U.S. House Special Elections, 1957-present
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U.S. House Special Elections, 1957-Present
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Compiled by Greg Giroux (Twitter @greggiroux)
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RED-shaded row means district flipped from Democratic to Republican control; BLUE-shaded row means district flipped from Republican to Democratic. All contests D-vs-R unless otherwise noted.
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The "DATE" column refers to when the winning candidate clinched a berth in Congress. The "RESULT" column lists the vote percentages for the top two candidates. In some cases the winner and runner-up were of the same political party. Some special elections drew higher participation because they coincided with regularly scheduled elections.
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DATEStateCDWinnerWinner's PartyResult (%s)Runner-UpVacated ByPartyDate VacatedDays from Vacancy to ElectionReason for VacancyVotes CastWhite House's PartyWinner's Swearing-In DateDays from Special Election to Swearing-In
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11/6/2018Michigan13John ConyersD12/5/2017336resigning/personalR
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8/7/2018Ohio12Pat TiberiR1/15/2018204resigning/Ohio Business RoundtableR
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4/24/2018Arizona8Trent FranksR12/8/2017137resigning/personalR
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3/13/2018Pennsylvania18Tim MurphyR10/21/2017143resigning/personalR
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11/7/2017Utah3John CurtisR58-26Kathie AllenJason ChaffetzR6/30/2017130resigning/personal147,796R11/13/20176
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6/20/2017Georgia6Karen HandelR52-48Jon OssoffTom PriceR2/10/2017130resigned/became HHS Secretary260,316R6/26/20176
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6/20/2017South Carolina5Ralph NormanR51-48Archie ParnellMick MulvaneyR2/16/2017124resigned/became OMB Director88,316R6/26/20176
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6/6/2017California34Jimmy GomezD59-41Robert Lee Ahn (D)Xavier BecerraD1/24/2017133resigned/became CA Atty Gen43,179R7/11/201735
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5/25/2017MontanaALGreg GianforteR50-44Rob QuistRyan ZinkeR3/1/201785resigned/became Interior secretary381,416R6/21/201727
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4/11/2017Kansas4Ron EstesR52.2-46.0James ThompsonMike PompeoR1/23/201778resigned/became CIA director122,694R4/25/201714
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11/8/2016Kentucky1James ComerR72-28Samuel GaskinsEd WhitfieldR9/6/201663resigned/personal290,620D11/14/20166
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11/8/2016Hawaii1Colleen HanabusaD65-22Shirlene OstrovMark TakaiD7/20/2016111death198,391D11/14/20166
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11/8/2016Pennsylvania2Dwight EvansD90-10James JonesChaka FattahD6/23/2016138resigned/corruption conviction311,430D11/14/20166
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6/7/2016Ohio8Warren DavidsonR77-21Corey FoisterJohn BoehnerR10/31/2015220resigned/party disunity28,162D6/9/20162
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9/10/2015Illinois18Darin LaHoodR69-31Robert MellonAaron SchockR3/31/2015163resigned/office and campaign spending scrutiny 51,319D9/17/20157
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6/2/2015Mississippi1Trent KellyR70-30Walter ZinnAlan NunneleeR2/6/2015116death99,347D6/9/20157
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5/5/2015New York11Daniel DonovanR58-40Vincent GentileMichael GrimmR1/5/2015120resigned/pleaded guilty to tax charge42,509D5/12/20157
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11/4/2014New Jersey1Donald NorcrossD58-40Garry W. CobbRob AndrewsD2/18/2014259resigned/Dilworth Paxson law firm161,275D11/12/20148
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11/4/2014Virginia7Dave BratR62-38Jack TrammellEric CantorR8/18/201478resigned/lost primary241,313D11/12/20148
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11/4/2014North Carolina12Alma AdamsD75-25Vince CoakleyMel WattD1/6/2014302resigned/FHFA head169,246D11/12/20148
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6/24/2014Florida19Curt ClawsonR67-29April FreemanTrey RadelR1/27/2014148resigned/drug charge conviction99,989D6/25/20141
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3/11/2014Florida13David JollyR48.5-46.6%Alex SinkBill YoungR10/18/2013144death183,772D3/13/20142
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12/17/2013Alabama1Bradley ByrneR70-29%Burton LeFloreJo BonnerR8/2/2013137resigned/university job51,406D1/8/201422
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12/10/2013Massachusetts5Katherine ClarkD66-32%Frank AddivinolaEd MarkeyD7/15/2013148resigned/elected to Senate61,296D12/12/20132
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11/16/2013Louisiana5Vance McAllisterR60-40Neil Riser (R)Rodney AlexanderR9/27/201350resigned/job in Gov Jindal admin91,290D11/21/20135
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6/4/2013Missouri8Jason SmithR67-27Steve HodgesJo Ann EmersonR1/22/2013133resigned/NRECA CEO62,766D6/5/20131
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5/7/2013South Carolina1Mark SanfordR54-45Elizabeth Colbert BuschTim ScottR1/2/2013125resigned/appointed to Senate143,635D5/15/20138
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4/9/2013Illinois2Robin KellyD71-22Paul McKinleyJesse Jackson Jr.D11/21/2012139resigned/personal83,193D4/11/20132
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11/6/2012Michigan11David CursonD48-46Kerry Bentivolio*Thaddeus McCotterR7/6/2012123resigned/personal329,137D11/13/20127
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11/6/2012Kentucky4Thomas MassieR60-37William AdkinsGeoff DavisR7/31/201298resigned/personal290,677D11/13/20127
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11/6/2012New Jersey10Donald M. Payne Jr.D97-3Joanne Miller (I)Donald M. PayneD3/6/2012245death170,913D11/13/20127
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11/6/2012Washington1Suzan DelBeneD60-40John KosterJay InsleeD3/20/2012231resigned/ran for governor357,735D11/13/20127
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6/12/2012Arizona8Ron BarberD52-45Jesse KellyGabrielle GiffordsD1/25/2012139resigned/health212,538D6/19/20127
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1/31/2012Oregon1Suzanne BonamiciD54-40Rob CornillesDavid WuD8/3/2011181resigned/personal210,763D2/7/20127
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9/13/2011New York9Bob TurnerR52-47David WeprinAnthony WeinerD6/21/201184resigned/personal71,226D9/15/20112
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9/13/2011Nevada2Mark AmodeiR58-36Kate MarshallDean HellerR5/9/2011127resigned/appointed to Senate129,791D9/15/20112
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7/12/2011California36Janice HahnD55-45Craig HueyJane HarmanD2/28/2011134resigned/Wilson Center prez85,624D7/19/20117
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5/24/2011New York26Kathy HochulD47-42Jane CorwinChristopher LeeR2/9/2011104resigned/personal111,338D6/1/20118
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11/2/2010Indiana3Marlin StutzmanR63-33Tom HayhurstMark SouderR5/21/2010165resigned/personal184,209D11/16/201014
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11/2/2010New York29Tom ReedR57-43Matthew ZellerEric MassaD3/8/2010239resigned/personal186,897D11/18/201016
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6/8/2010Georgia9Tom GravesR56-44Lee Hawkins (R)Nathan DealR3/21/201079resigned/run for governor40,203D6/14/20106
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5/22/2010Hawaii1Charles DjouR40-31Colleen HanabusaNeil AbercrombieD2/28/201083resigned/run for governor170,393D5/25/20103
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5/18/2010Pennsylvania12Mark CritzD53-45Tim BurnsJohn MurthaD2/8/201099death137,189D5/20/20102
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4/13/2010Florida19Ted DeutchD62-35Edward J. LynchRobert WexlerD1/4/201099resigned/non-profit center prez69,723D4/15/20102
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11/3/2009New York23Bill OwensD48-46Doug Hoffman (Con.)John McHughR9/21/200943resigned/Army Secretary151,366D11/6/20093
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11/3/2009California10John GaramendiD53-43David HarmerEllen O. TauscherD6/26/2009130resigned/State Dept. post137,786D11/5/20092
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7/14/2009California32Judy ChuD62-33Betty ChuHilda L. SolisD2/24/2009140resigned/Labor Secretary26,182D7/16/20092
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4/7/2009Illinois5Mike QuigleyD69-24Rosanna PulidoRahm EmanuelD1/2/200995resigned/WH chief of staff44,138D4/21/200914
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3/31/2009New York20Scott MurphyD50.2-49.8Jim TediscoKirsten E. GillibrandD1/26/200964resigned/appointed to Senate161,369D4/29/200929
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11/18/2008Ohio11Marcia L. FudgeDunopposedStephanie Tubbs JonesD8/20/200890deathR11/19/20081
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6/17/2008Maryland4Donna EdwardsD81-18Peter JamesAlbert R. WynnD5/31/200817resigned/lobbyist20,462R6/19/20082
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5/13/2008Mississippi1Travis W. ChildersD54-46Greg DavisRoger WickerR12/31/2007134resigned/appointed to Senate107,914R5/20/20087
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5/3/2008Louisiana6Don CazayouxD49-46Woody JenkinsRichard H. BakerR2/2/200891resigned/Managed Funds Assoc101,017R5/6/20083
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5/3/2008Louisiana1Steve ScaliseR75-23Gilda ReedBobby JindalR1/14/2008110resigned/elected governor45,075R5/7/20084
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4/8/2008California12Jackie SpeierD78-9Greg ConlonTom LantosD2/11/200857death85,281R4/10/20082
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3/11/2008Indiana7Andre CarsonD54-43Jon ElrodJulia CarsonD12/15/200787death84,513R3/13/20082
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3/8/2008Illinois14Bill FosterD52.5-47.5Jim OberweisJ. Dennis HastertR11/26/2007103resigned/personal99,385R3/11/20083
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12/11/2007Virginia1Rob WittmanR61-37Philip ForgitJo Ann DavisR10/6/200766death70,382R12/13/20072
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12/11/2007Ohio5Bob LattaR57-43Robin WeirauchPaul E. GillmorR9/5/200797death98,510R12/13/20072
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10/16/2007Massachusetts5Niki TsongasD51-45Jim OgonowskiMartin T. MeehanD7/1/2007107resigned/university chancellor105,936R10/18/20072
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8/21/2007California37Laura RichardsonD67-25Jon KanaleyJuanita Millender-McDonaldD4/21/2007122death23,221R9/4/200714
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7/17/2007Georgia10Paul BrounR50.4-49.6Jim Whitehead (R)Charlie NorwoodR2/13/2007154death46,664R7/25/20078
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11/7/2006Texas22Shelley Sekula-Gibbs*R62-19Bob Smither (Lbt.)Tom DeLayR6/9/2006151resigned/personal123,922R11/13/20066
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11/7/2006New Jersey13Albio SiresD97-3Dick Hester (I)Robert MenendezD1/16/2006295resigned/appointed to Senate77,995R11/13/20066
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6/6/2006California50Brian P. BilbrayR50-45Francine BusbyRandy "Duke" CunninghamR12/1/2005187resigned/personalR6/13/20067
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12/6/2005California48John CampbellR44-28Steve YoungChristopher CoxR8/2/2005126resigned/SEC chairmanR12/7/20051
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8/2/2005Ohio2Jean SchmidtR52-48Paul HackettRob PortmanR4/29/200595resigned/US Trade Rep.R9/6/200535
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3/8/2005California5Doris MatsuiD68-9Julie Padilla (D)Robert T. MatsuiD1/1/200566deathR
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7/20/2004North Carolina1G.K. ButterfieldD71-27Greg DorityFrank BallanceD6/11/200439resignedR
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6/1/2004South DakotaALStephanie HersethD50.6-49.4Larry DiedrichBill JanklowR1/20/2004133resigned/manslaughter conviction261,835R
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2/17/2004Kentucky6Ben ChandlerD55-43Alice Forgy KerrErnie FletcherR12/8/200371resigned/elected governor152,594R
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6/3/2003Texas19Randy NeugebauerR50.5-49.5Mike Conaway (R)Larry CombestR5/31/20033resigned/personalR
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1/4/2003Hawaii2Ed CaseD44-30Matt Matsunaga (D)Patsy MinkD9/28/2002death75,574R
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11/30/2002Hawaii2Ed CaseD51-36John Mink (D)Patsy MinkD9/28/200263death45,829R
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1/8/2002Oklahoma1John SullivanR54-44Doug DoddSteve LargentR2/15/2002-38resigned/ran for governorR
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12/18/2001South Carolina2Joe WilsonR73-25Brent WeaverFloyd SpenceR8/16/2001124death55,214R
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11/20/2001Arkansas3John BoozmanR56-42Mike HathornAsa HutchinsonR8/6/2001106resigned/DEA directorR
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10/16/2001Florida1Jeff MillerR66-28Steve BrieseJoe ScarboroughR9/5/200141resigned/personal81,071R
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10/16/2001Massachusetts9Stephen J. LynchD65-33Jo Ann SpragueJoe MoakleyD5/28/2001141death69,178R
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6/19/2001Virginia4Randy ForbesR52-48Louise LucasNorman SisiskyD3/29/200182death136,315R
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6/5/2001California32Diane E. WatsonD75-20Noel Irwin HentschelJulian DixonD12/8/2000179deathR
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5/15/2001Pennsylvania9Bill ShusterR52-44Scott ConklinBud ShusterR2/3/2001101resigned/personalR
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11/16/1999California42Joe BacaD51-45Elia PirozziGeorge BrownD7/15/1999124deathD
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5/29/1999Louisiana1David VitterR51-49David Treen (R)Robert L. LivingstonR3/1/199989resigned/personalD
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2/23/1999Georgia6Johnny IsaksonR65-25Christina Jeffrey (R)Newt GingrichR1/3/199951resigned/GOP election lossesD
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6/23/1998New Mexico1Heather A. WilsonR45-40Phil MaloofSteve SchiffR3/25/199890deathD
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5/19/1998Pennsylvania1Robert A. BradyD74-13William HarrisonTom FogliettaD11/11/1997189resigned/ambassador to ItalyD
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4/7/1998California9Barbara LeeD67-16Greg Harper (D)Ron DellumsD2/6/199860resignedD
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4/7/1998California44Mary BonoR64-29Ralph WaiteSonny BonoR1/5/199892deathD
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3/10/1998California22Lois CappsD54-45Tom BordonaroWalter CappsD10/28/1997133deathD
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2/3/1998New York6Gregory W. MeeksD57-21Alton Waldon Jr. (Con.)Floyd FlakeD11/17/199778resignedD
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11/4/1997New York13Vito J. FossellaR61-39Eric VitalianoSusan MolinariR8/2/199794resigned/CBS News jobD
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5/13/1997New Mexico3Bill RedmondR43-40Eric SernaBill RichardsonD2/13/199789resigned/UN ambassadorD
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4/12/1997Texas28Ciro D. RodriguezD67-33Juan Solis (D)Frank TejedaD1/30/199772deathD
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11/5/1996Missouri8Jo Ann EmersonR63-34Emily FirebaughBill EmersonR6/22/1996136deathD
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U.S. House Special Election Results, Greg Giroux
Form Responses 1