ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZAAABACADAEAFAGAHAIAJAKALAMANAOAPAQARAS
1
start_date_typestart_datecountrygeo_scopearea_nameshutdown_typeaffected_networkshutdown_extentordered_bydecision_makeractual_cause
actual_cause_details
info_sourceinfo_source_link
shutdown_status
end_dateDurationgov_justificationgov_just_detailsgov_acklegal_justlegal_methodgov_ack_sourcegov_ack_quotefacebook_affectedtwitter_affectedwhatsapp_affectedinstagram_affectedtelegram_affectedother_affectedsms_affectedphonecall_affectedtelcos_involvedtelco_acktelco_ack_sourcetelco_ack_quoteelectionviolencehr_abuse_reportedusers_targetedusers_target_detailusers_notifiedecon_impacteventan_link
2
Actual6/12/2016Pakistan
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA)
ShutdownMobileFull networkExecutive government
The Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA)
Political instability
Conflict between Afghanistan and Pakistan forces
News media article
https://slate.com/technology/2017/08/the-internet-has-been-shut-down-in-pakistans-fata-for-more-than-a-year.html; https://www.digitalrightsmonitor.pk/mobile-internet-restored-in-former-fatas-kurram-agency/#:~:text=The%20internet%20in%20seven%20districts,border%20joining%20Pakistan%20and%20Afghanistan.;
Ended12/28/20212026
National security/ Counter-terrorism
In January 2021, while speaking at a rally in Waziristan, Prime Minister Imran Khan announced that 3G/4G internet services will be restored in the district from that day. He said at the ceremony, “I spoke to my security agencies […] we agreed that we need to be cognizant of terrorists using [3G/4G] facility. Despite this, we also thought that it is the need of our young people and that is why this service will become operational from today.”
YesUnknown
https://www.pta.gov.pk/en/media-center/single-media/data-services-restored-in-district-kurram-291221
In pursuance of Government’s vision of providing internet services across the country, after review of security situation by concerned forums, data services have been restored in District Kurram.

It is pertinent to mention that data services have been restored in six (6) out of seven (7) districts of Erstwhile FATA.

It may be further added the the restoration of data services will help residents to fulfill their educational, health, commerce and communication needs.
NoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Pakistan: Jazz (Global Telecom), Pakistan: PTCL, Pakistan: Qubee (Augere), Pakistan: Special Communications Organization, Pakistan: Telenor, Pakistan: Wateen Telecom (Abu Dhabi), Pakistan: wi-tribe, Pakistan: Zong (China Mobile)
UnknownNoUnknownUnknown
Students, people need healthcare during COVID, and small businesses
While many students staged protests to demand internet access for online classes, a student of National University of Modern Languages (NUML) petitioned the Islamabad High Court (IHC) in April 2020 to restore access in former FATA. The IHC ordered PTA to enable 3G/4G broadband internet as a response, but the Federal Government sought more time to assess security conditions before the restoration. The Court, at the time, said, “This is not occupied Kashmir, therefore people of these areas are free to exercise their constitutionally guaranteed fundamental rights.” It further observed, “It appears that there is no refusal on part of the Federal Government to extend the internet facilities to the inhabitants of [FATA] […]. However, it appears that due to the exceptional conditions that had prevailed in the past, the respective Governments and the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority may require time to develop the infrastructure in some affected areas.”
Unknown
https://www.accessnow.org/pakistanis-long-suffered-internet-shutdowns-last-voices-heard/
3
Actual6/22/2019Myanmar
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Buthidaung, Rathedaung, Myabon, Paletwa, Ponnagyun, Myauk-U, Kyauktaw and Minbya Townships in Rakhine State
ThrottleMobileFull networkExecutive government
Myanmar Ministry of Transport and Communications (MoTC)
Political instabilityNews media article
https://www.accessnow.org/update-internet-access-censorship-myanmar/; https://www.telenor.com/network-restored-in-eight-townships-in-myanmar/
Ended2/3/2021593
Fake news/ Hate speech/ Incendiary content/ Promoting violence
Acts of terrorism, act of disturbance, and illegal activities
YesUnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNoMyanmar: TelenorYes
https://www.telenor.com/network-restored-in-eight-townships-in-myanmar/
NoYesUnknownEthnic minoritiesNo
Predominantly Rohingya, residents in Myanmar’s Chin and Rakhine states have been suffering through lengthy internet shutdowns and slowdowns since June 2019. As another obstacle to internet access for minority communities, authorities in Myanmar deactivated more than 34 million SIM cards this year, after people failed to reregister them with National Registration Card (NRC) numbers.
https://www.accessnow.org/elections-in-myanmar-government-must-reinstate-full-internet-keep-it-on/
4
Actual8/5/2019India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Jammu and KashmirThrottleMobileFull networkExecutive governmentPolitical instabilityNews media article
https://indianexpress.com/article/india/jk-4g-internet-mobile-timeline-7176408/; https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/indias-internet-shutdown-in-kashmir-is-now-the-longest-ever-in-a-democracy/2019/12/15/bb0693ea-1dfc-11ea-977a-15a6710ed6da_story.html; http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/07(TSTS)%20of%202021%20dated%2005.02.2021.pdf; http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/02(TSTS)%20of%202021%20dated%2022.01.2021.pdf; http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/01(TSTS)of2021_0001.pdf
Ended2/5/2021551
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYes
Yes. During 2021 the government issued Orders 01(TSTS) OF 2021, 02(TSTS) OF 2021, and 07(TSTS) of 2021, which referred to this incident. In 2021, mobile internet was still throttled until 05 of February, in most districts of Jammu and Kashmir.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/07(TSTS)%20of%202021%20dated%2005.02.2021.pdf; http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/01(TSTS)of2021_0001.pdf; http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/02(TSTS)%20of%202021%20dated%2022.01.2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownNo
During 2021 the government issued Orders 01(TSTS) OF 2021, 02(TSTS) OF 2021, and 07(TSTS) of 2021, which referred to the ongoing mobile internet throttling. It ended by 05 of February. Before then, most districts of Jammu and Kashmir only had 2g mobile internet during 2021. In previous years and continuous to this event, there were full broadband and mobile shutdowns.
https://www.accessnow.org/after-a-partial-restoration-of-internet-access-in-jammu-kashmir-access-now-urges-full-access/
5
Actual2/3/2020Myanmar
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
five townships in Rakhine State
ShutdownMobileFull networkExecutive government
The Myanmar Ministry of Transport and Communications (MoTC)
Information control
Myanmar Ministry of Transport and Communications reinstated the restrictions on February 3, 2020, the same day that the Arakan Army—a non-state ethnic army in Rakhine State—declared online that it would release evidence of mass graves of Muslims killed and buried by Myanmar armed forces in Rakhine State.
CSO KIO partners
https://www.fortifyrights.org/mya-inv-2020-03-26/; https://www.telenor.com/internet-services-restricted-in-five-townships-in-myanmar-03-february-2020/?fbclid=IwAR3vpbI7Fu-mdJhYU0UAa7p6W3gQEqW4RxouIwPShXRwWL4nz1dXi6KyCmI
Ended2/3/2021367
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
"As basis for its directive, the MoTC has referenced security requirements and public interest. "
YesUnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Myanmar: all telcos, including Telenor, Myanmar Post and Telecommunication
Yes
https://www.telenor.com/internet-services-restricted-in-five-townships-in-myanmar-03-february-2020/?fbclid=IwAR3vpbI7Fu-mdJhYU0UAa7p6W3gQEqW4RxouIwPShXRwWL4nz1dXi6KyCmI
03.02.2020: The Myanmar Ministry of Transport and Communications (MoTC) has directed all mobile operators in Myanmar, including Telenor Myanmar, to again temporarily stop mobile Internet traffic in five townships in Rakhine and Chin States. The shutdown, which does not include voice and SMS services, went into effect 10.00 pm local time on the 3rd of February. Telenor Myanmar’s customers in the affected areas are being informed via SMS.
NoUnknownYesEthnic minoritiesUnknown
Myanmar has had among the most prolonged internet shutdowns since 2019 in nine townships of Rakhine and Chin States. The internet blackout prevents people from getting informed, protecting themselves and their loved ones, and stopping the spread of the virus throughout their communities.
https://www.accessnow.org/keepiton-internet-shutdowns-during-covid-19-will-help-spread-the-virus/
6
Actual11/4/2020Ethiopia
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
TigrayShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkUnknownPolitical instability
Civil war in Tigray region
News media article
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uEoa-7J6zpY; https://www.business-humanrights.org/en/latest-news/ethiopia-jakenn-publishing-urges-govt-says-current-internet-shutdown-threats-access-to-information-on-ongoing-conflict-in-tigray-region/; https://twitter.com/accessnow/status/1323964706382643200; https://cpj.org/2021/05/journalists-shutdowns-myanmar-ethiopia-kashmir/
Ongoing-44138
Sabotage/ Third-party Action
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uEoa-7J6zpY
YesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoYesYesNo
Full shutdown is ongoing in the Tigray region during a civil war. This happened at the start of the conflict and the government blamed the Tigray military forces for destruction of infrastructure. Nevertheless, after promises of restoration of services by the National Government, the internet services remain inaccessible in Tigray, amid various reports of human rights abuses.
7
Actual11/21/2020Uganda
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationwideThrottleBroadband, MobileService-basedExecutive government
Uganda Communications Commission
ProtestsConfidentialEnded-44155Illegal contentYesUnknownYesUnknownUnknownUnknownUnknownNoNo
Uganda: Africell (Lintel), Uganda: Airtel (Bharti Airtel), Uganda: i-Tel, Uganda: MTN, Uganda: Smart, Uganda: Smile, Uganda: UT Mobile (Uganda Telecom)
YesNoYesYesNo
8
Actual12/30/2020India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Shopian and Pulwama districts
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Inspector General of the Kashmir Police, later confirmed by the Principal Secretary to the Government of J&K
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of armed militants
CSO KIO partners
https://thekashmirwalla.com/2021/01/in-kashmir-new-year-starts-with-internet-shutdown-in-two-districts/
Ended1/5/20217
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Security of the state and maintaining public order.
YesYes
Yes. The IGP justified the shutdown in national security and maintenance of the public order, considering the encounter among security forces and armed militants, which resulted in the death among the latter.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/146(TSTS)2020.pdf;
NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesUnknownNo
A mobile internet shutdown occurred in Pulwama and Shopian district during and after a security forces operation resulting in the killing of three youth, alleged armed militants, in Srinagar.
9
Actual12/31/2020Jordan
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationalShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedExecutive governmentExam cheatingCSO KIO partners
https://explorer.ooni.org/measurement/20201231T100944Z_whatsapp_JO_48832_n1_pIwGrUS0eAiymq2S
Ended1/4/20215School examsUnknownNoNoYesNoYesNoNoUnknownNoNoNoNo
10
Actual1/1/2021India
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Pulwama and Shupiyan districts in Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkExecutive governmentInformation control
The first day of 2021 has started with an internet blockade and a complete shutdown in Pulwama and Shopian district against the killing of three youth in Srinagar.
CSO KIO partnersEnded1/1/2022366Precautionary measureUnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNoUnknownNoNoUnknownNo
A complete internet shutdown occurred in the Pulwama and Shopian districts, in Jammu and Kashmir, in response to the killing of three youth in Srinagar.
11
Actual1/11/2021Tajikistan
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
ShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedUnknownUnknownNews media article
https://eurasianet.org/tajikistan-authorities-somehow-find-more-room-for-internet-censorship; https://rus.ozodi.org/a/31043869.html
Ended1/12/20212UnknownNoYesNoNoYesNoGmailNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Facebook, instagram and gmail were reported to be shutdown on Jan 11 and 12 across Tajikistan.
12
Actual1/12/2021Uganda
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationalShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedExecutive governmentElectionsNews media article
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/13/world/africa/uganda-facebook-ban-elections.html; https://techjaja.com/govt-lifts-social-media-ban-but-there-is-a-catch/
Ongoing-44207
Fake news/ Hate speech/ Incendiary content/ Promoting violence
Museveni claimed that Facebook was taking sides during the election.
YesUnknownYesYesYesYesYesYoutube, SignalNoNoYesYesNoUnknownNo
Facebook and many other social media platforms were shutdown on Jan 12, preceding the national elections in Uganda. Some platforms were restored by Feb 10. Facebook remained blocked.
https://www.accessnow.org/the-world-is-watching-uganda-elections/
13
Actual1/13/2021Uganda
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationalShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkExecutive government
Uganda Communications Commission issued the order to the ISPs
ElectionsCSO KIO partners
https://ooni.org/post/2021-uganda-general-election-blocks-and-outage/#facebooks-website; https://techjaja.com/govt-lifts-social-media-ban-but-there-is-a-catch/; https://www.accessnow.org/the-world-is-watching-uganda-elections/; https://www.accessnow.org/internet-shutdown-stories-from-uganda/; https://www.reuters.com/article/uganda-internet-rights/100-hours-in-the-dark-how-an-election-internet-blackout-hit-poor-ugandans-idUSL4N2JU2YQ; https://ooni.org/post/2021-uganda-general-election-blocks-and-outage/#facebooks-website; https://www.facebook.com/MTNUG/posts/5644233898936144
Ended1/18/20216
Fake news/ Hate speech/ Incendiary content/ Promoting violence
YesNo
https://ooni.org/post/2021-uganda-general-election-blocks-and-outage/#facebooks-website
NoNoYesNoNoNoNoYesYesNoUnknownNo
The Uganda government ordered the shutdown of broadband and mobile services starting Jan 13, which lasted until Jan 18. This shutdown was preceded of a service-base shutdown that outlasted it (see other entry).
https://www.accessnow.org/the-world-is-watching-uganda-elections/;
14
Actual1/23/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Anantnag, Badgam, Bandipore, Baramula, Doda, Jammu, Kargil, Kathua, Kishtwar, Kulgam, Kupwara, Leh (ladakh), Poonch, Pulwama, Rajouri, Ramban, Reasi, Samba, Shopian, Srinagar
ThrottleMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Information control
Internet services were suspended in all districts except Udhampur and Ganderbal of Jammu; Kashmir. Pre-paid users require verification before they can access internet. Shutdown to avoid "the dissemination of inflammatory propaganda"
CSO KIO partners
https://www.businesstoday.in/latest/economy-politics/story/4g-internet-services-restored-in-jammu-and-kashmir-286694-2021-02-05; https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/ban-on-high-speed-internet-in-jk-extended-till-february-6/articleshow/80417394.cms?from=mdr
Ended2/6/202115
Fake news/ Hate speech/ Incendiary content/ Promoting violence
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/02(TSTS)%20of%202021%20dated%2022.01.2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownNoNoUnknownUnknown
15
Actual1/25/2021
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationalShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedUnknownUnknownNews media article
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/1/26/iran-blocks-signal-messaging-app-after-whatsapp-exodus
Unknown-44220UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoSignalNoNoUnknownNoNoNoNo
Signal messaging services were blocked on Jan 25 after a large increasing downloads.
16
Actual1/26/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Kashmir Valley districtsShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Inspector General of the Kashmir Police, later confirmed by the Principal Secretary to the Government of J&K
Religious holiday/anniversary
"The mobile internet telephone services have been temporarily suspended in the valley for ensuring peaceful Republic Day celebrations."
CSO KIO partners
https://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/internet-services-on-mobile-devices-suspended-in-kashmir-on-republic-day-121012600301_1.html; https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/internet-services-on-mobile-devices-suspended-in-kashmir-on-republic-day/article38327803.ece
Ended1/26/20211Precautionary measure
Inspector General of Kashmir Police ordered a shutdown given the anniversary of the Republic Day to prevent strikes, protests and antinational activities.
YesYes
Yes. Inspector General of Kashmir Police ordered a shutdown given the anniversary of the Republic Day to prevent strikes, protests and antinational activities. Order - 03 (TSTS) of 2021.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/03(TSTS)2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoNoNoUnknown
Internet mobile services were suspended in Kashmir Valley on the 26th January as a precautionary measure, given the anniversary of the Republic Day
17
Actual1/26/2021India
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
National Capital Territory of Dehli, and Western Uttar Pradesh / Ghazipur border site with Delhi
ShutdownMobileFull networkExecutive government
The ministry of home affairs
Protests
Farmers protests during the Republic DAY. The ministry of home affairs ordered the temporary suspension of internet services in parts of the National Capital Region on 26th January 2021. The Internet has been suspended in Delhi's Singhu, Ghazipur, Tikri, Mukarba Chowk, Nangloi and other areas.
News media article
https://www.timesnownews.com/delhi/article/farmers-protest-govt-orders-shut-down-of-internet-services-in-parts-of-delhi-ncr-details-of-areas-affected/712140; https://indianexpress.com/article/india/farmers-protest-internet-shutdown-delhi-7162537/; https://telecom.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/farmers-protest-indian-telcos-asked-to-suspend-internet-services-in-delhi-ncr-region/80465905; https://www.accessnow.org/internet-shutdown-in-delhi-on-indias-republic-day/; https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/national/govt-orders-internet-shutdown-in-areas-close-to-farmers-protest-sites-in-delhi; https://www.thequint.com/cyber/internet-shutdown-at-farmer-protest-sites-amplifying-misinformation-rumours; https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/internet-suspended-ghazipur-border-adjoining-areas-farmers-protest-1764186-2021-01-30; https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/nation/mha-orders-temporary-suspension-of-internet-services-at-tikri-singhu-borders-203973
Ended1/26/20211
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
"In the interest of maintaining public safety and averting public emergency, it is necessary and expedient to order the temporary suspension of the internet services in the areas of Singhu, Ghazipur, Tikri, Mukarba Chowk and Nangloi and their adjoining areas in the NCT of Delhi from 1200 hours to 23:59 hours on jan 26, 2021."
YesYesMinistry order
https://indianexpress.com/article/india/farmers-protest-internet-shutdown-delhi-7162537/
NoNoNoNoNoYesNoYesNoUnknownUnknownUnknown
Government-mandated internet shutdowns in response to the #FarmersProtest. Mobile internet and SMS has been targeted in an attempt to block protester communication. The Internet has not been fully restored in most areas that were initially cut off on January 26, and the shutdowns have reportedly been extended in some areas until February 6.
https://www.accessnow.org/internet-shutdown-in-delhi-on-indias-republic-day/
18
Actual1/27/2021Cuba
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationalShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkUnknownProtests
Protests in front of the Minister of Culture
News media article
https://latamjournalismreview.org/articles/cuba-sees-increase-of-124-in-violations-against-press-freedom-in-january-and-journalists-anticipate-trend-of-greater-repression/; https://cpj.org/2021/01/cuban-internet-access-cut-amid-free-expression-protest-journalist-harassed/; https://twitter.com/DougMadory/status/1354798601868816389
Ended1/27/20211UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Internet was shutdown during 2 hours at Jan 27 during a protests in front of the Minister of Culture.
19
Actual1/27/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
State of Haryana (Jhajjar, Sonipat, Palwal)
ShutdownMobileFull networkState governmentHaryana GovernmentProtestsFarmers protestsCSO KIO partners
https://www.medianama.com/2021/01/223-internet-shutdown-haryana-farmer-protests/; https://sflc.in/letter-haryana-government-reconsider-suspension-internet-5-districts
Ended1/28/20212Precautionary measure
Precautionary measure due to Farmers protests occurring in Delhi
YesYes
The Department of Home Affairs issued an order
https://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2021/jan/31/haryana-government-extends-suspension-of-mobile-internet-in-14-districts-till-5-pm-on-february-1-2257632.html
"This order has been issued to prevent any disturbance of peace and public order in the jurisdiction of these districts of Haryana. Any person who will be found guilty of violation of aforesaid order will be liable for legal action under relevant provisions."
NoNoNoNoNoYesNoUnknownNoNoNoNo
Internet was suspended in Jhajjhar, Sonipat and Palwal districts in Haryana on 27th January 2021. It was later suspended in 14 new districts in Haryana and the order of shutdown extended in 3 districts. Later, internet shutdown was further extended in the 17 districts till February 3rd.
20
Actual1/29/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Police district of Awantipora in Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Inspector General of the Kashmir Police, later confirmed by the Principal Secretary to the Government of J&K
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of armed militants
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/04(TSTS)2021.pdf
Ended1/30/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Security of the state and maintaining public order.
YesYes
Yes. The IGP justified the shutdown in national security and maintenance of the public order, considering the encounter among security forces and armed militants, which resulted in the death among the latter. Order - 04(TSTS) of 2021.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/04(TSTS)2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
A mobile internet shutdown occurred in Police district of awantipora during and after a security forces operation resulting in the killing of three youth, alleged armed militants, in Mandoora Tral, Awantipora.
21
Actual1/29/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
District of Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Inspector General of the Kashmir Police, later confirmed by the Principal Secretary to the Government of J&K
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of armed militants
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/05(TSTS)2021.pdf
Ended1/31/20213
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
Security of the state and maintaining public order.
YesYes
Yes. The IGP justified the shutdown in national security and maintenance of the public order, considering the encounter among security forces and armed militants, which resulted in the death among the latter. Order - 05(TSTS) of 2021.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/05(TSTS)2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesUnknownNo
A mobile internet shutdown occurred in Pulwama district during and after a security forces operation resulting in the killing of 2 alleged armed militants, in Lelhar, district of Pulwama.
22
Actual1/29/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
NCT of Delhi (East Delhi, West Delhi)
ShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkExecutive government
The Union Home Ministry
ProtestsCSO KIO partners
https://www.livemint.com/news/india/delhi-internet-suspended-till-31-jan-at-singhu-ghazipur-tikri-borders-amid-farmers-protest-11611995476567.html
Ended2/2/20215
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
"... it is necessary and expedient to order the temporary suspension of internet services in the areas of Singhu, Ghazipur and Tikri, and their adjoining areas in the NCT of Delhi from 11 pm on January 29 to 11 pm on January 31," the Home Ministry order read.
YesYesMinistry Order
"... it is necessary and expedient to order the temporary suspension of internet services in the areas of Singhu, Ghazipur and Tikri, and their adjoining areas in the NCT of Delhi from 11 pm on January 29 to 11 pm on January 31," the Home Ministry order read.
NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknown
Internet was suspended in Tikri, Gazipur and Singhu border since 29th January 2021 amidst farmers protest. The order was extened again on 31st January 2021 till 2nd Febuary 2021.
https://www.livemint.com/news/india/delhi-internet-suspended-till-31-jan-at-singhu-ghazipur-tikri-borders-amid-farmers-protest-11611995476567.html
23
Actual1/29/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Fatehabad, Ambala, Bhiwani, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Yamunanagar, Panipat, Rohtak, Rewari, Sirsa, Sonipat, Palwal, in the state of Haryana
ShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkState governmentHaryana governmentProtests
The Haryana government on Friday issued an order whereby internet services in 14 districts have been shut down till 5pm on January 30, taking the number of districts with internet shut down to 17. The order said the shutdown would be implemented with immediate effect.
CSO KIO partners
https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/farmers-protest-internet-services-shut-down-in-haryana-1764008-2021-01-29
Ended2/6/20219
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
YesYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNoUnknownNoUnknownUnknownUnknown
It had started with the internet being suspended in Jhajjhar, Sonipat and Palwal districts in Haryana on 27th January 2021. The internet was said to be shut till 5PM on 27th January originally but later the order was extended till 5PM on 28th January 2021. This was extended to many other districts, the total number being 17. The shutdown was completely lifted only after a period of more than 10 days on 6th February 2021 from all districts in Haryana.
24
Actual2/1/2021Myanmar
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationalShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkMilitaryPolitical instabilityMilitary CoupNews media article
https://twitter.com/lawyerpants/status/1356034534408642562; https://twitter.com/DougMadory/status/1356033193187667974; https://graphics.reuters.com/MYANMAR-POLITICS/INTERNET-RESTRICTION/rlgpdbreepo/
Ended2/1/20211UnknownUnknownNoNoNoNoNoUnknownYes
Myanmar: Telenor, Ooredoo, Myanmar Post and Telecommunications, Frontiir
Yes
https://www.telenor.com/media/announcement/statement-on-the-situation-in-myanmar
NoYesYesNo
The Military sent troops to IPSs and demand the shutdown of mobile and broadband services during the day of the Military coup.
https://www.accessnow.org/myanmar-internet-shutdown-military-coup/
25
Actual2/4/2021Myanmar
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationalShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedMilitaryPolitical instabilityMilitary coupCSO KIO partners
https://ooni.org/post/2021-myanmar-internet-blocks-and-outages/#methods
Ongoing-44230UnknownUnknownYesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Myanmar: Telenor, Ooredoo, Myanmar Post and Telecommunications, Frontiir
Yes
https://www.telenor.com/directive-to-block-social-media-services-twitter-and-instagram-in-myanmar/
NoYesYesNo
The Ministry of Communications of Myanmar issued orders to block Facebook, Instragram and Twitter on Feb 3 for the Facebook, and on Feb 5 for other two.
https://www.accessnow.org/update-internet-access-censorship-myanmar/
26
Actual2/5/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
South Kashmir (Anantnag, Shopian, Pulwama, Awantipora)
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Inspector General of the Kashmir Police, later confirmed by the Principal Secretary to the Government of J&K
Religious holiday/anniversary
Kashmir Solidarity DayOther
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/06(TSTS)2021.pdf
Ended2/5/20211Precautionary measure
Precautionary measure due to Kashmir Solidarity day
YesYes
Yes. The IGP justified the shutdown as a precautionary measure for the maintenance of the public order due to Kashmir Solidarity Day. Order - 06(TSTS) of 2021.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/06(TSTS)2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoNoNoUnknown
The government order a mobile internet shutdown in the districts of South Kashmir as a precautionary measure during the Kashmir Solidarity day.
27
Actual2/6/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
NCT of Delhi (Gazipur, Singhu, and Tikri)
ShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkExecutive government
Ministry of Home Affairs
Protests
The shutdown was ordered in response of the "chakka jam", a three- hour protest held by farmers against the frequent orders of suspending internet connection at border areas where farmers had been camping since November
CSO KIO partners
https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/chakka-jam-mha-suspends-internet-connection-at-sites-of-farmers-protests-101612604158159.html
Ended2/6/20211
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
YesYesMinistry Order
https://images.hindustantimes.com/img/2021/02/06/original/or_1612604661189.JPG
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoUnknownUnknownUnknown
28
Actual2/6/2021Myanmar
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Countrywide shutdownShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkMilitary
Myanmar Ministry of Transport and Communications
ProtestsCSO KIO partners
https://ooni.org/post/2021-myanmar-internet-blocks-and-outages/#methods
Ended2/7/20212
Fake news/ Hate speech/ Incendiary content/ Promoting violence
The Myanmar Ministry of Transport and Communications (MoTC) has directed all mobile operators to temporarily shut down the data network in Myanmar. Voice and SMS services remain open.

The government also justified it based on political instability, and maintenance of public order: https://www.telenor.com/media/press-release/myanmar-authorities-orders-nationwide-shutdown-of-the-data-network
YesYesMinistry directiveNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Myanmar: Telenor, Ooredoo, Myanmar Post and Telecommunications, Frontiir
Yes
https://www.telenor.com/media/press-release/myanmar-authorities-orders-nationwide-shutdown-of-the-data-network
The Myanmar Ministry of Transport and Communications (MoTC) has directed all mobile operators to temporarily shut down the data network in Myanmar. Voice and SMS services remain open. In the directive, the MoTC cites legal basis in Myanmar’s Telecommunication Law, and references circulation of fake news, stability of the nation and interest of the public as basis for the order. Telenor Myanmar, as a local company, is bound by local law and needs to handle this irregular and difficult situation. We have employees on the ground and our first priority is to ensure their safety.
NoYesYesProtesters No
The Military government issued orders to block mobile and fixed services on Feb 6 for 30 hours, during protests against the coup.
29
Actual2/12/2021Cuba
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
It affected mobile data services in the whole country
ShutdownMobileFull networkExecutive government
ETECSA, the State-owned telecommunications provider
UnknownSocial media
https://twitter.com/DougMadory/status/1360311938039840774; https://twitter.com/ETECSA_Cuba/status/1360309536255594501; https://ioda.caida.org/ioda/dashboard#view=inspect&entity=country/CU&lastView=overview&from=-1d&until=now
Ended2/12/20211
Technical problems/ Infrastructure failure
They said it was a "technical interruption"
YesNo
They didn't acknowledge responsibility over it, and said it was a technical issue
https://twitter.com/ETECSA_Cuba/status/1360309536255594501
NoNoNoNoNoYesYesCuba: ETECSAYes
https://twitter.com/ETECSA_Cuba/status/1360309536255594501
Informamos a nuestros usuarios que se presentó una interrupción técnica en los servicios de voz, sms y acceso a Internet, los mismos se encuentran restablecidos. Rogamos disculpas por las molestias ocasionadas.
NoNoUnknownNo
30
Actual2/14/2021Myanmar
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Near country-wideShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkMilitary
State Administration Council
Protests
Internet Curfew (1AM to 9AM) has been imposed by the SAC. The Electronic Communication Law has been ‌amended.
CSO KIO partners
https://twitter.com/dbelson/status/1387486012058841092; https://ooni.org/post/2021-myanmar-internet-blocks-and-outages/#outage-on-6th-february-2021
Ended4/27/202173UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknown
Myanmar: Telenor, Ooredoo, Myanmar Post and Telecommunications, Frontiir
Yes
https://www.telenor.com/sustainability/responsible-business/human-rights/mitigate/human-rights-in-myanmar/directives-from-authorities-in-myanmar-february-2021/
NoYesYesNo
Mobile and fixed internet were shutdown in a curfew-style from around 1am to 9am, throughout the period of Feb 16 to April 27. On May 17, mobile services (wireless and mobile internet on phones) were shutdown and it is ongoing.
https://www.accessnow.org/update-internet-access-censorship-myanmar/
31
Actual2/18/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Shopian district in Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Inspector General of the Kashmir Police, later confirmed by the Principal Secretary to the Government of J&K
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of armed militants. Internet services were suspended in the entire Shopian district ahead of an encounter.
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/08(TSTS)2021.pdf
Ended2/19/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Security of the state and maintaining public order.
YesYes
Yes. The IGP justified the shutdown in national security and maintenance of the public order, considering the encounter among security forces and armed militants, which resulted in the death among the latter. Order - 08(TSTS) of 2021.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/08(TSTS)2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
A mobile internet shutdown occurred in Shopian district during and after a security forces operation resulting in the killing of three alleged armed militants, in Badigam, Shopian.
32
Actual2/22/2021GabonNot sureShutdownUnknownFull networkUnknownProtestsConfidential
https://www.defenceweb.co.za/security/civil-security/two-killed-as-gabon-citizens-protest-coronavirus-restrictions/
Ended-44248UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYesNo
There was a shutdown during protests against government covid-measures.
33
Actual2/24/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
District Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Inspector General of the Kashmir Police, later confirmed by the Principal Secretary to the Government of J&K
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of alleged armed militants
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/09(TSTS)2021.pdf
Ended2/24/20211
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Security of the state and maintaining public order.
YesYes
Yes. The IGP justified the shutdown in national security and maintenance of the public order, considering the encounter among security forces and armed militants, which resulted in the death among the latter. Order - 09(TSTS) of 2021.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/09(TSTS)2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
A mobile internet shutdown occurred in Anantnag district during and after a security forces operation resulting in the killing of three alleged armed militants, in Anantnag.
34
Actual2/24/2021
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Sistan and BaluchistanShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkUnknownProtestsCSO KIO partners
https://twitter.com/maasalan/status/1365751866274033665?s=21; https://twitter.com/Ammir/status/1364660934036361217; https://www.accessnow.org/iran-blackout-2021-internet-shutdowns-sistan-baluchistan/;
Ended2/28/20215UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Broadband and mobile services were shutdown in Sistan-Baluchistan after protests.
35
Actual2/24/2021Niger
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
ShutdownMobileFull networkUnknownElections
Mobile internet was shutdown after release of results of the run-off election
News media article
https://www.accessnow.org/niger-election-internet-blackout/; https://twitter.com/DougMadory/status/1364589910888509442; https://ioda.caida.org/@jBP; https://www.fastly.com/blog/impact-of-mobile-internet-disruption-in-niger
Ended3/5/202110UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoUnknownYesUnknownUnknownNo
Mobile internet access was shutdown after results of the run-off election in Niger and restored after 10 days.
https://www.accessnow.org/niger-election-internet-blackout/
36
Actual2/27/2021Chad
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Ndjamena and some provinces
ShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkUnknownProtestsCSO KIO partners
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/3/1/chad-opposition-leader-quits-presidential-race-after-shootout; https://www.facebook.com/1743317875927798/posts/2809730249286550/?_rdc=1&_rdr
Ended3/3/20215UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknown
Chad: Airtel (Bharti Airtel), Moov Africa Tchad
NoYesYesYesNo
Mobile and fixed internet were shutdown on Feb 27 during unrests and a clamp down on opposition. Mobile phone services were slow.
37
Actual3/4/2021Senegal
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
nationwideShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedUnknownProtests
Senegal restricts internet as protests over rape allegation against opposition leader escalate
CSO KIO partners
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-03-05/senegal-shuts-down-tv-stations-internet-disrupted-amid-protests; https://www.cnn.com/2021/03/05/africa/senegal-protests-rape-charge-intl/index.html; https://www.fastcompany.com/90615398/free-senegal-internet-shutdown-democracy; https://www.fastcompany.com/90615398/free-senegal-internet-shutdown-democracy
Ended3/5/20212UnknownNoYesUnknownYesUnknownYesYoutubeNoNoNoNoYesYesNo
Service-based shutdowns occurred in Senegal amid protests against legal accusations of rape against opposition leader.
38
Actual3/5/2021Chad
It only affected one city, county, or village
the capital city of N'djamena
ShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkUnknownProtestsCSO KIO partners
https://twitter.com/adelph36/status/1367814641657786374?s=20; https://twitter.com/adelph36/status/1368158711911481346?s=20; https://www.alwihdainfo.com/Tchad-coupure-de-l-acces-a-Internet_a101097.html; https://tchadinfos.com/politique/tchad-ndjamena-a-nouveau-deconnectee-dinternet/;
Ended3/5/20211UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownNo
Mobile and broadband internet were shutdown tat the capital city of N'djamena from period of March 5-6 2021-
39
Actual3/8/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Bhainsa, TelanganaShutdownMobileFull networkLocal government
authorities at Bhainsa town in Nirmal district
Communal violence
Prohibitory orders were clamped and internet services suspended by the authorities at Bhainsa town in Nirmal district, following communal clashes between two groups on Sunday evening. Some houses, vehicles, and petty business establishments were damaged in the arson that followed the violence on Sunday. This led the law enforcing authorities to invoke the Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services (Public Emergency or Public Safety Rules 2017) of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, to stop locals from sharing videos and photographs of the incidents on online messaging platforms and to contain the issue.
CSO KIO partners
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/post-clashes-internet-services-suspended-in-bhainsa/article34020478.ece
Ended3/8/20211UnknownUnknownNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownNo
Prohibitory orders were clamped and internet services suspended by the authorities at Bhainsa town in Nirmal district, following communal clashes between two groups.
40
Actual3/10/2021Russian Federation
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationalThrottleBroadband, Mobile
Full network, Service-based
Executive governmentRoskomnadzorOther
Pressure Twitter to comply with Government take down orders.
News media article
https://rkn.gov.ru/news/rsoc/news73464.htm; https://www.accessnow.org/russia-throttled-twitter/; https://censoredplanet.org/throttling
Ongoing-44264Illegal content
Roskomnadzor announced that it would slow down Twitter on “100 percent of mobile services and 50 percent desktop services" claiming that the social media company did not delete over 3,000 materials the authorities deemed unlawful.
YesYes
https://rkn.gov.ru/news/rsoc/news73464.htm
NoYesNoNoNoNoNoUnknownNoNoNoYes
Roskomnadzor announced that it would slow down Twitter on “100 percent of mobile services and 50 percent desktop services" claiming that the social media company did not delete over 3,000 materials the authorities deemed unlawful. On May 17, Russia announced that it would not block Twitter entirely because the company complied with deleting more than 91% of flagged content.
https://www.accessnow.org/russia-throttled-twitter/
41
Actual3/10/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Inspector General of the Kashmir Police, later confirmed by the Principal Secretary to the Government of J&K
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of alleged armed militants. Mobile internet services were snapped in Anantnag district of south Kashmir amid an intermittent gunfight between militants and government forces in Bijbehera area.
Other
https://thekashmirwalla.com/2021/03/internet-snapped-in-anantnag-amid-gunfight/; https://thekashmirwalla.com/internet-snapped-in-anantnag-amid-gunfight/
Ended3/11/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Security of the state and maintaining public order.
YesYes
Yes. The IGP justified the shutdown in national security and maintenance of the public order, considering the encounter among security forces and armed militants, which resulted in the death among the latter. Order - 10(TSTS) of 2021.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/10(TSTS)2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
Mobile internet services were snapped in Anantnag district of south Kashmir amid an intermittent gunfight between militants and government forces in Bijbehera area.
42
Actual3/13/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Shopian district, in Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Inspector General of the Kashmir Police, later confirmed by the Principal Secretary to the Government of J&K
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of alleged armed militants. There was an encounter between the security forces and "terrorists", which led the state govt to shut down the internet to avoid them "communicating with their simpatizers or mobilizing crowds.
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/11(TSTS)2021.pdf
Ended3/15/20213
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Security of the state and maintaining public order.
YesYes
Yes. The IGP justified the shutdown in national security and maintenance of the public order, considering the encounter among security forces and armed militants, which resulted in the death among the latter. Order - 11(TSTS) of 2021.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/11(TSTS)2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
A mobile internet shutdown occurred in Shopian district during and after a security forces operation resulting in the killing of three alleged armed militants, in Rawalpora, Shopian.
43
Actual3/14/2021Oman
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Entire countryShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedExecutive government
Oman’s Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA)
Information control
Quoting Al Jazeera, "The chatrooms of Clubhouse, a sort of town square for unfettered discussions of politics and social issues, have provided a window through the censorship. Recent free-flowing exchanges in the region have featured activists from Egypt’s 2011 uprising, feminists in Kuwait, government officials in Libya and even a transgender woman in Saudi Arabia."
Other
https://www.aljazeera.com/economy/2021/3/15/oman-blocks-clubhouse-app-fueling-regional-censorship-fears
Ongoing-44268Other
Authorities blocked the social media audio chat platform Clubhouse "on the grounds of not being licensed to operate"
YesUnknownNoNoNoNoNoClubhouseNoNoNoNoNoNo
https://www.accessnow.org/clubhouse/
44
Actual3/15/2021Jordan
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Entire countryShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedExecutive governmentJordanian officialsProtests
Unknown reason. Could be because many rooms hosted political figures and open political debates.
CSO KIO partners
https://jordanopensource.org/blog/78/blocking-clubhouse-in-jordan-a-quick-analysis-of-internet-censorship-methods-in-use; https://jordanopensource.org/blog/74/josa-in-light-of-the-latest-internet-shutdowns-the-right-to-internet-access-without-restrictions-must-be-ensured; https://www.accessnow.org/jordanprotests/; https://arabic.rt.com/middle_east/1211951-%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%8A%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%B2-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%B7%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D8%B1%D8%AF%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%AA%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%AE%D8%AF%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%BA%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B3%D9%8A%D9%84-%D9%84%D9%84%D8%AF%D9%85%D9%88%D8%B9-%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%82-%D8%A7%D8%AD%D8%AA%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D8%BA%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82/
Ongoing-44269UnknownNoYesNoNoNoNo
Clubhouse; Facebook Live
NoNo
Jordan: Zain, Orange, VTel and DAMAMAX
UnknownNoYesYesNo
On March 15 2021, following the anti-lockdown protest, Jordanian officials blocked Clubhouse, an audio-only social media app, on a number of major internet service providers (ISPs). Clubhouse is widely used by activists, public figures and critics to speak about political developments in the country. It however remained blocked as of June 2021, and following this, censorship circumvention tools were also inaccessible.

On the same day, the authorities blocked certain Facebook applications that allow live broadcasting from demonstrations, users and sources within the telecommunications sector told Reuters. The outage lasted several hours.
https://www.accessnow.org/jordanprotests/
45
Actual3/15/2021Myanmar
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Countrywide shutdownShutdownMobileFull networkMilitaryMyanmar JuntaProtests
Following last night's internet curfew in Myanmar, the country's mobile operators are either offline or greatly reduced in connectivity. According to @kentikinc data, Telenor and Ooredoo never came back online.
CSO KIO partners
https://twitter.com/DougMadory/status/1371450173910564870
Ended4/28/202145Unknown
As the junta imposes martial law in six townships in Yangon, and five more in Mandalay — bringing the city’s total to 12.
UnknownNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknown
Myanmar: Mytel, Telenor, Ooredoo, Myanmar Post and Telecommunications
Yes
https://www.telenor.com/sustainability/responsible-business/human-rights/mitigate/human-rights-in-myanmar/directives-from-authorities-in-myanmar-february-2021/
"Update 15.04.21: It is now a month since the Myanmar authorities ordered a nationwide mobile internet shutdown. The continued internet restrictions have severely impacted the people of Myanmar who rely on the internet for staying connected and informed, and is a lifeline to much needed services such as healthcare and banking for millions of people. The prolonged mobile internet shutdown is also detrimental to the country’s economy and businesses. Telenor Group welcomes and supports the Nordic Embassies in Myanmar’s call for the authorities to immediately reinstate access to the internet, as well as halting all violence and respecting people’s human rights of freedom of assembly and expression."
NoYesYesNo
On March 14, Yangon saw “one of its deadliest days of anti-coup protests”, during which approximately 50 people were killed, and, in turn, martial law was imposed in the city. March 15, 2021 — The Myanmar junta’s blocking of mobile internet access across the country is escalating, while the threat of military use of surveillance technology is increasing.
https://www.accessnow.org/update-internet-access-censorship-myanmar/
46
Actual3/16/2021China
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Nationwide except for HK SAR
ShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedExecutive governmentInformation controlNews media article
https://techcrunch.com/2021/03/15/signal-is-down-in-china/
Ongoing-44270UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoSignalNoNo
China Telecom, China Unicom, China Mobile
NoNoNoNo
Signal app was shutdown in China after a surge in downloads in Feb/March.
47
Actual3/20/2021Congo
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationalShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkExecutive governmentElectionsCSO KIO partners
https://www.accessnow.org/congo-keepiton-election/; https://twitter.com/accessnow/status/1373657085221740547; https://twitter.com/DougMadory/status/1374729708319965184?s=20
Ended3/23/20214UnknownUnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Congo: Airtel (Bharti Airtel), Congo: Azur (Bintel), Congo: MTN
NoYesNoNoNo
Congo suffered a full shutdown during its election at March 20 and a few days after.
https://www.accessnow.org/congo-keepiton-election/
48
Actual3/21/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
District of Shopian, in Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Inspector General of the Kashmir Police, later confirmed by the Principal Secretary to the Government of J&K
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of alleged armed militants. Mobile Internet services were suspended in Shopian amidst an encounter.
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/12(TSTS)2021.pdf
Ended3/22/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Security of the state and maintaining public order.
YesYes
Yes. The IGP justified the shutdown in national security and maintenance of the public order, considering the encounter among security forces and armed militants, which resulted in the death among the latter. Order - 12(TSTS) of 2021.
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/12(TSTS)2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
A mobile internet shutdown occurred in Shopian district during and after security forces operation resulting in the killing of four alleged armed militants, Manihal, Shopian.
49
Actual3/26/2021Bangladesh
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
ShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedUnknownProtests
Protests during India's Prime Minister Modi visited Bangladesh
News media article
https://www.thedailystar.net/bangladesh/news/amid-modi-visit-facebook-says-services-restricted-bangladesh-2067693
Ended3/26/20211UnknownUnknownYesNoNoNoNoMessengerNoNoUnknownNoUnknownUnknownNo
Facebook and facebook messenger were shutdown during protests amid India's Prime Minister Modi visit to Bangladesh.
50
Actual3/27/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Shopian district, in Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkUnknownPolitical instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of alleged armed militants. The internet service was snapped in the entire Shopian district as a precautionary measure amidst an ongoing gunfight.
News media article
https://in.news.yahoo.com/two-militants-soldier-killed-gunfight-182754444.html; https://www.risingkashmir.com/home/news_description/374213/2-militants-soldier-killed-in-Shopian-encounter; https://thekashmirwalla.com/mobile-internet-suspended-in-shopian-amid-gunfight/
Ended3/28/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/13(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
The internet service was snapped in the entire Shopian district as a precautionary measure to an encounter between security forces and alleged terrorists, which resulted in the death of 2 of the latter.
51
Actual3/27/2021Kazakhstan
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
ShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedUnknownProtestsCSO KIO partners
https://t.me/s/internetkz; https://t.me/heraks2net/30
Ended3/28/20212UnknownNoYesNoYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Social media platforms (Facebook, Instagram, Whatsapp, Telegram) were shutdown during protests against the government.
52
Actual3/28/2021Kazakhstan
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Cities of Almaty and Nur-Sultan
ShutdownBroadband, Mobile
Full network, Service-based
UnknownProtestsCSO KIO partners
https://www.accessnow.org/internet-shutdowns-kazakhstan-feb-28-protests/; https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/2/28/dozens-detained-at-kazakhstan-political-prisoner-protest
Ended3/28/20211UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYesNo
The complete shutdown coincides with the anti-government protests in several Kazakh cities calling for the release of political prisoners, following a resolution passed by the European Parliament on human rights in the country. The authorities responded with violence and detained approximately 50 protesters.
https://www.accessnow.org/internet-shutdowns-kazakhstan-feb-28-protests/
53
Actual4/1/2021Myanmar
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Countrywide shutdownShutdownBroadbandFull networkMilitaryMyanmar JuntaProtests
Myanmar’s military rulers have ordered internet service providers to shut down wireless broadband services until further notice
CSO KIO partners
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-myanmar-politics-internet/myanmar-orders-wireless-internet-shutdown-until-further-notice-telecoms-sources-idUSKBN2BO5H2?il=0
Ended4/11/202111UnknownUnknownNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknown
Myanmar: all wireless broadband services
Unknown
The telcos appear to have acknowledged this shutdown only privately, as reported by Reuters
NoYesYesUnknown
54
Actual4/2/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Pulwama district, in Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of alleged armed militants. Mobile internet services were suspended in Pulwama to prevent rumours amidst the encounter.
Other
https://www.uniindia.com/pulwama-encounter-3-militants-killed-operation-continues/north/news/2359978.html; https://kashmirpulse.com/jk/kashmir/shutdown-in-pulwama-after-kakapora-gunfight/58471.html
Ended4/3/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/14(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
Mobile internet services were suspended in Pulwama to prevent rumours amidst the encounter.
55
Actual4/3/2021Jordan
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Dabouq in Amman and Umm al-Naaj in Salt
Shutdown, ThrottleBroadband, Mobile
Full network, Service-based
UnknownPolitical instability
In April 2021, in the aftermath of the alleged coup attempt linked to Prince Hamzah, a two-day internet shutdown impacted parts of western Amman. Additionally, a general prosecutor issued a gag order banning media from reporting on the coup plot.
News media article
https://freedomhouse.org/country/jordan/freedom-net/2021#footnote1_mduqte3; https://uk.news.yahoo.com/jordans-prince-hamzah-strikes-defiant-093150833.html?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly9mcmVlZG9taG91c2Uub3JnLw&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAAEWweHtNCVmqyNeeQCauc8DIL3LjLNKEqP1biZ9z7PSwN0sDgB_108-PyEEe2_ZTTre1MTF88olQVcRbk0-6_7JnHTw3G558j-OIhCx5fq95uGHfWDXvbPZnnq0SvNalA4st6G_lGrT8ZBBKZ117qGPSuC-6ys5aKWdVIKhjCsq0; https://www.7iber.com/technology/%D8%AD%D8%AC%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%A8%D9%83%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%B6%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%A7%D8%B5%D8%A9-vpn/; https://newlinesmag.com/reportage/jordan-everyone-is-hamzah/; https://monitor.civicus.org/updates/2021/11/19/declining-civic-freedoms-teachers-union-continuously-targeted-internet-freedom-restricted/#:~:text=Blocking%20access%20to%20the%20internet&text=In%20April%202021%2C%20in%20the,being%20inaccessible%20during%20this%20time.
Ended4/5/20213UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoSeveral VPN servicesNoNo
Jordan: Zain, Orange and Umniah
NoNoUnknownUnknownNo
In April 2021, in the aftermath of the alleged coup attempt, a two-day internet shutdown was carried out in parts of western Amman. There are also reports of Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) being inaccessible during this time. Additionally, a general prosecutor issued a gag order banning media from reporting on the coup plot.
56
Actual4/8/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Encounter with security forces (Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of alleged armed militants)
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/16(TSTS)_0001.pdf; https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/encounter-breaks-out-in-south-kashmir-s-shopian-town-2-3-terrorists-trapped-1788658-2021-04-08
Ended4/9/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/16(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
57
Actual4/8/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Shopian, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Encounter with security forces (Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of alleged armed militants)
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/15(TSTS)_0001.pdf; https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/encounter-breaks-out-in-south-kashmir-s-shopian-town-2-3-terrorists-trapped-1788658-2021-04-08
Ended4/11/20214
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/15(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
58
Actual4/9/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Awantipora, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Encounter with security forces
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/17(TSTS)_0001.pdf
Ended4/9/20211
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/17(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
Mobile networks were ordered shut down after a deadly encounter between the officials and militants.
59
Actual4/10/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Kulgam and Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instabilityOther
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/18(TSTS)_0001.pdf
Ended4/11/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/18(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
60
Actual4/11/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Chhabra town, Baran district of Rajasthan
ShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkLocal government
Divisional Commissioner
Communal violence
According to police, the riots erupted after two men from the Gujjar community were allegedly stabbed by members of the Muslim community following an argument late on Saturday. Mobile internet was suspended on Sunday, April 11 until April 13. Curfew was clamped and internet services suspended in Chhabra town of Rajasthan's Baran district on 11th April 2021 as communal clashes broke out.
News media article
https://www.daijiworld.com/news/newsDisplay?newsID=822918; https://www.hindustantimes.com/cities/jaipur-news/rajasthan-curfew-imposed-internet-suspended-after-riots-101618169951058.html; https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/violence-baran-rajasthan-curfew-internet-suspended-1789884-2021-04-12
Ended4/13/20213
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
YesUnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesUnknownNo
According to police, the riots erupted after two men from the Gujjar community were allegedly stabbed by members of the Muslim community following an argument late on Saturday. Mobile and broadband internet was suspended on Sunday, April 11 until April 13.
61
Actual4/16/2021Pakistan
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationalShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedExecutive governmentMinistry of InteriorProtests
Social media was shutdown as authorities cracked down on protests against Charlie Hebdo cartoons
News media article
https://www.ft.com/content/df26e1d8-2221-46a1-9223-49df71302d57; https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EzFAX1LVEAUjMNQ.jpg; https://twitter.com/usamakhilji/status/1382957348008824832; https://transparencyreport.google.com/traffic/overview?fraction_traffic=start:1617408000000;end:1619654399999;product:21;region:PK&lu=fraction_traffic
Ended4/16/20211
Fake news/ Hate speech/ Incendiary content/ Promoting violence
YesYesYesYesUnknownYesYoutubeNoNoYes
https://www.ft.com/content/df26e1d8-2221-46a1-9223-49df71302d57
NoNoNo
Social media were shutdown in anticipation of anti-government protests by recently banned right-wing political party which apposed the government's retreat in an agreement to expel the French Ambassador, as the government responses to the charges of Charlie Hebdo.
62
Actual4/19/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Shopian, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Encounter with security forces
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/19(TSTS)_0001.pdf
Ended4/20/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/19(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
63
Actual4/19/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Kulgam, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instabilityOther
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/20(TSTS)_0001.pdf
Ended4/20/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/20(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
64
Actual5/4/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Sopore police district in Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of armed militants
CSO KIO partners
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/2-lashkar-terrorists-killed-in-sopore-encounter/articleshow/82397144.cms;
Ended5/5/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/21(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
Internet services were suspended during an encounter between security forces and alleged armed militants in Baramulla district in Kashmir.
65
Actual5/6/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Shopian district of Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Security forces operation which resulted in an encounter and death of armed militants.
CSO KIO partners
https://www.news18.com/news/india/3-killed-in-encounter-between-security-forces-and-militants-in-j-ks-shopian-3711194.html
Ended5/7/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/22(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
Mobile internet was shutdown in Shopian district amidst an encounter that took place in the region.
66
Actual5/11/2021Iraq
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Baghdad and several other cities
Shutdown, ThrottleBroadband, MobileFull networkUnknownProtests
The internet down in Baghdad and several cities for an hour especially from one of the major ISPs in Iraq (Earthlink) and many users reported they're facing internet throttling. this is related [to what has been] happening in the last few days, protests against Iranian backed militias and some activists were assassinated.
CSO KIO partners
https://ioda.caida.org/ioda/dashboard#view=inspect&entity=country/IQ&lastView=overview&from=1619904470&until=1622496530
Ended5/11/20211
Technical problems/ Infrastructure failure
The Ministry of Communications attributed the shutdown to a cable cut
YesNo
https://www.nasnews.com/view.php?cat=60227
UnknownUnknownUnknownUnknownUnknownUnknownUnknown
Iraq: Asiacell (Ooredoo), Iraq: Fastlink (Regional Telecom), Kurdistan, Iraq: Korek Telecom, Iraq: Mobitel, Kurdistan, Iraq: Tishknet, Kurdistan, Iraq: Earthlink
UnknownNoUnknownUnknownNo
67
Actual5/12/2021Palestine, State of
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Gaza stripShutdown, ThrottleBroadband, MobileFull networkNon-government
Military of the State of Israel
Other
Military conflict, Bombing of infrastructure
CSO KIO partners
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/may/15/israeli-strikes-destroy-gaza-jalaa-tower-media-al-jazeera-associated-press; https://twitter.com/maasalan/status/1394221825723412482; https://twitter.com/DougMadory/status/1393940954604883972; https://twitter.com/caida_ioda/status/1393959216595959810?s=21;
https://smex.org/israeli-airstrikes-destroyed-internet-infrastructure-in-gaza-report/
Ended5/25/202114
Sabotage/ Third-party Action
Military target NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoUnknownNoYesYesNo
There was a full shutdown among some telecommunication companies at the Gaza strip, after Israeli Airforce bombings in the region (electrictiy outage as well). One of the the internet outages started at the same time as the bombing of the Al-Jalaa tower, where Associated Press and Al Jazeera operated, as well as Telecoms (May 15). The bombing of the Al-Jawahra tower also affected telecom operators with infrastructure in the building (May 12).
68
Actual5/14/2021Cuba
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
ShutdownMobileFull networkExecutive governmentProtests
This shutdown started on Cuba's Independence Day
CSO KIO partners
https://www.radiotelevisionmarti.com/a/un-20-de-mayo-con-bloqueos-a-internet-y-vigilancia-policial/295568.html
Ended5/21/20218UnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownCuba: ETECSAUnknownNoNoUnknownNo
69
Actual5/16/2021Ethiopia
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
ShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedUnknownUnknownConfidentialEnded5/16/20211Unknown
https://www.reuters.com/world/africa/social-media-restricted-ethiopia-netblocks-says-2021-05-17/
NoYesNoYesYesNoNoEthiopia: Ethio TelecomNoNoNoNoNo
Facebook services were shutdown on May 16 and restored May 17 in Ethiopia.
70
Actual5/17/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Pulwama and Awantipora, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir
Political instability
Security forces operation in Pulwama
CSO KIO partners
https://thekashmirimages.com/2021/05/17/no-internet-in-pulwama-students-urge-ku-to-postpone-online-test/
Ended5/17/20211
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/23(TSTS)_0001.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknown
Students who are scheduled to take exams online
Unknown
Internet services have been snapped in the Pulwama Kashmir district following a gunfight in Khanmoh area.
71
Estimated5/25/2021Myanmar
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationwdeShutdownMobileService-basedMilitary
Myanmar's junta, led by military chief Min Aung Hlaing
Information control
Myanmar's junta has shared lists of over 1,200 online services and domain names it deems acceptable for public viewing, conspicuously excluding Facebook and Twitter as it looks to curb anti-coup protests.
News media article
https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Myanmar-Crisis/Myanmar-allows-Tinder-but-axes-dissent-havens-Twitter-Facebook; https://www.frontiermyanmar.net/en/whitelisted-internet-takes-myanmar-back-to-a-dark-age/
Ongoing-44340Other
Reason in the whitelist order: "To reconnect the education and [small and medium-size enterprise] sectors, the [internet] service providers should follow the order to set the whitelist internet access to the user as soon as possible."
YesUnknownDraft cybersecurity lawYesYesNoNoNoNoNo
Myanmar: Ooredoo, Telenor, MPT, and others except Mytel
Yes
https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Myanmar-Crisis/Myanmar-allows-Tinder-but-axes-dissent-havens-Twitter-Facebook
NoYesYes
Activists, online organizers
No
72
Actual5/28/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Shopian, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
The internet service was snapped in the entire Shopian district as a precautionary measure amidst an ongoing gunfight.
CSO KIO partners
https://www.thenorthlines.com/1-militant-killed-in-shopian/
Ended5/29/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/24-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
Amid an ongoing encounter between the officials and the militants, as a precautionary measure, internet services have been snapped in Shopian district.
73
Actual5/31/2021Syrian Arab Republic
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
nationwideShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkExecutive government
The Minister of Education Darem Tabbaa
Exam cheating
General Examination for the High School students in Syria
Confidential
https://smex.org/another-internet-blackout-in-syria-during-exams/
https://twitter.com/SkySyria_org/status/1398679949683347462; https://www.zarkachat.com/general-exam-internet-syria-2021; https://twitter.com/Thevoicesyria1/status/1398595420079730693; https://twitter.com/khalediskef/status/1398592990487121921; https://twitter.com/DougMadory/status/1399432052743852033
Ended6/22/202123School exams
Prevent exam cheating during National High School Exams
YesUnknown
https://www.zarkachat.com/general-exam-internet-syria-2021/
NoNoNoNoNoNoNoSyrian TelecomUnknownNoNoNoYes
The Syrian government shut down mobile and fixed internet across the country during the General Examination for High School students. There were 8 events of curfew-style shutdowns.
https://www.accessnow.org/mena-internet-shutdowns-during-exams/
74
Actual6/4/2021Myanmar
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
CountrywideShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkMilitaryInformation control
One hour long internet shutdown was enforced coinciding with the NUG’s press conference
CSO KIO partners
https://ioda.caida.org/ioda/dashboard#view=inspect&entity=country/MM&lastView=overview&from=1622721600&until=1622854200
Ended6/4/20211UnknownUnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Myanmar: Mytel, Telenor, Ooredoo, Myanmar Post and Telecommunications
NoNoUnknownUnknownNo
75
Actual6/4/2021Nigeria
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Entire countryShutdownBroadband, MobileService-basedExecutive government
Minister for Information and Culture
Other
Twitter “indefinitely” blocked for “persistent use of the platform for activities that are capable of undermining Nigeria’s corporate existence.” Later it was said the block was “temporary” and that it was to “limit consequences of fake news”. The blocking takes place just after Twitter’s decision to remove President Muhammadu Buhari’s tweet threatening genocide on Nigerian citizens in the south.
CSO KIO partners
https://nypost.com/2021/06/04/nigeria-announces-twitter-ban-in-statement-on-twitter/?utm_source=twitter_sitebuttons&utm_medium=site%20buttons&utm_campaign=site%20buttons
Ended1/13/2022224
National security/ Counter-terrorism
The statement, posted on the ministry’s official Twitter account, cited “the persistent use of the platform for activities that are capable of undermining Nigeria’s corporate existence.”
YesUnknown
https://twitter.com/FMICNigeria/status/1400843062641717249
NoYesNoNoNoNoNo
Nigeria: 9mobile (Teleology), Nigeria: Airtel (Bharti Airtel), Nigeria: Bitflux, Nigeria: Glo Mobile (Globacom), Nigeria: InterC Network, Nigeria: MTN, Nigeria: ntel (NatCom), Nigeria: Smile, Nigeria: Swift Networks
UnknownNoNoNoNo
https://twitter.com/thecableng/status/1401291456137109514
https://www.accessnow.org/nigeria-blocks-twitter-keepiton
76
Actual6/19/2021Sudan
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationwideShutdownMobileFull networkExecutive government
The Attorney General upon request from the Ministry of Education
Exam cheatingNews media article
https://sudanesehome.net/%d8%aa%d9%88%d8%ac%d9%8a%d9%87-%d9%85%d9%86-%d8%a7%d9%84%d9%86%d8%a7%d8%a6%d8%a8-%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%b9%d8%a7%d9%85-%d8%a8%d8%a5%d9%8a%d9%82%d8%a7%d9%81-%d8%ae%d8%af%d9%85%d8%a9-%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%a7%d9%86/; https://www.alsudaninews.com/ar/?p=127893; https://twitter.com/DougMadory/status/1406332802442924037; https://www.altaghyeer.info/ar/2021/06/18/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%88%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%8A%D9%82%D8%B7%D8%B9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%AA-%D8%AB%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AB-%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D9%8A%D9%88%D9%85%D9%8A/
Ended7/3/202115School exams
Upon request from the Ministry of Education, the Attorney General ordered the shutdown. As justified by the former Minister of Education, the shutdown is effective to prevent exam cheating drawing from experience of the shutdown in last year's exam.
YesUnknown
https://www.altaghyeer.info/ar/2021/06/18/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%88%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%8A%D9%82%D8%B7%D8%B9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%AA-%D8%AB%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AB-%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D9%8A%D9%88%D9%85%D9%8A/
NoNoNoNoNoNoNoYes
https://www.altaghyeer.info/ar/2021/06/18/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%88%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%8A%D9%82%D8%B7%D8%B9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%AA-%D8%AB%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AB-%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D9%8A%D9%88%D9%85%D9%8A/
وصباح اليوم الجمعة، تلقت هواتف المشتركين رسائل من شركات الاتصالات تبلغهم بقرار قطع الإنترنت وقالت: «وفق توجيه جهاز تنظيم الإتصالات سيتم قطع خدمة الإنترنت خلال جلسات إمتحان الشهادة السودانية من الساعة 8 صباحاً وحتى 11 صباحاً».
NoNoNoYes
The Sudanese Ministry of Education ordered the shutdown of mobile services during the national school exams, lasting 3 hours every days, from 8am to 11am local time, starting June 19 to July 3.
https://www.accessnow.org/mena-internet-shutdowns-during-exams/
77
Actual6/20/2021
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
It only affected one city, county, or village
city of YasujShutdown, ThrottleMobileFull networkUnknownElections
Shutdown in response to a clash between two tribes on the results of city council election in the city of Yavasj
CSO KIO partners
https://twitter.com/Ammir/status/1407006823236972551
Ended6/22/20213UnknownUnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Iran: MCI (TCI), Iran: MTN Irancell
UnknownYesYesYesNo
On June 20, in response to a clash between two tribes on the results of city council election in the city of Yasuj which is the capital of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province, mobile data on Irancell and MCI were cut off for almost the entire day. The internet was partially restored the next day around four o'clock and on June 22 was fully restored.
78
Actual6/20/2021Algeria
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
NationwideShutdown, ThrottleBroadband, MobileFull networkExecutive governmentExam cheating
Shutdown during the "baccalaureate" exam.
Social media
https://twitter.com/alisibai/status/1407017281922682901; https://www.echoroukonline.com/%D9%85%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%8A%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D8%B2%D8%A7%D8%A6%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A8%D9%84%D8%A7-%D8%B9%D9%85%D9%84-%D8%A8%D8%B3%D8%A8%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D9%83%D8%A7%D9%84
Ended6/24/20215School examsYesUnknown
https://twitter.com/alisibai/status/1407017291364147203/photo/1
NoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Algeria: Ooredoo (NMTC), Algeria: Mobilis (Algerie Telecom), Algeria: Djezzy
NoNoNoYes
Mobile and broadband internet were shutdown and throttled during the days of the national school exams, from June 20 to 24, in a curfew-style shutdown.
https://www.accessnow.org/mena-internet-shutdowns-during-exams/
79
Actual6/21/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Sopore, Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Encounter with security forces
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/25-TSTSof2021.pdf
Ended6/22/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/25-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
80
Actual6/23/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Shopian, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Information control
Mobile Internet was shutdown in Shopian district amidst an encounter that took place in the region
CSO KIO partners
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/26-TSTSof2021.pdf
Ended6/23/20211
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Encounter with security forces
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/26-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
81
Actual6/24/2021Jordan
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
ShutdownMobileService-basedExecutive government
Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (TRC)
Exam cheating
Shutdown during the "Tawjihi" examinations
News media article
https://en.royanews.tv/news/28968/2021-06-20
Ended7/14/202121School exams
Ordered to allegedly prevent exam cheating
YesUnknown
https://twitter.com/JrtvMedia/status/1406908639856693250
YesUnknownUnknownUnknownUnknownMessenger, imoNoNoUnknownNoNoNoYes
Jordan's Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (TRC) ordered the shutdown of instant messaging applications in areas surrounding the realization of the Tawjihi examinations, held from June 24 until July 15, in a curfew-style shutdown.
https://www.accessnow.org/mena-internet-shutdowns-during-exams/
82
Actual6/25/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Shopian, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Mobile Internet was shutdown in Shopian district amidst an encounter that took place in the region
CSO KIO partners
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/27-TSTSof2021.pdf
Ended6/26/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/27-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
83
Actual6/29/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Budgam, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instabilityOther
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/28-TSTSof2021.pdf
Ended6/30/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Encounter with security forces
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/28-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
84
Actual6/29/2021Eswatini
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Eswatini/EswatiniShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkExecutive government
Prime Minister of Eswatini
Protests
Authorities shut down the internet on June 29, in response to large-scale pro-democracy protests.
CSO KIO partners
https://www.zimbabwevoice.com/2021/06/29/eswatini-shuts-down-internet-introduces-curfew-to-protect-people-from-pandemic/
Ended7/3/20215
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
YesUnknownStatement
https://www.accessnow.org/eswatini-government-statement
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknown
Eswatini: MTN, Eswatini: Swazi Mobile, Eswatini: Eswatini Post and Telecommunications
UnknownNoUnknownUnknownUnknown
https://www.accessnow.org/keepiton-eswatini-protests/
85
Actual6/30/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Kulgam, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Encounter with security forces
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/29-TSTSof2021.pdf
Ended6/30/20211
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/29-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
86
Actual7/1/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Pulwama and Shopian, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Mobile Internet was shutdown in Shopian district amidst an encounter that took place in the region
CSO KIO partners
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/30-TSTSof2021.pdf
Ended7/3/20213
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/30-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
87
Actual7/7/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Pulwama and Awantipora, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Deadly encounter with security forces
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/32-TSTSof2021.pdf
Ended7/8/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/32-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
Amidst an encounter with the security forces, the Internet was suspended in Pulwama District in Kashmir.
88
Actual7/7/2021IndiaNot sure
A bunch of cell towers in Kashmir Valley
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Visits by government officials
A bunch of cell towers were ordered shutdown in the preparation for the visit of Delimitation Commission to Pahalgam
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/31-TSTSof2021.pdf
Ended7/8/20212
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/31-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoYesYesUnknownNoNoNoUnknown
89
Actual7/8/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Kulgam, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Encounter with security forces
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/33-TSTSof2021.pdf
Ended7/8/20211
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/33-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesUnknownUnknown
90
Actual7/9/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Kulgam, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Encounter with security forces
Other
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/34-TSTSof2021.pdf
Ended7/9/20211
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/34-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesUnknownUnknown
91
Actual7/11/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Baran, RajasthanShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkState government
Kailash Chand Meena, Divisional Commissioner of Kota under Government of Rajasthan's Home Department
Communal violence
The murder of a youth to rising tensions in Rajasthans Baran district. Internet was shut down in the area.
CSO KIO partners
https://www.republicworld.com/india-news/law-and-order/rajasthan-section-144-imposed-in-baran-following-youths-murder-internet-suspended.html
Ended7/12/20212
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
Kailash Chand Meena, Divisional Commissioner of Kota under Government of Rajasthan's Home Department issued an order that read, "In exercise of the powers conferred by rule 2(1) of the Temporary suspension of Telecom services (Public emergency or Public safety Rules 2017) in the Municipal Council area of Baran city, (2G/3G/4G Data, Internet services, Bulk SMS/ MMS/ Whatsapp, Facebook, Twitter and other social media by Internet services providers (except voice call of land line and mobile phone) on 2G/3G/4G data will be temporarily suspended for 24 hours from 3.00 AM on 11.7.2021 to 3.00 AM on 12.7.2021."
YesYes
Government order - Section 144
https://www.republicworld.com/india-news/law-and-order/rajasthan-section-144-imposed-in-baran-following-youths-murder-internet-suspended.html
Kailash Chand Meena, Divisional Commissioner of Kota under Government of Rajasthan's Home Department issued an order that read, "In exercise of the powers conferred by rule 2(1) of the Temporary suspension of Telecom services (Public emergency or Public safety Rules 2017) in the Municipal Council area of Baran city, (2G/3G/4G Data, Internet services, Bulk SMS/ MMS/ Whatsapp, Facebook, Twitter and other social media by Internet services providers (except voice call of land line and mobile phone) on 2G/3G/4G data will be temporarily suspended for 24 hours from 3.00 AM on 11.7.2021 to 3.00 AM on 12.7.2021."
NoNoNoNoNoYesNoUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
92
Estimated7/11/2021Cuba
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
Most of the countryShutdownBroadband, Mobile
Full network, Service-based
Executive government
ETECSA, the state-owned internet provider
Protests
Cubans flooded the streets demanding access to food, water, medicine and vaccines, and the government responded by blocking access to internet and to popular social media platforms
CSO KIO partners
https://www.accessnow.org/patria-y-vida-cuba/; https://twitter.com/DougMadory/status/1414327987525275659; https://twitter.com/OpenObservatory/status/1414622433156476930
Ended7/15/20215Other
https://cooperativa.cl/noticias/mundo/cuba/cuba-tacho-protestas-de-disturbios-y-atribuyo-el-apagon-de-internet/2021-07-14/012430.html
YesNoNo
https://cooperativa.cl/noticias/mundo/cuba/cuba-tacho-protestas-de-disturbios-y-atribuyo-el-apagon-de-internet/2021-07-14/012430.html
The Minister of Foreign Affairs declared: "for days there has been a lack of electricity, which also affects the functioning of the networks, nodes, servers and telecommunications"
YesNoYesYesYesNoNoCuba: ETECSAYes
https://www.elnuevoherald.com/noticias/america-latina/cuba-es/article253434169.html
NoYesYesNo
https://www.accessnow.org/patria-y-vida-cuba/
93
Actual7/14/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Amidst an encounter with the security forces, the Internet was suspended in Pulwama District in Kashmir.
CSO KIO partners
https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/internet-snapped-curfew-in-jammu-and-kashmirs-pulwama-after-3-lashkar-terrorists-killed-in-encounter-2486249
Ended7/14/20211
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Encounter with security forces
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/35-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
94
Actual7/18/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Shopian, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Two militants were killed in a late-night operation in south Kashmirs Shopian. Internet was suspended due to this.
CSO KIO partners
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/two-militants-killed-in-shopian-encounter/article35400125.ece
Ended7/19/20212
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Encounter with security forces
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/36-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
95
Estimated7/18/2021
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
KhuzestanShutdownMobileFull networkUnknownProtests
series of short and localized internet shutdowns in the province of Khuzestan. Mobile data on Iran cell and MTI on and off in areas where there are protests or where provincial officials considered the area as a security zone.
CSO KIO partnersEnded7/24/20217UnknownUnknownNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknown
Iran: MCI (TCI), Iran: MTN Irancell
NoUnknownUnknownNo
96
Actual7/20/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Jhalawar, RajasthanShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkState government
Kota divisional comissioneer
Communal violence
Internet was suspended in parts of Jhalawar district in Rajasthan because of rising communal tensions
CSO KIO partners
https://www.timesnownews.com/india/article/rajasthan-communal-tensions-in-areas-of-jhalawar-district-internet-services-suspended-for-24-hours/787785
Ended7/21/20212
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
YesUnknownNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesUnknownReligious minoritiesUnknown
Internet was suspended in parts of Jhalawar district in Rajasthan because of rising communal tensions
97
Actual7/22/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Sopore, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownMobileFull networkState government
Government of Jammu and Kashmir, Home Department
Political instability
Mobile internet services have been suspended in Sopore in Baramulla district amidst in an encounter.
CSO KIO partners
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/encounter-breaks-out-in-jks-sopore-police/article35480394.ece; https://jkadworld.com/jammu-kashmir-news/sopore-encounter-mobile-internet-suspended-exchange-of-fire-going-on/
Ended7/24/20213
National security/ Counter-terrorism
Encounter with security forces
YesYesGovernment order
http://jkhome.nic.in/pdf/37-TSTSof2021.pdf
NoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownUnknownNoYesUnknownUnknown
98
Actual7/25/2021Iraq
It affected locations in more than one state, province, or region
KurdistanShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkExecutive governmentExam cheating
The Kurdistan Region #العراق decides to cut off the internet for the citizens of the region for a period of about 4 hours, starting from Sunday 25 July from 6:30 in the morning until 10:30 in the morning local time, coinciding with the start of the final exams under the pretext of preventing cheating in exams
CSO KIO partners
https://twitter.com/INSMnetwork/status/1419042264668536834
Ended7/25/20211School examsUnknownNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownNoNoNoUnknown
99
Actual7/31/2021India
It only affected one city, county, or village
Bandipora, Jammu and Kashmir
ShutdownBroadband, MobileFull networkState governmentProtests
J&K Govt. suspends internet services in Bandipora #Kashmir amid protests against the death of a 50-year-old man inside an Indian Army camp.
CSO KIO partners
https://twitter.com/DigitalRightsKS/status/1421428508115431429
Ended7/31/20211
Public safety/ Quell unrest / Restore public order
UnknownNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownNoNoUnknownUnknownNo
100
Actual8/1/2021India
It affected more than one city in the same state, province, or region
Anjaw, Changlang, Dibang Valley, East Kameng, East Siang, Kra Daadi, Kurung Kumey, Lohit, Longding, Lower Dibang Valley, Lower Siang, Lower Subansiri, Namsai, Papum Pare, Siang, Tawang, Tirap, Upper Siang, Upper Subansiri, West Kameng, West Siang, in Arunachal Pradesh
ShutdownMobileFull networkState governmentExam cheating
As a measure to prevent cheating in examinations, all mobile internet services were suspended from 9:30 am to 1 pm on 1 August in some townships.
CSO KIO partners
https://arunachaltimes.in/index.php/2021/07/31/apssb-set-to-conduct-cgl-exam-on-1-aug-2/
Ended8/1/20211School examsYesUnknownNoNoNoNoNoUnknownUnknownNoNoNoNoYes