AKA Controlled Substance Act research
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US CSA by State
Name Tyler PottsDebby HuntHighwaterz
Robin Graham
Emergency or Unilateral Power Yes or NoStatute Link to text
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State:
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North Carolina
xYes: Commission can schedule on 8 Factor test (with public comment)N.C.G.S. § 5-90-86
http://www.ncleg.net/EnactedLegislation/Statutes/HTML/ByArticle/Chapter_90/Article_5.html
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Floridax
No: only through legislative process, last bill SB 424
GENERAL BILL Failed. Conference call with General counsel of Department of Health Linda McMullen.
https://www.flsenate.gov/search/results?q=controlled+substance
http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&URL=0800-0899/0893/Sections/0893.03.html
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Ohiox
Yes: Board of Pharmacy can on 8 Factor test, notice, chance for public to comment, 30 days
until hearing, posting of final rule, business impact statement
Ohio R.C 3719.44
http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/3719.44
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Georgiax
Yes can schedule on 8 factor test, pursuant to a period of hearings if requested by 25 persons can submit
data and other relevant and have 30 days before effect
Ga. Code Ann. § 16-13-1,
Ga. Code Ann. § 15-13-4
http://www.peachtreenorml.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/ga-controlled-substances-act.pdf
https://law.justia.com/codes/georgia/2010/title-50/chapter-13/article-1/50-13-4/
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NHx
Yes: Commissioner of Health may reshedule any substance subject to tiered schedule "tests"
N.H. RSA 318-B:1-a
and RSA 541-A
http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/xxx/318-b/318-b-mrg.htm
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Rhode Islandx
Yes: Yes can schedule on 8 factor test, pursuant to a period of hearings if requested by 25 persons
can submitd ata and other relevant information and have 30 days before effect *note if this wasn't
followed there is a potential winnable lawsuit in the RI ban.
http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/TITLE21/21-28/21-28-2.01.HTM
http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/TITLE42/42-35/42-35-2.8.HTM
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South Carolina
x
No: Department of Health and Environmental Control can only recommend changes to CSA to the
legislature notice must be given regarding the department's decision to recommend changes
S.C. Code Ann. § 44-53-160
http://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/t44c053.php
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Alabamax
Yes: Alabama State Board of Health can schedule on 8 Factor test (with public comment)
Ala. Code § 20-2-20,
Ala. Admin. Code, Rule 420-1-2-.07.
http://www.albop.com/PDF%20Files/act1407.pdf
http://www.alabamaadministrativecode.state.al.us/docs/hlth/420-1-2.pdf
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Alaskax
No : Controlled Substances Advisory Committee can recommend legislation based on 5 factor test
then governor shall introduce legislation that comports with the recommendation for the full body to vote on
A.R.S. § 11.71.120
http://www.touchngo.com/lglcntr/akstats/Statutes/Title11/Chapter71/Section120.htm
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Arizonax
No* Arizona merely lists the schedules but provides no info on whether the route of change to schedules
is legislative or by executive action. See Title 36 Chapter 27 Arizona Code
Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 36-2501
https://pharmacy.az.gov/sites/default/files/documents/files/Chapter%2027.pdf
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Arkansasx
Yes: Director of the Arkansas Department of Health can schedule based on 8 factor test must give 30 days
notice (with public comment)
Ark. Code Ann. § 5-64-20
Ark. Code Ann. § 25-15-204
https://law.justia.com/codes/arkansas/2010/title-25/chapter-15/subchapter-2/25-15-204/
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Coloradox
No: The Board may recommend to the general assembly as to scheduling but changes to schedule must be adopted by bill
https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/sites/default/files/atoms/files/Uniform%20Controlled%20Substances%20Act%20of%202013.pdf
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CaliforniaxNo: No provision on point
https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displayText.xhtml?lawCode=HSC&division=10.&title=&part=&chapter=2.&article=
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Connecticutx
Yes: Commisioner of Consumer Safety can Schedule with recommendation of Pharmacy Board,
Language says any drug with Morphine like effect may be scheduled instead of the usually abuse test.

The language says it must be done by regulation therefore the protections of the Connecticut administrative
procedures act applies, the Commisioner must post online with 30 days of chance to comment, reference
to his authority to schedule.
Conn. Gen. Stat. § 21a-243
https://www.lawserver.com/law/state/connecticut/ct-laws/connecticut_statutes_21a-243
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Delawarex
Yes: Secretary can schedule based on two factor test but varies for which schedule attempted
http://delcode.delaware.gov/title16/c047/sc02/index.shtml
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FloridaxYes: Attorney General Can schedule if there is potential for abuse
https://www.flsenate.gov/Laws/Statutes/2011/Chapter893/All
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HawaiixNo: Department of Public Safety can merely recommend changes to the legislatureHRS 329
http://cca.hawaii.gov/pvl/files/2013/08/HRS_329-DPS.pdf
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IdahoxYes: Board of Pharmacy can add based on 8 factor test IRS 37-2702
https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/Title37/T37CH27/SECT37-2702/
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IllinoisxYes: Illinois department of human services may schedule based on 10 factor test.720 ILCS 570
http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs5.asp?ActID=1941&ChapterID=53
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Iowax
No: The Board may recommend to the general assembly based on 8 factor test, must legislate
IC 35-48-2
https://www.legis.iowa.gov/docs/ico/chapter/124.pdf
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KansasxNo: recommend changes to heads of legislative bodies based on 8 factor test65-4102
http://www.kslegislature.org/li_2012/b2011_12/statute/065_000_0000_chapter/065_041_0000_article/065_041_0002_section/065_041_0002_k/
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Kentuckyx
Yes: The Cabinet for Health and Family Services can place in schedule one if potential for abuse
and no accepted medical use
218A.040
http://www.lrc.ky.gov/Statutes/statute.aspx?id=9625
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LouisianaxYes: Secretary of Department of Health can schedule based on 8 factor test40-962
http://www.legis.la.gov/Legis/Law.aspx?d=98874
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MainexNo: Appears no but no provision on point 17A.1101
http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/22/title22ch558sec0.html
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Marylandx
Yes: Department of Health Can schedule according to APA on its own or by petititon based on 8 factor test
: be careful
The Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 5-202 (West)
https://law.justia.com/codes/maryland/2010/criminal-law/title-5/subtitle-2/5-202/
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Massachusetts
xYes : Commisioner of Public Health can schedule based on 8 factors
Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 94C, § 2 (West)
https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXV/Chapter94C
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Michiganx
Yes: Administrator of seven member board can schedule if potential for abuse and no accepted medical use
MCL 333.7211
http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(dcxkiyw5exdbeh4g2eq3tcwn))/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=mcl-333-7211
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Minnesotax
he Board of Pharmacy shall place a substance in Schedule I if it finds that the substance has:
A high potential for abuse, no currently accepted medical use in the United States, and a
lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 152.02 (West)
http://www.revisor.leg.state.mn.us/stats/152/
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MississippixNo: Can only recommend changes to legislature MS Code § 41-29-111 (2013)
https://law.justia.com/citations.html
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Missourix
Yes: The department of health and senior services shall administer sections 195.005 to 195.425 and may
add substances to the schedules after public notice and hearing. In making a determination regarding a substance,
the department of health and senior services shall consider the following: 8 factor test
MO Rev Stat § 195.015.
https://law.justia.com/codes/missouri/2011/titlexii/chapter195/section195015/
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MontanaxYes: Board of Pharmacy can schedule based on 8 factors 50-32-201 § MCA
http://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/50/32/50-32-201.htm
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Nebraska xNo: Unsure cant find proivision appears legislature must scheduleNRSA 28-404
https://law.justia.com/codes/nebraska/2006/s28index/s2804004000.html
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NevadaxYes: State board of Pharmacy can schedule on 8 factor testNRS 453.146
https://www.leg.state.nv.us/NRS/NRS-453.html#NRS453Sec146
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New JerseyxNo: No provision on pointNJSA 2c:35
https://law.justia.com/codes/new-hampshire/2009/TITLEXXX/CHAPTER318-B/318-B-1-a.html
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New MexicoxYes: May add based on 7 factor test NMSA 30-31-3
https://law.justia.com/codes/new-mexico/2011/chapter30/article31/section30-31-3/
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New YorkxNo: Cannot it appears no provision on point UCC Law 3300 - 3309
https://law.justia.com/codes/new-york/2010/pbh/article-33/title-1/
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North DakotaxYes: Board of Pharmacy can on 8 factor test NDCC 19-03.1-01
https://law.justia.com/codes/north-dakota/2009/t19/t19c031.html
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OklahomaxNo: Can only recommend changes to legislature after hearing based on 8 factors63 OS -2-201
https://law.justia.com/codes/oklahoma/2016/title-63/section-63-2-201/
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Oregonx
Yes: Board of Pharmacy can control based on the scientific knowledge available regarding the substance,
its pharmacological effects,
patterns of use and misuse, and potential consequences of abuse, and consider the judgment of
individuals with training and experience with the substance.
ORS 475.035
http://www.oregon.gov/pharmacy/Imports/Laws_RulesPDF/OBOPCurrent_Laws_Rules.pdf
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PennsylvaniaxYes: Secretary of Health can schedule based on 9 factor testP.L. 233, No. 64 Section 3
http://www.health.state.pa.us/pdf/ddc/ddcAct.pdf
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TennesseexYes: Can Schedule based on 8 factor testTCA 39-17-403
https://law.justia.com/codes/tennessee/2010/title-39/chapter-17/part-4/39-17-403/
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TexasxYes: Can Schedule , test depends on the schedule Tex. Bus. Com. Code 481.034
https://law.justia.com/codes/texas/2005/hs/006.00.000481.00.html
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UtahxNo: As far as is evident there is no provision on point UT Code § 58-37
https://law.justia.com/codes/utah/2014/title-58/chapter-37/section-1/
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VermontxNo: appears to be no provision on point18 V.S.A. § 4201
https://law.justia.com/codes/vermont/2014/title-18/chapter-84/section-4201/
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Virginiax
Yes: For schedule one two factor test High potential for abuse, safe and accepted medical use
Code 54.1-3445.
https://law.justia.com/codes/virginia/2006/toc5401000/54.1-3445.html
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Washingtonx
Yes: For schedule one three factor test High potential for abuse, safe use, and accepted medical use
(this is essentially the same as two factor test they just divide safe medical use from accepted while
some others use safe and accepted medical use
RCW 69.50.203
https://law.justia.com/codes/washington/2005/title69/69.50.203.html
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West Virginiax
Yes: For schedule one two factor test High potential for abuse, safe and accepted medical use
WV Code § 60A-2-203
https://law.justia.com/codes/west-virginia/2012/chapter60a/article2/60a-2-203/
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WisconsinxYes: Based on 8 factor the controlled substances board can banWis. Stat 961.11(1)
https://law.justia.com/codes/wisconsin/2011/961/961.11.html
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Indianax
Yes: Board of Pharmacy schedules based on different test corresponding to each schedule use 3 tiered
test for schedule one 1) high potential for abuse 2) no safe use 3) no accepted use)
IN Code § 35-48-2-3 (2017)
https://law.justia.com/codes/indiana/2017/title-35/article-48/chapter-2/section-35-48-2-3/
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WyomingxYes: Comsissioner (Attorney General) can schedule based on 8 factor testWY Stat § 35-7-1011 (2014)
https://law.justia.com/codes/wyoming/2014/title-35/chapter-7/article-10/
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