moderately savvy
100
French
Extremely concerned
Yes5555555Maybe154236
Commercial internet platforms (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter)
DisagreeAgreeDisagreeAgreeDisagreeDisagreeDisagreeAgree
Education – knowing how to spot misinformation.
Tools – things that help me spot misinformation.
System changes – companies or governments make changes so I’m less exposed to it.
Very savvy
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